THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, TUESDAY, J U N E 20, 1893. A. U. BFLO A CO., at tho Pwtofflw at Galvtwton Â·Â· v matter. Oftlro of Publication. No?. 2108 Kod ?110 cliauio BtroÂ«t, Ulvomon. Eimtoin tfflc#, 83 Ttlbuno BulMLf^, Now York. TUESDAY, JUNE 20. 1893. THB NEWS' TRAVELING AG.BNTB Tho following aro the traveling representatives of TUB GALVJEBTON NGWB and TUB Dal LAB KKWB, who nro authorized to solicit am receipt for subscriptions und advortiemont for either publication: T, B. Baldwin, Mar chant Little, J. A. Sloan, C. H. Cox, Walto Woods, J. D. Linthicum, H. P. Slmonda, T. Clark, J. T. Lynn and E. B.-Lylo. A. H. BKLO Â· Co. Galveston, Tei., May 1,18J3. THB NEWS IN CHICAGO. THE GALVEBTON DAILY Nfws can bo four on BQ!O at the followiug places in Chicago: I'osioifFicK NEWS COMPANY, 91 Adam street. PAIiMBR HOUBH NEWS SlAHD. I. SAMT?EiJioN Â«fc Co., Great Northern Hotel WELLB B. SiaEn, 189 State street. UNION NEWS COSIPAKY, General Posaenge Depot and World's Fair Grounds. AN ARMY BILL FOJi AXEIUOA.NS TO DEFEAT. It is a pity that a writer of such versatility of talent and such range of literary culturo as ex-Sen fit or Ingalls should bo content with th reputation of a brilliant phraseologist in os- eays of incoherent dogmatism without the ox ouse of an honest hobby. In. his rocont article on tho political parties in this country Mr Ingalls ovincos 8 fatal deficiency alike in. phil oBOphioal discrimination and intollectua candor. "Political parties," be, eayn '*liko poets, are born and not made. They ar neither partnorshipe, nor incorporated sooie ties, nor joint stock companies, nor artlfJum beings created by law. They grow by an interior vitality and are not planuod nor con etructod. They havo no architects nor bull d ere, and when their forces are spent and thoi functions performed they disappear. A party IB a social solidarity, a natural group in tho state, composed of men of common mooiurieo, kiudrud COLL victioue, eimilar sympathies, interests ant aspirations upon questions affecting tho civi and political rights of its members and tho continuance of tho national life." Hero ho presents an abstract idea of parties enlarged without improvement from a definition o: parties by Edmund Burko. Then he proceeds to run this abstraction Into a review o; partita as they appear in fact and in history. Thus ho plunges into palpable contradictions thst Dorplox his theme and weary tho rsador. An instance of absurd discrepancy between his abstraction and tho reality as ro- gurds party alignments is soon in his remark about tho uroaont condition of tho democratic party with reference to dangerous emergencies confronting it. "How," ho says, "tho homogeneous and undisciplined (democratic) majority in congress, at war witli themselves nnd the president, can copo with these purita will bo disclosed at tho September session. In this description wÂ« h av2 Â»hs attar antithesis of a putty as "a social solidarity, a natural croup in tho fitato. compoBod of men of common memoriae, kindred convictions, similar sympathies, interests and aspirations upon questions affecting tho civil and political rights of its members and tho continuance of tho national life." It evidently Buitu tho purpose of Mr. In calls to no to and acueutuato tho differences of our parties an theoretical eocts in politics, rathor than to study nnd explain tbcir resemblances as collective, orgnaio mid inoro or loss predatory appetites. Had ho addressed himself to tho latter task ho could havo shown that between the two old parties, as expressed, not in their idealities but in their actualities tins country is suffering tho throes of n Tory expensive and Konorally spoliatory civil war. Ho could havo shown tlmt again and again these adversaries in their war maneuvers had exchanged their abstract contentions or camped upon tho eamo theoretical territory. Thid wtir eimU thu peuplo directly nt least $500,000,000 a year. It buQles arithmetic to calculate how much more it costs them Indirectly. It isacontost for thospoils by two opposingoolloctivomoimrcha-two old political parties. Each hoa its methods of impos ing benevolences and penalties and of distributing favors and bribes to influential clansman nnd party chiefs. It is mostly a cowardly war for pl'ju-'er in which bribery is a common resort. Thoro is no danger for tho wary gouorals, who .avoid all risks whilo thoy bleed the people more and more during a timo of so-called peace. Tho favorites in these grand armies of extravagance and plunder are BO numerous and exacting that in order to satisfy their demands it ia considered necessary by both aides to extort from the people moro and more each year and moat of the generals in Uiosw armies do not dare to oven suggest such a thing as economy or appreciable reduction of the great war fund. To do so would bo to lose tho support of many of their faithful beneficiaries. Tho question with tho cormorcnt loaders of these clans is how to raine moro money to pay off clamorous lieutenants, who aro ready at any time to tako to tho party that pays the best prices and offers the softest places. Tho idea of reducing expenses has nover occurred to most of them nt all. To do this would, in their judgment, moan disaster to the nppoti- tive interests and aspirations of thoir party. Parties organized and maneuvered in this spirit consist practically of greedy woll-pon- nionod officiate whose pny coiner at last out of tho thoroughly disciplined privates with glass eyos and corks in thoir oara. It is encouraging to observe signs of growing dofooMon in tho ranks. Tho people are tired of konpmgup standing armies of intestine rapine in timo of pence. Tho privates threaten to jump tho bounty. Even certain lenders of ono of these armies hnve dared to suggest as a remedy for tho country a reduction rathor than an in- civ-aso of tho monoy uxlurUid from tho rank and file. Mr. Cleveland's enemies in bin own party hold against him thia very thing. Thy d o n o t l i k o bin ideas of economy. Thoy do not think that tho amount of revenue extorted from tho people should bo reduced. Thoy contonl that It miit bo largely increased. They want tho Animal domnnds of tho army bill augmented BO that tho party may buy lU way into tho cDictn and Hpoils for nt loHflt twonty-itvo yonra to come. They maintain thnt: thr enhosivu powor of public plunder bhould bo Uflotl on rigid party linos of bribery and bounty. Thoy doapino civil wrvico reform. They do not consider uny man a good democrat who hesitates to use the offices nn party or personal rewards. They would koop up their army ftvon if it Â·houlA bankrupt tha pooola to do ec. Tbn headstrong young kaiser of Germany iu hi extravagant army bit! has novor demanded o tho people as much a* the load lug spoiUmon of tho republican and domovrntlo parties o thia country roqulro of the tax pay lug poo of tho XTuitod Statoe. U is *oma\vha* teas (turtug to loom that tho doinauOu of this ox travogant youug monarch aro likely to bo disregarded. It Uvids to tho tiopa thdt with Mr CUtveinud and olhof advooatw of economy on roLrvmohmeut to head tho iugbttta pooploo this country may deiout Luu Jemiuida o! th morcilwa army bill Â·poilsmen of both the olc Iy wa could insert into tho car of eaol would-bo lawmaker in this land the small em of F, funnel with a mouth to it a yard wid and pour into him a head full of truth, w would certainly strive to load him down wit thi idea tlmt too much legislation is tlio curs of this couniry and that ho should mo around with a rod-hot determination to mak as few laws ns possible. L- " Â· WHY NO UOXDS. Less is heard now about an issue of bondi than Bomo mouths ago. While tho detormi nation of ttio Washington administration eooma to have removed that subject from th front place; thin has been done, doubtless, un der tho conviction that such issue would hav ^disguised to Bomo extent a situation which it would not have alterac for tho better except temporarily, flnd wouli at tho samo timo havo complicated it by fur nishirjg cues for partisan opposition ready tc resort to demagogic methods. The Clevolont ilduiiuibtration ia far from wishing to ISBUI bonda. It can not bo natural for the United States to go in debt at this time, and tho ad ministration would not go in dobt to tompora rily avoid the development of a situation whici has to Bo understood and dealt witlh. No om knows precisely what the resjlt of Bellini bonds would bo. It might induce a system o milking the treasury by creating a drain o tho newly acquired gold until nn enormous dobt was the result. Meanwhile tho govern mont would Boon have a surplus of silver or notes on hand if it were to pay out gold received from bond ISSUCE and accumulate othor moneys taken as revenue, tho political opponents woul question tho legality of such accumula tion while tho people would bo distressed ovoi its policy as taking money out of circulation. On the populist side agitation must increase under such circumstances. A l a c k of money juRtifif.3 brind issues, but n plenty of tnonej do?* nnt oic-js" t.nvn. Th? po;"jhsts indeed K furthur nnd hold that tho Sherman law, in authorizing tho secretary of tho treasury to coin as much of tho accumulated silvur a; shall bo necessary, intended that it should bo used before borrowing, nnd that would bo tt nnturni inference woro there nothing in the public policy of maintaining all tho moneys nt a parity, Ono can not but think that tho wiser course has thus fnr boon pursued in refusing to issue bonds, thus keeping tho underlying situation clear before tho public mind for discussion without antagonism of u partisan or factional character having fresh chances to confuse tho politico-financial question. THE idea of drawing the lino against married women, single women or any othor class in selecting toachora la utterly ridiculous. What tho people waut is tho most efliciont teacher, tho very boat sorvico. Whether tho applicant is married or single has nothing to do with It, Tho schools aro neither political conventions nor charity hospitals. 110 W A QA L VES'l'ON POLITICIAN PROTECTS HIMKKLV. Tho labor ordinance passed by the recently outgone Galvoston board of nldormon provides that "no pordou shall bo elected to any otllco or bo employed by the city of Galvcttton or by nny contractor under the city unices euch person is a citizen of this stnto and shall have boon a bona fido resident of tho city of Gnlvcstnn for not loss than ono year, pro- 'ided thnt tho requisite labor cun bo had in thu city of Gnlvcfli-on ut a fair rate of wages, not loss thnu $2 pur day." In addition to tho rank odor of selfishness nud greed that tnnkos .his ridiculous provision smell to lionvon, it is fuihmittcd tlmt its effect if it should bo cou- ilnnod and put into oxocution would bo to build around Galvoston 11 Chinese wall by which Inhnring people, ontwidn thn pmtnofiv.j and monopoly circle would bo generally and oiloctimlly oxuiudod. Laboring men as n rule iave not fuilYlcfont moans uhurul to run aud ccnp thafn a wholo yonr in idleness. They go to a plncc ono day tuid expect to bogin work the icxt day, or at tho furthest tho next week. It s nocoasnry for many of ttiom to find Bomc- ;hmgto do nt onco. In Galveston as oxpoct- inta of somo city employrriuut whilo this ordinance- was in forco thoy would buvo to rout on .heir ours for at least ono your. It is quite clear tlmt this means absolutely shutting out all capable ana enterprising laborers who aro unnble or unwilling to fold thoir hands nnd mit for timo and tido to qualify them to earn a penny. It will bo observed that this ordinance albo deprives tho idler of tho right to told any oflico or to take employment under ho city as a contractor. Tho gentlemen pasa- ,, it proceeded to protect theniselfoo whilo landing in,with n resident majority of prospective bonoficiarics. Tho only privilege oh the ordinance loaves to tho recent nr- rivnl, if n citizon of Texns, is to sit n round md vote. When it comes to the jobs ho is not n it. Tho nldormon who conceived nnd passed heroic inonsuro mndo ono serious blunder, Vhy did thoy not provide that thoy and thoir loirs, their supportord at tho polls find their loirs ahnuld tnko hold nnd have tho wholo own to their own exclusive uso and benefit orovor? Do TIIR fi.atizcrt! actually believe thnt their ilan will restore confidence and help tho redit of this country any? IT is pitiful to think of tho groat number of good men who find it nccesa-iry to pander to Im, that and the other political ho rosy in or,or to get a living. SOME people aro anger to repeal tho Sher- i-fii. ifiw prr.Tsdi-u congress will glvo tv us omothing worse. Tin: only things that hinder tho prosperity f the people of tho United States aro ex- rnordmury extravagances in public oxpondi- uros Hiid senseless agitation for trashy monoy nil conflscatory legislation timt is calculated to destroy confidence nud credit and to drive cnsh out of the country. Tan great effort for tho advocates of free education to nmkn is to kpop politics out of the fichuoihousos. Tho average Amnricnn always absorbs enough politics, nnd it is im- noooaaary and tliin^otou* to liotfin with liis a b o'Â« to pump wnrd pGlitics into him. Drownod In a Pool. Box HAM. Tex., Juno ID.--Xowfl ronohad hero to-day that whilo bathing in, a rool yostorday evening fovirtoen miles notitiionat of hore Jiua j Youro*. u. DOV 11 vBnn ld. WM drowuad. i THO STATH tÂ»BE8ti. What th* Papera fhrouihoufi tho BUta Are Talking About. Â· The Port Lavaoaon saya: Uopovtn from Wolf Polut, the biff Swedish colony aovoo, ihe bay aro most encouraging. Moat of thti ooiouJLHlyworolateiufMtuigio work, but th*y JiiVf Out cotton _u* othÂ«r crops Â»nd art) benatu of'fotwrtw fchslr tirM soft- Bun in tho new 1 county, Thooolony will tfak.9 R showing, and. pelt yenr there ffill be. a lartfo increaao In tfib^opufa'tionÂ» ' . \ Says the S-BJfly.-Ne^iii,.' --. ,/Â·. .^ Whilo busiruM generally swrot lomewhafc dull at present: wÂ» mar ausely look; for aa unusually busy f air Â«eaftan this year, and thero Â·will be a splendid, cbaueo for a merchant to inako money if ho brings a first class titook of goods and conducts business in a modern way. Somo Texas papora doom incapable of discussing mooted questions with patience and tolerance. A loadiug religious paper IB ono of thorn. Tho odium theologioum is more than a nnmo. Many who dedicate themselves to the servioo of tho Lord seem to naturally think that all who do not agroo with them are allies of the devil. It is a good thing for hero- tics that they aro no longer burned. The liockdale Banner writes this characteristic story of tho law's delay In caaea where the criminal has money: Tom 1*. Varnell murdered old man Jonas Land in Hill county in March 1882. He then iled nnd it was several years before he was captured and brought to trial. Finally he Â·was convicted nnd given nine years in the penitentiary. Thu caae waa reversed by the court of appeals and a c ban go of venuo to Ellis county secured, which when the case was Orst culled resulted in n mistrial. After tbis he secured several continuances. More than two years ago ho was convicted ant given twelve years m the penitentiary, when the case was again appealed and waa not decided until about two months ago. Then i VHÂ« attlrmod by the court of appeals. There was talk of appealing the case to the United States suptferna court. Siuce his sentence 1ms been affirmed ho by somo unknown menna made his escape from the Waxnbachio jail, but was capturci the next day. Now comes another chapter in this now notorious cane which is explained by tho following telegram from Waxahachto of June 12: Tho sheriff received a telegram today from P. Walton, clerk of tho criminal court of appeals at Austin, saying that the mandate of tho court ordering Tom P. Var- noil carried to tho penitentiary wns Bent by mail to tho distnot clerk May 27. District Clerk Cooper- says the document has never boon received horo. Notice of the fact was wired to Clerk Walton immediately and an- oflier ordor is looked for to-morrow. It is moro than passing strnngo that the mandate m this especial CQRO should bo lost in the mails, when there nro hundred* of others sent by tho Bamo inonns overy year nnd you hoar nothing of their accidentalles!! ia tho United States mails. Thu mandate afterward turned up and Tom is now on his way to the pen. See item in today's NEWH. The Bellvillo Times-Standard says: THE GALVEBI-OS NEWS quotes President Cleveland ns saying "damn." We thought bettor of tho president than that. Tho father of his country only swore on special occasions, but some othor presidents, particularly old Zaok Taylor, sworo without occasion. Tho Soguin Enterprise saya: Tha regatta at Austin's big dam woe wit* nessed by multitudes of people. To uso a popular phrase, it proved n good drawing card for Austin. To say that many turned away disappointed speaks the sentiment correctly, but this wns owm'g moro to the lack of conception on thoir part of tho term "regatta" than any lack of effort on tbo part of Austin to make tho occasion a success. Wo hoard of orio. infitnnco in winch a prominent oflicinl of our towu, believing tho word to mean BOino new flpooios of tho animal kingdom, wont up to witnofis it and came back vary much disappointed. Tho Boovillo Picayune says,jjrobably ia alluding to tho Sunday opening question at If church and state nro divorced in this country, thcu tho church does not need to invoke tho Inw to BUntdin nny of its tenets, nor docs it have tlio right to dg BO. Tho Arnnsos Harbor Herald admires Its ibituaries, but pronounces them too previous: It IB not often that a concern hves to roud ita obituary, but we have had sucli an experience. The lantern-jawed correspondent in this section for an esteemed daily contemporary was luthonty for tho statement that the "Uerald md turned up its toes to the daisies." Tho nformntior. v.-aa given aa a fact, and, in cou- sequouco, aomo of our brothers of the weekly prctis sytnpntlii'/.cd and wept over our snd mis- fortuue. Wo had no idea how highly we wore natoomod until this occurrence. No, gontlo- 11 on, wo aro not cloud yot, but oxpuct to work ong aud effectually for tho good of southwest IVxni, nnd Sun Pntrinio Bounty nnd Livo Oak poantbula in particular. The Herald is still vital ia every part. It ins not been either dead or aslcop. Englo Lake. Tho Canoe says: Wo visited tho lake Inat Tuesday evening and found many now uhauuus. Kvon thu ouco oid rough troo/t, with their Tow hanging mosny imbs, which cutoff a pnrt ot tho beautiful ako viaw, nro boinj? trimmed up nnd their runkn whitewashed, which nude a clioorful np- ponrnnco to the whole lako aide. Snvoral camps of strangers woro noticed nnd thoy wero nil preparing fish eupDura which fnirly peril mod tho atmosphere with good old Qeh gravy odor from their frying pans. Tho pavilion work is undor swift headway, Tho building will stand about 100 foot from tho water's odgo, with a solid lloorod plank walk about lix feet wide reaching ashore. It will Dive latticed walls with beautiful archod en- -ios. Tho North Qalvoston Journal says: The plant of tho North Galvoston brick company is ono of the largest ana moat complete in the southern states. Work wns begun m the buildiiiK about September 1,1892, uid hoy now cnnbist of an engine and machine IOUBO, BOxfW fÂ«tut, and frame brick shod, 7,"ji 76 foot. Theao buildings, with tho kilns and yards, cover about stx acres. The investment of the North Gulveston brick company, in- 1 udi.ua its mauinnery, buildings nud coal OH. Â»tc, represent* a value of $34,000. It hns a apacity of -6,000 pressed brick every day of on hours, and gives employment to twenty workmen. The Journal reports a now case in ndmiralty: A couple of North Galvoston gentlemen foro out floininp ono aftornoon Inat week, and n making a haul were disputed right of way jy fuioUiur who wa* m a skill finning. Snmo gly domonstrntiooH wore made and tho mater will bo adjusted according to the "statute" ~y Esquire Anderson. The Fort Worth Mail says: The moat foolish pioco of municipal loefs- ation ovpr indulged in was thnt of tho Gal- cflton city council which prohibits tho om- loymont on the public work of that city of any mn who has not resided thoro ono year. This irtunlly establishes a Chinese wall around lie oily of tho Pirato inln nnd fmyp to tbo Â·orkingmon of Texas outside of Oaivostou, KOL-P out." Tho worldngmon of Texan, no oubt, will obey tho mr.ndnto and not oast 101 r fortunes among such a gang of exolu- lonlftts. 4 Tho Victoria Timos says: In going north to spend tho Rummer our 'eras people aro doinf/ tbo louth, and ospo- inlly tho coast country, A groat injustice, an it s far more pleasant aud closer than the urthorn walnnng places. In tho menntimo, it: northern i^oplo continue to comu south nd upend thoir summon on the gulf coast. Tho BrofiiAvUlo Herald FÂ»yB; "Tho chief o?ultof tho Briftgn horosy trifi! uAn buOU 10 opulari/o Dr. BriggÂ»." A grunt majority of 10 people sympathize with his viowft. Tha Baotng Dow boy Â§. WACBAU, Neb., June "C.-- All thd cowboy* sve registered her* and departed for luu oast i THE COLORED CELEBRATION HOW THE ANNIYEUSAET OF EttAK- OIFA1TOH WAS OBBBBVUD. OpUootor Ouuey Speak* at Houston--Gen* er*l Granger's Ordw Putting the in Force, Tho colored population has celebrated June 19, or Emancipation day, as it IB called with tho regularity of clook work since 10GO. Many persons labor under the improssion that tho day observed is thoaanivuwary of thedato of the emancipation proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln, president of tho United States, but this is an error. At tho time President Lincoln issuod his proclamation Texas was afitato in the southern confederacy; was hold by thb foiceeof that government, and was not occupied by the federal forces until Juno 18.1865. On tho 19th Major General Gordon Granger, commanding the department of Texas with headquarters at Galveston, issued general order No. 3, putting the emancipation into effect In tho following words: QESKKAIj GQANGBlt'fl OEDKM. "Tho people ara informed that in accordance with a proclamation from the executive of the United States, all slaves aro froe. This involves an absolute equality of paisonal rights and rights of property between former masters nnd Glaves, nnd tho connection heretofore existing between thorn becomes that between employer and hired labor. .Tho freed men aro advised to remain nt their homes nnd work for .wages. They ara iu for mod Ihut thoy will no*; bo allowed to collect at military pusts, and that thoy will not bo supported in idleness either thero or elsewhere." UATUKIIED THBM IN. The situation at Galveston at that time was thus described in a lettor written to THE NEWS, printed at Houston at the time, under data of Juno 21, 1805: ''Last Sunday tho people of Galveaton wore astonished at tho number of colored individuals, of all shades, congregated here. The like has uot beon soon sinco tho war began. The dress, air and swaggorof the motley multitude would have dono credit to tho shoddy aristocracy of the north. Tho good timo so long promised to thu darkies had evidently ooine. Liko old Uncle Ned, thoy had laid down tho shovol und the hoa, and wero to have no more work. It appears that many persons in the country had allowed thoir slaves to take the emancipation ball aa thoir first hop, and meet thoir deliverers on tho threshold. The arrangement was opportune. With tho proclamation of freedom camo a practical lesson iu its duties. "On Monday morning a guard of federal soldiers scoured thu streets and picked up every loose nocro that they could lay their hands on to go to tho country and cut wood, man steamboats, or assist in such labor as was necessary fur tbo army. A panic soon Biozod the now claw thuu oontioripted, and thoy who had appeared as suddenly and aa strangely RB Roderick Dhu'u men among tho heather, attempted to disappear ns BOOH ; but the quick feet of tho white soldiers and tha persuasive nnd tho pointed argument of tho bayonet brougtit Lhoin tu a sansoof their obligation to support tho government whiah had given them their freedom, und thoy mado thoir first ostiay In marching in going on board the Btoamero to assume their labor*. I counted fifty-two in a siuglo gang, strictly guarded by soldiers. Somo attempted to return to their former hotnea in the cars but woro hauled out und sont to work with tho rest." MUST I1A.VK I'UIllHTB. On ftio 28th of June General Granger issued tho following circular iu relation to former slavos: "No persons formerly Blnvos will bd pormlt- tÂ«u to triivui upon tho piiuiiu thoroujjhfarua without pawos or permit* from tboir employ- era, or to ooogrotfAto in buildings or camps, or ndjucDUl tu uuy military pont or tuwn, Thoy will not be' subsisted in idleness, or in any way except as employes of tho government, or iu causa of extreme destitution or sickness, aud iuiiueh cuaoa the ofllcora authorized to order tbo imues shall bo *Â·* judgos ns to tho justice of the olnim for such subsistence. Idleness is said to bo productive of vice, and humanity dictates that employment bo furnished those people, while tho in- teront of the common wealth imperatively demands it, In order that the present crop may be uouured. No persona, white or blauk, and who nro able to In bur, will bo subsisted by the govortiuiuut m idleness, and thus hnug as a dead weight upon-those who aro disposed to boar thoir full share of the public burdous. Provost tnuratmlsand their assistants throughout the district aro charged with using every moans in thoir power to carry out thoao instructions in lottor aud spirit." T1IKN A N D NOW. Something Concerning tho Progronf of the Knoo In TQXJIB Sluco Km;tncljiiulon. As a companion picture to the foregoing, a brief resume of tho progress of tho colored race in Texas sines 1805 may not bo out of plnco. According to tho tliroo lout reports of the COMUS bureau tho colored population in the state stood as follows: lucroanu, (HUOL 1390 489.533 1870 2:rM'5 70,634 1800 182.U21 Itwas a generally conceived opinion throughout the south nt the time tho ulavos were freed that under emancipation their numbers would decrease, and that aa a raco thoy would not work, unload they were compelled to. The first idea has boon proven erroneous by tho statistics of the census bureau, mid the second proposition has also boon shown to bo fallacious, for although thero aro numbers of idle and dissolute negrooa, as well as tlioro avo idle nnd difwolute white men. the groat mass of them are industrious and about as provident as tho Caucasian in tho lower walks of lifo. BCUOOLB AND OnuKCUliS. Tho colored population of tho state ia vrnll provided with schools and churchy The vuiuo of tho church property held by the rauo m Galvodton will roach $40,000, and all their churches except that of the Roman Catholic religion aro presided over by ministers of .b'jir own raco. In tho matter of schools tho stnto amply provides for the education of the colored raco by inonna of normal schools and by ordinary froe schools. In Galvostun thoro ire throe colored public froo schools, niain- ;ninnd by tho state and rity at nn expense of S12,000 per annum, nnd having a daily avorago attendance.of over 1000 pupils. An approxi- nntion of the amount oxpnudod by tho state 'or the education of colored papiU is as folOWB: School Chil- Pro Appor- ynar, dron. rata. tlonm't, 1*92 161.105 $500 J755.K.!5 !891 148,420 0 00 742,100 ISSW 1415.UOO 4 fiO tfd7,UUO !8s9 iHR.l^l 1 00 540.738 IMS 125,515 4 50 B.S3.817 Â« 11R.U41 20 . 022.MS ' I8S4 80,065 4 BO 3thl.29^ .SSI 7,;Wl 3 01 272,;iT)7 .SS2 03.015 3 Â« 221,0(8 SSI 07,777 8 00 ZOO.Ml SSO J . 67,701 8 00 173.UU CKf/KHRATINO THE DAT. In dftlvnttoii. TIic twcnty-oitfhth anniverflary of tho oman- ipatlonoftho colored population waa colo- )rmod by tho Ninotoonth of Juno commtUoct n Grttvoston yeaterday in grand iitylo, Tho olobrnlion took plnco nt Vloannnt Hill 2*iron, whom tho procaodtiigt woro opened with prayer by R 0 v, R. A. Scull. 7no oniAiicipation proulfttnatlon was read y Edward McRay. Tho speakers wore Prof. . N. Doilnon of Auitin. Prof. J, It. Gibnon of Galveiton and Prof. R. A. Scull. After tha speaking thon* prwent dÂ«voted | iliviutAlve* to an cnjoymoni of the occasion by unncliiR aud other amusements. Tho re were wveral hundred proteut ami everything |doif pluauutiy and with tho boat o order. AMOTHEU OBLKDBAT10M. The 10th was colebratod at the gcspcl ten on Bnth avonuo mid N street by about 160 people. Tho day's programme waa carrlw out an woll tia could be oxpoctod, after a rnluy fovouoon. The *pÂ«nkere wore thoughtful aud their subjocU woro well doiivoroU. Everyone present had a good timo. Tho celebration will coutlnuo to-day. At night RBT. L. U. Reynolds will preach the introductory sormon. Tho mooting* will continue /or two weeks and everyone u in- viled* ' Â· At Houston, HOOBTOH, Tex., June 19.--This forenoon tho streets of the city wero thronged with poo plo to witness tho parade with which tho colored people inaugurated tho celebration this yonr of the anniversary of their emancipation. Boforo tho hour arrived the sidewalks wore BO crowded that it was diilloult ;tor a person to pass along. The parade was formed nt the Methodlsl Episcopal ouurch on Travis Btroefc and moved toward tho buyim. They turned acrons on Franklin uvonuo to Main street and along il marched out to tho emancipation grounds north of tho city. They marched ia tho following order: Grand Martha! and His Staff of Deputies. - Houston Electric Hrnss Hnud. Sheridan Gnardfi of Houston, Lincoln Guards of Galveston. Labor Organizations and Civic ontl 'Uonovolonl Societies. Baseball Clubs in Uniform. Packard Zouave Company, Commondod. by Captain John ScBsnnis. The Ideal Fire ('ompnny, iioddoas of Liborty, with jMnids of flonor and Flower Uirl*. IteproscattulvoB of tho Slave States on a Decora- The States of the Uuinu Kepr'esoatfid by 44 Girls on H Mammoth Dccuratoii Float. (Jniud Ofiicorn in CnrriÂ«fres. (Jrami Orators iu Oarria^OB. Coaimittoo lu Carriagoi. Thero wore twolvo carriages bearuig the parsonages of distinction in tho lino. The trades displays wer9 numerous and represented nearly every brunch of business in tho city including tho manufacturers and dealers in the various Huod. It was withal a moRt creditable parade and stretched a distaneo of sovorul blocks. Two juvenile tiro companies and the union of hod carrier^ wore uniforms in lino. They marched out to tho emancipation grounds, whoru Hoa. N. W. Cunoy delivered his address as follows: Follow (Jitizoiis: To-day you assemble hero for tlio purpose of colobratlng \!ip twonty-eiRhUi an- nivorsary of your emancipation. On thin occasion it would bo woll for UB to consider the importnnca of onrcitizon rights nnd tho eiwniti- cauco of freedom. Froetlorn to any people mouns m its perfection not only the fullest opportunity to oxorciau oviy reflBouablo humflii riKht. but it alflo sut'tfHBts to llio tliinlcor a capncity for its fullost cnjoymont. The colored man of this couuiryirt arduously and nucco^afully lahorinic to prove to tlio world Unit ho possesson tho capacity, nnfl whan ho fails it ia eimply ov.'iag to lack of opportuuity. In my opinion tho best moans for tho colored citizen to demonstrate his capacity for the full- cat onjoymcut of his citizen's riffliU nro by surround me liimBolf w i t h ovory ovidoiico (hut Jio lias n real iutorcBt in tho intuUectual and industrial liffi of this nation. Trj-dnyl intrtnd to ndilroBB you imroBorvndly on llio nnbjoct of induitrml ptlucaUon, bpcauso on snch an occnsion QK this it in woll thnt we should consider what is batst for us to-day, what la beat for our children ton or twenty yonrt honcc. Tlio uoÂ«ro, follow citizonH, iÂ« ouKQKod in tho groat out etru^Kln of his existence. IIo is faciiiff with his youthful nnd 'jntruinod runka thut obitinnto onc-my. raco projuillco nnd race i Buy ranee. If ho wouH ovnrcomo tho tlrnt tho uagro eao and munt unburdoti bimitolf of tho luttor. Itsceprojudico cun only bo downed by iff outer intelfii;unco and a growth of inoro on- liehUinod public opinion. Public Boptlmont nithor raiBos up nn opprbSKud ijuupir-j 01 itburios them ilocpor In tho unconcorn of tho mttongor- I havo nhvayÂ« contended that tho nouro can in- flutincn favorably public Kutjtiniaiit iu his JiittT- ost and tlio KEYNOTE TO HIS SUCCESS in this if contained in all Hint is monnt by educa- tion--oducation not only of thn hoitd, but ftduci- liuu of tho heart and hand. Erorythiiiff doncuds on a proper training, on tho propur direction of brain and sinow and tho propor uso of natural adaptability, fiy two centurion nnd one-half of training 'lio polorpU nmn hn.9 demon?trntrd thnt the industrial poiBibllitioKof thu raco rank high. In tha purely intelloctuaJ or literary walkn uf lifo, thnuich bis future ia prominiutf. his pnut in thin country romnini* mmrly dorttitutu of con- vlncing ovidnnro of his linrmK rcnrliod a lovel piano with t h o w h i t o raco of thin country. For we must rcmcrahor "Uiatlituraturnli tho highent expression of a people's development, nnd in n mo tiff tho last of tho pliaeoa of a national or riico Konlub to manifest itnelf in an npprrrinblo docrooj" und though our Intellectual nnihitionn niunt bo hlffh, wo cau not oxpoct ut thisoiirly part of our Blrutrtrlo to ranch above mediocrity, thouith wo may Kivn individual inetaucos of rnro intullcctual Â«oiiluÂ». Tho ntfo wo live in in a prourofisivo afcc. Tho eronttiuoof human ovontH, tlmt currios nn itn uoiom the dofitlninu of nuliona and the fortunos of individual?, hns iw uljha nnd lloodtt, hut iiitvor its iioriod of porfoct tranaullity. Tho inn- duticioi) of tho timOH Aro upvvani, nnd 1m who honitatOB In tlio Rn.'ut mnrch 01' life, who playa tho elupKard nnd iupin?Iy throws Iho path of r-rojrrobfl, unconsciouB tlionuh ho m t i y h o n f t l m d'MiKorto 1m tuturo witH-l)inc, Jus as llio only opportunity of a lifutimo mid rumnina n dronn in Llio busy hiva of porpotutit motion. Thus it is with tho Ainoricnn no#ro. lio JH surrounded on ovory fiido w i t h n :cni,v KTnuuoi.isa IICMAMTV; ho is onvirouud by tho dnuniloa roui-ago and porsovoranro of genius, lÂ»y tho nplitudo of tulont and tho urgont nocCQflitics of tho timcii, by o coarago und persuvorunco that knows within tlio Bcopo of humnn trial no impossibility nnd rncntf- nizoa lu Iu nocoflKitiou no limit to ma.i'i ambition. Tho quotitiuli. tlion, thut confronts nn t fellow citizens, ia: Slinll wd bo behind in the tfreat march of proRrosaf Shall wu remain eluc-pnrdg iu tlio IUHTOW lauos and by ways of HfiÂ», mory looker-) on at Oath, wliilo tho Bi'cat, throbbing, stru?- -"UK inaieos aro mounting in oaner huBto, the ...^[liuHt summits of human ondouvor? I can roud thn tiiiswor iu ovory fnnc l.iÂ»roro mo und hoar tho umioue throb of overy patriotic negro's honrt tliut answers: '"Let UB onward and upward: let ua koop tu tlio groat Iiuu of mnrch." Tlio next q HUB lion tiiar confrnntK us is: How shall wo keep in thit urcmt lino of proKroas. how koup our placo with othor grout racos of tho world? Progrensivo nntioiml lifo moans proffrofltiivo in- dustridl lifo. Tho ono is dop3ndont on tho suc- co*$ of tlio othor. And Ittat rnco which omployi llio ntoÂ»t poorpy, t h r i f t and ontorpri?e in tho promotion of her industrial lifo is thu ono which more quickly roallzas tho moaning of tho torm. rnooRKSHivE NATIONAL LIFE. An it is with othor members of tho human family, BO it-must bo witli us. IT ~na would euc- cecd in life nnd placo onrjol?op above a piano of lontlnual holpIosBiipp*, wo must fos'.or a spirit of trade, of art nnd Industrial lifo. In othor words wo must teach our girls and boys mechanical trades, enconrngo thoircommorcial undertakings, mil rocognizo llioir manly nnd ^o.'iir-.nly capa- Noarly thirty years of fronriom 'linvn domon- si rated tlmt tho nolorod man has wnndorful ndnntnbllity for tho hiphont industrial walks of civllfzntion. It liaH boon pntiafnrtonly donion- Rtrntfid that tlio colored man lias n Inch ilcRroo if nochanical KoniUH; that hia only voraliou in lifo s not to how wood and draw water: that ho cnn take Jiin plnco. whon properly trained, In tho rnnka of okillod labor of tho world and thorn hold hlfl own. Sinco It id Iran, thnn, tbat wo possosn to nn omt- nont dogroo nilaptabiliLy in thoan linos, it is oqually trao that wo nhould tnkn ndvantagoof this groat gift -natural adaptability. Tho colored inon of lliu coimtry phould ho found In 1 lio machino Â«i.op% nt tlio forf-ft nnd nnvll, tuid a' tho pinning bnnch, na well us in thnprofcs- pioiiP, Htf) doft fintcert* and rnady wit nhould spnlr thoco channels of occupation to which thoy nro so thorotiffhly mlaptfld. Homo of our fnonds have represented me- ns an ndvorato of tlio inL- chnnlcnl nnd industrial odiifntion of 1 ho raco, nud nomn of tlio ovor-?.onlÂ«ui friondn hnvn ronriv Bontod m.) cÂ« boing opposed to inontnl, or rathor I.1TEHABY Oil J'ltOl'IiasiONArj T R A I N I N G . An to boiiiR tho friond of mochnnionl oducalioi., I In all humility plead guilty to that clinrgo. Rut . Hint I am nppniod to (lie inonliil truininB of our poopl.i, 1 must tnko arlvanf-iifin of this i pportnnity to ploart notffitilLy. Ir. n rocont npruch M i highly croditahlo fair given by our ponpio at Nnva*otn 1 took tho opportunity in tho cmirfio of my voinurkw, which 1 repeat Luro Ui Icr.l trsiÂ«i".,v T!:nrn v.-.iaotiÂ«o nn old-fn^hii ...... 1 itlou provaicnt that tho Oil neat Jon of t h A f i n n d cnnlil or.ly ho nt tho fupimao of the homl, nnd vico vorsa. Jlnppy nnd i-ro^poronfi imlnod Â·Â» n cmm- try vliwontnnuractnrinv nnfl noriotilturnl intor- mtH nro both well dovfllopftd. linnpy nnd pron- poroim aro n poopla who nttndh rlio Â«ftmo importance to tho odumtJnn of tho hand that thoy Attach to tho edncnUcu of tLe head. Tho tducatod aulo hnÂ» nu c,UaatugB over tht uuttiucatwi iuuio. Ihtodupufeii tHrmpr Ukewisv hmt Â»u uUK* of tbÂ» UUtorÂ»tÂ» Urowr. depends on proper of uaturnl m i u p U l i i l . "It Is cruel to Urivu thÂ« muchuuicu of tho proiwr UM) of uaturnl "It Is cruel to Urivu th your boy intjj an early Kruvy by Uuvlutf bin bond cruuuuod with Latin, Uroolt laid poduKOKicf wlu-u ho is born with tho soul of loToutlon uuu the deft- _ _ _ _ _ _. -- , uud tho ucat uf uio uiaohinUt. It ii IwtUr Â« hundred tioio* u roar u pool blttoksniith. u tuusloiil out- pentoror a linpulstlcthnniitli tbn-i It iÂ« to be the fat-liur to a loin; Jino of brjtloib luwyon, oaroJ.ois doctorb nud ill j.aid ouhool tobchorv. "Tha uo^ro tuuflt crowd tho jjiaohiuo aboim and trdou as well as ovorcrowd tha profesitloiitt. At tho later oolorod nion'i state convention held in tho city of Houston Iboro was . u commlttno ai- pointoil to visit tlio roKOptA of tho university board and renupet in the uamo of Uio colored poople ot thoetatn their looir prqinitieU brunch uf tho atato university; but notwithstanding thut 1 aui a member of that C'juuulttoo .1 donot deslro to bo uiisuudorstood in uayiiiff thnt wtAt tho ue^ro youth of TuiaB.uyi 1 of the wholo eouvh, moot uuod IB .m 1,NDU8TKJAI_ AN'D MECHANIC A I, SCHOOL. "Frjiirio Viow normut school id doiii a grand work iugraduntiutf cchool ti'iicnors. Paul Quinu collogo, while a university, Bishop collogo, Til- lotsou institute and sovornl othor uo'ulo iusii- tutloua iu this state aro turning out ucholarJy tuen und womou, who cortiunly loso no classical lustre in comparing with tho Kraduatos of eomo of (ho older BtutooolloijoB. "Our Bohuol rooms are filled with poliphed men n.nd women--men of education und Bociiil culture, and our churches nrs supplied with a fair number of educated proachorg; but, alas, tho ncgru's bollows and forgo aro silent, aud hi. plnco in thn groat mochnuicnl lifo of the nation Is but poorly roprc.K.Dt-u'1, le but illy dtjOnvd." ' Thus you will soÂ«, follow citizens, that i op- poso that class of otlticaLlou that culuviit-.-s tho mruitulity of our boys uud girl* iu tlio pro- fosaioDn to tlio uttor disrogard of tha roquiro- mouta of n manual training. Education, I tnko it for granted, is EITETEa ORNAMENTAL OB USEFUL, It is either superficial or prapticaL It either aids tho man or woman or retards hi; or her Â«iro2n. cl Â», In making a choice of an education then it. utlli ty should rccolvo tho .Irst and most carious con oi dor a tion. Thus we must bloud the oducation of tho hand with the oducation of tho head, in othor worda, we- must give tho future nrnu a chanco. WoarollvliiKin a groat industrial ago An ugo wiio?o thrubbing pnlso boe;-Â» timo to the hum of tbo inbtrumi'iits of our groat national mechanical lifo and a want of thia kuowlodgo bj our poopta will be shown at tho world's fair iu 181.3. The negro is fa*t hurrying through thu embryonic period of his citizen life. Ho is flint leaving huhmd him tho landmarks of slavury anc orutirginK into that new life that tiiuuns to him a future of rcnawnd life and uroat activity. Ho u. in. that tido of affairs that, tho poot says, "leads on to fortune.' Thorn is no period of roat for him. no time for iiflflose enorvation. ho inust listpn to thu ))rovai!intf cry of tho ngo which EoundH tho elocan along the lino of mnrch nnd in unmifltakablo tormÂ« says: "Move on." \Vo havo readied that period in our oxi*tnco whon ho who" logs behind can never roach tlio vaucuard ; ho who falls Â»in tho tranches must bs buritid thoro. In coaclusion, follow citirens, lot uÂ» remomber that tho proper oncouragoinont of ruco cutorpriso is the host way on tho top of this crnou to promote tho raco prido: to bring out tho real and substantial bc-torment of tho pooplo, whoso lot from time immemorial has bccncttsMu tho hu or muhlb of humuna- AuJ \vg uiUb. roiuuiubur, fellow citizens, whothpr in tlio pulpit or school room, on the farm or in tho work shops, in the city or in thocouutry, in eociuty or in politics, ro- memb-T thut jiurmnuunt good, laotiug prosperity and roal hnppinobH aro only brought about by taking higher grounds. lio was followed by ox-Senator Stewart of .issisdippi, who delivered an abloand loarnod address. Sundry aniUBomuuts wore on tho program mo at tbo grounds, uf iiictte dancing was perhaps tho most popular. At Austin. AUSTIN, Ter., Juno 19.--Tho colored people colobrntod emancipation to-day in a grove in the eastern suburbs. At least 6030 wero on the ground aud tho greatest (food ordor and good feeling prevailed. Thoy had a regular feast and watermelons in plenty. The core- monies at tho grand stand opened with prayer upon tho arrival uf tbo procession through tho city, which waa quite imposing. It was provided with music by two brass bands ana all tho colored societies participatod. The prayer was by Rov. C. Smith. Next Mrs. Frances Black in an road the emancipation proclamation. Kpoechcfl followed. The first, by Itov. L. L. Campboll. was aa eloquent, conservative and logical discourse OD thewanta and neods of tlio negro race. Ho Khvo thu liii^ruua oouud adviuu, udvurUjd Lo Lhoir shortcomings and urged thorn to look to liiRlierthings; to bo loyal und true to their country and to tho people, who are true to tho in. Speeches on cognate subjocta were daliv- orod by Rov. Wm. Massio, Jtov. Mack Hanson, Hon. W. D. Mabflon and Prof. Kinchon, It was exclusively a colored co lob ration. Tho county politicians wero around. Tho participants ignored politics and enjoyed tho occasion in their own way. In Hell County. BEX.TON, Tex., Juno 19.--For several years past thu colored people of this town and tho adjacent country havo boon unablo to agree and unito in tho ctlobrathm of their anniversary of freedom. On mora than one occasion they hnvo had two so prim to crowds celebrating* Th)H year has not provod an exception. Ono crowd hns a picnic nt tho fnir grounds, while another has a barbecue on tho Tyler fanfc, a [ow milo9 from town. \VhetliiÂ»r from their intornal dissensions or other causes in not known, but Ihc-y do not suom to bo onturiiig into tlieir celebrations with a^ mtich zost nnd onthusiiism this year as y, Iho crowds at either placo not being ns Itirgo ns usual. ]H'aidos these above mentioned, thoy aro to hnvo ono nt Tomplo and another at Cedar Crook, about twelve miles northeast of BoUon. BRENHAM, TCI., Juno 19.--Emancipation day was colobrstod by tho negroes to-dny and tho celebration will continue through to-morrow. There was a procession this morning headed by a brass band, the main feature of the procession being a decorated Uoat in which was ho goddess of liberty, hor maids nnd escort.. 4fter inarching through the principal streets they went to the old fair grounds, whcro the goddeas of liberty, Mian Delia Lewis, was crowned und mtido h speech. Tho rest of the day wasspont in speech mnk- ng. games for children, a game of baseball lotwoon tho Lonu Star moo and tho Strikers and othor amusements, concluding with a dance to-night. At UompBtond. HBMPSTEAT, Tex., Juno 19.--To-day the colored population of this rcgioa celebrated Qouoral Gordon Granger's emancipation irodnmation, ianuorl sovontoen days after tho In it! surrender of tho southern confederacy, ivhich took plnco off Qulvoston bar, June- -, 805, Thc-y had a fflorious time, as tho water- nelon crop 1ms just come into tho market, -ut tho supply on imnd wna exhausted about o'clock tins evening, which aomowhat cooled he ardor of tlio colcbranta until a reinforcement was procured. At llURlC. RUSK, Tcx. t Juno 19.---Tho colored pooplo yf this placo observed Emancipation day by a ig celebration and qulto ft largo crowd cnmo rom Jacksonville nnd othor noiphhoring owns. lion. N. W. Cttnoy was to have do- ivored the address of tho day, but for aomo onson failed to appear on llio sccno. 1'rof. loward of itudk and J. M. Ilolnoy of Mineolu urnishod Iho speakmu for tbo occasion. Sun A n t o n i o Colobrntfii. SAN ANTONIO, Toi., Juno 19.--The colored looplo of this city and surrounding sections ommomornted thoannivoraary uf tlmiroumn- ipation to-day by two separate celebrations old horo. Thoro woro two parados by tho ppnsing factionn d u r i n g tho forotioor., nud :m afternoon win ppcnt in dancing and othor soinontB and to I ho rendering of pro- nmoa of ornfciunri, nÂ»o. A t 1'Hlniilno. FALBHTTNE, Tex., Juno 19.--Tho colored people of this city to-day ffftvo n street parade, headed by tho cndot band, trurorainH 1 tho principal streets, and wound np tho day al ft park lu Uroeu'ti Hold by a basket pionio tu*d ball and concert tt Library hall to-night. Thoy made a creditable diuptay, iiud tho llouU iu thy pruottwiion were doeorattd with Â»rtr- firooos, do wort* aud uiottooa, , jit llryHu. BUYAN, Ter M Juno IU.-- Emonoiuatiou day for tha colored population is beiuv thoroughly obsurrod in Brynn. The itreeht a?o as woll crowded us in usnnl on Suturduyu, aud a Kuctlly crowd wont from hgre to Kuvtuotu to ijpoud tho Uuy. -1_. _,,_ LJ _ At \ifilorfii. VICTORIA, Tos., Juno 19.-- The colored people aro oolebratmg Emauolpatton day iu a grovo near thu city. (A large number from neighboring towns a rain attondauco. WINDS IN THE WEST. A Storm of Unusual Fury at Corpus Chrlstl-- Much Damage. Coitrcs CuniSTi, Toi., Juno 19.-- Ai waa stated Saturday tho etoraa of Friday afternoon was ouo of unusual fury, but not until Sunday waa ,the extoutof the damage known. Trees wore uprooted, fences blown down, up- ground cisterns blown oil' their foundations, one house lifted from ita base aud numerous chimneys blown in. A Mexican's house cm the hill was struck by lightning, but uo ouo was injured. Tho wind spent moat of its fury on the bay, which was a eoeuoof unusual commotion. Captain Choss Heath was out with hio Villa Vaughn, having on board Captain Jiin Grant to assist him and the whole of tho King's coinody company, who are summering hero. When Captain Uoath saw tho atorin apyruaohmg ho hove to at onco, furled sails and let down tho anchor in a jitfy. The paa- | ecngers were put in thu cabin, which was tightly closed, and thero thoy waited with palo faces for tho storm to burst. When it did come it neemed lhat nothing could Havo them. Tho boat rocked until it seomod she would ba engulfed. But flu ally theetonn cleared away and tha nun came out. THE BOSBTOS TBAOEDT. The Body of tho Murdered Boy Wot .Tot Found--A fcihookinc Affair. GAINESVILLE, Tex.. Juno 19.--A gentleman in to-day from Rosuton uays the body of Tod Potter, who was drowned two weeks ago, has not been found. Ho also saya that tho boys instead of burying It, as wad Qrist reported, dragged it out in tho woods and hid it in a placo known only to themselves. Ho says a search is still being made for it. Sheriff Wuro loft to-day for RosJtoa to begin an investigation. He will interview the boys who told tho horrible story. Southern "Weekly Progress. Although the strained financial condition of tho country continues there is no aba tern out in tho confidence of investors in tho ultimate result in tho southern states. Now enterprises aro announced overy day, together with enlargements of old plants, and all branches of industry aro woll represented. In toitilo manufacturing the past woolt was as usual very active--tbreo now cotton mill companies having boon formed, two in North Carolina and one in Virginia, while plans for several more aro woll undor way. The Baltimore Manufacturers' Record of Juno 1G presents a complete list of the now concerns, tho following being the moro important: A cotton mill at Now Stirling, N, C., by \ount Bros, company. Tho Portsmouth (Va.) cotton manufacturing company to erect a mill; capital stock $200,000. F. Dilllng's company to erect mill at King's Mountain, N. C. The National railroad and equipment company of Atlanta, OR., to manufacture; capital stock, authorized, $5,003,000. Tho Big Creek lumber company of Now Orleans, La., with a capital slock of $..50.000. Tlio Muurepns'luud itnd lumber company of Now Orleans, La., with a capital stock of $50,000. TJau Tormiufal uaroliuut-i. company uf BulLi- tnoro, A_d., with a capital stock of $160,000. Tbo Roth woll coal company of Winona, W. Va., to open mines. Tho W. F. Baker carpet company of Boa- nokc, Va. A $100,000 gold mining plant to bo inetalled In Orango county, \V. Va. Tho Lnnda cotton oil company of New Braunfels, Tex., with acapital stock of Â£50,000. The Allcott Maynor company of Dallas, Tex., with a capita! stock of $50,000. Tho Bridgeport (Texas) town company.with a capital stock of $100,000. The Inventive Ago company of Washington, D. C., for publishing purposes; capital stock, $50,000. The Jackson-Jones company of Washington, D. C., to manufacture builders* materials: capital etock, $..0,000. The Putuxont cedar point company of Baltimore, Md.. with n cnpitnl atock of $15.0^0. The Farmers and Merchants* supply company of Now Orleans, La., with a capital stock of $10,000. Tho Peninsular nnd Oriental express company of Florida, with a capital stock of $50,00!). Tho Wood cigaretto machine company of Richmond, Va., with a capital stock of 325.000. Big improvement., nt the Wheeling (W. Va.) steel works, lower Bon wood plant. Condition of tha Farmers, Momphis Commercial. Ono of our wide awake exchanges has the following to say respecting the agricultural situation in tho south: "One of tho greatest drawbacks to successful farming in tho south is the old style of doing busmeas on tho credit system. Tho practice still prevails to a very Inrga eilontof buying on credit aud settling up once a year. As long as this system prevails farming will bo unprofitable. In the first place, when tho planter buys on credit, he is apt to buy more largely and uso loss economy than whon ho puts his hand into his pocket and payacath tor what ho gets; and in the next placo ho pays from 25 to 50 per cent higher prices than when ho pays cash. As long as this system is pur. suod tho planter is buund to be in bondage. His growing crop is mortgaged, and whan it is harvested he must immediately put it OBI tho market, be the market what It may. "Thus there an* throo causes which oporate directly find powerfully against his prosperity. It would be far bolter for the planter to go to tho bcnk and borrow tho money, making his nouds as li^ht ns possible, rather than pay tho oxtra prices chnrgod by the storekeeper for a few months' accommodation. The credit system is at tho bottom of most of Iho ills from which southern agriculturists have suffered for lo, thcBO many years." Tliose remarks are just and sensible, but ara only partially explanatory of tbo truo condition of ntfaira. Tho trouble with tho southern fanner lius in the fact that ho disregards Iho ;ruo system of his own avocalion and regards ;iiraself as n merchant instead of a farmer. Thu Iruu (tyniom of farming consists in producing nil thu noooosnrios of lifo, all the asson- ,ints of conducting n farm, all tho provisions, r r'-d and supplies, mid selling tho aurp!u;i. This syatorn practically made the wealth of ho ante-bellum south. The modern farmer lives tho greater pnrt of hia timo and aoroa o mnrketnl.lo products mid trios to utilize his lurphiH iru.raly in tho running of his farm. rhia ia tho wholo ov;l ina nutshell. A Veteran Camp Or^anlzod. BsnRSON, Tex., Juno 10.--Waiter Hays, who cut Will Ooorgo, was captured to-day, tlo was found lying by the sido of tho road la a stupor from thu ollecls of alcoholic drinkn. i l u *.vaa brought hero and plnood iti jail. "W,u Goorgo, tho bey that was cut, is still iu a vory Borions cnmlitfem and tho ohnnccs aro against lim rt 1 covoruifi. at.iii'iifty dVoning tho CorifwuiTniu tcUii-hnri of HUH county ofYcctod permanent oigAnixn- tion by electing Captain J. M. Mays com- imndor nnd *,-. C. Doyle adj'itunt. The nama if the camp; is Rrr. lUUwmo. Sixty a*met wore on roiloa as mÂ«ubÂ«Â» o. thÂ« otnip.
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