T1 Salina T 1 1 he Journal Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas SATURDAY January 4,1986 115th year—No. 4 — 44 Pages Wilson eyes changes at county's jail By LAURIE OSWALD Staff Writer Although the Saline County Jail is not required by the Kansas Department of Corrections to make major changes for 1986, long-range planning is needed to prepare for stricter standards likely to be imposed, Saline County Sheriff Darrell Wilson said Friday. "Part of my job is to plan ahead," Wilson said. "Whether I like furnishing these new things or not, changes will be mandated...." To plan for the future, which might include major renovations or even a new jail, the sheriff's department is bringing in two consultants Jan. 15 and 16 to study the jail and discuss their findings. The visit of the consultants, Marie McTavish and Paul Katsompes, both of Boulder, Colo., is sponsored by the National Institute of Corrections. Their work is provided free of charge. The consultants plan to interview law enforcement and city and county officials and inspect the jail on the first day of their visit, Wilson said. On the second day' they will lead a seven-hour seminar that will be open to community leaders and groups. The meeting will be in the Emergency Preparedness meeting room at the police station, 255 N. 10th. "Theoretically, each community, should build a jail that will last a lifetime," McTavish said Friday in a telephone interview. "We come into communities to help them slow down, think it through and plan it right the firsttime." _ _ _ The jail, buUt in 1962, has been inspected yearly by the state corrections department, Wilson said. Although the inspectors have not demanded any major renovation, the jail is becoming inadequate. "The jail was built in 1962 and its life expectancy has about run out," Wilson said. "In four or five years, it will be time for some major overhauls." Changes Wilson foresees are the need for natural lighting, more space, a more extensive exercise and activity program and more individual cells. Most of the prisoners are held in 10- person tanks and there is no natural lighting, Wilson said. The halls also are several inches too narrow. "With increased space requirements, we are going to have to consider that we are up to 40 to 45 (See County, Page 9) Today Inside IN BASKETBALL action Friday night, Marymount won in the opening round of a California tournament, Salina Central split a pair of games against McPherson and the Salina South girls lost to Manhattan. See Sports, Page 11. ANIMAL RIGHTS activist puts his feet where his mouth is. See story and photos, Page 3. JERRY FALWELL forms a new organization because he says the Moral Majority has gained an undeserved bad reputation. See story, Page 8. STEVE HAWLEY and the other shuttle astronauts .prepare for a Monday liftoff. See story, Page 5. Classified 14-16 Entertainment 18 Fun 17 Living Today.......... 6 Local/Kansas 3 Markets 7,8 Nation/World 5 On the Record 9 Opinion 4 Religion 10 Sports..,,, 11-13 Weather 9 Weather KANSAS — Partly sunny west today while mostly cloudy east, high in 30s. Clearing tonight, low 10 to 20, Mostly sunny Sunday, high mid-40s southwest to mid-30s northeast. Navy readies strike forces Tom Doncy DOUBLE DUTY — Floyd and Edith Butcher teamed up Friday to clean new storm windows that were installed at their Salina home. WASHINGTON (AP) - The Navy, with the routine deployment of a carrier battle group into the Mediterranean Sea, has forces in place to launch a retaliatory strike against Libya, Pentagon sources said Friday. But President Reagan has made no decision to proceed with any type of military response to the Dec. 27 terrorist attacks on the Rome and Vienna airports, and any such mission would be fraught with difficulty and danger, said Pentagon officials who spoke on condition they would not be identified. Reagan, posing for pictures in Mexicali, Mexico, with Mexican President Miguel de la Madrid, was asked about reports of U.S. military movements in the Mediterranean. "I'm not aware that we're doing anything out of the ordinary at all," he said. Asked whether a buildup of U.S. forces was under way, Reagan said, "You've got to stop listening to Khadafy," a reference to Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy, who has accused the United States of aggressive intentions. In Libya Friday, official state radio broadcasts trumpeted reports of U.S. 6th Fleet movements in the Mediterranean and of huge anti- American rallies by Libyans vowing to fight to the death against a feared U.S. invasion. There was no independent verification of the reports on state- controlled Tripoli radio, which was monitored on Cyprus. The radio said "the demonstrations have continued for two days," but was not clear on whether those days included Friday. In a report from Tripoli, CBS News reporter Steve Croft said reporters were not allowed to leave their hotel. "The streets of Tripoli are quiet this (Friday) morning," Croft said. "There's no visible sign of international tensions, increased security or unusual military activity." But he said the correspondents' view of the capital was severely restricted. The war-hysteria atmosphere was heightened by Tripoli radio's repetition — as its lead news item — of extracts from a Wednesday speech by Libyan leader Col. Moammar Khadafy. He threatened then that any U.S. attack on Libya would prompt him to "declare war in the Mediterranean and in all the Middle East." Libya's official news agency JANA reported Friday that Libyans at home and abroad pledged to Khadafy to fight to the death to protect their land from the United States. But by nightfall, JANA dispatches monitored in Cairo, Egypt, had not mentioned the anti-American demonstrations reported by Tripoli radio. In Washington, Pentagon sources said top officials, including Defense Secretary Caspar W. Weinberger, were asked to prepare for a possible "strategy meeting" at the White House today. And the sources also confirmed that earlier this week, at least six EA-6B Prowler radar-jamming aircraft were dispatched from their base in Washington state to the Sig- onella Air Base in Italy. The planes are now on hand to assist attack jets from the Coral Sea should, any strike be ordered against Libya, the sources said. Meantime, the State Department, which for years has been telling Americans to stay out of Libya, said its ability to aid those who ignored the warnings would be nearly "nonexistent" if the current tensions lead to anti-American action. Between 1,000 and 1,500 U.S. citizens, many of them dependents of Libyans or employed by Libyan or third country business, are in Libya. "Our policy always is to do what we can for American citizens,'" said department spokesman Charles E. Redman. "We try to make it as clear as we can that when you go to places where we have no diplomatic representation that our ability to assist American citizens under such circumstances would be severely limited if not non-existent.'' The United States repeated its 4- year-old warning against travel to Libya this week after accusing the Khadafy government of supporting the Palestinian group blamed for the airport raids. On Wednesday, Khadafy vowed a "never-ending war" if "an aggression on Libya occurs." Whittaker, Glickman to seek re-election By The Associated Press Reps. Bob Whittaker and Dan Glickman both announced Friday they will seek re-election to their seats in the U.S. Congress. Both men had contemplated entering other races—Whittaker the state Republican gubernatorial race and Glickman the race against Bob Dole, R-Kan., for Dole's Senate seat. Whittaker, a Republican, said at a news conference in Augusta that he wants to complete raising his children and tend to unfinished business in Congress. He said his wife Marlene and children — Stephan, 18, Stephanie, 15, and Susan, 14 — would have been behind him had he decided to seek the gubernatorial nomination. "After spending these very special holidays with Marlene and the children, I have concluded that a race for governor would be too costly to my family," he said. "Being a governor would be nice," he said. "But being a good husband Whittaker Glickman and father is just too important.'' The congressman said concern for his family, his congressional district and the state were factors in his decision, adding that he believes he can best serve Kansas as a member of Congress. A heated gubernatorial campaign would have meant taking too much time away from his family and his congressional duties, he said. Whittaker said he didn't want every vote he cast in Congress to be subject to scrutiny as possible political posturing for a statehouse race. (See Race, Page 9) Inmates release hostages, return to their prison cells MOUNDSVILLE, W.Va. (AP) — Rioting inmates freed their last seven hostages and relinquished control of the West Virginia Penitentiary on Friday after killing three prisoners in a siege that started as a protest of bad conditions and ended in a destructive rampage. Gov. Arch| Moore said the 1 three dead inmates were ap-1 parently cons i d e r e d "snitches" and had been killed following mock trials held by Moore inmates acting as "judge, jury and executioner." "We've got three dead inmates and the rest of them we found alive," State Police Superintend- ent W.F. Donohoe said late Friday after all areas of the prison had been inspected. "Three of them were hidden, well-hidden because they feared extinction," he said. "We found one of them on top of the security cells, one in between two block walls and one on top of an oven." Food service worker Bill Henderson, the last hostage released, said he felt "fantastic" as he walked through the south gate at 12:45 p.m. Officials said none of the hostages had been seriously injured. Sixteen hostages were taken when knife-wielding inmates took over the penitentiary on New Year's Day. The prisoners agreed Thursday to free their captives in stages in return for a meeting with Moore to discuss grievances. But after the agreement was reached, prisoners swarmed through the main building Thursday night, raided the hospital drug dispensary and went on a rampage, officials said. Some areas of the prison were heavily damaged in the rioting. "The command post and captain's office and the inmate exchange in the south yard, they burned it," said corrections official BUI Duncil, adding there "wasn't nearly the destruction we thought we'd see.... The leadership of the inmates seemed to maintain pretty good control." Prisoners were placed under a lockdown after the siege. "They're a little tense, we're a little tense. But they agreed to the lockup," Duncil said. "They put themselves in the cells, closed the doors and waited on us to come down." Recession, family make-up, slow rate of US. divorces WASHINGTON (AP) - America's divorces have declined for a second consecutive year, following 20 years of increases, government statistics disclosed Friday. There were 1,158,000 divorces in the United States in 1983, 12,000 fewer than 1982, the National Center for Health Statistics said in releasing the most recent complete figures available. That 1 percent drop followed a 4 percent decline between 1981 and 1982, reversing a two- decade trend that had seen the number of divorces in the nation more than triple to an all- time high of 1,213,000 in 1981. Both trends in family composition — with many young people delaying marriage — and the recession in the early years of this decade have been cited as contributing to this trend. It may not be a permanent situation, noted Jean van der Tak of the Population Reference Bureau, an independent Washington research group studying population. "I think it's a fairly short-term change, although some people want to interpret it to mean that marriage is getting" more solid, she said. Provisional estimates indicate divorces will resume increasing when the final figures are reported for 1984 and 1985, according to updated statistics published in Population Today, her group's periodical. The 1981 recession was the worst since the Depression of the 1930s, observed van der Tak, and at that time the number of household formations dropped as people delayed going off on their own because they simply couldn't afford it. "Divorces cost money," she said. "Divorce often is a great reflection of the economic times. I believe the recession was a prime cause for that (the divorce decline) happening in 1983." With the current improvements in the economy, she said, divorces are again increasing, up to an estimated 1,159,000 in the year ending in September, 1984, and 1,186,000 for the year ended in September, 1985, van der Tak said. The changing composition of society also has been cited as a factor, with the members of the post World War II Baby Boom generation delaying marriage and divorce in order to pursue education and careers. The average length of marriages that end in divorce is 9.6 years, according to government statistics. Thus, if many marriages started later, those that are dissolved also will do so at a later date, according to the population experts. And since the marriage rate sagged in the 1970s when the Baby Boom postponed that endeavor, divorce could be expected to echo that drop a decade or so later. That postponement of marriage also has resulted in those marriages that do occur involving people who are somewhat more mature — a situation that tends to reduce the odds of divorce, since marriages are least stable among younger people. "In 1983, divorce rates were highest for married men 20 to 24 years of age (45.2 per 1,000) and for teenage women (48.1)," the Center for Health Statistics reported. By contrast, the rate was only half that for men in their 40s and one-fourth the level of the younger group for men in their 50s, the center said. And the decline was even sharper for women, with those aged 50 to 54 only one- seventh as likely to divorce as teens. As people tend to marry later in life, however, the average age at divorce has increased somewhat also. The average age of divorcing husbands was 36.1 in 1983, up frm 34.8 in 1978. In the same time span the average age of wives at divorce rose from 32.1 to 33.5. The decline in the total number of divorces in 1983 also resulted in a drop in the divorce rate, to 4.9 for each 1,000 persons in the nation. It was 5 in 1982 and peaked at 5.3 in both 1979 and 1981.
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