The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 3, 1949 · Page 18
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 18

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, October 3, 1949
Page 18
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TWO BLYTHEVILLB (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Production Costs Of Chief Concern To Cotton Growers MiMiwippt Coiinty'farmers «nd others in the rich delta »ieis where cotton is the No. 1 cash crop are giving serious attention to' methods which lead to production of the siapl •t IMS cost, s .' ; . *— -. — Need (or reducing production costs was stressed recently by W M.' Oarrard, Jr., of [ndlsnola, MLss. president of the. Delta Council in addresslhf a luncheon club In Memphis > "The farmers In the delta have lost the ecbnbm'es of the old plantation system," Mr.' Garrard said "and they have not yet gained the benefits of the efficiencies and lowered costs of .a balanced and mechanized agriculture." Answeri"T critics of the coun 'ell's price policy of 90 per cent parity for cotton, Mr. Garrard Insisted that the policy would not mean, as some suggested, "the funeral of cotton as a primary fiber." Solveney a FacUr "There are two sides to the price problem "or cottci." 'he council president asserted. "One is that much less than 90 per cent of parity during 'the next two or three year! oJ the transition towards , mechanization .-nd balanced, farming system; could destroy the fi tiahcial solvency of many farms. , "The other side," Mr. Garrard explained,'"U that of declining demand It the price is kept too high —a realistic orid immediate problem." " Mr. Garrard said It rould be Incorrect ;"to characterize .the lower price and the lower cost problem of the farmer as a "hen and egg matter" of "which came first.' *• "It Is rery ;a • to recognize." r.e said, "th t If lowered costs do not com* first, then surely a large drop In cotton prices will bankrupt many farmers and, in turn; many businesses. .; "It can b* said that the M per cent price support request for cotton Is spawned In the uauallv accepted legiti- —y of economic necessity and that It Is not an offspring- of illicitly related selflsK- new and political shenanlgins." ,G«rrartI emphasized. • , ' i«B ,'Koemnih ' Mr Describing the council's 'forts • to promote soil research, Mr Qar- rard «ld on* of th« Delta's problems U what to do with it* buckshot and marginal land "We know what .to do with our rood land." he said, "but we need io . learn how to use our poorer soils. Wt n«ed to learn --what crop* they will grow best and most profitably.- , .,'• , " A move ln,'thU; direction, 'he explained, hs* b*en;mad. Ag- riculttiral ,- Btpeflment- Station at •toijeriUe bjrVtfa*,' acquisition of buckshot land to .maie jtudjefc and DATE IN COTTON—Cotton corduroy in gold.. .for a young date dress that can be^worn all through the fall and winter. Joan Norton Irwin puts big pockets on the full skirt, styles a large graceful collar for the sung -bodice and elasticizes the three-quarter sleeve*. Velveteen'hat by Betmar. test* of its capabilities. Efforts to retain and rehabilitate the Federal Barge Lines, maintenance of agricultural exemptions In minimum sages legislation and pro; Ulan for adequate flood control and for research in farm prob- «ns are other features of the council's program, Mr. Oarratd said Some sections in Arkansas liave n recent years turned from cotton o other cash crops and in many if the delta ciunties more and more attention is being guen to diversification in one county In Western Arkansas nhich formerly *a* a fairly heavy producer of cotton, the number of gins has'been reduced from 1« to one U. of A. Soil Testing Laboratory Becomes a Beehive of Activity By' Carl Ha ncock Agricultural Editor, University of Arkansas FAYETEVILLE, Art.—The casual visitor to the University of Arkansas campus might never see it. But If he were of an Inquisitive nature and wandered to the southwest corner of drab, antiquated Gray Hall, he would run Into a bee-hive of activity. For there Is located the College of Agriculture's up-to-date soll- lesling laboratory. Here In this maze of test tubes, vials, and flasks, scientists seek th« answers, to the farmer's everyday soil problems. What crops to plant on which soils? What rotation should be followed? How much and what kinds of fertilizers should be applied? This work is not new. In fact. It's been going on for nearly [our years. But the present Increased tempo is a recent innovation, On August 1, the College ended Its long search for the "right man" to place in charge of its laboratory. He Is Dr. Robert L. Beacher, holder of a Ph.D. from Pennsylvania State Col- To Speed up Reports Or. Beacher Is a quiet, earnrst- looklng man who hu quickly recognized the need and has. put his heart and soul Into the Job. rhe trouble In the past nas been the long delay between the time the farmer submitted .his soil sample and the lime he received his report. It ran anywhere from four to si* montlus. nils wasn't anjone's fault In particular. It wa» Just that members of the agronomy staff were having to supervise the lab work and prepare the reports in their spire time. Since there usually wasn't any spare time, most of the recommendations were written alter hours—at nights >nd on weekends. With Dr. Beacher on hand to jlv« soil testing his full attention, already much of'the backlog has been wiped out, and reports will soon be going back to the counties.. Alier a short while, possibly by this month, he hopes to have the work on a current basis. Then, samples can be analyzed and reports written within a four weeks' period. I Last year, the lab handled only about 7.000 samples. Dr. Beacher believes that in the future his staff of five full-time technicians and a secretary will be able to process 400 samples a week, or roughly »,«» * year, . Service u Free The soil testing service is free to any Ai k ansas fa rme r, provided a few simple rules are followed First, the sample must be submitted through the local county agricultural extension agent. Also, a regular form must be filled out, giving such information as tile-slope and drainage of the,land, what it has been used for dur)ng the pist three years, and what the farmer, expects to grow during the next thie> years. Th» .'ipoit also goes back to the Russian TVxffcooks In '49 Roach 9,000,000 Mark MOSCOW (APj—About 1000000 textoooks—4,000,000 more than last year— will be published in the USSR In 1949 A considerable number of the tfftbaola have been radically rt- vlsed. In them revolutionary bourgeois theories have been subjected to criticism, the outstanding role of Russian and Soviet sciential* in thr development of world science a»d technics hut been reflected nx>r* fuily and generalization of the advanced experience of production innovators has been give, says an official announcement. Our alphabet was Introduced into Europe by the Phoenicians. farmer through the county agent. At present, soil submitted to the laboratory Is run through a series of tests which tell Its percentage of organic matter, Its acidity, and'the .amounts of* available magnesium, potassium, calcium, arid phosphorus it contains. If the n«d becomes apparent,, the' work may be expand- ed'to Include tests for other elements, such as manganese'and aluminum. ' Any farmer wishing to have'his soil tested;should contact hi* county agent;, who will provide the necessary form and, if necessary, show the farmer how to take a representative soil sample. 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