The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 6, 1986 · Page 1
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 1

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Monday, January 6, 1986
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Home Edition — 25 Cents 'Journal Salina, Kansas MONDAY January 6,1986 114th year-No. 6— 16 Pages Arab nations to back Libya against attack TUNIS, Tunisia (AP) - The Arab League has vowed to support Libya if the United States or Israel attack that North African Arab nation in retaliation for the Dec. 27 terrorist raids at two airports, League sources said Sunday. In a communique issued Sunday, the 21 active members of the Arab League — Egypt was suspended after making peace with Israel — said only that the organization had taken "appropriate measures" on the issues before it. Sources at the League, however, said the delegates had expressed "their total support for Libya in the event that this country is the object of any kind of foreign aggression.'' The sources said the participants discussed Libya's fear of American and Israeli retaliation for the airport attacks in Rome and Vienna, and said any attack would challenge the entire Arab community. The United States and Israel have accused Libya of supporting the Abu Nidal Palestinian faction, which claimed responsibility for submachine-gun and grenade attacks on travelers near El Al Israel Airlines check-in counters. Nineteen people were killed, including five Americans and four ter- rorists, and about 120 people were wounded in the twin attacks. The communique said participants discussed "threats by the United States against Libya," but did not detail what "appropriate measures" were taken on issues. A Tunisian diplomatic source said: "The measures were not revealed because of the difference of approach of the participants concerning the questions under discussions." The Arab League was founded to strengthen relations among Middle East member nations in political, cultural, and economic affairs, and to mediate disputes involving members. In Tel Aviv, Israel radio reported that Libya went to a state of high alert, manning anti-aircraft guns and telling pilots to be ready to fly at any time. In Tel Aviv, a senior Israeli government official was quoted by Israel radio on Sunday as saying that Israel has no intention of going to war against Libya and would not join an American attack. In Israel, his comments were viewed as a reaction by some officials to U.S. expectations that Israel should retaliate against Libya for the airport attacks. Khadafy: Palestinians aren't trained in Libya By The New York Times TRIPOLI, Libya - Col. Moammar Khadafy said Sunday that there are no Palestinian training camps in Libya and that his country had not been directly involved in the attacks by Palestinian terrorists at the Rome and Vienna airports last month. But the Libyan leader reiterated his support for the Palestinian people's cause and defended such attacks as part of their struggle to liberate their homeland from the Israelis. Khadafy He also warned the United States that American retaliation against Libya for the raids could set off "World War III." Today Inside AN EXUBERANT CHICAGO Bears fan ignores a subzero windchill factor Sunday to root his team to a 21-0 victory over thfe New York Giants in an NFL playoff game. New England also was a winner, beating the Los Angeles Raiders, 27-20. See Sports, Page 9. Classified 13,14 Entertainment 16 Fun 15 Living Today 6 Local/Kansas 3 Nation/World 5 On the Record 7 Opinion 4 Sports... 9-11 Weather 7 Weather KANSAS — Partly cloudy and cold today. Highs 30 to 35 north and about 40 southwest. Mostly cloudy tonight, lows in the teens. Khadafy said he had put his armed forces on full alert in response to what he said was the movement toward Libya of a carrier group from the U.S. Sixth Fleet, and was prepared to fight, if necessary, to protect Libya from American or Israeli aggression. In a 35-minute impromptu news conference, Khadafy declined to deny categorically that Libya had been directly or indirectly involved in the airport attacks by providing money, weapons, or logistical support for the raids. But he went to seemingly unusual lengths to distance Libya from the Palestinian attacks. Khadafy said, for example, that the raids had cost the Palestinian cause needed support. He also repeatedly said that Libya was "not responsible" for the "tactics" used by Palestinian groups. He said that such attacks would not have been "legal" had they been conducted by Libya or by any other "independent state," rather than by Palestinian "freedom fighters." Finally, he sought to distinguish between Libya's staunch support for the Palestinian cause and for Palestinian groups in general, and purported Libyan involvement in the raids, which Western intelligence analysts believe were carried out by the Palestinian renegade Abu Nidal and the militant faction he heads, the Fatah Revolutionary Council. Khadafy flatly denied that there were Palestinian guerrilla training camps in Libya, as both Israeli and American officials have said. Salinan Roy Hough keeps watch for the pygmy nuthatch... Photos by Craig Chandler Rare bird hangs around Salina home By JIM BOLE Staff Writer The bird that frequents the backyard of Charles and Ivy Marsh is unusual — it's the only bird of its kind in Saline County, and it often hangs upside down on branches and tree trunks. The Marshes, 2010 Ridglea, saw a pygmy nuthatch, a small bluish- gray and white bird, on one of their bird feeders a few days before Christmas. The bird has been coming back ever since. It is the first pygmy nuthatch that has been spotted in Saline County, and one of the few sightings of the bird in Kansas, according to Roy Hough, who compiled the results of this year's Smoky Hill Audobon Society annual Christmas Day bird count. Of the 55 species spotted during the Christmas count, the pygmy nuthatch was the only species that had never been recorded in Saline County, Hough said. Other pygmy nuthatches have been seen in Linn, Morton and Sedgwick counties in previous years, and one was spotted in Geary County this Christ- ... as a starling puts on a show in the Marshes' birdbath. mas. "It's not rare or endangered species, but somehow it ended up here," said Nancy Clark, president of the society. Pygmy nuthatches usually are found in the mountains of the western United States, in pine forests between 3,000 to 10,000 feet in elevation. One of the species' unusual characteristics is to hang upside down on trees as if search- ing for insects to eat. The bird will either make Salina its home or try and wander back west, Clark predicted. Charles Marsh said three things can be learned from Salina's pygmy nuthatch. "One, birds obviously do not read field guides," he said. "Two, when you see something, you should always take another look. And three, because Kansas is in the middle of the United States, you'll find some eastern birds that wander west and some western birds that wander east." The pygmy nuthatch is the rarest bird to visit the Marshes' backyard, which has had several bird feeders and a heated birdbath for about 10 years. The Marshes are avid bird watchers. Besides participating in monthly Audobon activities, they keep their eyes peeled for feathered animals wherever they go. "Bird watching makes you more aware of everything that is around you," Charles Marsh said. They enjoy the sport because it gives them a greater appreciation of nature. Other bird watchers — called "listers" — enjoy spotting as many species as possible, so they can add ' to the lists of birds they have seen, Clark said. People list the birds they've seen each year, in a particular state, in their lifetime and other catagories, Clark said. Authorities blame leak on overfilled tank WEBBERS FALLS, Okla. (AP) — A chemical tank at a nuclear facility was too full when it cracked and leaked 14% tons of radioactive gas, killing one man and hospitalizing dozens who breathed potent acid fumes, authorities said Sunday. Saturday's leak at a plant that processes uranium fuel sent a cloud of poison gas as far as 18 miles. More than 100 people were treated for exposure to the gas, and 1-40 was closed for two hours as the cloud dissipated. On Sunday, six federal investigators were at the Sequoyah Fuels Corp. plant, which remained closed. Twenty-six people hospitalized overnight were released, but eight others remained hospitalized in stable or good condition. All but nine of those admitted were plant workers. The leak of uranium hexafluoride apparently occurred after a cylinder was accidently overloaded, said Dick Bangart, director of the Division of Radiation Safety and Safeguards for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. "For this kind of facility, this is one of the most severe accidents that they can have," he said. The cylinder, designed to hold 27,500 pounds of the mildly radioactive material, was filled with 29,500 pounds before employees realized they had improperly placed it on a scale, Bangart said at a news conference in Muskogee. Workers heated the cylinder in an attempt to remove the excess gas, Bangart said. The container then ruptured and all the gas spewed out. The employee who died was on a platform above the cylinder and downwind of the poison plume, Bangart said. "It took him such a length of time (to escape the cloud) that he could notavoid (overexposure),"hesaid. The gas had a nauseating odor and "your throat burned," said Bill Kassinger, 38, an electrician for a construction company working on an expansion at the plant. Sequoyah officials could not be reached for comment. Officials at the parent company, Kerr McGee Corp. of Oklahoma City, said little. Kerr McGee spokeswoman Donna McFarland said Saturday.the plant would not resume uranium processing until the NRC and other agencies, including Kerr-McGee, complete their investigation. Joseph Fouchard, spokesman for the NRC in Washington, D.C., said he did not know if it was the first death from the making of uranium reactor fuel, but said there had been other deaths in the industry since it began in the 1940s with the Manhattan Project. When released into the atmosphere, uranium hexafluoride breaks down into hydrogen fluoride and slightly radioactive uranyl fluoride particles, McFarland said Saturday. Toxic hydrogen fluoride combines with moisture in the air to form hydrofluoric acid, which is strong enough to etch glass. Antarctica's perilous beauty attracts crowd of visitors By The Associated Press "Had we lived, I should have had a tale to tell." — Robert Falcon Scott, 1912. Scott's last regret is a poignant epitaph for the eight American tourists and two Chilean crewmen who perished nearly 74 years later in a chartered aircraft across Antarctica from the site of his own tragedy. The British navy captain wrote those words in his diary as he and three fellow explorers lay dying in a tent, trapped by a snowstorm 40 miles from their Ross Island base. Scott had reached the South Pole only to discover a Norwegian flag planted by Roald Amundsen, who had beaten him there by 35 days. Amundsen was the first man to reach the pole, on Dec. 14,1911. Today the pioneer age of polar exploration is over. The continent is becoming more accessible, but its killer instincts are untamed. Each austral summer, a growing crowd of scientists, settlers, sightseers, mountain climbers and other adventurers risk Antarctica's severity for a glimpse of its beauty—and a tale to tell back home. But there has been tragedy. Ships strengthened to resist ice are trapped and crushed by it. Tractors plunge through ice and sink in frigid waters. Fifty-one American aircraft have crashed in four decades of Antarctic duty, and many buildings at U.S. bases are named for victims. Scientific stations are vulnerable to fire, like the fatal 1982 winter blaze at the Soviet Union's Vostok outpost, the coldest spot on earth. Most of the deaths happened in a single 1979 crash, when Air New Zealand's "flight to the end of the world" struck the Mt. Erebus volcano on Ross Island, killing all 257 tourists aboard. A Chilean airline charter flight to the country's air force base on King George Island last week also met with misfortune. The eight American travelers on board had packed tuxedos for a New Year's Eve celebration. It was to be their first night on the only continent none had ever visited. The 20 Chilean air force families who live there year-round had invited them to a formal dinner under the midnight sun. Another sign, it seemed, that Antarctica was becoming civilized. But the elements intervened. A fog bank forced the pilot to abort a landing approach to the base. In Antarctica, there are no alternate airfields, so he had to try landing again. The twin-engine Cessna crashed into a glacial hillside on another island a few miles away, and no one survived. Various motives lure people to this forsaken continent, the coldest, driest and windiest of all. For well-to-do globetrotters, such as last week's crash victims, it's the only place left to see. For scientists, it's a pristine laboratory, the closest thing on earth to conditions on other planets. For the volunteer settlers spending two years at Lt. Marsh Base, it's a challenging family experience that supports Chile's territorial claims. But above all, it's the unforgettable sights — the penguins bursting out of the water and hopping ashore on their feet, the frozen motion of timeless glaciers, the mountain peaks visible 100 miles a way. "The stark beauty of this place is overwhelming," said Catherine Miller of Hagerstown, Md., a tourist. "I feel so privileged. Next to landing on the moon, this is it." Thirteen Antarctic Treaty nations employ several thousand people at 36 year-round scientific stations, most of them clustered in groups around the continent's edges. They are to be joined this year by three newcomers: Brazil, India and the Greenpeace Foundation. By 1980, according to a British study, 31,000 tourists, adventurers and other visitors had flown over, sailed past or set foot on Antarctica since 1956, an average of 1,240 per year. This month, three British explorers are retracing Scott's footsteps from Ross Island to the pole. Despite last week's accident, the Chilean government is promoting three Antarctic charter flights to its air base in March. There is talk in Australia of resuming sight-seeing overflights, suspended from there and New Zealand after the 1979 disaster. It seems certain that more and more travelers will be lured to Antarctica. And if they live, they shall have tales to tell.

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