The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 2, 1986 · Page 13
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 13

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Salina, Kansas
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Thursday, January 2, 1986
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Page 13
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Farm Briefly The Salina Journal Thursday, January 2,1986 Page 13 Telenet set for Wednesday The 1985 Farm Bill is expected to dominate discussion at the January Telenet Conference on Wednesday, sponsored by Kansas State University's Department of Agricultural Economics. In Saline County, the conference site is room 201 of the General Studies Building at Kansas Technical Institute. Leading the conference will be grain marketing analyst Bill Tierney; Don Pretzer, KSU extension farm management specialist, and Mike Sands, livestock marketing analyst. They plan to discuss the farm bill, how producers can analyze the expected results of farm program participation and what the program will likely do to commodity prices. "We'll be looking at all the strategies farmers might want to try before that legislation sends 1986 crop prices into the pits," Tierney said. "And we'll be assessing the problems cheap grain may bring the livestock industry." 'Cash Flow Workshop' at Marion MARION — A "Cash Flow Workshop" for farmers is scheduled Tuesday from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the City Building in Marion. Kansas State University extension agricultural economists will conduct the workshop. They will discuss four basic topics: financial statements, income statements, cash flow projections and balance sheets. Participants will complete an exercise of working out a cash flow projection using a case farm example. The meeting is free. Ag Board will meet next week TOPEKA — The 115th annual meeting of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture is planned Tuesday through Jan. 9 at Topeka's Downtown Ramadalnn. During this annual organizational and educational meeting, delegates from farm groups in every county of the state will gather to elect members of the Board of Agriculture, who in turn will select the secretary of agriculture. This year's educational topics will include international marketing, reappraisal, state and federal farm legislation and an update on programs to assist troubled Kansas farmers. Registration opens at 1 p.m. Tuesday. Board President Bill Mai, Sharon Springs, will start the meeting an hour later by introducing Michael Broome, a motivational speaker from Charlotte, N.C., and Secretary of Agriculture Harland E. Priddle. Caucus meetings begin at 3:30 p.m. Gov. John Carlin plans to attend the board's annual banquet at 6:30 p.m. Jo Ann Smith, president of the National Cattlemen's Association, will be the speaker. On Wednesday, a panel discussion on reappraisal is planned. It will be moderated by Victor Miller, director of property valuation in the Department of Revenue. Rep. Pat Roberts, R-Dodge City, and Rep. Dan Glickman, D-Wichita, will serve on another panel and discuss federal farm legislation. Barry Flinchbaugh of Kansas State University will be the moderator. Carlin will be the speaker at the noon Governor's luncheon. His talk will be followed by a panel discussion on international marketing. There also will be a presentation by the Kansas Fanners Assistance, Counseling and Training Service. On Jan. 9, the program will begin at 9 a.m. with a Kansas Legislative Preview presented by Sen. Jim Allen of Ottawa and Rep. Lloyd Poison of Vermillion. A closing business session also is planned. HUlsboro site for 'Crops School' HILLSBORO — The Marion County Extension Council will sponsor a "Crops School" from 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. Wednesday at the First National Bank in Hillsboro. An organizational meeting of the Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association will be held in conjunction with the school. It is designed to explain the Sorghum Commission and the sorghum check-off program. The school will feature extension specialists discussing bromegrass management and production, and growing oats, barley and triticale for forage or grain. The meeting is free of charge. Winter wheat belt moves north WASHINGTON (AP) — New planting techniques and improved varieties are helping the winter wheat belt edge farther north, a development that U.S. grain experts are beginning to watch carefully. For example, Canada's winter wheat acreage has increased 16-fold in the last four years, from fewer than 50,000 acres in 1981 to 350,000 acres in 1984 and more than 800,000 acres in 1985, according to Agriculture Department estimates. The winter wheat area, however, still represents only about 2.4 percent of Canada's 34 million acres of wheat this year. But the trend has started to alert a few commodity watchers. "We're aware of it," Carl Schwensen, executive vice president of the National Association of Wheat Growers said this week in a telephone interview. "But we haven't performed any analysis of what the impact may be or whether the trend wiU continue." Suppose the trend to winter wheat does continue to grow in Canada? "In that case, we definitely would have a big concern, if we saw a shift of that magnitude," Schwensen said. "It would mean more competition from Canada" in selling hard, red winter wheat to foreign buyers, the chief kind grown in the United States. As a rule-of-thumb, wheat planted in the fall and harvested the following summer has larger yields. But it can die in the bitter cold winters of the north. So, farmers use wheat that is suited for planting in the spring, to be harvested later the same year. Kansas, for example, is the leading U.S. wheat producer—winter wheat. In North Dakota and Minnesota, it's mainly durum and other spring- planted wheat. Canada's crop is mostly planted in the spring. Lambing school set next week in Salina A lambing school is planned Wednesday at 7 p.m. in room 109 of the City-County Building. Topics to be discussed include: pre-lambing (vaccination of ewes, deworming ewes, pregnancy disease and signs of lambing), lambing process (equipment needed, normal birth, abnormal birth and reviving weak lambs), care of newboms (colostrum, milk replacer, castration and docking), and after-care of ewe (masstitis and prolapse). There also will be a wet lab to show how a lamb is delivered. Do you need another employee? Hundreds of readers are looking through the classified ads every day. Phone 823-6363 and an ad-taker will help you. JANUARY Large Selection Ladies'^ ft0/ Boots Ow /O Off Huge Selection of Men's Boots Many Marked CAO/ Down WW /( Entire Selection Elephant, Lizard & Watersnake Boots 149 88 Ooff WOLVERINE Leather Insulated BOOTS (Selected Styles) SALE PRICED Men's Sport Coats Large Selection $ Men's Slacks Ladies' Sweaters 05°/ A .50°/ n A« Selected Group &V /0"wV /O Off Off Reg. Price Several Racks Ladies' Pants, Skills & Blouses %.50°/( Ooff COATS Men's, Women's & Children's 20%-50% SUNSET PLAZA SHOPPING CENTER OPEN: Weekdays 9-0, Sat. 9-0, Sun. 1-0 A < f ; 4 *•'&!$! Scientists have been working for years on hardier verities of winter wheat to find just the right kind that would stand up to sustained temperatures of 20, 30 or 40 degrees below zero — the kind of winters that are found in spring wheat's primary domains, including the, Soviet Union's huge area between the Urals and Western Siberia. Besides improvements in plant breeding, there have been some recent changes in the way winter wheat is grown. One change involves the use of "no-till" practices, a modern version of "stubble-mulch" fanning used for decades by dry land wheat farmers in semi-arid parts of the Great Plains. The basic idea is to leave stubble from previous crops and other plant residue relatively undisturbed on the surface of a field, so that the soil is protected from wind and moisture preserved. According to one Agriculture Department analysis, research at Washington State University in Pullman, Wash., "is changing how dry land wheat is being grown as far south as Texas and California" by demonstrating the advantages of no- till production. "The new plowless methods also are pushing the range of winter wheat into the inhospitable climates of North Dakota and Saskatchewan," the report said. "Northern growers can now exploit winter wheat's inherent ability to out-yield spring wheat by 20 percent." Researchers at Pullman say that yields of no-till wheat can be competitive with those obtained with conventional tillage, in which crop residue is plowed into the soil. Other benefits cited include: • Curbing the rate of soil loss in the Entire Stock Children's Western Boots o« highly erodible Palouse region, which extends from southeastern Washington to northwestern Idaho, from as much as 20 tons per acre to less than two tons. • Reducing herbicide chemical use by up to 70 percent. • Lowering fuel bills by reducing tractor trips to work a field. • Reducing a producer's capital costs by requiring fewer pieces of field equipment. Robert Papendick, a scientist with USDA's Agricultural Research Service in Pullman, said one of the keys is planting winter wheat in paired or "skipped" rows with an improved no- till planter. In this concept, seed is placed in two rows five inches apart, with 15 inches of implanted space between the next set of row pairs. By comparison, conventional planting involves spacing rows of seed at regular in-. tervals of about seven inches, he said. First, a band of fertilizer is placed four inches below the soil surface, located so that it will feed the primary root of the wheat plant as it enters the critical "three-leaf" stage when growth is the fastest. Wheat plants in paired rows benefit from what scientists call the "off- row" light effect, Papendick said. Farmers know that plants in outside rows grow best, and in this system all rows are outside rows. Specially adapted drills for paired- row planting of wheat in no-till operations stem from cooperative research that was started in 1974, involving ARS and experiment stations of Washington, Idaho and Oregon. More recently, the work included a private company, Yielder Drill Inc. of Spokane, Wash., the report said. "The drills simultaneously plant seeds and apply a full season's fertilizer in one pass across a field," the report said. "In doing so, they achieve excellent penetration through thick layers of crop residues." According to the agency's report, efforts are being made by some Canadians to promote winter wheat and to set up a plant to manufacture grain drills designed to handle no-till planting. ALL, LADIES 9 WINTER SHOES & BOOTS l /2 PRICE Shoe Specialty Shop" While Supply Lasts! No Layaways— Refunds or Exchanges Please! Read, Use Journal Want Ads x.•'•-•..• K&* BRILLIANT DEDUCTION! Our I.R.A. 's provide tax shelters for ALL wage earners. 'I.R.A. SAVES YOU TAX DOLLARS >I.R.A. helps make you LESS DEPENDENT on Social Security »I.R.A. is insured to $100,000 H.R.A. can be used by ANYONE with EARNED INCOME. (Even if your employer is already providing a retirement program.) •I.R.A. can be opened with ANY AMOUNT •I.R.A. will provide a MORE COMFORTABLE future •I.R.A. lets your FULL INVESTMENT work for you. NO FEES or commissions are charged Let Us Help You Save For The Future. Bell Telephone Employees Credit Union 200 South Ninth • Salina, Kansas 67401 (913)823-9226 NCUA Niliontl Credit Union Adminitiniion. • U.S. Government Agency

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