The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 12, 1944 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Save Wosfe Pap*,/ It is vo/uofe/e |. ifc. War f Jforf / Wafc* rtis paper tor Collection Dateif BLYTHEVILLE COURIER *"=• Ttt« TWk*TMA MM »»«. . ^^ «^fc- ^ r *^k.A_^^L V VOL. XLI—NO. 124 Courtar Newt Blvlbe»Ule Herald Mississippi valley Le«d«r OOMimiT MWBPAPBi O, NOHTHEABTAHKANaAaD UI88OUHI _HM"rmwiU.lS, ARKANSAS, SATUUIMY, AUGUST 12, I<J-M SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS U ^^ ^_ ^^ — — o»MUL,mjuf iKBytyK CENTS • ^UFORCBDRIVE TOWARD BORDEAUX TODAY'S WAR ANALYSIS— Nazis Stand Chance To Lose Rich Silesia Territory By JAMES HAKPF.R United Press Staff Writer Silesia has slipped into its ancient role as a prize of war i'or centuries, armies have battled for the liny chunk of east-ecu ra] Europe which u about twice Uio size' of Massachusetts. The reason is simple. Into its 17,000 smiare miles is packed one of the world's palest concentrations of mines and industries. Silesia literally is Germany's Ruhr Valley number two. Russian troops ballooning out*— —__^_ their bridgehead across the Vistula river, are within an hour's blow automobile drive of its border. Once they overrun the region, they will have deprived Germany of Its second greatest single source of finished war materials Silesia Is checkered with some of the earth's finest coal fields. From its rich soil comes iron, zinc and r jead. Spotted over its Ihlckly-pop- iilatert area are metallurgical works, chemical plant, 1 ; nnd armament factories. Criss-crossing the region is n thick web of roads and rail lines. Through it winds one of Europe's great waterways, the 500- mile Oder river. Rising in the Sudeten ranges of upper Silesia. It washes through eastern Germany nnd spills Into the Baltic Sea. Part of Three sNations When Russian soldiers finally liberate Silesia, they will liberate parts of three nations. Before the Germans swept over the whole area hi 1939, Silesia was made up of the southeast tip of Prussia, a part of the southwest comer of Poland and a section ot northern Czechoslovakia . Germany and Austria fought Official Count Of Votes Made Ballots Canvassed By Committee In • Osceola Yesterday Tlie official results of the primary election Aug. 8, as canvassed by the Mississippi County Democratic Committee yesterday In Oscmln, were certified today h> the secretary and treasurer of the Committee, which was In charge of the election. The official count varied R; much as 200 votes In some instances from the unofficial count released Wednesday, which was Incomplete with two boxes out nl the time of tabulation. The official count showed the following results: Senator: J. W 4,161—Homer Adklns, 2.- vi.» mo tij mill n lib 111H lUU^Lll* . —•*-.. VJ^ILHIAJI , u. w three 18th century wars for Silesia. ^'""S'lt, 4,161—Homer Adklns, 2.- And by 1914. the Germans owned I' 13 ' s "P r eme Court Justice, Minor roughly seven-eighths of the terrl-! Milhvcc - 3 . 915—Lawrence Auten tOrV Affnr tYtfl ft rut nl^Knl -Ci 2 ^1^" r!nn^ml+ + ru\nr».Tr,nn •»*• Tn tory. Alter the first global struggle, the Allies re-drew the map of Europe. They stripped Austria of Its portion, gave parts to the neophyte nation of Czechoslovakia and: .parts, to ..rc-tyiftipojaiyl.. For some reason;, the••'statesmen who re-apportioned the world let 2,513; Committeewoman, Mrs. E. W. Frost, 3,076 Mrs. Jack Carnes 3.365; Prosecuting Attorney, Marcus Fietz, 3,026—James Hale, 3,765; State Representative. B. C. Pleeman, 3,512—Lucien Coleman, 3026 County Judge, Dwfgh't '• Blnck%ood' 2,233—Roland Greene, 4,664; Sher- •• ------- ~" ""- >iunu IL-U t.a.ja — nucule] uree Germany keep most of iteSilesten i iff, Haie.Jack.son, 3907-W W ^ 1 SS '. , ncludln e "wcr Silesia. "Buddy" WaUon, 3,03 Treasurer like East Prussia, lower Silesia had Miss Delia Purllc 5027 ' the lion's share of upper Silesia , Ses'sl DownW Territory Divided Summing up, then, here is the wa v the Allies divided up the rich territory nfter the last war; upper Silesia—the greatest share to Germany, a smaller share to Poland, a still smaller share to Czechoslovakia. Lower Silesia, all to Germany Former Austrian Silesia—almost all to Czechoslovakia, a tiny block to Poland. Tlie area proved a god-send to the mineral-poor nations of Poland nnd CMchoslovakin. The Czechs. for instance, got three-fourths of their coal from Silesia. Poland, with .Its fillesian coal, iron, zinc and -lead, had enough left over after ,*Mls own use to build up a sizeable v" export trade. Coal produced on the Polish sitle of the frontier ran to about 40 million Ions ,1 vear. It was peddled to fuel-short nations from Scandinavia i o the Balkans. But during the uneasy intermission between wars, Germans'—with Us vast capacity for self-sympathy —tow the worm that it should have all of Silesia. Poland and Czcchos- , g Commltteemen were elected, John Bearden, Nelson Henry, T. O. Wil- klns, O. J. Moore, Earl Fields and L. C. Pierce. In Whitton Township, the following Commltteemen were elected: P. B. Dean and George Looney. In Half Mcon Township, R. u Story and L. S. Hodge were elect. There were no other contests for Committcemcn. In the only Constable race in the County In Little River Township, R. P. Kennedy defeated Woodrow Crick. The following were named as delegates to tlie Stale Convention for the Democratic party, which will be held sometime in December at cither Little Rock or Hot Springs, the time and place to be specified by the state Central Committee. From the Chlckasawba District' W. J. Wundcrllch. Bob David, J. Louis Cherry, Clarence Wilson E R. Jackson, H. C. Knappenberger, mi OL onesia. Poland and Czcchos- "• »>"-*<>""• ". <->. Knappenberger, lovakia fell to quarreling over a E - c - Fleeman, Jesse Taylor, Roscoc part of formrr AH..I,;.,,, c-n-,1., Craflon. Russell PMllInc T. n part of former Austrian Silesia. And, when Munich turned Czechoslovakia over to Germany. Poland gobbled up the disputed terrllory. * year later Poland itself was gobbled up by Germany which also took over all of Silesia. The terrl- lory proved a windfall to the Reich when bombs began raining on the west. It became a working substitute for the Ruhr valley The presence of great coal veins supported such heavy Induslries as Ihe manufacture of arms, rail equipment and synlhctlc petroleum Soon Silesia will become, Instead of a theater of war industry, a threat of war. Germany will not only be deprived or tne arms Silesia produces. It will be deprived of Silesia. From the Osceola District:' Joe Miller, John Grain, s. L. Gladlsh, Ruins Branch, Hale Jackson, Bruce Ivy, Ben Butler, J. B. Bunn. Harold Ohlpndorf, Emmet Chllds, Roy Yclvlngton, Steve Ralph, Lloyd Godley. In the choosing of delegates Jor the Democratic Central Commillec, it is customary for the delegation to be divided, wllh half of the members from North Mississippi County, and he ohcr half representing the southern part of the counly, Jesse Taylor, Committee chairman, pointed out. New York Stocks AT&T , 162 Amcr Tobacco 71 Anaconda Copper 26 Beth Steel 62 Chrysler 91 Gen Electric 38 Gen Motors 62 Montgomery Ward ' 48 N Y Central 20 Republic Steel 19 Studebaker IB Standard of N J '.'. 55 Texas Corp ... 47 U S Steel ^. 59 Chicago Wheat open high Ibw close pr.cl. Sept. . 153% 153ii 153U 153V. 153-X fee. , 153K 1S4H 153W 153& 153?i L. H. , . . Autry, W. H. Brown, T. O. W Ilk Ins Ed Cook, Fred Saliba and H. Hlgh- County School Officials To Attend Conference W. B. Nicholson, superintendent of the public schools in Blytheville. P. J. Deere, connly supervisor of schools, and Dean Wlillesidc. superintendent of the schools in Osceola, left this afternoon for Conway, Ark., to atten d a Stale School Administrators Conference, scheduled to begin there tomorrow night. An annual affair, the conference Is being held under the direction of the state Department of Education, and will continue through Tuesday of next week. Weather AUKANSAS-Partly cloudy this afternoon, tcntjht and Sunday. Nazis Pull Out As Eighth Army Takes Florence Two Weeks of Siege Ends As Defenders Move Northward K, Aug. 12. (UP)-Thc Bilt- blglilh Army has captured Florence. The city, ancient treasure house of iia I Ian renaissance nil. fell Inlo Allied hands as (i, c Gcrinuns withdrew lo new positions northward n»K ends a siege that started Uvo weeks ago. The British ElRhlh Army troops In force have not yet crossed the Arno river, which cuts tlic cllv In Half. However. Allied military government officers have movcil Inlo the northern part of Florence nnd started administering relief to t civilian population. The water situation In Florence? became critical several days ago when the Germans blew up a power station used to pump iimln supplies to the city. And those lucky ones who hnvc water are scllhiK it at a dollar a bottle. The past two nights the Germans have been withdrawing their main forces from Florence to a new line nortli of Mugnonc cnnal. which runs through the northern outskirts of the city. However, enemy snipers still fire active in the northern part. Florence had a pre-war population of about 250,000. and about 100 000 civilians were reported still within its gates when tlie British drove tlie Germans back of the Arno and started jockeying for positions to take the city without resorting to artillery- fire which would damage Its priceless art treasures. Prime Minister Churchill, w!io K paying Ins lirst wartime visit to Italy,- Is expected lo confer soon with General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, supreme Allied commandei In the Mediterranean, and General Sir Harold Alexander, Allied commander for Italy. Arkansas Briefs CAMI)E\. — Plans are being made for a lien I.aney cclcbra- alon at Camdcn in honor of tlie Democratic nominee for tiover- nor. Garland Jliirl, head of tlio Ouachita l}cn I.aney Club, is in charge of details. The Polk County Ohl Settlers reunion will again be held .this year. The reunion, which had been discontinued for two years, will be resumed this summer. Reunion Chairman J. H. Allen says the dale has been set for Aug. Ig and J9. Featuring the two-day moci- Inc will he. speaking, old time sfnjlns and a basket dinner on the grounds. PINE BLUFF.—A recount of election votes in Tuesday's primary is responsible for the announcement (hat Wiley C. Koun- Ircc has been declared the nominee for Jefferson County Judge. Secretary Gilliam I.awlon of the Dcmocra.'.io County Committee says Kountrco filed a. request for the recount, ami defeated the. incumbent Judge James J. iUc- Gailffhy by 10 va'cs. MTTl.E ROCK.—The Arkansas Parole Office has revoked the parole of Arthur Smith, who was sentenced May 1, loll, to six years from Polk County on .1 charge of grand larceny and forgery. Stale Parole Officer J. S. Pollard says Smith's parole was revoked because of misconduct and refusal (o work. He was paroled April 5 of this year. HARRISON. — A Kcjniblir.in rally for the Third Congressional District will he held at Harrison Aug. 24. Attending; the. polili cal Rcl-tofrcthcr will be Harvey Stump, Republican candidate for governor; Victor Wade, GOP candidate for IJ. S. Senator; and Wallace Townsend. National Committeeman. The arrangements committee Is cnmposcd 0 fH'. It. ft); chairman, W. T. Bradley, A. 1). Bccne, Aubrey Hickcnbotlom, John Gubbs, and S. B. Cecil, all of Harrison. Livestock ST. LOUIS, Aug. 12 <UP)_ Hog receipt 1,600 head, <vlth 600 salable. Top 150-240 pounds 14.70; sows 13,SO. Cattle 1,100, with 100 salable 100 calves, none salable. Bulks for M , m j» ctl 1'carlings and heifers 50-18.SO, cows 8.50-11.00; canncrs and cutters 5.50-8 00 New York Cotton Mar. . 209V 2106 2092 MS 200S May . 2076 2086 2072 2075 2077 July . 2054 2M4 2050 20M 2054 Oct. • 2137 2144 2128 2134 2135 Dec. . 2118 21J7 2113 2US 2118 Jungle Fighting in Brittany . , "•* •---'-•— ""•.v.wj'SM-j.ij ..* : J ***,;Lj\*» - 'jL; j y li ^:,-,^^' -t:;-j'. • American soldiers nrc piclurM as "jun,!lc lighters" clnrinK n>op,>in K tin of Germim sulpera In w,, 0 ds outadc « -c™l.ured town. Civilians in the phnio ,,,-e French ,'mlor«rom! .-, 1 oT s w _..,. luivc aivcn gi'(!iil nld lo Amorlciinii In (tin Hrltliiny (.•niniiiilun. Defense Plans Interest Tokyo Jap Cabinet Studies Home Defense Setup; F.D.R. To Broadcast lly Hulled I'rc.ss The increnshig blows agalnsl the Japanese apparently hnvc Tokyo df- flciiils Bi-opitiB for n« Improved honiu defense setup. Radio Tokyo says a special cabinet mceliiiK has been studying new air raid and other home defenses. Home Minister Odachi is (|uotctl as Buying lie lias a plan Hint alms at the perfect defense of Japan. The enemy jitters came at the lime Ihls-niition Is awaiting PresU dent Rooscvcil's report ot his recent tour of Hawaii nnd the Aleu- tinns tonight at 7 o'clock Ctfnlral War Time, over al! major networks. He will speak from the Bjcmcrton, Wash., Navy yard. The address Is expected to give a general Idea of whnt's in store for the enemy from now on out. Roosevelt's trip is looked upon by some Washington observers sis a possible forerunner of another con- Icrcnce between the President and Prime Minister Churchill, this time on Pacific strategy. As for current operations iifjimist Japan, intense aerial campaigns apparently have been stepped ii| against two important enemy targets. Army Liberators from bases In tlie Marianas have carried out, the first heavy raid on tlie Vnlcnno Islands 750 miles south of Tokyo Forty-seven tons of bombs were dropped on airdromes at Iwo Jlnm largest of the Volcano group guarding tlie approach lo Japan's homeland. Hnlmnhcro. the stepping stone between New Guinea and the Philippines also has been battered again. On the Indian side of the Burma frontier, Allied troops have occupied the last large village on the TOdfm road. Mopping up now is going on around Hcnglam, unly seven miles above the Burma border. The steady drive southward in the Manlpur valley lias nearly completed one of tlie Allied campaigns to clear the enemy from eastern India. In China's Hunan province, Allied bombers have hammered Clinngsha. Huge explosions were touched oil at the key railway junction. South of Changsha, enemy accounts say thai 20 Amsrlcan otfi- ccrs were taken prisoner in llir recent Japanese capture of Ueng- y.ing. No other details were given In the dispatch which was n German Trnnsocean news agency rc- l»rt from Tokyo. Riverman Is Beaten To Death; Two Suspects Are Questioned The l.wl(oral body of Uhie l.cc Hciidon, <ia-ycnr-oltl fish erni.-iii of near Osccaln, WHS round lute Thursday nflentoon on iinltcc Mar, across Uio Mississippi River'from Sana I he nifin had been t'.lubliwl to death, officer '' Cotton Opening In This Section, Farmers Report Two farmers of near Blylhcvllle claimed the credit this mornlns of laving the first opou bolls of cotton reported In North Mississippi "otmty. Roland Howard, who fsirnis one- ami one-half miles east of Ysubro, said that about one-third of his 50 acres of DP and L 14 variety cotton is opened. His father-tn-lnw, J. H. Young, on whose hud the cotton was grown, brought n stalk of the open cotton to the Courier News office Ibis morning. 'Hie cotton was planted last April. Another cotton boll was brought n by D. S. Hay, who farms one nilc south of Blylhcvllle. About live weeks ago Mr. Hays, who operates the Blythevllle Curb Market, jrought In the first developed colon boll to be reported. The variety of his cotton Is Stonewall 2 B. ""lanted May 1, the cotton Is Just uglnnlng to onen, Mr. flay re- >ortcd. He noticed Ihc first open coll Thursday. Bolli men said that they exacted to sturt picking In about two weeks. Hllitcy, 'i'cnn.. officers loday held *a suspect whom they said admitted the sluylni;. Mississippi County ol- llccrs learned only that the SUB- licet was a farmer named Grays who lived on Ihe Hurry Urlnklcy limn at Crnlclier Lake, ncor Hipley. Osixoln officers tixliiv hud In custody John Grace, nf near Sun: Soncl, for questioning in connection with the fatal beating of lion don. Officers said that the Clrncc man was arrested al his home'-whllo he wa.s washing sonic hlund'sUihietl clothes, and that he was skinivd nnd cluihcrf-ln dirty uiid blootiy Hnrmenls. Dupntj DHVII Young nnd Jiuncs Driver were InvcsliKiilliig officers. Rlpley officers arc expected It arrive Monday tn mirsUon Grace. The body of lh» victim was fount near the eilse ol the water on the bank of the rivei by Dan Moore, a farmer who lives near the rivci on the Tejitipssa,' side:. liendcm wns employed hy the government us n Biiuge tender on the river. Unmarried, he lived near the river. A resident of this section for 27 years, he came hero from Plilln- dclphl.-i, Ate., ii'licrc he WHS born and reared. He leaves his fnllicr, Will Hcndr.i 1 . of Phllnilclphla; nls imnlicr, Mrs W. E. Williams of Osceola; three brothers, John llcntlon of Kclscr, and D. H. Hemlon and Woodrow Hentlon, both of Osccnlu, and n sls- ler, Mrs. W. T. Howcll of Osceola, Funeral services were held at t o'clock this afternoon at Erincn Cemetery at Osccola wllh the Hcv. lj. T. Ijuwrencc. psislor of Ihc Presbyterian Church, ofllclathiK. Active pallbearers were S. T. Kcl- flnytnn, Douglas Kdrlnglon. E. I Bradley, Doyle Terry, H. A. KIs- Kell. nnd Kddlc Sheldon. Swift Funeral Home of Oscpola was in charge of arrangements. Illness Is Fats! To W. J, Phi Resident of Osceola Dies Here Yesterday Rites At Kennett William .Jackson Phillips of Os- ceoln. died al WO o'clock yesterday afternoon at Walls Hnspllal where he was Admitted Wednesday. Mr. Phillips, 38, had been III for rep weeks. Manager of Ihc Twin Gables Cafe In Osceola. Mr, Phillips had made his homo (here since February. He moved to Osceola from KcnncU, Mo., where he was born and reared. He was Ihc son of Iho late W. J. Phillips Sr.. and Mrs. Phillips, pointer residents of Kcnnell. He leaves his wife; n daughter. Margaret, age eight; his mother of Kennetl. three brothers, Herslicll Phillips and Paul Phillips of Ken- netl. and Oscar Phillips of -St. Louis; three sisters. Mrs. Minnie Jenkins of lirnEqartocIo. Mo.. Mrs Van Cash of Frankfort. III.,' and Mrs. Delmar Doghcrly of I.os An- les, Calif. Funeral arrangements, in charge of Lent?. Funeral Home of Kennett, were Incomplete this morning pcnd- In? arrival of relatives. Services will probably be held Monday at the Kennett Baptist Church. C/inie VW//Open MANILA, Aug. 11.—Monday will nark the opening of a new medical clinic here by Dr. V. H. Fox. The eleven-room clinic features .wo wards, operating, room, laboratory tooms and doctor's offices, and Is located In n new building, Business Firms lo Face Charges Six Arkansas Firms , Accused OF Violating OPA Regulations ' • . The OI'A has filed six' sull-i In Unilcd Stiilos Dislilct Court at f^ Smith. IIol Springs and Tcxnrkana sceklns Judgment from Arkansas business firms tor alleged vlolnllon of OI'A rcjnilnllons. , The rationing ngcncy Is asking fliiwn dnnmges from rnrnnin Mills lit Delaware, Logan County, for alleged overcharging an ( | iipgrndlug In lumber sales. The Alston Lumber Compnny of Mulberry Is nlso clmrged with iipgnidlng nnd -overcharging. Oils Phillips or Waterloo, Nevada Couniy, is charged hy the OPA with failure to stamp proper grades on incut sold to south Arkansas relnllcrs. V. B. Kellli and Marvin Keith, operators of a grocery More near Hot Springs, have been charged with failure to nc«t celling prices on merchandise. And Bmanucl Mny- cr of the Famous Store, Clarksvlllc, , Is charged with selling shoes out receiving rallon coupons and friilurc lo mnlnlnln proper records, The OPA Is asking an Injunction lo prevent ValHc Stanley of Hot Springs from oblalnlng gasoline for use In nil niitainolitlc which II says I'.R does nol own. Sergt. Allison Reported Dead On Battle Front Relatives In nlythcvlllc yesterday were notified of the death In France on June 7 of Scrgt, John Allison, son of Dr. and Mrs. Illythe Allison of Chicago, and grandson of J. l>. Allison of mylhcvllle. Scrjwsml Allison, who wns 23, was well known here where he allcndcil f.'cliool for two years while making Ills home with his grandfather. A member of Ihe Knglnccrliii! Corps, Sergeant Allison had been In England since November, lils family previously had been notified that he was missing In action as of June 7, but yesterday wer c Informed by Ihc War Dcparlment ol his death. He was a graduate of University of Nevada, where lie studied forestry. Scrscanl Allison Is survived by hl.s wife, who Is making her home In ChicdRo with her parents his parents. Dr. ami Mrs. Allison, and one brolher, Thomas, all of Chl- car,n, and a sister. Mrs. G. J. Bells o! Sun Antonio, Texas. Missourian Missing CAUtmiEIiSVILLE, MO.—Mrs. Grace VanClcve has been notified by the War Department that her grandson, staff Sergt, Joe VanCleve, Is listed a.s missing in action since July 6. Sergeant VanClevc, who had been overseas since May, wrote hts ;rnndmotlier June 26 that he was in the Invasion of France and enclosed two pieces of D-Day parachutes, one camouflaged and tlie Uher white. Chicago Rye open high low close pr.cl, l, . 103'/i 104 102'.i 102-n 103V'i Dec, , 103X 104V, 102H 103H 103« Spearheads Reported Across Loire River; May Sever Rail Line . LONDON, AUK. 12 (U.l'.)-Ainericiin spearheads hi Hn liny have crowed Iho l,«irc river in a sn ashing'drive on 1-Viinco'B port of Konlcmix. The Yanks moved ton miles .south of the Loire toward thojfiOHl Atlantic port, Imt they may suddenly wheel northeast ward totfai'd Pans along the Loire's soul! bank In hh way, they could cut behind (ho I'ari.s-O.'leans railway lino! The vast encirclement drive of tin ,llr Late Buljetins LONDON, Awfc. IK. (UI' flfct of United Hl.-ilcs Hfli Kami FlyliiR fortresses Imiuli (icriiuin ulrdroirte at Tinilnusn In southern t'ranro tnilay on (he dual If u of a triangular shuttle. llljjM Unit carried tllfftl from, KnRliind lo Itu.wla lo miy and haik to llrltnln. •:.•, SIIAWNKKTOVVN, III,. ,»ue 12 (W'i-SJicrm \\. c. Noye wy.s Ituil 10 persons trcrc Mllcd, seven of them children, uln-n a gasoline Klimien tank r.X|ilniteit lust nlichl In Old Slmwncctinvn. The Wnsl wreckrrl tlie linme nf .lospiih llyilfr, walchmrtn for the Wulwsh Vnllc) 1 Compnny farm co-nncrnUve Knsnllnc stcrafc phini, Sill'llKMF,' llkAIX!U/»HTKl{S, AKK, Aug. la.(lir)—American trootw hnvc c*'pliirc(l f>m more (itrman prisoners In France dur- ins (he Z4 hours ended at midnight Thimdny. •'. ROMIi. AUf. U m.l 1 .) _ The cnmmanrter ot;lh« Unltfd States Army Services at ^Supply. I.icu- t*naiit Cltncriil Brclmn. H. Homei Vfll, iiiid ^l/ridersccrcttiry; of \Vnr ..PiljlBrsop. h»i>\^itrrlvcil h'r'Uiily. They, will VlSijicnt.,military in- DKTItOM', AMR. 'l2 ,• (tl.K) - Slrlki'.s at |ho nrlBJH Mmiufno- liirlns Company's i)u\tr Drive plant have votctl l lo trc.siime work Monday, Slovakia Under Military Rule Germans Take Stern Measures To Prevent Acts Of Sabotage MOSCOW. Aug. 12 (UP) — The Germans have proclaimed marllnl Inw throughout their puppet stale of Slovakia. A German news agency sny.s powerful Russian forces arc within 17 miles of Slovakia's northeiwlcrn border, after driving lliroueh Ihe CnrpHtlitnii mountain passes. 'Hie decree establishing mnrllal law was Issued by the Slovak cabinet tills morning. H Invokes the death pcnulty for acts of sabotage »i'd for wlmt It calls revolutionary activities. 'Ihc Russians arc driving Into Latvia and fclonla in n campaign lo destroy 1111 estimated 300.000 German troops Irappcd against the Bnlllc Sea. In Southern Estonia, troops of the Soviet Third Baltic Army have advanced 15 miles aflcr breaking through the main German defense line. Sweeping toward the Baltic Sen on a 45-inllc front, the Russians have captured JOO towns and villages. Russia's Scram) Bailie Army hns hammered Inlo the soulhc.istcrn corner of Die German pocket In Latvia. In an advance southeast of Riga, the niisslans have driven encircled German forces back six nilles. On the approaches to East Prus- sl.i. another Russian Army has scored a nine-mile advance toward the German fortress of Lyck. Tlie offensive, fllalystok . moving northwest from In Poland, has reached wllhln 15 miles of the southeast corner of East Prussia. To the south above; Warsaw. Russian forces have gained up to six miles in a drive which threatens to outflank the Polish capital from the northwest. The Russians are reported to have Inflicted heavy losses on several Elite divisions. Within Warsaw are said to have 1 cohnlcr-altack nf,- lu the Slawki sect dorground communique says Ihe „„ .. Polish fighters were subjccled to an * crslt * Intense artillery bombardment by „ c , uss . the Germans. But their command- "Bamst er, General Bor, says German losses are Increasing while Nazi aitacks arc becoming loss violent. N. 0. Cotton Mar. . 2100 May . 2080 July . 2058 Oct. . 2130 Dec, , 21M 2106 2087 2062 2145 2094 2074 2040 2134 3115 American First and nrlllsli Second armies In Normandy .Is progressing.- General liradlcy's men iiro llirust- I»K rupldly norlh tram to Man-, Hiidlo Algiers claims the push al- •"•mly lins carried through Alencon, miles above Lo Mans, to within miles due south of Falatsc. Fa- Inlsc Is under illrcct assault by Brit- '"h nnd Canadian forces in Nor- mntly. A Gerniun comiminliiue declares reinforced American unlus'ure nt- leinpllng lo Jab throng)! the Alen- con nrcn Into Hie rear of Ihe main Niwl po.slllons. Hwiys heavy fighting" Is, now rnfjlng for Alencon. Von Klusc.Retreats The Nazis apparently hrc trying to pull out of theldcvcloplng Allied . lmi> In Normandy. Cicneral Von Kluge's; iirmy h retreating rapidly in the fnco of, slcppcd-up Allied at- lacks nil siroimd tlie rim ot the< Normnndy pocket. At the base of Ihc pocket, some •H miles behind the Aloncon-Fnlalse line, Yiuik columns re-captured the key stronghold of Mortuln. They won tho town alter breaking a German counter-assault In n. week-long BOC-SIIW biittlb. It was the nflh llmo Morluln had changed-hands.- In the Oach area, tJrillsh patrols speiircd out from lhe|r, bridgehead across ! the Oriie rlvur. They united wilh Canadian forces ut -the lown nf Barbery, H^mllc's,- below'--Caen. Tim Junction pritetlefcliy wlpeil'nut lilt:. Clcnnnn pocket between •• the Orhe and' .liite rivers'..- , ' The British drive carried lliroiien Ihe Olnglnls forest soulli of Caen, and freed Thury-Hnrcourt, 14 miles soulliwecl of Cncn. Cnuaillans'llclil lip The main Canadian attack on Fa- lulse Is still stnlled. Hcottish ami KnitlLsh -forces arc grinding ahead lurllicr along .the road from Cnen to Paris near Vlmont, which Is seven miles southeast of Cncn, Par to tlie wesl ,tho Gerniaii garrisons al by-pa.MCd; Brest,' Si. Na- znlrc. nnd Lorlenl continue to defy the American iKsicgcrs.' Marauder plants of the Unjted States Ninth Air Force flooded'.the. three-ports with '1,000,000 leaflets last night. They called on the Isolated: Nazis to Slve up, nnd spare futile bloodshed. Total Gciman casualties In France since "D-Day" now nre' estimated nt 200,000 to 300,000 killed,' wounded or caplurcd. Tlilrtceii of the 33 divisions committed hy Hitler to Hie defense of Normandy nnd Brtl- tany are Ijclleved to have been vtr- tunlly uniiiliUatcd. In the nlr war, 750 • American heavy bombers nnd 500 fighters attacked railway yards at Met?. In northeastern France today. The city is one of the key junctions in the Nazis' trnnspoi Intton syslem for troops mid material In France. The heavyweights also struck at Gernmtr airdromes In northern France, including three fields some 30 miles east of Paris. \ A smashing air blow fell on Na».l Rlrongpolnts In Norway yesterday. Wnrplar.c.i from n British carrier lask force battered tlie west Norwegian coast heavily. They Inflicted grenl damage to shore Insinuations and destroyed at least six enemy planes. Two German warships were also set afire. Two British aircraft rerc lost in the operation's. The Nazis seem to be hurling their robot bombs at London from a new direction. Tlie winged missiles, apparently launched, over a route from behind Boulogne, descended oil the British capital and southern England last night on the largest scale in some time. The attack began shortly before midnight nnd the explosives kept coming over al Intervals until nfter dawn. They caused casualties and damage. Accuse District Agent FAYETTEV1LLE, Ark., Aug. 12 (UP)—Associate Dlreclor Aubrey German D ' °ates of the University of Arkansas Agricultural Extension Service is reported to have of Extension' Service will ,he nature of Ihe charges ongressman J. W. Fotlbright for . S. Senator. Dr. A. M. Harding, who succeeded Pulbrlghl as university - president, says he has received a recommendation that Measles be released by the Agricultural Extension Service. Dr. Harding sayvhe has asked'for 20S1 2101 IO l/y ^j.». ,,,,,vt>.> b tn'j^ ** u nn* <V3ivt\l •"• 2054 20o8 a full report on. Oia matter* and that 2134 2140 he will Investigate-'It .from all 2115 till angici.

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