Nation/World The Salina Journal Tuesday, January 7,1986 Page 5 Thousands of blacks lose jobs Mine fires 20,000 because of walkout JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) — The world's second largest platinum mine fired 20,000 of its black workers Monday and threatened to fire the other 10,000 if they did not end a walkout labeled illegal by management. Monday's firings halted most platinum production, said a spokesman for the General Mining Union Corp. Ltd., owner of Impala Platinum Holdings Ltd. The mine is in the nominally independent black homeland of Bophuthatswana, northwest of Johannesburg. The action is legal in the homeland, where employers can freely get rid of strikers. Also, the National Union of Mineworkers, the South African labor alliance of black miners, is not recognized in the homeland. South Africa alone recognizes Bophuthatswana as independent, though more of the homeland's people actually live in South Africa and not in the tribal area. The homeland policy, widely considered a maneuver to strip blacks of South African citizenship and confine them to 13 percent of the country's land, is one of the most hated aspects of apartheid. It was not clear what affect the firings might have on platinum supplies. The high-priced metal is widely used in jewelry but is also needed in modern weapons, jet planes and tools, The company set a deadline of Tuesday for the remaining 10,000 workers to return to work or be fired. Production figures are kept secret, but South Africa mining analysts reckon that Impala produces about 40 percent of this nation's platinum output. This racially troubled, mineral-rich nation is the world's largest single platinum producer, supplying 60 percent of global consumption. The world's largest producer of platinum also is in South Africa, Rustenburg Platinum Ltd. It was not likely that the dismissals would affect platinum prices. The dismissed workers failed to return to work Monday after a five- day walkout, said Impala's acting managing director, Gary Maude. Maude said the job action was over wages but he did not give specifics. A seasoned black miner can earn about $100 a month and receives food and lodging from the company. Police after Monday nightfall meanwhile reported black violence in seven townships, with one new . death, a black man burned to death near Cape Town. This appeared to be a ritual killing of someone suspected of collaborating with the apartheid system. ! The dismissals were certain to sour labor relations here just when a six- member U.S. congressional delegation arrived in Johannesburg for a . week-long, fact-finding tour. The representatives were Democrats William Gray of Philadelphia; Walter E. Fauntroy, the District of Columbia's non-voting delegate in Congress; Charles Hayes of Chicago, and Edolphus Towns of New York City's borough of Brooklyn; Democrat Peter Kostmayor of New Hope, Pa., and the lone Republican, Lynn Martin of Rockford.lll., a white. Before their visit ends Saturday, the six are to meet President P.W. Botha as well as foes of apartheid, the system of racial segregation by which 5 million whites govern 24 million voteless blacks. Bad switch delays shuttle launching Authorities surround inmate Ronald Bowles as he is taken from the Iowa prison on a stretcher. Assault teams rescue hostages after inmate riot at Iowa prison FORT MADISON, Iowa (AP) — Twenty officers armed with shotguns and tear gas stormed a cell- house at the Iowa State Penitentiary on Monday, rescuing seven guards taken hostage by inmates 90 minutes earlier, officials said. Three inmates were injured in the assault at the 152-year-old maximum security prison, and two former hostages received medical treatment for chronic problems, but it wasn't clear whether they had been hurt in the uprising. Prison officials said they had no indication of simmering troubles at the prison, which was not overcrowded, but Corrections Director Hal Farrier said a prison riot last week in West Virginia, where inmates held guards hostage to demand better treatment, might have contributed. "Those kinds of things have a way of spreading across the country," Farrier said. No shots were fired and no tear gas was used in the assault, which was ordered one hour after the uprising began with a prisoner in the 90-inmate cellhouse using a homemade knife to overpower a guard, take his keys and release other inmates, Farrier said. "Time is of the essence," Farrier said. "In riot situations, the longer inmates have to become organized, the more difficult it is for hostages." Four five-man squads approached the Cellhouse 19 segregation unit from all directions and burst through the door. Prison spokesman Ron Welder said the inmates dropped to the floor and the hostages were rescued. Inmates were locked into their cells as officials searched the prison. CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) For the second time in 17 days, the launch of the remodeled space shuttle Columbia was scrubbed Monday at the last minute, delaying for at least a day its return to space after more than two years. It was the fourth delay for the flight, which includes former Salina resident Steve Hawley. On Monday, a bad switch that blocked closure of a fuel valve halted the countdown 31 seconds before liftoff. On Dec. 19, it was even closer, 14 seconds, before a computer stopped the clock because of a faulty electronic part. The launch was rescheduled for 6:05 a.m. CST today. "We'll take another hard look at it overnight and come back tomorrow and do it right," launch director Gene Thomas told the astronauts, who had been in Columbia's cabin awaiting launch for nearly four hours. Mission commander Robert Gibson replied: "We understand perfectly, and we'll look forward to doing it with you again tomorrow." The seven astronauts emerged from the cabin several minutes later. A television shot showed them smiling and talking with launch pad technicians. The crew includes Rep. Bill Nelson, a Florida Democrat, who will fly as a congressional observer in his role as chairman of the House subcommittee on space science and applications. Besides Hawley, the others are Franklin Chang-Diaz, the first Hispanic-American astronaut; pilot Charles Bolden, George Nelson and Robert Cenker. During a five-day flight, they are to deploy an RCA communications satellite, conduct more than a dozen medical, materials processing and other experiments and make the first closeup observations from space of Halley's comet. It is the first of three consecutive shuttle missions that will study the comet. Monday's problem began as the countdown reached the two-minute, 55-second mark, when a valve was supposed to close on computer command to stop the flow of liquid oxygen into Columbia's fuel tank. When a sensor switch on the valve failed to show that it had closed, a launch controller checked pressures and flow rates and determined that it had indeed closed. The automatic closing of the valve signals the closing of a second valve, but that valve has its own logic system that only looks at the sensor readings. Authorities relax volcano alert BOGOTA, Colombia (AP) — The government lifted the state of "maximum alert" Monday in some areas near the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, which sent down a wall of mud in November that killed 25,000 people and began rumbling again several days ago. Victor Ricardo, head of the National Emergency Committee, said thousands of people were returning to their homes in three Andes Mountain towns but the alert remained in force in two others. Ricardo had said earlier Monday that the volcano showed signs of a possible new eruption that could be worse than the one that melted part of its snowcap Nov. 13 and sent a 150- foot-high wall of mud down the Lagunilla River. The mud spread out over the Armero Valley, burying the town of Armero and damaging others. About 50,000 people live in the area in which the emergency was lifted, and about 100,000 in the regions still under maximum alert. Ricardo said the scientific committee monitoring volcanic action reported a lessening of seismic activity in the 17,700-foot Nevado del Ruiz, but also noted that the change was slight and the danger of new eruptions and mudslides was not over. Sales of cars, trucks hit record level in '85 DETROIT (AP) - U.S. car and truck sales in 1985 broke a 7-year-old record and topped 15.7 million as imports soared and more Americans •drove away from showrooms in minivans, four-wheel drive wagons and pickups, according to company reports Monday. Car sales totaled more than 11 million, up 6.3 percent from 1984's healthy rate, with most of the increase going to imports from Japan and Europe. It was the fourth-best car sales year. Sales of domestic cars were up, but by a lesser rate at 3.2 percent. Even that gain was propped up with rebates and cut-rate financing in the last half of the year, showing the Big Three's renewed vulnerability to imported cars. Detroit's bright spot was light trucks, a category that includes Chrysler Corp.'s mini-vans, Jeep wagons and other utility vehicles often substituted for cars. They pushed overall truck sales to 4,669,700, breaking a record of 4,309,168 set in 1978. Added to estimated car sales of 11,040,976, it produced a car-truck record of 15,710,676, topping the previous record of 15,419,304, also set in 1978. Unlike cars, domestic trucks are protected by a 25 percent import tariff, which erases much of the estimated $2,000-a-vehicle cost ad- vantange of the Japanese. Top car sales honors went to General Motors Corp.'s subcompact Chevrolet Cavalier, with 431,031, % The best-selling vehicles were trucks, not cars. Chevrolet pickup sales were 476,048. Ford Motor Co., which didn't have any final sales figures available Monday night, was expected to surpass that with its F- Series pickup. "The baby boom generation has aged and is more affluent and is now supporting the market" for cars and trucks, said John Hammond, senior economist and auto analyst at Data Resources Inc. in Lexington, Mass. Changing tastes and the proliferation of vehicle types account for the differences in the market since the 1970s. Mini-vans, introduced less than three years ago by Chrysler, also sold well last year for latecomers GM and Ford. American Motors Corp. sold a record 181,389 Jeeps in 1985 and expects to break the record this year. Doe sworn in as Liberia's leader KANSAS TECHNICAL INSTITUTE CONTINUING EDUCATION & EVENING COURSES SPRING '86 Class No. Title Day Time Hours CP 2223 01 RPG MW 6:30-7:50 pm 3 This course introduces the student to the Report Program Generator (RPG) programming language, used primarily lor generation ol business reports such as payroll, statistical studies, accounts receivable, accounts payable, inventory and material accounting, and other business oriented applications. Lab work includes solution ol several business report problems. Prerequisites: BASIC. CP 2432 02 Commercial Software MW 4:00-4:50 pm 2 Analysis This course is designed to familiarize the student with commercial software for mainframe and microcomputers. Students will be introduced to industry programming procedures (or implementing and developing software packages. The student will be given "hands-on" experience and application on software packages to Include word processors, electronic spreadsheets and Integrated software packages. Software to be examined include Wordpro, Wordslar, Mulliplan and Lotus 1-2-3. Prerequisile: programming knowledge. 7:00-9:30 pm 3 CL 2143 01 Surveying Law Tu A study ol the legal aspects that apply to the surveying profession, and the role of the surveyor within the judicial framework ol our court system. Prerequisile: knowledge of surveying. MT1112 03 Technical Drafting MW 8:00-9:50 pm 2 Lettering, free-hand sketching, use ol drafting equipment. Theory and applications of orthographic projeclion and pictorial drawings. Standards lor symbols, section views, and dimensioning included. ET 1224 03 ET L 1224 04 AC Circuits AC Circuits Lab MW MW 7:00-7:50 pm 8:00-9:50 pm A study of Alternating Current circuits. Includes an analysis of the sine wave, polar and rectangular algebra, inductive and capacitive reactance, impedance networks, power factor correction, resonant circuits, and transformer theory. Also includes an introduction to three phase power dislribution. Laboratory exercises reinforce key concepls. Prerequisites: Direct Current Circuits or equivalent. OT1212 01 Plane Trloonomatry W 8:00-9:50 pm Fundamentals of College Trigonometry, including right and oblique triangle solutions, vectors, polar coordinates, angular velocities, trigonometric solutions in surveying and machine design, sine and cosine law. identify solutions, and conic sections. QT1213 04 College Algtbra MW 6:30-7:50 pm MONROVIA, Liberia (AP) Samuel K. Doe, who has ruled Liberia since a coup in 1980, was sworn in Monday as president — an office he won in a disputed election that was followed by a bloody attempt to overthrow him. One of Doe's first acts as president was to release 18 people arrested after the November uprising in this West African nation founded by freed American slaves Doe in 1847. Doe said they were turned loose because investigations had cleared them of involvement in the unsuccessful coup. Doe, 35, appealed for reconciliation in his inaugural address and expressed hope for continued friendship with the United States. He was an army sergeant in 1980 when he and other noncommissioned officers ousted the elected government, killing President William R. Tolbert and 13 top officials. He now is a major general. Until the coup by Doe and other indigenous tribesmen, the country had been governed by descendants of the freed slaves. The United States pressed him to return democratic rule in Africa's first republic or lose annual financial aid of about $90 million. "We have endeavored to foster friendship (with the United States) based on our historical ties, mutual cooperation and the social and cultural interaction among the people of our respective countries," Doe said in his inaugural address. Doe criticized the U.S. Congress, which threatened to withhold economic aid if Liberia did not move toward democracy. He said members of Congress had been unduly ' influenced by Liberian dissidents. "I pledge that the new republic will emphasize reconciliation, reconstruction and rehabilitation as its major objectives," he said. Doe spoke after he and Vice President Harry Moniba, a former ambassador to Britain, were sworn in for six-year terms. Doe is Liberia's 20th president. He held the title head of state in the regime of the National Redemption Council formed after the 1980 coup. The Oct. 15 election was conducted under rules drawn up by a commission Doe appointed. Two opposition parties were denied accreditation, but three were permitted to run against his National Democratic Party. Doe won 50.9 percent of the presidential vote, according to the commission's figures. His party won 21 of the 26 Senate seats and 51 of the 64 in the House of Representatives. Opposition parties claimed the vote-counting was rigged and threatened not to take their seats in Congress. Thomas Quiwonkpa, a fugitive former army general, led the coup attempt Nov. 12. There was fighting around Doe's official residence and at other points in Monrovia, the capital, before Doe's troops subdued the rebels and Quiwonkpa was killed. Doe charged several opposition figures with abetting the uprising. Course content Includes identifying number sets up to and including complex numbers, fundamental concepls of Algebra as a review, operations with algebraic fractions, exponents and radicals, logarithms, linear equations in one and multiple variables, linear functions and graphs, systems of equations, determinants, quadratic equations, and solutions involving higher degree equations. CH 1423 01 Material & Energy Balances TT 4:00-5:20 pm AP 1422 01 Computer-Numerical Tu 8:00-7:50 pm 2 Controlled Machine Processes This course is designed to give students exposure to basic CNC programming and machining operations. There are no prerequisites to this course although a background in fundamental metal machining processes as well as algebra and right angle trigonometry would be helpful. AP 1432 01 Computer-Aided Drafting MW 6:00-7:50 pm 2 Applications and understanding of microcomputers in lechnical drafting and design. Topics include generative graphics, hardware and software terminology, point plotting and line drafting, graphics, programming, geometric figures, dimensioning and annotating, and linished drawings. Prerequisite: knowledge of drafting. AP 2232 01 Introduction to Selected TT 8:00-9:50 pm 2 CAD Systems An analysis of several typical commercial compuler aided drafling (CAD) systems used on microcomputers. Students will be supplied software, manuals, and instruction on each system to be used, and given drafling assignments designed to promote learning of the system features and commands. Prerequisile: knowledge ol drafting. Prefer prior completion of Computer-Aided Drafting or permission of instructor. AP 1512 01 First-Line Management W 8:00-9:50 pm 2 This course is designed for current and prospective supervisors who have had little or no formal management training. A broad spectrum ol human relations and supervisory techniques will be covered, including employee psychology and motivation, leadership, team building, work assignments, discipline, moral, (raining, handling conllicl. evaluation and planning. AP 1412 01 Computer Fundamentals MW 8:00-9:50 pm 2 (Feb. 2 to April 2) AP 1412 02 Computer Fundamentals TT 8:00-9:50 pm 2 (Feb. 4 to April 3) This course Is designed for adults seeking to develop a broad, basic familiarity with computer technology. The course covers. 1) basic com- puler literacy, i.e. terminology, operations, hardware and peripherals, selection"criteria. 2) an introduction to the BASIC programming language and programming logic, and 3) analysis ol common software, including spread sheets, word processing data base programs. AP 1901 01 Basic 35mm Photography Tu 7:00-8:50 pm 1 (Feb. 11 to April 8) This course is designed for those who wish to advance beyond the "snapshot" stage ol photography. Topics include camera types and care, lens types and use, film characteristics and use. composilion, indoor and oul- door lighting, filters, closeups, and macros Material balance problem solutions by direct, algebraic and lie-component methods including recycle, bypass and purge calculations. Ideal and real gases, vapor pressure, saturation and humidity. Heat capacity, enthalphy change and steam-property evalualion. General energy balance Including energy balances with chemical reactions. Heat ol solution and mixing. Prerequisite: Applied Chemistry I. QT 1714 01 Written Communications M-F 4:00-4:50 pm 4 w/Developmental English This course covers the same topics as the standard Written Communications, with the addition ot supplemental material on basic grammar, punctuation, spelling and syntactical skills lor students who desire additional review in basic communications. QT 2713 01 Technical Writing MW 8:00-9:20 pm Technical Writing applies rhetorical skills to the special writing requirements ol business and industry. Course writings will include letter of application, operation manual, proposal, feasibility report, progress report, and research report. Prerequisite Written Communications ot equivalent QT1413 Supervisory Management TT 4:00-5:20 pm 3 An analysis ol the responsibilities of the supervisor, with an examination of the skills and practices helplul to developing ellective relations with people in a work setting. Topics include employee motivation and satisfaction, work group behavior, management processes, employee training and appraisal, handling discipline and resistance to change, and methods of improving productivity. QT 1523 02 Principles Accounting II TT 8:00-9:20 pm 3 A continuation ol Principles ol Accounting I with an inlreduction to accounting for partnerships and corporations. Included are costing, lorecastmg, deferrals, accruals, plant assets, partnership and corporate form of business organization, accounting controls, earnings, and dividends Prerequisite Principles ol Accounting t. QT 1622 01 Accounting Applications TT 6:30-7:50 pm 2 The primary objective ol the text and supplementary materials is lo bring together the teaching of fundamental accounting principles and the use ol a computerized accounting system Prerequisite Principles of Accounting I Enrollment for the spring 1986 semester will be at the Technology Center Monday, Jan. 13, from 8:45-11:30 am, 1:00-4:00 pm and 6:30-8:00 pm. Part-time and evening students may enroll and pay fees early from 5:30-8:00 pm Monday, Jan. 6 through Thursday, Jan. 9 at the Administration building. Classes begin Tuesday, January 14. Tuition for those enrolling In less than seven credits Is $25.00 per credit. Additional fees total $16.25 plus parking. Classes with enrollments less than ten may be cancelled. Call Admissions at 825-0275 for Information. SPECIAL NON-CREDIT WORKSHOP Session «1 Lotus 1-2-3 Workshop F 6:30 am-3:00 pm (Jan. 10,17 & 24) Session «2 Lotus 1-2-3 Workshop MW 6:45 pm-9:00 pm (Jan. 20-Feb. 5) This intensive workshop will give a workshop knowledge ol the' Lotus 1 -23 software package capabilities It is designed lor beginners as well as intermediate Lotus 1-2-3 users Each person will be guided through a series ol exercises focusing on various Lotus operations and applications Topics include 1) Basic operations, 2) Formulas. Formatting. Ranges. 3) Editing. Printing, Files, 4) Graphics, 5) Database Management. 6) What-ll Analysis, and 7) Macros Each person will have a microcomputer to work with throughout the training. Enrollment limited to 15 To enroll, call KTI Continuing Education at 825-0275.
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