The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 3, 1986 · Page 26
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 26

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 3, 1986
Page 26
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The Salina Journal Friday, January 3,1986 PageNZ China opens 'new* section of famed Great Wall nrj Ming dynasty guard towers dot the recently restored section of the Great Wall. Deserted, although not likely to remain so, this newly opened stretch of the Great Wall of China climbs steeply upward out of a valley northeast of Peking. MUTIANYU, China (AP) - China built her famed Great Wall to keep foreigners out. Now they flock there. On a summer's day at Badaling, northwest of Peking, Chinese and foreign tourists are packed four to the square yard atop the ramparts, restored in the 1950s as a national monument. Recently Chinese government agencies including the Bureau of Relics decided to restore another stretch of wall at Mutianyu, a sleepy, shaded village 45 miles northeast of the capital. Like Badaling, the wall at Muti- anyu took its present form as a defensive structure during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). Rulers sought to guard the northern border against fierce nomadic tribes. Badaling Pass is barren of trees. Scores of souvenir stalls clutter the approaches. Mutianyu is verdant, and views of the serpentine wall snaking from peak to peak through the foliage are dramatic. But Mutianyu, which formally opened Oct. 1, is not expected to put Badaling out of business. Near Bad- aling, tourists find the famed Ming Tombs, a second attraction Muti- anyu can't match. And while the wall at Badaling is just a few feet from the road, the ridge-top monument at Mutianyu is reached by steps — more than 1,100 of them. Holly sacred to Druids Holly was sacred to the Druids, priests of ancient Gaul and Britain who appear in Welsh and Irish legends as sorcerers and prophets. They believed the sun never deserted the holly tree, which was why it never lost its leaves. An IRA from AAL Robert N. (Jerries FIC LUTCF District Representative 3126 Applewood Lane Salina. KS 67101 Telephone (9131 823 3JJ4 , AM Association 1 for Uittwrm A Chinese family enjoys an outing Mutianyu section of the Great Wall. on Modern times challenge ancient Gypsy ways By The Associated Press Like the chameleon, the Gypsy changes his coloration to blend with the background, but deep in his heart he never changes. Even today, almost a thousand years after their appearance in Europe, the world's five to six million Gypsies keep their arcane ways. Yet the world changes about them. Some find their old talents lack a market and sink into poverty. So a people which traditionally does not work for wages because it infringes on their freedom now find themselves filing for welfare. Tourists freshly back from Europe say some are turning to thievery, which only reinforces the old stereotype of cheat and fraud, the origin of the word "gyp." As the century wanes, these nomadic people face yet another crisis, another challenge to their ancient ability to survive. So reports Dr. William G. Lockwood, a University of Michigan anthropologist, for whom the Gypsies are a fascination, a study in ethnicity, a people that keeps its identity despite a self-imposed diaspora that has kept them on the move for centuries. "Until the late 19th century, Gypsies were literally slaves in the area now called Romania," Lockwood says. "And in this century, half a million were murdered by the Nazis. Even today, you can see signs on shop fronts in Europe that say 'Closed To Gypsies.' Is it any wonder that some among them have adapted by resorting to petty crime.'' They have been treated with suspicion wherever they go. There is an anti-Gypsy crime unit in southeastern Michigan. Lockwood rejects as unfair the publicity that goes along with it. He says the Gypsy commits no more crime than any impoverished minority. He has Gypsy friends in the professions: an accountant, a symphony musician, a professor in linguistics. The Gypsies left their homes in northern India about 700 A.D. Not much is known of them before then. The first clear record is in the year 1050 when a Byzantine emperor in Constantinople hired them to poison wild animals in the imperial park. Then a hundred years later, another Byzantine emperor in the same city forbade his subjects to patronize their fortune-tellers and animal trainers. For most of their history, Gypsies have been the pariahs, says Lockwood. Today, they are scrap steel dealers or barn and house painters in England, driving custom motor vans instead of horse-drawn wagons. They wander city streets in the United States fixing dented cars or laying asphalt driveways. Most of the musicians in Detroit's ^s>y cocktail lounges, Lockwood says, are Hungarian Gypsies. The Gypsies language is oral. Most cannot write, even though theymight speak a half-dozen languages. "Even in this country today large groups are illiterate. A lot of them will pass themselves off as something other than Gypsy to avoid the stigma," Lockwood says. "If they live their traditional lifestyle, they escape the census takers, not purposely, just because they aren't there when the census taker comes." Most U.S. records come from immigration data, but even these are unreliable because if a Gypsy enters this country he is usually listed from his country of origin Hungarian, Romanian or Mexican. They cling to their traditions even in the United States, even into the sixth generation. "The kids will speak Roman! as a first language, and marry almost 100 percent within the ethnic community." Romani is probably closer to Sanskrit than anything else. Their history is oral, but others have written about them. There is one ancient source, says Lockwood, that tells of a ruler who invited entertainers from India to come to make his people happy, gave them each a measure of grain and a donkey. They ate the grain and the donkey and moved on. Originally they were a dark-hued people, but by admixture they have changed. English Gypsies, for instance, are for the most part not dark. Their trailers are made specially to conform with rules of Gypsy life, related to Indian concepts of pollu- tion. There is no toilet in the caravan. They believe that blood is polluting, menstrual blood in particular. Any article of clothing so soiled must be washed separately from other clothing. They have their own religious beliefs. They believe in a central deity and place great importance on the dead who can intercede for them. Oddly, they are currently being moved by the evangelical movement in Europe. Most French Gypsies are evangelical. The reason, says Lockwood, "is that they are seeking a spiritual way out of a situation from which there doesn't seem to be an economic way out." When the old needs for their talents dried up, they found themselves in trouble, Lockwood says. "All of a sudden they find themselves poor. They never thought of themselves as poor. Now they find themselves surrounded by a world of TV sets and refrigerators," wanting those things. Yet they cannot write, are unskilled in modern jobs with no job records, no tax records, aware that no one will hire them if they know they are Gypsy. "So they can't tap in. It's a wonder that so few of them have turned to crime. Inevitably, it's non-violent crime, pickpocketing, some burglary, car theft." Trees fill tall order Trees harvested or destroyed each year in the Lacandon Forest of southern Mexico would produce a single timber one foot square and more than 4,500 miles long. Located In the basement of the store Bargain Barrell CLEAROUT WALLPAPER Single Rolls Prepasted Paperback Vinyl All clothback Vinvl All wallpaper Bundles Odd sized FRAMES $ 1 $2 $ 3 72 price 1 /2 price UIIUTCIUPCD'C Decorating nUrilOlNutn 0 CenterJnc, 145 S. Santa Fe Downtown s*un« 825-5969 r*W7«7 9999 W7W 9999 WSf 99 mir msf msr w*r SENIOR CITIZENS LET US PAY YOUR HEATING BILL! ' Senior Citizens 65 years and older are invited to bring in this I coupon to enter our drawings in January and February. No purchase is necessary and if your name is drawn we'll pay your heating bill for you! Bring your friends — we have more coupons available at the restaurant. Don't forget — we offer a 15-20% Senior Citizen discount daily on selected specials. RUSSELL'S RESTAURANT 1-135 & Crawford Salina, Kansas CARNATION is the Flower of the Month for January. Dianthus Caryophyllus Place of Origin: Southern Europe. A plant with a long history of cultivation. Hardy in areas with mild frost, evergreen with grey-green leaves. Often in tufts and large double, fragrant flowers with curled petal margins. Colors vary from white & yellow through shades of pinks & red. 248-B S. Santa Fc 827-0351 "Our flowers speak louder than words." THE BEST When you pay your hard earned money for a service, you expect the very best. In the home improvement business — that's us. We'll be glad to put our work where our mouth is! Because no company can compare with our workmanship, quality, experience, personnel, or customer satisfaction. We are the best Home Improvement Company in Salina and we'll be happy to show you why! We Do A Better Job I MIDWEST SIDING Call 825-5576 or 825-0606 1504 State Street Will Warhurst Salina J BOUTIQCIE. iiiifili Q ' 0 FINAL DAY - SUN., JAN 5th! Regular Priced Merchandise ENTIRE STOCK INCLUDED ALL SALES FINAL NO EXCHANGES -NO REFUNDS -NO LAY AW AYS MID STATE MALL, SALINA 53

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