The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 29, 1967 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 29, 1967
Page 8
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Pag* Eight — Blytlieville (Ark.) Courier News — Friday, December 29, 1967 FARM NEWS Review and Forecast On Missco Farms By Keith Bilbrey. County Ageut Even winter some of our.Iion bales less than the 1966 state extension economists go ! crop and over 6.8 million bales State extension _ ^^ ^ ^ smaUer crop m 1967 resulted from a reduction of six million acres planted and a decrease in the national aver- Nato Washington for the tional Outlook Conference. Then, they give us the best summary of the agricultural outlook for of growth in the omy after a re-adjustment period in 1967. Major uncertainties are extent of cuts in government expenditures and enactment of a tax surcharge. FARM INCOME AND COSTS — Some improvement expected from farm prices in, 1968 over those of 1987. However, with rising costs for production items net farm incomes may approximate those oi 1967. RICE — An Increase in acreage seems assured for 19G8 because of a step-up in demand, primarily for export, despite another record crop in Arkansas-and the nation in 1967. OILSEEDS — Food fats are in" abundant supply as a result of a record 1967 soybean crop. Soybean usage is expected to be up over last year, partly because of lower prices. FEED — A record 1967 feed grain crop of 176 million tons promises to add to carryover for the first time in four years. The 1968 feed - grain program is designed to reduce production and strengthen farm prices. MEAT ANIMALS - Livestock and meat prices should be maintained near last quarter of 1967 levels during 1968. This expectation is based on a moderate increase in demand and no unusual increase in supply. DAIRY — Total milk production in the United States and in Arkansas is expected to decline again in 1968. Pressures on incomes of dairy farmers may be intensified in 1968 with anti- pated continued increases in milk production, cosls. POULTRY AND EGGS — A moderate cutback for egg and turkey production witb a tether (though relatively small) increase in broilers appears likely in 1968. . FRUITS AND VEGETABLES — Strong demand is indicated for fresh and processed fruits and .vegetables. Supplies will be adequate with prices firm. FAMILY LIVING - Overall cost of living may rise by another ; :three io Uiree and one-half per. cent in 1968. Costs for services will again lead the rise, & he agrcuura ou new vTar that can be put age yield from 480 to 4 pound . Here is what they say ^ »%?*?«* "«£££ condilions . l] consump . lion of cotton for calendar year 1967 is expected to be about the same as next year, per capita consumption is expected to De down about five percent to 22.5 pounds. However, cotton's 'FORREST CITY - Agricul- :ure is a changing institution and when you study past developments, this fact becomes quiet evident, advises Benny j. Gore, associate county Ex- ;ension agent. Rapid progress has been made in all fields of agricultural iroduction and in some cases vithout sufficient long - time planning by local leaders. The ere in St. Francis County held a series of meetings to project the future growth of each major crop produced in the county. Gore says the leaders concluded from these studies that the entire marketing sysiem must first be strengthened. Then work would be done to reduce ** „ SNACK TIME is enjoyed by a white-breasted nuthatch attracted to sunflower-shaped fecde; "n Kaukauna,Wis. Birds feed chiefly on. insect eggs but like sunflower seeds in fall and winter. share of total fiber consumption i is expected to be the same as for 1966 or about 51.5 percent t year since 1960 that cotton's share of total fiber consumption has not declined. In view of expected mill consumption for next year slightly over nine million bales) and exports (4.7 million bales), the United States would need to pro duce about 14 million bales in 1968 to avoid further reductions in the carry-over. Consequently, the 1968 government program for cotton was altered in an attempt to increase production next year to meet the anticipated needs. The program is also designed to encourage production of a higher percentage of medium and longer staples. Currently about 70 percent of the CCC inventory has a staple length shorter than one inch compared to 40 percent in 1966. SOYBEANS — The 1967 - 68 average price received by farm ers for soybeans is expected to be around ?2.50 per bushel — approximating the support price This would compare with $2.77 per bushel (weighted by month ly salesjreceived in 1965-67. U. S. soybean supplies for the marketing year that started Sept. 1, 1967, are placed at a record 1.1 billion bushels — 12 percent more than last year. This consists of a carryover of 91 million bushels and the 1967 crop of 985 million bushels. Soybean usage during 1967-68 is expected to increase faster than last year and more in line with the recent average of about 10 percent. Domestic crushings may reach as high as 600 m i 11 i o n bushels compared with 551 million in 1966-67. The final level of crusii will depend upon such factors as soybean and soybean Adults Are Eager To Help in 4-H LITTLE ROCK — A total of to D. S. Lantrip, state 4-H Club agent. They worked with 44,686 club members in 813 clubs and 433 special interest or project groups. Most of the work done by leaders was in community 4-H jroups and county 4-H activi- :ies. Extension Service agents worked with the leaders in 641 meetings helping them prepare 'or their leadership roles and helping them plan 4-H programs projects and activities. * * * For example, Benton County has 192 adults helping in lead- followed by food, clothing and lineal prices, our ability to ex- housing, 'port soybean oil and competi- COTTON — Another decrease tion from foreign oilbearing in the carry-over of cotton is in prospect for the marketing year ending in August, 1968. By that date slocks are expected to total only about 6.75 million bales This would be a reduction of about 5.5 million bales from last August and about 10 mil- ion bales below the stocks of August, 1966. corps. Soybean exports may rise to around 280-300 million bushels during 1966-67. Prospective increases in exports and the domestic crush probably will not match this year's record soybean crop. As a result some further stock buildup is likely and present indications point to The 1967 cotton crop is esti-1 stocks next September of about mated to be about 8.1 million i 135 million bushels, or up 45 mil- running bales or about 1.5 mil-' lion from last year. ership roles in community 4-H Clubs, project groups and coun- guests. ty 4-H activities. Washington County with 174 had an average attendance of 50 at nine leader training meetings. Lantrip says adults can and will help with youth work if asked. Forty-two of 49 who were asked in Lee County accepted a role of helping boys and girls in their community do some project work. These adults worked with 225 boys and girls in 32 project groups for about six weeks during the summer. The program was climaxed by 181 of the participants exhibiting their projects in three area meetings in different parts of the county with their par- Bootheel Farmers Lose Heavily from Nematodes By W. F. James Area Extension Agriculture Agent Caruthersville . The soybean cyst nematode had been credited with cutting soybean yields in Southeast Missouri by over three million bushels in 1966. This figure was certainly increased greatly i n 1967. The cyst nematode, a tiny thread-like worm, works underground by entering the fine root of the soybean plant and preventing the intake of water and nutrients. Therefore, t he dam- to two-wet plowing, drought or age it does is often attributed some other unknown cause. Now is a good time to review the soybean yield from the different fields o n your farm. If yields f rom c e r t a i n fields were unusually low, it would be well to review the history of these fields. Chances poining fields which had received identical treatment. Pickett soybeans were multiplied in the area last year and a fair amount of seed are available. The two new cyst, nematode resistant varieties, Dyer and Custer are to be multiplied in 1968. ents and others as special Ashley County is another example of adults serving in youth leadership roles. A total of 52 adults served in two-week long area and seven community proj ect workshops in which 303 boy and girls participated. The par. ticipants made one to five projects during the workshop. Lantrip says adult 4-H leaders area and seven community project workshops in which 303 boys have been the key within the 4-H Clubs this year in bringing about better quality club work. An indication of this quality is that 67 clubs were named State Honor Clubs this year as compared to 50 last year and 15 in 1960. State Honor Clubs are selected on the basis of a standard of excellence achieved rather than on a comparison basis with other clubs. are, cyst nematodes may have g num . been the culprits, especially There are already more ap-1 plications for the Dyer (developed from Hill) than there are soybeans available. There are still more Custer soybeans to be alloted. The Custer variety, developed from Scott, is a medium - early bean maturing the first week in October. This variety has phytophthora root rot resistance and is particularly suited to heavy soils. Where cyst nematodes caused j heavy losses in 1967 ttiere are' several alternatives which one can follow: 1) If land is suitable, rotate to cotton, corn or grain sor- Freeze-branding Technique May Help Cattlemen HOPE — A demonstration on freeze - branding cattle conducted in Hempstead County is "looking good," according to Calvin Caldwell, county Extension agent. The demonstration ,was conducted on Mrs. Rennie jMcMillen's herd of Hereford Planned Progress Deemed Essential to Agriculture farming economy has advanced to a stage that leaders recog- proved marketing. Gore said the leaders Indi- lize the need for planned pro-1 cated a need for more market- gress, if agriculture is to con-' ing education work with farm tinue to contribute to the econ-| operators. In the case of cot- omic growth of the county, state j ton, they felt more action was and nation. [needed on formation of farmer- The farming business is now -owned marketing associations to too complex to allow it to ad-! deal directly with mills. vance without guidance. With this in mind, a group of lead- Income Tax Guides Are Now Ready By VASURE "BO" GIBSON Associate County Extension Agent North Mississippi County It is income tax time again. We have the 1968 edition of the Farmer's Tax. Guide. At this time, many of you are having trouble figuring your in- , ... . come tax, which, for farmers, s ''S ht ln< f afses " nce ' The problem of market education and development was indicated for all crops studied. Some felt an orderly marketing system for all products would do more to bring about the expected increase in income than any other single point. In fact, if an improved market is not established first, increased production would be an added cost production cost not merely by; without a corresponding in- i increasing yields but by more crease in price or income. Most farm leaders are very confidenl that research can efficient use of existing resources. The studies made j by these! continue to increase yields and leaders showed that income quality of major crops. They from agriculture is expected to more than double by the year 1975. It is obvious that the acre- feel their big problem is how to make it pay a fair return for their investment, time and mon- same. Predictions Were for only must be paid by Feb. 15. . , . Are your records in such a Some of the past progl . ess nas manner that it is hard to sep- been made by expansion of ac . arate repairs and other expen- reage of certain crops . Future ses so they can be reported to pro g ress ^ill be made through best advantage? Can you take ! j mpr oved yields, efforts to low- your farm records and analyze j er pro d uc tion cost, and im- them to help you plan, for your \ -~~ -- age of each crop will not double ley. in fact, it will remain about the [ The group also pointed out production factors needing attention in order to achieve the expected increase in income. The main objective here was to reduce the cost of production. f b T, Sl rwheat > , a "f mar ? double for vegetable production. Earliest important maps showed the coast lines of the Aagean Sea and were used by the Greek sailors. coming crop year? If the answer to any or all of the above questions is yes, then we have material in our office that should help. We also have a limited supply of Income Tax Management for farmers. The Farmer's Tax Guide will be useful because of detailed discussion of several changes in r - - . . the tax law. Most of these Clinic" at the Ritz Theatre Jan. I perts from the University of AT- 400 Expected Here For Farm Symposium Jan. 24 About 400 farmers are ex-!guest speakers will include — pected to attend a "Farmers' I Foster hopes — agricultural ex- where soybeans have followed soybeans. I just received a report today from a south D u n k 1 i n County farmer who made 30 bushels of P i c k e 11 so ybeans (cyst nematode resistant) as contrasted lo eight bushels of Hill soybeans per acre in ad- 47-Year Low LITTLE ROCK — Arkansas' cotton producers have just about completed one of the smallest cotton crops ever produced in the state, advises William E. Woodall, Extension cotton specialist. The estimated production, as of: Dec. 8, was 520,000 bales. Frpm 1920 to date the next smallest production was 622,000 bales in 1923. Woodall says there are several reasons for the exceptionally small crop in 1967. Some of these are the following: Producers voluntarily diverted about 32 per cent of their allotted acres by taking these acres out of cotton and diverting them to a soil building or conservation use; Some of the acres intended to be planted to cotton were never planted because of the unusually cool and wet spring, and after it was too late to plant cotton such acres were planted to soybeans or other crops; Finally, some of tbe acres planted to cotton were abandoned due Ip. the cool wet season which prevented fields from maturing cotton before the freeze. Not only did Arkansas finish the season with a record low of acres for harvest (715,000), the yield per harvested acre was exceptionally low. We have to bo back to the early fifties to equal the 1967 low per acre yield of 349 pounds of lint. * * * Woodall says another factor involved in the disappointing low per-acre yield was the unusually low mean temperatures existing throughout the fruiting and fruit maturity period. The weekly mean temperatures varied throughout the state, but regardless of the area, at best there were only two weeks where the weekly mean equal- led or exceeded the thirty-year average. All other weekly means from July throughout October averaged four to five degrees below normal. Also, in many instances individual fields had excess nitrogen available resulting in an excessive growth and delayed maturity. Under more normal conditions the amount of nitrogen might not have been excessive, but under existing conditions it proved to be excessive. Insects took a greater toll in 1967 than in any recent year, especially in Northeast Arkansas. Verticillium Wilt resulted in greater yield reduction than in any previous year in Arkansas. In Northeast Arkansas producers have experienced yield reductions from Verticillium Wilt in previous years while Southeast Arkansas has not felt that Verticillium wilt was a major factor in previous years. However, In 1967, Verticillium Wilt attributed to yield reductions throughout the state. 2) Plant a cyst nematode resistant variety of soybeans; or 3) Fallow the land and plant to wheat in the fall. cattle. Prior to the actual branding, the hair from the place to be branded was clipped as closely as possible and the skin wetted i with a 95-percent alcohol solution. The branding irons, which are four-inch number brands and heavier than most irons, were allowed to remain in a Gtyrofoam container containing alcohol and dry ice until thoroughly cold. The iron was then held to the skim of each animal for 45 to 60 seconds. Caldwell advises that freeze- branding is still experimental and may prove a real asset to cattle owners for identification. changes apply to tax-payers generally, but they are particularly important to farmers. Many farmers may hold their tax liability to a minimum by securing a copy of the Tax Guide and reading changes and regulations. This type of educational program for farm operations is conducted by Hie Agricultural Extension Service cooperating with the Internal Rev- enie Service. If you are interested in one of the new guides, you may request it by mail or come by the Extension Office for one. You may also pick one up in the banks and post offices in Blythcville, Dell, Leachville and Manila. 24, according to P. D. Foster, j kansas, and one or two of the in charge of local arrangements j nation's top soybean farmers, The clinic is being arranged" by Farm Shows, a Wisconsin firm, and "will be sponsored by Amchem 'Products Co., Shell Chemical Co., Riverside Chemical Co., and Allis-Chalmers, according to Foster. Purpose of the clinic is to discuss modern cotton and soy-, bean farming methods, Foster ] inside." said I A representative of Farm The meeting begins with reg-i Shows was in Blytlieville Wed- istration from 8:30 to 9:15. Inesday conducting an advance From then until noon represen-! planning meeting, Foster said, tatives of the sponsoring firms i Attending the meeting were he said. Tbe meeting ends at 3:30 p.m. p.m. Foster said while he had no commitments as of yet, he hoped to gel speakers who would give a clear picture of "what's going on in farming outside of Arkansas as well as will address the farmers. representatives of l!ie Chamber of Commerce, the local univer- After a free lunch the ses- sity extension service and mem sion resumes at 1:15 p.m. andibers of the press and radio. nemember Pay Your Paper Boy AUCTION Marion Discount Sales Co. Marion, Arkansas Marion Is Approx. 5 Miles North of West Memphis Tuesday, Jan. 2nd - 10 A.M. Every Item to Be Sold Regardless of Price Hardware Furniture Appliances Televisions Radios Watches Diamonds Adding Machines Clocks Duplex Refrigerators Dry Goods Jewelry Novelties Store Fixtures Cash Register Shoes Boots Antiques HUNDREDS OF ITEMS TOO NUMEROUS TO MENTION Auction Conducted By Paul Robbins Auction Company Ph. 561-3143 or 561-3138 Manila, Ark. TRACT POWE FARMALL 656 H "^' k 60 H.P. PLUS FARMALL 756 N~ 5 ^,-76 H.P. PLUS FARMALL 856 ^?o7c,,, 95 H.P. PLUS FARMALL 1256»«"-" Estimate 120 Plus Come by and see these tractors on display with the NEW FEATURES, ENGINES and all new POSITION COMFORT DESIGN. If you don't figure with us on one of our farm tractors and equipment. . .you won't get your MONEY WORTH. The "56" Series Tractor ALSO: Limited number of the Famous 80G and 120fi left on FIRST COME FIR'ST SERVE BASIS—PRICED RIGHT! EQUIPMENT CENTER INC. So. Division Phone PO 3-6863

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