The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 1, 1949 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 1, 1949
Page 4
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(ARK.) COURIER NEWS ' THE BLYTHEVTLLE COU&IEB NEWS ' ', ' THI COURIER NEW* OCX ' / H. W. HA1KES. Publisher ' JAKES L. VERHOETP Editor . FACL D. HUMAN, Advertising Uaaaccr ' t '' Bol* Ktttonal Adrei-tLsin* Representative*: ', W«W* Witmer Co. New York, Chicago, Detroit, ' '( Entered u Kcbnd clas» mutter at the post; tftitx at Blytheville, Arkansas, under act at Con- 5 fit**. October », 1917. " i Member at Tb» Associated Preu ~~ r \ • ; ' • ( , 8UBSCRIKT1ON RATES: . . Bf carrier In the city ol Blytheville or any •uburbao town where carrier service U maintained, 20c per week, 01 860 per month ' By mall, within a radius ol 50 miles 14.00 pet ,'7*ar, 12.00 for six months, $1.00 (or three month*; ; by ;. mail outside 50 mile tone tlO.OO per year / payable -to advance. £ Meditations ^ , •'' Now (o, nrlle it before them in a lalile, and '• note it in a book, that it may be far the limi; to for ever and ever. — IsUh 30:8. ' T Books are the legacies that a great genius leaves to mankind, which are delivered down from generation to generation, as presents to the pos- .terity of those who are yet unborn.— Addison. Barbs An authority says ale Is good for hay fever. •And champagne for the hey, hey variety. * '. * * ' An 18-year-old girl Is shot from a cannon In a circus. We've heard ol cannon fodder, but never •f cannon daughter. * * * ' The price of sugar goes up—and it's going to (el Into a lot of jams this season. ', * * * i ','' Every woman always ftti just what she wanted lor her birthday—and can liardlj- nail [o get downtown and exchange it. * * * There's little peace of mind when somebody ,«!»' is giving you a piece of theirs. Monopoly Probing Powers Need Attention The government's civil anti-trust suit •gainst the Great Atlantic and Pacific ' Tea Co. seems to us to be a signal for a full-scale review by Congress of the nation's entire policy on monopoly power. t There is serious doubt whether the '. objectives the government seeks in this ,vcas« are in the public interest. Indeed, . the Justice Department's confusing interpretations of the anti-trust laws are , making it increasingly difficult to de- ;• termrne exactly where the public inter- . e'st'lies in any monopoly suit the government may bring. , In the A. and P. case, the department asks that tlje 6000-store food chain be, split into seven separately-owned,retail divisions en ,a geographic basis, that its produce wholesaling and sales unit be dissolved and that its manufacturing activities be divorced from buying and gelling operations. . , , These ends are sought, says the government, because the A. and P. has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act by restraining competition in food making t and selling, and by monopolizing a "substantial part of trade and commerce." The government argued in the crimi- ' nal suit that A. and P. restrained trade , by: Forcing suppliers to grant secret rebates and preferntial prices that amounted to discrimination against other buyers. . Selling food below cost in some areas : to undercut competitois, while charging • 'higher prices to make up the loss elsewhere. "Subsidizing" its retail operations through profits made on its manufacturing and wholesaling activities, thus gaining an unfair edge over other retailers. Since the criminal case was decided, two highly reputable independent sources have contended that the government's argument is full of holes. The Yale Law Journal referred to it as a "parade of mistakes." Prof. M. A. Adelman, economist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ripped into the guv- einment's stand in'an article for the Quarterly Journal of Economics, published by Harvard University. As these sources pointed out, the A. and P. does not constitute a monopoly in any ordinary sense of the word. In 1947 it had 6.4 per cent of total U. S. s^s in 600,000 retail food stores. Its share has been declining since 1933—not rising. Nor has the chain held more than 10.8 per cent of the'business in any particular area where it has operated. The. great weight' of the evidence , indicates that the A. and P. has used , its admittedly great mass buying power . J not to raise or fix prices, restrict output *• and choke off its rivals. It has used its s economic leverage for exactly opposite purposes—the lowering of prices to con- •urien/the elimination of costly middle- I men and wasteful distributive methods, the makings of savings at the manufacturing end. Inevitably, competitors' toes were stepped on. Brokers and wholesalers and similar middlemen were rudely shoved out of the w ay. But it is necessary to protect inefficient operators in order to "maintain competition" in the food business? . .Professor Adelman said the great fallacy, in the government's case is that it "confused the maintenance of competition with the protection of particular competitors." There Is no advantage that one competitor can gain over another that does not hurt the second one. But the hurt-to particular, competitors is nothing for the public; to worry about so long as competition is fairly preserved and there is free entry for newcomers to the field. The facts suggest strongly that such competition is being preserved. Views of Others Farm Income Still Good Much of the farmer's apprehension over the whole price support question stems from his tear of what may happen, not from the present situation. That. IV illustrated In a letter Tne writer is afraid that farm income may drop to 60 per cent of parity. . ' A clever job of scarce propaganda has been done with that 60 per coin figure. The Hope-Alken act provides that prices for a number of farm products should be supported at 90 per cent o! parity, unless surpluses appear., Then the price on a commodity may drop as low as 60 per cent of parity. But if farmers cut down on production of that commodity, the surplus will decrease and the pi-Ice guarantee will rise. Also, if farmers vote to accept' controls, the minimum support would be 12 per cent. Some politicians have been try Ing. to make ballot box hay by frightening farmers Into thinking that • the Hope-Alken plan Is assurance their income will tlrop by 40 per cent. .Recent government reports show a drop In farm income this year. It was off about tloo million in Minnesota lor th first half of 1849. But It la still, pretty good. The following table shows farm -cash income as compared to total Income payments In .Minnesota for representative years in the last two decades: • Total Income Payments 1929 ..... ..... 51,443 million "33 .... ...... 838 million IMS ... ....... 1,083 million 1040 .......... 1,42-1 million IMS .......... 2,689 million 1548 ... ....... 3,173 million .1917 .......... 3,508 million 1948 ..... ..... 3,070 million In addiion to cash Income, many fanners have the advantage of milk, eggs, meat, etc., raised and consumed at home. In a comparison or the above figures It should also be remembered that there has been a genera! decline In farm po'pn- latlon in relation 'to total population. The 1930 census showed 34.9 per cent of Minnesota's population on tarmsUJJy 1940 It had dropped to 32.8 per cent anti iCToubl Is down further now. In Minnesota, cash income per farm was $1,866 In 1930; $1,689 In 1935; $2,121 In 1940| $4,723 in 1945, and $1,063 in 1048. That includes good farms and bad. High farm income Is line. When agriculture prospers, £o does all of Minnesota. But everybody, Including the farmer, has expected that farm income would suffer some decreases In relation to other Income in the next few years. The years 1910-14 are generally accepted as the base for figuring the ralo between larm and non-farm income. On that basis, American farm prices during World War I were 27 per cent above parity. In ]931-!9 they were 14 per cent aoove parity. In 1021-25. they were 14 per cent below parity. In 1030-34 they were 25 5per cent down. hey got even In 1935-41. For the World War li period and since they have been 52 per cent-above parity, according to government statistics. The Hope-Aikcn act is an attempt, to guard against a sharp break In farm prices, such as occurred In the early 1920's, and against a deep depression like that of the 1930s. An examination ol the facts in the case should convince Upper Midwest fanners that they have nothing to iciir from tins reasonable attempt at an orderly readjustment to a more normal situation. MINNEAPOLIS STAR Cash Farm Income » 43Z million 163 million 278 million 418 million 9fll million 1,10'J million 3,333 million 1,342 million SO THEY SAY In this difficult and troubled time, the American people seek Ihc leadership and vision that only militant liberalism can provide—Hcroert Lehman, accepting Ubcral Party nomination as senatorial candidate. » * * You must do away with obstacles to International trade that is the balance ol trade and that will bring about monetary stability.—President Truman, to World Bank and International Monetary Fund officials. t t * If I weren't in the—ahem—cnn. as it were, I might even be able to run for governor. I'd be a cinch to get the women's votes.—Love swindler Sigmund Engel, 72. » » • We should let him (communism) out ol school, if he gets tough, we cnn hit him,In the nose.. I don't mean that we can entirely laugh off communism, but we can stop worrying auout it and ridicule It. Rep. Walter Huuer, (D), O:.K>. * » * A nation posing as civilized has just given one o[ the rhost shocking peacetime exhibitions ot mass indifference, recklessness and Insatiable craving to show off that the world has ever seen. —Ned H. Dearborn, President of the National Safety Council, on Uallic deaths over the Labor Day week-end. Oasis—Or Just.Another Mirage? SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1949 PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Navy Chief's Fancy Yacht, the Sequoia, Draws Fire of One Member of Congress WASHINGTON _<NBA)— Secretary of. Defense Louis Johnson may be asked to turn his economy guns on the fancy yacht Sequoia which Is assigned to the secretary of the Navy. A congressman happened to be on a small cruiser on the Potomac River one % Suntlny recently when the Sequoia steamed by- him. ,A very lively party was in progress on board but none of the ."'/"Is appeared to be in uniform. : V "'ted the congressman jvonder- 11.^. A quick investigation showed that Secretary Matthews seldom used the ship except (or a : rare dinner party. But Dan Kimball. undersecretary of Navy, and a coupia of other high civilian olficials were in the habit of entertaining guests on the luxury craft quite frequently. The ship serves little useful purpose except for entertaining. But a cre\v of 27 men. mostly wallers and stewards In uniform ,is assigned to it 24 hours a day. Most of the time It is just tied up to the dock at ihe Anacostln, Va., air station. Shorn of All meaning Uncle Sam now has an official defination of swearing on the record. II is supplied by Louis Plost, a-trial examiner for the National Labor Relations Board. In recommending reinstatement of a woman employe ot the Indianapolis Glove Co.. of Marion, Ind., who had bceu fired for profanity, he said: "The day when a curse was designed an intended to call down the wrath of heaven upon any object, animate or inanimate, has happily passed. Today, the words of Imprecation, cursing and blasphemy survive in our speech shorn of their real meaning. ''In the armies'of the past, the cavalryman, the artilleryman, but most of nil the mule skinner, mastered the art, and raised It to great heights. But, alas, • the -coming, of the gasoline engine has removed the living spur to expressive, non- blasphcmous profanity until now only a pale substitute survives. "The words are 'remembered, .but the mustc has been lost." : N'ot Easy to Forget The U. a. Maritime Commission has now written off the books the 86 merchant vessels which Uncle Sam loaned Russia during the war. Maritime officials never expected to ever see Ihem again. The State Department, however, says the issue Is nowhere near concluded as far as it 15 concerned. Now You'll Know Him Although the secretary of Navy, Francis P. Matthews, seldom shows up at any of the town's functions, the few times he •-•-has been Secretary' social he _ of the Treasury John and official host to the secretary for a visit Matthews was golnjr to make to a local-naval establishment, the captain, had to go to Matthews office and ask for a peek at him so he could be sure to recognize him that night; After seeing the secretary through the open door several. times visitors went in, the captain asked for a picture of Matthews so. he could study the features more closely and. t make sure there was. no mistake. , Missing AH the Fireworks . Allan B. Kline, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation and the man whom everybody predicted would tre Tom Dewey's 'secretary of agriculture if Dewey won, was conspicuously absent from -the Republicans' big farm pow-wow at Eouix city, la. .Subbing for Kline was vice president of the federation, Romeo S. Hart, a southern farmer and said to be an opponent Moscow Reports 'Good Reason 1 For Tito to Lose His Sanity The DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M.D. Written tor NEA Service Measles has been bad during the past year. Even in the average year i here are about 500.000 cases and 1000 deaths as a direct result of this dtse»se In the United States alone Many serious complications such as tironciilils or ^broncho-pneumonia which can make permanent invalids also result from measles. The first symptoms of measles develop about two weeks after exposure to a patient who hns been ill. Since during the first three or four days\of the disease -the symptoms resemble (hose of nil ordinary cold with slight fever, many youngsters expose others without knowing that they have measles at all , The fever at first is slight but Soes up gradually. A slight cough to be present and this become gradually worse. Is likely tends to The rash which begins to' develop' in a few days usually comes first on the forehead and behind the ears, From here it spreads rapidly over the neck, trunk and down the Hmbs a»d-is usually fully developed In two or three days. Fart- Ing of the rash starts in another (wo or three days. Keep Patienl i n Bed Once measles has developed the patient should be kept in bed in a well-ventilated •• room. ^Plenty 'of fluids should be given and easily digested foods. The eyes urc sensitive to light so that reading and eye strain should be avoided. Often it Is well to Imve the shades In the sick rom partially baths are helpful drawn. Tepid In preventing itching and In soothing the skin; constipation Is common and should be corrected. • Bed. rest until the acute stage of the disease is over should be enforced as many of the serious complications come from letting the victim out of bed too early. Note: answer Dr. Jordan Is unable to individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions In his column. QUESTION: What cnn cause terrible trouble with being off bal- lance when walking? I usually seem to be all right but then I stagger. ANSWER: There ai-e several r-is- sibilitles. perhaps the most probable one Is something which is believed to he, in the Inner ear and goes under the name of Mcniere's dis- Gasoline is Mistaken For Kerosene; Two Die In West:yirginia Fire ELKINS..W. Va.,-Oct. 1. OT — Maynard Daniels lacked up a five gallon can of kerosene, he thought, to Ret the cookslove'. fire going. The can conta'lned gasoline It blew up and showered flames all over the kitchen of the frame house. Most of .the house burned. Sons Roger. '2, and Clifford, 3, were trapped In an upstairs bedroom and died. Mrs. Daniels Is in critical condition. • Snyder. The resemblance between the two men Is startling. To avoid this mistaken identity, however. Matthews has hit upon a very smart gimmick. Whenever there Is a chance that Snyder might be at some function which he Is also going to attend Matthews wears a special pair of thick-rimmed glasses. Matthews has been so busy traveling around the country visiting Navy bases few of the officers below the rank of admiral have had a chance to meet him. When a cap- tnin was assigned to act as greeter his business to be in Europe during that meeting to avoid some of the hot complicated issues which he knew would come up at the meeting. His European trip is to advise ECA on certain aspects of Us public relations policy there. Accustnmttl to Puffin; Out Info Cedric Worth, the Navy' official who was suspended when the congressional B-36 probe turned up the fact that he had written the now- famous anon.vmous letter which touched off the probe, was being mentioned at the time as the man who would be put in charge of all See EDSON on Page 5; IN HOLLYWOOD Gy Ersklne Johnson Staff Correspondent NEA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD (NEA)—If Nancy Kelly accepts the feminine lead in "Wrong Guy." they'll have the plot for another movie, she'll be making scree:; love to her ex-husband. Kdmond O'Brien. Photographing both of them will be another one of Nancy's ex-husbands. Fred Jack- mam » • » Elizabeth Taylor will pet a concentrated buildup at M-G-M. The front office boys agree she's the studio's hottest boxofflcc property. The reason Elizabeth and Bill Pawley temporarily called off their engagement: Young love and careers seldom mix. Another rumor that Wandn Hen- rl.v and Audle Murphy had separated. 1 talked to them in Cedar City. Utah, where they're working in "Sierra." Only comment was: No further comment." counting on 11. But I'm not Harold Lloyd handed Junior his famous pair of horn-rimmed spectacles. Junior tried them on, smiled and handed them back. "No, thanks," Junior said. "I'm not cashing in on the act." Mama hugged him and grandma ly in Goldwyn's "With All My Love." First Big Chance • But "A Dog's Life" 'is the big break. Junior had ouite a Job getting a job in pictures. No one took nim seriously. "All they'd .-ay was, 'Yon are too big' or 'You're too small' or 'How's youi father 1 ?". Junior kept trying. He worked in i commercial short and marie SEIO. He directed a play at Beverly Hills high school and his mother came and she was surprised to see one of her fur coats walking across the stage. Junior had borrowed it for his leading lady. Then cnmc the big break and Junior joined John Barrymore, Jr., and Harry Carey, Jr.. In fooutcp following. There's no business like show business to Hollywood's second generation. Mae West has a film deal cooking to play the role of a Mississippi River gambling boat queen. . . . Those rumors about the rifting of David O. Selznlck and Jennifer Jones are gelling stronger despite their denials. Lynn Barl will tournament held in Chicago. Same players were Inclined to open the South hand with one spade because it has the value of two and one-half tricks; but this try lor a Him comcba'-J via a road tour of the play. "Light Up the Sky.'' Why Lynn has trouble landing a. Him role Is beyond me. . . . Edgar Bergen will 'give his studio hand docs not have a good rcbid, and it is a safer pa-<s. North has less than two and one- half tricks, but look at his distribution—four spades, four hearts and live diamonds. If he can find a fit jln a suit with his partner, they might easily make a game, even though his partner docs not hold an original bid. radio audience an extra half-hour show this year—he'll practice his TV routines for 'cm. kissed him. The wlinlc Lloyd family was seeing Harolrl Jr. off to l>c a movie siar. He Svns licaden for a Monroe, Mich., lorallnn and Hie starring rnic in "A Uo^'s I,irc t " which, Ironically, Junior has never led. The plot of the film founds like one of his dad's old pictures—Junior plays a young fellow who can't keep a job because of li(s passion for chasing fire trucks. Junior Is 18 and hunrtsome and ifif yi i . eager and has been chftslng a film I I'lttS I 01' \jOntTUCt career ever since lie can remember. Today's, lesson hand on bidding H« made hla film debut Just recent- was taken from the recent national McKENNEY ON BRIDGE lly William E. McKenncy America's Card Atillmrity ttrlllcn for ,S'E/i Service Gels Over Psychic When North bid one diamond, East put In a psychic bid of one spade. Soiith's double of one spade said to his partner, "If East had not bid a spade, that Is what I would have bid." When East made another psychic bid of two hearts, South showed it up with another double. Then East bid his true suit three clubs. That also suited the South player, and he should double three clubs, os he did. Now North, who was void of clubs, showed his second suit, and South correctly took the contract to four spades. The point in this bidding h that, „ , _ at times you should pass two ani z Amrrp one-half, or even three honor tricks in first position, if you have a defensive type of hand, or a hand lacking a good rebid. On the other hand, North should open this hand because he dot's have sound rcbids, even though he has only two quick tricks. •" I have injected East's psychic bidding only to show hotv it should b correctly handled by South. By showing up the psychic bids, North and South had no trouble In getting to their correct contract, North rulfed the opening lead of the king of clubs, cashed the ace of diamonds and ruffed a small diamond in dummy. The queen of spades was led, and when West covered with the king, .declarer's ace won the trick. By a carelnl cross-ruff cclarer made his contract of four spades. Feathered Creature AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Russia's abrupt cancellation of h»r treaty of friendship ivith Yugosl" via, thereby setting a'fiery examole which her satellites may be ex n «.£2 to follow, further tightens the ban khment of Marshal Tito from lh« Bolshevist fold. ne The Yugoslav dictator now is decidedly on his own until he maltei new friends who at this stage ob vlotisly must come, from the democ- ' racicj. I imagine his sensations art something IH:e those of your correspondent one day In the first world war when he got caught In the middle of a German barrage of high-power shells. I ivasn'l exactly lonesome, you understand, but did have a feeling that I could do with a little friendly encouragement. Thus far the only kindly word Tito has received from his old comrades is contained In an article nub-tf lished by "the Literary Gazette" in Moscow. Crilieism from Moscow The Gazette says history soon Is going to ofler him a choice—"either rat poison, like Hitler, or a soaped rope, like Mussolini." The'article adds that "there is good reason for the Belgrade riw:irf. to go crazy.": Moscow accuses Tito of lining up with "foreign Imperialist circles". Specifically Russia charges that the Budapest treason trial of former Hungarian Foreign Minister Lasdo Rajfc. sentence to death last Saturday, disclosed that Yugoslavia has been carrying on hostile activity against the Soviet Union. Yugoslavia also has friendship and mutual aid pacts with Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Romania. In the nat- url course of events all these neighbors also will cancel their treaties. Well now, the: significance'of all this lies in the real reason for the break between Russia and Yugoslavia which came Into the open in a big way in June, 1943. Thut was when the Moscow dominated Conu'nform expelled the Balkan state from membership y The cause of that expulsion' wa» Tito'.? refusal to surrender Yugoslavia's national sovereignty to control of Moscow. He maintained that his country's internal affairs concerned her alone, and that she would accej)t no dictation. . . • May Be Good Strategy This means Tito has Inaugurated a new brand of communism for.his state. And that, of course. Is a turn of events which Is of vast importance to the Western .nations. Observers are speculating whether the Yugoslav dictator's example may inspire other discontended satellites to try to follow suit in .maintaining their nationalism.' : 'It 5 sfill too early to declare that Tito's brand of communism can't live- in amity with other national isms..His requests for material aid from' the 2 Western' world in his emergency seem to "indicate that he wants to play toall. Whether he has all his cards on the table remains to be seen. -. Be that as mny, he Is getting financial assistance from the hated "capitalists", and seems to be winning much support in his amazing campaign to win the U.N. Security Council seat now held by the Soviet Ukraine. That won't help the East-West differences in the peace organization, but it may be good strategy for the cold war. Time will tell. " 75 Years Ago In Blytheville — ' Dr. and Mrs. M. o. Usrey, whoss home was recently damaged by fire, are now at home with Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Elkins. " '• Mr. and Mrs. Herman Carviil, of Helena, Ark., will arrive Sunday to spend a week with their daughter, Mrs.'' J. Louis Cherry and Mr. Cherry. John Finley is attending to business In Little Rock. ' : . Mrs. Lagrone Whittle, who was before her marriage Miss Elmyra Caldwcll, was guest of honor at a shower bartv given Wednesday evening by Misses Mary Hires, Helen Grimes and Pearl Graves at the Graves home. After games had been played Mrs. Whittle was presented gifts, arranged as a mlnature load of cotton. 25 Gaelic 26 Tidy 27 At this place 28 Smell 33 It Is a native ot HORIZONTAL 1 Depicted bird 7H is a bird 13 Stage whispers 14 Presser 15 Devotee 16 Pester 18 Golf mound 19 Sheltered side IZVnst 20 Gluts 17 Near 21 Harem room 22 Senior («b.) 23 And (Latin) 24 Number 27 Coal scuttle 29 Of the thing 30 Diminutive ol Edward 31 Symbol for samarium 32 International language 33 Encountered 34 Sea eagle 36 Hebrew letUr 37 Preposition 39 Cutting implement 41 Weird 46 Greek letter 47 Disencumber 48 Raves 40 Edge 50 Rehabilitation of a plant 52 Lure 54 Type of poem 55 Mental (acuities VERTICAL 1 Pi Isonj 3 Quote 4 Paid notice in newspaper 5 Seines 6 On the ocean 7 Sage 8 War god 9 Accomplish 10 To the inside 11 Required 35 Heed 36 Peels 33 Appellations 40 Paradise •11 Great Lake 4 2 Direction 43 Registered nurse (tib.) 44 Followers' 45Domeslic slave 4G Goddess of discord 51 Symbol (or tin 53 Thoron (symbol)

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