The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 21, 1949 · Page 6
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June 21, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, June 21, 1949
Page 6
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r A«E nx - BLTTHEV1LLE (ARK.) COUSIEB NEWS TUESDAY, JUNE », 1949 "* THE BLYTHEVILLB COURIER NEWS TH» OOURJJX nrw« oa H. W HAINC8, PubUdMT JAW U VBRHOOT. EdJtflf P. HUMAN, AdTtrtUiBt Witmei Oa. Nev Tort. ChJcmjo, OttnK. Atlanta, Ueoaptite. Published Ewr Afternoon Except 8und»r entered *» second clui matter it the poet- efflce »t Blrtberille, Arkanie*, under «et ef Coo- gr«e». October «, HIT __ ^___ " Member of Tn» * undated Pwe» SUBSCRIPTION RATES: BT cerrtet in the city 01 BljrtflevUl* or «a» •uburban town where carrier service u jujn- tained. 2Qc per week, 01 85c p*i month. Bj malt, withAr a radius of 50 mlka MOO pa year, 1200 lot «li months. 11.00 (or three months; bj mill outride W mil* tone. 110.00 per J«aj payable In advance. Meditations 1« h* lh« find of Ihe Jew§ Ml;? h he not aim «f the Gentiles? VM, o< the Gtntltes alio. —KMUIII 3:M. • w • Amid to much war »nd contest and variety o! opinion, you will (hid one consenting conviction in every land, that there It one God, the King and Father of all.—Maximum Tyrlus. Barbs Some early birds gel Ihe worm— others their own breakfast. • • • An Illinois man went on m diet «f i»rl!c to keep away /mm flu. Thai vnmrt* Jikt 1<MJ per rent Isolation. # • * A theater critic complains ol the scarcity of good actors. Hasn't he seen any wrestling inaLcliea lately? * • * There are more people ready lo turn down than there arc people to think them up. Look glrU! A store in a Georgia town, advertise* "Pure Men'a Hankerchlefs." Ban on Red Teachers Won't Curb Educational Freedom Gen. Dwight. D. Eisenhower, president of Columbia University, Dr. James B. Conant, president of Harvard, and 18 other educators want Communist Party members barred from teaching jobs. This is the first time educators of such high standing have lent their prestige to this oft-heard recommendation. We think their advice is sound. Furthermore, they have knifed lo the heart of the problem so cleanly that their recent report should go-far toward dispelling- much popular confusion on the issue. Curbing educational freedoms in any way is risky in a democracy. People have been understandably puzzled about how to meet the menace of communism as it affects our schools. Universities here and there have discharged teachers for being Communists, or advocating communism in classes, or sometimes just for marked leftward leanings. In many quarters these moves have been hailed as the wise steps of a free society bent on protecting itself. In others they are taken as a sign the nation is yielding its academic freedoms to Communist goblins. The 20-member commission, including Eisenhower and Conant, sees the matter this way: It thinks a teaching ban should be limited to actual Communist Party members, because in its view such membership "involves adherence to doctrines and discipline completely inconsistent with the principles of freedom on which American education depends." In other words, a parly member is not free to think for himself, to search for the thruth and teach it as any good teacher must. The party thinks for him and tells him what to do. He cannot re. main a member if he fails to follow the ' "line." By surrendering his right to think . freely and becoming part of a move. ; ment "characterized by conspiracy and calculated deceit," the party member, in the commission's view, totally disqualifies himself as a teacher. The educators declare further that Communist doctrines should nol be promoted in American schools. But having urged these two vital limitations, they wisely turn to the other side of the coin and say what positive place communism may occupy safely in the educational system. The commission thinks comimmisn , or any other political system, derm era.,', tic or totalitarian, should be fully studied by Americans. Learning cannot be confined to knowledge of particular ways of doing or thinking that are currently j n favor in our country. True learning embraces the old and the new, the familiar and th« strange, the radical and tin reac- tionArjr, tht good and tht bad. Our young men and women must h»v« the chance to know about life every, where in alt times, and to form free, independent judgments about how they want to live it. In this way of learning lies the real strength of • free society. Wide Open House The House has decided that the "place to begin saving is in the Senate. The House Appropriations Committee refused to approve $10,000,000 for work on a new Senate office building. H did say, however, that senators might make life in the old building a bil more comfortable by gelling some new swivel chairs and ice boxes. Unfortunately, thecommitlce left Ihe House wide open for Senale retaliation. It okayed money for new rugs in House members' offices. A revengeful Senate might yank the carpet out from, under them. -> VIEWS OF OTHERS Politics and Defense Basic questions of national defense are Involved in two Injuries set In motion by the House Armed Services Committee. Together these investigations should clear the air of political rumors and ol conflicting claims by rival services. The first and more spectacular will go into stories that hook up campaign contributions from officials of the company which makes the B-'M bomber with the appointment ol a former director of that company as secretary of delense and with the expansion of the B-M program. The second will endeavor by actual tests to settle air force-navy arguments about the performance ol the big bombers. It would be not only fair but wise to suspend judgment, in both cases. President Truman Knew about Louis A. Johnson's connection with Con- solidated-Vultee when he was appointed. Indeed, it WM public knowledge, and Mr. Johnson at one* resigned as a director. The decision to shift to B-M's was probably more primarily within the air force and before Mr. Johnson came Into office. The decision to abandon the navy's supercarrier —»n alternative weapon—was recommended by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. . Presidents ol both parties have often rewarded campaign supporters with cabinet positions. That practice i« accepted M long « the appointee la competent. But use of a cabinet post to promote private business—particularly where national de- lense is involved—would be so outrageous that we cannot bellere it would be openly attempted today. Even In Teapot Dome- days such » den! had to be secret. We (nut Mr. Johnson will not be hounded as Secretary Forrestal was, but in the situation that has developed his own protection requires an inquiry. A lest of the capabilities of the B-36 Is long overdue. For American defense plans have been shaped—or distorted—to make this weapon the key to national'defense. This is due partly to overemphasis on the atomic bomb. :t is due partly to the political attraction of a concept of quick and almost painless victory through one type ot »ir power—the long-range bomber. But it is due also to the spectacular claims made regarding the performance of the B-36. It haj; been presented as the battleship ol tiie sky, able lo go anywhere in the air ocean and withstand any attacker. It is supposed to fly higncr than antiaircraft lire can reach and in air too rare for fighter planes to maneuver. The picture of Ihe one "perfect weapon" Is contrary not only to all history of warfare but to previous experience in the development of air power. Every one of the claims for the B-36 Is vigorously denied. In particular, Ihe navy says that new jet lighters can not only get up to the big bombers but shoot them down like sitting ducks. Jt has also been reported that this plane has serious mechanical difficulties am! that the air force has spent scores ol millions altering ships already In hand. Only actual tests will determine the lacts about this plane that has been made the key to American strategy. Surely before national defense— and even diplomacy—is further shaped by tins unproved weapon the facts should be dug out. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR SO THEY SAY The salvation of this world and this civilization U (or education to teach us that all that does not build the spiritual is complete loss, and thai unless we can bring to life something of the spiritual, we are failures.—Arthur Judson, executive secretary of the Philharmonic Symphony Society of New York. The Soviet Union has conducted a ruthless campaign to dominate the nations ol western Europe as well as those of eastern Europe. This campaign failed. This Is due in part to our Marshall Plan Time can only tell what will be the outcome In China and the Par East.. .Sen. Haricy, Kilgore (D) ol West Virginia. • * • We may be giving so much lime to stuffing students with the end-product of someone else's thinking that we are tending Increasingly to scamp the Job of teaching ,]tudenls to Clink (or themselves.—Charles DfiLard, president, Carnrtjte Corporation of New V .rk. This Is the first time I have bnen in one of Ihe people's democracies, and I am delighted to Lc here x,.-. Tree soil.—Communist l<*der Gcrhart Kisler on his arrival In Prague. A real depression will be avoided, if it is avoided M all, by the liberate liberals opposing Truman's spending program.—Alfred Landon, 1936 Repuo~ I lie an presidential Candidate. Incorrigible American Newsmen Encounter Many Difficulties in Paris PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Government /s Looking for a Policy As Nation's Oil Reserves Dwindle WASH1NTON (NBA) — Should the United States government develop a national and international petroleum policy? Or should matters be left largely to the law of supply a»d tiemtmd and the dog- eat-dog philosophy of free enterprise and unrestricted competition? Last July Secretary of Interior J. A. Krug asked the National Petroleum Council for Its suggestions on what federal oil policy should be. Last January it filed Us report. It was a 23-page document with an. Introduction, a statement of principles ami a statement of elements covering domestic oil, natural gas, foreign oil. imports and .-inational security. Being a' and trade axso- Icattnn advisory ^. ;>up, N. P. C. naturally look the view that national oil policy should be based on maintaining a healthy petroleum tndu-s- try. In brier 1^ emphasized th:it conservation should be left to the .state governments, and that both federal and state government should keep their hands off the oil industry functions of discovering, producing, transporting, refining and distributing its products. That Isn't quite right either. The industry spokesmen did not eon- cede that government should pass tnx laws favorable to their peculiar problems of depletion of resources and the need for risk capital formation to finance new discoveries. On foreign oil production, the U. S. Industry thought, it should have equal rights with nations of all other countries, but that oil imports should be limited lo whatever could not be supplied from domestic production. Km.? Makes Only Official Comment Only official comment on these proposals thus far Is a speech which Secretary Krug made recently at Pittsburgh before the American Petroleum institute. He endorsed the principles of free market price determination, the desirability of tax laws to fit the industry, the maintenance of conditions favorable to risk capita! formation, and the par- to develop a synthetic rubber in dustry before the last war. For synthetic fuel developmen from shale and coal, the exlstin pilot plants and three commercla scale plants are planned, capable o .10.000 barrels a day output. Wit Deparfment of Interior co-opera tion. Army Corps of Engineers h; just let a contract for & 37-stat survey of areas suitable for syn thetic fuel production. Principal federal legislation no affecting the oil industry includi tidpatiou of U. S. nationals in for- tne Conna]Iy ..„<„, „„., bi) , and au .opment. But he dif- thorizatlon for a petrolei eign oil devet< fered specifically with industry proposals that development of tldclond and other submerged land oil re- | sources be left to the states, and that development of synthetic fuels be left entirely to private industry. The need for a national oil policy arises principally from the tact that in the last war, 60 per cent of the supplies shipped overseas were oil products. Half the Navy's fuel oil lind to be procured overseas and the Elk Hills naval oil reserve had to be tapped. Aviation gasoline consumption was half a million barrels a day. A million barrels of crude had to be procured from Caribbean and Middle East fields. There was enough for the fronts, but not at home. Synthetic Fuels Program Urged This is one reason why Krug and National Defense officials are pushing federal research and development or a synthetic fuels industry. Thry remember what happened because of private industry's failure um Indus try voluntary' allocation plan. Th former prohibits the movement i interstate commerce of oil prodm ed above state conservation law re strictions. The organization to car ry out voluntary allocations was se up last August, but it has neve had to function. About a million wells have bee drilled in the United States sim 1875. Nearly 440,000 of these wr-1 are now producing. This Is 92 pc cent of all the wells in the world. The United States has thus fa produced and consumed two-thin of the world's oil. It now has on one-third of the world's reserve Assuming continued peace, the will be enough for perhaps a gf-n eratton. if the U. S. Is denied a cess to foreign oil, the shortage may come sooner. These ?.re just a few of the sobering facts that seem to dictate demand for more consideration of national petroleum policies. Th« DOCTOR SAYS B.T Edwin P. Jerdaa, M. D. Written lor NEA Serriee Infectious hepatitis, or epidemic aundlce as It Is sometimes called. probably an old disease, but It •»as certainly received a great deal more attention In recent years. A serious problem with Infectious Tepatitls came during World War ". The disease seemed to spring p (principally among military nen) In many parts of the world, n some places it almost reached pldemlc proportions. The disease 1s almost certainly a used by an Infection, most prob- bly. a virus. Presumably this ac- ounttd for the fact that Its true ature remained so long unrecog- Ized. It seems to involve the liver rtncipally, and the symptoms can e traced chiefly to that organ. Fever Common About half the patrons stricken •1th the epidemic form of the dis- ase develop a fever which geuer- lly reaches about 103 degrees. The yplcal yellow color of the skin and yeballs of Jaundice Is frequently lot nollced until after the patient las been sick for several days. Ac- ually the yellow color or Jaundice 'aries a good deal from person to person. Convalesecence from a typic case of the disease often takes _ ong time. It U generally considered o run about two months but may be much longer. In some the acute form seems to be followed by chronic variety from which recovery Is quite slow. The treatment for the epidemic I'ariety which seemed to work best during the war included strict bed rest early In the course of the disease. This bed rest was convalescence because getting up too early often seemed to bring back some of the symptoms. Another method of treatment which seemed to be helpful was the use of a diet containing a high proportion of protein foods, such as milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. Much further research work is needed before all of the necessary facts which will lead to its pre- venlion and better treatment can be accumulated. Note: Dr. Jordan Is unable to answer Individual questions from readers. However, each day he wi'l answer one of the most frequently asked questions in his column. • • • Question: I had rabbit fever two years ago and would like to know if I can get immune. it again or if : am Answer: According to at least one authoritative text book, immunity to rabbit fever, or tularemia, is permanent. 15 Years Ago In BfythevtHe The Tuesday Contract Club held it's final meeting of the year yesterday with Mrs. Floyd White when she had as a guest. Mrs. May Aldridge a. former member. Mrs. W. D. Chamblin won the prize, hosiery Mr. and Mrs. R. p. Paddison and daughter Ruth are leaving tomorrow for Mount Airy. N.C. for a visit with Mr. Paddison's mother. S»tt Harris left yesterday after- By DeWIU MacKeniie AP Fweig* Affain Analyrf Some of the American correspon-l dents who have been covering thtl Big Pour Foreign Ministers' Con-l 'erence In Paris have voiced dU»l satisfaction over the U. S. State! Department's arrangements for sup-1 jlying the American version of de-l •elopments. Most of the Information available! regarding Western plans Is said! 0 have come from British and| French sources. The Russians,, course, don't talk. As one who has spent most the past generation reporting in-l ternatlonal events, your correspon-| dent has a sympathetic ear fo this plaint. It's the old, old story J American diplomatic circles exaltf freedom of the press and subscrib to a fully Informed public. Despite] this some high diplomatic quarter long have pursued the idea that if! Important problems can be worked) out secretly there will be a better] chance of success. On the other hand the British,! and lo some degree the French, alT ways have the latch string out fen news gatherers. London and. Paris take a different view than do many] American officials, recoqni/ing propaganda value of presenting Uu news from their own standpoint. So on the whole the life of a re-l porter abroad is no bed of roses! He has to dig hard for such orq as he unearths, and then has make a careful assay to make surd that he has the real thing and no! fool's gold. That presents real difj ficultles. especially when he Is dean ing with such a complicated s.itua-1 tlon as the Paris conference pre-j sente. British Usually Talkative On the whole British diplomats] soth at home and abroad, are aboua the most liberal about giving ou« news, as I have found In manjf parts of the globe. For example! during a trip to India In 1942-43| 1 made an exhaustive study of \ political situation which then red hot, with the Indians pressini for independence. When I left foq home I had SO.OOO words of notes- some of them red hot. Under the war-time security reg-l ulations I had to submit all the* notes to the British censor. I gofl them all back but the censor asked permission to delete one 60-wora memo regarding a delicate silua} tlon. He also called attention to i memo I had made of a conversa-l tion with an unnamed Individual who actually was the viceroy. "There's no mistaking the sourc of that memo," said the censor, trust you won't forget that it high-explosive." While the British generally ate] most liberal In giving information, they are past masters at sidestep ping when they want to. One of thi cleverest in that line I ever en-l countered was the late Earl of BalJ four, the famous statesman .'who! as foreign secretary Issued the his-) toric declaration that Britain would support the creation of a homeland, for the Jews In Palestine. Balfour was a representative _ the Versailles Peace Conference, anu. I attended one press conference at] which he answered questions fron some 75 correspondents for perhaps! an hour. He was charming, was witty, he spoke "freely " Pencils' Hew like mad as t. great man talked. Leaves Youngster In Distress When the conference was over young American reporter, who wa.. new at the peace parley, came to] me in real distress. The sweat was] streaming down his face and hU hair was rumpled. "Pardon me," he said, "but wouldl the life masters of bridge. Lebhar made a nice defensive play in today's hand while Bud was . -— kibitzing. Declarer ruffed the third you P' case te!I m = if Mr. Balfou IN HOLLYWOOD By Enkine Johnson NEA Staff Corrrspeondent world day. in which she's queen every HOLLYWOOD — (NBA) — Ed Wynn, who has publicly- accused Milton Bcrlc of pilfering his style ot "getting into the acts" while serving as master of ceremonies of H a variety show, is planning no legal curtain went up here on his origl- action. nal version of Elwood P. Dowd in He told me: "There's no basts I "Harvey." He later came out to foi a suit. I originated live Wca. I (he BIHmore footlights and Frank Fay was as Vtnppy as the ollywood first nighters when the but you can't copyright ideas." I asked him If his own TV show, slated to start in Hollywood in the fall, would be similar to Herle's format. Ke said: "I'll do what I've always done.' And that, kiddies, sounds like competition for Milton. The melody lingers on: Rita Hayworth and Aly Khan will be "Immortalized" at Steeplechase Park In New York's Coney Island. Their portraits In luminous paint will soon be dccorat- ,lntr the tunnel of love "to Inspire couples taking romance." the slow boat to Aside to lugriri Bergman: Two Broadway songwriters. Bernard Kalban and Michael Fdward*, just com pitted a ro- mandc ballad titled, "Sfrnm- twli." • . • Jackie Cooper has his next wife picked out and will lead her to the altar after June Home's California divorce. She's and actress, Hilrty Parks, who worked with him in the ill-fated "Miignolia cracked: "Everybody here except has played my part Mrs. Roosevelt—and Alley" Rroirtway. Kny Thompson's contrncl witn the Williams Brothers expires Aug. 7. SJ:e won't ren<-'v. PROLONGED RKHiX Jesse Lasky has revp-cd negotiations for the filming of the air show. "Queen for n Day." I vonder if they'll use that story Jack Bailey !e!ls about one of (Vie gals he rrowned queen. She wa.; employed and happily married. After winning the title, she quit her job. divorced her husband and went home to mama. She hasn't worked • day since and lives In i dream I understand a deal could be made. 1 Bill Goets and John Beck, who uil] bring "Harvey" to the screen, were in the audience. If they don't get Fay for the film version, they're crazy. There will never be a better El wood. Bob Hope is still blushing. He had 5-year-old Mary Jane Saun- rters as a guest on his airshow. Mary Jane, who can't read, mem- nrizcd five pages of script in less than 24 hours.. Came the show and she was letter perfect. Hope reading the script, fluffed. Koh later cracked: "This kid *vill probably wiiHf up as my summer replacement." I.izabeth Scott will keep a date »".th « high school boys July 5. They're coming out from Grosse Pointe. Mich., on a tour Pacific Coast. . . .Things touch I hear that Ihe desert city of 29 Paims Is thinking of changing its name to 21 Palms. . . . Former movie press-agent Ted Bonnet's novel, "The Mudlark." will be out for thr Christmas trade as a nook of the Month selection t t.CIVn COMEBACK. Audience reaction to Harold Lloyd's re-issue of his old comedy of the are so hit. "Movie Crar.v." new generation is terrific and of kids is rinch to re-discover him. He's so hopped up about It. he's planning to go back into independent production. . . . The Tex Rltters have dated Ihe stork for the third time. . . John Payne is reading the scrint of Ren B^ffeaus' "Jnhn- See HOLLYWOOD on Pi|< > McKENNEY ON BRIDGE B.r William E. McKenney America's Card Authority Written for NEA Service Good Defense Play Defeats Contract Some time ago I had a radio program in- New York City called "Everybody Plays Bridge." Bud Greenspan used to work with me in securing sports celebrities for terviews on the program. Bud has been associated with radio for a long time, having worked for six years as a page boy at one station In New York before Joining the sports department of another station In 1944. The Merchant Marine kep t him occupied from 1944 to 1945. At the end of the war he returned to radio .covering tennis, track metis, and the New York Tournament — N SwMk Wot M«rtt. 1 « Doubl. Pun P.!» 2 V P»3« r'.-a 4V Pan Optnini— * Id nH. 2 » 1 V Pra It Rovers hockey games on Sunday afternoons. Bud is • well posted on all sports II would be pretty hard to stick him with any reasonable sports question, but at bridge he claims he is Just a kibitzer. His boss, Ber tram Lebhar, Jr., who ts known tt sporU fans as Bert Lee, it one said anything at that conference." I couldn't help laughing as I toldl him he could go back to his hcad-1 quarters with a mind at peace. Mr.l Balfour hadn't given up a whisper! of information. I That's one way of evading an is-1 sue and it's just as bad, though nol worse, than the scheme of main-f lalning secrecy. Of course every,! correspondent recognizes that therel are times when the authorities have'l See MACKENZIE on Pace 9 .psde and then played a small dia- nond, finessing dummy's ten. A leart was led from dummy and the ack finessed. West led the sin of duimonrts and Lebhar Jumped up with the king, killing the diamond suit in dummy. If he had played ow, declarer could have finessed ;he Jack and taken another heart 'inesse. Then he would have led the queen of diamonds, overtaken t with the ace and finessed r.he club queen. Bud said it was a nice defensive sacrifice, like walking a man and noon for Friars Point, Miss., whereil then getting the next fellow to hit he has purchased a saw mill whicbjf into a double play. he will operale. Radio Actor Answer to Previous Puzzle HORIZONTAL, 5 Conduct 1,7 Depicted 6 Low sand hill 'radio actor 7Tableland 11 Evening parly 8 Mystic 12 Australian syllable ostrich 9 Observe 13 Employ lOEvenin^ 14 Narrow ways 13 Russian river 15 Roof finial 15 Type measure 18 Symbol for UNolion ruthenium 19Droppy 20 v Paid (ab.) 21 Among 24 On the 22 Buries 23 Arid region 24 Fruit (pi.) 25 Concealed 32 Scheme sheltered side 33 An is 26Unaspir»ted important to 27 Brazilian state him 28 Tensile strength (ab.) 29 Pint (ab.) M Eye (Scot.) 31 French article 32 Young salmon 34 Grafted (her.) 37 For fear that 38 Asterisk 39 Correlative of either 45 Italian river 46 Point 48 Female ruff 4ilFoollike part 5n Operatic solo 52 Seesaw 5( Weaving machine 55 Properly VERTICAL 1 Arrogate 2 Fish eggs 3 Symbol tor nick*! 4 Shield bearing 35 Small candles 36 God of love 40 Baby carriage 41 Whirlwind 42 Caterpillar hair 43 Nights before events • 44 Scottish sheepfolds 47 Golf teacher 49 Fondle 51 Type of butterfly 53 Symbol for tellurium