The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on December 9, 1946 · Page 20
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 20

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Monday, December 9, 1946
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v*~ '•< ."" ~y , i: "•';- 3 -' -I 1 " X '~v-'V : i i~f\-*.fAo *v,3 "j^- ""* idoy, December 9/1946 t. *' .' * — in post-office at BakerBflaid, California, as r second c!a mall under tts ect of Congress Harch J, 1S73.,, '-.," - ,-^ MB3UBER 'OF-*HB r ASSOCIATED KRESS' The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to use tor publication of^aU news dispatches ir«diied to It or not otherwise credited 1 t&I«jpaper,-«jia also tho local news ptrtriisied therein. > - l_ REPRESENTATIVES " : Weat-HoIIiaay Co., 'Inc. rk, CnicagorSan Francisco, Los Angeles Seattle, Portland, Denver " such-; of sonie|5,06 outsideand ALFRED II A R R E L L JtHTOS iSO PUBLISHER By local delivery or postal-zones In state it California, 41.00'pe month; «Ix montbu, iSi-yearly rate, 111, atrlctly in advance. By mail outside state of California, 41.25 per month. ~ , t ••-'.'. LEWIS' BACK DOWN { I - ,06 MB..LEWIS has called off>the coal strike | , Orand ordered the miners Tiaclc to work, a { j ' . least until March 31,1947. Most of us.real- « , • ize "that fKe head of the miners* union was f ., ' directly interested in tlie Supreme Court, but I _ -•- we didlnot know that such interest was due, I in part,, to his concern for the Court I Cleverly, he says he calls off the strike so the I ~ judicial tribunal could be "free from public I b < pressure superinduced by,the hysteria and I frenzy of an economic crisis," I - , Ami then the mine union leader had an\ other- thought which is no t a new on e, it hav- ! ing been entertained by nearly all of 140,\- - 000,000 people for the days since the strike 1 • _ has been in progress. He told a news con| ference that "Public necessity requires the I quantitative production of coal during and | - - since the period," which he cries "an eco', , nomic crisis." ; | "' , .Certainly the Supreme Court's action on i ' fhe Lewis appeal was to be hastened. Mr. ; Lewis recognized that a " decision would be forthcoming as to Justice Goldsborough's findings at an early day. Just what that had to do with the determination to call off the strike we may not know, but doubtless it was an influencing factor in his sudden and unexpected decision. Perhaps Mr. Lewis was more interested in public reaction, in nation-wide -resentment, than in clearing the way for the free discussion of bis problems by tlie highest Court in thejand. Anyway, to a press conference he , appeared in a pleasant mood. He said: "Everything will go on just as it did before , November 20 when the strike was called and the contract with the government wilLagain prevail." And he added, lest there should be any misunderstanding, he would read'his statement, himself "so that newsmen might be assured that it is my own, made on this ejay and in good faith." What a pity he did not have those thoughts Before November 20 when, without notice, he called the strike which imperiled -the economic life of an entire nation and Hie -A „ health and comfort of millions. / '# \ ; .Obviously the views of President Green of the American Federation of Labor and of President Murray of the C. I. O. have undergone a change within recent years relating to Lewis. < No longer ago than October of 1941-the Weekly News Service, medium of the American Federation of Labor, spoke of the mine Jeader as headstrong, insane, arbitrary, ungovernable." It bitterly denounced the leader of the miners' union, as one who g was "gambling not only with the rights of his own-miners but with the freedom of the , -whole" labor movement." And Mr.JMurray described Lewis as "one who-is bent on creation of national confusion and national discontent" and bis news sendee accused him of "betraying the miners' union by associating it with a conspiracy to disrupt labor and national unity, to preach , uhate, division and dissension among Ameri/cans." * ' '' Yet-Mr. Green and Mr. Murray were last week urging labor and the public to - strengthen the hands of, Lewis in his menac- ~, - J°g Tnovement. Their expressed sentiment : of the same leader in the years gone by had "-• .for its basis the thought that they considered him-a dangerous leader and it was disconcerting in this crisis'to, find them giving him t _their support, , Again, it should be said tliat leadership is . ' a most Important factor in our Republic. -Never was it needed more than now, and those who support leadership which they . --have every right to believe does not serve the cause they represent are injuring; not , .* serving, their fellows nor tlie nation. ' , " - " ;We are wondering if the miners, theni- , - selves, following the history of their organi- - zation under Lewis' domination, will not be -_ ^ in agreement tliat they need a change. Cer- ~ tainly-they : had one period of idleness only "V r last spring and now another, with no explanation made as to why their leader should '-ihaye idled them nor any reason given why , , he now orders them back to work under tlie ."V f: . ^ages, working hours and conditions in ex~is; istinee at flie time he.called the strike. • 5 •; ;Well; in any event tile country will be re;', Sieved by^the unexpected surrender ofLewis, ^-' '-_ .- for that is what it amounts to, doubtless due , ,'M'"' froth toi hispfear of;the pending court decision „ » > '.and'jlis recognition of the public's dissatisj- „ ,-' "V faction with his objectionable leadership. ; i "' '". v ~- * r i •* ' " ~- r .I-*- 5 '- rTPCITY EXPANSION " ] TTirTX ABE "told that the city is to have an ;au; .^^$°^ e d Javesjgation to'deternune its - *-. y^Kfeeql<;-ji5iat, doubtless,- is important and ? : f ,;r^erhaps^it'is the" forerunner of what is even ,'/i ''^VY^—•'• "'' \ • ••'!' incorporation^but r the residen^^^t, be : con- vinced''thatit wiir^be .to^thei^iidvantage to S^ tiie 'snowy- uplands/ and the' cities. In" l hamlet; in " every ej^OEoBs, "little forests are springing 'ujR,^£prests, -of" spruce and fir^ andjpme/'sMid 1 ' along the streets ^" K . ~V ~~ -r-_ .. ~,- train'ed; knowJtKat ther'e is daee|tjf3r^yerpasses. and undei-passes. Indeed,cjve^ have^ijnpwn.^ that ago .column, of Jhis paperCre'centiy it was stated tliat a movement-was'under ;way ,to secure these essential;miprowments'at xail- w,ay crossings. ;But."the betterment has ,not come, in* tEejyears' since then: V" r j- A minimum of city taxation ,in:_addilion to-what outside residents pay-for- county government will appeal to; themf rAssurance of h'ghting and sewSge',systems/TviU' be helpful. "And 1 better " )sti-eels,"*flie improve:- ment.of street markings and their extension into other areas wifl have Approval. Perhaps the. investigation-now on foot will convince people Irving withhv the corporation of the importance of an effective administration and that members of tiie Council will be determined the value -,of- the'very best possible government the city can 'have/ so good that the thousands who live nearby will desireltd be a part of it. '".4,; . • - \,,, " ^ . The problems that are announced-as those that will receive attention are 1 jmpprtant, but of considerably more-importance is a government" which will =Wt-^efficiently, at an early day, and in a manner that; will solve suggested issues and others.required in a municipality which has the promise of being one of the important centers of the state. It is good, to note an interest in the' question of good administration. """ .. " SCHOOL BOARD VACANCY PARENTS interested in the" welfare of the L schools—and they are, as are the people generally, will regret the .resignation of Mrs. Marsa Voorhies from the city Bosbrd-of Education. In thaf position she served^the community long, faithfully arid intelligently and t is important that her successor be equally as well qualified." ' - ~_ ; - r- [ ,. /_ The 'filling of the vacancy- rests with .the School Board and in the event tliat body, does not- act within a 30-day- period the ^matter goes to the City Council. <V,7>- ..,/ t Worth-noting is the 'fact that''women's groups in the school district" are interesting hemselyes in the issue' thatlis created by Mrs. Voorhies' resignation. They .recognize hat the appointment 'of a successor is most mportant. Perhaps three positions on the School Board will be filled at the. coming ".pring election and choosing, personnel of hat body for the next term should have houghtful attention. Thfr^a'ction ;of the Board in filling the vacancy, the ; first step, will be awaited with mteresthyVthe people. RANDOM NOTES '. -,- , ,i - . , - trees, n drooping- 3,1; £rees^'ith'"tiny cones, and those that^-waft from ther branches \the -delectable" fragrance, of their mountains;, all' are coming down frbnv their lofty'dwellings to enrer into the homes of the great and of the humble, everyfivhere ,to be the center, of "the Christmas celebration, everywhere to stand as the ~ Ttiletide^" symbol of Christmas bounty and Christmas worship. - - "tyho.can impress the forest, bid the tree-'unfix his earthbound - roots?" " " - - *' . ^Vho hut the Christmas tree purveyors, those who move Birnan wood-.yearly, -not to Dunsinane but to millions of homes, through^ out the country, who carry on an-" nuaHy one, of ' the greatest seasonal industries of the world. For no "Christmas ;is complete without its tree, he^ it' ever so small, on which to hang the bright fruits of .Christmas 'joy. Most Christmas observances go -back, into antiquity -for their beginnings. Tfie Christmas tree is believed to have*its origin in tne ceremonial use of the palm tree r in worship of the Egyptian god- -dess, Isis. - A palm with twelve shoots, _one. to 'represent each, month of the year,,was carried in the festival of'jsis at the winter solstice,^ celebrating the comple-"" tibn^of one year and the beginning of another.. <Jn northern climates' this association of the palm tree .with 'December 2p, a date celebrated "in pre-Christian times as the' Yule", feast, the -winter festival, was modified by the substi- -tution of the fir tree. So we get • our .Christmas tree from the Germans, which is something to place to their- credit. „ Trees in themselves -have ever been considered, beneficient influences. In the magi<f circle of the trees, the Druids held their mystic rites. In, trees, planted nearby, lived gods to protect, <the home. -We^Jcnpck on wood,to invoice the protection," or to avert the wrath of the unseen god within, and W9 bring the'tree indoors with us at Christmas,; as part of our ancestral heritage of worship. The idea, is as old as time—but all things^ change, and tho Christ- mass tree^with it. We who are of a certain age—a term,, by the way, which denotes 'a most uncertain age-fcan"> remember the unsophisticated trees of our childhood, the spindly pine with its "determinedly Jupshootrag branches, that only the ^most disciplinary '•action;", cdlild bring, down to hold th'e candles in their, colored holders.. We can* remember how beautiful I'ifuwas— our tree—with its tnj'sel r garlands festooned around and about," and from top'to bottom, its cranberry and popcorn chains—we had made with sticky awkward fingers,- dvir- -ing happy evenings ot anticipation; we can recall the paper* dolls dancing on the brandies and.the gingerbread men, and' everything smelling lovely in that- breathless moment' when on Christmas . eve the tapers were lighted" and-tlie" warm pine needles breatlied thelr Christmas blessing, and we felt ,the rainoow^had, come to stay with "us, along with the Star of Bethlehem, shining so bravely from the, topmost bough. But that vpag long ago In J the age of our innocence, before we had become conscious of decora? tidH—before we had evolved the idea that a Christmas tree should be a work of art.'Theti we'just put everything on _lt—and next year we put,all.the same things on and a. few more—and it was red, and green, and purple,, and yellow, and blue, and it dropped its drying needles. all over the place, and no one hinted that it had no form and no line, and that it looked terrible. It was our tree and we loved it—and if it were a particularly big one, it cost all of a dollar and a half. • But now what have. weT "VVe have snobbery among the trees; the pines huddle in the backgi'ound: they smell as lovely as ever but they are the orphans of the storm, wanted only as a last resort. The Douglas firs, ,^with their symmetrical branches shove them aside, and proudly hold, out. their stiff arms for the' purchasers' embrace. And it is the firs that are sprayed with "white, that are painted blue and red an^ pink, that are hung with'balls carefully graduated in size, and all of one color, that are' strung with harmonizing lights. It is the firs that have. made themselves Christmas decorations—at a dollar a foot—without a paper doll or a yard of tinsel to a carload. And when you have, seen a pink tree hung with purple balls you have "seen something as uu- Christmas-like as a pink elephant. To such ends has decoration brought us that the tree .that once blossomed with the happy contrivances of children, that once was hung with our souve- niers, has developed symmetry, and form, and a color scheme. It has become, not a symbol, but a decoration, not a "Christmas shrine, but an arrangement. But jsome of us remember with loving nostalgia—the gingerbread men. date $4,500,000 worth of its ?6 000,-000 cotton crop, according to 1>. A. JBurtch, county agricultural commissioner. -< Walter Frost will slyjw camera craft -prints in The Californian building Wednesday night. ,, More than 500 guests attended the "Elks Lodge of Sorrow" Sunday. Speaker ol the day was The Reverend J". Whitcomb Broughei:, Jr., of Glefldale, who was introduced by L. E. Chenoxveth. ' From the Files of Tke Californian TEN TEARS AGO CThe Californian. this date. 1936) Kern county 'has harvested to JSfews Behind the News -(By PAUL MALLON)- "WASHINGTOX, Dfc. 9.— The peace I want disarmaniont of thos-e who h.n r> has suddenly turned into a pliaiitom { ui-fuament.s — at least for a few >eor Qf ddlght. Ko one here knows what I un tl' *he «^«» set something? Ani why wouW sh? s Anil " ot abandon the veto t f spection. *Far above lofty t was ilolo- L. G. Taggart was installing of- tov's stratospheric reversal of posi- icer for Veterans o£ Foreign vr»r» it means—at least no one with worthwhile official authority, though some suspect a lot. In factj nienUr'boMbraud YiVtnium C to°\nV nearly everyone suspects it will turn out like the apparition of Wordsworth to <be only "a moment's ornament." Words could hardly fly higher (the altitude ceiling of phraseology being what it is) than Russia's- abandonment of the veto in disarmament in- ficer for Veterans of Foreign Wars at Stockton yesterday, TWENTY TEARS AGO (The Cahforjiian, this date, 192fi) Headlines: 55,000 Barrels of- Gasoline on Fire; Union Farm at Brea Struck by Lightning. Government Budget for Fiscal Year Calls for $4,014,571,124. TJ. S. and Mexican Re-' lations Growing.Grave; Coolidge visions Treasury Surplus. "Washington. Aroused by Recognition of Kicar- agua.- Easing water in Buena Vista lake bed caused by rain, has'forced mice lix'ing in the lake bottom to migrate to high lands. Cold weather yesterday however, halted the advance of. the mice, Harry Coffee is a visitor here today from Fresno. Bakersfield fans will journey to Lodi Saturday in a special train. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dafp7-18lG> Headlines: Germany Replies to -.Hollywood Column -By'ERSKINE JOHNSON. NBA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD, DecTS—Linda Darnell, working oh """Forever Amber,'-' is seeing-'red (not amber) over re- about, her health. She simply I HE movement; by'one utility ;distiict,io utilize the waters of 'Pbso CreeLfo^irri- T gation is important. The rieed f or*additional: water in that area is emphaB^efljmore and more by .the lowering of the'-iitfdergrqund water levels. And-again; old timers ca$ recall when the floods of Poso'Creek'were, a real menace, to that section of Jhe county. Protecting areas against floods "from the" smaller streams in the San.Joaquin Valley s something that musthave^early'attehtion.. That protection would make ^possible the utilization of water which BOW jiolonly'runs- lo waste but which has destroyed much wealth in-the past. Older residents can're- member that the Poso;Irrigation '" District was established once m-ttfe long ago.but ihe enlure did not prove a success- and was eventually abandoned. * Some-Water from the creek is now -being 'utilized through underground appropriations but-tne 1 day will come when .the floods will be impounded in reservoirs which will serve,the lands=ih. tliat arming area. And protect .them 5 ]as .well. What is true of Poso Creek is^equally true >f streams to th£ north -and 4h~e.-south. In the interest of protection,"contrpl!of Jhese (reams is abigjob in,itself. : but Qalifprnia is i big slate and her wealth,.wiirexpand with"' he expansion of-agriculture^/That expansion can be hastened by tlie,utijizafion-of the mall streams which in seaso^niay^become i menace in the future. * making tests and learning dialog, but she's feeling fine again . . . Ralph Bellamy is a likely first-casting for the film version of "This Side-of Innocence." He's up for the role of Alfred . „ . Skitch Henderson is giving piano lessons to Bing Crosby's brood of four sons. Una Merkel's ex-husband, Ronald "Burla, will try marriage again, with StarlerSybil-Merritt, . . The motion Picture Academy is'fpassing out all- metal Oscars"to replace the plaster ones awarded-during-the war . . . Sabu, the elephant "boy, will marry Joan Xiorrie,' a singer.. Yvonne de Caglo ft dating Cubby Brocoli, ^x-husBand tof Gloria Blon- 'defl;~-. ;'„ Slini Hawks, "estranged wife of Howard -Hawks, has been mentioned "romantically with Clark 'Gable. She--"says: "We're just good friends;". "-< A. new trio,-the Lind Brothers, is a hit at Slapsy Maxie's night club, where a movie,producer was talking to them the-..other night when the boys mentioned that their father is Chicago 1 Lind. , famous cantor,* Joshua "What -a find!" roared the- producer. ."I'll stair you in a picture aria advertise It as^ three 1 times: bigger than ,"The JTolson Story.' " Gale "'Sondergaard, -.the 1 Danish Oriental,"with the Esperanto accent, has, signed up for the, next Hope- Crosby T Lamour riot, "Road to ^Rio." From "Anna and the lung of Siam" to the comedy kings is - the-year's biggest casting leap -. . . Hall Wallis is about to release "The Perfect Marriage." Wonder how he 'ever found a technical adviser for that one in Hollywood . . . When Howarc da Silva was given stardom in Para mount's "Blaze of Noon," one of the trade papers headlined it, "Da Silva Treads Among the Gold.". Arlene Francis, ~who plays the only woman detective on the air r may be starring in a film version of the series after her stork, date in March .... Columbia is raving over Vera Vague's .series of comedy shorts ... Ed Gardner is writing another song, "a jump tune to make Finnegan move a little faster." • " Shades of "Lost Weeketfd"; Jimmy Stewart is permitted to gefc drunk, but nobody else can, at a drinking party in "Magic Town," "according to a censorship ruling. - , ^ Ruled the censors': "Hip" (Stewart) being, tight is approved because-it is needed for plot motivation:^ It will be well to "minimize drinking on the part of tha other guests." Van Johnson gets another song, '"Par From My Darling," In "The Romance of Rosy Ridge." . ; : The Hoosier Hot Shots have a G. I.jfan stationed in the Far East whom they'd like to nominate for a sales- promotion post with a cigarette- lighter company. The kid's name is Sparks Flint. Osa Massen was" being screen-" tested in several nighties,-..ni'an elimination process to select the one she wilLwear in a scene lor "Night Unto Night." Quipped Broderick Crawford: "New title,'boys: 'Nightie Uto Nightie.'" The/Readers' Viewpoint It is interesting ib: observe^ that Vegetable hipments and shipments of grapfeis'ffpm Der ano for tlie monthlof NpVemberiikd a value >f $362,272. Vlhere were 209 cars in addition o 10 } OQQj;rates df Iennce,whicbl9pere;mbved >y truck. Harvest of leftucTs JtiiL ing, the picking of the cptton^CTojtin'that .rea is 80/per cent compiefed^-ThCTe -were 50 cars of lettuce, 28 ears"of-pears J? ;28v )f grapes. And-sp tfe.'have gr6wins^evid< I the espansi manyyears^ojj we", of this important agoc ^ s , f fast growing Kern 'County- ;f Qf/ * > r " < EDITOR S! >OTE-I*tteH-£hould be limited to 150 words; may ttt.ck Ideas tut not -must not be rtusu, and should be written legibly and on one side ot the wer. Tb. is not responsible for the sentiments contained therein and leserres tie rurht toi reject tetters mot tor, m » u thenUe address and dsMture. althoughTese wllfta wUbeW ' APPEAL FOB TOI^EKANCE Editor ,Tlie Californian: ,In order to correct any possible missapprenhension, which inay exist in the'mind; of C. 7. as reflected in his'letter -which appeared In this column* recently,, relative to an erroneous statement attributed to (Hr. Zaring) thai,. ;'John L. Lewis and 65 per, cent of the -miners are' foreigners;"' the undersigned'wishes to enlighten- C. f. that Mr. John L. Lewis is American born in the state •of Iowa and cannot, therefore, be considered a foreigner as such, re- gafdless"-pf his ancestry, whatsoever that,raay Se:^ ~T _ ~ " ' 'Moreover, :the*mmers may be justly proud.of'tVeir leader who., has done so much to'*iinprove the economic well being^ol "the", American," people, whether' or ' -not," we all egree his methods, are justified' under the cir- cumstanees.,'- :'1/V ,--It.is •true, i howeyer, a great many ininers 1 -were -not \ so fortunate as to Jbe JsdEa*'in.- this^great democracy of.,ours; neteriheless, 'from personal contact" -WitbJ minersT at one time or another? theiunaersigned. has lound thent^ to, .be,.' honest and -"sincere in their^heliefs .and 'loyal jto their'cause and:Cwhether ' "foreign, cr natural born,: they .-ate* as t good , Americans as can. ''be ^foiind. Jin any 'class or ^' - '-" , ~ < -'it3SeemsLthat- f in x any crucial -per- •iod \of,, w history >thg, enemies of a better.^worli have, always 'found it necessary to- inject class or racial discrimination into the controversy "and singled out one or twojndivid- uals or small group to attack, smear or slander. " ', It is my sincere conviction we must, in the interest of .our nation and our democratic intitutions, arise above petty class hatreds and intolerance to ensure the successful completion of a common- program of economic stability for alt WILLIAM G. ZEKIXG-, _ 29H Linden Avenue,Bakersfield. CaliL. CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS, Editor of The' Californian:, --«_" 1^ just - want to say that" I most heartily agree with the -city coim- cilnaen 'and Mayor Korris -on''the decorations of our.city this Christmas. With the mayor, 1 say if-we can't have something better.* than the paper Santa' ClaW-ive,-had*,-last year, why-have anythingiat aU.*It seems to' me. that^jn'st' some"'nice lighting would,ana"could«be -made' to look beautiful, "with the store windows fittingly decorated -It seems we forget what Christmas really is ana whose birthday • it is.' Why" take the Christ out of; Christmas and give Santa Claus the honor? I have often wondered why people tvho do not believe in Chris£ celebrate His birthday anyway; - . "-* WOXBEEtXG. America That Arabia Was Sunk as Transport of Enemy. Labor Party Will Have Two Seats in New Cabinet City of Bucharest Uninjured, Lone Robber Blinds Guard in Crowded L. A. Districts and Flees With $20,000 Loot". The Athon-Stock Company will open an indefinite engagement at Parra's theater. Farmers are combatting squirrels by special control measures. The Board of Supervisors has appropriated ?2500 to be used for the program. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Caltfoinian, ibis uate. 190W Headlines: Five Reported Killed by Cave-in "Ht Edison; Fierce Fire Visits San Francisco; Kalf-Wit Confesses Assaulting and Murdering Girl; San Luis Obispo Shaken by Earthquake. $ One of the highest tunnels of the Edison Power Company caved in yesterday morning and it is reported that five workmen were killed and others injured. Camp No. 1 verifies the report of a serious cave-in. No detail? were available. Helen Lackaye and Guy Bates Post will bo seen in "The Heir to the Hoorah," on December 10. If cars are not furnished to end the shortage, orange shippers may file suit against the Southern Pacific Company reported. for damages, it is FIFTY TEARS AGO (The Cahtornian,.this date, 1S9S) Mrs. T. E. Taggart was installed worthy matron of the Eastern Star' last night. Other, officers seated were E. Rousseau, patron; Miss Edith Maples, associate matron; Mrs. C.- H. . Congdon, secretary; Mrs. M. J. Haynes, treasurer Mrs. C. D. Ryan, conductress, and Mrs. D. R. Taggart, associate conductress. The Bakersfield Californian displays the very best evidence of prosperity by enlarging from a four-page to an eight page daily. Roil of honor at Old River Schoo for November includes the follow ing names, Andrew Wilson, Chris tian Pesante, Preston McCutchen Herman Piper, Olive Chubb an F t rank May, Celia Titus is the teacher. J U6n to embrace peace anft inspection of armament production — uranium for one thing — everywhere in the world, including, strange as it seems, Russia. A foreign diplomat" cannot even travel around Russia today to see the streets, much less anything secret. He cannot ascertain the volume of— say — on and off propaganda production in the U. S. S. R. nyich i es s the amount of uranium production, gold, airplanes, atom bombs or matchsticks. No one is free to ascei-tain anything about Russia." For her to open suddenly her unprecedented isolation to world inspection on any subject offers the best verbal prospect for peace yet proposed. tect—and no comparable facilities for hiding same? How this all will turn out, nobody knows. With considerably less delight Eugene Meyer has quit the World. Bank, saying—although (absolutely no one believes him—he intended to resign as soon as he got it started, His explanation was too thin to fool a blind man because he had turned his nr-w sparer exclusively over to a board for operation and lias been away only five mouths or so. Furthermore no one said anything at the. time o£ his appointment to indicate' his World Bank direction would be temporary. Some knowing authorities say lie found out the bank was not. a bank, which most people knew In the first place. It is a loan agency without assets—or money. . The nations were to contribute great sums to be loaned (or rather given away on the best terms possible) around the world— but no one has put up any money, A half dozen demands for gilt 1 ! called loans have been presented by The common interpretation hero is ! some stntes - mostly of Conimunit-L that as soon as any U. X. O. com-! Ieanmgs - 1! - js Just Possible Meyer, mission starts tryin'g to go to Rus- discovered tlw difficulty of givincr rtfs trying to go to Russia to find out how much uranium there, is, the Soviet government will again cloak herself in impenetrable bear hide, hide it m buckets in the cellar, say the venture is too costly, furnish us some statistics her government considers substantial and advise us to believe these or not— or recommend that TJ. N. O ihves-, *tigate Spain first, where she aetu-j away moimy from an empty drawer, or may possibly have .questionrd the wisdom of capitalism contributing gre.it sums to Communist states (C doubt this iast potability.) Nevertheless there are' to be even greater delights. Russia is now to soar on the winss of her stratospheric words to set $1,000,000.000 in loans from us. Tht> ally claimed atom bombs were hidden five peace tieaties are to he signed not so long ago—or the United and presented to the Senate. Not States -which is rumored to have much objection to raUtication both 59 and none at all. will bo made, except perhaps'about tho But do not be top sure of Russia J luscious reparations to be collected walking out on this agreement, at least^not until she puts our bombs under international management. A few well advised people say Russia has' no bombs and what is worse few planes sufficiently efficient to carry any if^she ever got one. HPI- scientific experiments in atomic energy have been typically Russian, that is to say, unsuccessful. Her purge and reorganization of her scientists may not "have been effective. v..*bx.jba **it»,j JUVL in.>.*v utreu Clim. Live, v, -ti i, , If she has no modern armaments of | l>ui : t thel: ' peaoe air warfare (she never even had a' bombing plane of long range value in the last war) why would she not Russia. Mr. Byrnes will bring up Germany and Austria as tho next; step and maybe try for peace about them, while the •lellprhc lasts and possibly before Russia gets our money. -r All statesmen will practically bust. in swelling- with good feeling- at tht> lovely apparition of ppuro they ha\n turned out—the lofty words they cannot define., upon which they-have (World ropyrlsht, 1!H«. by Kins Feature! Svn- die-ale, inc. All rielits ma\n\. Itrpretfucihra in full or to cart strictly prohibited.) Views and the News By DeWIT.T HaeKENZIE, Associated Pre^s Foreign An:ih,st SO THEY SAY Youth can loaf with opiate dream: of future achievements. But as w grow older the realities of life ari more clearly seen and less easily denied and as we approach 50 am iO we can no longer derive solace irom the pipe dreams of future achievements. — Dr. ~ Theodore ' G Klumpp, former food and drug ad ministrator. The handicappe^d worker makes as ;ood If not a better employe than he average able-bodied individua because the man with some physical disability is more careful, less prone o have an accident, and has a much ower absenteeism rate. — E. P. Pin ire, Tampa, Fla., furniture manu 'actarer. Too much, attention has been given o the need "for laws to regulate this or that practice of labor or manage ment and not enough to requirements for the survival of our form of economy and society which tesi whether laws are in the public interest.— Dr. E. "Wight Bakke, Yale Uni- 'ersity economist, I believe that peace Is possible this p e,ar if unions and employers can be onvinced that peace is necessary to heir own prosperity. But peace -annot be established by edicts from Vashington. We cannot cut the latient to fit the pattern— Basil lanly, former chairman Federal 'ower Commission. If, after all reasonable economies without crippling essential government services, the budget can be alanced and some payment made n the huge public debt, then I would favor the use of any surplus or a tax reduction. — Treasury Sec- etary Snyder. The picture of the giant who says o the midget I will not throw- aw ay ne of my IS machine guns unless ou throw away one of your two eashooters is not impressive. — Dr. Robert 31. Hutching, chancellor Uni- ersity of Chicago, on disarmament, •Man makes depressions and man Hi end them, but there is considsr- ble question as to whether man ac- ually win do anything about it until : is too late. — Professor A. E. Anress, Hiram College economist. Most labor disputes come from fte side Jor the other not knowing he facts — Irving- M. Ives, Republican senator-elect of New York. . A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Thus saitlt. tTie Lord; Cursed lie the #tart that tntsteih in man, and •maketh flesh fits arm, and icTtose heart departefh from tlie Lord. — Jeremiah 17:5. * * t —"We lean on Faith; and some less ' ,* - wise, have cried. - "Behold fhe butterfly, the seed " that's cast!" v -Vain hopes that fall like flowers "' •'before the "blast! What man can look on Death . - anterrified?—R. TT. Gilder. I The arguments in the United Nations political committee over how to deal with the Spanish regime have been hot, and they have been frank about Franco, but while the consensus is that the generalissimo's gov. ernment must go, there is no unanimity about how to get rid of it. The debates have ranged a wide fieia, but so far as I have noted nobody has ventured to put his finger on the basic cause of the differences among the U. N. members. Yet that cause is as plain as my Aberdeen terrier's < long nose. It's the same old idealogical war that has produced the two great blocs—the Russian dominated nations ind the western democracies. One bloc wants to get rid of the Franco regime in such manner as will result in the establishment of a Soviet, while the other wishes to give the people of Spain a chance to have a really free election and pick their own government. It's all very well to sit outside Spain in the robes of a prophet and guess what sort of government the Spaniards want But I was in that country early this .year and don't believe, there is any :livjng—person, in Spain or outside it, %\ho l:no«s how Ilie people would vote in a free plebiscite. They might want a return of their monarchy, or they might declare for a republic, speculation, It's a matter "of puro because they haven't had a free election in more than a decade. Of,one thing your correspondent) is very certain: The people of .Spam don't want anj' more civil war. The horrors of the last one are too fresh in most minds. But It's very obvious that unless the United Nations handle this highly complicated situation very carefully, civil war might bo precipitated. The United States already has noted .this danger o£ civil strife officially and ha=! taken a stand against any U. N. operation which might produce such a catastrophe. Biitain and most of the western democracies take a similar view. The French government, acting • under very strong Communist influence, Is for strong-arm tactics in getting rid of Franco. Questions and Answers -(By THE HASKIN SERVICE)Q. What was Barebone's Parlia-l Q. When and wh*re did Theodore ment?— L. D. A. It was a derisive name for the British Parliament summoned by Cromwell in 1653, and so called from a fanatical member. Praise-God Barebone (or Barbon). Barebone was a leather-maker ,ind minister to .a congregation which assembled at his own house. It has been stated that he had two brothers named respectively • Christ-came-into-the-world-to- save Barebone and If-Christ-h.ac3-not- died-thou-had-been-damned Barebon e, but there is no proof. • Q. When was the order of the Knights of Pythias founded and how did it get its name?— F. B. S. A. The Knights of Pythias was organized to spread the doctrines of friendship, charity, and benevolence. It was" founded in Washington, D. C-, Febwiary, 1864, by Justus Henry Rathbone, and four associates. The name is derived from the story of Damon and Pythias, and the motto is: "Friendship even unto death." Q. Who held Abraham Lincoln's hat during the inauguration ceremonies in ISM?— F. O. A. Carl Sandberg in .his biography of Lincoln says that >oung- TIenry Watterson put out his hand to take Lincoln's hat during the inaugural celebration of 1861, but Senator Douglas who stood just behind him outreached him and held Lincoln's hat for half 'an hour. Q, What was the first, executive department established under the Constitution? — R. S. A. It was the department of state. The existing department of foreign affairs was reconstituted by an act of Congress approved July 27, 1789 and named department of stdte. Q. What is the present assignment of the U. S. S. L. R. Jt. 466?— C. G. A. The navy department says that he L. S. M. 466 is with the first leet now operating near Guam. As yet. there is no date scheduled for ts return to .the United States. Q. When did the American Kennel Hub issue the first stud books?— ,. E. Y. * A. It was issued in May 1884 with OT dogs listed. The first to be egistered was an English setter, .donis. K, Q. How many English-speaking lersons were there in Shakeppear°'s day?— N. 'A. G. A. There were approximately five million. Today, the English lang- age is spoken by more than 200 Roosevelt. Jr., die?—G. ,\V. S.' A. While .serving In the- Nnr- inandy campaign, Thon.Jore Roosevelt, Jr., was suddenly stricken mth a_ heart attack and died at the Fir<-t United States Army 1ipad<[iiarter" in Normandy, July 12, 1944. He wn«- buried in France in a cemetery near the village of Ste. Mere Kgliie. Q. What type of engine Js the most efficient?—N. E. O. A. The most efficient is tho dlosel, which delivers aa high as SB p»-r cent of the power potential in ir« fuel. This compares with 30 pt-r cent for the steam turbine, 24 ppi- cent for the gas turbine and 8 per cent for the steam locomotive. Q. How are ermines trappod?— C. McG. A. Ordinary traps tear the delicate fur, so a kaife trap is used. An ordinary hunting knife is greased and placed in the snow. Inured by its resemblance to ice, the animal Sicks the knife and its tongue freezes to the steel blade. Q. Why is it that one's voice sounds different when it b, recorded? —P. E. i/. A. The voice sound different bp- cause in ordinary speech it reaches one's ears not only through the air but also through sound conduction by the bones of the head. the million persons. Q. Is Australia as large as United States—T. E. E. A. The area of Australia ij, 2,974 . 58-1 square milpg. while thf- area of the United States is 3,022,387 square miios. Q. How many acres of floor space are there in the Capitol at Washington. D. U.?—O. "B. H'. A. The building has a' floor area of 14 acres. Q. When did the Xa---y hegin Its syhte-n of fingerprinting'.'—F G A. Fingerprinting as a method of ' identification was started by the Navy on January 1, 1907. Q. Is any part of Alaska due north of the United States?—J. D A. No. The Easternmost 'part of Alaska is some 600 miles west of San Francisco. Q. What is the amount in American money of the Nobel prize?—E. B. Peace A. The prize is 121,000 kroner or approximately $34,000 in United States money. Q. Js there a road that follows the boundary between the United States and Canada?—A. A. ,. ,, A - ^° roat * follows the boundarv Q. Bag, any other large building but a 20-foot vista is cut throueh Beside the Knickerbocker theater in {wooded sections 10 feet on each sidV Washington, B. C,. collapsed as a ' slde ' T^C- ** T el £ h t Of Snow?- A '«d«_<anj:«.«« an^cr .„ ,„ , 'A.-The St James Cathedral in In eattle. cents for letum Jutt (3! -j •^t-~-*-~~'-*'~--i . "'•" '•- " i • "^^ ',^<-"-iS-M^3s1a-- j ' -t^?"'r,«j-r, S'l,'." * ->**- ii-". \fj . "i-il ,t ," ',•^ :~-4 '

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