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New York Herald from New York, New York • Page 6

New York Heraldi
New York, New York
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TOKK HERALD; MAF 11. SHEET, NEW YORRJIERALB BROADWAY AMD ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. I A11 business or news letter and telegraphic despatches must be addressed NEW YOKE HERALD. Letters and packages should be properly sealed.

Eejected communications will not be returned. Volume XXXIV No. 131 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. yiBLO'S GARDEN. BUBL8QE7 EXTRAVAGANZA OF "FOETY THIEVES.

FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Fifth areaae and Twenty- fourth Street IiA. GA3TCK DUO HESSE. WALIiACK'S THEATRE. Broadvrar and 13th OLYMPIC THEATRE. wrra NEW FKATOBEB.


5SO BroaUwsy--MIBIAM'S WOOD'S MUSEUM AMD THEATRE, ThirtiaOt street and Broadway Afternoon and evenlns PerformaoAe. THE TAMMANY, Fourteenth Boatssof CROSOE AI.D His MAS FsnAT, a. BOOTH'S THEATRE, 23d between 5th and 6th ara. -OTHELLO. MRS.



All advertisements should be sent in before eicht o'clock, to insure proper classification. The cable despatches are dated May 10. Whlie on a visit to the town of CUartres, on the ith, the Emperor made a short speech, in which he referred to his former visit, when President, and to the coming elections. The question, of acquiring Gibraltar was brought before the Spanish Cones on Saturday, to which the Minister of State replied, tnat iietote considering that point seriously Spain must be stronEly constituted and financially reorganized. The Chief Secretary for Ireland stated yesterday in the Honse of Commons that the government was considering by which means to increase the power of the Lord Lieutenant, with respect to the suppression of outrages in Ireland.

A mass meeting was held In Cork on Saturday for the purpose of censuring the conduct of the British government in reference to Mayor O'Sullivan. Cnba- Captaln General Dnlce, Trlth his escort of volunteers, has returned to Havana from Matanzas. Tight- Ing Is reported near Nuevitas. It is stated br Cubans in Washington that there are already 2,500 Americans the Cuban army, and that 3,000 more will be added soon. The Secretary of State yesterday received advices direct from the revolutionary authorities.

Admiral Hoff naa received instructions to promptly punish the shooting of any Araet leans under Count Valraaseda's recent order that any man round away trom home without a satisfactory reason shall be shot. A Cuban and a Spaniard rought a dnel in New Orleans yesterday, the Cuban being badly Injured and the Spaniard remaining unhurt. The duel grew out of the cries of ''Death to the Spaniards," which a Cuban procession recently Indulged in, and the victorious Spaniard has tendered a general challenge to every one in the procession who iuaulgcd In the cries. Tbe legislature. In tbe Senate, yesterday, the veto messages of the Governor were taken up and a large batch of them were sustained.

Including the vetoes of the bills authorizing a President pro for the Board of Police Commissioners, and for constructing the 125th street and the avenue railroads. A new Con. ference Committee was appointed on the Tax Levy bill, after some discussion, In which an appeal from a decision of the chair was carried by Ihe casting vote of the Lieutenant Governor. a point of order being raised that he could not give a casting vote in snch a ease, It was overruled by ntm. Messrs.

Mattoon and Tan Petten voted with the democrats on appointing a new committee; bnt Mr. Van Petten said lie voted under a mistake and moved to reconsider the voto. This was lost. Three republicans were appointed one after the other on the new conference committee, but each declined, and Mr. Williams finally accepted.

In the Assembly a bill for the construction of a railroad In Twenty-third street was read -i third time and passed, with only one dissenting voice. The reports of the conference committee on the tax levies aereed to, and committees were sent to inform tue Governor and the Senate that tbe Assembly was ready to adjonrn. miscellaneous. The Pacific Railroad was completed yesterday, the last spike being driven in at five minutes past three P. New Tork time.

The event was celebrated In this city by the firing of cannon, the chiming of Trinity bells and a general jubilation among tbe business men. Chief Justice Chase rendered a decision In the Circuit Court at Klclimond, yesterday, reversing Judge Underwood's decision, by which Judge Stieffey, of tbe State Conrt, was removed from office ineligible, under the fourteenth amendment, and a negro named Ctcsar Griffin, sentenced by him to Imprisonment, was released. ShefTey was appointed under tbe Alexandria government, before tbe fourteenth amendment was adopted, and was a Oe facto officer; and even If he la ineligible, the convenience of tho state most be consulted and another interpretation of the amendment preferred. Under this, decision Caesar Griffin waa returned to the custody of the State an thorities, and Jeter Phillips, who Is sentenced to Heath on Friday noxt, was also remanded. The new arrangement for appointing army officers Indian agents, does not work harmoniously.

In several Instances, citizens appointed and confirmed to mob. places, find them already ullcd by army officers. Tbe threatened, strike among the coal miners in the Lettish and Scbnylklll dlntncta commenced yesterday. work la suspended Prof. Gabb has informed those favoring the annexe fttlon of St.

nomluRO that he has prospected pqnare miles of gold 0Beat1n(r territory thtero, which surpasses lit richness any portion of Cauror )ala and block on which 1C Is situated was burned. Involving a loss of Tho City. In the Board of Health yesterday a sharp rencontre took place between Dr. Stone and Dr. Swinburne In reference to a resolution requiring tae latter to inform the citizens wneu he Is about to send a ship up may have ship fever on board.

Dr. Stone said Dr Swinburne did not know too much ol common manners, was addicted to vulgar Insolence and did not keep things as they ought to be at Quarantine. )r. SWinburne "retorted by telling Dr. Stone to go mot to.j3oston.

and saying he did not know any- hmg about ship fever. No blood was let The second trotting match between Lady Thorn and American Girl, was won yesterday by Lady Thorn, at the Fashion Course. The best mile was in 2:27. A circular was shown Treasurer Spinner the other day purporting to come from Messrs. Gumbrldge 69 wall street, in which they propose to sell certain counterfeit treasury notes, apparently as good as the genuine, lor a small sum on the dollar.

The parties who showed this document to the Treasurer claimed that they had been victimized and demanded redress. The document was sent to Superintendent Kennedy. Tn his charge to the Grand Jury yesterday Judge Benedict, of the United states Circuit Court, especially called attention to corruption In office ana numerous evasions of the Income tax ia f. District Attorney Garvtn, In prosecuting case in he General Sessions yesterday, took occasion to say hat 11 the man who saw the Rogers murder and said, "Jim, don't do it," would come forward and tell who committed the deed, he should immunity from punishment. The steamship Cimbrla, captain Haack, will leave Hoboken at two o'clock P.

JL to-day for Hamburg, calling at Plymouth, England, and Cherbourg, France. The mails will close at the Post Office at twelve o'clock JL The steamship Minnesota, Captain Price, will sail 'rom pier 46 North river at three o'clock P. M. tomorrow (Wednesday) for Liverpool, calling at Qneenstown to land passengers. The National line steamship Pennsylvania, Captain Hall, will leave Tpier No.

47 North river at six O'CIOCE o-morrow (Wednesday) morning for Liverpool via Qneenstown. The Inman line steamship City of Dublin, Captain Eynon, will leave pier 45 North, river to-morrow, 12th for Antwerp direct. The stock market yesterday was very strong, buoyant and active in response to the stimulative effects of the completion of the Pacific Railway and the proposal to begin paying off the national debt and the easier condition of the money market. Gold opened at 137 and closed at Prominent Arrivals In the City. inflge James B.

Hutch, of Springfield, Major P. Tyler, of and Professor Samuel Gardiner, of Washington, are at the Metropolitan Hotel. Judge Sherman, of Washington; George W. Paschal, of Texas; Commander Windell and General O. O.

Howard, of Washington, are at the Astor House. Colonel Howbne and S. F. Tappan, of Colorado, are at the Hoffman Honse. James Trabue, of Louisville, and Colonel W.

f. Scott, of Erie, are at the Fifth Aveaue Hotel. Major Barney, of Washington, is at the Westmore- atd Hotel. Lieutenant Colonel Waters, of Chicago; Dr. G.

Taj lor, of Connecticut and Br. 0. Purvis, o( Washington, are at the St. Denis Hotel. lieutenant Commander P.

A. Cook, of the United States Navy, is at tlie Brevoort Honse. Colonel Latham, of Wisconsin, is at the St. Charles Hotel. Ex-congressman T.

If. Pomery, of New York: E. Ross, of Auburn, and Paymaster M. Cushing, of the United States Navy, are at the St. Nicholas Hotel.

Prominent Departures. Governor Travis, for Hudson Bay; Colonel W. A. Smith, for North Carolina; Colonel P. S- Stevens, for Swansey; Major Clarence King, for Cnicago; Judge E.

"Rosa 3-vxde TtiQ.te Waflhlneton; General Hoffman, for Pittsburg; J. Tyer, of London, for Philadelphia; Mr. FairchUd, for Cazenovia, and Colonel R. D. Warden, for Albany.

Spain and Cuba-- The Real Position. There is a singular similarity, though an apparent contradiction, in the positions occupied respectively by Spain and Cuba, which, though ignored by the parties aiming to assist the Spanish agents in this country to rivet and preserve the last links of colonial despotism in America, must exercise an important influence the final settlement of the contest in the Antilles. The revolution of September last iu the Iberian peninsula drove out the ancient dynasty and. derogated the ancient form of government. By an almost unanimous uprising of the people these acts were confirmed, and to-day the Cortes is sitting in special convention for the purpose of deciding what form of government shall rule the nation.

No man in Spain or out of it presumes to question the right of the Spanish people to decide this important question, and all the arguments presented in behalf of a monarchical or a republican system recognize the right of the people to determine the matter. In accordance with our usual practice the representative of the United States in Madrid was the first to recognize the popular government, and of the great Powers of the world ours is probably the only one whose government and diplomatic agents are not actively at work to influence the decision of the national representatives in Spain. The motive and reason of the Spanish revolution were the tyranny and corruption of the Bourbon rule. Without concert of action with the Spanish people, but animated by the same feelings, the people of Cuba determined to throw off the same despotism which enthralled them, and, with but little difference of time, they began the movement. The colonial government, under Captain General Lersundi, refused to recognize alike the acts of the Spanish people and of those of Cuba.

To the last moment of hia power in Cuba ha held friendly communication with the exiled Queen. When superseded, the new Captain General was not permitted by the Spanish traders in Havana to recognize any popular rights in Cuba, and the government there was committed to a course antagonistic to every iuea that is to-day proclaimed in Spain. Under false representations (for the people of Spain know little of what is passing in Cuba) several thousands of men have been induced to volunteer for service in the island. A thousand of these, from Catalufia, arrived recently in Havana, and when they learned the antagonistic character of the conflict numbers of them began to express dissatisfaction. Great efforts were made, however, with banquets and speeches and triampha: arches, to suppress this feeling, and to a grea extent it succeeded sufficiently to get them off to the Hold.

It is a significant fact, however, that a portion of the officers refused to embark further in the service and have returned to Spain. Our private advices from Havana state that th. has already Spread to a remarkable extent among the resident Spaniards there and should the government forces receive an; serious check in the field it may show itael on the surface to an extent little suspected a the present moment. The people of Spain an A flfB occurred in Paterson, N. yesterday, by Cuba are to-day each claiming the right to es tWKV tte ffftois ol tbe 1 tabliah their form of Korermnent, tbe of this great fact will enforce its recognition.

If it is right in Spain it must be right in Cuba This is the view, and the only view, which should be permitted to control the action of our government in the question. There is no other safe position; none which will not ead to complications innumerable and results disastrous. A few short-sighted and selfish partisans are calling for an enforcement of the neutrality laws, and it is worth while to examine what these laws are and upon what irinciple it is sought to apply them to the nppressioB. of the "great American principle of the right of the people. The neutralitr laws as exist to-day ipon our statute books are a disgrace to us as i nation, and are not paralleled bjr the laws or he practice of any other Power.

They are the growth of the era of cowardice which marked the administration of the' elder Adams at the close of the last century, reaffirmed and strengthened in 1818, when the country ex- erienced a temporary reaction from the spirit which laid the embargo of 1809 made the ast war with England in 1812-15. The country, on each occasion of their enactment, lad just gone through a long period commercial depression and disaster, and was a hungered for commerce. As a pruden- ial measure In the of our national baby- lood they have done their work and are now unworthy of our material and moral position. among the nations. The declaration of President Monroe, known as the Monroe doctrine, was a national reaction against them, and epresents the true spirit which animates the ountry and guides its policy.

Any administration which ignores this great fact and permits itself to be guided by the moral cowardice which enacted the neutrality laws will consign tself to failure in its diplomacy and to ignominy in the appreciation of the country. There ia but one path to success open to the administration of President Grant. It must 3how itself equal to the requirements and power of the United States of 1869, and not undertake to fulfil its mission in the spirit that animated our fathers in moments of depression two generations ago. We are now a great and united Power, and any position that we take is to-day considered by the nations if the world. The time has gone never to return when the Powers of Europe could take a determination in an American question without waiting to know what the United States might think or wish in the matter.

At his moment the Cabinets of Europe are assive on the Cuban question, waiting to mow and asking what view does General Grant take and what will he do. In deciding his matter he will receive the support of the ountry and the respect of the world in pro- ortion as his administration approximates to he spirit that, animated the declaration of Monroe. We have recognized the right of the jeople of Spain to change their dynasty and heir form of government, and we must accord he same right to the people of Cuba. Any ither course will be treason to the principles bat guide the American people and treason to hat self-respect which should animate our Dolicy as a free and powerful nation. LEGISLATIVB ADJOURNMENT closing noura or ttte session or ttie TSew Tork Legislature were matted by earnest and exciting scenes yesterday.

The amount of tax evies for the city and county gave rise animated debates, which resulted in the of a committee of conference. This committee reported in favor of a very material reduction in the estimates, recommending hat the city tax levy be cut down one million eight hundred thousand dollars and the county evy six hundred thousand dollars. This was idopted in both branches, and by large majorities, so that the tax levy sheets as amended may be regarded as fixed facts and law. Governor Hoffman was sustained in several of his vetoes. An adjournment sine die was voted by the Senate and Assembly at midnight, after the usual interchange of courtesies.

A DAY TO BE CELEBBA.TED. May 10, the completion of the Pacific Railroad. NAPOLEON OH IKE STDMP. The Emperor of France paid a visit to Chartres on Sunday, where he inspected the arrangements made for the horticultural exhibition. He also delivered a neat little address, in the course of which he recalled the memory of the republic, by slating that he had been in the city when President.

After this delicate reminiscence he referred to the approaching elections, advising the people to aid the cause ot "liberal progress," by voting only for men worthy of the mission. His Majesty is an able politician. He combines republicanism and imperialism in one, and will accept either in any emergency or difficulty of a serious character. RELIGIOUS REVIVALS. --The observing French traveller who reported that the Americans had three hundred and sixty-five religions and only one gravy ought at this day to pay the United States another visit.

He would find that while we are still behind the French in cookery, we are still going ahead in new religions as welJ as in revivals in the old ones, from the High Church Ritualists down to the Latter Day Saints. This Is a remarkable fact, and yet at a moment's notice all these worshippers wiU turn from Moses to Aaron and his golden calf. Old Hundred" was sung in modern Wall street by the bulls and boars the first time on the fall of Richmond, and the next time will probably not be before Richmond falls again. EXCITEMENT LITTLB RUOJOY To-Moe- EOW. There will be some excitement in Providence, R.

to-morrow in regard to the election for city officers. There are two republican candidates in the field for Mayoi Mr. Clarke, regular, and Mr. Doyle, fiprague bolter. As a test of personal popularity the result will be regarded with interest.

CROOKED. la it to be inferred that the Pacific Railroad is a crooked one because number of venerable gentlemen from the country undertook to celebrate its completion by endeavoring yesterday to walk a crack on Broadway? BOILER. It appears that General Butler is about to wake up the sleepy politicians of Massachusetts in a great speech on the political situation. Very well. He wil be just in time, as the little cloud of dus raised by the light Bull run batteries Sprague baa settled down and there is an opening for the big gun of Big Bethel.

The PaciOc Railroad--Ita Rings and Ita Financial Muddle. We published yesterday a letter from a cor- espondent giving a graphic account of the progress of the Pacific Railroad, the haracter of the country through which passes, the disposition of its ab- riginal inhabitants and the queer style of ivilization that has followed the great work it has steadily advanced toward the com-, letion of the vast steam belt that girdles the lobe. To-day the electric telegraph furnishes us with the particulars of the ceremonies of he final inauguration of the business of the oad, the jubilant displays in various sections the country on the occasion, and our local olumns chronicle what occurred in this city in honor of the event. That it was worthy" of celebration equal in magnificence to that which attended the laying of the Atlantic cable one, we think, who reflects upon the magnitude of the work--a continuous line of rail hree thousand miles across our own Conti- ent--will deny. It may be asked why this, he- greatest marvel of enterprise in the nine- eenth century, should not have elicited more a demonstration than that which marked its rhimph in Ihis city yesterday.

The same old ags that have honored such events as the nniversary of the birthday of Tom Paine 'ere flung to the genial May breeze from the lity Hall, and a few hotels hoisted their ban- era on their outer walls; but beyond this and he firing of a few guna in the Park and a emi-solemn Te Dewm by the chimes of Old 'rinity, there was nothing to strike the trauger or our own citizens with the fact lat a momentous- event had occurred in ie history of our country--that a'giant Mid had been born in Israel. We think we can explain the reason for this extra- rdinary lukewarmness on the part of our sually demonstrative citizens. As the great work approached completion it became the magnet of attraction in Congressional and out- ide jobbing rings and speculators, in the endeavor to grasp the management of the road nd shape it to suit personal and speculative nrposes At first there was a nrud- le about the payment of the workmen, which a mythical financial bubble the Credit Mobilier figured, with that ingenious, rattle-pated twistiaer, George Franis Train, as the figurehead. Then the Massachusetts Congressional ring, with Mr. Oakes Ames aa the inspiring genius, claimed the ion's share of the management, and a hubbub and the usual amount of jealousy and heart- burnings were created among outsiders by the modest demands and snug little private financial arrangements of that most modest and lelf-sacrificing of all jobbing rings--one com- losed of New England political and financial apitalists and general stockjobbers.

Anon trides in the rotund and unconquerable who entangles the company in the meshos of the law, smashes into its safes with iron sledges and official jimmies and cold steel ihisels, both literally and in the shape of orders from the court, notices from a receiver, and so on; and, finally, what with the wrang- mg among inside and outside rings for the control of the vast resources and prospectively enormous emoluments of the company, the entanglements' among the lawyers, tue opposition of the advocates of rival lines and other troubles that have environed the undertaking, even in its cradle, as if it were the determination of certain rings to smother it there rather than to allow it to be raised by hands of other jobbing nurses, it is no wonder, we say, in view of all these things, the completion of the great enterprise was celebrated in the cold and indifferent manner it was in this city yesterday, or rather that the event should not have been commemorated at all in the commercial metropolis of the nation. In the midst of those bitter ring fights and financial heartaches Uncle Samuel stands quietly by without power to say a word, and all the while he sees his rich mineral and agricultural lands lying at the mercy of speculators, his natural rights of way across his own domain gradually falling within the magic circle of Congressional plotters and Wall street speculators and stock gamblers, and the advantages of the graat the engineering Tvonder and admiration of the world, built with bis own munificent donations, becoming absorbed by private capitalists anc monopolists, who will, if they be not carefully looked after, cause the road to become before a long time a national by-way and by-word instead of a world-wide blessing. Let us, however, hope for the best. Let our authorities and our people throw these monopolists and jobbers aside and come out for a grand jubilee and jollification--a splendid illumination and a grand good time all around--in honor of the completion of this miraculous work, and then prepare for another magnificent continental achievement--the construction of a "longitudinal railroad," bisecting the Continent from one end to the other. GOOD FOB number of Mississippi gentlemen are oat in an address, urging great prudence, both in words and in conduct, upon the people of the State, in view of the misrepresentations of designing men.

This is all right and proper, and will, if steadily adhered to, insure the speedy restoration of Mississippi to all her former rights and privileges in tho Union. A GENERAL MUDDLE contagion of the great Erie Railroad muddle has seized the Pacific Railroad companies and various intermediate Western companies, and some Southern companies, so that we are in a fair way to have a general railroad muddle. Out of it all a few sharp directors and stock jobbing managers, and the lawyers called in, will Carry off the lion's share of the spoils at the expense of the stockholders, the public and the public treasury. Such i the working of all these railroad muddles. AERIVAI Off TUB distinguished Fenian exiles, released from one Britain's bastiles, arrived in this city tho other day, and yet the Hudson river was pot sat on fire, neither was thero an earthquake.

There was no Train on hand. Fn.musTEBS.--Marshal Barlow and the Spanish Consul here and the Spanish Minister in Washington are on the gui vine for arden adventurers, but have no facts of an expo dition. Some of the newspapers have half a dozen expeditions every day, which is very great enterprise. The Proteatant Congress at Worms. Some few days ago we learned that a Protestant Congress was to be held at Worms.

a later cable despatch we are informed iat the Congress is to meet on the 31st of lay and that the object of the Congress is to ake into consideration the recent invitation of he Pope to the Protestant Churches to send epresentatives to the Ecumenical Council and frame a reply to the game. Worms has a istoric connection with the great religious evolution of the sixteenth century. It was ere that on'the 17th and 18th of April, 1521, Juther confronted the combined forces of the Jhurch and the world. At Worms the Reformation properly began. Since then the Church of the West has been split into two great hostile divisions.

Since the Council of 'rent, which was a complete failure, so at- empt has been made to have the divided Ihurch represented in one congress until ow. We have no expectation that the Pro- estants of Germany will agree to accept the 'ope's invitation; but as their reply will be a ocument of some historic interest we shall wait the result of this Congress with a cer- ain amount of interest. The Pacific Railway, Secretory Boutwell 'and Wall Street. The completion of the great railway enter- irise led to a decided revival of speculation in Pall street yesterday, although the event had reen so long looked for and its effect so largely discounted. As the bells of Trinity were ring- ng out peals of joy the brokers in the maze of treets and passage ways around the Stock Ixchange were steadily bidding up stocks until a portion of the railway list touched the tighest quotations ever attained.

It may be tat the expectations of those who are tempted iy the mania of the moment to invest their all in the roads which are to unite with the 'aciBc Railway in the great trans-continental oute will be disappointed. But the easier rtate of the money market, the widespread of the great enterprise and the hopes if large dividends in the future surround their ipeculationa with a couleur de rose which for he present dissipates apprehension or fear. Simultaneously with this great event is the culmination of the public debt and the proposi- ion from Washington to find means, not of adding to, but of lightening our burden of national debt. The speculative fever, had, a twofold source. One remarkable "feature of monetary affairs within the past week was the struggle between London and )Tew Tork to see which should affect the other.

became agitated last Friday and came near producing a panic here. But the effect of Secretary Boutwell's proposition to begin aylng off the national debt was to give New York the supremacy, and to-day London fol- owed the American metropolis. This fact and the completion of the Pacific Railway are significant indices that New York is to be the commercial and financial centre of the world. TnAT GOLDEN golden spike hat closes the final link of the Pacific Railroad is suggestive. It is unfortunate for trav- elling communities that golden spikes, in the shape of fat dividends, have been the ambition of many directors, who manage to secure them at the sacrifice of the lives and limbs of paa- sengers.

T0B Nevada City CCal.) Gazette complains that the assessors of Yuba and other counties in that State are in the habit of picking up strangers and assessing them for the horses they ride, the buggies they ride in and so on. "Yuba Dam" is located in that county, and strangers sometimes pronounce the name with a heartiness slightly indicative of profanity. THE GEEAT WANT 01? THE men, but arms and ammunition. They want rifles and cartridges to meet the Spaniards with their Chassepots; but still a few Americans who have smelt gunpowder will be useful in teaching the young idea of liberty in Cuba how to shoot. fo the event that has just occurred at Sing Sing we see what may happen in our prisons where the men arp worked on contract.

One of them assaulted the foreman armed with the knife that was given him as an implement of labor. Where prisoners are put at benches by the hundred, each with a knife in hand, and there is only moral restraint, what is to prevent wholesale insurrection and desperate slaughter? TmtfiTY. AS A TEMPOEAL What would the preliminary celebration of the completion of the Pacific Railroad yesterday have been had not the chimes of Trinity rung out a Laus Te Denm INNOCENT to the accounts of one of the country correspondents the gentlemen of the British Legation are dreadfully puzzled what to make of ns, and what to say or what to do, wo are so wonderfully inconsistent. This timidity is a national trait. Englishmen are always diffident, and even shy, in the assertion of their own opinions.

In fact, it was merely because the authorities were too modest to say no that the Alabama got out. Ouu the fact that the police were informed of the manufacture of Haytien currency here in time to seize all made, and yet did not seize it because there was "no complaint made," we see that our detective system regards as the true object of a police not the suppression of crime, but the division of a reward. Grant's Political Career. Grant's career in politics recalls already certain of the striking points of his career in war, and his military history supplies material for the moat likely judgment of his future. He blundered at first.

He was beaten sometimes so tremendously that almost any other soldier would have lost heart, and, facing to the right ab'out, brought off the demoralized fragments of an army. McDowell at the last minute of Bull run was nothing like so badly beaten as Grant was on the first day at Shiloh, and the force that McCleUan hustled to Harrison's Landing was one flushed with victory and conscious strength, infinitely superior in every respect to the force with which Grant still held his lines on that first day. One general retreats with a splendid army, that moves away from the enemy against its will, and the other crushes the enemy with a force that hardly hangs together. Without disposition to disparage Grant's military achievement, it is still clear that he gained many battles under a rule hinted at by Napoleon, who said that at the last it was often only a question who would run away first. Grant always stayed.

His tenacity turned the tables. He always considered that the force that had worked him down to nearly nothing had tSn doing this worked itself down to about the same figure, and that things were still even. He could think of the enemy's distress as well as of his own. He was-able so far to command his thoughts that he could lose sight of everything but the grand object, and he ever desired to save his army from the Vuia of retreat. Some generals had their retreats so beautifully planned out before the battle that they could not bear to close it iu any other way.

In all this is seen a man having faith in himself and faith in the chapter of accidents, able to apply the ordinary methods and modes of common sense to problems of the very highest importance, knowing that victory and defeat are often so near alike that one must wait to distinguish between the two, and be willing to wait--a man not thin-skinned, receiving no impression from defeat and only fighting on. Here is a man, then, who can leara by experience and can stand the necessary experience, not only without exhaustion, but without perturbation. The problems of our political life are not the most difficult ones. Indeed, the average man of our political system is far from being a wonder of intellectual power, and it is no great compliment to Grant to say that he is decidedly above this average. Nay, we cannot readily call up in thought any single man of public life who is so out of the ordinary proportion, so muoh above the average ability, that a comparison of him with Grant would sound, extravagant, and we can call up a multitude'of pigmies far below him, yet politics.

Grant, we take it, is quite any" science that could be mastered by. those, great chosen men of the Senate--our foreign ministers. Neither do we believe that any of the great politicians in the Cabinet quite dwarf him. Even in the Senate we have not seen the man that makes us ashamed of Grant. Grant is equal to any of these men--greatly superior to tho majority, and needs only the experience ot their operations to beat them on their own ground.

Epaminondas by beating the Spartans taught them how to beat him, and Grant will learu the trade of politics in that Spartan way. Tho Approaching French Elections. Notwithstanding the tumultuous cries of'' la hberte" and Vvoe VJSmpereur" which were shouted forth at the closing session of the third Legislature of the second empire, and which indicated at once the programmes and the hopes of the imperialist party and of its opponents, on the eve of the approaching French elections, the votes of the Corps Legislatil adopting the extraordinary budget by 22G against 14, and the pension law, in favor of the old soldiers of the first empire by 218 againsl 6, are unmistakable signs of the triumph about to be won by the Emperor and bis adherents in their fresh appeal to universal suffrage. There is no doubt that the preliminary measures determined upon by the Emperor in order to secure such a triumph attest the remarkable tact and shrewdness of Napoleon IIL, and will prove successful both with the people and the army of France. President Schneider, in his farewell speech, claimed for the Legislature the credit of having "constantly seconded the initiative of the sovereign in the development of our public liberties.

It is thus," he added, "that under the shadow of a power protecting order and security we have, in concert with him, realized 'solid and durable progress for the moral and material prosperity ot France." The speech of President Schneider was followed by prolonged shouts of Tivi VEmpereur!" And when the opposition caught up and repeated the exclamation ot M. Jules Favre, Vive la liberte," and that ol M. PeUetan, Vive la nation," the President ol the Corps Lc'gislatif declared that "the nation does not separate liberty from the Emperor." Unquestionably, and despite a larger accumulation of grievances and indignation against the Emperor than was ever raised against tho Citizen King, it is highly probable that Napoleonic ideas will receive a new lease of life at the next elections. HEARD Welles, who recently went into retirement from the Navy Department, has been- hoard from. He shipped all hia household effects on.

a government vessel at Washington to- be- sant up- the Connecticut river to Hartford. The vessel drew eleven feof of water, and. there are only six feet on the bar at the mouth of tho Connecticut river. It is the same old Gideon. THE steamship Ariel, which arrived at Quarantine at an early hour on tho morning of the 6th was detained until the 10th having some slight cases of sickness aboard.

The James Foster, with nearly all tha passengers and crew down with ship fever, was detained but forty-eight hours. The James Foster, ia owned by a more wealthy and liberal company than tbe Ariol- THE YACHT FLEETWIHH Tilts scnooner yacut of Honorable record, belonging to the Now Yorfc YacHt Club, and owned by Mr. George A. Osgood, is now on the screw doclc near tne foot of PlKo street, East river, whore she Is undergoing tbe process of cleaning, scraping, and, in some portions, me plaining of Her hull prior to lift thorough painting. The worK will be completed tomorrow, when ine yacht will bo towed to tho toot ot Tturly-rourtli street, East river.

Tao Flcot- wlng has been lying In winter quartern at New London, and since tho late genial, weather has caused onr yachtmen to le aatlr and begin the pleasant wort of preparing a vlc- orona aquatic campaign her masta have been righted to reduce somewhat the rake they previously had and she has been fitted with a new bowspnt thirty-eight feet In length. Theac are all the alterations of importance that have been maoo la rig, but In a very Tew days, under a score or of workmen, she will bo tho same matmlflceni. appearing TCSBO! that la years gone by has evoked tun commendation of all who have aoen, her during regattas and cruises, nor hull will agMn bo painted black ana her bottom white, while her cabin saloon and staterooms will rccetre again the dcilcato taics which maao them so oheorfui. The 1 ni also be renewed and her cabin rcnphoutored. Tha model of the Pleetwlne Is ex A a there are any boats in elsewhere whoso owners desire to try her mettle, let them "omne" the coming season In ft raoe, not aroond thft hftrhUr nnaor a light, free wind, bat In a run from New Bedtort to Vw Tork In the face of stlir, Sews.

Fieetwmg ban an area of 0,208 1 square feet, and her tonnage ia205.1 vona. wtii tlu UM.

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