The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on December 10, 1946 · Page 20
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 20

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, December 10, 1946
Page 20
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'ln'post offlofr-at Bakerafield, California, as second clasr :- ja_iT_Ba«~tSie act of Congress Much 3 f 1879, * . ;W _*-MEMBEROF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS „ "Tho-'ABSoelated Press 13. exclusively entitled tojuae (or publication . o! all newB dispatches .credited to it or not-otherwise credited in ; thl»; paper, and ojso tha local news published therein. -Bj; loaaTaeUvery or'ib'etal zones in rtat» tt California, Jl.OO per 'montli;_«!x months, }S; yearly rate, til, ntfictly to advance. By-moll outside state of California, J1.25 per ] ' BACK TO WORK N-sWiDE there was encouragementyes- %day with the return of 280 ? 000.miners ,to the coal pits and-with the promise'thai Tfufl, crews 'would resume work throughout ie 'coal-producing regions. The resumption means ^faat the steel mills and the auto- 'jnobile factories will renew operations and that transportatio'n will be tremendously .improved.; So we have the right to believe that ^difficulties due to labor-industrial disputes «retehind'Us temporarily. \Meatitime, the Supreme Court purposes to gj[ve!a._quick ruling on the contempt convic- -tiGn of Mr. Lewis and his United Mine Work- ^ers,' the .date of -the hearing being set 'for /January 14 when arguments will he pre- ^erited by counsel on hotli sides. The decision ;of* Jiidge~ .Goldsborough could thus be affirmed or rejected any Monday after the arguments are completed. ;But the legal .phases aside, it is good that the miners promptly heeded the order of their leader who told them there "should be no hesitation about getting back to the pits/ civil war/ " Russia aW'jier munist-dominated: Frarice>and rSpamsh E Republicans, in' exile, -dp, not'fayor;ltn;&*Franco goveranient. 4 Bui 5 does not;cqntrpt jflfere^as r in aE other 'countries, rest tions, but what iwould be the : effect;upon;the future of the world organization-Jiff Hhat should come about? J How long^oiild it be before some other country would ; insisir:that the U. N. determine .whether "I or t^bt an existing government-created by: the people, should be*eliminated? / When ftHere^e so many, problems "that press for solution, it would seem that'what means ."peace; for a country cannot readily be^determined by delegates of the world organization. .: Probably the world would be. gratified if Franco were to retire, and if his first thought were the welfare of Jiis country,' doubtless he would do that very thing." long as the people of Spain desire to, or are willing to continue his regime, just SQL long does it seem that a problem is created that the United Nations cannot solve. ' . - -By -PETER EDSON, NEA Washington Correspondent * ;{WASElSrGTpJf,-<Dec. 10.— From the- little * island; ; of- ' Iceland comes , a flsh.sWry-^Krnieh reveals better than a t book some of -the International sherianigaiis'.now' going- on in, recon verting -~ this J -world from war to peace , Icelandjjs economy Is wJrappea,;aroiini|fish;-"S.-onvthe sale orifaf.fisff catch" J:o:foreigh.countries Iceland gels~ the 1 money to b'uy coa: and lumber.and.macninery and other things it needs _to keep going. . TVhen the~'NaKis moved into Norway and v DenmaB^; most -of this fish, trade was Jlost.'-Iceland's fish were sold to' England anfi during the war they accountiarfor about a third of the British fish- supply. - When trie M : i States got -in to .w; AND 30 YEARS AGO ALWAYS have had taxes under this government of ours, we always will have taxes, and that is'not all, we always should have taxes. But there are taxes and taxes. Thirty years ago the annual tax per family in the United States—and by "tax" is meant federal, state and local—averaged in the Neighborhood of $100. That meant that the • people paid $1 out 'of every $10 for govern- mlehlal support. How does that compare .jvith taxation today? Reduced again to the family unit, instead of $i out 'of"every $10, now it takes $1 out of every $3 to support the several.units of government. .Mr. Truman has recently announced his opposition to a reduction' of taxes and so haye some other officials in high places, but we may be sure that the result of the recent election figures reflected something far-mOre important than partisanship. As a, matter of fact, little attention was given to party alignment in that contest. And today co-operation in government to reduce costs will be in keeping with the verdict rendered by the people last November. . But of course we cannot have a reduction in taxation until another very important matter receives intelligent attention. • That is the regulation of the "cost of government. One of the main, reasons why 30 years ago we got along with $1 tax out of every $10 as against the rate of today, is because of the present waste of funds in government management. If the President and his affiliates are not too enthusiastic about reducing taxes they can at least aid in making it possible for Congress to undertake that job through a very drastic reduction in government costs. And by government costs we mean costs in all.imits of government as well as in Washington. _. I EAST COAST SITE ,, • T APFEARvS now that Sari Francisccf is out of the running insofar as the selection of a permanent home for the United Nations is concerned. The government 'of our own country has joined with the. Soviet block and Great Britain-and announces preference for an East, Coast site. Thajt may be disquieting news to Mayor Lapham and some othersjn authority in the Bay city, but we doubt if there is much .popular sentiment in the northern metropolis in favor of turning over the Presidio for a permanent home for the international organization. / .' Meantime, the people in that area and elsewhere throughout the United States are v interested in th#fact that this government may pay 23 millions of dollars apt je,ar for the maintenance of the United Hatipns, with the amount finally limited to one-third of the whole cost. Just why, out of 54 nations, the United States should pay such propor-tion of cosj, nobody pretends to say, not even Russia and Great Britain. That .seems to- be the program up to now and doubtless it will^find favor with the assembled delegates whether it does eventually with Congress and other governmental authorities. GAVE SOUND ADVICE , A STATEMENT made by Daniel J. Tobin, pres- ;Ti.ident of the American Federation of Labor Teamsters' Union made during the recent strike in Oakland was to the effect that "No general strike has ever yet brought success to the" labor movement. On the contrary, the only result of a general strike is to persecute and inconvenience the public and seriously to inconvenience the thousands of lair employers with whom we have contracts." _ That thought is very true and most timely. Wherever a general strike has been called -with the-purpose of strengthening the cause of iabor, it has resulted not only in injury to : wage-earners but to the public. Leadership in'the labor movement can contribute very materially to prevent a general strike which, lop often, follows an effort to solve a problem of lesser import. Strength of organization depends in a very \considerable measure upon popular support and 'that,should be recognized by leaders bdth in labor and in industry.. They have an obligation to avoid such disturbances as are . certain to militate against the welfare not only of the.people but of both of the'coniend- ing" factors. THE FRANCO REGIME 'B, WONDER; if the movement for world gy#; peace ^vjll be strengthened by refusal p£-the .United "Nations to recognize the kind '•-^f-igoVeriinienl that any^a'ven nation elects ib^Mve.iThat: thought naturally presents "itself as we observe.the very definite move• anerit designed'to eliminate the Franco regime and"at>the earliest possible day. Of cdu£se,;liberty-ioving people are not in favor of a Tider/like Franco nor a government such'as hVcontrols, but that is something that directly, concerns 'the Spanish people SCHOOL BETTERMENT "" v teachers in the public schools and the i. entire educational system of the state, for that matter, will soon be the beneficiaries of the favorable action upon Proposition No. 3 on the November ballot which provides foil a minimum salary of $2400 a year-for teachers and $120 ,a year per pupil from the kindergarten to the junior college. -The voters of the state understood the importance of this proposal and 1,250,000 .of them gave a, Yes vote, with the opposition negligible. 4 The teachers, themselves,'and the Parent-Teacher Associations were influential factors in securing approval of this Act. ' Says a writer in the California Feature Service: "It now devolves upon the state legislature to adopt a measure providing for an apportionment of the newly increased school fluid. California legislators haye always been attentive to the heeds and problems of the school and we have every confidence tliat in the 1947 session they will approye a fair and equitable plan of allocation." ^ * •* RANDOM NOTES With three dead on the highways during the week end and eight injured, added emphasis is given to the value of the meeting called by civic bodies and winch,is, expected, to include 250 representative citizens for Wednesday evening at the Bakersfield iuriior College building. Chief E. Raymond'Cato of the California Highway Patrol wilLbe present and there will be a number, of important features at this, gathering "under, the auspices of the County Chamber of Commerce. Weekly, yes daily, there is additional proof of the need of more care in driving* The im- .provement of "the highways will aid in the solution of the traffic problem but there must be wide co-operation of drivers if we.are to have a lessening of the terrible record that is now being written throughout California and, in fact, all over -the nation:,. Federal, state, county and-municipal authorities are interesting themselves in this'; scheduled meeting and the hope is that the gathering will include representative^ citizens who will carry the message to many, thousands of people throughout the county. And another -week-end development ,has to do with something else beside "safety in driving. Police "during those days tbooked three motorists on drunken driving and tnany others for petty crimes, the number of which appears ^to be rncreasm^sjfeadilvi, Obviously not only the Highwa%'B|trqi -has sonic busy hours ahead of it but/iVnaye the police officers;in municipalities.. .> u" therwar and Iceland became in important 'base on ;the lifeline to Europe, American' ( troops took over from the British. Army built a big airfield at Leflavik, and in a fancy three-way, deal, the United States bought Iceland's fish catch, lend leased it-to -the "British, supplied Iceland with- American coal and such other essential, civilian goods as could be spared. Except for the fishing business, Iceland's economy practically stood still. Prices soared. The eost <X Irving' went from 300 to 590 per ,eent above. the j ^prewar levels. Wages were advanced by law as the prices went up. . With 1 ; the'end of'the war came the end of lendJease. The British found they could buy' ash. elsewhere at lower prices. Iceland was stuck with a good fishing industry, built up at higher prices, and no place' to. sell it. The United States couldn't use the fish. There, was a market for herring oil, for margarine, and for cod liver, oil, but not for fish. Then last'August there appeared in the -Icelandic capital At Reykjavik a five-man Russian^ purchasing mission. sJt came empowered to buy the entire Icelandic fish catch. Prices offered for frozen fillets were about 30 per cent -higher than -had been offered 'the Icelanders in wartime. Prices offered for herring oil were 60 per o%nt higher, prices for cod liver oil were roughly comparable to United States prices. But the Russians smartly dickered that they 'would buy the,fish only if they go't the oils. That froze the United States out, of the market. ** • Not only"-that, but the Russians also offeyed to supply the Icelanders with all the coal and lumber and other civilian goods needed.- Prices at which the Russians offered to sell these goods were far below prices, at which similar supplies could be delivered by 'United States government or private business exporters. . - ..' ~ All this ,was happening at a time When United States negotiations for peace-time rights to use the Keflavik airfield were at their height. "Communists in the Icelandic althing—the world's oldest^, parliamentary body, by the way—were objecting ^violently to letting the United States ^ have any rights. Late-in September, there was a three-day general strike In protest against United States' use of ,t«e field. In the ejid the Althing ratified the treaty^ United States troops will all be out of Iceland by April.- United States planes can use Keflavik Field as long as United States occupation forces remain in Germany. "United States commercial planes may also use the field. But a few-days after the Althing approved' this agreement, the cabinet or prime ministers; Olafur Thors had to resign. What happens next-is ia the lap of the Gods. , If the United States had been able to-bolster the Icelandic economy by buying its fish and selling coal and lumber, the American bargaining publie call for action to protect it against union-made suffering has had—and this is the strange part From the Files of Tne Californian TEN TEARS, AGO -(The Califwman, this data. 19J6) Miss Helen Berges has been elected president of Young Ladies Institute. "Mrs. Prank: Digier has been chosen to head the Soroptimists for the coming year.^ f , Midshipman il. H. Buaas has been named manager of the navy football team for-the next year. He is a junior at the United States Naval Academy at-Annapolis. cent more mixed censure and'sup- King Edward VIII has abdicated Port, and 12 per cent blamed past s fhriwA friii* "\Ti«e fiirnnc-svn rti-,,3 -^WunflpriTiP 1 * flrtrv»!ttiot**ofirt«t>" /«>»-. *u-. News Behind the News" -(By PAUL ilALLOX)- WASHINGTOX. Dec. 10.—The the best remedy against public suf- of it—no leadership whatsoever. fering and a national breakdown of the economy might thus be put into effect. From this analysis of the factual nniir „„=*„ tv t iv. i j condition also 'you may conclude a. Only one-fourth of the press had spec!al sessiO n of Congress (which reached for congressional leadership by December 1, says a weekly survey of newspaper opinion (Twohey analysis). Only 7 per cent actually gave-positive support for Mr. Tru- contains the latest nationally elected public officials) should be called as Byrd demands. Congress Is- fresh from the people. They must be entrusted -with responsibility to which they were elected. The administra- man in the Lewis coal strike proced- *• y were elected. Tno aammisira- iire> hofr,™ n, r- i ••, i. v | tjon just does not seem to be uble n, r- i ••, ' l * P er ! to do much in any respect aside from his throne for Airs. Simpson and will marry the American woman soon. The Duke of York will govern the empire as George VI. ' Walter Cooper was elected to head General William R. Shafter Camp No. 31 United Spanish "\Var Veterans last' jiight. position would stronger. have been - much The Russian deal was of course too good to turn down. The Icelanders had to take it. ' • Since it was made the ^Russians have been right on the dot with their deliveries. Supplies of coal and lumber move out of Baltic sea ports. They may or may not be coal and lumber which the Russians are taking as reparations from ^Germany, Finland or other Russian occupied areas of eastern Europe. Only the Russians know where the stuff comes from. Nobody knows, either, where the Icelandic fish go except that recently some of them turned up in Czechoslovakia, for sale to • the Czechs at prices lower than the Rus-' sians had paid the Icelanders for them, and at'prices lower than other fish on sale in Czechoslovakia. Of course the equivalent' of the Russian taxpkyer doesn't know anything about this kind of economic deajjng off the cuff. Totalitarian governments don't have to report such things to the citizenry. - ' The moral for the United States is that in its international trade arrangements for the future, it is ;oing to bave to meet more" and more competition of this kind. And •meh'fishy deals are pretty hard to beat. Hollywood Column By ERSKINE JOHNS.ON, NEA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD, Dec. 10. — We were talking to Sir Cedric Hardwicke but looking at Miss Lucille Ball. Ihicille is much prettier than Hardwicke, and, what with the ' gown she was partially -wearing for the movie, /'Personal Column," it was very difficult not to loot at her. It was a very long dress from the waist down, for it reached th,e floor. But from the waist up it 'was- short —so short that there was more of Lucille Ball showing than there was of her dress. i. Anyhow, we were discussing the "current inflation with Sir Cedric. "I sometimes wonder," he said, "long it can.-keep up." -"As long as the adhesive tape holds," we suggested. "Pardon?" said Sir Cedric. Then he noticed we were looking at Lucille Ball, and he turned to look at her,, too. "Anyway," he said, "it can't go on forever." Then he took another quick look •at Lucille, murmured;. "Elastic, possibly," "Rubber elastic.' he "Maybe spirit gum," we ventured. Lucille disappeared into her dressing room. We gave-Sir Cedric our undivided attention. "Who do you. think is the best aetor on the screen?" Sir Cedrip said that question was very difficult to answer. "I have my.own opinion as to who are the top stage actors, but it's Aif-" ficult~to choose standards for judging a film actor. So many technical factors must be considered." "Such as , . . ?" "The camera, lighting, the cutting room. About the time a film actor decides he has achieved quite a professional standing, along comes some actor—even a child—who has never acted before, and his simplicity and naturalness make the veteran look affected." Lucille came out of her dressing room; /'Celluloid, maybe," Sir Cedric sug- ge,sted, hopefully. "Or fresh-colored piano wire." Lucille walked by. /'Maybe it's whale-bone," ,we said. '"Could be," replied Hardwicke. "Or just faith." "Did you ever, think you would like to direct a motion picture?" we asked. "I wouldn't mind if I didn't have to be my own producer, too. I -was one of the producers on a Hollywood- made picture, but I was considerably handicapped in achieving the prestige - our more prominent producers enjoy. No ulcers, you know. j "It was a humiliating experience, j I didn't dare show my face at Romanoff's for weeks." Lucille Ball walked by again, and this time she stopped. "Do you mind if I ask you a question, Lucille " said Sir Cedric brashly. "We two have been wondering what • • •and . TWENTY YEARS AGO j, (The Californian. thfs date, 1926) Lieutenant' Commander Richard Byrd will address a meeting of Sciots here January 28. L-. E. Foust has been re-elected president of Bakersfield section of the Chamber of Mines and Oil. More than 200 workers in the shops of Southern Pacific Company will be affected by a 1-cen.t an hour pay increase. Three inches of snow fell on the Ridge Route south of Saudberg's last night but traffic is safe todav. Members of St. Joseph's Catholic Church are expecting to hold their Christmas -services in their new $100,000 edifice, corner of Baker and Pacific streets. THIRT-Y TEARS AGO CEhe Cahforman. thi<j date. 3916) At a quadrennial meeting of Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, it was reported that one marriage in 10 is broken by divorce and that in some states the proportion may be as high as 4. Quality of the new 5-cent loaf of bread in San Francisco is reported to be "not so good." Bakers report it is not up to standard but is good and wholesome. Senator Works of California de clared in- Washington today that the Japanese phase of the immigration bill,is a menace to America. Word from Paris today reveals the General Petain will replace General Joffre on the western front. FORTY SEARS AGO (The Cahlonilan. this d.ue. 1906) ' Headlines—Terrific- Gales Sweep Over Pacific Coa^t, One Killed and Many Injured by Falling Walls in San Francisco. Building Collapse Causing Loss of Many Hundreds-of Thousands o£ Dollars. Augustin Soleto, 60. suffered from a fractured collar bone and twg broken ribs, when he fpll from a wood wagon on H street last night. Beginning with tonight the Bakersfield Opera House will be heated by two large stoves. Born December 8, to Mr. and Mrs. H. Smith, a son. Late Saturday night fire destroyed rig Ko. 4 of the Wolverine Oil Company in the Kern River Oil Fields. Mrs. Lucy Hall will be installed as worthy matron of the Eastern Star chapter tonight. blundering administrations" (for the trouble I could name one.) the great remaining bulk wanted to do something fast but did not agree what. The unions say the public should take it, accepting complete disruption of living even in a general -strike (Oakland) or disruption of heat in midwinter. Employers, through their National Association of Manu- convention leaned back- facturers ward in they passed the decision to "congress' asking only revision of the Wagner Act and abandonment of the closed shop, while mentioning some other things. Senator Byrd urged a special session immediately to act But the current official Republican weekly newspaper omits " entirely mention of union legislation in a the field of nonpartisan foreign policy. .Housing Administrator Wyatt j now has quit for instance, because Mr. Truman sided with George Allen of RFC in inner administration dealings over large loans for housing projects demanded by Wyatt—not helping the housing situation which was bad anyway. Now the urireported Ball speech put forward three principles for congressional action: (a) settlement of disputes through collective- bargain_^ ( v»l^JJV»Lt-iJ till t_/U£i (i *. V11CVLJ. V C* UU.I fyCtltl.- ? p ^°5l cally ! in e; ft» the federal government should ~ " only Intervene in cases involving public interest and (c) the employers should have equal justice with em- ployes under law. This Is not a dynamic recommendation, -might get away from the Case bill proposal of labor courts for settlement o£ disputes, would enlarge the labor department conciliation services .and of prediction! for coming possibly throw the wlioTeqiiestion ' i back into the realm of commercial, j negotiation. A period of delay for involving public necessities attempted no leadership. The only suggestion list,- approxi-1 strikes ^L, f v, a l s ™ aia * Pro&vam. was j like coal, oil, steel, transportation uueiea oy senator Ball, but be re-1 and communications was advocatetl. ceived only a. one-sentence mention stoppage of strikes in electricity, gaa m the metropolitan press, saying he and water would be prohibited". *L S .l! P ?r:,'\ at . " le , X '. A - M -' C °H Personally I believe the Re , • - - -•-" — ----- ^enuon and touched points he has advocated before. Ting leaderle&s urge without a is holding up your dress. FIFTY TEARS AGO (The Californian. ttiis date, 1SS6) SCribner & Bendel of Sanger is the' new firm that has purchased the planing mill on East Nineteenth street. A wagon load of ducks was sold in Bakersfield this morning at 25 cents a. pair, i A jail is to Buflt at Randsburg at a cost of $204. St. Paul's Junior Guild will present "Glimpses of Fairyland" a program of tableaux at Armory Hall Saturday. A full fledged vigilante committee was organized in Randsburg and it is expected that the next time there is any trouble quick justice will be administered. J. F. Dugan's store at Kern was burglarized last night. This is the leader has growre up naturally as the result of what the unions have done. The public has simply lacked a champion. The issues have long since grown out of the stage of em- ploye-employer dispute into the national area involving a whole na- tionaj economy and livelihood. It is the xmions versus the people and the people have been unk'd. Furthermore it is only natural public opinion has not centered on a remedial method because a great many defects of law have been noted, aiyl the failure ,of the unions has beeft largely one of moral leadership. They have lost human considerations. They have not only become calloused in their tactics to suffering, impositions and worse disruptive brutal violations of human rights, but Lewis first challenged the government itself and then the court. You cannot legislate anyone into being decent, sensible or hmuane. From that fact stems the confusion as to what remedy could be effective. A first thing then which might be attempted is to awaken union leadership to its moral responsibilities. A White House conference called by the' President might or .might not be successful in -this respect. The unions themselves have no Mean leadership should call the meeting, public or private, of government, unions and employers and insist upon acceptance of a regulation program which would be effective, which would be aimed solely to protect public justice— the -simplest basic principles of it—without bein:,- punitive to the shortsighted union leaders. Agreement would get conformance. I think Senator Taft. Speaker-to-be Martin, Carroll Reece and some other Republican directors could accomplish more than a White House conference, jumply, because they must act and Mr.'Truman already advocated in the vetoing of the Case Bill that he had no power to deal with the situation and left himself liable to just what happened. Then if the union lenders will not co-operate with Republicans in the public, to prevent public .suffering, to buck up the government and the courts, to keep the nation going, to get behind production and work—if that is proved by a conference, the public can hardly demand that such shortsightedness ba sustained perpetually, and we will comejto the question of whether the unions do* not need some new leadership elected, whether this currenF union leadership is to be broken or 'the people. Then you can pass any kind of legislation to make unions less and less important. The public then will have leadership. more cpnstjpuctive leadership than the public, but if they attempted to' exert some upon their own people, .(World cojiyricbt. lois. hi Kin? Futures Svn- dlralf. Inc. All rlFlit.i Ttttrvcij. lirproiluctioa ill fuil er in pan strictly piohlljitcd.) Views and the News, By DeWITT JIncKEXZIE, Associated Press Foreign Analyst Those rumors that Russia's Premier Stalin is a very ill man-cer- (j "Oh/ that's easy," said Lucille. 1 second time .the store has been 'It's concealed spring-steel wire." She walked off, laughing. We blushed and looked at Sir Cedric. He was blushing, too, but much more than we were. He has more to blush with, having a very high forehead. It gets higher every year. The Readers' Viewpoint . EDITOB'S NOTB-letteis should t* limited to 150 words; may _tt«c_ ide_ 3 t>_t not oersons- must not be abusfc.'and should-Tie written leeibly and on one side of the paper. Tne CaUJTomian is not tesDonsible Jor th« sentiments contained therein and reserves the right to reject an? letter letters must l»sr a_<authentic address and Blsnature, although these w81 be withheld If desired! UQUOR LAW Editor The Californian: In reading the reports of the dif- "ferent'organizations getting together to discuss crime, mental cases, disease-and juvenile delinquency, etc., I "do not see alcohol mentioned as a contributing cause; yet ~ we read in crime reports "that "alcohol is major cause of arrests"; that 80 per cent of all adult cases during November were 'caused by liquor and 20 per cent of all juvenile cases were attributed to the same cause. There were 39 juvenile cases and 8 of them were "drunknness."" ^ The nondrinking people who .allowed, the Eighteenth amendment to be repealed by their apathy and neglect to vote, some believing the wet propaganda greatly publicized at the time, should awaken to the fact that liquor in all forms, is undermining the morality of our country. To say, as-the drinkers do. that you .cannot stop drinking by law, is sheer stupidity. We cannot stop murderfrape, burglary, kidnaping, etc., but no thinking person would say to repeal those protective laws; yet'drinking-goes hand in. hand with crime, venereal disease, insanity and we are being taxed to the limit to pay for" all the misery which the use of liquor has caused. The insane institutions are overflowing; so are the jails, penitentiaries', hospitals and juvenile homes, besides thB neglected and murdered children and lives lost in accidents caused by drunken driversf t Parents" and teachers and all right- Uunking people should write to Senator, Jess-Dorsey andr Governor Warren, Sacramento, not to allow this protective law to be repealed by the liquor interests, which says that no liquor inay ba served without food at all-.times in a bona fide cafe or restaurant The liquor interests have already let'it be known that they intend to have the, law repealed when the state Legislature meets in Jan- '• uary. Sincerely, , , H. C. D. i HOUSING SUGGESTIONS Editor The Californian: I find the paving racketeers are so strong and housing so scarce that I am promoting bunding cottages out of holeproof asphalt paving material. They are much cheaper and better. Among the advantages are everlasting fireproof, heat and 'cold resistant, no sweating of walls or dampness of paved floors; the paved roof is an excellent insulation*, the vined trellis shade over roof adds coolness for asphalt roof and serves as a camouflage in event of bombing and finally no delay for .materials. If we have to take to the hills, as the Aztecs did, I suggest sybirrigat- ing with super subgrade paving machines, to minimime use of water and obviate ditches and all other surfacing expense and evaporation. This sub treatment irrigates, cultivates and fertilizes in one operation. - California has a wonderful .opportunity to enjoy a wonderful future by—meeting promptly, this housing and paving challenge. - . _ I found universal conviction in the east that California is the best bet for homes and last days. And people definitely favor government issue of costless, lawful, constitutional, money (like-Lincoln issued) and loaning it for untaxable homes at 2 percent: We are loaning to foreign defaulters at 2 per cent and begging money for the Red Cross. H. A. ZNGALL^. „ A THOUGHT FOR TODAY. Tfie beloved of the Lor<l\sJuM dwell in sdfety T>y Sim; and the LorO. sliall cover Mm all me Say long, and He Shall dwell between Ms sKoulders. — Deuteronomy S3;12. * * * Whate'er we leave to God, God does And blesses us. —Henry David Thoreau. . * " broken into in the past few days. SO THEY SAY Anti-aircraft defense guided by radar eventually reached such efficiency that SO to 90 per cent of the V-l's aimed at the London area were shot down. But If the remaining 30. to 20 per cent had carried atomic warheads there wbuld be no London today.—W. A. Higinbotham, federation of American scientists officer. We think they are not—how do you express it?—good in their clothes. The clothes are not beautiful. I speak not of the American •women. They are' beautiful. They are gracious. They _are sweet. But not their styles.—Eduard Binot, Paris designer, visiting United States. A serious situation is created by keeping very young children, say aged 3, from getting up in the morning because" they had awakened too early. A healthy child of this age wakens with the dynamic force of an animal and the vocal exuberance of a bird.—Dr. J. A. McCluskie, British psychiatrist. We got the,, bomb, but we still don't have atomic energy. They (the Germans) thought they had to get energy to get an explosion. We know the bomb is easier to develop than atomic energy.—S. A. Goud- srnit, Dutch-born Northwestern University physicist. I think I am conservative in estimating that. 300,000 dwellings now are being withheld from renters be- cause'of this growing move again&t OPA controls.—George M. Englar, president national apartment owners' association. " ^ We are in the midst of the greatest revolution that ever befell the human race. It started with the French Revolution and we have never-' finished it.—Chechoslovakian Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk. tainly give pause for serious consideration. To be sure, they haven't been substantiated in any way. On the contrary, a** Soviqt embassy spokesman in London yesterday said Staliu "is in the best of health." Eddie Gilmore, A. P. chief of bureau in Moscow, also stated three days ago: "I am reliably informed that there is no basis for reports published in Turkey that Generalissimo Stalin is 'be- riously ill.' Stalin is taking a vacation just as he took a vacation at this time last year." Still, the very fact that these reports are prevalent challenges us to speculate on what their significance Will, that's logical what happens when enough, but Stalin completely relinquishes the reins," as he must do sometime? That's tho vital question for the rest of the world.. We have no ordinary situation here. For more than a score of years Stalin has been the unchallenged head of a totalitarian dictatorship. His wqi-d has been law in a nation covering a sixth of the globe's land surface and having a pop.ulation "of almost 200,000,000. Whether you admire him or dislike him, the fact remains that Stalin .is—or has been—one of "the most powerful leaders the world ever has known. Whatever .strength Russia has developed since the revolution has been due mainly to him. He PEN SHAFTS One sure way of making a better world: Spread around the sympathy you .have for yourself. Radios were affected in the OPA's decontrol program. , Our neighbor's radio never was under control. - Vandals dumped out 26 one-gallon jars of mustard at Pitt Stadium. It shouldn't happen to a. dog. Most of the complaints over who was elected*will come from folks who forgot to vote. Hard work has a. habit of helping people to overcome being born poor.! ing. would be to the world if .they were gave her industrial power, he created true. We get one interesting slant I a huge army, and he himself was from John M. Hightower, A. P. dip- ' actual commander-in-chief of the lomatic correspondent, reporting the ' Soviet forces during the late war Big Four foreign ministers' council! He has directed Soviet foreign af- proceedings in New York. He says:: fairs, and he is given credit for hav- "Whether Stalin is in failing | ing directed the unceasing crusucla health, as Turkish reports say and Moscow and London sources deny, is a question which top officials here appear unable to answer. What they do know is that for months he has stayed in the background, while Foreign Minister Molotov and other officials took the limelight. This has led to the widely accepted conclusion among top western diplomatic officials here that if Stalin is not _in ill health he certainly is becoming the prophet and philosopher of Soviet communism rather than its daily director. In either case it is assumed that political- power in Moscow is shifting to new hands and that even though change be most orderly, Soviet leaders are anxious that it sfiould come off in an atmosphere of world calm." to communize the world. Who takes over that job? Those who have been worried and fearful because Stalin was in power, will find bigger anxiety in getting an answer to that, or so it strikes me. What single individual is capable of stepping into the generalissimo's shoes and keeping an ir<fh hand on that great Russian machine which reaches across two continents? Of course there are capable leaders in Russia. Foreign Minister Molotov is one of them and he seems to stand next to Stalin. The two -are old Bolshevists who have worked , together since their youth. Put even exceptional ability isn't enough to fill Stalin's job. It takes genius. Maybe Molotov is a genius. I would not know. Questions and Answers -(By THE HASKIN SERVICE)- " of j:he I Q. What Is the quotation from ever the same?—W. B. A. No two single fingerprint impressions have been found to be identical. This being true, the fingerprints on the' right hand are not identical with the fingerprints on the left hand of any particular individual, nor is the fingerprint on the right thumb identical with the left thumb, the right index finger identical with the left index finger, et ceter.a. Q. What =does the statue on the Mormon temple at Salt Lake City represent?— 3. ~B. A. The figure which surmounts th_e central spire of the temple at Salt Lake Ctiy ia 12 feet in height, and is of hasnmered copper, covered with gold leaf. It represents the Angel Moroni, the son of Mormon, the compiler and -writer of the Book of Mormon. Q. How many persons receive rural-delivery mail service?—B. S. • "A. At the end of the fiscal .year 1945, Approximately 29,508,000 persons were receiving, this service. To provide it rural carriers were compelled to travel about 1,435,060 miles per day. Q. Who was the last judge in the United States to 'wear a wig?—A, E. A. Justice William Gushing of Massachusetts was the last Ameri- £ £ an individual i Robert Louis Stevenson in which he "" refers to the physician standing out can judge to wear a full English wig. He discarded it when street urchins in New York ridiculed him by hoot- above the common herd?—C. A. G. A. It is as follows: "There are men and classes of men that stand above the common herd: the soldier, the sailor, and the shepherd not infrequently: the artist rarely; rarelier still, the 'clergyman; the physician almost as a rule." Q. How does Venezuela rank In the production of oil?—C. C, A. Venezuela is the • third largest oil-producing country in the world This South^American republic was producing 905,329 barrels daily by the -middle of last year, an increase of 30 per cent since the beginning of the year. Q. What artist used eggs in painting miniatui esY--JD. A. Y. A. Holbein is said to have painted his Inimitable miniature 'portraits with egg-yolk or egg-white or both Candy and^honey were also used by some of the famous painters." Q. What was the date of the National School^Lunch Act?—L. L. W A. The National School Lunch Act was signed by President Truman on June 4, 1S46. Q. What is the weight of a quart of milk?—N. C. D. r A. A quart bottle holds about 2.15 pounds 1 of milk. A reader caa set the answer lo in? (jutsslton of fact tiy wrjttai: The liakfrefitid C-Ufomiu 3morn-.anon Bureau, SI6 Kve STreftl N E Winhinstra 2. D. .C. Keaw enclose ihrei (3)' cents Tor return postage.

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