Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona on May 20, 2014 · Page A004
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Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona · Page A004

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Tucson, Arizona
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Tuesday, May 20, 2014
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Page A004
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A4 FROM THE FRONT PAGE Tuesday, May 20, 2014 Arizona Daily Star EL CON Continued from Page Al they will be good stewards of the center." City Councilman Steve Kozachik, whose ward includes El Con Mall, said he hopes the owners breathe new life into the property. "It's a historic, mid-town shopping center that needed some new blood," Kozachik said. The deal marks an end to the Kivel and Papanikolas families' 54-year run of operating the mall. The two families opened El Con in 1960 next to Tucson's first resort, the El Conquistador, which opened in 1928. With original anchor tenants such as Montgomery Ward and Woolworth's, the mall prospered for decades. But its fortunes plummeted in the late 1980s CHINA Continued from Page Al Eric Holder said at a news conference. The alleged targets were Alcoa World Alumina, Westinghouse Electric Co., Allegheny Technologies, U.S. Steel Corp., the United Steelworkers Union and SolarWorld. The indictment, which includes charges of trade-secret theft and economic espionage, was issued in Pittsburgh, where most of the companies are based. China denied it all. In a statement, the Foreign Ministry said the charges were based on "fabricated facts" and would jeopardize China-U.S. "cooperation and mutual trust ." " China is steadfast in up -holding cybersecurity," said the statement. "The Chinese government, the Chinese military and their relevant personnel have never engaged or participated in cybertheft of trade secrets. The U.S. accusation against Chinese personnel is purely ungrounded and absurd." The charges underscore a longtime Obama administration goal to prosecute state-sponsored cyber-threats, which U.S. officials say they have grappled with for years. One government report said more than 40 Pentagon weapons programs and nearly 30 other defense technologies GERMS Continued from Page Al contaminated fluid was sprayed, the researchers detected levels of the bacteria that spread within a range that could be contracted and cause outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease. "Washer fluid has the traits a potentially dangerous source of Legionella exposure needs," Otto Schwake, a microbiology Ph.D. student at Arizona State University in Tempe and the study's lead author, said in an email. "It is aerosolized, heated and people are regularly exposed to it. The results from this study support previously demonstrated epidemio Eegee's foam buckets of fruity slush, By Tom Beal ARIZONA DAILY STAR We're defining Tucson in 100 objects. The daily series began April 20. Follow along at: azstarnet.com100ob-jects Go ahead, sing the jingle. E-e-g-e-e, make mine an E-e-gees. Partners Ed Irving and Bob Greenberg began selling a frozen lemonade concoction from a truck TUCSON IN 100 OBJECTS in 1971, naming the treat for the "E" in Ed's name and the "G" in Greenberg's. Other flavors followed, food was added and stores were opened across Tucson. Giant sandwiches and big foam buckets of Eegee's became omnipresent at ARIZONA DAILY STAR 1978 This 1978 aerial photo shows El Con Mall, with Levy's department store, a longtime tenant, at lower left. as once -prominent retail stores began to fold across the country. Although the mall's future looked bleak, the owners didn't give up on it and embarked on a multimillion-dollar makeover to lure stores to the property. Beginning in the early 2000s, national retailers have been compromised by cyber intrusions from China. The cybersecurity firm Mandiant issued a report last year alleging links between a secret Chinese military unit and years of cyberattacks against U.S. companies. Monday's prosecution was announced on the heels of a separate worldwide operation over the weekend that resulted in the arrests of 97 people in 16 countries who are suspected of developing, distributing or using malicious software called BlackShades. The new indictment attempts to distinguish spying for national security purposes which the U.S. admits doing from economic espionage intended to gain commercial advantage for private companies or industries, which the U.S. denies it does. Classified documents disclosed by former National Security Agency analyst Edward Snowden have described aggressive U.S. efforts to eavesdrop on foreign communications that would be illegal in those countries. Unlike in some countries, there are no nationalized U.S. industries. American officials have flatly denied that the government spies on foreign companies and then hands over commercially valuable information to U.S. companies. In China, though, many companies are state owned, par- logical evidence for a link between automobiles and Legionnaires' disease by providing microbiological data on survival, presence and transmission of Legionella in washer fluid." The study is the first to find the bacteria Legionella in an automobile's washer fluid and aerosolized in the spray, Schwake said. The Legionella bacteria are found naturally in the environment, most commonly in water. They are associated with hot tubs and cooling towers found in large-scale air conditioners and are transmitted through a mist or vapor, not person to person. The airborne bacteria are contracted by inhaling small drops of contaminated water. Cases often in kid's birthdays and sporting events. Current flavors include sugar -free skinny berry, lemon, strawberry, pina-colada and the flavor of the month for May, orange dream. By the time the two slush entrepreneurs sold the business in 2006, they had 21 stores and a commissary where the food was prepared. They were on track to gross $20 million that last year, Irving told the Arizona Daily Star. CEO Foods, ownedby the O'Connor family, now operates the business and, other than expanding the number of stores and updating the look of some, has not tarn- L -6 " , 'bS'' ' j returned to the site , including Home Depot, Target, and, eventually, Walmart. Amos commended the previous owners for preserving the property and turning it around. "Not a lot of malls can make that successful transition," he said. Kroenke, whose estimat CHARLES DHARAPAK THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The indictments of the five Chinese military officials, some seen on wanted posters, are the first of their kind. ticularly those that supply the military. "These five people were just doing their jobs. It's just that we object to what their jobs are," said Mark Rasch, a former U.S. cybercrimes prosecutor. "We have tens of thousands of dedicated, hard-working Americans who are just doing their jobs, too." The indictment says that hackers, officers with the China's People's Liberation Army, stole proprietary information from the companies and the labor union, including design specification for Westinghouse pipes and pricing and strategy information from SolarWorld. Prosecutors say the hackers, working from a building in Shanghai, in some cases gained access to computer networks by sending emails to company employees that looked volve air conditioning and heating systems in buildings or public showers. The disease was named after an outbreak at a meeting of the American Legion in Philadelphia in 1976. Most of the people exposed don't become sick, the authors said. Those most at risk include the elderly, smokers and those with weakened immune systems, Schwake said. The researchers in the study first measured Legionella survival by growing samples of the bacteria in washer fluid in the lab. They then examined Legionella in washer fluid collected from school buses in central Arizona. They found that the amount of Legionella in the washer fluid was higher in v. l.: RON MEDVESCEK ARIZONA DAILY STAR Eegee's giving Tucsonans brain treezes lor 43 years. pered with the successful 43 years, formula. Eegee's freezing brains Contact reporter Tom Beal at and fueling soccer teams for tbealazstarnet.com or 573-4158. ed net worth is $5.6 billion, registered a limited liability corporation called TKG El Con Center last week with the Arizona Corporation Commission. Its parent company, TKG Management, is located in Columbia, Missouri. In addition to his NFL franchise, Kroenke owned the Denver Nuggets and Colorado Avalanche, but turned ownership over to his son when he became a majority partner with the Rams. NFL rules prohibit ownership of other major sports franchises. Kroenke also owns the English Soccer Club Arsenal and numerous real estate holdings. Kroenke is married to Walmart founder Sam Walton's niece, Ann Walton. Contact reporter Darren DaRon-co at 573-4243 or ddaronco azstarnet.com. Follow on Twitter DarrenDaRonco authentic but that actually contained a link to malicious code. The defendants are all believed to be in China, and it was unclear whether any might ever be turned over to the U.S. for prosecution. But the Justice Department, publicizing the charges, identified all five by name and issued wanted posters. "For the first time, we are exposing the faces and names behind the keyboards in Shanghai used to steal from American businesses," said John Carlin, the head of the Justice Department's National Security Division. The Chinese say that actually they are the ones who face a major threat from hackers, and the country's military is believed to be among the biggest targets of the NSA and U.S. Cyber Command. the summer than winter months. Researchers are working on a model to calculate the risk of Legionnaires' disease from windshield washer spray. Schwake said more data is needed before any safety precautions can be given. "We are exposed to an enormous number and variety of microbes every day from countless sources, the overwhelmingly vast majority of which are harmless," he said. "That being said, unknown sources of pathogen transmission certainly exist and need to be studied. Due to the sheer lack of data, I believe any study examining the relationship between Legionella and automobiles would be greatly useful." brain freezes Providing long-term care for family A new poll asked adults age 40 and older about their experiences giving long-term care to a relative or friend. More than half of Americans 40 or older have given long-term care to a relative or friend. The relationships between caregivers and recipients of care extend across generations and throughout the family. PERCENTAGE WHO HAVE PROVIDED CARE FOR THEIR... Mother Father Spousepartner Extended family Child Mother-in-law Grandparent Sibling Close friend Father-in-law Other 10 9 8 6 6 6 3 3 Overall, caregivers reflect positively on their experience providing ongoing living assistance to their friends and family, though it does take a toll on many relationships, particularly between spouses. CAREGIVERS' SPOUSE EXPERIENCE MOTHER FATHER PARTNER IN-LAW(S) Caregiving was a positive experience 80 88 70 81 Caused stress 53 m 62 M for family Was a burden on 2m 3m Am 26 personal finances MeeaWayfr0m 47 47 35 52 Weakened personal relationship with person you 9 7 19 6 were caring for 52014 SOURCE: AP-NORC Center for CAREGIVING Continued from Page Al Affairs Research. Here are four findings from the poll: EFFECT ON FAMILIES Half of people 40 and older already have been caregivers to relatives or friends. Six in 10 have provided care to a parent, mostly a mother, while 14 percent have cared for a spouse or partner. Overwhelmingly, caregivers called it a positive experience. But it's also incredibly difficult, especially for spouses. While 7 in 10 who cared for a spouse said their relationship grew stronger as a result, nearly two-thirds said it caused stress in their family, compared with about half among those who cared for a parent. It's not just an emotional challenge but a physical one : The average age of spouse caregivers was 67, compared with 58 for people who've cared for a parent. LONG-TERM PLANNING A third of Americans in this age group are deeply concerned that they won't plan enough for the care they'll need in their senior years, and that they'll burden their families. Yet two -thirds say they've done little or no planning. About 32 percent say they've set aside money to pay for ongoing living assistance; 28 percent have modified their home to make it easier to live in when they're older. In contrast, two -thirds have disclosed their funeral plans. SPONSOR 1 TUCSON IN 100 OBJECTS: MEMORY GAME Test your memory and relive recent "Tucson in 100 objects" articles with StarNet's photo memory game. Match photos of objects that scream Tucson. Photos are chosen randomly always two of each and more will be added as the series continues. There are easy, medium and expert levels, all of which you can play on any device, but levels below expert will appear better on phones and tablets. Play it at azstarnet.comgame 41 17 14 RECIPIENT OF CARE Public Affairs Research BECOMING A CAREGIVER Three in 10 Americans 40 and older think it's very likely that an older relative or friend will need care within the next five years. Just 30 percent who expect to provide that care feel very prepared for the job, while half say they're somewhat prepared. But only 40 percent have discussed their loved one's preferences for that assistance or where they want to live. Women are more likely than men to have had those tough conversations. WHAT DOES IT COST? Some 53 percent of people underestimate the monthly cost of a nursing home, about $6,900. Another third underestimate the cost of assisted living, about $3,400. One in 5 wrongly thought a home health aide costs less than $1,000 a month. Contrary to popular belief, Medicare doesn't pay for the most common long-term care and last year, a bipartisan commission appointed by Congress couldn't agree on how to finance those services, either. But nearly 6 in 10 Americans 40 and older support some type of government -administered long-term-care insurance program, a 7-point increase from last year's AP survey. The AP-NORC Center survey was conducted by telephone March 13 to April 23 among a random national sample of 1,419 adults age 40 or older, with funding from the SCAN Foundation. Results for the full survey have a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3.6 percentage points. i r

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