BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 62—NO. 242 BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS (72315) FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1967 14 PAGES 10 CENTS SIHANOUK SEEKS TALKS WITH U.S. ENVOY CAMBODIA TO BECOME BATTLE GROUND? By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent A threat of big-power conflict in Southeast Asia seems to be growing, and if it gets more serious it could bring about a new international conference. Soviet and Red Chinese statements predict escalation of the Vietnam war through U.S. invasion of Laos and Cambodia, as if reflecting fear this will happen. The United States deplores use of Cambodia by the Viet Cong as sanctuary from American pursuit. There are reports of a Communist buildup and increased activity in Laos. All this is familiar and ominous. The imminence of a big-power showdown had much to do with the convocation of an international conference five years ago on the Laotian situation'. It could happen again, perhaps this time including talks on the Vietnam struggle. The record indicates that the Laotian situation in the early 60s was so dangerous that a conference was the only safe way out. The alternative might have been a confrontation and even war among the big powers. A similar situation seems to be building up now. Though overshadowed by the magnitude of the Vietnam war to its east, Laos poses a smoldering danger of escalation. Students of Southeast Asian affairs speculate that Laos is so important that if there had been no war in Vietnam there surely would have been one in the neighbor state, possibly more perilous from the standpoint of international cofnplicatons. Laos is a gateway to Burma and Thailand and a potentil key to mastery of 11 Southeast Asia. In 1960, said a later British parliamentary review of Laos, "it was clear that the conflict could easily assume international dimensions and that decisive action must be taken to avert this danger." Laos demonstrated then that international action was possible, even though the whole story of the major powers' collaboration in Indochina was a study in frustration, and arrangements to deal with the dangers were so full of holes as to be nearly meaningless. Communist designs on all ol Indochina seemed clear at the time of the 1954 Geneva conference which partitioned Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh's North Vietnamese regime demanded recognition in Cambodia for the Communist-led "Free Khmer" forces and. in Laos for ttie Neo Lao Hak Xat, political arm of the Pathet Lao forces. The Geneva agreements required Ho's Viet Minh to withdraw from Laos. Pending settlement, the Pathet Lao was supposed to be restricted to two northern provinces, Phong Saly and Sam Neua. The United States and South Vietnam did not sign t'ne agreements. Hanoi did, on behalf of the Pathet Lao. The Communists chose to interpret the agreement as giving them exclusive control of the two provinces. They ignored a requirement to give free access there to the royal government. There were clashes with royal troops. By 1959, the situation was deteriorating rapidly. The Pathet Lao, backed by North Vietnam and Red China, began a terrorist campaign. Pathet Lao troops launched a civil war. See VIETNAM on Page 2 TAKE YOUR TIME—So far three people have passed out at the local State Revenue Office due to the crush of people waiting to purchase 1968 drivers license and auto tags. Motorists apparently don't realize they have the entire month of January to make their purchases, according to Director Otis Austin. This morning he not only asked that motorists take their time coming to his office, but when they get there, "please form two lines so that we can give faster service." The revenue office is poorly vented and the increased number of people apparently uses up much of the oxygen, he said, causing the less hearty to faint. (Courier News Photo) By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER AP Special Correspondent WASHINGTON (AP) - President Johnson is expected to accept promptly Prince Norodom Sihanouk's indirect suggestion i of U.S.-Cambodian talks over' ditional the issue of Communist Vietnamese use of Cambodia as a sanctuary. Cambodia's chief of state, de- ambodia's chief of sl,-e dateC scribing his country as "caught between the hammer and the anvil," said he would welcome an envoy from the President to discuss the situation. Speedy dispatch of such a U.S. spokesman appeared likely. Sihanouk's statements were published today in a copyrighted Washington Post slory based on his replies Thursday to questions posed by Post correspondent Stanley Karnow. from Red China and the Soviet He said he had learned the Union "in particular." "Pentagon is considering the He said Cambodia would not I employment of the Saigon army tolerate the crossing of its bor- j for eventual incursions into our ders by troops from South Viet-1 country." nam, which !ie called "our tra-1 Despite Sihanouk's expressed expansionist enemy.' • See U.S. on Page 2 ATLANTA, Ga. (AP) — The!lias been reported, but national National Communicable Disease health officials say pneumonia deaths are compiled with influenza deaths. Center reports outbreaks of Asian Flu and similar respira- In response to other questions i ' or y infections in 24 states and put by Karnow, in a cable, Si-1 the District of Columbia but j Asj ^ , hanouk said he would not inter- says the mortality rate does not appear to be unusually higher. Flu, 4-Day Shot as Acting Superintendent Murton to Try Prison Job By PETE YOUNG Associated Press Writer CUMMINS PRISON FARM, Ark. (AP)—The state Peniten- :iary Board consented Thursday to give Thomas 0. Murton what could amount to a four-day shot at running the Arkansas Prison System. In a surprise move, the board voted unanimously to make Murton acting prison superintendent when Supt. 0. E. Bis- hop's resignation fective becomes ef Dec. 31, but said it decide on a permanent r placement for Bishop Jan. 4. The board has sought to retain Bishop as superintendent and refused two weeks ago to approve Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller's nomination of Murton The board said it wanted a administrator for the job bul the governor said he would only approve of a penologist, be it Murton or not. Mrs. Whitner Rites Set The mother of F. W. Whitner, Mrs. E. E. Whitner of Memphis, died yesterday mornng. She was 97. Servccs wll be tomorrow at 2:30 p.m. at the Highland Street Christian Church in Memphis. Rev. William Campbell will officiate and burial will be in Memphis' Memorial Cemetery. She also leaves a daughter, Mrs. A. A. McAlpin, with whom she was living at the time of her death. Dateline — December 29~ ARKANSAS (AP)-Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller's inauguration as the first Republican governor in Arkansas in 94 years and his subsequent actions in office dominate Arkansas' top news stories of 1967 as selected by Associated Press newspaper and broadcast members in the state. The jailing of State Police Director Lynn A. Davis and the ruling by the Supreme Court that he was ineligible ran a close second to Rockefeller becoming governor. The top 10 stories chosen were: 1. Rockefeller becomes governor. 2. The jailing of Davis and the Supreme Court ruling. 3. The reports of brutal conditions in the state prison system and the subsequent reform movement. 4. The shutdown of gambling and mixed drinks in Hot Springs. 5. Former Gov. Orval E. Faubus' retirement to his mountain home. 6. The controversy between Rockefeller and the 1967 legislature. 7. The passage of the bill permitting casino-type gambling in Hot Springs and Rockefeller's veto of the measure. 8. Sen. J. William Fulbright's opposition to the Vietnam policies of President Johnson. 9. The 1967 session of the General Assembly. 10. Rockefeller's controversy with the State Game and Fish Commission and his attempt to remove some commissioners. STOCKHOLM (AP)—Four U.S. Navy deserters arrived today from Moscow to seek asylum in Sweden and declared they stand neutral between East and West and only want to work for peace. Asked why they had chosen to come to Sweden instead of staying in Russia where they went after jumping ship in Japan last October, Richard D. Bailey, speaking for the group, said: "We chose Sweden basically because it is neutral and the neutral line conforms with our views. We do not like politics and wanted to get away from ideologies East or West." SAIGON (AP) — U.S. Marines swept today through two fortified villages on coastal lowlands 20 miles south of Da Nang, where a helicopter assault had led them into a heavy firefighl with about 500 Communist troops. Rpeorts from the field said enemy resistance was light, a marked departure from the rain of fire that marked the Leathernecks' landing in a muddy rice paddy there Thursday. These accounts said 17 Marines and 37 of the enemy were killed that day. Thirty Marines wers wounded. I supported Murton and Rocke- The board said the matter | feller's only appointee, said that would be settled during the "" ' ' board's regular meeting Wednesday at Little Rock. Board member L.M. Green of Siloam Srpings indicated he the board "has indicated no change in attitude" toward Murton. Green said he realized that Murton was "definitely the gov- would consider resigning if thel ernor>s choice" and "unless another application from a penologist" is received, he said Murton would remain acting superintendent in charge of Cumnins. Green said later he was going to attempt to get the other board members to name Murton as full-time superintendent, i the situation developed into another controversy. "I could resign then, but I am not going to say now what I am going to do," Green said. matter were not cleared up Wednesday. Although the board said it would definitely name Bishop's successor next week, Green said no new applications had been recievcd for the position and that the board was not reconsidering previous applications. Only Murton and J.R. Price, ;he present assistant superintendent at Cummins, have openly applied for the job. The board apparently passed Price's application. John Kaley vene militarily to stop U.S. troops from entering certain sections of Cambodia in so- called hot pursuit of North Vietnamese or Viet Cong forces. U.S. officials were reported surprised and pleased with this statement, which came only a week after the prince spurned a U.S. bid for joint efforts to stop Vietnamese Communist use of neighboring Cambodia as sanctuary. At that time, Sihanouk denounced the United States and es are attributed to which swept the in February 19G6 | West Coast j and the eastern parts of lhe na- New York City health officials j lion in lhe winter o[ 1%5 said the death rate there is, higher than usual. There were 100 such deaths for .the week The CDC said this strain of flu has changed slightly and will be New Yo zone for deaths from influenza and pneumonia for the week in the state is 88. ir ^ different in current epidemics. !changed each year by their all but branded it an aggressor in Southeast Asia. Speculation Was Johnson most likely would send Averell Harriman, U.S. ambassador-at-large, to talk with Sihanouk. In the interview, Sihanouk made clear he also would welcome Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield, whom he described as a "just and courageous man..." But he said if large Communist units are in fact entering Cambodia "and if limited combat breaks out between Amer- can and Vietnamese forces, both illegally in Cambodia, it goes without saying that we would not intervene militarily." While stating he wouldn't send Cambodian forces against troops crossing his border in hot It is difficult, health officials a say, to measure the seriousness of the outbreaks throughout the nation because schools are closed during the holidays. Schools usually are the best manufacturers. means of determining the rate of absenteeism. The virus appears to be relatively mild in most instances, but health officials say this creates a problem. Burns Prove Fatal To •Year-Old A 6-year-old Luxora boy died "Most of the cases are so| !asl ni S ht in Memphis' Metho- mild that people simply won't dlst H ° s P' lal as the result of •o to bed" said Dr John E.' burns he received at his home McCroan of the Georgia Health || Dec ; Department. "They are vis around, spreading the bug around." •alking l| Mon 'y Kelley, one of 11 chil- An estimated 15,000 been reported in cases North Georgia with most of them in Metropolitan Atlanta. Documentation of Asian Flu las been made in Michigan, ? lorida, New Jersey, Alabama, New York, Oklahoma, Illinois, pursuit actions, Sihanouk add- [Kansas, Iowa and Georgia, the ed: of Little Rock, only board member who has Paul Whiten Dies at 76 "However, if serious incursions or bombings are committed against our border regions inhabited by Cambodians If Green does resign, Hocke-! decla , re very clearly that we feller probably could finalize' would not llesltate to strlke hack Murton's appointment as super-j as strongly as possible with air- . . . -. . .. fraff fanlrc unrl infontt.ii " inlendent Jan. 14, when the term of R.E. Jeter of VVabbas- heka expires. This would give the governor three appointees on the five-man board. Murton said the board's ac- 'lion was superflouous and that ihe would have taken over at DOYLESTOWN, Pa. AP) -_ ICummins Monday whether the Famed bandleader Paul White- board had a PP° lnted hlm or craft, tanks and infantry." And in the case of aggression, he said, Cambodia would demand increased military ajd CDC says. Probable Asian Flu has been reported in Indiana, Virginia, Wisconsin, Louisiana and Missouri and possible Asian Flu has been noted in Ohio, •dren of Mr. and Mrs. Ozell Kel;ley, was critically burned when 'his family's living room stove ^xploded after someone threw jkerosene into it, trying to get la fire started. When hospitalized he was given a 50-50 chance of living. Born at Osceola, he had lived in Luxora all hii life. fn addition to his parents he leaves two sisters, Sharon Kay Kelley and Evelyn Marie Kelley both of the home; And eight brothers, Jackie, Glenn, Robert Lee, James Richard, Rodney Joe, Ozell Jr., Jim- South Carolina and the District of Columbia. Maryland, Mississippi, Tennes- m y and Franklin Kelley, all of see, Arkansas, Pennsylvania, t ne home. Nebraska, North Carolina, Services will be 10 a.m. Saturday in Cobb Funeral Home chapel, Rev. Paul Kirkindall Some increase in pneumonia ^officiating. Burial will be in and other respiratory diseases ilElmwood Cemetery. man, the "King of Jazz," died today apparently of a heart attack. He was 76. not. "I really don't know what could be accomplished on the m , . . . , . 4th that couldn't be accomplish- The musician was rusned to ^ sajd „,„'„.„„ Doylestown Hospital about 4:30 a.m. after he was stricken in his home near this Bucks County town 25 miles northeast of Philadelphia. Whiteman was considered the dean of modern American mus- c and, the man who first com- >ined classical music with jazz. He commissioned George Gershwin to compose "Rhapsody in Blue" and conducted it in .924 in the first jazz concert ever given. He also introduced r erde Grofe's "Grand Canyon Suite." His recording of "Three o'clock in the Morning" sold 3 million copies. Whiteman, known to his associates as "Pops," directed such musical stars as Bing Crosby, Dorsey, to the board's statement that a replacement for Bishop would be considered at its Jan. 4 board meeting in Little Rock. The board also said that it didn't expect any trouble during the transition period because it said changes had already been made at Cummins comparable to those by Murton at Tucker. When questioned about a State Police alert Wednesday for the possibility of trouble at Cummins, Green said the board readily admitted that the prison system was "in a very sensi- Tommy and Jimmy Morton Downey and Benny Goodman when his band was the. most popular in the country between World War I and World War II. He remained devoted to all kinds of music to the very end. "I don't think you have fx> live in one. groove all the time," he said recently. "If it's well done, it's well done, no matter what kind it is," live position," board was not but that aware of alert nor had it asked for it. It that was some learned, however, of the free-world personnel at Cummins have removed their families from the farm, and several trustys said they expected some trouble when Murton arrived. Bishop, when asked if he would return to Cummins if Murton had trouble, said, "I think Murton will be able to handle the job." The board granted Bishop a See PRISON on Page t Address Evo Moses' Pro In other years, Arkansas civic, problems at length. His answers club members could look for-i are about the same as those es ward to at least a biennial visit from C. Hamilton Moses, the first prophet of the Arkansas Which was to be. Moses was Dixie's answer to Charles Laughton and Will Rogers. He was president of Arkansas Power and Light Company and he: 1. Sold Arkansas to the mortgage bankers in the east and 2. Sold Arkansas to the Arkies. He brought messages of hope,; of concern, of the need for education and g e n e r a 1 internal improvement. Yesterday's meeting nf Blytheville Rotary Club found Frank Whitheck filling tbe shoes of the late Ham Moses. The Little Rock insurance executive exhibited the same skill Moses had for looking at. the state objectively. Whitbeck is a doer and a thinker. He has dwelled on slate supplied by most thinkers. They include: 1. Continued and renewed °m- phasis on education; 2. Use of the state's credit potential to "accomplish those things which business can't do and which the state can't handle without the great leverage of credit." 3. Internal development; i. e. enhancing the growth of existing Arkansas industries and institutions. * * * Whitbeck called for Arkansas to closely identify with America. "We can't disassociate ourselves from the nation. We must tie on to the mainstream of national thought a,id life." Whitbeck expressed concern about what he termed "t h e state's loss of momentum." Arkansas has failed to maintain its pace of industrial growth, h* said.. _ _. "We are not going anywhere without an enlightened citizenry. How can you float an industrial bond issue if people don't understand what such an issue involves?" This, again, led him to remark on the state's pressing educational need. * * * Generally, however, Whitbeck struck optimistic notes. Arkansas, he said, is awara of what it takes to "work together to promote the common good." He was introduced by Rotarian Charles Crigger. Weather Forecast Cloudy to partly chudy and continued cold through Saturday with a chance of light snow north and rain or snow south portions Saturday possibly beginning northwest tonight. Low tonight 22-32.
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