The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on December 13, 1946 · Page 18
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 18

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Friday, December 13, 1946
Page 18
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<-"''--'•*:< J -w>;-. •"• *x»-,--«-, -U ;«. Califorriian ALFRED II ARRELL IDITOB i.\D PUBLISHES . !, California, as second clasi !er the act j>£ Congress March Z, 1879. further/ to., emphasize,' the;';See*d?>jiere T for fltfPflf PT* IpaiffinTl^-f w ^rl-ni-rrtnsf^ ««-!."—."^l^^Lli^l _~-_^ Jl"l_''! By Jo?ia'«eUyeryor postal zones In state of Californlaf 11.09 per month) .«ix months,"- $8; yearly rate, $11. «rictlv In advance. - By ma^ outside state . •ot-Californln, Jl-25 per month. " FRENCH PREMIER 'T7»p?CTiON this .week of France's Leon Blum JL/as temporary premier of a "crisis government"'served. to, emphasize again the ? Iafck:qf harmony-in French politics, a manifestation of discord jwhich has lasted "from . 193011o the current writing. It will be re- meinbered that M. Blum was the head, as a sooaHst, of what was called the "popular "front" regime in France's pre-war govern- -m'ent. ' , - .France, a land.of extensive and studied political recriminations, the integrity of M. Blum was not impeached, but as head-, of the popular front government he displayed himself as an indecisive, vacillating,'Hamlet-like statesman whose leadership was no ted °not so much for steady political .courses as discourses and discord. Now as a compromise premier he heads ^ France again while bitter, postwar interne- , cine factions marshal then* forces for further discord." ,, All of which' serves to emphasize what t was France's outstanding" weakness in- the years preceding the war, and a weakness ' which continues to flourish, paradoxical , though the assertion may be. This weakness is, of course, an almost complete Jack of-harmony in French politics, a consistent inconsistency, a potent and prevailing discord, a disunity which seems to flourish in French politics as well as any place in the . world. - v M. Blum's election followed two weeks of bickering and deadlock during which MauHce Thorez, the communist leader, tried to get a majority. As a transient compromise the warring factions finally agreed upon M. Blum as a temporary Jeader. The disunity of France achieved new emphasis in the outcome reported this week. The difficulties of France, her inability to agree upon .anything governmental, resulted in her failure at the outset of the Second World War to achieve any coherence as a nation. f The sad debacle of once-proud France could well serve,by analogy to illustrate the "necessity for-an enhanced harmony in,our own "government. We await the advent of a new Congress, a Congress to be confronted byjabor troubles, debts the greatest in our history,, policies affecting international relations, a final resolution of our war treaties and the complexities of peace settlements and many other international and domestic problems; 'The need for accord, for political harmony has never ieen more imperative. As an incentive to its achievement" we can, contemplate France and the deterioration which ensues when inimical viewpoints refuse to be'reconciled. We can hope -that the new Congress," when it is convened, will extend its' grasp of our problems, sharpen its perception, and .accentuate its collective faculties "to the extent that they meet the demand for genuine statesmanship in the interest.of the exception -, of the atomic It v?as also stressed aV^&e : >meetmg that highwaxjpatrols such as ^^thatueVlheha^d- highwaxjpatrols such astbat'unf working direction of -Captaini €eRoyf Gaiyen, * need -more men. The' ; state r heacpaid 'California is undermanned in. its highway,,patrbl. .- CONTROLS STREAMLINED V • A BOUSHMENT of the .war mobUizaHpn and : •ii reconversion offices was effected yesterday by JPresident^ Truman, : who; Jitfter this extensive, revision of -warfcne;7"bureaus. named John R. Steelman as assistant- to 'the, president. A new office of temporary, controls have been.set up, academicaliiCat least, under the executive order,of the President and it will be headed by Ttfajot General Phillip B. Fleming.' As a result, of:this political surgery functions of what is left of the OPA, Civilian Production -Administration and Economic Stabilization will be -synthesized under the control of General Fleming. , - . • l , '„ . Vast numbers of taxpayers in accord with the reduction of government controls and.with-the streamlining of many of the wartime functions which the government aiTogated to itself in the interest of expediency during the war. '-*>*• ^.. ; ] What, these same taxpayers ; will also be interested in as an .outgrowth of-the President's order is a'hoped-for reduction in the~ swarming mass of government employes in these same erstwhile departments. The administration has- another excellent opportunity to .reduce government colts-as the artificial need foii imposition- of complex controls is reduced and as a deduction from that premise, .the need for.' bureau workers is eliminated. It will be interesting to note whether-this'outcome attends the President's action. iWQRLD TOiDAY By 'PETER-EDSON, "NBA_ Washington Correspondent'- «' ' •Republican E, H. Moore. Jf fie does, he'll ^probably ha"ve to stay, around home and do some- campaigning. While he rwas' governor,'."Kerr' was criticized for running around the country' - making- speeches," even though he, did a lot of boosting for his-state. Alsp,. Kerr has .'acquired a big- new residence to'mo,ve into when his term as governor expires, and his wife" wants to stay home for a while. \~ • ' •-' Watch tor ~the issue of creating an American flag "chosen instrument" airline to be brought "up again in the nest Congress. Maine Senator Owen Brewster favors this one bigr United States international airline, in preference to Civil Aeronautics board's present policy of competition and assignment -of routes to several airlines. Shortly after the election, Republican Speaker of the House Joe Martin and Senator Brewster were flown to Florida in.a private plane for a short vacation at the Hope Sound estate- of Sam Pryor. He is a vice-president of Jan American Airlines, which also favors one chosen instrument. Ernie Adamson, counsel for the House committee on un-American activities, is the 3 6on of the "-late Georgia Congressman William C. rna.tion and not, as in France, for the benefit -of-self-serving factions and selfish groups. NEXT TO ATOM BOMB fTteAGic emphasis was given to the remarks . .t of E. Raymond Cato, state highway chief- speaking here this week at a safety meeting arranged by the Kern County Cham- .jber, of Commerce safety committee. For even as Mr. Cato was speaking, men were being killed on Kern county highways in •" traffic accidents. At this writing four persons were .dead and-one near, death.' Yesterday's traf fie fa- tah'ty report in The Califomian gav.e grim -significance to the expert's words. . --;'-.. JH e said & part: "Traffic safety is not a popular subject. 'People are not interested 1 .until somebody in their immediate family is Jailed or injured, . . The problem of traffic .accidents is a local one and is created by you % people." . ^Remedial action suggested by Mr. Cato /'aiid/ajl imprinted with good sense included: .iTreaching children how to drive cars properlv -rasTa part.ofjiheir education—training should ^berin the schools; exercise of the same cour- " -te^ron the highway that we exhibit among ,.• fr|enas l ~and bf course, obeying traffic laws -,/ ftamedfor• of drivers on our high- DESERT LABORATORY ERY much in the news during the war as the nation's greatest research airfield, the Muroc area, setting for army, n,avy and marine bases, was visited this ^veek by. John N. Brown, assistant secretary of /the navy! Mr. Brown was particularly interested in the Naval Ordnance Testing Station at- Ihyo- kern. ffi '," ' This week the army tested its n'e^super 7 sonic rocket plane at,Muroc. Next"> the naval testing station the "first of its" cosmic ray tests will be held. -'- "''" ' ?' ; t How long the assistant naval secretary will be in this county was not reported, but he will bq a guest of the naval station "during his stay, ' - . .Not only is the attention of ,the nation, being directed to tests conducted on the Kern airfield, but the world as well is/watching their outcome. . "•.„'"; yec. .13. "This is the'tifst.wlnter social season since £b.e"war that the White House has h'ad 5-full'schedule of diplomatic receptfonsr,.But^so" big has the 57 nation-Washington diplomatic corps 'become-that it is-now" necessary to split the'guest list in two, inviting one.batch of diplomats .one night thejOthers'another. „; After invitations were mailed- out a few'of.-the-diplomats were insultei because; they • had been invited to the 'second Junction, not~the first. They considered it a"'slight to* their coun r try, particnlarlyt-if some neighbor .ing country's.diplomats^had been in viteji-'tb .the first f unction. So the .White House protocol people had to explain to, one -and all that the "division" had bee,n made- by alternate alphabetical order. -.Afghanistan first night,, Argentina the second, Australia^ the first,-Belgium,the second, and so on. /Until this-was explained, ,some of the second night diplomats had "threatened to send their regrets and decline to attend. Now they're coming. '" While- Chairman , Dave Lilienthal and his new-atomic energy commission were flying around the' country, inspecting Oak Ridge, Hanford, Los Alamos and the other army Manhatten district" engineer projects, they, ran into some bad weather. On ope flight a propeller de-icer broke down, the antenna iced up and the radio went dead. "Fronj-one of the distinguished commissioners, came the cry, "Better tell #Jarry to start warming up the second team."" ' Veterans' organizations'are getting primed for a big bonus drive on_the new , Republican Congress. The Democratic majority showed what r it ca'n do for the vets in the last Congress,-when over $9,000,000,000 was appropriated for the vets. Now it's the- Republicans' turn to show how they can" give. If they give much, their .big talk about economizing will go right out the window, Oklahoma Governor Robert S. Kerr probably,can be counted -out in any political dope ™t3ff" naming a Democratic national committee chair; man to succeed Bob Hannegan. Ken- wants to run for United States senator in .1948, for the seat held bv From the Files of : The Califomian TEN YEARS AGO (The California!!, this date. 1J36) Dr. E. C. Savage of Los Angeles ,will succeed Dr. B. A. Schaper as -resident physician'"at Stony Brook Retreat January l. Peter - M. Faehin was seriously hurt when his automobile overturned following- a collision on Union avenue last night. He is at Mercy Hospital. „• •Harry Hake has revealed plans for. opening up g, new sub-division on H street beyond city limits south of Brundage Lane. President Lawi-ence Weil], o£ Bakersfield Chamber of Commerce, is busy this week appointing standing- committee chairmen. Named so far are George L. Henderson, agriculture; Marvin J. Davis, civic affairs; R. F. Harlow, convention; TV. E. McPaddin, industry; W. J. Haberfelde, membership, and Paul C. Newel!, publicity. ' TWENTY TEARS AGO „ (Tbe Califotrnian. this date. 19:6) tinder the direction of Miss Ethel Robinson, a play entitled "Going Some" by Rex Beach will" be presented by junior college students in February. Officers of First Christian Church, for the new year were elected Saturday. Those News Behind the News -(By. PAUL MALLON)- WASHIXGTON, Dec; 13.—Agents searching for facts have found ways of penetrating Russia, Their private reports suggest the. economic situation is still deteriorating from worse to critical because the government is unable to produce necessities of llfe,un sufficient quantities They indicate Russia's secret' in- in the Ukraine frequently raids towns and the Kremlin is.afraid to do anything about it.... the purges in 'science, literature and production brought in only a new crowd of inefficient leaders who are-not going any better than their predecessors . . . The American Broadcasting Companies quit Moscow because the government vc'oud not let thfem see .e in trying materials from us—and .that this is the reason MoJotov became more congenial and less captious at the New York conferences. But above all, Eight-Hour Law, which established the 8-hour day for labor in World War I. He also sponsored the 'Panama Canal act, which Is basis for much x>f the government's policy in not permitting jne form of transportation _ to con- :rol a competitor. For instance, rail toes can't own ship lines, and ship ines can't own air lines. Son Ernie grew up in Washington and onqe worked as-messenger for" Sam Ray- jurn of Texas. Ernie brags that Sayburn once told him" he was the slowest messenger in town. Reporters covering C. I. Q.'s recent Atlantic City convention got a big laugh oin of Phil Murray. The I. O. president made a "fiery speech, blasting the newspapers because they didn't print news about a recent speech of General Motors Board Chairman Alfred P. Sloan, 'declaring -war on labor." Then Mur- 'ay read excerpts of the speech— rom a newspaper clipping. Hollywood Column- -(By ERSKINE JOHNSON)- -ways ,._« ., 1™,°$$,intrust a youngster with a ffiearm/vwthdiit first imparting safety^ m- .sjructions. ie; prescription of a period are en- !r^ted;;with.^automobiles which kill far ';persons than wars with all iheir'fire- ' "' L ' 1 "" ^ RANDOM NOTES Henry .A. Wallace, former secretary of commerce, appears before the public again, this time in a journalistic recrudescence as editor of the New Republic. .. . „ Mr. Wallace announces himself, as a man of "one idea" and then he proceeds -editorially to argue a number of ideas and.aston-' ishihgly enough, among them some criticism of Russia. The nation well remembers that Mr. Wallace lost his secretarial J>erth when he startled the world by differing, radically from his own state departmentiat, a. critical time when Secretary Byrnes was .endeavoring to postulate an American policy during- an impasse with Russia.. - '<-„"•] Now this volatile statesman, without any notable originality, borrowing as he does an idea and phrase from Mr.; Churchill, criticizes Russia's "iron curtain" of-cehsorship'. Seemingly -this subject has .been Xwell, exploited long since by hundreds of newspaper editorial writers and quite properly, s6\ % bul Mr. Wallace" in his introductory, .editorial picks it up again and mulls it over.'. Pretty threadbare stuff at this lime, \wffl be , the common reaction. - ' The .erstwhile Republican,, • who >laler changed his] party affiliation,- our. ebullient editor, now finds that all 'is not" wrong with the Republicans but asserts there ; ,are good men among them as "well as. amorig the Democrats, a viewpoint with which^ot .even a first-grade pupil could ^quarrel^but one seemingly father ingenuous "'for- "a ^former" statesman to enunciate wifli * edi HOLLYWOOD, ^Dec. 13. — For many years we have been hearing Hollywood stars say, "My "child will stay out-of, the profession if I can keep him out." •, Hollywood mother.'thinka differently'. /Her name Is Judy ' Cant) va, and she told us: "If my daughter"deaides she wants to go-into show business it will be all right with me.. And if being Judy Canova's daughter will be of any help to,' her, I'll be tickled to death." v In .the first place, .she added, .no human being has -the right to" dictate anotherls life., whatever the re-- lationship. 4 •*''The decision is up to my daughter,", she said. ."As I, my job is to 'give her a chance to find and express herself." - We don't understand, either, why so,many stars'are so hotly opposed to seeing their children become en- rfertainers. Presumably, they themselves have enjoyed the work, so why do they hate the idea of a junior in the business? ' A star's offspring is expected 'to change his or her name and enter by'a side door in order not to be accused <• of trading- on the family reputation. We think that's a lot of nonsense, too. "Judy Canova can take a bow for her sensible attitude. Jack Haley recently purchased a pure-bred calf - for $5.000. Which prompted one puzzled character to comment: -' "Even if you sold it piece by piece at Romanoff's, how could you get your money back?" The Catholic League of Decency is up in arms over an amendment to the Motion Picture Code permitting films about illegal drug, traf fie. There's a narcotic cycle in the offing, and the legion warns that "drug pictures will, bring in their wake very serious and physical evils." We agree heartily with the legion.- There's enpuglf border-line material on the screen today without adding drug pictures to the list. During filming of "The Best Tears of Our Lives," Director William Ws'ler needed a technical, adviser for some B-17 bombing sequences So. he put in a call 'for Captai Vincent Evans, bombardier of th Memphis Belle, the B-17 Wyler glori fled in his full-length documentar; film of the air war over Germany. But Captain Evans declined Witt thanks, saying he was making mor money in his civilian job than Wyle could offer him. He's now a liquo salesman. Remark of the week: Orson Welles directing Rita Hayworth in' an in tensely dramatic scene for, "The Lady from Shanghai," instructs: "Darling, look sad, look depressed Pretend you're watching an option drop." Ten months ago Richard Ney (Greer Garson's husband) turned down the starring role in a series of mystery pictures because he felt they would be detrimental to .his career. '-It was a good decision, for now he's riding high. • He just completed "The Late George Apley," and he has the co starring spot with Olivia do Havil land in "Ivy" coming up. After that he plays Laurie opposite Jennife'r Jones in "Little -Women." The Readers' Viewpoint !imlte<1 lo 15 ° K0rds: ma - v '"»<* ldeas ta «t rUten leslbly "^ on one sid8 ° f °' e »""«•• T fa not responsible for, the sentiments contained therein ind reserves tbe right to reject any letter Letters must bear »u authentic address tnd sisnature. although' these will be withheld U desired! IT COULD BE Editor The _Califorhian: Discussing- 'the '1946 and 1947 tax statement, one fellow said, '"I don't exactly— understand what , that MOS stands-for,' >The other fellow said, "That stands for Moscow." "Well I'll be — a BUmber of people have been telling The we are taking orders from Moscow.' I am an American and I'm not going to stand for it. I)o you .know .what I'm going to do", ' I'm going right now to the county office' and raise cain; 1 ' The other fellow advised- him- not to do that and said Mr. John Lewis and the miners' were "raising more than the country could stand right now, and " the government wants it all stopped. Well anyhow he said, 'Til go and- rai(e cain!" The other one said he thought that woud be alright, as - the -w.hple country was shorty of sugar and,- Kern county is too,* and '.the .county officials are asking lor" a raise.' They are-looking forward to the tune when they can have more -sugar and; ice cream, chocolate,- and candy. They sure are looking t ahead, and added did you ever see any that did not? Perhaps cot, but" this ^'taking orders from Moscow gets goat! Of course- it Jundity. enunciate wifli * editorial pro r 5HvIt.lhas;^oJieen;mor^ than amply proved iK ft : Ujgestion -of alcohol is not consistent ih/lsafetyr-on- the highways. f, .-The Chamber of Coninierce of the county •-^-"•'^^'Yaf^rcommitlee are to be com- ^ Mr. Wallace also argues in'tafprfof the "truth," a viewpoint with; which rniost persons will.agree ;and one reminiscent of an interview with the late.Calvm^Goolidge-.whoy when asked what his opinion twas^jf sin, saif he was "against it."-0ne inuftpf necessity 'favor the 1 -truth^and Mr. ^ may not be- true,-, but-. some say it in ,the papers, that "all Moscow has to do Js,,to-shake,the-pepper-box, and we' American' sneeze', and cough up. - - ,;~ O., JAMES -PEARSON, CHRISTMAS TIME Editor 'The Californian: Dickens tells • us in : his" Christmas Carol- ttat fit 'is good to be tjhildren sometimes and-never. better, than on Christmas -when its 'mighty Founder was -a- child rHimself.""; So may I extend Christmas greetings with a little verse I- wrote for my children once- on ^Christmas 4 eye?v - -.Chubby little. 'Christ- Cbfla:- ' ' go far-wrong in,tiiis matter. JJe^iglit} s indjte" an editorial in wliieLh -^ "^* i '*-" 1 against man-eating sharks.-. „ j Stop*beside 'our "Christmas tree; ,." Come withirj -its "glow.-, . -- Kiss . -my, .-little ^children, _ -•„ , Bless -me,; with ^your smiles; ' •TwaslJor." this "you 'came tonight ' Tears'and miles. Caliente/ Calif: - "JURY BOI" Editor The Califomian: | r have noted with" considerable interest your items of December 1 and December 4" under" the heading of "Forty Years Ago Today.'' First, where William Tracy was chosen as a juror-in the "Williams" trial and then where "the Tracys had become the parents of a s'on." I am told your paper has borne out the history true" to form. ,,,„ My father was sitting on the jury at tne time of my birth and when the judge received the telegram he wai forced to read the announcement aloud. The court received the announcement with some alarm for the telegrapher- had printed "five" instead of "fine" baby boy born today. It has been an age-old fancy -for people to see their own*hame in print and though I have waited 40- years, I am still alive • and doing "fine." Jokingly yours, the jury boy,WILLIAM DARREL TRACY, Buttonwfflow, California. "WIDOWED MOTHER" Editor of The Californian: • I am a widowed mother with four children. I'm^being evicted from the house I'm now renting. I have looked for a -house to rent f but can't find any and I haven't ai car to get around and look, for one- My lasband died four and one-half years ago and,! have_a boy 12 years, a Joy 10 y £ ars, a. boy 8 years and a aoy 6-years. I have jmoved Jt times Dale. W. E. White, Bakersfield agent for Santa Fe Company, has returned from Coronado, where he attended a meeting. Miss Ruth Harper will be the piano soloist at Tuesday's meeting at Kiwanis Club. Harry B. McCune. piloting "a Ford roadster, 48.5 miles on one gallon of gasoline, won the $100 prize' offered by the Ford sales agency for" an economy run held Sunday. THIRTY YEEARS AGO (The Califomian, this date, 1S16) The campaign against squirrels in Kern county is under way. It will be waged Wednesday, Thursday and Friday in Pond, Shatter and Wasco, respectively. Police raided a cotfage on. Fifteenth, street and uncovered a counterfiting establishment for the making of 50 cent pieces yesterday. Officers making: the raid were Frank Burton, Lambert and P C Taylor. Theda Bara, world famous vampire and emotional actress, will be seen, in Romeo and Juliet at Grogg's theater today and tomorrow. A petition for an electrolier system for Bakersfield business district has been placed in circulation by Bakersfield Chamber of Commerce at the suggestion of Mayor George Hay. FORTY YEARS AGO •(The Califoraian. this date. 19UC) At an informal meeting of the board of trustees last evening an agreement was- reached on the proposition of calling an election to bond the city for $200,000 for municipal improvements. L. B. Hicks, the entombed man at Edison, slept well last night and is still cheerful, according to a message he delivered to would-be rescuers through a pipe this morning. •-It is rumored that an effort will be made at the coming session of the state Legislature to reduce the number of superior judges in Kern county by one. Home Extension Company, in a communication to the Board of Trade, promises a colony of 200 families on the Wasco land in the Tiext few months. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Califomian. this date, 1836) Keyesville, after-having been dull for years is again making mining history. Mills are going, shafts are being sunk and new strikes are being made. Fred Tibbets has put men to work on the Rip Van Winkle mine and Campbell is about to put in machinery on his placer claim. Doctor Cook was called to San Emidio today to attend a sheepman who accidentally shot himself Saturday. As the man picked up a gun by the barrel, the hammer caught against a twig and discharged the weapon. The Honorable E. J. Emmons gave a temperance talk to a large crowd yesterday at First Baptist Church. these reports, in their necessarily fragmentary nature, try to' reveal that the growing world Communist political movement is simplj- a super-hoax, the flimsiest and most no matter what the cost in American prestige only two genuine American reporters remain in Moscow, the bulk of American correspondents being- actually Russians or French as efficient correspondents will not stand the conditions . . . . a large number of Russian peopel are against the government, covers its inability to produce enough for itself at home by extreme isolation behind an iron curtain of censorship, covering its poverty and failures securely from the world by these means at all hazards, while maintaining an unbelievable arrogance of superiority in international conferences, actually directing and diverting world discussions of stronger powers by causing them to talk about non-essential subjects lik.9 Spain or constantly rake the dead bones of nazism, while boring within these same greater powers of Britain and America with demands for abandonment of empire, herself building a new empire, herself prac- tising a careful anti-semetism at home while demanding race equality elsewhere, electing an equal number of deputies in France, planning to take control in Italy and indeed fulminating- and fomenting around the entire globe. This, these reports say flatly, is the current Russian game. It is an astonishing story, pieced and to do anything , about it, and are submerged in, docile want, by the secret police whose presenco alone has prevented a successful counter revolution the bulk of the army and particularly good airborne ..divisions are concentrated near Turkey and the Dardanelles , .. production hiis been' concentrated on '; large four motored bombers,. a ship ..the Russians could not make, but are copying- from ours for the next war . . . war is impossible because supplies could not be sustained and therefore foreign policy must be softened to avoid it ... the five- year plan is still on the down grade, only 3 per cent of the housing program was carried out to last July . . . the wife of a prominent Russian official, herself a bureau chief, is slated for work in Siberia as it hns been discovered she is a checked sources; from a a study dozen different in abnormal irregularities—but not much different than what you would expect of an unprincipled atheist revolution which follows one theory in one country, the opposite in an adjoining country and changes or reverses both at will, being steadfast only in negation arid opposition to whatever exists in authority, be -it socialism, liberty, democracy, monarchy,' absolutism (nazism and fascism like itself) or such as exists in China. At any rate, here are the reports: The shoe shortage is so bad you see people making their own shoes on street curbitigs from rubbish materials, including pasteboard ... a guerilla opposition bidden in woods Jewess . a newspaperman in AIos- cow has had to wear the same suit for throe years . . . Jewish refugees say they are not specifically oppressed but fled because of poverty conditions Molotov is not necessarily going, up but may do down . ^. . British report says harvest in Ukraine was below normal, in- the Volga about normal, hist Russia expects only two "normal" harvests out of every five ... The real trouble then seems to be Russia can. penetrate everyone else but no one can penetrate Russia. . I-f agents increasingly get in there and expose her' condition to the world, or a counter revolution obtains outside channels of information, the whole Communist movement will be laid bare as a world fraud. (World copyrijlit. IDItl. h.v Klnu Ffaturra Stn- diratc, Inc. All richia reserved. lUproductioo In full or in pan stricUy prohibited.) Views and the New s ^ By J. M. ROBERTS, Jr., Associated Press Foreign Affairs Analyst Great Britain's trouble with Al- j ducted by Moscow-trained operatives bania over the mining of Corfu i but one which operates with a cor- channel, with resultant heavy damage to two British destroyers and the loss of 44 lives, is strangely of a pattern with the United States- Yugoslav row over the shooting- down of American planes. In each oase Russian satellite governments have taken violent, almost hysterical action (if the British tain degree of autonomy. Tito, instead of being more'ly an executive of Moscow's orders, is the line to which he is well- trained, to be sure, but up to the point where lie might cross the Kremlin he is his own man. Although he had Russian precedent for setting, tough with Amorl- charge is true) in the guise of de-' can P li{nes which flew over pro' ' scribed areas, the trouble he got Into fending their sovereignty. ' Age-old principles involving- the protection of peacetime travelers have been thrown out the window in inexplicable fashion. If it is true that Albania deliberately and secretly mined a traditionally free channel. Nobody will know what to expect next. If the mining was done for fear of what passing British ships might observe ashore, the implications would-be a cause for even greater anxiety than the act itself. In one respect the Albanian incident, aside from the greater loss of life, is of greater significance .than the Tito affair, for Russian control in Albania is much more direct than in Yugoslavia. with us was essentially his own. In Albania, on the other hand, reliable reports have it that Russians actually occupy the key positions. After last year's so-called elections the United States and Britain withheld recognition or the government. The Russians, however, not only jumped aboard the Hoxha band- .wagon, but apparently took over the reins. Russian Minister Dimiirl Tchuv- akin arrived last January with a staff of experts which one source counted at 400, and the number has been reported greatly augmented since. There have' been additional reports of whole Russian army units and hundreds of officers forming the • i Cadres of the new Albanian army, j which is reported to total some loo,- In Yugoslavia there is a Commu-1 000 mr>n out of a total population of nist-dommated government, con-1 1,000,000. Questions and Answers •(By THE HASKJN SERVICE)- SO THEY SAY There wasn't enough infusion of ., - - -new b,Jood. They (the Democrats) or many * ear9 - Probably the larg- a. i_ . . . »n«.».w/ etcr T>tiii-»a f\f err-.1i3 nr.n« •*"^,.._,3 ;_:> *.i Q. What country produces the most gold? Where was the largest nugget found?—H. C. A. The Union of South Africa has led all countries in output of gold took too much for granted and proceeded on the.theory that the~prestige of the late President Roosevelt would carry them through.—James A. Farley. Never forget' that overwork seldom breaks people down. often they are worn out with inner tensions, worries, conflicts and resentments.—Reverend Dr. John Sutherland Bonnell of New York. Capitalism remains in only one or two countries. You roust either accept a system of state intervention and controls or lose everything by way of communism.—President Juan Peron of Argentina. There are many diffirent policies hat can be tried with Russia, but he one doomed from the outset is hat of intimidation.—J. Alvarez del <"ayo, former Spanish Republic for- ign minister. Not until we find ourselves in a epression will you see people re- urning to the farms in appreciable numbers.—Professor .Herrei Degraff, Cornell University agriculturist. , •• PEN SHAFTS An Oklahoma man deserted his wife and nine children. Chances are e can be found at some nice, quiet pot. Folks used to make their own lothing on spinning wheels. Now they los£ their shirts on 'em! Where do folks get the idea that it's against the law to call a doctor before the wee hours? Start letting your whiskers grow, men, in preparation for Christmas ties. in 3 years. It's impossible for me [ It would sort of even things up ,nfl * ^,«~ , - i if we had t(j shove , eUher gnow ^ coal in the summer. The skiing season approaches. Something else ta give Americans somebody please rent me a house /for my family? Jdy children are not destructive, 'I'm not asking for • very ' much, iust a roof over my head as winter s coming- and I need "a home soon, I'm not asking for -anyone to build me a- house. I just want to be a steady renter. Won't somebody make this Christmas a ^"Merry for jne by hel-'ing'ine > " >.,' Christmas* 'ind a house to rent? A ^WIDOWED MOTHER. '-' the jumps! .A THOCGHT FOR TODAY Man that is lorn of a icoman is of few days, and fun of trouble. — Job l' t :l. est piece of gold ever found in* the world was the Holtermann nugget, or mass of gold, found in a reef at Hill End, New South Wales, Australia, in 1872. It weighed 7560 ounces and was valued at the time of its discovery at $148,000. Q. Who invented chewing gum?— A. Gum chewing was practiced b various ancient peoples including the Mayas a'nd the American In dians. William F. Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, took out the first patent on chewing gum December 28, 1869. The industry is centered in this country. Outside the United States, Mexico and CVnada are the only important manufacturers ol chewing gum. Q. What is the national emblem of Wales?—A. K. S. A. On March 1, the day of St. David, Welshmen wear the leek, their national emblem. There is a tradition to the effect that at command of St. David, the Welsh.wore leeks in their' caps when they won their great victory over the Saxons on March 1, 540. Q, When" and where did' the government establish its first bird sanctuary?— K. A. R. A. The first United States government bird reservation by executive order of March 14, 1903, was Pelican island, Indian River, Florida. Q. "What kind of sftup is most popular in the United States?—H. C. R. A. A partial survey o£ the country a few years ago showed vegetable soup far in the lead. Onion soup and cream of tomato came next, and clam chowder took fourth place. Q. How many issues of postage stamps were released during Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration?— J. T. C. A. Tbe post office department says that 176 stamps were issued between April 1933 and April 1945. Q. When travelers cross the International date line from east to west and thereby gain an extra day, by what name is this day called? R. S. Y. A. It is called Meridian day. Q. Is the Arc de Triomphe in Paris the largest triumphal arch in the world?—E. N. Y. • •«• A. It is 162 feet high and'147 feet wide and Is the largest in the world. Q. What articles were kept in the Ark of the Covenant? — R. E. X. A. In the Ark of the Covenant was kept Aaron's Rod that budded, the golden pot that manna, and the tables of the covenant. In the time of Solomon it appears that all of these rplics had disappeared except "the two tables of Ktone which Moses put there at Horeb" (I Kings 83). Q. What is. meant hy the "Curse of Garibaldi?"— B; o. R. A. In 1SG4, a sword was presented to Garibaldi, the Italian patriot, by the Ita'ian colony of London. In a letter acknowledging the gift, Garibaldi predicted disaster to anv ' Italian who should destroy the friendship between Italy and Great Britain. Q. What does the word alleluia mean — C. B. E, A. It is the Latin form of the Hebrew hallelujah which means "Praise ye the Lord." The- term was Introduced Into the Mass by Pope Damascus 3C8-384),. at first for Easter only. During Easter-title the word is added to all antiphons and to various other chants. Q, How many airplanes land and take-off from the National Airport in Washington; D. C., per day?— '-Lj, .'L, IB. r c/ f' ^ S , of June 1946 ' an average of <>w> airplanes a day landed or took off from Ihe National Airport This was approximately one plane every fe minutes. Q. Which American-held islands were bombed the most, by the Japanese during the war?— R. M. A. According to the war department Guadalcanal was bombed more uvnrt island than by American forces. Q. Where did the Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek receive his military, training?— A. A G in Jap. anese Officers' Academy at Tokyo where he studied" four years. ' Q. How may canned graefruit juice be made to taste better'— R.R. E. _ ' A. The taste' is improved If the juice is poured back and forth several times to incorporate air. Please give the correct plural form of the word cello.—J. R. ••-.... A. There 'are two forms of cellos and celli.vBoth are correct. A reader can set the ansircr to any question r., ,ac! hy wruills Ike UakcrsfieM CilifnrnlitD Information Bureau, 31tl Eye street, y. K Wasblnston 2. D. C. 1'lea.e enclose thr« (3) ceuts for return postage. rV: ' IS

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