Living Today The Salina Journal Friday, January 3,1986 Page 8 Houseplants multiply with division Gardening By CHARLES L. MILLER Extension Horticultural Agent Houseplants can be multiplied through several simple and inexpensive ways. Many indoor gardening enthusiasts find plant propagation the most enjoyable part of this hobby. In fact, plant propagation is one of the fundamental occupations of mankind. It can be argued that civilization started when ancient man learned to plant and grow food crops. So if you feel an unexplainable urge to plant a seed or root a cutting, give in to it. You're only civilized. Everyone is probably familiar with the propagation of plants by seeds. Some houseplant seeds are available, but they are .generally difficult to find. Most houseplants are best increased by the other method, vegetative propagation. The most common and important types of vegetative propagation of houseplants are cuttings, division, and layering. By these methods, the plant developed will look exactly like the parent plant. The one you choose depends upon the preference of the plant. Some plants are difficult to divide. Others can't be air layered. Division is probably the easiest. The entire plant is involved. Plants that emerge from the soil with multiple stems can be divided. This includes plants such as African violet, fern, spider plant, nonvining philodendron, wax begonias, cast iron plant, aloe and cluster-forming succulents. Knock the plant out of the pot. Cut down through the root ball with a sharp knife to separate a new plant from the old. Be certain to get plenty of root system with each new division. Some plants have roots which are not too intertwined and these can be simply pulled apart. Pot up the new and old plants, water well, and keep shaded a few days. That's all there is to it. The most popular method of increasing plants is by cuttings. Stem cuttings are most frequently used. IVfost plants with soft stems can be rooted by this method. The list is long. Everything used in rooting cuttings should be sterile because fungus diseases are the most common causes of failure. Use new potting media like peat moss, vermiculite, perlite, and sand; 50-50 mixes of peat-perlite or peat-sand are excellent rooting materials. Peat moss can be difficult to moisten — hot water works best. Garden soil should not be used. It will pack too tightly and is subject to disease development. Wash pots in household cleaner and disinfectant. The knife blade can be cleaned in the same solution or just dipped in alcohol. Cuttings should be taken from only vigorous, healthy shoots. Using a sharp, clean knife, cut a two- to six-inch long section of stem at a point just below a node (where leaf is attached). Remove leaves from the lower half of the cutting. The base of the cutting may be dusted with a rooting hormone. This will increase the number of rootlets but will not reduce the time required to produce roots. Insert the base of the cutting one or two inches deep in the moist rooting medium. Firm the medium around the base and further settle it by watering with a fine spray. As the cutting has no roots, high humidity is essential. Put the whole works in a clear plastic bag and tie it shut. Stakes or wire loops reaching above the level of the cuttings will keep the plastic away from the foliage. Keep this out of direct sunlight and never let it dry out. Check the cuttings occasionally by lifting one out to see what's going on below the surface. When a few roots are one inch long, transfer the cutting to potting soil. Watch it carefully the first few weeks as it is being weaned from the high humidity of the plastic bag. Don't fertilize until it has become established in its pot. Next week: Increasing houseplants by air layering and by runners. Grandma wants equal treatment Feathered friends have picky eating habits WASHINGTON (AP) — Bird feeders abound on store shelves and bags of birdseed await Americans anxious to attract colorful avians to their yards in winter. But before spending the bucks, check out the contents of those bags of seed. Some birdseed packagers offer bags of specific types of seed; others market all-purpose mixes. Shop according to what birds you want to attract. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has studied the eating habits of birds and determined what they like and don't like. For example, white proso millet and black, oil- type sunflower seeds are eagerly eaten, the service reported. But such common seed mixture ingredients as flax, canary and rape seed are rarely eaten by birds, the agency continued. And, the study found, milo or sorghum, wheat, oats, cracked corn and rice also have trouble raising birds' interest if proso millet or sunflower seeds are also available. Another common ingredient in commercial mixes, peanut hearts, is particularly attractive to starlings, according to the wildlife service. Among sunflower seeds, goldfinches and mourning doves seemed to prefer smaller seeds, while blue jays and tufted titmice liked the large striped ones that are more often available. Officials noted it is hard to develop a universal mixture of seed because of the variety of birds in different areas, and they recommended buying specific types of seeds depending on the birds people want to attract. Here is the agency's rundown of some common birds and their seed preferences observed in the study: • American goldfinch — hulled sunflower seeds, thistle seeds and oil-type sunflower seeds. • Brown-headed cowbird — white proso millet, ed proso millet, German millet and canary seed. • Cardinal — sunflower seeds of all kinds. • Carolina chickadee — oil-type sunflower seeds. • Dark-eyed junco — red proso, white proso millet, canary seed and fine cracked corn. • Common grackle — hulled sunflower seed and cracked com. • Evening grosbeak — sunflower seeds of all types. • House finch—oil-type sunflower seeds. • House sparrow — white proso millet and most other seeds except flax and rape. • Mourning dove — oil-type sunflower seeds, white proso millet, thistle, wheat, buckwheat, milo, canary seed, hulled oats and cracked corn. • Purple finch—sunflower seeds of all types. • Red-bellied woodpecker — black-striped sunflower seeds (occasionally). • Song sparrow — white proso millet, red proso millet and oil-type sunflower seeds. • Tufted titmouse — peanut kernels and oil-type sunflower seeds. • White-crowned sparrow — oil-type and black- striped sunflower seeds, white proso millet and red proso millet. • White-throated sparrow—all sunflower seeds, white proso millet and peanut kernels. Dear Ann Landers: You printed a letter recently from a woman who criticized her grandparents for being so self-centered and uncaring. (They refused to baby-sit the grandchild — said they had earned their freedom and had lives of their own.) Let me tell you my side of the story: I have taken care of all my grandchildren since the day they were born. I was there when they were brought home from the hospital. No daughter or daughter-in-law of mine ever had to hire a nurse. I moved in to care for them when their parents went away on weekends, conventions and mothers were ill or recuperating from surgery. Now I am 78 and in a nursing home. One granddaughter informed me last Sunday (her first visit in two months — she lives three miles away and drives a car) that she will not be visiting me anymore because it is too depressing. Another granddaughter quit coming several months ago because "the smell of the place" made her nauseated. Don't these young people realize we need their love and companionship more than ever now? Why don't they understand? Will they EVER? '—Boston Dear Boston: What a heartbreaking letter. All I can say is, yes, they will understand — when their time comes. Dear Ann Landers: Sorry to bring up this subject in a column many people will be reading at the breakfast table, but it's getting to me. The problem is spitting. The new baseball commissioner says baseball needs to be cleaned up. He is talking about drugs. I agree drugs are a terrible problem. But something should be done about all that spitting. During the World Series almost every guy who got up to bat had a plug of tobacco in his jaw. Home plate, with all that tobacco juice, has got to be the filthiest spot in the world. I'd hate to slide into it face down. Ann Landers NEWS AMERICA Paper plates cushion dishes when moving ciub calendar Baseball players are the only athletes I know of who do this despicable thing. And these fellows who chew: and spit do it right on camera. I have never seen a basketball player , chewing tobacco during a game, or a tennis player during a game, or golfer or a swimmer. It strikes me as ugly, unappetizing, unsanitary and ill-mannered. It's a pretty poor example for our young' people, too. What do you say? — Jake A., Port Gibson, Miss. Dear 'Jake: It is indeed all the things you said, but even more important, the American Cancer Society and the American Medical Association say chewing tobacco may cause cancer of the mouth and tongue. I wish they would nix it — at least on TV. Kids love to imitate, their heroes. Dear Ann Landers: This is for "Nameless in Sunny California": Run, don't walk, to the nearest bus, train or plane and head for home. Tell your parents you acted hastily and foolishly. Seek their support and go back to school. Develop some self- esteem and go after the kind of future you want. I fell for the line, "I'll kill myself if you leave." Being a gutless wonder resulted in 48 years of misery. I wasted my lif e and my talent. There is so much out there in this big, beautiful world, I say, go for it! As for you, Ann Landers, I think you're terrific. — Still Trying in Lancaster Dear Lancaster: Excellent advice to "Sunny." As for me, I'm still trying, too, and there is still plenty of room for improvement. Dear Heloise: In packing my dishes for moving, I found paper plates were perfect to sandwich between plates to cushion them. The smaller ones worked for dessert plates and saucers. With just a little newspaper in between the stacks, they were ready to go. The paper plates can be restacked and used for meals as they are not dirty. I hope this hint makes packing dishes easier for many people. — Sarah Howell Dear Heloise: I decorated my baby daughter's bedroom walls with her newborn dresses. Each one hangs on a small white plastic hanger from a nail on the wall. They are handy to reach when it's dressing tune and so colorful. After she outgrows them, they will remain on the walls as they are too darling to fold up and put away.—Kathleen Daake Heloise's hints KING FEATURES I bet it looks darling! Give that little one a hug. — Heloise Dear Heloise: I have enjoyed Hints from Heloise for years and now here is my tip. For sticky locks or when your key doesn't go into the lock easy enough, do this: Put a coat of graphite on the edges of the key with a lead pencil. It really works. Never use oil. — A.J. Christiansen Dear Heloise: Here are a couple of hints for smokers. If cigarette ashes drop off a cig- SAUNA'S BEST LOBSTER DEAL Discover the new taste in town — savory lobster tail at Skipper's Seafood 'n Chowder House. For just $6.99 you can enjoy a four- ounce lobster tail, served with coleslaw, baked potato or french fries, lemon and butter. Come on down today for a deal of a meal that no seafood lover should miss. Only at Skipper's. $6.99 Lobster Tail 1-135 and Crawford in Salina ® arette onto the carpet, they can be easily cleaned up without all the bother of getting out the vacuum or broom and dustpan or a wet sponge. Just take a piece of facial tissue, fold it several times and wet a corner of it. Get it real wet and don't squeeze it dry. Then, carefully touch the ashes with the wet tissue and the ashes will cling to it just like a magnet attracts tacks. Another hint is for those who empty ashtrays into the toilet but find the cigarette butts are still there after the toilet is flushed. Again, the tissue comes in handy. Just spread a piece of tissue over the top of the butts as they are floating on the water and flush — they are gone! Caution: Never flush kitchen paper towels because they usually stop up the drain and cause the toilet to overflow. —Gene Bordendircher Good advice. Don't flush away cigarette butts if you have a septic tank.—Heloise Dear Heloise: I have several fragrances I enjoy wearing and like to carry them with me in small size atomizers when I'm traveling. Is there any way the atomizer can be cleaned thoroughly of one fragrance before adding another? No matter what I do, some fragrances seem to linger. — J.S. To get the scent out of an atomizer, after washing well with soap and hot water, fill the bottle with rubbing alcohol and let it sit (open) overnight.—Heloise Dear Heloise: While traveling, I find it handy to keep a large reseal- able freezer bag in the car for trash. It keeps the car clean of sticky wrappers or empty containers and any left-behind contents will not spill at a quick stop. — S. Lauzon Dear Heloise: Have I got a hint for you! If you're tired of spending money on powder puffs, you can make your own. First buy your favorite powder, then get a container. Fill the container with cotton balls. Pour some powder in and shake. Now, whenever you need to powder, just grab a cotton ball. — C.L.B. Dear Heloise: Instead if buying mats to put under pet dishes, I use the box bottoms that are under canned goods in the supermarket and cover them with self-adhering paper. They hold a couple of pet dishes and keep the spills off the floor. They also offer room for extra treats. — Mrs. L. Gowan Not only do they keep the floor neater, but they also can be thrown away and replaced with new ones. Much easier than washing a mat. — Heloise Dear Heloise: We always need cotton around the house when the children are home. So we keep a quart jar in the bathroom full of the cotton that comes stuffed hi bottles of aspirin, etc. —H.H. Dear Heloise: I use canned tarn- ales quite often in casseroles or with canned chili for a quick meal. I have always lifted the excess fat from the juices. I find if I chill the unopened can and then open the can at both ends, the congealed fat will lift off very easily. I enjoy your column. — E.M. (Write to Heloise in care of Hints from Heloise, King Features Syndicate, 235 E. 45th Street, New York N.Y. 10017.) Baby named A daughter, Nicole Darlene, was born Dec. 17 to Mr. and Mrs. Donald L. Woodruff, 861 Highland Avenue. Grandparents are Darlene Heier and Mr. and Mrs. Harold H. Woodruff of Salina and Everett Dale Gebhardt of New Haven, Conn. Great- grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Benton and Mrs. Paul Racette of Salina and LeRoy Davis of Culver. Great-great-grandfather is Marion Davis of Abilene. Today Salina Twirlers Square Dance Club, 8 to 11 p.m. tenderfoot dance, VFW Post Home, 1108 W. Crawford. Caller: Larry Hays and area callers. Rounds cued by Lola Pratt. Finger food. All square dancers welcome. Saturday Ladies Auxiliary Patriarchs Militant 24, 8 p.m. meeting, IOOF Hall, 401 E. Walnut. Union Pacific Oldtimers Club 32,6 p.m. covered dish dinner, Carver Center, 315 N. Second. Bring table service and an item for club auction. Sunday Eagles Lodge, 7 p.m. 10-point pitch game, Aerie Home. Parents Without Partners Inc., 7:30 p.m. coffee and conversation, M. Korbe, 333 S. Eighth. Topic: "Dealing With Stress." Dixie Dudes Square and Round Dance Club, 2 to 5 p.m. tenderfoot dance, National Guard Armory, Abilene. Caller and ma^ter-of-. ceremony: Richard Sherbert. All callers and cuers present will be asked to serve. All new and old dancers welcome. Alateen Serenity Seekers, 6 p.m. meeting, Carver Center, 315 N. Se(> ond. Tri-Rivers Running Club, 3 p.m. fun run, meet north of Oakdale Park gazebo. Open to members and guests' and anyone interested in running; Non-competitive. No entry fee. Breakfast Alcoholics Anonymous, 10 a.m. meeting, Red Coach Inn, 2110 W. Crawford. Alcoholics Anonymous, 8 p.m. meeting, Cavalier Court. r For Fashlon...Quallty...And Prlce...Shop The Parts Coat Sale Make That Old Chair Like New! Call JERRY'S UPHOLSTERY Fabric Samples HOMES-RV'S Free Estimates Carpet & Furniture Cleaning Available Jerry Glessner 2665 Ray 913-825-8559 Salina. Ks. Santa Fe & Iron • Use your VISA * Use Your MasterCard 'Use Your Paris Charge 'American Express •Shop Thursday Nite 'Til 8:30 p.m. And Sunday 1-4:00 MAI &AU winter coats All styles, wools, blends, tailored. Reg. to $90 -H- -K ^L^«'«' from quilt coats Fashion's newest look... full length lined and poly filled. Reg. to $110 99 from ! 49 leathers Soft, supple short & full length coats, skirts and pants. Reg. $240. *99" from winter dresses Current styles for wearing now into spring. Reg. $ 120. from 19 Shop During January Sale Time...And Savet.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month