The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 8, 1944 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, August 8, 1944
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Sove Waste Paper/ If is valuable to the Wat Wolt! Wtitch iM, paper for Collection Daks! BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS __ ™ DOPANT NKWSPAPBi O, KOMMABT ABKAN8A8 AMD BOTmiMM ««*O O «7 ^ *^ ' » K-* VOL. XLI—NO. 120 Blythevllle Dally New* Blythevilla Herald Blytheviiie Courier »..-i-._... ft™. 1 " 11 BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 11M-1 SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS ALLUS GAIN IN DRIVE TOWARDlARIS WPB Specialists Quit In Protest Of Army Policy Favorable Figures On Ordnance Production Reported Suppressed WASHINGTON, Aug. 8 (UP.) — Two War Production Board statistical experts are reported to have handed (n their reslgnallons In protest against Ihe Army's suppression of a report which outlined a rosy picture of ordnance production. Neither of the statisticians, w. I.CR-IS Basstc and Irwing Kaplan, was available for comment today and WPB Chief Donald Nelson says that although he has heard of the reported resignations he hasn't been able to check on them as. yet. Evidently the Army thinks the .|**je)eBse of a rosy report would cn- '" danger production, because Lieutenant General Brehon Soinervell leaned in the opposite direction night before last when he -spoke to the nation, urging workers to increase tlie output of heavy trucks, big bombs, nnd shells for heavy artillery. V. S. Payrolls To Shrink Tlie federal payroll is going lo be in for a big scale whittling down after the war. That prediction comes from Chairman Robert Ramspeck, of the House Civil Service Committee, who puts 'It in figures, estimating that about two million government workers \vlll be fired soon after the peace. Thai means that the federal payroll would shrink to about 900,000 workers! ; .Along with Ramspeck'6 prediction comes a warning from Federal Security Administrator''.- 1 McNutt that / millions of workers may, lose their rights to old age and su.rylvors Ihr surance; through trarisfecV. trji: jobs --..-. npt^ycrcd-by>>p«3ontr^4^i»a - : -To "Rfold such a situation," McNutt calls for extension of the insurance to. All.workers, Including those who art" self-employe'c}; 'r/larJE 1 on farms. ...or come under other categories.not dS/covercd by insurance up until now. ™ Speaking of layoffs, the United Automobile Workers Union charges today that they have begun already without' adequate notice or plan- Jilng for workers. Tlie union's international president, R. J. Thomas, says a union survey of 447 plants shows that employments have dropped 16 per cent from peak .Chicago—Where tii3 Tall Corn Grows .Photos above were not taken in Iowa, where Ihe tall corn is sun' posed to grow, but in Chicago, of all places. At left, young Ricky ; lludson stands on a ladder to water the 10-fool corn in the Harden ,of _J. P. Ball. At right, little Karen Kilbourne. even with help of Jadder, comes far from reaching lop of H-fool, Q-inch sunflower Voting Lighter -' iWarch Polls For Possible Irregularities JiriTLE ROCK, Aug. 8 (UP) — Arkansas voters were at the ; polls this afternoon (o choose a Democratic nominee for United Stales Senator and associate justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court, but reports are that voting- tins so- far been lighter than it wns during the preferential primary two wceks.-ago Federal invc-stigalors were at the totals New Detroit Walkouts A new blow came to the labor picture/when some 7000 workers i n _ at five General Motors plants in {."*' Detroit walked out again, one day • after they had 'voted to return to their jobs. The new walkout started when 3500 men walked off the early shifts this morning. And they were joined by another 3500 on the later shifts. Only yesterday, these same ViHrkers had ended an 11-day walkout in the aircralt cng'lhes and .nxles plants. The new walkout Is a protest against the discharge of seven union leaders who organized the previous strike. / Meanwhile, Walter P. Reuther, n vice-president of the UriHcd Mutomoblle Workers, warns the strikers that they were being victimized by what he terms a "corporate trap" which seeks to discredit the union. The strike of 50,000 truck drivers and freight handlers in the mid- west is In stalemate, and It looks as it presidential intervention will be the next step. Major Alec Baxter, chief of the highway branch of the Army Transportation Corp.? nt Chicago, says that the movement of war goods is bogging down in the Omaha and Minneapolis sections because of the strike. County's Claim To-Cotton Title Is Questioned Mississippi County stands by its claim of being the world's largest cotton producing county. Several Texas soldiers who questioned this county's title were promptly pre- s.ented with figures of production I/proving that King cotton rightfully ad his throne here. Major Hans S. Johnson, a native of Jefferson County, Ark., now stationed with the Air Corps at Esler field, Alexandria, La., wrote County Agent Keith Bilbrey that he and several of his Texas buddies were In the midst of a controversy about the question and called on his help to prove Mississippi County's claim. His Texas friends revealed that the 1030-10 average of Hie largest cotton producing county In Texas was around 90,000 bales, he wrote. In the same period in Mississippi County, this rich fertile delta land produced an average of 197,192 bales, and reached Us p«ak In 1542 with the production of 231,000 bales, Mr. Bilbrey Informed the Arkansan, substantiating the major's and thb cou.itys claim. _ —.*-,... b ,ii,<,o iv^iu .vj, mi; polls in; many counties watching for possible irregularities In voting and counting. Some sections of tlie stale reixirt Interest in today's ballol- 1 votes had by noon. - -.— -- ~- -•- ".vni* *<-v\.r*. y non Tlie voting started off at n brisk pace two weeks ago and had passed the 5000 mark .by noon, observers have Political Leader Has Praise For Roosevelt's Work MEMPHIS, Aug. ' 8 (C.P,)—Ed Crump, Memphis and Shelby; Couij&v Term., poli'tlcnl'leader.'- says that Slielby county will go nll-out In support of President Roflsevelt and Senator Truman in the November elections. Clump says, "It won't be a half-hearted pussyfooting fight." The dynamic political leader says "Roosevelt has made mistakes, bill there is no perfect man. I can easily hang my tint on Hooscvell's war y.'ork and TVA. ills cool head and wise thinking s.ived this comi- Iry afler Pear] Harbor.' Crump said that the Dcmocrnls have always thought in terms of the people, while the Republicans have always thought in terms of the big, high-moneyed Interest high tariff. "The Republicans are hungry," he says. '.'They wnnl office. When a horse has been feeding on roadside weeds for 12 long years, lie -j - ...^.-. ,v, l% , ,YI11 ICtt^ll or exceed 200,000 before the polls ents. 175.000 in the nvc-way senate race the ccononlic 'Structure of the , Major interest is being"shown'"in fT'""* Was in rl " ns ' Bllt ' lle ****• the senate race, in whch congress ' e P"™"'-^ministration has re- mnn.J. w. •Fulbrleht and Gom- s ^ c ? , confi *nce, which has re- nbr Homer M. Adkins are oppon- th .H" Pe ° Pl °, " C '" 8 bDllcr off *"'' ' [il an they ever have been before. Son Of General McNair Reported Dead On Guam WASHINGTON, Aug. 8 (U.P.)— The War Department says it has requested details of tho death of Colonel Douglns McNair. The only information available now is that the son of Die late General McNair, who was killed in Normandy, died of undisclosed causes on Guam Maud. City Residents Cast 606 Votes By 1:30 O'clock A total of only 006 voles had teen polled In Blytlieville's three voting precincts at 1:30 o'clock, although the voting wns heavier today by 168 votes than it was at tlic same time in the preferential primary, July 25. The largest number of votes, 305, Jinri been cast at the city hall, box of Ward One residents. Ward Two voters cast 250 at the Smith building, and 52 had been cast nt Frozen Foods store by Ward Three residents. The polls will close at 6:30 p.m. Army Prepares To Take Over Hot Springs Hotels HOT SPRINGS, Ark., Aug 8 (U.P.)—steps by the Army to take over four of Hot Springs' largest hotels have been completed, rhe Army will take over control of the buildings -about August 15 to prepare them for the arrival of the first group of overseas veterans on the sixth of September. Hotels taken over by the Army are the Arlington, the Park, the Majestic and the DeSoto Chicago Wheat open high low close prcl. Sept. . 153y, 151 153 W 154 1531 Dec. Chlcaqa Ry« open high low close pr.cl, Sept. . 102* 103'Vi 10214 103M 103 Dec. . m% 105 m% 104 104 M So elaborate are the cakes made at 0110 New York shop that blueprints are drawn lor them, 'Shuttle Fleet' Of U.S. Planes Backs Russians Romanian Dromes Hit By Returning Forts; Reds Approach Krakow By Dulled I'rcss American air power has struck "head of the Utisslnn drive towards Ccrinnn Silesia. A licet of Eighth Air Force bombers and fighters, operating onl of Riusln, yesterday raided Hie German synthetic oil icniicry at Trcs- Miiin, 20 miles west of Krakow, H was the same force which flew a shuttle mid from England on Siri- duy, bombing Rnhmcl near the Baltic Sen on the way. •; :. As In Sunday's mid, the Am'eVl- cim fleet suffered no losses. Hbw r ever .four enemy planes were knqck- cd down. Returning pilots reported large fires nnd explosions In, the |ar- gct area, and smoke columns billowing 15,000 feet above th6 BroOM, Illast Uomaidan Airdromes >, One (light of the shuttle bombers, comprised of Plying Fortresses, bombed the Romanian airdromes of Bu/im nnd Zllaslc-a, near PlocslI, nnd then proceeded to Italy. Tlic planes landed In Italy toclny. thus completing a triangular shuttle flight, England to fiussln to Italy Simultaneously, a British radio broadcast reports the Russians have advanced to within 31 miles of Krakow, or some 50 miles' from Tros- blntn. At another point of Hie great Russian offensive, the: -battle for Warsaw continues to rage ut white heat. However, the reports Indicate no decisive change in the lighting A communique from General Bor leader of the Polish underground says 20,000 pulrlots battling In the streets of Warsaw now are oh the defensive. His message. 1 to 'Polish headquarters at London indicates the underground must bc : 'elvcTi rect-aid soorror face defeat. ••'. P ' Simultaneously, the Russians arc reported lightening their siege' arc at Praga, eastern suburb of the Polish capital, and attempting to bypass the city from the north and south. . Moscow Skeptical A Moscow dispatch today says informed Soviet circles arc highly skeptical of Dor's claims concerning the extent of the Polish fighting inside Warsaw. They say the buildup of underground resistance is purl of a scheme to impress the British and Americans with the strength of the London government's Polish guerrilla army, which the Russians ray is greatly exaggerated. Bor's connection with the Polish Bovernment-in-exHe at London may be tlie root of new friction between the Soviet government nnd the Polish underground. Russia is supporting Hie Polish Committee of National Liberation set up In liberated Poland as a dc facto Polish government. Negotations at Moscow between the two rival governments of Poland were suspended today, at least temporarily. The delegates adjourned late last night without scheduling a new session. Thirty-seven year old Colonel McNair was an artillery olficcr who helped develop the tank destroyer technique. He was graduated from West Point In 1928 :md became a colonel last December. Young McNafr is survived by his wife nnd one child, who live at Santa Barbara, Calif., nnd hts mother who resides at the Army War College In Washington. U. S. Estimate Places Cotton Crop Under '43 WASHINGTON. Aug. 8 (UP) — The Department of Agriculture forecast.'; a 1944 cotton crop nearly I naif a million bales smaller than last year's, In spite of a high yield per acre. The forecast, based on conditions as of Aug. i, is f or „ harvest of 11,022,000 bales. A ten-pound Increase In Die yield per acre failed to make up for the drop in acrc- flge planted which was the small- •>st since 1895 Lieut. Joe McSpaddcn Loses Life In Battle Lieut. Joe McSpnddch, brother of Mrs. James A. Ovcrholscr, |\s been killed In action In Italy, friends of the Rev. Mr. OverlioLscr. former pastor of the Presbyterian Church here, nnd Mrs. Overlioker have been Informed. Lleiilcnanl McSpaddcn, who was n the Arm v Air Corps, had visited here as guest of the Ovcrhohcra. Details of his death were nol immediately available. < He was the son of J.''K. McSpadden of Austin, Texas, who also has another son In service. The Rev. and Mrs. Overholser are making their home at 1024 Pecan street, Tcrarkana, Ark., whrrc nc is pastor or the First Presbyterian Church. New York Cotton Mar. May July Oct. Dec. 2062 20G7 2053 2067 2060 2041 2047 2033 2047 2041 ' 2022 2027 2013 2026 20211 2102 2107 2094 2107 2101 2084 2089 2078 2087 -2082 'Richest Cat' Unnerved By Light Of Publicity BROOKLINE. Mass., Aug. 8. (UP)—Buster, the richest cat In tlic world, Is under a doctor's care today. His nerves are gone. Buster Is the cat which recently Inherited between $40,000 and $100,000 from his Jatc nmttr. Woodbury Rand of BrooMin?, Mass. Overnight, Buster became a headliner, sought after by newsmen and photographers. Mrs. Margaret T. Thomson, whose full-Uine Job Is Buster's care, says she had to turn down the ncwsreel cameramen. Buster was getting too upset to eat. what with all the fuss. She said Buster was slUili'j in his armchair near the window, listening to his favorile progiai-i. when a photographer Sneaked up and snapped his picture. Hustcr jumped sky-high and hssn't been back In ills chair slnco. The doctors prescribe cdmplctc rest and quiet. roilAV'H WAR Allies Borrow War Tactics { From Germans Bjr JAMES HARPER Unlltd PT«M SUM WrIUr I'arl of llic master plnn lor the detent of Ocriiniiiy wits devised — by Qcrmuny. The Reich In modern times Inis fought three bullies agulnst France J' 1 . 1 ' 1 " : '- c set of plans. Now Die Allies nre making use of lhal sumo blueprint to light their own batllc for France. And the scheme is working bctlcr limn ever. For decades. German military planning has been based on a three-point concept-outflank, encircle and deslroy. Field Marslml Von Morllkc used Hint strategy (o weak the back of the second French empire In the 1870 Frnnco- Prusslan War. Mollkc's spiritual heir, Count Alfred Von Schlleffcn •pw- fcctcd the plan Willie serving as chief ol tlie German general staff from 1891 to 1000. Under him it came to be known as "10 "swinging door" strategy or "Schllef f e n Wheel," Here, in substance. Is how the blue print, was supposed lo James Harper work In 1914. 'Ihc Germans planned lo mass 53 divisions along their right wing opposite Belgium, while only nine divisions held the left wjng along the border between France and Germany. Then Ihc whole front was to pivot, with Ihc powerful right wing driving forward through Belgium. swinuinR down to encircle Purls and coming up behind the French forces facing Ihc (.German left wing. That left \v\nRi mennwhile, was to withdraw, pulling 1 the French back l nlP. : ,'U c ,l r . n P- .Th'uswJJio.. French, would be- •caught" between the 'encircling German right wing and the withdrawing Icfl whig. Fulled In 19n Tlic plan failed In 1014 because the Kaiser's timorous and Iningllmr. generals, 111110111; them the younger Von Moilkc, weakened Ihe iwwer- ful right, wing lo prevent a French breakthrough. The swinging right tviiig failed lo encircle Paris. The French counter-attacked, and the plnn fell through. , In 1040 Germany dusted oil the old plnn, brought It up to date nnd worked it without a lillch. Pmrecrs streamed through Holland and Belgium to out-flank Hie Mmjlnot IJric nnd sweep down through France. r !hls time there wns no bungling. Now the Allies arc beating the Germans at their own panic. They nrc winning In Frnncc wllh a modified version of Ihe German Schlclf- fcn Wheel. Tlic campaign to dale has been divided Into three phases —tile bailie of the benches, tlic bnttlc ol Ihc build-up nud Ihe 1ml- tlc of the break-through. After cracking through Germany's Atlantic »nll defenses, the Allies slnblllzed a line white Ibcy quickly fed men aiirt materials Into their somewhat shakv beachhead. Then, \Vhen a powerful nnny and strong supply dumps had been built up, they struck. Bailie I.lnn Change.' Americans on the right Hank broke through and, In a giant wheeling loop, moved south and cast In n drive to flank the Germans at Cncn nnd open the battle for Pnrls. Bill, while tbc original Hchlelffen plan was mndeilcd after a revolving door with Ihc hinge In the center, the modified Allied plan is fashioned ntlcr a swinging door with the hinge al Caen, on the end. As the door swung open, the battle line, originally almost cast and west, suddenly became almost north nnd south. Once Ihc American right wlnt; reaches the Loire river, It may follow Its valley for a distance Ihen strike Inland to circle around Paris. Sucli a maneuver would virtually seal the Germans off In an Island with the sea on one side, the Loire wllh its bridges cut by Allied planes on another side, and the equally bridge-less Seine river on a third side. Tlie Germans would he left with only a narrow escape corridor between the headquarters of the two rivers. And American columns, racing Inland, arc threatening to blow that alley. Thus the battle for France Is fast turnlnK to a battle for its capital. Recently, a captured Nazi officer told United Press war correspondent Richard McMillan: "The German Arm v is retreating for n Paris stand. There Is not the slightest doubt but that everyone In the German armed forces knows that the war is lost." Livestock ST. LOUIS, Au?. 8 (U. P.)—Hoos 11,500; salable 10,500. ton 1470' 150-240 Lbs. 14.70. Cattla 6.400; salable 6,000; calves 2,500 all salable; mixed yearlings & Heifers 14.50-16; cows 8.50-11; canners and cutlers 5.50-8; slaughter steers 10-17; slaughter heifers 50-16.75; stockcr and feeder steers 7.50-13. . Canadian and British Forces In Caen Sector Gain 4 Miles Through Breach In Nazi Lines Americans Hear Le Mans Also Advance Toward French Capital LONDON, Ann. 8 (U.P,)_Two powerful Allied jinnio.s have pjiecd off new K aiiiR in twin drives on 'Paris, lilUe more than 100 n|ilc.s away. In the Caen sector of Normandy, a Canadian and Hritihli "•my HI Lm> column* IU.H cranhod ilccp liilo (icfmiin lines m n ftill-Hcalo drive oil Paris, At this .same Lime Americnn columns from IJrllliuiy .are cbnvor K in R on I,c Mana, y more thi.ii 100 miles 'mulhvrail of the Prench cim- I-Y>r tlic moment, the nmtn Allied* power apparently Is conccnlialcd In the G'ucn sector. There (ho Cailn- dlan First : Army .pushed nir Iwfdro diuvii this morning In n drive (|i already has carried nlmost four miles on both- sides of the Cucn- Fulnlso highway. All the Inltliil objectives warn taken. And front reports Indicate Ihe Canadians still are pmimltiig ahead against strong oiieiny 'opposition. Massed Canadian, nnd British fains are pouring murderous slioll- flro inlo the, German lines. Al the same Umcrwuvc-on wavo of Allied wnrplane.s. arc spraying, the Nar.l defenders wllh bombs; nnd shcllll™. Mure than TOO: Americnn henvy bombers hit Ihe enemy's lines shortly niter midday!. They splattered 20,000 100-pound- , fi alimentation bombs across' the thrcc-mllc-wlde corridor tliro.i!gh' > y,'hlch' Hie • Canadians nrd,attacking. .. • ,-v. Earlier, •Ilia HAP.had gone qyor Ihc snmojircn. At mldnlRhl/moro thnn iq.OO four-cnglncd British bombcrvmijondcd B000.to.ns- of explosives on llio enemy Just is mln-- ulcs before the zero .lioiir," At the last report, the Canadians had sclwsrt four villages nil wlttiln a six to seven irillc arc southeast of' Cach. Other,slrongpolnls iinve 'been by-passed. Al Hie sauirj' time British Tommies on the Cnnudlnns' right flunk arc fighting-to extend their bridgehead across '• the Orno river south of Caen. •''-..,'•'. . Tho second drive 'tin Paris/, the Americnn push eastward ,fr6m tlic base of the Brittany pcriltisula, also Is saining. At Ihe last otflclrilfc- liort the Yanks were '.weiring Le Mans nnd a BBC report .'has Just declared the Yanks have passed U. Mnrs nnrt are only 100 miles south-' west of Paris. ' ' ', Only nt Ihc center of the long front arouiKJ Avrnnclics has tlie Al- 1 lied mlvmice been Impeded. However, front .reports Indicate Hint Americnn troops nrc. beating back Ihe four Cltrman lank divisions hurled Inlo a desperate co.miier-nt- lack elisl of Avranchcs.'The Ger- mnns pcnetralcd ii|> lo. three miles Inlo American lines yesterday. But only at llic terrific cost of at lensl 154 tanks, the equivalent of, h pun- "ir division, 'destroyed'or damaged. No new developments ure rejwrl- cd from Brittany where American troops Insl were reported fighting In the outskirts of Brest, St. Na- rairc, Saint MA!O and Lorient. Part of tlic Lorlcnl garrison Is' reported trying to quit In defiance of their commander's "stnnrt-and-dlc" order. And a German communique hints that the norl may already have fallen. I Japanese Ships At Shanghai Hit U. S. Heavy Bombers . Damage Harbor Area, 'Chungking Reports l)y Unllfd 1-rf.ss American licavy Ixitnbers are reported to hnvc attacked .Inpnnr.sc sliluplng nt tho big north Chinese port of Shahijhnl today. '.nic. central Chincfic news agency suys from Chungking the attack took place at noon nnd caused urcal devastation In Shanghai hai- lior. ohunRklnii nddn'tlml shipping In tho Wh.amiwa i-lvcr was. severely; t'odny Tokyo 'lialil' a lone Amprlcan Injljijrutor heavy bomber Shniighiili but icIalmCtydi- only slight. <lanmgo. : <i 'for the . lund hglillng' in Late Bulletins WAJiHINOION, Aug. 8 (UP.) ' —Nuvy Secrclary Forrestal announces Hint Krar Admiral Ron I*. Moon, commander of a tasjt force. In the Invasion of Nor- mamly, conmilttcd: suicide on Saturday, "apparently as a result of combs,', fallfuc." HAVANA, C'uba, Aug. 8 (UP) —A I'an American Airways Clip- jicr crushcil uuil »arik In Antll- h lln> In the West Indies to- dny. First reports Indicate that nn unilcitcTinlnciI number *«!, Ilic 2G peft>nns aboard «ere' drowned. , J' IONDON, Aug. 8 (UP) _ A Nnil cnmnicnlator says rollsh form In Warsaw .have ingagtil the (jcrin.tm In B major battle,. lln- commenlalor, however, f ilnlms Hie partisan attempt to scl/n complete conlrol of ilielr country's nipilol lias hten | frus- tixilcd. AM1ANY, Aug 8 (DP) -, Thnnias ' J. Curraii, Governor Dewej's secretsry of state, hat been nominated unanimously for llnlUri bUles Senator by (lie Kcn'nhlloan' Slate 'Committee. He will oppose Senator flolicrl K YVngner. veteran Pfcw l>c.ilcn in tljr November election. •/• Ah .— v..., . .,,,,., l.&ll^lllg til China,- the japs alSo :-claiin' lliclr iinny bus captured tl'ic key rail city of Hcngyriiig In'HMnun Province. There's- been no iate word from Clitmgkliig on tho fighting within Ilciigyring, ' ' • -•'Oul-ln tho Pacific, the Japanese position on Guam Island {3 becoming worse by tlic dfty. The Amorl- cans, moving ahead at a clip ot Ilirec nille.f n ciiiy, Imvc the Jaixs whore-they wnht Ihein, :-rlgiil In n liny nrea nt the nortliem ciid of (lie. Island. Elbow room for the ?™"' y troops is 8"tlliig less nnd trapped In less thnn one lenlh of Gunni's area and nre complclcly cut off from supplies, and reinforcements. Japan's new premier hasn't pull- I 1 -any punches In telling Hie Japanese. pe.ople ns well as military leaders that they'll hnvc lo mobilize their total alrcnglh. Premier-Kolso says difficult situations nrc arising In • various parts of Japan's.front lines. , N. O. Cotton Gestapo Hongs Eight Officers After 'Hear/nif less, The'-Jans arc Mar. May July Oct. Dec. open 2064 2040 2033 2105 high 5071 2053 2033 2m 2085 2003 low close pr.cl. 2058 2067 20CO 2038 2019 2047 2016 2020 2026 2006 2103 2100 2077 2030 2080 Aug B (HP,)— Even .its German positions on the battle- jfronl disintegrate, the Nads are despcialeh.; hying to solidify tlipfr | positions on the home,-front. Berlin's tieason ^trlnl of elghl Oermnn fifflceis accused of plotting to kill Kltlci ended 'abiuptly today. Official German accounts say the light, Iricludlng Field Marshal Wllzlohcn and three,generals, ''confessed" Iheli RUlll and weic hanEed hours later They were found i y by a provincial court in Bcr- '< lln after- n sensational: two-day I Irlal In addition, the Court of Honor 1ms expelled four * other officers . from the army. The two-day trial <1 was held in secret and much of (lie testimony was-cither, suppressed or obviously doctored by the Germans. As the trial ended tho Germans renewed [heir reward offer of* one million marks for tlie^apprehen^ /.Ion of Dr Karl Goerdeler, th5 former mayor of Leipzig, who was Involved In the plot. The Nazis promise "severe ' punishment" . to nny Oermnn found harboring him. ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy with widely scallcred thiinclcrsliowers today, tonight nnd Wednesday.- New Finn President Florence Still Scene of Battle British Encounter Strong Nazi Defenses In Flanking Attempt ROME, Aug. 8 (UP)— Anptlicr'd.iy Is helm; closed ''out In the Undecided buttle for the ancient city of Florence. Tlic British Eighth Army, In an apparent attempt to encircle Florence, drove to the southern bank of (he Arno river In >a sector five miles southeast of the-historic art center. Immediate fighting broke out as the British came up against strong iVazl positions.' In the southern suburbs of Florence, other British units arc getting set for a final attack to drive the Germans out of their present holdings. Allied headquarters has debunked a German claim that British guns shelled Florence. Reconnaissance pictures show the Nazi-held ureas to be undamaged. No other Important action is reported elsewhere froni Italy, but FIAF bombers bnsed In Italy early Ihls morning started fires In at- 'sy parliamentary appointment £n,» ?„ A,»JT» Rlrf cld '*°« lh of 77-year-old Field Marshal Baron The Pro Suir r»rt< "• K< Catl Gusldf Manncrlieim is Ic ™ nfircrrX are^m&.r"'* "•'" P^idcnl ot Finland, following an .SWrwT ™"e d Sans r «^"^» ol ^AsU* Mil. are pictured as havlnn been forced ™ ofe **? * . mon , lh , B lcr . h , e o bring up fresh Bulgarian and threw nls nations lot with Chelnik reinforcements. , Germany, Three Marines Frorri County To Be Travelers' Three (Mississippi County Marines will receive Arkansas Traveler commissions lii commemoration of the second anniversary yesterday of the Marines' landing on Guadalcanal. Pfc. Raymond Crawford 'of Bly- thcvillc, Corp' Malcolm G. Ralph of Joiner and Pfc. Lowell Anderson of Dycss, all members of the First Marine Division who took pare in the Initial Invasion of Guadalcanal, will : be awarded the commission, signed Sunday by Governor Adkins for presentation to the 12 Arkansas First Division Marines, all of whoih have served 26 months overseas.- . Described as "an expression of our high regard for the Marines in Arkansas and the great job they have done for us," the presentation of the awards was made by Secretary of State c. G. Hall to .Capp James N. Perkins, Officer in charge of the Marine Corps Recruiting and InJ ductton Station in Little Rock. Yesterday wns celebrated by. (he Marines all over the world as "Guadalcanal Day". On Aug. 7, 1942, Marines made the first attack after Pearl Harbor, stopping an advance directed by the Japanese against Australia. ,. ... New York Stocks AT&T ,,..,-... i 62 i. 2 Amcr Tobacco 71 1-* Anaconda Copper ......... 25 3.4 Beth Steel .....,,...,...,., 60 1-2 Chrysler . ...-••;'•/;•.•.....'...-• 89 t-S Gen Electric .........,..; 375.3 Gen Motors ..;.'.......... 61' Montgomery Ward'...,,.,, -47 « N Y Central :.vj..v:.'i../- 18 7-8 Int Harvester \./,..\i.. A; 77 1-1 Standard of W'J .';•..;.....-• 54 3.4 Texns Corp. .;'.iv,,.,.i'.;.,' 47 5-8 ;

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