The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on September 27, 1996 · Page 6
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 6

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Salina, Kansas
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Friday, September 27, 1996
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Page 6
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AB FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1996 HOME/GARDEN THE SALINA JOURNAL T ANTIQUE DETECTIVE Emperor inspires porcelain designs ANNE GILBERT Artists hired to create Empire style during Napoleon's reign There is still a mystique about antiques that can somehow be linked to Napoleon. Not only did he change the face * of world history, but also world furniture and porcelain fashions. Clues When the initial "N" appears on porcelain or furniture, an unknowledgeable collector instantly assumes ^ the item was designed for Emperor Napoleon and was used by him and Josephine. The truth is, few, if any, actually belonged to Napoleon. French porcelain companies, such as Sevres, made monumental vases depicting Napoleon's conquests. Their bases invariably had a crown, a giant letter "N" and a laurel wreath. During Napoleon's reign (17991815) designers and artists were hired to create a new style that came to be known as "Empire". These designs continue not only into the late 19th century, but even today, as reproductions. Edme' Samson et Cie of Paris made a fortune reproducing porcelains from museums and private collections. Among them the Napoleonic Sevres vases and urns. Figurines of Napoleon and tea sets with the laurel wreath and the initial "N" were made by various Italian porcelain factories in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In furniture, the Directoire (Empire) style used less gilt, bronze and native fruitwood, replacing them with mahogany. Symbols such as the laurel wreath, pikes and arrows replaced the symbols of the monarchy. When Napoleon came to. power, he employed two architect-designers, Charles Percier and Pierre Fontaine, to develop the new style. They felt surroundings similar to the ancient Roman Emperors would be proper; classical furniture with severely rectilinear shapes, straight lines and gilt bronze ornamentation. Not only did it have the Emperor's initial, but eagles, floral motifs and lion heads. As Napoleon swept across Europe, the conquered countries adopted his furnishings. Many Italian pieces that turn up at auction show the French influence to such an extent as to be confusing. When he conquered the Nile delta, Empire designers began copying ancient Egyptian styles. This led to polychromed and gilded wood furniture designs. The closest England came to Napoleonic tastes was English Re- Anniversaries are published in the Sunday edition, the deadline is noon Thursday. Forms are available at The Journal office, 333 Morton Goldberg Galleries One of a pair, this urn sits on a conforming porcelain pedestal. The pair, depicting Napoleon's conquests, sold at auction for $30,800. gency. Grecian couches and a chair based on the Greek Klismos chair are definite offshoots. In America, followers of the Empire style used exotic woods including satinwood and rosewood. While you should think twice when you spot pieces with the letter "N," give them a second glance. Rare antiques turn up in unexpected places. If the price is right, what can you lose? Do your research and if you were wrong, sell them to somebody else. S. Fourth, detailing all information the staff needs to write the announcement. Pictures (of couples married 50 years or more) should be 3-by 5- inch black and white glossy prints. Snapshots will not be accepted. Photos are returned by mail if an address is provided. T GARDENING Hail to the great pumpkin Notoriety rather than prize money motivates most giant pumpkin growers By JANE SCHMUCKER The Toledo Blade TOLEDO, Ohio — Some people will try just about anything to grow a bigger pumpkin. Mike Criblez hums a C note to set the mood as he pollinates his plants with Q-Tips. A 6-foot-2, 240-pound Lafayette, Ohio, truck driver, Criblez admits there's little chance that even a pumpkin plant could mistake him for a bee, but he still checks his pitch at the piano before heading out to the patch. Richard Speer tried nursing his pumpkin plants with three gallons of milk a night. He kept cows at the time, so he didn't pay grocery store prices to baby his patch. Tim Parks, director of the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers from Salem, Ohio, put his plants on birth control pills one year. In hopes the hormones would produce a big fruit, Parks dissolved three pills a day in water for his plants. He used doctor's samples of the pill, but acquiring his stockpile was a bit embarrassing. Attempting to be a bit of a standout, however, is why most people who grow huge pumpkins spend hours doting over their plants, pay dues to big-pumpkin associations, and drive for miles to enter competitions or trade seeds with a grower known for champions. There's a $14,000 prize for the world's largest pumpkin (the current record is 990 pounds), but money is hardly the main motivator. Regular 'biggest pumpkin' winner Criblez, who used to spend up to three hours a night tending to a couple of pumpkins before he installed a more efficient irrigation system, once won $100 in a big pumpkin contest sponsored by a car dealership. He's also won the largest pumpkin contest at the Allen County (Ohio) Fair all but one or two years since he first entered in 1984. And for his efforts, which include a 220-pounder to his name, he receives a ribbon and a $2.50 premium. Parks, who lavishes 30 minutes a day on his two pumpkin plants, uses his best for dis- Scripps Howard News Service World Pumpkin Confederation member Richard Speer, Milan, Ohio, sizes up one of his prize pumpkins. Each year, Speer raises about 10 pumpkins that weigh more than 450 pounds. He sells them form $100 each to a Florida buyer, who resells them to businesses for displays down South where it's too hot to grow big pumpkins. play in front of a garden center he manages. Last year he raised a 748-pounder. But over time he's bought more giant pumpkins than he's ever sold. Before he was a serious grower, he often bought the biggest pumpkin at the local fair for the storefront. Speer might actually get a decent return for the time he invests. Although he once raised a pumpkin that hit 580 pounds on his farm scales, he says he's too busy truck farming to even check on his giant pumpkins every single day. Officially retired from a Frito Lay route, Speer raises two acres each of asparagus and blueberries along with big plots of watermelons, muskmelons, pie pumpkins and gourds that he sells to an IGA and farmers markets. He isn't just in it for the money, though. Speer drives to Collins, N.Y., every fall with his pumpkin, cushioned by 10 inches of foam in the pickup bed, to enter the World Pumpkin Confederation Weigh-Off. He's never had the top pumpkin, but a 238-pound watermelon in 1991 earned him a plaque for his kitchen wall. In fact, big pumpkins are so much a part of Speer's life that he keeps his membership card to the World Pumpkin Confederation in his wallet. Criblez has heard that pies can be made from the big pumpkins, but he doesn't have the heart to cut them up. "Most of the time I just look at them ... ." That's about all the big pumpkins are really good for, according to Mark Bennett, an associate professor of horticulture and crop science at Ohio State University. "Besides displays in the fall, I'm afraid , they just go to a compost heap," Bennett says. J-C4i.ri.i3, VVJ.ll/ J.CIVJ.OJ1GO UU IJliUHUCO C* \AO.J UJJ. UJJCCJ. U.1J.VCO \,\J UUJJ.J.11O, J.N.J.., CVC1J J.CU.1. W1L11 III.CJ' JUOL Q\J LU a IsUJlJlJUOL 11CCIIJ, UCilJUGLU his two pumpkin plants, uses his best for dis- his pumpkin, cushioned by 10 inches of foam says. Vine crops play natural part in fall decorating * Small DUmpkinS Wear Five kinds of pumpkins make up the This is a fairly new class of pumpkins. imB^^^mgmm , , ,, , ,. list of common varieties: giant, lack o Their small size makes them useful in CHIP MILLER KSU-Saline County Extension Horticulture Agent Small pumpkins wear Halloween faces; 'baby' varieties adorn tables Autumn decorating is becoming popular. The colors — oranges, browns, yellows — go with our natural autumn season. So, pumpkins play a natural part in decorating for fall. As members of the vine crop family called the cucurbits, pumpkins are in the same family as gourds, muskmelons, squash, and watermelons. Most often confused are pumpkins and squash. There's a fine line between pumpkins and squash. We call anything round and orange a "pumpkin" and anything with some other shape "squash". Botanically, these are the same vegetable. Five kinds of pumpkins make up the list of common varieties: giant, jack o lantern, small, baby, and miniature. The giant variety consists of pumpkins weighing 20 or more pounds, while the jack o lanterns average about seven to 20 pounds. Shapes and sizes range from the more rounded to some that are more elongated. Some are dark orange and some are bright orange. Some are smoother than others, which makes them easier to paint. In the last few years, we've even had a number of white variety pumpkins. Most popular with children, though, is the small pumpkin, which is usually about five to seven pounds. Growers like the smaller varieties because little kids can come out to pick-your-own farms and handle the smaller sizes. Even smaller yet is the baby size, weighing from two to four pounds. This is a fairly new class of pumpkins. Their small size makes them useful in table decorations. Rounding out the group are miniature pUmpkins. Uusually less than a pound, they are about the size of a tomato. Because pumpkins take 90 to 110 days to develop, planting usually occurs in early June. As they begin to enlarge during August and early September, they also start to gain color. Besides color, the pumpkin develops a thick, hard shell (rind) as it matures, while the stem dries and toughens. If you harvest a pumpkin before it's mature and the rind isn't hardened yet, it will shrivel and dry out. Once the rind toughens and hardens, it provides a protective envelope around the pumpkin. The pumpkin can sit on your porch or in your basement for months and not deteriorate. #1 CHOICE LAWN WINTERIZER "ULTIMATE FERTILIZER »A . AEELY TO ALL COOL SEASON |V GRASSES IN SEPT. & NOV. Farmer's Coop Water's True Value JJ News You Can Use Salina Journal NEW! HIDDEN TRACKS CAT WORK BOOTS! with oil resistant ealw end W*y'$ to prove It, K FABRIC COAT Mon.-Sat. 10AM-9PM Sun. Noon-5 p.m. Salina Regional Health Center

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