The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 3, 1949 · Page 36
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 36

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, October 3, 1949
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Page 36
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' FAO« TWENTY Cotton Growers Using Machines Mechanization Moves Slowly Bur Surety Into Alluvial Delta Cotton mechanisation It slowly but surely moving to the fore In Mississippi County but In the opinion of most farming'ex ports complete cotton mechanization Is still considered a far way off. Although complete mechanize lion has become' a reality in .some of the Western cotton producing si a tea it will take another 10 or K years to realize It In the Mississippi River Valley, the world's largest cotton producing area, I- the opinion of Keith J. Bilbrey. county agent for North Mississippi County And his reason was this: The Delta cotion belt, unlike the plains of the West, Includes 20 or more types of farming and several different climates, soils, terrain features, sizes of farms and farming featur&s. All of these must, be considered and the differences whippsd before complete cotton mechanization can become, a reality. And too, there are few cotton farms in the "plia where mechani /ation Is feasable unless that mechanization Includes tools and machines for hay, small grains, food crops, corn and .other crops Important to a diversified type of farming, lie explained. No, complete mechanization is not approaching rapidly. The problems are many but these problems are being tackled by the combined forces of the growers, machine manufacturers, ginners and research people and complete mech- anizption will only come when It can be adapted to meet the many problems facing it. ' '.'The climate and differences hi soil in the Delta area, are probably the two biggest problems facing farm mechanization," Mr. Bilbrey said. "The climate here is • more unpredictable than in the Western states'and where there are several kinds of soils In a given field of the'Delta, the soil is'all more or less "the same iri the' West.'*. • Soil.Differences a Factor "We have high lands, low lands, gumbo and sand, and cotton planted in the Delta may make an extremely good stand in a field which Is ' of 'one type of - soil whereas mother field of « different soil may znafce a poorer stand." ; "You won't find these soil dlffer- ftncet in the plains and farmers there cither make » crop or they don't." ' ; "The control ot grass and weeds k i must in the harvesting of cotton mechanically became gras.< and weed seeds »nd leaves are exiremc- Jy difficult to remove from seed eotton »t ginning time, and wben a mech«nlc«l picker !j used weed «eed« and loves are difficult to keep away from ttw-picker." About the surest way of -controlling grass »nd--weeds In this vet'.climate is through hand chopping. Mechanical methods ire used, true.' but when vegetation Is heavy due to exceulve rainfall, hand chopping Ii th« only answer." •"> He cited conditions in the county iMt iprinsr when heavy rainfall caused fields to become badly Infested with Johnson grass «nd ether types of vegetation. Mechanical choppers were uxelesg because ths grass had made too much headway, he explained. It took hand choppers to clean It out. Later Anjtie Brinir» Debate ;Just what effect cotton mechani- sation will hive, or is having on farm labor, possibly Is one of the most debated questions in agricultural «nd business circles today. Farmer* feel that It l> a new op- BLYTHEV1LLE (ARK.) COURIER NIWi U.S. Faces Dollar B) KRVCK BIOSS AT NBA Staff Correspondent NEW YORK —(NBA)— There's a dollar crisis on the college campus that's ax serious as any you're- liUcly to hear about. It coluds the future of America's 1100 private colleges and universities. And If It Isn't solved In th« years' Just ahead, educators predict that perhaps a fourth of these schools K-lll either die, lose their Independence or'forfeit (heir stand ing within a generation. Lenders In education think the fatalities would come mostly mong the hundreds of sinaller schools which (lot- the land. The losses would lilt hard, (or the small college is the educational expression of America's Individualism. ,, They offer American students > wide range-of choice In teaching methods, novel Ideas in subject matter, innumerable specialties ex pertly presented. Tiie great endowed universities are not likely to die, nut they could well suffer the lesser penal ties should this dollar crisis go unsolved. Renowned schools like Harvard, Chicago, • Columbia and Yale could slide into mediocrity or go under the yoke of state support. What is this crisis that so endangers 'the private schools? NEA surveyed representative institutions the nation over to find out. That inquiry showed, first of all, that the dilemma is not yet one oj desperation. But It has spread like a creeping paralysis and has struck fear wherever it has gone. The crisis is compounded of upward • splraling costs that reflect higher wages ami prices; of greatly expanded needs in men and laciiities; and of college incomes that generally have not matched the breathless pace or mounting expenses. In small schools and large, operating deficits are getting bigger and more common. Among the top universities, for example, Columbia and Chicago ran $1,500,000 in the red last school year and Yale 5700,000. , . . • . Deficits, of course, are no proof ot Impending disaster. Sometimes they indicate bold spending for worthy ends. As Chancellor Robert M. Hutchlns o fthe University of Chicago said last fall: "Chicago rose to giory in a burst of deficits. " But spreading, persistent losses tell of trouble. A t most schools surveyed, the cost of non-ecluca- portunlly foi their business while some businessmen fear that the mechanical picker and chopper will become economical Frankensleins, that, they will displace the farm laborer aud hurt the nation economically. These persons _are convinced thai tile machine picker and chopper are bringing a rapid revolution in crop practices, In the cost of cotton, in farm living and In the displacement of millions ot farm hands who will descend on buslr nes and industry with no jkllli for earning a living. Others, however, argue that tht change is necessary. That mechanization can be made a gradual evolution and will bring a blessing to the agricultural South. They agree that business, manufacturing and agriculture will be affected but they also believe that mechaniwr tlon will not displace labor. Instead It will replace it. They back up this argument with statistics that show that since the beginning of World War n tlic labor trend has been away from the farm and that the laborers are no longer on the (arms to b« displaced by mechanization. on the Campus MONDAY, OCTOBEB I, DILEMMA 1 RESULT: Dollar crisis suiting In classrooms like this tional operations, maintenance and repair—shot up to 100 per cent In the eight years since pre-war times. Educational costs lunged forward, too, but usually not as far. Salary boosts lor teachers ranged to 60 per cent above pre-war levels in many coses. , That faculty salaries went no higher was itself an element in the crisis, from Tiiiane In New Orleans to Antloch In Yellow Springs, O., to Carleton In Northfield, Minn., to Columbia in New York, '.he story Is the same. And teachers still need more money. The faculty is the core ot the Institution, educators believe, and it must be kept Intact ant kept happy. Besides . the teachers' financial demdiidsUhere Is sliff coin- petition for top-rank educators from the increasingly powerful and wealthy state-supported schools like California, Michigan,. Minnesota, Ohio State, Wisconsin, North Carolina; : , . With able scholars in short supply in ah expanding educational world, big state schools often find it .easy to line •inflation-pinched on the campus has hit construction ax' weTf^'i other facilities." re- one In a (uonset hut at St. John's University In Ne w York. lack of funds. It is these which make the ! big schools 1 pace-setters , Thus far. the. damaie'from this dollar crisis has been mlnoi. How long, before the pressure on overtaxed, undeipaid, teachers working In overcrowded buildings starts the private schols. donnhill faster? Not long, say their leaders An answer must be found soon to the dollar dilemma. ' L teachers away from private col leges with promises or fat salaries. To add to their woes, the endowed institutions face a rising backlog of construction needs. The huge postwar enrollments of GI students swamped them, and now the growing population plus other factors threaten to of/set the receding tide of veterans. Moreover, war-postponed needs have not been made. up. The result: Jammed classrooms, libraries, dining halls, dormitories. Scientific work that should be done In one spot is scattered through a dozen; basement cubbyholes and quonset huts are laboratories - or oflices or lecture halls. The O. S. Office of Education says .the average, full-time, student liad 210 square i feet of educational space in 1940. Now he sas : '126 square feet. The student In a private school is Just a little better olf than the -average. : i : But leading educators everywhere point to an even more critical backlog—the pile-up of Important research and other educational projects that goes on accumulating .for NATURAL GAS Continued, from Pare Si Second Section formed two years ago in Forrest ..City with packing, of chambers of Commerce throughout the area as a step toward speeding the,-lridus- tial'development of trie• cities'now dependent on coal,. fuel oil ! and •liquefied gas for commercial uses arid heating of the homes. .'-The. fact that the power plant in Forrest City, and the'hew, Ark- Mo plant, which is under construction near Campbell, Mo, will be unusually targe users of fuel on UTILITIES tnut work of hljh-voltsg* HIM*. In addition to the t«,OM.«M to be Invested in the plant, Ark-Mo will have spent over *3.500,000 additional money In constructing and rebuilding hfgh-voltige Una and related facilities required to serve an ever-Increasing demand for electric service 'hrougho- ' Its entire territory. Included In this phase of the company's "postwar expansion and service Improvement program," expected to be completed by the middle of 1952, Is a 110,000- voit line from the new plant to Blytheville, via Hayti; The Plant- Haytl section of this line, together with a new 13.333 KV A substation at Hayti, was completed the *»rlj part of September. In addition to nearly 36,000 eu«- tomers receiving service from Ark- Mo, the company supplies power at wholesale to seven large rural electric cooperatives, which operate In Its service are». : IF YOU LIKE THE BEST TRY NU-WA LAUNDRY-CLEANERS a year-around basis Is said to materially enhance the prospects for getting natural gas for the area. BRANN TILE & FLOOR CO. Asphalt Tile Woofs Hardwood Floors Rubber Tile Floors Rock Wool Insulation Weather Stripping ' Ornamental Iron Work Plastic Tile Walls All Work Guaranteed A. L. (Al) Sullivan, Jr. Harold C. Branh 114 N. 2nd. 2462 Phones 4360 DEFOLIATE -.by AIRPLANE Perfect coverage. Defoliant available at competitive prices. SCRAPE AGRICULTURAL SERVICE 2 MiJes South of Blyfheviile , Phone 4388 ATTENTION LADIES i We hare for sale now: Darwin Tnlijw In J different colors N»rclssu5r-Y«u ow and, White •'•' DafIodils-4Xibt Alfred' and Golden Harvest Galaathns Snow Drops SellU—CunpiavliU Crocns Chionodoxa Lnelha* Madonna lalj s I' HWtad"* '"• Ch6 '" St " »»n»-«-P«rt«* *<'«ct io u, frcn, B £T.!lir n<l ""'" *°™ •««««» •">» *»"« « have com- 114 Eaat Main Street PAUL BYRUM Hardware & Seed THE GRAMS COMPANY - Mort Oi».C£OLA -- IriMiruru f BH I HI Mil I Phon. 3075 SHEET METAL WORK. OF ALL KINDS Custom work for gins, alfalfa mills, oil mills. Custom Shearing up lo 1/4 inch thickness Frank Simmons Tin Shop 117 South Broadway Phone 2S51 Army Surplus WE SELL IN JOB LOTS • Mattrcsse.1 • Cots • Comforts • Blaiikeis We, Buy Good Used Clothing ANDERSON SHOE SHOP & CLOTHING STORE 318 E. Main Blflheville STABBS Service Refrigeration and OIL STOVE REPAIR Phones 2559-554 lilyllicville Willys Sales Co. •HO K. Main ON THE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE • j • ' i • • NATIONAL COTTON PICKING CONTEST BEN WHITE & SONS GENERAL CONTRACTORS MAIM OFFICE- -NORTH TENTH Phone 315! OUR NEW TELEPHONE NUMBER 4427 Nunn Provision Co. WE TAKE A MOMENT TO POINT OUT f HI TREMENDOUS GROWTH OF BLYTHEVlLLl

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