The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on January 9, 1963 · Page 1
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 1

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Wednesday, January 9, 1963
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OTTAWA HERALD VOL. 67 NO. 25 OTTAWA, KANSAS WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1963 7 CENTS TWELVE PAGES A "Scorched Earth" Policy Is Threatened By Tshombe Nice Now But Tomorrow; Another Day ».-' TOPEKA (AP) - Kansas' unseasonably mild weather will continue through tonight but cooler temperatures and considerable cloudiness are predicted Thursday across the state. High temperatures today were expected to hit the 60s with tonight's lows from 25-30 degrees in the northeast to near 40 southeast. Highs Thursday, despite the cooling, are predicted for the 50s, still above average for this time of year. No precipitation is predicted with the increase of clouds as they enter the state from the north. Highs Tuesday ranged from 58 degrees at Olathe and Concordia to 71 at Russell. Early morning lows were from 24 at Abilene and Topeka to 43 at Pittsburg. Will Fight, He Warns, If UN Attacks Kolwezi ELISABETHVILLE, Katanga, the Congo (AP)—President Moise Tshombe declared today he intends to scorched fight earth back with a policy if the Wheat Crop Looks Good TOPEKA (AP)-The 1963 Kansas wheat crop is in good to excellent condition though cold weather has frozen back top growth and limited pasturing, the Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service said Tuesday. Rain and snow last week provided some much needed moisture for the crop in western parts of the state. Livestock is going into the year in excellent condition and making good gains with adequate feed supplies from pastures and stored grain and roughage. United Nations attacks Kolwezi, the war headquarters he quit only Tuesday to return to Elisabeth- ville. Katangans have every major industrial installation mined and ready for demolition, Tshombe told a news conference a few hours after the British government made public in London a statement from him indicating he would give up the fight for a free Katanga. The mercurical secessionist leader broached again at the news conference the possibility oi negotiations, on which he hac been snubbed by the United Na tions. "On the matter of liberty o movement of the United Nations —that's one of the subjects we can discuss," he said. "We are men of good will." The British-issued Tshombe declaration, reported drawn up after British and Belgians con ferred with him Tuesday, hai been received with suspicion a U.N. headquarters in New Yorl since it has become standard per formance for Tshombe to agre with every one in sight one da and forget all about it the next Tshombe was quoted as sayin in it: "I have come back to Elisa bethville with the sole purpose o bringing back as early as possibl aim and peace to Katanga and army)," o all its people. said. "This consists essentially in apidly applying the U Thant plan for Congo unity) without new ffusions of blood and useless lestruction. "It follows from this that I shall ibstain in these circumstances rom any declaration hostile to the United Nations." U.N. sources in New York said Secretary-General U Thant was reacting with extreme caution in view of contradictory statements made by Tshombe in the past. These sources suggested Tshombe could demonstrate cooperation with the United Nations t>y ordering his gendarmerie to surrender Kolwezi. the U.N. spokesman Tshombe announced he is going "hursday to Mokambo, 85 miles southeast of Elisabethville for two >urposes. These are to consult members of his government here, including Interior Minister tcdefroid Munongo, and to lead jack thousands of refugees shel- :ering on the Northern Rhodesian jorder. But Tshombe's frustrated. plan may be The U.N. Congo command proposes to drive down the railroad to Mokambo either tonight or Thursday to clear out pockets ol Katangan gendarmes who are reported to have cut the tracks in several places. Union Miniere said two dams While interest centered on Ka tanga, bloody tribal fighting ran on in neighboring Kasai. Centra Congolese army Gen. Victor Lun dula reported more than 4,00( Congolese have been killed. Trav elers coming from the area sak flames from burning villages had reddened the night sky. Informed sources said a battalion of Central Congolese troops had revolted in the industrial diamond-mining town of Bakwan- ga against the provincial president of South Kasai, Joseph Ngalula. A U.N. spokesman in Leopoldville said U.N. forces are not involved, but preliminary advices indicate the situation "is not good." "At present it's a matter for the A.N.C. (Congolese national Political Battle Near As Congress Opens By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP)-The unpredictable 88th Congress swung into action today. Families, friends and the merely curious packed the galleries of both branches to watch the colorful ceremonies of swearing in new and re-elected members. But in the offing—for a likely midafternoon decision—was a grim political battle to determine whether the House will set up its Rules Committee in such size and complexion that it will not bottle up President Kennedy's major legislative proposals. Kennedy got earlier assurances at a White House meeting of Democratic leaders that this will be done. He also got their promise they will make every effort to put through program. a constructive The President will outline his requests in a personally delivered message on the State-of-the-Union Monday. Senate leaders reached informal agreement to wait until after that time before members begin wrangling over whether to change j he rules to make it easier to kill off a filibuster. This effort is certain to provoke a filibuster. Republicans challenged the Democrats' confident predictions that Kennedy will get a major share of his program through what could be a lengthy session. They looked to conservative Democrats to help them defeat some proposals and water down others In the Senate, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson banged the gavel to get the session underway. In the House, this duty fell on Clerk Ralph R. Roberts. For the moment, the House was without any elected officers and its first order of business was to organize —mainly meaning to go through the formality of electing Rep. John W. McCormack, D-Mass., as speaker. McCormack was speaker in the last Congress. Senate Democrats, at a pre- re-elected Sen of Montana session caucus, Mike Mansfield their floor leader, and Sen. Hu as Your School Questions See Future Need For Large Site ' Q. — Since 40 acres have been purchased for a high school site, has the board considered using part of the land for a future grade school site? A. — No. The board feels that eventually the entire 40 acres will be needed for high school purposes.. It must be remembered that the board is considering the needs not just for the next few years, but for the next 30 years. This is the reason for the purchase of a tract of land which might seem large at this time. In addition, several years ago the board purchased a square block, between 14th and 15th, Ash and Cypress, as a hedge against future growth in the southwest part of the city. It is located a block south of the high school site. This block would be used sometime in the future as a grade school area if growth of the city warrants such an expenditure. The board has no plans now to build another grade school. (If you have a question alwut the new high school, write The Herald or the superintendent of schools, and an attempt will be made to answer it.—The Editor) >ert H. Humphrey of Minnesota as assistant leader or party whip. They also re-elected Sen. eorge A. Smathers of Florida as secretary of the Senate Democratic conference. Southern Senators, at a meeting Tuesday, had unanimously requested Smathers o reconsider his announced intention to quit that post. Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., had said he understood Smathers felt he should resign because of criticism that he did not vote with the administration enough. Among the House visitors was Edward McCormack, nephew of the speaker, who lost a bid for the U.S. Senate to President Kennedy's brother, Edward, in last fall's Massachusetts primary. There was a festive air throughout the Capitol and the adjoining office buildings as the opening hour approached. Visitors crowded the corridors and many of the new members held open house, complete with coffee and doughnuts, or stronger beverages. As an opponent to Rep. McCormack for the speakership, the Republicans put forward their party leader, Rep. Charles A. Halleck of Indiana. But, since speakership elections always go on party lines, it was just a gesture. The House lineup in the new Congress is 258 Democrats, 176 Republicans and one vacancy. In the Senate, the party division is 67 Democrats and 33 Republicans. With the preliminaries out of and power stations in the Kolwezi region which provide more than three-fourths of Katanga's hydroelectric power have been mined. The company said Tshombe's gendarmerie occupy its pits and plants in the area. With only five days remaining before Secretary-General U Thant's deadline for reintegrating Katanga into the Congo, the United Nations must decide whether to brook further delays in order to prevent serious destruction. Tshombe didn't say what would cause him to give the signal to blow up the mines and utilities of the rich copper-producing region. He has threatened before to resort to scorched-earth tactics rather than accept forced reintegration into the Congo. U.N. forces have all but shattered Tshombe's military resources in a drive that began late last month. Representatives of the central Congo government followed the U.N. armies and have begun to take over the provincial administration. There was no immediate word from the United Nations on how it proposed to deal with Tshombe's threatened sabotage. When he arrived in the capital, Tunisian United Nations troops withdrew from the presidential palace and Katangan gendarmes resumed duty there. Ralph J. Bunche, U.N. undersecretary, left by plane to tour northern Katanga. He has said that he and Tshombe had nothing to talk about. Nearly 400 Congolese and two Belgians were reported killed in the outbreak of fighting in south Kasai, where tribal conflict is chronic. Annual Meetings At Banks Ottawa's two national banks held annual meetings yesterday afternoon, followed by meetings of boards of directors. At the First National Bank, the board approved an increase of $75,000 in its surplus account. This brings that account to $200,000. Capital stock is $125,000 while undivided profits and reserves total $208,600. Officers and directors of the bank are R. M. Clogston, president; R. S. Hanes, executive vice president; W. A. Swift, vice president; C. W, Hegberg, vice president; W. E. Hegberg, vice president; J. J. Chandler, chashier. Other directors are C. M. Ott, A. W. Chandler and Mrs. Elizabeth Clogston. Other officers are H. A. Letchworth, Frances 0. Jones and Mrs. R. D. Mahoney. At the Peoples National Bank the only change was the addition of Bob Winchester as assistant vice president. Other officers and directors are George E. Lister, PLANNING GET-TOGETHER — Three Franklin County officials discuss plans for tomorrow's visit of officials from 17 counties in Southeast District of Kansas Officials Council. Council members meet quarterly in different county seat. Pictured (from left) are register of deeds; Mrs. Wanda Baird, social welfare director, and Almeda (Herald Photo) Mrs. Ofclita Ivey, Sinclair, treasurer. Questions Legality Of Bill To Cut House Membership president; W. B. DeVilbiss, chairman of the board; C. P. Burrows, executive vice president; J. W. Dickerson, vice president and cashier; Margaret S. Hudelson, assistant cashier. Oth er directors are Robert B. Anderson, Ransom Bennett Jr., Milo M. Hewitt, Thomas F. Porter and William W. Wallace. Other officers are Alma Schweitzer, Maxine Lichtenberger and W. G. Ransom Jr. Tauy's Toot Could stand a few more days like this one, say about 10,950. In Party Labels TOPEKA (AP) - Atty. Gen. William M. Ferguson today expressed concern over legality of a proposed bill to reduce membership in the Kansas House of Representatives from 125 to 105. Ferguson, who is now involved as attorney general in a suit attacking present legislative apportionment, withheld further comment. He said he has not seen a draft of the bill or talked to sponsors. However, he told newsmen he is concerned whether the reported bill would conflict with the U.S. Constitution. The Kansas House for a number of years has had 125 members, one for each of the 105 counties and 20 more divided among the more populous counties. Rep. Ross Doyen, R-Rice, said Tuesday he is prepared to introduce a bill to reduce the House, placing it solely on the basis of area. The Senate is expected to reapportion itself this year on the basis of population. Ferguson, on other matters, said his proposed bill on search and seizure will not be put in final form until Feb. 1 at least. The bill is designed to meet requirements set in a U.S. Supreme Court ruling several months ago. The attorney general said he is sending copies of the proposal w county attorneys throughout the state to get their opinions and suggestions. The county attorneys hold their annual meeting here Jan. 28 and he will not submit it until after that dale. Ferguson is also sponsoring bills to tighten the state's gambling laws and to permit multi- county financing of juvenile detention homes. Purpose of the gambling law measure is to tighten control over certain types of marble boards, making the machine itself illegal rather than having to base a charge on illegal payments for obtaining a high score. Fire Forces Evacuation Of Empire State Building TOPEKA (AP) — Two repre- senatives took a ribbing today in the Kansas House because a legislative directory erroneously reversed their party affiliations. Rep. Thomas Van Cleave, D- Kansas City, was listed as a Republican, and Rep. Dick Vanlandingham, R-Spivey, was listed as a Democrat. The Republican floor leader, Rep. Bill Fribley, R-Crestline, took the microphone to congratulate Van Cleave "because he has finally seen the light. We welcome him to the Republican party. The Democratic floor leader, Rep. Joseph Mikesic, D-Kansas City, wasn't so ready to accept the trade. He said Vanlandingham would have to undergo scrutiny by an admissions committee before the Democrats would give him a seat on their side. NEW YORK (AP)— A troublesome fire whipped through a pipe shaft running the height of the 102-story Empire State Building today, shooting flames into offices an eighth of a mile above the ground. Firemen closed two floors of the building—the world's tallest— as they continued finding and fighting smouldering blazes. No injuries were reported. The building was twice evacuated, the first time before dawn, the second time when the bulk of the 16,000 people who man the 910 offices in the super-skyscraper had begun to arrive for work. In all, 60,000 persons normally move through the man-made colossus each day. By 9 a.m., the building was finally reopened, but firemen continued to bar persons from the 66th and 67th floors. Flames had badly damaged offices on the 64th, 65th and 66th floors, and at one time or another, evidence of fire was seen on eight floors. A tower atop the building houses the transmitting antennae of all seven New York City television stations, as well as some stations. Several stations also have transmitting equipment in the building, and for a time WNBC- TV, the local NBC affiliate, was forced off the air as its engineers joined the evacuees. Also knocked out for a short period was a local radio station, WNEW-FM. It was the second fire reported in the building in a week. A minor blaze broke out Monday and was put out by the Fire Department. The mammoth structure, first opened in 1931, is as symbolic of this bustling city as the Eiffel Tower is of Paris. It was the scene of a major disaster in July, 1945, when an Army bomber flying through fog crashed into its 79th floor and exploded. Thirteen persons were killed. Elect Library Board Officers the way, the House plunges into a battle Kennedy is favored to win over the size and political complexion of the Rules Committee, which calls the signals for action on major legislation. A decision was expected by midafternoon on whether to fix the membership of the committee at 15. This would give Kennedy nominal assurance that liberal-leaning representatives could outvote a conservative coalition of Democrats and Republicans and thus get major administration measures before the House. Harold Crawford was elected president of the library board at he annual meeting Monday evening. Also elected were Mrs. Ben Park, vice president; Louise Chandler, secretary, and James Chandler, treasurer. Other board members are Lyman Corlis Jr. Mrs. John Kelsey and Don Madtson. It was reported that during 1962, 73,029 books, magazines or other pieces of reading material were checked out. The number was an increase of 6,037 over the previous year. Nell Barnaby, librarian, also reported that the 1962 figure is more than double that of 10 years ago. The checkouts included 47 interlibrary loans, according to Miss Barnaby. She explained that if the library does not have a desired book, it is usually possible to borrow it from another library. Of the 967 new borrowers during the past year, 327 were rural Rural residents are permittee Would Reduce House Number TOPEKA (AP) - Rep. Ross Doyen, R-Rice, said Tuesday he is prepared to introduce a bill in the House of Representatives to reduce the size of the House to 105 members, one for each county. There are 125 House members, one for each county plus 20 distributed among the state's larger counties. The Legislature is expected to reapportion the Senate this year on the basis of population. The legislators face the possibility of reapportionment by court action if they fail to do so. The Doyen bill would place House apportionment solely on the basis of area. Alarm Over Red Gains In Viet Nam SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP)-Adm. Cong battle casualties are treat- Harry D. Felt arrived today for talks on against U. S. the course of the war Communist guerrillas. HAROLD CRAWFORD ment of a one-dollar fee and registration for a card. Miss Bamaby reported that 1,256 new books were added. Seventy-eight of these books were memorial and gift books. A project completed in December was re-decoration of the children's room. Plans were discussed for a new method of checking out books, to Bowers Heads Water Group Senator William S. Bowers, of Ottawa, continues as chairman of the Senate Water Resources Committee in the new session of the Kansas Legislature, now starting. Announcement of committee chairmen was made following the organization of the legislature yesterday. Senator Bowers has held chairmanship of the water sources years. the re- committee for several use of library material upon pay-1 be in operation soon. PrescripUoiis-Kaney, CII 2-3002 Adv. and Vietnamese commanders arc seriously worried about the impact of recent Communist victories. Felt, commander of U. S. forces in the Pacific, comes here regularly but this visit has added importance because top military commanders here are taking a close new look at the war that has been in progress since 1958. Out of the talks may come an increasing use of air strikes to soften up objectives before an attack by ground troops. Another prospect is the likelihood of speedier delivery of economic support to newly organized strategic hamlets, set up to defend the loyal population. In fighting today, the Vietnamese air force attacked a Communist Viet Cong medical center with napalm and rockets near the Cambodian border, 60 miles northwest of here. The region is regarded as a key Viet Cong headquarters. U. S.-made B26 bombers ran into heavy machine gun ground- fire but none was reported hit. The medical center, where Viet ed, was reported destroyed. Felt will confer with Gen. Paul D. Harkins, commander of American forces in South Viet Nam, and with Nguyen Dinh Thuan, Vietnamese defense minister, among others. Traffic Toll TOPEKA (AP)-Kansas traffic death log: 24 hours to 9 a.m. Wednesday— 0. For January—8. For 1963—8. Comparable 1962 period—9. The Weather COUNTY FORECAST - Con- siderahle cloudiness Thursday. Turning colder northern area tonight. Colder over all area Thursday. Low tonight 20s. High Thursday 45-50. High temperature yesterday, 63; low today, 26; high year ago today, 9; low year ago today, 1 below zero; record high this date, 68 In 1902; record low this date, 8 below zero in 1913; hourly temperatures, 24 hours ending 8 a.m., today: 9 H. m. . Ill a. m. . 11 a. in. . Noon 1 p. m. . 2 p. m. 3 p. m. , 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. I p. m. .37 .41 .45 ..51) ..55 ,.60 ..61 .62 ..58 ..53 ..51 ..60 9 p. m. 10 p. in. 11 p. m. Midnight 1 u. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m, 7 a. m. 8 a. m. ..48 ..47 ,.43 ..38 ..36 ..33 ,.34 ..35 ..33 ..30 ..38 ..ai

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