The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on December 31, 1985 · Page 14
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 14

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Salina, Kansas
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Tuesday, December 31, 1985
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Page 14
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Harvard to push wellness BOSTON (AP) — A new Harvard center hopes to enlist the media in an effort to persuade Americans to lead healthier lives, in part by training health experts to communicate more effectively in front of the television cameras. Officials say the program, announced Monday by the Harvard School of Public Health, represents a unique effort by a professional school to reach beyond its traditional audience of physicians and teach the public how to keep well. "The object of the center is to provide the public with reliable health information," said Dr. Jay Winsten. "Although we'll respond to all major public health issues, such as the AIDS epidemic, our primary focus will be on health promotion and disease prevention with a special stress on lifestyle issues." Winsten, a molecular biologist, will be head of the new program, called the Center for Health Communication. The program is part of medicine's growing stress on the importance of promoting personal habits that can keep people healthy. Elsewhere, experts have criticized doctors who rely heavily on technology while sometimes failing to tell patients what they can do to help themselves. Among issues the center plans to tackle are smoking, stress, physical fitness, teen suicide and drunken driving. Some of the subjects, such as nutrition, get plenty of media attention already, but much of the information is contradictory or misleading, Winsten said. "It is natural and important for us to try to extend knowledge and ideas to the public directly," said Dean Harvey V. Fineberg. "I think of it as an integral part of our educational mission as a professional school." Schools of public health train people, many of whom already have a medical degree, to direct efforts to promote health in the general population, such as mass vaccination programs and research into the causes of epidemics. Initially, Winsten said, the center will try to get its message across by encouraging journalists to write and broadcast more stories about health issues. "Our strategy will be to exploit targets of opportunity," Winsten said. "When the public's attention is on a topic, that's the time to attempt to deepen and broaden their understanding of it." For instance, the center will assemble a package of information about ways of combating drunken driving. When it hears about the death of a prominent person in a drunken driving accident, it will mail off the packets to reporters, talk show hosts and radio disc jockeys in the person's home town. Wisconsin will stick with its Dairyland plates MADISON, Wis. (AP) - Vacationing Wisconsin motorists won't be signaling people in other states to "Come and Freeze in the Land of Cheese" after all — "America's Dairyland" has been retained as the state's license plate slogan. Gov. Anthony Earl made that official Monday as he announced a winning new design for the state's auto tags, saying that nothing in his three years as governor, including taxes, had provoked such a public response as the plate debate. In deciding to stick with the popular slogan, Earl rejected scores of substitutes recommended to his office, including "Eat Cheese or Die" and the poetic "Come and Freeze" entry. Most of the proposed slogans were related to agriculture, including "Cream of the Midwest," "We Butter You Up," "The Udder Milky Way," and "America's Bratwurst Mecca." A bratwurst is a type of sausage. But any attempt to eliminate "America's Dairyland" probably would trigger "acriminious debate" in the Legislature, Earl said in explaining why he preferred retention of the popular slogan. The slogan has been on Wisconsin auto license plates since 1964. Before that, there was no slogan. The chance to switch slogans arose when Earl decided weeks ago that the design of a new license plate to replace the current black-on-yellow design should be voted on by the public. Shirley Phillips, Des Moines, Iowa, braved the rain to get some lottery tickets. Tough economic times promote 'sin issues'in conservative Iowa IOWA CITY, Iowa (AP) — For years, this conservative state resisted its neighbors' temptations in setting up state lotteries and allowing pari-mutuel gambling and private sale of alcohol. However, in 1985 the so-called "sin issues" won out, largely as a result of several years of economic hard times. On June 1, Dubuque Greyhound Park opened for business. On Aug. 22, the Iowa Lottery sold its first ticket. And on Sept. 12, John Gillespie Jr. opened Iowa's first private wine store, Claret & Friends Fine Wines, in Iowa City. "If you've gone through the process of trying to find money for the last three or four years... some of these things like private wine sales and lotteries begin to appeal to you. And I'm sorry to say that happened to us," said state Sen. Bill Dieleman, a longtime Republican opponent of the "sin issues." Pari-mutuel wagering, hotly debated in the state Legislature since the 1970s, was approved late in the 1983 session. Russell Ross, who teaches Iowa government and politics at the University of Iowa, said he's convinced that lowans supported pari-mutuel wagering because of the money it would generate for the state treasury. He recalled that in the mid-1960s, many lowans were outraged when bingo was legalized in the state. But time, and economic pressures, have softened lowans' traditional conservatism, he said. "When you look across the border at a $6 million jackpot in Illinois' lottery or at horse racing in Nebraska, lowans want to do that, too," Ross added. State Racing Director Jack Ketterer said the success of the Dubuque track has largely silenced critics who fought pari-mutuel as immoral, a regressive tax and as an open invitation to organized crime. During its first season, some 576,000 people visited the Dubuque track, generating $2.1 million for the state and well over $200,000 for both the city of Dubuque and Dubuque County. The Salina Journal Tuesday, December 31,1985 Page 14 U.S. gets tough with drunk drivers By The Associated Press Drunken drivers faced more than just an array of tough laws in 1985. They also faced growing public concern about their behavior, and nothing reflected that concern more than what occurred in Nevada. In that state, thousands of motorists no longer ignore erratic driving. Under a new program that encourages people to report suspected drunken driving, police received 3,841 calls, located 984 autos and made 438 arrests this year. It's happening elsewhere, as people become aware of the cost of drunken driving. In Maryland, where police monitor citizens band channel 9, the number of citizen reports of drunken drivers increased this year. And Michigan installed a toll-free line for such reports this month. The drinking age is now 21 in 37 states. "Sobriety" roadblocks are popping up on summer weekends and winter holidays. Cab companies in dozens of cities offer free rides to people who drink too much. And thousands of drunken drivers are losing their licenses or going to jail. "We are all getting closer to it by having friends and relatives killed by drunk drivers. And we finally say ... we're just not going to accept the hazards of drunk drivers," said Capt. Brent Taylor of the Wyoming Highway Patrol. Fifteen percent of Americans have had a family member injured or killed by a drunken driver, according to a Media General-Associated Press poll conducted in May. The poll also found most Americans support harsh penalties for drunken drivers. Anti-drunken driving efforts in 1985 also included programs ranging from the nationwide "National Drunk and Drugged Driving Awareness Week" in mid-December to those like one in New Mexico in which anti-drunken driving poster and writing contests were held in public schools. Forty states participated in a "D- Day on Trafficways" crackdown Dec. 13. Hundreds of arrests were made during a 13-hour period, but police said the purpose of the crackdown was to remind the public about the dangers of drunken driving before the Christmas and New Year's holidays. Are such programs working? For several years, the percentage of highway deaths caused by drunken drivers has dropped. The trend continued in 1985. And despite an increase in enforcement, most states also reported a drop in arrests. That can bjMattri- buted in part to increased awareness and to stiff er penalties. The number of states with laws requiring jail terms, loss of licenses and stiff fines has been increasing in recent years, and some states have made their drunken driving laws tougher. In Illinois, for example, first-time drunken drivers will soon face automatic suspension of their licenses. And Oregon lowered the blood alcohol content at which a driver is presumed drunk from 0.10 to 0.08. At least 12 states turned to "sobriety" roadblocks in 1985. New York, for example, conducted 203 roadblocks since January and made 416 arrests. Los Angeles police conducted their first Saturday, arresting five of 560 drivers who passed through in two hours. But such roadblocks have been challenged in court, with mixed results. In California, an appeals court upheld the checkpoints. But in Pennsylvania, an appeals court ruled that roadblocks to spot drunken drivers "are nothing more than fishing expeditions" that violate citizens' rights. Court rulings have also become a concern for bar and restaurant owners in many states, who can be sued if a drunken customer gets into an accident. Harry Bean, owner of a pub in Laconia, N.H., saw his insurance premiums rise from $1,200 to $21,000 in one year because of the risk. "You get drunk, you have an accident and it may cost you a $300 fine and the loss of your license for 90 days," he said. "It could cost me $1 million." The federal government has decided to cut off a portion of highway funds to states that don't have a 21- year-old drinking age by Oct. 1986. It is now illegal to serve alcohol to people under 21 in 37 states. Even the Pentagon joined the effort this year, requiring military bases to conform to the drinking age laws of the states where they are located. January prime time for viewing Halley's LOS ANGELES (AP) — If you haven't seen Halley's comet yet, it's time to go out and look for it because the first half of January is one of the best viewing periods. "This really is the best time for people in the Northern Hemisphere to see the comet with binoculars or the unaided eye," said Ed Krupp, director of Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles. "It's also relatively easy to find. For these two reasons, one ought to make the attempt now." From Tuesday through mid- January, and perhaps as late as Jan. 21, the comet will be visible after the last glow of twilight in the west- southwest above the planet Jupiter, the brightest object in that part of the sky. The comet will be lost in twilight in late January, then will be hidden by the sun's glare through most of February. It may be up to six times brighter in March and April than during the next few weeks. Springtime views will be more impressive for observers in the Southern Hemisphere and perhaps in the southern United States and places of similar latitudes, said Krupp and Steve Edberg, a coordinator of International Halley Watch at Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena. But the comet will be too low on the horizon during the spring to be easily visible from cities north of about St. Louis, so the next few weeks "may be the only chance to see it" for residents of cities such as New York and Seattle, Krupp added. Edberg recommended that viewers go to a dark area far from city lights and follow these viewing recommendations : • Jan. 1-7. Face southwest right after dark and find Jupiter low in the sky. Then hold your fist at arm's length, and find the dim star named Beta Aquarii about one fist-width to Jupiter's upper right. Above that star by another fist- width is the star Alpha Aquarii. Halley's comet will be just to the left of Alpha Aquarii by about the width of two fingers held at arm's length. • Jan. 8-14. Find Jupiter low near the west-southwest horizon just as twilight is ending. Again find Beta Aquarii one fist-width to Jupiter's upper right, then locate Alpha A- quarii another fist-width above Beta Aquarii. The comet will be a little to the left of an imaginary line connecting the two stars. • Jan. 15-21. Look to the west- southwestern horizon after the last glow of twilight. Find Jupiter, then locate Beta Aquarii one fist-width to Jupiter's upper right. Halley's comet will be to the star's upper left. CITY OF SALINA SANITATION DEPARTMENT We will be serving the regularly scheduled routes on Wednesday, January 1, New Year's Day. The landfill will also be open. RALPH WEIGEL Bonds - Insurance Phone 827-2906 115 East Iron Let's help each other... SAUNA'S BEST LOBSTER DEAL Discover the new taste in town — savory lobster tail at Skipper's Seafood 'n Chowder House. For just $6.99 you can enjoy a four- ounce lobster tail, served with coleslaw, baked potato or french fries, lemon and butter. Come on down today for a deal of a meal that no seafood lover should ~ miss. Only at Skipper's. Lobster Tail 1-135 and Crawford in Salina

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