The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 3, 1949 · Page 22
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 22

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, October 3, 1949
Page 22
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V i .t PAGE SBC' BLYTHEVILLE'(ARK.) COURIER NEWS Long Ontan? • Phoni 355 Local Phone 5-2464 The RIECHMAN- CROSBYCo. > S«lling Agent for Henry Dission & Sons, Inc. ; MACHINERY MILL AND. ELECTRGAL SUPPLIES 223-229 South Front Street ' , P. 0. Box 173 Memphis 1, Tenn. MALLORY'S QUALITY SEED WINTER LEGUMES -~: -^ 'iiv _ HA1 RY VETCH AUSTRIAN"'WINTER PEAS WILD WINTER I'EAS SOU. GIANT BURR CLOVER, CRIMSON LADING, WHITE DUTCH, ALSIKE, RED CERTIFIED DIXIE CRIMSON (RESEEDING) SMALL GRAINS Ferguson 922 Oats Victorgrain Oals Jackson Smoolhawn Barley' Batbo Ry« Clsrkann Wheat Hardtred Wheat Chancellor" Wheat (Foundation Slock) GRASSES FOR FALL PLANTING Kentucky 31 Fescue Rye Grass Kentucky Blue Orchard Red. Top . Timothy TURNIP MUSTARD RAPE SPINACH Inoculate AH'Your Legumes With LEGUME-AID INOCULATION W. B. Mallory & Sons Co. So. M»In gt. Memphis 1, Tenn. Phone 5-1661 State University's College of Agriculture Arid Experiment Stations Perform Variety Of Services to Assist Farmers of Arkansas ' Kj M»rt« U L»v»llard . Assistant AcricBlttin! Editor, University of Arkansai, College of AlHculliire. The university of Arkansas college O f Agriculture was jet up to serve all the rural people In *n parts of the itate. For a slat* with as wide a variety of soil, climate, and agriculture as Arkansas has, that's » tall order. And yet nearly every farm family In the [S tate has been affected, directly or Indirectly, bv (he work of at least one of the three branches of the College. The College at Fayettcvlllc is the * ' '•' . ( MONDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1949 fountalnhead of the agricultural work. Its classrooms and laboratories turn out the future farmers and homemakcrs, extension agents and vocational teachers, scientists and commercial employees. The Agricultural Extension Service Lj known by most of the people in rural areas through first-hand contact with county agricultural and home demonstration agents. The Agricultural Kxeprlment Station, which 'tackles the problems encountered In farming and tries to solve them, works for the rural people just as do the other two branches. A good way of solving problems facing farm people is to study the problems right out where they occur. By combining this with the basic knowledge gained in permanent, well - equipped laboratories, Ihe researcher can hMt work out the answers. The University of Arkansas, and the people of Arkansas, have recognized that for nulte a while. In 1926 the General .Assembly provided for a system of permanent branch experiment stations, in addition to the main station at Fay- eltevilte, to be- established ii) special production areas. Four such stations have been established. Research Work Eipandcit In 104g the College went a step further. Five smaller field laboratories — call "substations" — were opened. Here research Is being carried on to meet the needs of a Particular group of farmers, such as alfalfa growers in eastern Arkansas. These are not permanent stations as the.branch stations are.- The land on which the work is done Is made available by local people In the different areas, to be used as long as th& need for the work continues. When the research' has been completed, the land will revert b;ick to the local people, aiKl ; the scientists will move on to tackle: other problems elsewhere. Let's see how this program Is working 'Mit. The main experiment station is located near Fnyettevllle. In addition to the laboratories and other Acuities on the University campus, 855 acres of land are being used for'research with field crops, fruit anrl (ruck crops, and livwtock. There are registered Holsteln and Jersey dairy cows, herds of registered Aberdeen Angus and Hereford beef cattle, swine, sheep, and poultry flocks. Four Branch Stations The four permanent branch stations include the 230-acre Cotton Branch Station in Lee County near Mariano* fwith Its 175-acre substation on different soil types near Clarksdale in Crittcndcn County); the Rice Branch Station of 4fiO acres in Arkansas County near Stuttgart; the .Fruit and Truck Branch Station of 205 acres near Hope In Hempstead County; and the 3.042-Hcre Livestock and Forestry Branch Station In Independence County ' hear Batesvllle. Research work at these stations cover's all You'll feel the EXTRA POWER •'o«;i MIS** ON FUEL et>»iM»«jiW«>' : -K»<J ue "'?* "e .peed, 'often W. you u« £• whenyou'd "P« " E< alniction wi shmCf, h«; n«d iVy-duty con- ith drop-forged want id,-eam-trpuno er-iacketcd; full FERGUSON 1TRACTOR yj^ How can a tractor so compact, «o -f easily handled, put forth so much ; power for the heavy jobs? Two reasons! M- v/i •» FIRST—is the Ferguson System of Linkage SV-V;";-'- , • H > dra ul'c Control. It takes advantage fc..-.' -• • • of natural forces in linking implement to tractor making them ono single "self-propelled" unit, and automatically increasing traction for the harder pulling. At the same time, the work of raising, lowering ' carrying.and controlling depth of the implement i. done for you, hydraulically. ..SECOND—This power, »o fully utilized, ii supplied by th« farm-type overhead valve engine of Ferguson and Conti- ncntal Motors design. Engineered and built for low operating cost, mth longer hours of running on the many different kinds of work you'll find the New Fcrguion can do Together tin. 'combination give, you a farm rnachin* with more than enough power, yet easily controlled, fl«ibl« lor the wide range 'of farm rcquirementi. \Vhethcr you judge tractor p«formanc« by how ttsr it makes your work, the tima s a <-erf, or by how much it low«i your cost of product fan, ask us to arrange your demon- stratum, .You'll find the New Ferguson is the modern farm machine for "t»Vc it"!. Contact us for the name of nearest dealer SOUTHLAND TRACTORS, Inc. Memphis, Tenn. Howard Suliins, President 1200 Morelond >r the a'rens In which they are located, although chief emphasis, as their names Imply, Is •on cotton, rice, fruit and truck crops, and livestock and forestry. The five new' - substations are likewise scattered around the state. The Alfalfa Substation is located on 10 acre. 1 : of land near Oseeola In Mississippi dounty. Two substations arc devoted to research on Beaches — the Arkansas Valley Peach Substation near Clarksvllle In Johnson County, and the Nashville Poach Substation near Nashville In Howard County. Both con- nln 40 acres of land. Near Bald Knob in White" County is the 20- ncre Strawberry .Substation, while the Arkansas Valley Vegetable Substation, containing 15 acres, Is lofted near.Van Buron in Crawford 131 . Kcsearch Projects Launched Those are the statistics — what ibout the research work which Is jolng on? There are at present 101 active research projects, or lines of work, at the *<aln station and the various branches and substations These fall,int: 10 subject matter fields—agricultural chemistry, agricultural engineering. agronomy, animal industry, bacteriology and veterinary science, entomology, home economics,- horticulture and forestry, plant •pathology', : irid rural Tconomic.s and sociology. The projects are in various stngcs f completion but it Is safe to guess that out of. them will result '. number of changes In the state's igriculture,. and ,way of farming. That is what has happened In the past. Take; cotton farming, for example, '' " v ':'\' .... : Tw» Balei For One ; Arkansas, farmers are now'pro- ducing' as :much' cotton oh l,6tl).000 acres as they grew' on 3 000 COO acres JnvT92«. - in Mother words they' getting twice as much cotton from each acre, or growing two bales .where one grew before The Experiment Station has played a large role In bringing this about. Most of the cotton planted In Arkansas Is of varieties developed or selected by the station because they were adapted to the state's conditions. Recently the University released a new variety, Ar- kot 2-1, which has proved the earliest of the leading varieties in each of the varietal tests conducted in eastern Arkansas. The station hm also been a leader In the work on fusarlum wilt of cotton. Its staff members have developed ways or controlling many other cotton diseases and insects, and have worked fertilizer"recommendations and desirable crop .rotations. At the same time, research men have tested varieties of other crops at the various stations so that farmers can now find outwhlch-varieties of other crops at the various' sta- ; tions so that farmers 'can now find out which varieties of hybrid corn, small grains, and ; other crops will do best in thelr.'local.ltfes.. Results of these tests are made known through reports which can be obtained from the college or :• from extension agent*. ' .'•New varieties of many crops'have been developed. Specialists at work on oat varieties which will resist the new Hciminthosporium blight disease and other dieasc, and on varieties of wheat and barley suitable for use in Arkansas. New research on developing sorghums allowed to grow up to weeds, brush and trees, in 1S38 the land 'was cleared of brush, large stones were removed, and five-acre plots were laid out. The different plots received different treatments to see how such worn-out land could be turned Into paying pastures. All of the practices are ones farmers can easily follow on their own land. The results of elsht years of this work have just been published ''bv the College. Other research has been done oh livestock fecaine'.pmcllces ind disease control. Poultry 'specialist's are studying various breeds of chickens and also different feeds to develop' economical rations for poultrymen to use. . Arknnsas Is a .large producer of track crops, .especially canning crops and fruits. Spraying and fertilization practices are constantly under study in the experlmcnltaj apple and peach orchards a s well as out in commercial orchards A study on ways or controlling the plum ciiroiilio. the most destructive Insect attacking peaches in Arkansas, has : been started. Diseases affecting peach trees arc also under attack. Latest discovery in connection with Jhls work is that chlorox, the household bleach containing sodium hypochlorlte, shows promise «E in effective control of brown rot of peaches »n<j other plant diseases which »re caused by spore-producing organisms. More Nourlshmr-t from Food The well-being of the people h« not been forgotten. Research irnich the College his done on the nutritional value of rice, juid on way§ of processing rice so that theu values will be retained, U known throughout the world. Other studies hasv shown that tli« proteins in rice are more nutritious than tho'se In wheat, and that the addition of small quantities of brewers' or food yeasts to cerals will result In big' Increases in growth. A new study on the possibility of using .vitamin BI2 to enrich plant proteins and make them as nutritious as meat proteins has just been mad« possible by a special grant from the Research Corporation ol New . York City. • .' ;: . ; - .•;' ' Other research has been done on loft'-eost farm housing, • on farm' planning, on taxation and district financing, on land tenure relationships, and on school and.medical services. • There are many more problems to be studied and much more work to be done. The staff at the College has been increased during the past year. The expanded program of research includes work on' cotton mechanization, on cotton and egg marketing, and on the use of supplemental assure larger yields ol Arknnsas-groH'n crops. As answers arc worked, out to more ot the farmer's problems, the whole state will gain through increased farm incomes and through better living for all its citizens. Strike Time Is Mouse N'est Time BROADUS, Mont. (AP>—Because of a bus strike, Redcap Sam Wallace was away from work a long time. So long that when he . finally came back, he found a mouse had set up housekeeping in one of hii work shoes. , • CAFFEY ROBERTSON COTTON MERCHANTS 5-1506 Phones 8-1368 Cotton Exchange Bldg. Memphis, Tenn. U Read Courier News Want Ads and soybeans Is just getting underway. The Chinjre to Livestock Farmers in the upland areas o! the state, who are finding It more profitable to raise livestock, dairy cows, and specialty crops' than to continue 'growing cotton, are being helped to make the change. At the IJvestoclc and Forestry Station near Batesvilie, agronomists and animal husbandmen are working together on pasture Improvement problems. When the 3,OM- acre station -was established in 1937, It consisted of a number of abandoned . farms which -had been SUN-TO? COTTON — Soft lustrous cotton sateen In a skyline print lends a city air to a sunback dress and stole, osct Walker concentrates skirt fulness with big impressed pleaU at the front, accentos the waistline with & sash tl«, • A SALUTE TO THE GREATEST COTTON PRONGING COUNTY IN THfe WORLD BLYTHEVILLE FERTILIZER CORPORATION The 10th Anniversary of Ihe National Cot- Ion Picking Contest is a time for us all to lake note of the tremendous significance of cotton (o our community. We certainly hop* that (he next ten years may prove'as. pros/ porous as the lasi. And looking to the future is the core of our business—rebuilding the land through the use of scientifically tested chemical fertilizer, land depleted by col ton. To improve your cotton yield, we invite you lo consult with us on the uses of chemical fertilizers. BLYTHEVILLE FERTILIZER CORPORATION South Highway 61

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