The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 5, 1966 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, August 5, 1966
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Page 6
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'(Art. 1 )' . Auimt », rop Income Up, Survey Shows By 66fti)6N 4ROWN Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - For the first five months of 1966 Arkansas farmers are running slightly ahead of the corresponding period of 1965 in cash income from farm products — and 1965 was a record year. Up to June 1, an Agriculture Department reports shows, Arkansas farmers took in $216,028,000 from sales of crops and livestock, compared with $203,506,000 up to June 1 a year ago. For the entire year of 1965, Arkansas farmers had cash sales of $915,207,000 - a new high. This compared with $881,458,00 for 1964 and $825,173,. for 1963. However, the fact that the five-month total for 1966 is ahead of 1965 doesn't necessarily mean that Arkansas farmers are headed for another record year. The bulk of farm marketings In Arkansas comes late in the year--usually the last quarter —when cotton sales are heavy. So much depends on what happens to farm crops and live- gtock-and to farm prices—the rest of the year. Drought undoubtedly already as cut into yields. * * * Of sales made through June, $153,190,000 came from livestock and livestock products, compared with $126,588,000 a came from crops, Compared With $76,918,00 a year ago. In the state's record farm year of 1965, the big total of nearly $1 billion was divided $367,419,000 from sales of livestock and livestock products gnd $548,88,000 from sales of crops. Farm Income also 1« augu- mented by government payments under the various farm Cotton Reduced Again •WASHINGTON (AP) - Arkansas' 1967 cotton allotment was set Wednesday at 1,330,720 acres by the Agriculture De- pgirtrnent—a decrease of 975 acres from the 1966 allotment. The national allotment was the same as this year's, 16 million acres. In addition to the national allotment, the department set a .national reserve of 200,000 acres for the establishment of minimum farm allotments as royided by law. * * * '-Although 1966's allotment totaled 16 million acres, slightly less than 11 million acres were planted. The department offered growers substantial government payments for under- planting their allotments. The purpose was to hold down production to help reduce a record large cotton surplus. •Farm law permits the operation of a similar payment program next year, but the department did not outline such a program Wednesday. Details are expected to come later. Quotas for this year's crop were approved by 94.8 per cent of the growers voting. programs and the department I mente would likely t>* a third said that for 1966 these pay-1 higher than for 1985. On Missco Farms By Keith Bilbrey. County Agent Were you one Of the farmers invited to the Combine Adjustment school by the Equipment Center? If so, I'd like to remind you of it and also urge you to attend. Several people think we are loosing more of our total soybean yield through poor combining than from any other practice which influences soybean yields. We continue to hammer at this soybean yield problem because the crOp is so important to us, and apparently will be more important in the future. It will be a great help to us if the farmers who have soybean tests, trials or demonstrations will report them to us. Maybe we can accumulate a lot of results this fall which will be helpful to soybean farmers in 1967. The Equipment Center's Combine School reminds me of the importance of having your mechanical cotton picker adjusted at this time of the year. Arkansas cotton fanners harvested 81 percent of their crop last year with mechanical pickers. This was an 8 percent increase over 1964. Only 60 percent of the total United States cotton crops were picked mechanically in 1965. Glen Cook and other Farm Bureau officers have just returned from Fayetteville where they attended the state's annual Leadership Training Conference They report a good meeting. I must congratulate the Mississippi County Farm Bureau for obtaining a larger membership than last year, and passing the 1966 membership quota. The following communities in North Mississippi County have reached or exceeded last years membership: Huffman, Number 9, Blytheville, Gosnell, Half Moon, Lost Cane, Manila, Leachville, Frankum Corner, and Roseland. ASC Manager, Harry McDaniel, advises that they have completed the measuring of Mississippi County cotton for 1966. They do have a good many (farmers who were over planted in small amounts. These are in the process of being plowed up and will have to be remeasured. This is nothing unusual. It happens every year, because farmers had rather end up with an acre or two over planted rather than to be an ace or two under planted. ASC has al*o started making final payments to farmers for their cooperation in diverting ments, etc. They are notifying farmers each day as their ap- I plications are being completed. FARM NEWS Review and Forecast Farm to Table: How It Happens Sinners face a questionable fu- :ure because of acreage reduction, their association is mak-i ing real progress and rendering i members. ' They represent 73 percertt of. many fine services to ginner all the gins in Arkansas and Missouri, This is the largest number ever. They are planning a European tour Of cotton spinning mills for the summer of 1967. I hope some ginners from this area can attend. Nick Rose appealed to the gin- ner for their active support In behalf of the prosposed dollar a bale cotton promotion and advertising fund. He reminded them that no organization Opposed this one dollar per bale program in Mississippi County. However, it should be strongly supported by all ginners as well as farmers when the referendum comes. Let's start making some plans for the wheat planting season this fall. I can imagine that our wheat acreage will increase here. The U. S. wheat disappearance for the first nine months of the current marketing year reached a record 1,245 million bushel. So, the USDA says the year-end carryover may drop to about 550 million bushels, the least since 1952. Bollworms No Threat JIM WALLACE Assistant County Agent I know of one field poisoned for bollworms in North Mississippi County last week. It was in the Manila area. This was the only problem field other than a field that was spot sprayed for spidermites. So, start checking more closely for worms. To check a field look at the terminal for signs of bollworm feeding. When evidence is found, go dow nthe plant looking for the worms. He will still be there if a predator hasn't got him. After August 1st control measures are recommended by the University of Arkansas when 5 percent of the squares are damaged. Five squares out of one- hundred have to be actually damaged before action is recom- commended. Remember, once you start, additional applications are usually needed be- PAT COLB Htttte Demonstration Agent The Nation's Largest Industry- We, the American Public, do hot appreciate the complex system which brings food products from farm to family tables. With most of us, food purchase and use become so "daily" that we're little inclined to think Of the vastness of the system in which we're participating when we buy only a loaf Of Dread. The 85 billion dollars American consumers spent for food in 1965 was nearly one-fifth of their total consumption expenditures. This represents a large sum, but a much smaller proportion of Our incomes than would be required of consumers in most other countries. The 85 billion dollars we spent for food in 1965 not Only put food on our tables - it provided a source of income to the vast army of workers directly employed in the industry. Our food money paid the bill for food and numerous services provided by 300,000 retail food stores, 13,000 food manufacturing plants and a large portion of the products of the nation's 3,300,000 farms. In addition, we bought services from scores of thousands of wholesalers, brokers, eating establishment and their firm. With the money we paid directly into the food industry, they secured further services from the nation's transportation communication, equipment and container industries. * * * If the above figures are too general to apply to our weekly food bills, let's take a look at that last $2 bill you handed over at your grocer's checkout counter - for which you may have received no more groceries than it took to fill two large bags. Then you thought all over again "all that money for only this much food." If your purchase included the same foods in the same proportion as the average "Market Basket," the farm value of your $20 worth of groceries was $7.80. However, it would cost considerably cotton acres, price support pay- cause the beneficial as well as the destructive insects are destroyed. Some of the materials reconv plications are nerng compieieu. some of the materials recom- Farmers will have to go to the j mendations are: Endrin, Methyl Osceola offices for signing these applications. Mr. McDaniel guesses that these payments will release in the neighborhood of 8 million dollars to the cooperating Mississippi County farmers. The Ark-Mo Ginners Association holds area meetings each summer in Arkansas and Mis- ;souri, including one at Blytheville. I thought their meeting Parathion - TDE, Toxaphene- TDE, and Azedrin. The list is quite.long, these are only a few Check with our office if you want a complete list and rates. We had a change in our scout set-up last week. Leon Swihart who had been scouting at Leachville had to quit because of a military duty. Mike Bollinger, a familiar face in North Missis- sp County cotton fields, will this week was the best one I j finish the season in the Leach- have ever attended. Although I ville area. Airplane Spraying ** 2-Way Radio - Better Customer Service Gene Hood Flying Service DEPENDABLE — EXPERIENCED — INSURED Blyth.vill. — Phon. PO 3-3410, PO 3-4242 Manila — Phone 561-4532 more than the remaining to go to al Hlie farms from which your food comes t6 secure the different items, not to aging and quality controls that are provided as a part of your weekly food bill. Some of us get more food with a $20 bill than others do for many reasons. As we can afford it, we buy more expensive foods and more highly processed food. However, some of our least expensive foods have a higher proportion of marketing services than more expensive ones. As an example, if you had spent your $20 for 97 one- pound loaves of bread, you would have been paying apprx- imately $3.75 for the farm value Of the ingredients of the bread and $16.25 for processing and marketing services. The $16 would be divided up approximately this way: $3.45 to Wholesaling and distribution costs, $2.80 to retailing costs and $10 for processing. ¥ ¥ ¥ Assume on the other hand that you had chosen to spend all of your $20 for fresh beef. You would have bought fewer pounds of groceries, but a larger proportion of your mney would go for food. Fresh meat obviously requires less marketing services than the grain and other ingredients of a loaf of bread. At an average of 70.8 cents per pound, $20 would have bought 29.6 pounds of beef. In round numbers your money would have been distributed this way; $12 to farmer, $5 for retailing costs, $1.50 for processing and $1.50 for assembly, wholesaling, transportation and other distribution. Maloch Says By D. V. County From 1927-1963, a 37 year period, there were a total of 109 drouths from 20 days up In Mississippi County according to weather reports sent in from Blytheville. Sixty-one of t h e s e drouths were from 20-29 days, 28 from 30-39 days, 11 from 40-49 days and 9 fifty days and over; On an average there were 2.95 drouths per year ranging from 20 days upward. This gives us sortie indication Of why our soybean yields have been so erratic. The a v e r a g e yield of soybeans from 1946 through 1965 was 22.1 bushes per acre; from 1956-1965 - 24 bushels per acre. The highest yield was 1957 when farmers produced 30 bushels per acre. If you were to trace back on those years you would find that abnormal weather conditions contributed greatly to both the low and the high yields with drouths contributing a great deal to the low yield years. Of Course, vegetation contributed to MaJoch Agent reduced yields on practically all years but the competition for water increased during dry periods. Even though irrigation does not always pay on soybeans it has paid good dividends on years when most of the soybeans went into stress due to lack of moisture for long periods. The soybean plant must be prevented from being exposed to long periods of stress if high yields are expected. Research in Arkansas on the years when beans were in drouth stress, has shown a significant increase in yields per acre from irrigation provided a rain did not come soon after the field was irrigated. The best time to irrigate is during the fruiting period or from bloom to the pod filling-out stage. A drouth during the pod filling stage may seriously reduce seed size, seed quality and yields. Most farmers find that sprink- er irrigation requires too much labor most of which to dliur** able for soybean Irrigation. Land that has been cut to grade can be irrigated by the furrow method and the fall on icrne fields makes It possible to flood irrigate provided the water can be drained off rapidly. Plant stress determines the frequency of irrigation. At the Northeast Branch Experiment Station at Reiser yield increase from irrigation has varied from below zero to as high as 20 bushels per' acre. On the zero years drouth had very little affect on the production. OB the years more favorable to irrigation the drouth period was long enough to prevent the plant from developing and the seed beans from maturing out properly without irrigation. In 1963, according to Maxsie Taylor, irrigated Hill soybeans made 23 bushels and the nonir- rigated 8 bushels. On the same beans made 12 bushes and the irrigated beans made 32 bushels or a 20 bushel increase. On the years that a big rain followed irrigation the yield was sometimes reduced. On nearly all years with long dry periods soybeans irrigated when in bloom or in pod formation and development, the yield was increased. Soybean Bookie? Bo Gibson Associate County Agent What does the term "book" for delivery of soybeans mean and how does it affect marketing is being asked by a number of producers. Let's suppose that a soybean producer "books" 1000 bushels of beams for delivery at harvest for $3.00. He is making a calculated guess that'beans will not be higher than this and that by booking he can guarantee this price. But the price may really be equal to, less than or "Freeo n Board" The term F.O.B. means "free on board" andi s a commer- cia expression describing the terms of sale. The seller must load the goods on board a railroad car, ship, plane or other means of transportation att he location named in the contract, according to Encyclopaedia Britannica. the remarkable John Deere Spruce *fTsr place np evening* if yon like. Tase weekends easy the y«ar wound! You can 4> * with a Jcte Dam "iWTractor.Mow. Vacuum leavee. Clear roow. Till your garden. Add pleuura and leisure to suburban living. See fee **n D*» 1HJ» J»i* *• i»mrni •ttaehnMnbi now. Coave* IMOtODfidB* JOHN DEEM LAWNS GARDEN TRACTOR T COMPANY Highway 61 S. Phon. 3-4434 Buell W. Cotter, MFA Agent «07 N. 6th Next Door to Dixb Pit Phon. PO 3-3361 more than the contract price when harvest rolls around. If the actual price is only equal to the contract price, the farmer did not gain but had insurance against the price going below the $3.00 level. If the actual price is less than farmer has exercised good judgment and in actuality, correctly predicted the forces of supply and demand. This position is where "the farmer actually likes to be. How about the case where the i actual price at harvest exceeds the contract price of $3.00? Again, the producer has exercised his best judgment and must fulfill the terms of the contract. A producer should book soybeans only if he feels that there is a possibility of a price gain or price security. After basing the decision on the best information available, he should be prepared to live with the decision. There may be other benefits from contracting. In case of overcrowded unloading and storage facilities at harvest, the individual who has contracted has assurance that the elevator will have space for his soybeans. Read Courier News Classifieds ^— _ ^ ^^ ^•k : M"^H~iriM :>: ^itt :: -~-A ^tt' : 'I^B'^BB> i^ik CLASSIFIED IS FOR -. - -;: ic vfiii DIIV insiv-'W'iiiroi IF mil! OUT, uCLL, 1 nrtUC. 60 CLASSIFIED Blytheville Courier News

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