'Journal Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas TUESDAY December 31,1985 114th year—No. 365 — 30 Pages When a crisis arose, any member could signal a huddle and try to resolve a problem through group discussion. Lessons of the trail applied to life Third in a series By GORDON D. FIEDLER Jr. Staff Writer BIG BEND NATIONAL PARK, Texas — The canyon walls had turned from deep purple to black by the time the 12 Passport For Adventure boys dragged into camp after eight hot miles on the trail. The sound of 40-pound backpacks hitting the dry desert gravel of Big Bend National Park almost drowned out the complaints from the youngsters. They seemed to suffer from three common ailments: blistered feet, sore backs and dry throats. From experience, the boys knew that the first chore was setting up camp. There would be no first aid for blisters, no back rubs or refilled canteens until the tents were pitched and other equipment secured. Nevertheless, knowledge of established routine didn't prevent some from trying to mine sympathy from the "chiefs," adult lead- During the late 1960s, staff members at St. Francis Boys Homes examined the histories of the boys who were under their care and found that the first signs of trouble surfaced around the ages of 10 and 11. They tried to build a corrective program aimed at that age group for boys and girls who seemed likely to develop behavior problems later in life. From their labor was born Passport For Adventure, an early intervention program conducted mostly in rugged outdoor settings for fourth through sixth grade boys and girls. ers John Karath, Cheryl Leavitt and Ken Goldberg. "Chief Ken, can I borrow your light?" "Nope. You don't need my light. You can do it without it." Another boy: "I can't find my stakes." Through the darkness, his tent mate emerged clutching seven of the metal skewers. "Well, you should have eight," Goldberg said, "but we'll go for seven." "Chief Ken, we can't find our pole that flew off somewhere," another complained. "Who's your tent partner? Look around for it, you'll find it." "Can we get water?" another pleaded. "As soon as your tent is set up," Goldberg said. Under stars the size of cot- tonballs, the A-frame shelters took shape to the clank of aluminum poles and the rustle of rip-stop nylon. With the tents erected, packs stacked and covered, the boys were ready for dinner. Because of the arid conditions in the park and the lack of wood, no open fires were allowed. Meals were prepared on Coleman Peak 1 backpacking stoves by the boys, all of whom rotated cooking and cleaning chores. The food is simple and to the point, much like the impromptu prayers from the boys before the evening meals: "Dear Jesus, help us get through tonight OK and help us have a good backpack tomorrow. And help everybody be in a good mood tomorrow. Amen." The Passport program attempts to do more than expose the group to hardship and deprivation. The three chiefs act as philosophical guides leading the youngsters to a bridge between their daily experiences in the wilderness and their life back in civilization. Much of that is done in pow-wow, a time set aside after dinner to review the day's events. The boys start by making entries in the group's journal. The length of the day's hike got top billing. Also mentioned was the (See Trail, Page 9) Today Inside PREDOMINENTLY IN THE news in 1985 were disasters, including airplane crashes, earthquakes and terrorism. See the year-end review picture package on Page 7. A 30-HOUR SIEGE ended in Newport, Ky., when police shot and killed a man who had held two teen-age boys hostage. See Nation/World, Page 5. INCREASED AWARENESS of drunk driving is reflected in new laws and citizen action, perhaps because 15 percent of Americans have had a family member hurt or killed by a drunk driver. See page 14. TWO BIG 8 football teams -r- Colorado and Oklahoma State — lost in bowl games Monday night. See Sports, Page 11. Classified 15-17 Entertainment 20 Fun 19 Living Today 6 Local/Kansas 3 Markets 8 Nation/World 5 On the Record 9 Opinion 4 Sports 11-13 Weather 9 Weather KANSAS — Mostly sunny west today, partly cloudy east. Highs in the 40s. Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday. Lows tonight in the 20s. Highs Wednesday in the 40s. Justice Department says key part of budget bill is unconstitutional WASHINGTON — The Reagan administration told a federal court Monday that a key provision of a new budget-balancing law was unconstitutional. But despite that stand, the Justice Department asked the court to dismiss a suit challenging the law, saying the 12 members of Congress who filed it had no standing to do so. The Justice Department's primary argument was that the suit should be dismissed. The questions about the constitutionality of the law were raised as secondary arguments in the event the court allowed the suit to proceed. President Reagan has hailed the law, intended to force a balanced federal budget by 1991, as essential to accomplishing his economic and political objectives. But Reagan 'said when he signed the bill Dec. 12 that it raised "serious constitutional questions.''' This was the first time the administration had flatly called any provision of the law unconstitutional. The Justice Department said in U.S. District Court that the law's procedures leading to automatic cuts in government spending violated the constitutional doctrine of separation of powers. Specifically, the administration said the comptroller general, who would calculate the cuts required in each budget account, was an officer of the legislative branch but had been given a mission that encroached on the powers of the executive branch. The comptroller general disagreed, telling the court that he would be an independent officer for purposes of the budget-balancing law. The new law sets targets for the deficit that gradually decline to zero U.S. says Libya helped terrorists carry out attacks by 1991. If the government fails to meet the target in a given year, the law requires automatic spending reductions. The cuts, half of them in the military, are to be applied broadly across the government, although there are some exceptions, including a few non-military programs that are exempt. The administration expressed its position in a legal brief filed with the court and in letters to Congress from Attorney General Edwin Meese III. .In his letters, Meese noted that the new budget-balancing law contained another way to reduce the deficit if the automatic provisions were held unconstitutional. This mechanism, in keeping with normal legislative procedure, calls for Congress to pass a bill and submit it to the president for his consideration. PALM SPRINGS, Calif. - The Reagan administration Monday accused Libya of aiding the terrorists who carried out attacks at the Rome and Vienna airports on Friday. The administration said the United States was prepared to work with other governments to "exert pressure" on Libya to halt what it called the export of terrorism. Eighteen people were killed, including five Americans, and more than 110 were wounded in the attacks at check-in counters of El Al Israel Airlines. Chief White House spokesman Larry Speakes said that although military options were always a possibility, he could not say whether they were under consideration. "There are a number of ways that the United States can take action to discourage terrorism," Speakes said. "Certainly U.S. military options are always an option, as are many other areas, and we are always considering those options. As of the moment, we don't say." A high administration official said Monday that President Reagan was awaiting delivery of a list of military options prepared by the Pentagon. The officials said, however, that it was unclear if the options involved direct military action against Libya or were more general. Speakes' comments came on a day in which U.S. officials in Palm Springs, where Reagan is vacationing, and in Washington sought to clarify American policy on responding to terrorism. Both Speakes and State Department officials said the United States favored retalialiation. Reagan recently warned that terrorists "can run, but they can't hide." Also Monday, airline and security officials said that three days before the attacks on airports in Rome and Vienna, airlines around the world were warned that groups of "Libyan- backed terrorists" were being sent to Europe for actions planned during the holidays. Based on the information, which airlines said was made available by intelligence and police organizations in Europe, at least one Western European carrier alerted its branches to be on guard against "a wave of airplane hijackings and terrorist operations" and specified that "Italy and Spain are two areas where group members are reportedly planning to travel." The warnings said "various European locations" had been targeted. The alert is still on, airline officials in New York and Western European capitals said. But they added that such warnings had often been issued in the past and were not normally followed by an explicit all-clear message. The information given to the airlines identified four Libyans and an Egyptian as members of the terrorist groups, said to be based in Athens. Because of the possible use of aliases, it not clear whether any of the terrorists in the Vienna and Rome actions were among those included in the warning to airlines. The surviving airport terrorists have identified themselves as members of a breakaway faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization headed by Abu Nidal, whose real name is Mazen Sabry al-Banna. Israeli officials have said they believe Abu Nidal, who opposes accommodation with Israel, lives in Libya and is supported by Col. Moammar Khadafy. On Sunday, the head of the Italian military intelligence service, Adm. Fulvio Martini, said that Abu Nidal was planning other attacks in Europe in the next few days. Jury finds members of The Order guilty SEATTLE (AP) — Ten members of the Jew-hating, white supremacist group The Order were convicted of racketeering and other charges Monday in a crime spree that prosecutors said was aimed at financing a civil war against the federal government. The nine men and one woman were accused of crimes ranging from the assassination of Alan Berg, an outspoken Jewish radio host in Denver and more than $4 million in robberies in 1983 and 1984. "It was the only decision we could make based on the evidence," said presiding juror Mary Ball. The trial, which began Sept. 9, included 295 prosecution witnesses, 43 defense witnesses and more than 1,500 exhibits. The all-white jury had heard three months of testimony and deliberated for two weeks. "I can't quarrel with any of it," Assistant U.S. Attorney Gene Wilson said of the verdicts. The defendants showed little reaction as the verdicts were read. Defendants Andrew Barnhill and Ardie McBrearty winked as they left the courtroom, while Randall Evans said "Christ is king." U.S. District Judge Walter McGovern set sentencing for Feb. 67. Defendants convicted only of racketeering and conspiracy to racketeer face maximum sentences of 40 years in prison and $50,000 in fines. Among the government witnesses were a dozen former Order members or associates who painted a picture of quasi-religious, right-wing extremists with plans of waging war against the federal government and establishing a homeland for white people. They said the group was founded and led by Robert Mathews, a onetime tax protester and family man who became a revolutionary bent on "giving white children a future." He was killed in a Shootout with federal agents. Among other things, prosecution witnesses said: • Order members were assigned assassination targets, such as prominent Jews and television network presidents, who were considered enemies of the white race. They considered bombing a hotel where the French Baron Elie de Rothschild, part of the Rothschild banking family, was to speak to a Jewish organization dinner in November 1983. • The group followed the plot of "The Turner Diaries," a white supremacist novel that depicts a band of Aryan warriors waging war against the government. • The federal government was referred to as ZOG — the Zionist Occupied Government. Sunflower Electric Cooperative again averts bankruptcy By LINDA MOWERY-DENNING Great Plains Editor HAYS — For the third time in less than a year, the financially ailing Sunflower Electric Cooperative at Hays has averted bankruptcy by a corporate hair. On Monday, officials of the Rural Electrification Administration said the utility would receive a 30-day waiver, which protects its board of directors and officers against personal liability on the cooperative's debt. In effect, the action allows Sunflower another month to hammer out a debt restructuring plan with its creditors. The utility, which has a debt burden of more than $600 million, used the waiver once before when it defaulted on REA-secured loans. The money was used to finance construction of the cooperative's $446 million coal-fired power plant near Holcomb, in southwest Kansas. Sunflower is scheduled to make a quarterly interest payment of $11 million today, but Steve Thompson, general manager, said the cooperative expects to default on the obligation. Under federal law, the cooperative's officers can be held responsible if any bills, including those for operation of the Holcomb plant and salaries, are paid before the government. Harold Hunter, REA administrator in Washington, D.C:, said the waiver would buy Sunflower time to work out its financial problems. He said his agency wants the cooperative to avoid bankruptcy. Speculation about a Sunflower bankruptcy increased last week after the Kansas Corporation Commission gave the cooperative a four- month emergency rate increase of $1.3 million, almost $4 million shy of the amount requested. A $5 million rate hike was part of a debt restructuring plan, which had the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation purchasing a majority of the utility's debt, thus replacing the REA as primary secured lender. After the decision last week by corporation commissioners, who blasted the cooperative's management and called for the KCC staff to investigate the utility's executives for efficiency, the CFC pulled out of the plan. Despite the failure of the scheme, which moved the utility "back to square one," Hunter said bankruptcy is not an automatic step for Sunflower—' 'absolutely not.'' Thompson agreed. > He said preliminary talks already have started with Sunflower creditors and the 30-day waiver would give negotiators time "to try to resurrect what came apart" last week. The cooperative serves 44,000 customers through eight local retail cooperatives in the western third of Kansas. Its rates are among the more expensive in the nation. Lloyd Theimer, a Colby fanner and spokesman for a Sunflower consumer group in northwest Kansas, said he was not surprised by the waiver. But he wasn't happy about it either. "I can't quite figure out why Washington is so scared to have Sunflower go bankrupt," h& said. "Out here, whatever happens couldn't be any worse than what we've got now. "We can't live with this. Economically, it's destroying western Kansas." .
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