Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas WEDNESDAY January 8,1986 114th year—No. 8 — 54 Pages Reagan severs ties with Libya By The New York Times WASHINGTON - President Reagan, saying Libya constitutes "a threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States," announced plans Tuesday night to sever virtually all American economic ties to Libya. At the same time Reagan ordered the remaining 1,000 to 1,500 Americans in Libya "to leave immediately" and said that those who refuse to do so "will be subject to appropriate penalties upon their return" to the United States. In his first nationally televised news conference in nearly four months, Reagan read an opening statement that condemned Col. Moammar Khadafy, the Libyan leader, as a "pariah" for his "longstanding involvement in terrorism" and threatened further moves against Libya beyond economic action. "If these steps do not end Khad- afy's terrorism, I promise you that further steps will be taken," said Reagan, who said that there was "irrefutable evidence" of the Libyan leader's involvement in the terrorist attacks at the airports in Rome and Vienna on Dec. 27. Nineteen people died in the attacks, including five Americans and four of the Arab gunmen, and more than 110 were wounded. Speaking of Khadafy, Reagan said Tuesday night, "I find that he's not only a barbarian, but he's flaky." Reagan defended his administration's restraint in moving against terrorists. It might appear "that we are not doing anything," he said, but he said 126 terrorist missions had been "aborted" by American efforts. He declined to discuss details of these actions. The economic effect of Reagan's executive order is expected to be marginal. Annual trade between Libya and the United States is only about $300 million as a result of sanctions the United States has previously imposed. But the president's decision and comments were plainly designed to intensify pressure on American allies for action against the Khadafy government and to warn the Libyan leader that military action remained possible. ' 'Khadafy deserves to be treated as a pariah in the world community. We call on our friends in Western Europe and elsewhere to join with us in isolating him," Reagan said. Reagan proposed that the following economic activities be prohibited: • Purchases and imports from and exports to Libya. • Maritime and aviation relations between the United States and Libya. • Trade in services relating to projects in Libya. • Credits, loans or the transfer or anything of value to Libya or its nationals. • Transactions relating to travel by Americans to or in Libya, "other than for commercial activities permitted until Feb. 1, 1986, or those necessary for prompt departure from Libya or for journalistic travel." Today Inside LINDSBORG NATIVE Alden Shields will replace Mike Harder as the state's secretary of administration. See Local/Kansas, Page 3. Classified 21,22 Entertainment 24 Fun 23 Living Today 13-17 Local/Kansas 3,8 Markets 10 Nation/World 5 On the Record 11 Opinion 4 Sports ! 18-20 Weather 11 Weather KANSAS - Mostly sunny and warmer today, with highs in the mid- to upper 40s west and in the lower to mid-30s east. Mostly clear tonight, with lows in the 20s. Mostly sunny and warmer Thursday, with highs in the mid-40s to about 50 statewide. Tom Dor»y OUT ON A LIMB — Steve Bryla, 66, enjoys helping his neighbors by climbing and trimming their trees. Bryla uses only handsaws in his work and charges his neighbors nothing. New evidence suggests existence of fifth force at work in universe By The New York Times NEW YORK — A new analysis of early 20th-century experiments has produced results challenging both the findings of Galileo that all falling bodies accelerate at the same rate and a fundamental element of Einstein's general theory of relativity. This has led physicists to suspect that there may be a fifth, previously unidentified force at work in the universe. Scientists said the new study, published in the Jan. 6 issue of Physical Review Letters, could have a profound influence on thinking in physics and cosmology, if the results can be substantiated by experiments. Those who had examined the report said it appeared to be based on sound-research. Even though the new findings seemed to undermine a basic assumption made by Einstein, the principle of equivalence that stemmed from Galileo's work, scientists said the hypothesized new force, called the hypercharge, was so weak and local that, if it did exist, it should not fundamentally alter Einstein's principles as the basic tool of modern cosmology. The other known forces are electromagnetism, gravity, and the strong and weak forces governing nuclear structure. The new analysis suggests that, contrary to Galileo's assertion, a feather would fall faster than a coin if dropped from the same height in a vacuum. This is because, in the new thinking, gravity is not the only force at work; there is also presumably something called hypercharge, which acts on objects of different compositions in ways to cause them to accelerate at slightly different rates. Dr. Ephraim Fischbach, the leader of the team of scientists who made the study, said: "When you see something as fundamental as a new force, it's likely to change many things. We will have to rethink many views of particle physics and cosmology." Dr. Robert Dicke, a Princeton University physicist and authority on Einstein's theories, said: "One has to be somewhat careful when you're dealing with something that's potentially revolutionary. But if this is right, it's extremely important. Block resigns Cabinet post By The New York Times WASHINGTON - John Block, the nation's chief farm policy administrator through five of the most turbulent years in the history of American agriculture, announced Tuesday that he was resigning as secretary of agriculture. Block, whose departure has been expected for weeks, said he offered his resignation Tuesday morning to President Reagan and was planning to leave office by mid-February. He said he would not return to his family's hog farm in Illinois, but declined to answer any other questions about his career plans. Late Tuesday afternoon, Reagan accepted the resignation. Reagan praised Block's tenure at the Department of Agriculture. "Yours has been a challenging assignment and you've handled it with great distinction," Reagan said. Reagan made no mention of a successor for Block. At a news conference, Block said his decision to resign was made late last year, after it became clear that the 1985 farm bill, which sets agricultural policy for the rest of the decade, would be approved by Congress. "I could see on the horizon one final, very important objective that I wanted to secure," Block said. "That was a farm bill that would be more market-oriented; that would provide for some reforms. "My objective was to carry the mail for the president, working with the Congress, forging that new bill. That task is complete. Now it is time to leave." Republican leaders praised Block's vision, and staff members at the Department of Agriculture said they admired his tenacity, especially in negotiations on Capitol Hill. But Block also had many critics. "I do not think he had a very good grasp of of what is needed for American agriculture and I think American agriculture has taken a nosedive while he's been secretary of agriculture," said Sen. John Melcher, D-Mont. Jim Hightower, the commissioner of agriculture in Texas, said Block "served as a mouthpiece for the most anti-farmer program in American history." "For Mr. Block's sake, I'm glad he's out of there," Hightower said. Since his appointment in early 1981, Block witnessed a fundamental restructuring of the nation's agricultural system caused in large part by a unyielding and volatile mix of agricultural and economic trends that developed in the 1960s and 1970s, and burst in the 1980s to the detriment of many American farmers. Agricultural historians say the only other period that compares with the current turmoil was in the Great Depression of the 1930s. For instance, the combination of the high value of the United States dollar overseas coupled with the increasing ability of other nations to feed themselves resulted in plummeting U.S. agricultural export sales. Dwindling exports coupled with overproduction in the United States has forced commodity prices sharply downward. Farmers say Block >< did Reagan's bidding By LINDA MOWERY-DENNING Great Plains Editor MINNEAPOLIS — Joe Jagger has a neighbor who usually refers to John Block as "blockhead." But Jagger is more kind to the man who was secretary of agriculture during one of the industry's more difficult tunes. "The secretary of agriculture, any secretary of agriculture, is a creature of the president and serves at his will," said Jagger, a Minneapolis farmer since 1946. "John Block was one of the few who was a farmer. I believe he's done the best he could, considering the difficulty of the job. "My guess is he probably did a better job for us than his successor will do." Block, a corn and hog fanner from Illinois, announced Tuesday he plans to resign next month as secretary of agriculture, a cabinet post he has held since Ronald Reagan became president. His action prompted a variety of reactions from Kansas farmers, many of whom have cursed Block over the years for his market- oriented approach to agriculture and his optimistic comments about economic conditions in rural America. "I think the history books will record that he sat over the collapse of agriculture," said farm activist Darrell Ringer, Quinter. "He has been as poor as any ag secretary we've ever had, but then John Block was just a puppet to the thinking of the Reagan Administration." Ringer said Block, who has not been popular with farm activist groups born during the worst depression agriculture has seen since the 1930s, carried the free market banner of the administration and groups such as the American Farm Bureau Federation. Instead, the secretary of agriculture should have been fighting for a moratorium on farm foreclosures and an alternative to the 1985 Farm Bill, Ringer said. The bill was signed last month by Reagan and could help decrease federal price supports on major commodities such as corn and wheat, he said. Ringer said Block probably had about as much influence as the secretary of labor when it came to a showdown with other Cabinet members. "Basically, the farmers and working people of this country aren't given any priority, especially in this administration," said Ringer, who was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Congress in 1984. Ivan Wyatt, president of the McPherson-based Kansas Farmers Union, agreed. "John Block was a good team player and he knew who his boss was," Wyatt said. "He has been a (See Block, Page 11) Parents ask hospital to let deformed baby die 'in peace' BOSTON (AP) — Three months ago, Lynn and Jack Bellingham thought they would do anything to save their deformed newborn son Ricky. But after approving 13 surgical procedures at a cost of $1 million, the couple is now preparing to go to court to demand that Children's Hospital relinquish control of the infant and let him "die in peace, not pain." "Enough is enough," said Lynn Bellingham, 26. "My question to the hospital is, 'What do they consider life?' The baby has a right to be at peace like any other human being." Ricky has been in intensive care since his birth Sept. 24, five weeks premature. He has a deformed esophagus and trachea, a liver infection, internal bleeding, blood clotting problems, an enlarged gall bladder and a hernia. He is sedated with morphine, connected to an artificial respirator and fed through a tube to his stomach. Doctors told the Bellinghams their son would need at least two more operations in the near future, and that his prognosis was uncertain. "Enough is enough. My question to the hospital is, 'What do they consider life? 1 The baby has a right to be at peace like any other human being." —Lynn Bellingham "Because of the infections, he has a decreased brain capacity, but we don't know how much," Lynn Bellingham said. Last week, the couple asked the hospital not to perform any further surgery and to remove intravenous feeding tubes. Lynn Bellingham said the hospital told her it was considering a court petition to gain custody of the boy to continue medical treatment. "We said, 'No surgery,' and the hospital told us to get a lawyer," she said. "We will fight it. It's a matter of principle. We had a right to bring a child into the world, and no one should have the right to tell us what's best." The Bellinghams said they are ready to file suit against the hospital as soon as it orders more surgery. Hospital officials refuse to discuss the case, citing the infant's right to privacy. But spokeswoman Nancy Collins said Tuesday that, in general, doctors make every effort to preserve life, even when hope is sparse. "We do not make decisions to preserve or terminate life based on social, economic or lifestyle reasons," Collins said. "It is hard to know when to stop treating a patient because in some cases, especially in pediatrics, things change for the better." Collins said the hospital tries to follow the wishes of parents whose children are termi- nally ill, but that if doctors think a child can be saved the hospital will petition a court for custody or emergency permission to continue medical treatment. Lynn Bellingham, who has two young children from a previous marriage, lives in suburban Marshfield with her husband, a 40-year- old construction worker. "In the beginning, we went along with everything the hospital wanted to do," she said. "We wanted this baby. It is my husband's first son." But she said they decided that the baby should be allowed to die when "we saw there was no hope for recovery." "He has a lot of problems, and we're talking about major problems," she said. "Even if he survives, there is no chance he would be normal. The baby should be allowed to die in peace, not pain. "The bills are just sitting here in a pile. At this point insurance has run out. But this isn't a matter of money."
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