The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 3, 1949 · Page 20
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 20

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Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, October 3, 1949
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Page 20
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\ BLYTHEVTUJB (ABX.)' COUWZ* WdTI '<• Crop Rotation. Soil >•* *• * v • * '•'.'Lawrence County Farmer Praises Extension Service MONDAY, OCTOBER S ; IMf Co-operation with the agricultural extension services of the University of Arkansas pays rich dividends for farmers, according to Thurlow D. Davis, Northeast Arkansas farmer. On his farm in Lawrence County he learned the value of rotation of crop and soil rehabilitation after getting "an early start in 4-H club work in Randolph County in 1915. In an article in a recent Issue* . ••_ of, the Arkansas Banker, Mr. Davis ,. , , final fnrrh pain called for tnort acreage to small grain and Ifiped- eatd: r "Probably I should give some of ray background to better explain why I think as I do. I 'grew up In Randolph County on a farm on Elevenpoint River. My father was a tenant livestock farmer producing abundantly, but many times because, of-low prices, an inadequate farm', income restulted. Slarls With Ture-bred Pies "About 1915 i: joined a 4-H pig club. Under' the supervision of the farm agent, an experienced farmer, I secured a purebred gilt and'rais- ed some hogs which were blue Jibbori winners in the county shou*. At that time and until today, my '' father says those hogs fed out better .than any he has ever seen. 1 feel" sure any r that this was because of the big contrast with our grade hogs. • "This early contact with the Agricultural Extension Service has influenced my entire life and today I «puld not attempt farming without' working very closely with my ! county agent. The same can be said of my father and'those living on my farm. , "In 1932. my wife and I began operations on bur : present farm. This farm Is located in the northeastern corner of Lawrence County and consists of 555 acres with 400 fern, of cropland. It borders the nee land on the west, changing to inore'deslrable land for dry farming on the south and east. We have three children, all boys, and /our tenant families' living »on the farm. j>arns to Conserve Soil "For many years this farm,' us Was generally true, was planted to cotton continuously with little or no. effort toward building the land or maintaining its fertility. "In-1942, under guidance of the University of Arkansas, college of 'Agriculture Extension Service and financial assistance of the AAA, We worked out a farm management Program whereby livestock produc- tion.woul,j be Increased and cotton decreased , "A crop rotation consisting ol mo years corn and soybeans -following winter legumes turned, when possible, two years cotton following winter legumes turned, and one 'or two years small grain and les- pedepa has been followed. This .practice, plus liberal applications of barnyard manure 1 n thin spots, limestone and commercial fertilizers has increased cotton yields from •864 pounds lint per acre In 1942 to 492 pounds lint per acre In 1948. . "yields of other crops have In- .creased even more: Cotton acreage ;has decreased from' 106 acres, In ;J942.to Tfl acres in 1949. Corn acreage has remained about the *ame; however, the per a or yield has approximately doubled ' FertuW Faji 'Dlvldrndi "Each jear'a vetch seed crop Is harieatcd producing almost enough ;seed to plant the : entire cotton sacreage,an^ corn except thai hog- 'ged off late. Iir September of 1347, ,the state Extension Service held a farm management clinic on our farm .where over 20 extension agents, specialist and administrative .personnel spent t»o days studying the farm and planning a manage- eza an ( | even greater fertilizer applications to all crops to produce more economically. We have moved In that direction with over 100 acres to small grain in 1948 and 1949. "In cooperation with our county agent we took s6il samples and scut them to our soils laboratory at the University at the first opportunity and have followed the fertilizer recommendations. We secured Traveler and Of Soto seed oats from the Experiment Station 1947, plant Rowlen 41 cotton seed part of our crop in 1948 and even more in l'949. Last fall we seeded 100 pounds of'the Doark vetch and this year we are planting 200 pounds of Arkot 2-1 cotton seed, a variety of cotton Just released by our Experiment Station. Thus we are trying to follow "the way shown by our Land Grant College.. fclome'Burned in 1915 "We were getting along well toward paying for our farm and get- ling our cropping system established when In February of 1945 our home burned with everything we had In It. This was quite * loss and shock, and but for the help and encouragftnent of some understanding friends we. might have given up farming entirely. "However, since that time, with more favorable farm prices which were stabilized through national farm legislation, thanks to the primary efforts of the American Farm Bureau Federation, we have butlt a modern home, better equipped our farm and dug over two miles of main drainage ditch which has enabled us to plant cotton on [and near the ditch for the first time and to grow winter cover crop. "We purchased a pick-up Bailer which we use to save our own hay and do custom work for, neighbors. Here let me say that such changes require large cash outlay which most farmers cannot meet as current ^oans. .Thus, I think,* banks should provide a type' of=, loan four to five years without'the ^entire balance being due at the end of the year, even though under normal conditions the note can be renewed. ; . . Land• i-H club Project* "Farm cash Income should not be limited . to the production and sale of crops and livestock produced on the farm In a year such as this. The.corn-hog ration rj«o been rathi er fa\orable this year except the" past 60 days and a* m result, .In addition to the 150 hogs which we produced on our farm, -we have purchased .some loo feeder pigs, feeding our own corn and buying corn to finish the hogs out. selling them on the at. Louis market. We find that we are not too far from the SI. Louis market to get enough more for our finished animals to pay 115 to sell there. Our truck always travels loaded both ways to reduce the per unit transportation cost. "In 1943, Mrs. Davis and I* were chosen <is adult leaders far the Fender 4-H Club, 'along with two young ladles who, were teaching in the school. We actually were not rrient^program for the "farm. The active until 1944; however, linci LET US RE-STYLE YOUR FUR COAT INTO A BEAUTIFUL CAPE OR JACKET New, 7950 Style • FREE ESTIMATES AT YOUR HOME • MANY STYLES TO CHOOSE FROM • FREE STORAGE FOR BALANCE OP SEASON • LARGE AND VARIED STOCK OF SKINS FOB REPAIRS OR ADDITIONS. r»*«» of the very .latest style ... a style of your choice. HERE AT MOTES, YOUR FURS CAN BE WITHDRAWN AT THE IJSUAL THREE Fur Cleaning•Furs should be cleaned at least once a year. We clean furs bv !v* ^ st 1scf1 * n «fi° methods used by only the finest turner's thio UB ,iout the country. Results are guaranteed to please you. Repairing and Remodeling pur staff of experts will repair, remodel and rellne your /lira ' 1 ' 16 your Iur coai im ° ° ne «• "™* September & October - NOW 53.00 Ermine, Minks, Beaver and Persians are not Inducted In this «!.. Tell Your Filendi A Complete Serr/ce in Your Neighborhood MOTES FUR SHOP 1437 Mississippi Blvd. Phone 35-3541 Conservation Pay Rich COTTONS FOR HOME BKAUTV—Hope Sklllman, famous fabric designer, uses her own cottons for her upstairs living room. She created a companion color scheme, the draperies In peacock blue and white striped chnmur.iy with matching plain blue chambray for the two love seats. The cotton rug In off-white Is a bright accent. that time our club, with an average membership of 30, has three times been selected county champion club and two years selected as a state honor club. Some of the best years of our lives have been those in which we worked with the boys and glrU In our 4-11 Club. Discusses Subsidies "Finally, let me say a word about the part I think our government should play in farm legislation. Since the earth represents almost the only source from .which wealth is created, including fai-ming, forestry and mining and since one dollar Invested in agriculture Is reported to increase seven times In the processes of our economy, every effort must bo made to keep agriculture healthy! "Endless efforts were made (town through the years by fnnn groups to bring production In line with effective demand, each time to fall until the national control legislation of 1933 and subsequent legislation came Into being. Industry has been subsidized al- 'most since it's beginning through .tariff, and the Job of maintaining our soil Is of national and International concern: therefore, through legislation and national appropriation when necessary, the farmer's Jncdme should be maintained at a level that will enable him to:live as other groups and still maintain the soil fertiHty,- • ••'. Prefers Incentive ' Payments ,1 firmly believe, however, ttiat such moneys appropriated should be based on incentive payments rather than as consumer subsidies,; : I ani 'also" a staimch."supporter of pur'Farm Bureau -Federation because it is aggressively 'planning and executing a program designed to permit abundant agricultural production, but also to guarantee a farm income in line with the income of other groups of our society. As this /s successfully done, our entire economy Is strengthened. I want to commend the bankers ot Arkansas for their active Interest In the farm problems. However, there is a definite need for a better understanding on the part of farmers' of the active interest bankers are showing, in legislntiv problems. I know of no group or organization in a better position to cooperate with th- Arkansas and American Farm Bureavi to render service to the farmers of our state than the Arkansas Bankers Association." More Pais»ng»rt in Siam Miamo**-V*)-f*iifnite trtf- fie on That (Blamett) railway* have increased more than (our tunes alnee before the war. dooda •hlpmenu, howcvc-, hare tone down to Trlum«, mainly because of the ios»*» In rollinf atock during th« war jnn. During th» n*»t 12 montha additional rolling atock ii anticipated from Japan, Weather Stations Check Cows Trouble with Heat ~~ DAVIS, Caiif. CAP)—Cows, -too, have trouble with the heal. University of California scientists are .studying tlie problem. They hare constructed two miniature weather stations to find out how hot It get* in corrals in the Imperial Valley. . The idea Is to find out how'much shade and moisture can help cattle under extreme heat. Cattle In the valley feed normally In the morning during hot weather.' But when the sun begins to get hot they seek shade until driven out to forage by hunger. Prof. P. A. Brooks of the College of Agriculture Experiment Station says the new \veather recording gadgets weigh less than 100 pounde. They .-will record .' air \temperatur*. relative ;,uni|(lity,' air'velocity, soil temperature 'and rate'"of;' 1 evapora-' tion. •'•.-•' . .'• ' Steel Bars and Sheets Angles, Channels and Beams Corrugated Galvanized Roofing Mower and Plow Repairs Electric and Oxy-Acetylene Welding & Cutting Equipment V Belts and Sheaves Roller & Steel Detachable Chain & Sprockets Chain Hoists & Hydraulic Jacks Points All Kinds & Roof Coatings Chain-Wire Rope, Etc. Bolts-Nuts-Washers-Rivets Cotton Seed Forks and Scoops Devilbiss Paint Spray Equipment Pneumatic Tired Farm Trailers HAYS SUPPLY COMPANY 287 South Front St. Phone 37-1563 Memphis, Tenn. KEATHLEY PIES & CAKES We Buy SOYBEANS IN CAR LOTS Pl«u« call us if you'have one or mor« cars to offer STANDARD COMMISSION CO. l» D. 572 Local Phone 37-7301 "•'•". I 414 Cotton Exchange Bldg. Memphis, Tehn. Read Courier News Want Ads Russell Phillips Tractor Co. OFFERS CONGRATULATIONS TO THE NATIONAL COTTON 1 PICKING CONTEST W« offer our hearty support to the event which has publicized Blytheville all over the nation... .Blylheville and the great cotton-producing region of Mississippi County. Better farming methods have done much to keep this . Delta land so productive. And, as an example of better farming methods, we point out the important Improvements thai have be«n made in recent y«*rs in the Ford Tractor and the ipccialized Dearborn Farm Equipment. They mean more efficient, more profitable (arming for you. Russell Phillips Tractor Co South Highway 61 Blytheville

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