Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on June 14, 1896 · Page 11
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June 14, 1896

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 11

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Logansport, Indiana
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Sunday, June 14, 1896
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Page 11
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25C3TECK and 4-lN-HAND 15C A ClioicelLine. This Suit, Thic Dre-s Suit, Tins Happy Homo Clay AVorsteit, Suit, This Wcrtdiiipr Suit Business Suit Pill I Satin J'Jned,^.Black, Brown or Oxford f $3.98 $6.98 $r.OO $13.50 $4.98 u FRFF r ft HE obi ect of this free^istribution is to get cash and make new customers, trade, that's why we give you a Watch more than your old]trading place. the your c. 98c Mens Dress or Shoi> Shoes 08c worth $1.50 to $2.00 $148 Men's Calr Needle Toe Dress Shoes $1 worth $2.00 to $2.50 $1.48 Men's Tan Common Sense Shoes $1 worth $2.50 $1.1)8 Men's Caif Shoe?, all staple styles, worth t r White -Shirts 34c 3 for $1.00. 15c Socks Fine « Seamless Qu Black and Tan 3 for 25c 26c Suspenders] 8c Boy's Knee Pants. 15c w ^ T , « T-* • THIS WATCH IS NOT A TOY, but an accurate timepiece made of nickle silver, stem winder \A7 €1^/^1-1 Kt*£k£* f andSatentset medium size, suitable for men and boys. The object of this free distribution W & LCIl F H Tee i ^* waSS iSpSSedSom Germany,) free with childrens' as well as with men's suits, is to double our business. The watch tree with siu|s and the chain with shoes. ^—.-—^ T rT-\ A TTr> ^^T /*> ~* FOURTH STREET, ^ OTTO KRAUS, Of Course, LOQANSPORT, IND. :cr< - THE STOEY OF A LETTER Tilings Revealed by a Visit to the Washington Post Offlco. WlmC It l>orio ivlth n Letter or Package After tho Sender Hrm Deposited It In One of Undo .SUKi'ti Mull IIoxcu. [Special Washington Letter.] ,. -It is easy enough to write a letter, to put a stamp on it and mail it; but it is not so easy to deliver it. Kincty and nine out of every hundred o£ the people who write letters complain of the trouble that is caused in their preparation and sending, but their 'difficulties sire not to be compared witJi those who handle the tons of written aud other ma.il matter that leaves the post office daily for all parts of the world. A visit to the office only reveals a scene of hustling employes and for ttie moment excites more or less interest. To un dcrstand the systematic movements going on could .not be told in few words, and to fully appreciate them one roust spend sufficient time to learn them. In the office can bo seen men engaged in various kiuds of work, keenly intent and busy after a manner which comes THE "STATER." of experience. These men go to make up the history of a letter or package intrusted to the government's care for dispntcb or delivery to tho person addressed. Every man employed has his number Mid place and is responsible for the work in his charge. When d person drops a letter in the box upon a struct corner lamp his only thoug-ht is, "will it get to the person addressed nnd how soon?" His work ends there; but it is taken up by a letter carrier who brings it along- -\vith the other letters to the main office, where he sepa> rates the local mail from that for outside planes. As he does this a man in the mailing division g-athcrs up the out- aidc mail and carries it to the stamping table, where the stampers cancel the postage with stampers bearing the date im of Uie iL-.onch ar.cl tlioir ovr.i number. When canceled the letters nxe placed by him in a trough attached to the table. These letters <;re taken away by men whose duties are to assort them i"to oases. ' .Eauh ea.se bears the name of a state or n. city. When i he hour for closing the mail arrives the "stater," as he is called, takes out the letters from the cases a.ml nuts upon each bundle n slio. This slip has the name of the state or city upon it, also the namc'of the post oflice, the postmark showing E,he hour ar.cl day of dispatch, ius a-lso the clerk's number. When his work- .is finished another clerk, who is called the clis- patch-r, gathers up the bundle of letters and puts them in leather pouches. IBeforfi locking up 1/hc pouches the "dispatcher" places his ' : .slip" in u st'iel slide. Tills slip indicates the point of destination of the contents, nnd a slight error in this regard would occasion much delay. You. must be informed that a large majority of the letters sent from the (Kist ofiice in the national-capital art sent by members of congress. They are very careless in their postal business, and are also very impatient if delays occur. Their principal business is to look after the desires of their people, particularly in pension cases. Very often tney send letters to the wrong address, and then they blame the postal official:- for their own larches. The "stator" referred to lias plenty of business on hand all the time, but there is another class o£ clerks who handle the mails whose duties are more difficult than those of the "stater." The latter simplj- puts letters into boxes labeled with the places easily understood, while the former assorts his mail to differently labeled boxes. These men work the east, west and south cases. This means that the states that they have to send letters into are ta be carefully worked' by the post offices in the same. This is no easy task, as the various post offices in the states worked have to be memorized, as well as the counties in which the offices are located; also the post office routes nnd the hour for dispatching the mails. Anyone desiring to understand the difficulties to bo overcome .is respectfully referred t<? the "Postal Guide" and asked to commit to memory the post- offices' located in the states ol Ohio, \Vest Virginia and Tennessee, which states arc comprised in what is called 'Case No. 11" in the Washington- city ?ost office. The Postal Guide will ihow the list of counties in each state and. give the names of their coun.ty scats, as well as of the fourth-class post Offices. The tax upon memory is very freat, and these clerks must know all :hesc thing's so thoroughly that they vill never hesitate a second in handling any better. According to the rules of the post office department, letters are known ni first-class matter; newspapers and periodicals ns second-class; printed mat- ter, otfier than newspapers, and matte which is printed at least four times rx; year; seeds, flowers, bulbs, form th third class, while everything ivhic comes under the head of merchandise i called fourth-class. Different rates o postage are charged on these fon classes of matter, uud in what is callC' the "rack-room" the mail matter is a.« sorted into its different classes. Al day and all night this room presents busy scene. The clerks have consider able exercise, throwing books, congres sional docmuents and other heavy arti cies'with perfect aiui in(o bags whicl arc securely hooked to iron racks. Eac! mail bag is labeled with a slip desis,' Hating the state or city to which it i destined, and ever, (-he railroad or steam boat route over Much it is to be startcc from this office. The clerks who per form these feats. o£ strength as well as of active intelligence are hold responsi Me to strict accountability for the char ncter of their work, and the' error ac SECOND-CLASS MATTER. count is always liable to be sprung upon them. Every postal clerk takes an oath of allegiance to the government find files u bond which must he entirely satisfactory to the superintendent, of the railway mail service or to the branch of the department in which he serves. Upon going to work each clerk is given a number. He is never known by nny other name. There is reason for this. Whenever a-ny question arises concerning the work his number identifies him. It H a trap which keeps him confined ot all times and places any error committed by him upon himself and affords no loophole for accusing a fellow clerk. The "stater," in placing a. wrong letter under his slip, will soon hear of his mistake, as the post office clerk receiving the slip, whether in Maine, Ca.lifornin.or anywhere else, is bound to make known the error. The slip with "error" written upon it in returned to the postmaster, who has the error made charged to the unfortunate clerk. The full knowledge-.of penalty for negligence or carelessness awakens in every clerk a:i fln.Yiety to .keep clear ot" errors. The unhappy day for him is when he gets from the proper official a slip which sets forth the errors he hn.s made. H-s teclings .'U-c indescribable, and it is safe to say that he says thereafter things that don't sound religious. The sar man, too, gets his share of errors shoul he sling a. package in the wrong sac! There is no loophole for escape, and th only thing to be done is to grin and bea the trouble. Some time last year the recorder o wills in 1,his city received a letter of tin usual irnporta.nce. The envelope was ac dressed by some one who printed in stcnd o£ writing the name of the re corde-r in order that his handwriting mightnot be discovered by any eompari son with his other writings. Therefore Jt was concluded that ho must be somi person who hits writ-ten much. The en velope contained what purported to bt the last-will and testament of the late Attorney-General Holt, who had diet' two years previously. It was datef 3873, and was witnessed by Gen. Sher man, Mrs. Sherman, and Gen. Grant All of the witnesses are dead. l>ut no one doubted the genuineness of t-hewil or of: the- signatures of the witnesses. , Within. 24 hours the letter carrici who brought the letter to the post office testified to the particular box from which he took it on his daily rounds, and to the. hour when he delivered it to the distributing clerks in the office. That was good work and quick work, but our city detectives were never able to find who mailed the letter. Who ever thinks of giving credit to the railway mail clerks for their work in carrying letters to their destinations? By day and by night they a-re rushing along o-t dangerous speed, their lives constantly in danger, and oftentimes they are injured or killed. There no pension forthcoming for their widows or children. They are a faith- Hi body of- men, a whole army in fact, lor there are urfivards of 0,000 in that Branch of the service. They ha-ndlc millions of letters annually, but their 'error" column is very small indeed. They throw the letters into the several xixes ns rapidly as experienced gamblers shuffle cards. They make up bags md pouches, swing them off at the dif- 'ercnt stations, take on new consign- nents of mail at each pl.icc, open the >ags, distribute their contents, nnd keep -heir fingers and brains busy all the line. They are constantly on high icrvous tension, and work very hard or their limited incomes, SMITH 0. FRY. fto EagUsh Will Do Spoken, At the international medical congress o be hold in Moscow in 1807 French will recognized as tho official language, npers may be read in other European uugus, but the discussions must e in liUssJan, French or German, This ecison has made .English doctors ngry, and they talk of not attending congress. THE KAISER'S SALARY. It Is Taken to His Pajace Onoo Every Three Months. Li ot IJit I'ay Corner rron> tlio Gorman Empire, tho Othor H:ilf from the Ktugdom of Prussia—Somfi Prolit.rtblc Perquisite*. Emperor William receives his salary quarterly in advance. Tho money is thrice counted by different functionaries at tho national treasury, and is afterward placed in n. number of strong boxes :uid carried to the royal mail wagon, waiting- a.t the door be,twecu the troops of mounted gendarmes. After the load has been placed in the vehicle- the. ministers of finance of tbC' empire, nnd. of the kingdom place ths sea-is of their respective offices upon the dcor and accompany the minister ot the royal household in his carriage lo the palace, the iaa.il wag-on witli its escort of gendarmes following iii- mediateJy behind. Xot until the money in actually deposited in the vaults of Emperor William's Berlin palace docs the minister of the household sign the receipts, which are made out in the name- of "\Vilhelm 15cx,' : and "Wil-heim Impcrator," respectively, ozie-hulj oi the. sum being derived from the treasury of the kingdom of Prussia aaid the other from tho treasury oil the German empire-. Two days afterward the court f-anc- liona-riee receive their pay, but although tho emperor receives Ills salary in advance, not one of the employes is similarly favored, so tlint the emperor ]K*practicaJly always three rnontfos behind in the pay list of his household. The only exception which, the emperor makes is in favor of his consort, -.vhose personal allowance of $250,000 per an- tium is paid to her quarterly in advance. At no great court in Europe, says the ihicago Record,,are the salaries so low 'THE GERMAN EMPEROR. ,s at that of Berlin, the so-ca.lled great. liguitaries having to satisfy themselves vith a pittance of $2,000 a year, while, he minister himself receives but SC.OOO 'his is not surprising when the enormous number of persons who figure on ' bition. he pay-rolls is taken into consul era- lion. Kor instance., there are no lean . than 500 hou£Cn;<-iid.s and l.SCC Jivericdi • footman. Every servant, high or low,, : is entitled to a pension after working- ; i in the- royal household lor 20 years. j Ovor and beyond tho ch-jl list received! by the emperor from the treasury of th«r empire aud that of the kingdom, ha draws from the war department full salaries for the different military commands ]jo assumes. As commander ini chief of the army, be is conliuuaJly appointing himself colonel in chief of this- or that regiment, which l:as thereupon. • the right to style, itself the "leib" or body regiment of his majesty. Whenever one reads in the gazette th.it ho boa i has honored a regiment in the tinny, one may t-ake it for granted that iteo- rails ar, addition to his income m the f iijtpe of a colonel's pay a.m.1 allowance*. . hi.-isinuch as jit the present moment ha. holds the colonelcy of some 50 different legiment-s it will readily be seen that 1h is constitutes no inconsiderable addi- u'on 1o his income, ajl the more as the colonelcies cnrr3 r with them forage allowances for about 200 horses. Out of this pivil list the emperor is expected to pay the allowances of ths various members of his family. But this is not a, heavy drain, on his pnrsc- Hih brother, Prince Henry, ajid his- brothor-in-law, Prince Frederick Leopold, have each inherited immense private fortunes and are practically independent of any allowance, while the. only other princes' of his house, Princa Albert, of Brunswick, the cray.y Princa Alexandej-, and the eccentric yet UJ- entcd Prince George, all thi-ee elderly, men, are exceedingly wealthy. la- deed, they figure among: the richest - princes of the blood in Europe. found lu n Drug Store. A drug store of the present day to supply ordinary demands must keep 1 about 15,000 articles on Jiajid. Every, root and seed that lias medicinal value, os well as the leaf, ilower a;id bulb of the plant, has to be kept in stock. Sc* also must be kept the hundreds ofc preparations made from them, tinctures, extracts, fluids and solids, sirups- and decoctions almost without number. Then come the thousands oC chemicals, acids, salts, active principles,] the various preparations, all the propri-^ ctary medicines ajul hundreds of arti- 1 cies known as sundries, perfumes and! fancy articles. Flats for Signaling at Sea. The flags to be hoisted a.t one time inj signaling at sea never exceed four. Iti is nil interesting arithmetical fact that' with -eighteen various colored flags.. and never more than four at a time, n.>* . fewer than 7S.G-J2 signals cnn be given..,. **ro)ilbltlon In JJourbon County. Uourbon county, in 5\entnel*y, onc^- made famous by its bra.nd of whisky, has bee:i holding local option elections. A few flays ago the last precinct bnfr. one in the co-jjity voted for local probH

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