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PAGE TWELVE BLYTttEViUJC «A&KJ COURIER NEWS THURSDAY, JUNE S», 1M» Congress Faces An Old Problem No President Evtr Lo*t BaHlt ever Secrecy of U.S. Files By Clarke Beach WASHINGTON. (*) — Congressmen h»"e been slow to catch on lhal they can't make the President or his lieutenants give them Information h« doesn't think should be made public. One of the most familiar headlines ol recent years reads: "Congress Committee Demands Confidential Data." Usually It Involves material obtained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Last year the big case was that of the FBI letter to the Secretary of Commerce regarding a loyalty check on Dr. Edward U. Condon,'director of the Bureau of Standards. A few weeks ago the Senate subcommittee nn immigration demanded that the Justice Department produce its files on 16fl persons, most of whom were connected with the United Nations and foreign governments. The attorney general declined to deliver the files. He agreed, however, lo reply to. certain questions about the 168 persons, and the committee acccptec the compromise The argument started when George Washington was president Seventeen presidents have had to Ihrash out the matter with then Congresses. Every one of them won. Congress has never forced the issue once a president has taken a determined stand Supreme l>nttrme Is Key At the heart of the question is the doctrine of the supremacy of the three brandies of the federal government in their own fields. None can give orders lo the others li matters which the Constitution, the laws or legal precedent leave to the others' discretion The long established principle Is that the presiden can withhold from Congress any In ormatlon if publication, la hU opin- on, would be contrary to th* public merest. Congressmen debating tb« Issue lave often asked: "Why should the •resident be the sole judge of what hou]d or should not be made pubic?" Senator McKellar iD.-Tenn.) lolenlly objected when In 1934 'resident Hoover refused to fur- ilsh the Senate with varioui data oncerning (tie drafting of the London Naval Treaty In 1930. His point was that the Senate and president were partners In (he treaty-making irocess, and pertinent documents were the Joint properly of the two partners. The argument on the other side has been that the president is the only feasible person lo make the decision. If Congress were lo Insist on reading the material and hen learned that its release had damaged the public Interest, the harm would have been done. What can compel a president to jroduce documents he thinks ought .o be kept secret? Political scien- -ists see no practicable way of doing it The courts can't force the president to exercise his judgment one way or another. The only thin; Congress could do would be to impeach him, and to the experts tha c idea Is politically inconceivable Strong public opinion w«»uid be aroused on behalf of a chief executive pilloried in his fight lo prevent the release of information h< believed would injure the nation Could Be Pardoned Suppose Congress .snould manage to impeach and have imprisons for contempt a department heai who had refused its demands? The president could immediately par don him, for the pardoning powe is unrestricted. Nevertheless, thi issue has been raised ever mon frequently In recent years. The na lion has nev'fci Before had so man secrets It wished lo guard, such a the atomic energy program and th far-reaching FBI investigations o communist spy activities. President Franklin D. Roosevelt repeatedly came to grips with Congress uu the issue between 1941 and 1944. Tlie battles were mostly over FBI reports and the records of the Federal Communications Commission. Mr. Roosevelt finally had the controversial FCC record* trans- HEARTY CONGRATULATIONS on the Opening OF MAYS' SUPER MARKET Osburn Supply Co. Wholesale & Retail Missouri Merit System Row Block*! in House JEFFERSON City, June 23 A Republican effort to bring before the House a charge tiiat Democratic officials have violated merit system laws wu blocked bjr UK Democrat* yesterday. Rep. Henrr Andrae (R) of Colt County vtnted the House to consider > resolution Introduced Ust week by Rep. R. H. Ridenhour (R) of Osage County. The resolution charged that Samuel Marsh, director of the Public TEACHER'S PET—Carrie Redlearn, a young student teacher, isn't illustrating a fish slory to the pupils she took on a right- seeing tour ol the Marine Studios at Marineland, Fla. She's jus« making friends with on* of the famed jumping porpoises. Deal's Paint Store Congratulations Mays' Super Market Please Note the Ken-Tile Floor OUR MOST Truman's Sister Offers Hint for Young Musicians KANSAS CITY, June 23. </D- If your older brother develops his piano playing first and faster than you, don't be discouraged—even if he turns out to he president of the United States. So says Mi.ss Mary June Truman, sister of the President. She told children attending the Kansas City Music Teachers Association la.st night that they must not feel 'inferior when an older child in the family develops musical talents first and faster. "Sometime* you may feel discouraged and think you don't amount to much," she said, "But the secret Is to be diligent." Quoting from her own experience. Miss Truman told of a visit to » Little Rock, Ark., hotel. "The maid asked me if I wouldn't like to we the presidential suite. I said of course 1 would. There was a lovely piano in the mom and a copy of the Missouri Waltz on the rack. "I sat down and played » little bit of It. Afterwards the maid reported that the President played all right but not » bit better than hi« sister." Miss Truman used to play plunn duets with her brother when he worked for the Bank of Commerce here. -, The principal agricultural products of Spain are wheat, barley, oats rye, olives and fruit. <XD STYU SOtflt MASH KENTUCKY STIAIOHl IOUIION WHISKIY lONOID loo rtoof Health and Welfare Deportment, and Dr. orr Uullinut, bead of the I Mental Dfcseaae* DrvUion, either | or w«r« viabttnf them. It Mid TM O. Uoyd. * were ignorant of merit system laws I fired ffom'hb )ob a* 1-rtntan *Ctr of the at fjouta Trtininc School for Peebl* Minded hit good record the put <tx months. Illinois House Rejects Cats and Dogs Measure SPRINGFIELD. 111., June 23. f/Pi " —The Illinois House yesterday killed a bill to provide more dops and cats for medical research experi- ; ments. } —.The so-called "dog .bill" fell 14 "voles short of the TT needed for passage on A roll call. The score was 63 for and 60 against. ! Nearly two hours of debate re- ' viveri previous charges and countercharges <rf "torture and butchery" . aild "misplaced sentimentalistn." Members said they received more mail lor and nsaitvst the bill than • on any other bill before the legislature. The bill would have required local dog pounds lo luvii nur.laiivied does and cats over lo licensed medical institutions. One opponent said similar bill* recently uere defeated in. Wim'nn- sin, Massachusetts, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania legislatures. Read Courier News Want Ads ferred to the White House files so that Congress would have to call on him personally lo produce them This was a device that President Theodore Roosevelt used. The Senate in 1909 tried to force the head of the Bureiui of Corporations lo hand over certain documents relating to an anti-trust case. The tons struggle over the mailer ended when TE ordered the bureau chief to hand the documents to him for safe keeping. President Truman took the same action in the Condon case, directing the secretary ol commerce to send the disputed FBI letter to the White House files. In many of the disputes presidents were seeking to preserve the secrecy of foreign relations. It was such an issue that Qeorge Washington faced in 1796. when the House requested him to give certain inside information concerning the negotiation Of the Jay Treaty c.stnblishtiiK peace with England CONGRATULATIONS to MAYS' SUPER MARKET "Blytheville's Finest Grocery" Mississippi County Lumber Company Walpole Electric offers Best Wishes to Mays'Super Market On Their Grand Opening Hughes Construction Co. extends CONGRATULATIONS to MAYS' SUPER MARKET on the opening OF BLYTHEYILLE'S GREATEST FOOD CENTER Best Wishes to MAYS' SUPER MARKET Huffman Bros. Lumber Co. Best Wishes fo Mays' Super Market On Their Formal Opening Friday, June 24th WEIS BUTANE GAS COMPANY Congratulations to WISHES /I Mays' Super Market ON «. t Their Grand Opening Friday, June 24th Delta Lumber Company OUR SINCERE CONGRATULATIONS TO Mays Super Market ARKANSAS GROCER CO.