The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 3, 1949 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Monday, October 3, 1949
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-*—' (ARK.)' COURIEK NEWS r BLYTHEVILLE COUKIEB NEWS -,/''' TH> OOOBIMR NCWS CO. aw. HAINES. Publisher jiioa I* VIRHOKPF Editor '• FAOL D. HITMAN, AdrartWat Actmtfettl H*pr«eiiUUTe<: W«llM« Wttav Co, Mtw Jfort. Chicago, Detroit, *"••***, * woood • du* nutter *t tbt pott- •ttle* «t JBlytheTiU*, Arkann*, under act ot Coo . Octebv S, Mil " Member at Tb» Aitonmd Pteti SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By earriei ID tb* cJtj oJ BJylievllle or uy cuburbtn, town when carrici Mrvlca It maiti- Ulned, 20c per week, 01 85o pel month By mall, within a radius ol 60 miles H.OO pet j»»r, »2.00 (or ail months, tl.OO for three months; by mall outside 60 mil* zone 110.00 per year payabl* lb advance. ' 'Meditations And be »b*U be like *, tree planted by the riven ft water, that brlnsrlh forth his fruit in hii Miion; hU leaf also shall not wither; and whaUotver be dorth shall prosper.—1'salms 1:3. • * • O Blest retirement! friend to life's decline— • Retreats from care, that never must be mine. How blest It he who crowns, In shades like these, A youth of labour with an age of ease! —Goldsmith. 'Barbs Pumpkins soon will be sold at their face value. *' * * An Ohio man tried to brini i 20-year-old ilrl t*' Mend to live uoder the same roof with his wife. [] Joit a fi[ht fin at heart. ' t' ' . - ' 1- A Tennessee couple, recently divorced, were ir remarried a »eek before their baby son was born. '! Love, honor and—oh, boy) i|^ * * * <'{, -Street ear and bus companies should have., {j our welfare, a* well as our fare, at heart. d, • ||> A train Is called "The Bullet"—probably be.;' eause lt'« the custom after being taken for a i- - [/Britain Must Produce' jjToEnd Dollar Crisis j •* ' Great Britain evidently is under no ", t illusions that its devaluation of the , -pound can provide anything but short= run relief in is widely heralded "dollar 'crisis." '''•••'•. 1 The British expect, of course, that -» rise in the volume and worth of its exports to the dollar countries will oc- 3 eur. Unless that happens, the major * goal of devaluation will not be achieved. ; Yet even if that objective is attained, | ther« is no great hope that the bene- « fits to Britain will be sufficient to serve f '»« « permanent solution of its difficuU * ties. I ; ' Sir Stafford Cripps, British chan- « celor of the exchequer, rhade plain that | the closing of the gap between Britain's ., exports and imports can only be ac- J eomplished in the end by a greatly in| creased productivity from its workers. t= He acknowledged to his country that | th« decision to cheapen the pound was | made reluctantly, that Britain would | rather have put all its faitli on rising * productivity and other means of boost! inf exports. But he concluded: f , . "The time is now so short and our i f««rves have got so low that a change t in the dollar rate of exchange is the j.. only way in which we can get our prices ? down quickly enough." I There is more to this statement than t may at first be apparent. When the tlol- ] lar conference in Washington wound up, . the three participating countries—Bri- I tain, Canada and the United States—au* nouncec! a program designed to cope \ with the British crisis through both im; mediate and long-term measures. They , voiced guarded optimism over prospects ; for easing the probelm. ' th I ii is ,°] >V «l mis " ow that Callat 'a and * the United States knew of the British * intent to devalue, even while the conference was on. heir optimism Tthere- , fore may have reflected that knowledge rather than d ny great enthusiasm for , the short-run objectives of the program. For it is clear from Cripps' statement to the British' people that those immediate steps were not counted on , heavily by Britain's leaders. They would * K've the United Kingdom a freer hand i in spending Marshall plan dollars, eliminate U. S. customs red tape, and ex', Plore the possibility of heavier American ', purchases of tin, rubber and other Bri' tish Empire products that might fit m- ; to our stockpiling program. . If these moves actually were to be | given great weight, Cripps would not t have stressed the nearness of financial I. disaster when he announced devaluation. [ He brushed the short-run Washington • program aside, and declared that cheap[ ening of the pound \\as a necessary dei vice to buy lime until ; higher produc- >, tivity And better selling methods—the jj long-iaiige goals,—could come into play. i f V, T J , 1US devaluation is a bald admission both that the British plight is genuinely urgent and lhat (he only real hope for a permanent solution lies in an earnest, unflagging attack by all interested nations on the problem of restoring a healthy balance in world trade. For Britain and many another country, that balance cannot be attained without the increased economic efficiency of which Sir Stafford spoke. • • How About the U.S. Navy? Perhaps you noticed that a family of six from Fall River, Mass., undertook to swim from the Battery to Coney Island through New York Harbor the other day. Three, the father, one son and one daughter, made it. The family promptly announced that they would try to swim the English Channel next year. Perhaps they were encouraged by the fact that three men made a successful crossing recently in the same day. - -Or maybe they've heard that dolphin, who swim in schools, have been doing quite nicely for a long time in their efforts to negotiate the treacherous channel waters. Anyway, this team attempt ought .to be interesting. A veritable armada of rowboats and pilot vessels probably wil! be needed, to judge from the number of craft that follow single swimmers. Views of Others A Clearing House for Food? While American farm surpluses approacii a point where the Government must restrict production, much of the world has too little to eat. The stubborn difficulty is that the food-short, nations lack the money to buy the American abundance. Hence it is intensely Interesting that the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization nas suggested.a possible escape from this mutually unhappy situation. The FAO Is calling for an International clear- Ing house to move surplus /oods. It might, for example, buy United States wheat for India. The" clearing house would bill India for the wheat'In rupea.5 and credit "the united states In dollars— thereby avoiding any drain on India's scarce dollar supply. The booRs would balance after India delivered an equivalent value of commodities wanted in the United States. The lack of such balance is, of course, the cause of the British crisis and the world dollar shortage. Balanced accounts will not be attained easily or quickly, but the food clearing house possibly coulci help materially toward this ;nd. This country is rich In most things but It has too little of a few commodities, some of them— copper, zinc, shellac, titanium, castor:.oil, quartz crystals, lor instance-are vital in industry and national defense. '•'..' These needs have caused a Government agency, the Commodity Credit Corp., to do some'prospEct- Ing along parallel lines with the FAO plan. The CCC is responsible for domestic' supports of farm prices, and its purchases have left it with more foodstuffs than it knows what to do with. Seeking an escape from iU own troubles, the CCC is exploring the ..idea of bartering its food stocks for imported^jgaterlaU to put in the military stockpile. ----- - . * The ideal situation is still for every nation to be able to supply all Its needs for cash. But mu.ch • of the world is impoverished by war v"J other lands are only entering the industrial revolution, so that the United States Is the only really prosperous nation today-^but with agricultural surpluses that threaten to choke us. In this situation, it Is natural that thqijghtfijl f »rm .Senators like Alken of Vermpnt and'Thye ot Minnesota greeted the AQ plan as "a good idea" with "excellent poK?biHtJes." They and »11 students of the problem know many knotty problems stand between vision and fulfillment. But the dilemma of hunger In the same world with surpluses fs too tragic, and the vision ol plenty and peace is too bright, not to explore every promising way out. ST. LOUIS POST,DISPATCH The Town Meeting Hardly anything i s nlore fun thah a good argument. And the fun increases pruportionatcly with the number of people involved. The prolit to participants increases, likewise, with the variety of opinions thrown into the hopper. That's why town-meeting type discussions have an advantage over smaller arguments in the family circle or amoeig a little group of friends. There's a real challenge In taking the floor—In the "question period 1 following the main speeches —asd defending one's Ideas against all comers. And there are always new ideas to be gotten from the speakers or the evening and from other question-period orators. Next Monday night the Minneapolis Town Meeting launches its seventh consecutive year of such public discussion programs. In ihe 16 meetings over the past years all manner of problems, local, national and international have been hushed over. Thfs year's opener taKcs its subject from current headlines—our stake in/the British crisis. Town Meeting serves up some preity solid loort for thought on Us menus, but nowhere else will you find the same fare so enjoyably spiced up. —MINNEAPOLIS STAR SO THEY SAY I shall persist in my fight for defense economy, and close or curtail any activity .which cannot Justify Its existence as a necessary part ot our current national defense.—Defense Secretary Louis Johnson. * * * I learned that one meal « day wis an the majority of the people could count on. In those villages It took no effort to die,—American mis- slon»ry Sam HigguiboHom, who wrved to ———^^—••*.—•—M««»^ Running Into p Slowdown Fast MONDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1949 Washington News Notebook Soviet Information Specialist Turns Out Yarn to Lure Railroad Men in U.S. WASHINGTON— (NEA)— In the current issue of the slick Soviet iropagancla magazine, 'JUSSR in- ormation Bulletin," published wice a month by the embassy taff here, there's a piece called How One Railwa;- Man Spends Us Pay." It's about a Red Casey Jones ailed Alexei Zharinov, engineer on is Moscow-Rybnoye run. If the uthor, N. Belyayev, Is any kind f a reliable reporter, Zharinov is alng- all right by himself in, a lot f ways. Although the title of the rticle makes you-thinfc that.zliar- nov ts just, any engineer taken at andom from -the roundhouse, Bely- yev makes It quite clear that harlnov is something quite special n the way of Russian railroaders. "e writes about Zharlnov's recreaon: "In his free time Zharinov f're- uently hunts for duck and rabbits. e spends his knnual vacation which all workers are entitled to nder Soviet law ai full pay) in a acairon rest home owned by his rade union. He pays only 30 per ent of tht cost, the rest being de- rayed by the trade union. In the •infer Zharinov and his wife, Ismallovo "Rest." frequently go skiing In the Park' of Culture and The parentheses are Belyayev's. U. S. engineers on vacation pay their own ' freight at resorts but otherwise Zharinov's off-hours are engineer who read the article, makes one exception. "Let that Ri-ssian and his-wife ski: the Mrs. and I prefer to watch it on our television set or at the movies. 1 Fair-Haired Boy Zharinov Is at the top of the pay scale, making the equivalent of $800 a month some months, according lo Belyayev. This maximum pay Is received when an engineer Is paid a lot for extras for "repairing the engine on the run," "exceeding the norm" and "saving fuel." The average salary of an American railroad engineer, according to government reports, Is between S5QO and SGOO per month. In computing Zharinov's high pay, however, the author reveals that S240 Is really the basic monthly wage of Russian railroad engineers. Part of the reason for Zharinov's high pay is the fact that he holds the Order" of Lenin for "Innovations he has made on his train's operation." The article explains: ' "Zharinov's love for his work finds its expression in his effort to run his locomotive with the greatest possible speeds. By regulrrly niafcing repairs to various parts of the locomo::ve. Zharinov lengthens the run of the engine before It must be put in the shop for repairs." That gave Tydings a big laueh He says: "Although any U.S. engineer can aboiJt the same. Richard E, Tydings. do any repairing a mechanic does * Washington Terminal Company he doesn't have to fool with It. If something goes wrong with the-engine I make out a -rork order and the repair crews fix it. Our engines are in perfect shape when we start a run." - . Awailngr Statement The item In Belyayev's piece which amazed Tydings and the other railroad men who read it says: • .'• "Zharinov's usual route ts from Moscow to Eybnoye—a run of more than 2000 miles for two crews.": The longest ruri in the U.S. which any one engineer .has-'to' make is about 22B miles".-..The' average 'U.S run is between -ISO and' 200 miles! Although t"-o crews shariej the 2000- mile ride from Moscow to Rybnoye, Zharinov's crew of men have to stand half of it. And/according to the article, they stay on the train for the full distance of the trip American crews get 'off at the end of their run and catch the next train home. Another fine side of the working conditions of engineer . Zharinov Belyayev writes, is the fact 'that he only '^spends about one-third of his time on the locomotive." studies made recently by the Association of American Railroads r'eveals: that the average U.S. engineer and fireman spend closer to-one-fifth of their time in the locomotive. Speaking of tlie length of Russian runs and their time'off.;Tyd- ings wryly remarks: "Those guys ought to be better organized." ' ConfidenceVoteOnlyTechnjcal Victory for British Socialists IN HOLLYWOOD HOLLYWOOD — (NBA)— Exclusively Yours: I'm still blushing for the nation's theater owners who gathered here for a national convention. They didn't see a single new movie. But they did "preview" 38 new types of popcorn vending machines! Here's the lowdown on popcorn. as revealed RI the same convention: Annual sales of popcorn and other concessions at U.S. theaters are S500.000.000 a year. -Charley Skouras of the Fox chain said his Ihtaters will sell 54,000.000 worth of popcorn this year and that last year he paid a soft drink company 52.000.000. Hot dogs have invaded some thcalers In the midwest and cast. It's only x mailer of time before —ovic lliralcrs slarl hlrlnj- vv.ilicrs instead of uslicrs. * • • Mimic Arthur Blake Ls doinf; an impersonation of Margaret O'Brien He brings down the house when he introduces his pianist as "my accom- .nist, Don Sylvio." VIOLENT BKGI.VVI.VG Lyle Talbot is back in movie greasepaint after a fling at the Broadway stnge. He Just played what he thinks Is the most exciting role of his career—the part of Oscar Busch, the beer baron, in a commercial film made In Chicago I'll never forget the lime Lyle made his film debut. ' It was a fight scene with George Brent. Bill Wt-llman. the director with a prixie sense of humor, quietly advised both stars that the other would try to steal the scene By the time the. fight started, Lyle and George were so mad they weren't speaking. It was the first and only movie fight that didn't stop when the director yelled "cut." Lyle and George went right on fighting until the prop man tossed In a bucket of water. Xow It's, tlie "m-mm hoT." Dale Rohrrtson n-lll gri the m-mm Irc.ilmrnl lo ballyhoo his fiba debut In "Fiihtlnf Man at By Erskine Johnson XEA Staff Correspondent "——•••• the Plains." His press agent explains that "m-mm" means "miss magnetism." Hmmmmni! Harry cimring again: "The huge success of those billboard posters showing him bare chested has ted to the rumor that Alan Ladd henceforth will spell his name Al Unclad." CMI.1I5 HE'S ALIVE Bing Crosby again Is denying that he's a corpse—for the 106th time. Reports of Bing's sudden "demise" are a recurring Hollywood phenomenon. He'.s "died" in 43 states and seven foreign countries. He's "Mr. Rumor" himself. I gave him a chance (o deny the old Crosby rumors, for no other reason than to celebrate the opening of his new movie, "Top o' the Morning." Here they arc in Sing's own words: That he has more money than Uncle Sam—"That's a tired Hope Jofce." That his horses have never won a race—"Did you ever bet on Don Bingo?" McKENNEY ON BRIDGE New York City found himfelt In today's hand. Having four spades and four 4QJ9864 A432 . VK10S7 83 • None *.AQJ10 Mahoney + AJ107 VAQJ9 »A3 *S42 Rubber—Neither vul. Sooth Wert North £a*t 1+" 1» Pasi" 2* 2* 3V 4* Pass Pass Double Pass Pass Opening—V 7 3 Club Can Make Trouble Ry iviiia'm E. McKcnncy America's Cnrrt Authority Written for N'-IA Service There arc many players who do not like to bitl four-"ard majors. H Ihcy bid a heart or a spade. It means that they have at least five of lhat suit. When that convention is uicd. It must be announced lo the opponents. Without a five-card major in a biddable hand, ycu must bid a minor suit, and that IE where the opening club bid hns come Into treat me. q,i| s artificial conven- | lion c.in set you Into peculiar I situations occasionally, such as the one In which Dm M»hoaey of hearts, Mahoney (South) opened the bidding with a club. When he bid two spades on the second round of bidding, his partner should have known that he was showing a four-card major. It is hard to say why North took him to four clubs. When North passed the double of four clubs, Mahoney decided not to Jump out of the frying pan into the fire. He abided by his partner's judgment. \7hen the dummy went down, he saw that he could have made four spades, but with a mistake or two on the part of the opponents, maybe he would make four clubs. He won the opening lend of the seven of hearts with the nine-spot and immediately led the queen of hearts. West covered and Mahoney trumped in dummy with the seven ot clubs. The queen of diamonds was led from dummy and when East did not cover, declarer let it ride. West trumped with the ten of clubs. West now decided to pull the trumps to keep declarer from doing any more ruffing, so he cashed the ace of clirs and led the queen dummy winning the trick with tin king. Mahoney then led dummy's qreen of spades and took the fl T ncsse playing the ten-spot from his own hand, ^ext he led Ihe nm« Th« DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M.D. Written for NBA Service Perhaps more people suffer from headaches than any other common ailment. Although U j s true that » headache can be a sympton of some serious disease, more often It is merely a minor though unpleasant ailment ' which does not last long and from which recovery Is complete. A fairly'.common type of headache which has not been recognized for very long appears to arise from a relaxation, of the blood vessels in or near (lie brain. In this type of headache tho treatment consists of giving some fluid which causes the blood vessels to cori- Irnet. Indeed, flier have been reports of rapid relief from this kind of headache merely by Injecting adreimlln Into one of the veins Also favorable reports have been made on the injection Into the veins of a substance called sodium nlco- flnate (not related to the nlcotln In tobacco). The underlying cause of this type of headace Is difficult to treat and the c-use practicalK unknown, but Increasing (lie fluids giving special diets, and reducing the amount of salt taken into the body seem to bring about favorable results In some cases PREVENNT1NG MIGRAINE One of the most Important kinds of headache Is known as migraine As a rule this type of headache is located on one side only. Before It starts the sufferer often has peculiar sensations. In migraine, drugs given just before an altnck may stop the condition from full development. Any severe or frequently recurring headache should not be ignored. When • -isstble the cause should be identified. After this Is done the symptoms should be relieved If possible by'simple painkilling drugs like aspirin. The-further management rf headaches depends on knowing what caused them and ta'-lng the appropriate steps to attack the source of the difficulty whenever possible *' • * Note: Dr. Jordan Is unable to answer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions In his column • • * ' QUESTION:. What can be done about bow legs for a woman 33 years old? ANSWER: There Is nothing much that can be done at that age. It is probably the result of rickets In childhood. 75 'Years Ago In BlvtheYille— Excerpt from Graham Sudbury's Sport Column: This column nominates Arch Undsey, local deputy sheriff, as the most enthusiastic football fan and supporter In Mississippi county, ' ' Not :satlsfled with having a boy of his own in the line-up, Lindsey takes in Basil Locke to keep Elmer company and play football and puts another' 1 : chair. ..at the table. Then Arch, afraid hb two boys might get onesome,'goes into probate court and adopts James 'Burton, former- y of Steele, Mo., who is now a qual- f led tnember oj the Chickasaw scniad. .Frank Luckett has gone-to Memphis where he attends the University of Tennessee School of Medicine. New Shoe Union Contract Pegs Workers'Wages 8T. LOUIS. Oct. 3. WVr-A'tSew contract between International .= Q AP Foreign Aff»lr»; Anal,,t Britain's Socialist government has won a technics vlctorv «f AwMM value in its batile if t h °, f House of Commona" to j llst if y {?! recent devaluation of the wimd sterling as a solution of the S? try's fierce economic crisis Actually the . three-day fun drew debate degenerated into D0 litl cai tub-thumping by both g^ 0 ,™ ists and Conservatives in prcoVra lion tor the next general clocUm lying" 5 " ' " muimna "»B "or edU When the duel of words wa* over, Prime Minister Alt | e * ""* his big Socialist major'iy bohinH him first defeated „ coiLrvalive motion of no confidence In the government. He then proceeds i~ drive through a vote of Sdlce n whfcli 'he conservatives, headed by former Prime Minister Winston Churchill, sat silent. Thus the vote was on party lines. '»» So about all that this eaeerlv awaited debate achieved was to demonstrate again Mtlce's ability to hold his followlut in parliament fairly well In line, although there was some disaffection. What the general public eagerly wanted was an Indication of govwimviit nlars for handling MIC crisis, and of how the conservatives themselves would deal with (he sl'uallon If they were In power. But all the public got was a display of electioneering pyrotechnics. Whither now? The fate of Socialist rule in Britain is at stake. The Socialist leaders arc divided over the question of whether the government should force a general election in the near future or should wait, until, say spring. Under normal circumstances an election would be due in the middle of next year. Decision to Be a Gamble The Socialist decision will of • course, in effect be a gamble That is, If they hold a quick election It- will be on the basis that economic conditions may be better now than they will be later on. If u, ey wa (t, until next year it will be because the figure that devaluation will belp matters, and because it will give time to complete nationalization of the steel industry and reform of the House of Lords—two planks of their platform. The leading e:., nent of an early election is Attlee's minister of health, Aneurin Bevan, who Is a leftA wing Socialist. Bevan Is one o™ the most brilliant of the Socialist chieftains. He is a Welshman who knows the hardships of the coal miner from personal'. experience, and he possesses ail the fiery eloquence^of his people. They say Bevan has ambitions to be prime minister one'day and some political observers think' that he may well achieve that great post. Naturally one requisite for success will be a continuance of the Socialist Party In power. What are the chances' of that continuance? That's what has even England gucsslns. If the Socialists solve the economh crisis before election time they will go to the polls full of confidence. If they fail to meet this great emergency, and things, are worse at election time than they are. now, their chances are likely, to be mighty slim against the Conservatives. Distribution of Congresslonal districts Is made very ten years when the Federal Census Is taken. of spaces from d.u,m,my, and when East' again refused, to cover, 'he clayed the seven?spot. The third spa'de was led from dummy and won in ' Mahoney's hand.' West ir-mped the fourth spade, but he had to lead away from his kingrten of hearts ,lnto declarer's aceTJa'c'k. Thus the opponents took only three tricks. ' •. " " ' • '" ' Shoe Company" and the CIO United Shoe Workers.eliminating an escalator clause apd pegging wages at their present levels became effective Saturday. It is subject to ratl-J| fication Viy the union's locals. ' ^ The net oneryear contract covers 14,000 of the company's 35.000 workers in Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas and New Hampshire. It replaces one that provided wages would go UP or A6vn three cents an hour for each fiveTppilU change in the U.,{5. Department "of Labor's" price index. During the two years the escalator .clause was in effect, the em- ployes received five increases and two cuts froni a net wage boost of. nine cents an hour. The agreement was announced Jointly by the comoany and union. Negotiations sta'rted Sept 12. Small Mammal Answer to Previous Puiz!» HORIZONTAL 4 Spain (ab.) 1 Depicted small 5 Rocky peaks mammal 8 It eais '13 Fatty H Rove 15 Bright saying 16 Elevate 18 Pull 19 Anger 20 Bright 21 Oiganof hearing ,22 Tellurium (symbol) 15 6 Biblical name 7 Harness part 8 Neutral color 9 Egyptian sun god 10 Poker stak* 11 Lizard 12 Colored persons nStannum (symbol) 25 Observe \9jiiLyLM> 26 Love god 23 Negative reply27 Among 24 Domestic slavc-28 Musical 27 Sad cry instrument 29 Correlative of either ,1(1 Pronoun 31 Preposition •32 Not (prefix) 33 Regrets •05 Distribute, as cards 38 Atop 39 Artificial language 40 Immerse 42 Wail on 47 Belongs (o him 48 Greek letter 49 More factual' 50 Employ 51 Courage 53 Reel 55 Handle •56 Landlady VERTICAL 1 N'egro 2 Worships 3 Particlt 33 It is a -T—" 34 Joiner 36 Gets up 37 Defeated ones 41 Peel 42 Let it stand 43 Comparative suffix 4-1 Hurry 45 Negate •50 Ages 47 Immense 52 "Old Cominion State" (ab.) 54 Great (ab.) VI 50

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