Journal Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas THURSDAY January 2,1986 115th year—No. 2— 18 Pages Leaders speak about peace WARM-WEATHER WALK — The Rev. and Mrs. Gene Bradbury and friend, Andrew Cole, 8, take advantage of warm weather for a Monty Dovli stroll in Tescott. Bradbury, carrying daughter Hannah, 1, on his back, is pastor of St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Tescott. Sunflower defaults on federal loan GREAT BEND (AP) — The Sunflower Electric Cooperative, unable to pay $22 million owed on a federally backed loan, defaulted on the debt Wednesday, an attorney for the cooperative said. The cooperative, which serves more than 50,000 customers in western Kansas, will hold another round of talks with its creditors in hopes of staving off bankruptcy, said its attorney, Earl Watkins of Great Bend. "I'd hate to say the cooperative is optimistic," Watkins said Tuesday. The federal government has agreed to grant the cooperative's directors and officers a 30-day period to come up with a plan to solve its problems, Watkins said. The Rural Electrification Administration backed a $352 million loan used to build Sunflower's coal- fired generating plant at Holcomb, which has more power capacity than economically depressed rural Kansas currently needs. Watkins said the cooperative was unable to pay $11 million in interest on the REA-backed loan plus $11 million owed the RE A from the sale of tax benefits tied to Holcomb. Both payments were due Tuesday. Sunflower failed to pay the $22 million owed at the end of September, but later paid half the amount and postponed payment of the $11 million owed from the sale of tax benefits until Tuesday. A plan to bail out Sunflower designed by the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corp. fizzled last week. The corporation balked when the Kansas Corporation Commission indicated it would not allow Sunflower to pay an unstable interest rate in the deal. Watkins said Sunflower's annual revenues are now about $25 million •below its obligations. Because the REA and private banks have agreed to give up $18 million of that amount during negotiations over the proposed bail-out, the cooperative must arrange an additional $7 million annually in concessions from creditors. 'Watkins said the cooperative, comprised of eight utilities, will not seek a rate increase. WASHINGTON (AP) - President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev broadcast New Year's greetings to each other's nations Wednesday, promising to continue the search for peace but acknowledging differences over how to reduce the threat of nuclear war. The unprecedented exchanges were taped last week and televised simultaneously at noon CST in the United States on all the major commercial television networks and at 9 p.m. Moscow time in the Soviet Union. Each talk lasted about five minutes and each leader spoke in his native language in telecasts that featured simultaneous translations. Roughly six weeks after the two met in Geneva, both Reagan and Gorbachev referred to that summit, saying they hoped the search for peace would grow and bear fruit in 1986. Reagan's speech was the first by an American president to the Soviet populace since a televised speech by President Richard M. Nixon during his 1972 visit to Moscow. Never before, however, had the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in such a message exchange. "Let's work together to make it a year of peace," Reagan said. "There is no better goal for 1986 or for any year." Gorbachev said: "For the Soviet people, the year 1986 marks the beginning of a new stage in carrying out our constructive plans. Those are peaceful plans; we have made them known to the whole world." He said one of the main achievements of the summit "is that, as leaders and as human beings, we were able to take the first steps toward overcoming mistrust and to activate the factor of confidence." Mikhail Gorbachev (top) and Ronald Reagan as they appeared during televised New Year's messages. Reagan said that despite the obvious disagreements at the summit, "we left Geneva with a better understanding of one another and of the goals we have." While Gorbachev offered few specifics about arms control, Reagan said the two leaders had agreed to "seek agreements on the principle of 50 percent reductions in offensive nuclear arms and interim agreement on intermediate-range nuclear systems." Both men referred to the stalled attempts to negotiate nuclear arms reduction. A key sticking point has been Reagan's so-called "Star Wars" plan for research into anti-missile defenses, with the Soviets insisting on a (See Peace, Page 7) America welcomes 1986 with parties, parades, football By The Associated Press After ringing out 1985 with fireworks, bands and raucous parties, Americans welcomed the New Year on Wednesday with traditional parades and football games and something novel: a televised message from Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. One million people turned out in warm weather to see the flower-bedecked floats in the 97th annual Tournament of Roses parade at Pasadena, Calif., while an estimated 125 million more watched it on television around the world. In Philadelphia, hundreds of thousands watched the gaudy costumes and fancy struttin' of the Mummers Parade. Television coverage of the parades was interrupted by the networks to broadcast a pre-recorded New Year's message by Gor- bachev, who said through an interpreter that the Soviet Union "shall spare no effort" in working toward peace and avoiding a U.S.- Soviet nuclear war that "would be the greatest of tragedies." President Reagan, in a speech broadcast on state-run Soviet television, told the Soviet people that Americans wish them no harm and called for joint efforts to make 1986 "a year of peace." The theme of the Rose Parade was "Celebration of Laughter," and nearly all 60 flower-covered floats showed humorous or light-hearted scenes. The humor award went to TransAmerica Life Companies for "Let's Get Physical"—three 23-foot ostriches in leg warmers. "It's cold in Iowa and this is a nice respite from the winter season," said Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad as he watched the parade before the Rose Bowl football game between Iowa and UCLA. The festive atmosphere, however, was marred by more than 480 arrests and violence that critically wounded one man. The crowd along the 5%-mile route in Pasadena, estimated at 1 million by police flying overhead in helicopters, grew ugly at tunes while waiting during the warm night, civilian police spokeswoman Mary Schander said. Officer Mike Guerin said the violence included one man shot in the face, leaving nun in critical condition, and another slashed in the face with a broken bottle. Of the 481 arrests, 427 were for drunkenness, but several were for drug use and assaults, he said, adding that the department didn't immediately know if this was a record. There were 299 arrests during last year's parade. Guerin said police veterans attributed the increased violence while people waited for the parade to warm weather, which he said ranged as high as 60 degrees during the night. "The oldtimers tell us that usually about 4 o'clock people go to sleep, but because it was warmer ... they said people stayed up all night and got a little testy," he said. Thousands of people dressed in gaudy costumes and huge, feathered headpieces danced and strutted Wednesday through the streets of Philadelphia for the 13-hour Mummers strut, before an audience expected to number around 350,000. "It is the longest continuous parade that I know of in the world, and it is the oldest going back way before America was born in this city," said George Karalius, city deputy recreation director and parade coordinator. The parade's clubs and string bands, members of the New Year Shooters and Mummers Association, spend more than $1.5 million decking themselves out to compete for $318,000 in prizes. Elsewhere in Pennsylvania, as in some other states, police beefed up patrols looking for drunken drivers, and government and i businesses joined in programs aimed at reducing the holiday traffic death toll. Buses and trains were free overnight in New York and Chicago to encourage people not to drive after drinking. And 13 cab companies around Chicago offered free transportation for the first 20 miles for people needing to get home from bars between 7 p.m. and 3 a.m. Illinois state police covering expressways in southern Chicago reported just two drunken-driving arrests around midnight and a third Wednesday morning. The Minnesota State Patrol made just 25 arrests for drunken driving New Year's Eve — down from 40 to 45 on an average weekend night. Wednesday's activities followed New Year's Eve festivities that included about 100,000 people gathered in the nation's capital for the third New Year's Eve party in and around the Old Post Office Pavilion on Pennsylvania Avenue for rock music, fireworks — and ballroom dancing inside. "Times Square has more of a history, tradition," said Mayor Marion Barry Jr. "But we're gaining on them." A traditional New Year's observance in Detroit — firing guns into the air at midnight — apparently was more subdued than in past years, when people have occasionally been killed or injured, police said. No firearms- related arrests or accidents were reported as of Wednesday afternoon, officers said. Today Inside VIOLENCE breaks out at an overcrowded West Virginia prison. See story, Page 7. SALINANS USHER IN 1986 with a midnight run, babies' births. See stories and photos, Page3. THOUGH IT WON'T be official until the final AP Poll is released this afternoon, third- ranked Oklahoma wrapped up the national championship with a victory over top-ranked Penn State in the Orange Bowl while Nos. 2 and 4 — Miami and Iowa — were blown out in the Sugar and Rose bowls. Classified 14-16 Entertainment 18 Farm 13 Fun 17 Living Today 6 Local/Kansas 3 Nation/World 5 On the Record 7 Opinion 4 Sports 9-12 Weather 7 Weather KANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy through Friday. High today mid-40s to low 50s, low in 20s. Word-watch group calls open season on 'doinglunch' SAULT STE. MARIE, Mich. (AP) — If the Unicorn Hunters have their way, "yuppies" looking for something "fun" to buy before "doing lunch" would become as rare as the horned horse which is the word- watching group's namesake. As it does every New Year's Day, the group, based at Lake Superior State College, released its annual Dishonour List of Words Banished from the Queen's English. In addition to "yuppies," "fun" and "doing lunch," this year's list included linguistic hybrids "infotainment" and "communicaster" and certain uses of "explicit." The list came from more than 3,000 words and phrases nominated for "mis-, mal- and over-use and general uselessness," the language watchdog group said. And the nominees were well dispersed. "This year, everybody seemed to be taking pot shots at everything," said professor Peter Thomas, the chief herald of the group, which claims writers, poets and artists among its 40,000 members. Nominators ranged from an 88-year-old retired battle ship captain to a man who, as a trainer, talks to dolphins for a living. Dolphin chatter makes about as much sense as some phrases, the group said. For example, "done in good taste," as in nude photos, was nominated by Sandra M. Lauder of Pittsburgh. "This means only one of something is showing, or maybe all of something, but in poor lighting, or perhaps that which is showing is too small to be considered in poor taste," she wrote. The group's annual Redundancy Repetitive Award Citation went to James V. Healion of New Haven, Conn., for nominating "Our patrols will have to take a visual view," a phrase used by United Illuminating Co. in connection with Hurricane Gloria. Michael O'Connor of Marine City, Mich., complained that the connotation of "explicit" is getting lost, especially when it's hooked to other words, such as "lyrics." "Will this rich and expressive word have its meaning narrowed and inextricably entwined with sex, violence and drugs?" he asked. "In a few years, when you ask a young lady to be explicit, will she slap you in the face?" "Yuppies," usually used to refer to young urban professionals, was cited by Larry Wilson of Toronto. He said the term was used "when the person using it wishes to discriminate against young adults who like to wear clean clothes." Nickie McWhirter, a columnist for the Detroit Free Press, nominated "fun" as an adjective that leads to deception. "It is a conniving impostor of a word," she wrote.' "Fun fur' means 'fake fur.' 'Fun' can also mean 'silly' or'useless.' " And Bob Clark of Palm Springs, Calif., was blunt in his nomination of a popular luncheon invitation. " 'Let's do lunch' makes me want to throw up," he said. New Year's resolutions just made to be broken By KAREN MEIS Staff writer A consensus among some Salina senior citizens is that New Year's resolutions are made only to be broken. As they played cards or visited with friends, those at the Leisure Years Center, 245 N. Ninth, earlier this week con-_ templated making resolutions for the coming year. Most decided it was not worth their time <$ effort. Powell Paradis Fox Katherine Powell, 73, said any attempt to make a New Year's resolution would be worthless for her. "I'm just as ornery from one day to the next," she said while sipping coffee. "If I made a resolution, I'd break it anyway." Powell said she is not perfect, nor does she intend to reach perfection. She has and always will have her bad habits, she said. "I don't think it makes much difference to make a resolution unless you have something specific to make a resolution for, such as smoking or drinking," she said. Jay McDowell, 86, shares Powell's reason for avoiding resolutions. "I just make them to break them. I'm not into that sort of thing," he said. "If I want to change my ways, I don't need to make a resolution to do it." Monsignor Adolph Ajhecker, 75, and Armand Paradis, 72, decided upon a joint resolution while playing a game of pool. Paradis said he is going to "help as many people as he can." Ajhecker echoed his sentiments, and the two men sealed the resolution with a handshake. Paradis' wife, Lorene, 70, said if she had to make a resolution it would be to "be a better housekeeper." "I need a lot of improvement in that area," she said. Mildred Dorffeld, 68, joined the ranks of the few at the center who plan specific resolutions for the coming year. She hopes to better manage her money and spend it on her schooling at Kansas Wesleyan. Dorffeld is enrolled in a French class in preparation for a three-month European trip next fall. Overall, however, New Year's resolutions seemed to be few and far between at the center. "I let things come as they may. I just let the good Lord take care of me," said Anna Smith, 80. "If you make them (resolutions), you break them — and then you feel bad." Les Fox, 79, summed up the majority view. "I don't make New Year's resolutions for one simple reason," he said. "That way, I won't have anything I have to live up to."
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month