B1,YTHBV7IJ,K (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 19M .THE BLYTHEVtLLB COURIEE NEWS j THK COURIER NEWS OO. H. W HAINES, Publiibtr ' ' KARRY A HAINES, AKliUnt PublUtwr ' A. A. FREDRICK6ON, Associate Editor i. PAUL D. HUMAN, Advertising ] S»le National Advertising RcpreaenUtirei: Wallace Witmer Oo, New Vork, Chicago. Detroit Atlanta, Memphli. _ Entered as second class matter at the po«t- offlce at Blytheville, Arkan&u. under act ol Con. October 9. HIT Member ot The Associated Pre ' SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier In the city oi Blytheville or »nj i »uburbai\ town *here carrier service ta main' teined, 20c per week, or 85c i>er month. By mail, within a radius ot 50 miles »4.00 pt« ' year, »2.00 for six months, »1.00 for three monthi: * by mail outside M mile lone, 110.00 per r**> ^ payable In advance. i Meditations Then said Jesus to those Jews which b»li*">* 'on him, !f .ve continue In my word, then are jl my disciples • indeed,— John »:31, Faith builds a bridge across the gulf o< Death. To break Ihe shock blind nature cannot shun, And lauds Thought smoothly on the further shore. —Young. ^irresponsible Critics of EGA Hurt Congressional Prestige It's heartening that the bill auUior- ] rang Marshall Plan aid for a third year ; has come through the House with relatively slight damage. The House approved a measure con- 1 taininjr ?3,102,450,000, including ?25,000,000 for, a starl on President Truman's so-called Point Four program for the economic development of backward areas. The overall total is $270,000,000 below Administration requests, $20,000,000 having been lopped off- Point Four end the rest off general foreign aid. Considering the current high stale of Republican rebellion against Mr. Truman's foreign policy, supporters of full foreign aid can be happy that a bigger bite was not taken out of tht bill. As usual', some pretty determined •fforts were made to slash the program or restrict it. A proposal to cut $500,000,000 off the total failed. Then, af-- ter $250,000,000 had been chopped out, opponents took a second swipe in hop* of reducing the figure by'another J150,- 000,000. But this also failed. Rep. John M. Vorya, Ohio Republican, unsuccessfully sought to cut the cash total by |1,000,000,000 and substitute government-held farm surpluses equal to that amount. Temporarily approved, however, was another proposal to achieve a similar cash reduction and make it up by purchasing farm surpluses in the open market. Fortunately the House later reversed this action. I would have lent substance to Communist charges that the EGA program is chiefly a disguised scheme for dumping U. S. surpluses abroad. Unquestionably the worst blow aimed at .the bill was that proposing that all further aid to Great Britain be banned ' until the partition of Ireland is ended. With startling suddenness, this fantastic amendment was tentatively approved, 99 to 66, in a non-roll call vote. Again .luckily the House reversed this move and struck out the offending provision. Perhaps by now the outside world is growing accustomed to these Wind swings by the House, and doesn't take them loo seriously. Bui surely they're a poor advertisement for the souse of responsibility in the U. S. Congress. 'Apparently it docs liltle good to lament this sort of thing. The House has done it before and undoubtedly will a^ain. Possibly nesl year it will suspend aid to Italy until that country stops giving asylum to Ingrid Bergman. One can hope, however, lliat the Senate will approach this year's Marshall Plan authorization with greater responsibility. There's nothing sacred about the exact sum recommended by Mr. Truman. But amendments and criticisms should go lo the merits of Ihe bill. Most of the proposals for reduction and restriction of the foreign aid program come not from lawmakers sincerely concerned with reasonable economy and efficiency. They come from those who in their hearts dislike the oiilire program and would do anything they can to cripple it or destroy it. it would be refreshing lo hear these men say what they really feel and to learn what honest alternatives to the Marshall Plan 'they propose—if they hnv« any. once over lightly— Some Old Pals Drop In Bf A. A. V th*re'a anything I admire more than ad- •ilralion, It'i perservanct. And as top dog In any man'a perservance competition, I hereby nominate a Florida-Washington commuter named Truman —a determined »oul who almost single-handedly can spend money mighty nigh ax fast u 150,000,000 persona can dredge It up. ft t«k«s no small Amount of figuring to dream up way» to put a country as big u the U. S. u fir down in the financial hole as it is, It requires considerable head-scratching and a lot of Florida sunshine to trump up ways to justify spending more money than you make and still stay in business. Admittedly, Cousin Harry fudged a bit. As one way lo blow a lot of cash, he saw to it that dosens of bureaus of depression and wartime origin were perpetuated and added umpteen others. These bureaus in turn, proved enormously helpiul in spending more money. Too, Brother Truman lifts a slight advantage that the run-of-the-mill spendthrift lacks— the biggest pack of fall-guys ever wrapped in one bundle and delivered to a politician's doorstep. The fall-guys for this, the nation's biggest payroll robbery? Us lucky little taxpayers. But like a slot machine addict, Truman's not content, with the first handful of nickels that comes clinking Into the cup. It Isn't bad enough that he wants to jack up the deficit with wild schemes for regimenting our lives from the delivery room to the embalming slab via federal housing, federal aid to education, compulsory health insurance, socialized medicine, federal power projects, extended social security and the Brannan Plan. His latest mental miscarriage beats these by a country mile and leaves him top contender for any itwurrt offered for sheer perservance. I Mn speaking, when I'm not gagging over it, about Truman's proposal to up the ante for unemployment compensation to $30 a week for a possible 36-week stand. (He suggests a >42-a-week compensation for those with dependents.) Considering the hundreds of characters who aren't and never will be worth more than $30 a week even if .they live long enough to see a Republican elected president, this proposition makes unemployment mighty attractive, especially In the South and Midwest where fewer paychecks are handed out according lo the fine print on a union contract. There's more to this scheme. Truman also would make «,000,00o persons now In jobs not covered by the presenlTiftw eligible for the increased compensation. And ' he would have employers who come under the law pay the three per cent unemployment compensation tax on tiie first $4,800 of a worker's yearly pay Instead tX the first $3,000 u »l present. I found it hard to repress a bitter chuckle when I noted that of the 6,000,000 workers Truman wants included under such a plan, 1,700,000 would b« government employes. Unemployment couldn't happen to a nicer bunch of people than about seven-eighths of this number. Considering that there are about 2,000,000 federal employes (I don't know how many government workers Ihere »re, but that's the number of employes) and that roughly 300,000 probably would be needed to operate the government ev-/ en U the Vegetarian Party came into power, It appears that Mr. T. is fixing it up so It will cost us even If someone does take an ax to the governmental undergrowth. Anyone waul a slightly-used typewriter cheap? I'm planning a 2€-week vacation with pay. Just forward my checks to Key West, please. DUCKING THE ISSUE— During Hie past several weeks, 1 have been asked by an increasing number of persons: "Why don't you ease up on Truman for a while and write about some of the things here In Blytheville." Among suggested topics have been local politics, the city Council, the police department, the fire department, teachers' salaries, the airport, city streets, the traffic situation (including stop lights), enforcement of traffic laws and the natural gas proposition. However, no' one who has had offered complaints or criticism about any the above topics to date has accompanied same with any sort ol proof thai would keep the Courier News out ol a civil or criminal libel suit. Well, you say, why doesn't that typewriter jockey check Into some of these comments he gets to see If there's anything to them? Because that takes time and effort funds. I've got effort but lack time and also suffer from an acute case .of mortgages. Also, many of the conditions criticized —justly or otherwise— exist without prospect of change unless the citizens as a whole want them changed — »nd are willing to foot the bill, via taxes, etc. People like to criticize, but nearly ml fall to justify their complaints by participation in civlo affairs. Spectators at City Council meetings arc mighty lonely people. If you've got a beet, drop • round— find out how your cily government operates and then if you still don'l like it, register a beef. The council meets on the second Tuesday of each month and the sessions »r» open to the public. AROUND, TELLOW/- 1LL-BET51GHT Peter Ft/son's Washington Column — Labor War on European Docks Seen over U.S. Arms Shipment WASHINGTON — (NEA)— Antl- Communist labor war on the waterfronts of Europe, to insure unloading of North Atlantic Pact military aid supplies from America, has been pledged In Washington by officials of the new International Confederation of Free Trade Unions — Peter Ed son plan anti-Com- These assurances are given by J. H. oldenbroeck of The Netherlands, secretary general of ICFTU, and Omer Been of Belgium, secretary of the European International Transport Workers Federation of Labor, Congress ol Industrial Organizations. United Mine Workers and the Railroad Brotherhoods, to tinmist strategy. First shipment cJf u. S. Army supplies for Europe was loaded at New York port of Embarkation Mar. 31. U is bound (or Italy, but port of destination has not been announced. First Naval supplies left Norfolk, Vfl-, aboard the French aircraft carrier Dixmude. First Air Force aid for Europe was the more recent flight oT B-29's to Eneland. Major abjective of the Communist-dominated labor unions tn western Europe today Is to prevent the unloading of these arms from the United States. The counter-attach to this propaganda has already begun. says Mr. Oldenbroeck. Reds Control "Hiring Halls" Statements in favor of the arms dock workers In the principal Eu- I ropean ports. Efforts have been' made to have the waterfront unions vote on this question. Heads of the Communist-dominated, unions have tried to block these referenda. They have thus far been able to block balloting because they control the European equivalents to the American "hiring halls," which supply waterfront labor in. both France and Italy. Anti-Communists are now trying to force the election of new union officials to run the hiring hulls, so that antl-Com- munist^workcrs .will be assigned to handle military 'cargo, and prevent sabatdge. Omer Bercu of the International Trans por t Workers says th is will be an all-out fight in the European ports. An International Vigilance Committee of six longshoremen and seamen has been named to direct operation for all Europe, Regional committees have been set up for Atlantic, Baltic and Mediterranean ports. Local committees are in every port. "We will use the same tactics the Communists use," says Bercu. "We will not allow our people to be beaten. We Intend to tight back. People along the waterfronts have been misled. We have already been successful in Cherbourg and Marseilles/' The situation In Italy U peculiar, says Mr. Bercu. Arms shipments have been scheduled to go into Genoa., which Is Communist controlled. One of Bercue's purposes in visiting Washington U to persuade U.S. officials to ship through Naples, even would have though cargo there to be unloaded on aid program have been Issued to lighters. Instead of at docksidc. Germany Holds Key To Europe s Future By DeWItt MacKenzle Ar Korttgn Affairs Analyst Daily It becomes Increasingly ap- irenl. that the reestablishment of «ace and prosperity In Europe nnot be achieved until the prob- m of Germany's future his been fiposed of. Carrying ns » step further, Amera's high commissioner in Oerma- y, John J. McCloy, tells us that ,he fact Is we cannot solve the jerman problem without fitting It nto the larger context of a united urope." And U.S. Secretary of State Dean cheson, by way of implementing nh Idea, declares that the United tates favors immediate steps to it. Germany Into the organization if Western Europe. He wants Ger- nany to Join the Council of Europe, nprising the 12 North Atlantic lations, itates. including the United In Naples, Bercu declares, th Communist labor leader Dl Stefan —who was a fascist under Mussc !inl—tried to ge longshoremen t adopt a resolution against unloa< ing arm .s. The resolution wa thrown out and so'was Dl Stefan . Genoa IKickworker* Under Red Control The Communist hold over tr port of Genoa I& malntaln through four big co-operativ which enable laboring people buy necessities of life a' low prici "It would take a hero," says Bercu, to go into Genoa at this time to .organize antl-Communist unions. He could not live." Communists have been trying to gain control of the port III Antwerp ever since Belgium was liberated from the Germans, Mr. Bercu declares. In this effort they have used every trick they could muster. They have pulled strikes against Marshall plan cargo In Bordeaux, claiming it was military aid, forcing the ship to unload at Antwerp. The have had fellow-travelers In Denmark declare that arms shipments would no be unloaded at Copenhagen. They have quoted Harry Bridges. U. S. longshoreman's leader and president of the maritime branch of World Federation of Trade Unions, against the handling of Marshall Plan supplies. All such statements have been used to propagandise European workers. Anti-Communist forces are using the same kind of arguments in reverse. They are quoting the recent declarations of seven U. S. maritime unions, in supjport of arms aid to Europe, to show the working people of Europe that American labor unions are with them. Th« DOCTOR SAYS By Ertwin P. Jordan, M.I). Written for NBA Service Both neuritis and neuralgia are >ainful conditions of the nerves Neuralgia is not accompanied by ny Inflammation which can be dentlfied. Neuritis means an in- lammalion of a nerve or of nerves which is accompanied by pain and :enderness, disturbances of feeling or sensation, and a certain amoun of muscular wasting. Either neuritis or neuralgia can je caused by a number of differ ent diseases or conditions. In both :herefore, the problem is to try find the underlying cause. DIabete (especially If the condition has no acen controlled by suitable diet insulin), alcoholism, and infection are among the common causes. Vitamin deficiencies, especiiill the lack of vitamin B-l. may produce nerve pain. One type of neuritis is common among the victims or chronic alcoholism, perhaps at least part of the reason for this is that such persons substitute alcohol food in place of a properly balanced diet containing enough vitamin B-l. Tills type of netiritis often can be much Improved or even relieved entirely by giving enough of this vitamin. Nerve pain accompanies shingles, or herpes zoster. In this disease the cause of the trouble is a virus, Severe anemis can produce neuritis. There are many chemical agents, such .js, arsenic, and many of the substances used in industry which produce neuritis or neuralgia. Infections of almost any kind are frenquent sources of difficulty. Pain Is Terrific Neuritis and neuralgia are often difficult to treat satisfactorily. In some cases the pain is intolerable This is particularly true in people who have been weakened by disease and in the elderly. Relief has sometimes been obtained by killing the nerve by an operation. Ol course, this does not get at the bottom ot the- trouble but it is occasionally necesesary to ease the pain. ' ' Much still has lo be learned about many types of, neuritis and neuralgia—what causes them and how to treat them. Although relief can be given in a great majority of cases, there are still far too many.who suffer from these conditions in spite of . everything which is tried. Truly these are most distressing conditions. Membermhlp Offered As a nutter of fact Germany la.. ready has been offered a&soclat* membership iii that organisation, iut hasn't yet responded. Th« ouncil meets In London about mid- May and the matter may be pur- ued at tHat time. Problem and possible solution, « slated in those terms, don't ait particularly complicated. Howe* the underlying difficulties are vast, ind. they arise from objections In both camps. Chancellor Adenauer of the West German .government believes Germany's future lies with Western Europe. However, lie preses for German equality and security which :he French, In particular/ are worried about. It will be long before Western Europe, rids Itself o( the fears engendered by past German military aggression as displayed in two world wars. John Bull Is Issue The mnln isnte, from the western standpoint. Is whether John Bull will throw hfs full \vetght Into such a union with the idea of connter- b"lanclnw German membership. Unless Britain does so, France isn't likely—at this writing—to accept Germany into full partnership. The French are said to take the position that a union o( western Europe which Included themselves and Germany, but lacked, full British support, would, soon become unbalanced in Germany's favor. That makes Paris ponder in terms ot another world war, although , the western allies have thumbs (irmly down on German rearmament. But assuming all these difficulties have been ironed out, there still remains a problem which is a potential breeder of conflict. Is the division of the Reich, \ Eastern Germany/ already absorbed into the Soviet orbit u a satellite. Germans Are Clannish The Germans not only are highly ndependciit and nallnoallstic, but [hey are a clannish people. Those two separate parts will in due course cos-lcsce, Just as surely, as tht sun rises. In short we cannot reconstruct a peaceful Europe on tht now exists." framework of the division -which That brings us up agflinst th« question ot what hopes there are of Russia and the western power* reaching agreement for a united Germany. The : present Indications are that the hopes are very small indeed. Moscow appears to be aim- Ing at consolidating Its hold on Eastern Germany and then persuading the three western tones to unite with the Eastern Red go»em- Such'an arrangement would glvt Russia control of the key. position, economically and militarily,' Injjfev tral Europe. r •: 1& 1 So the best the western allies cart do at this juncture is to hold onto Western Germany, on the basis ,hat half a-loaf Ls better than none. However, as I see it, that leaves us neaval which will-grow out Bf the facing the likelihood of another up- clismembertnent of Germany and .he determination of her people to reunite. IN HOLLYWOOD By Ersklne Jonnson SKA Sla.fr Correspondent HOLLYWOOD (NKA>—A rubber mnsk will transform Irene Dunne into Queen Victoria (or ttie movie version of Ted Bonnet's best-selling novel, "Tlie Mudlark." The mask wiH save Irene from the loitues of a four-hour make-up job every morning. Joe E. Brown Ls working on plans for a big baseball film after he completes his sis-month Australian tour In "Harvey." One of his biggest hits was "Elmer the Great, 1 * (he Ring: Lardncr bu.shcr story. Don't write oil the Jackie Coogan-Ann McCormick rift a.s permanent. Friends are bringing them together.at every opportunity and think a reconciliation Is around the corner. . . , Dennis O'Kcele asked a prop man to loosen the rnp on soda bottle he had to open for scene in "The Wall Outside," "I want It to conic off easily." he s "I'd like my fans, lo thing I have muscles." Hollj wood bus gone Dixieland rrai-.y wtth Charleston contests at Ihft Mocatiiho ami CIrn's and I'clc Daily's hoi band al the Bevcrl, Hills Tropics. Other night the drummer In Pete's band was Man l>allc^r, J)an sloptttri bralhiij (li drums for a mlnulr In opine: "This new jazz thing shows tha Americans are more Telnxert than the world Ihlnks. A leiiic. worrict nation doesn't go in for jazz/Dan and Betty Grablr ar« playing their third husband-aiin-wif dance learn In "My Blue KCAVCII." "In this one/' says Dan. "we're television couple. Before this, \\ were In burlesque and vnudcvilli We're nboul to rim out of enter talmneut media." Swanky tolly-wood Ice carver, ts on the verge f becoming the We,st Coast Ft. nox. He Just patented a plastic iold for sculptured Ice. . , . L!z- beth Scott and Dorothy McGuirc re battling for the chance to do "ennoAsee Williams' "Summer and Smcke" on the screen. . . . Una Merkei comes hack Into her own omcdy niche as the wife of Bill Bendix In "Kill the Umptre," r\c ordtng to producer John Beck. She's been off the screen lor two 'cars. James Mason blasts the myth I M I he flies Into tizzies every (im« lis old British pictures art released in this country. Mason gave me eohl slnre and xald: "I don't mind my old pictures at all" Mason Ls Europe-bound to make celluloid love to Ava Gardner in 'Pandora and the Plying Dutchman." Pola Ncgri's big limousine has Texas license plate. Has Pola been hiding oil wells? ... A new Ice cream parlor on Vine street and nvKntfons lo "an See cream social* brought out Dan Duryca, Wanda Hcnririx, Hod Cameron and Virginia Field. They were very happy about 1L all. The opening nlghl spc cial was ice cream .soda,s made with champagne. Hollywood doll: "You have AUK Inferior." psychiatrist to movl no complexes. Yoi M-G-M's plam to co-slru RonaV Colman and Greer Garson In "Th Halls of Ivy" will have to wait un til Grcer ends her six-month Icav ot absence. . . . George Gla« \\\F. bought a new home in the- Los Fell .-,,.. .. . district. Says George: "It ovxr Lou Coslellos new stables for his | looks absolutely nothin*" c« horses have all knotty pme| See HOLLYWOOD on i» ne ' U McKENNEY ON BRIDGE By William E. McKrnncy America's Card Authority Written for NEA Service Entry and Exit arris Valuable Every bridge player appreciates he value of entry cards which will ake tricks and permit him to enter ils own hand or the dummy. Good •>layers also know the value or an exit card, or a losing card In » suit controlled by an opponent. By carefully timing the play of an exit card, you can throw a chosen player In the lead and force him to play to you. When South saw the dummy after the opening club lead, he did no feel any particular concern. He could count eight sure tricks, with out a finesse, and the ninth woulc be his if cither the hearts or rlla morris were divided 3-3 In the op if Che red suits railed to break. Now he took three rounds of hearts, only to find that East had a stopper. He then ran off three rounds of diamonds, ending up In di'mmy—and again West failed to follow on the third round. Now South did not make the mis- ake of trying the spade .finesse or his ninth trick. He knew thai West still held three "clubs, am might hold the scadc king, so he ed the nine of clubs from dummy West won and cashed two more club ricks. South discarding his two mall spades. Forced to lead a spade West gave South a ninth trick. * 103 V AKQ J » Q 10 7 S 4974 A AQ8S ¥743 « A KS + A 108 Rubber—N-S vul. SouUi WrU Nurlh . I * Pass 2 V 2N.T Pass 3N. T. Opening—*S Pass Pass 11 •75 Years Ago Today Mr. and Mrs. Jesse M. White and ;on, and'Mrs. Alice Womack spent the week end In Equality, and other points of southern Illinois, visiting relatives. Frank Atkins • left yesterday 'by motor for his home in Long Beach, Calif., after a visit with his sister. Mrs- Harvey Morris and family. The public Ls invited to a pageant to be presented by the members of the Missionary society of the'.Pirst Baptist Church at 7:45 tonight at the church. Mrs. W. M. Williams, Mrs. Lloyd Stickmon, Mrs. R. L. Reeder and Miss Dcia Purtle have the leading roles In the pageant which portrays the progress of history and interprets present day conditions. Songstress Answer to Previous Puiil HORIZONTAL 58 Pewter coin 1,6 Depicted «£ Thailand singer (She is on the waves 12 Harangue 13 Make a mistake 14 Firmament 15 Scottish cap 16 Extensive plain (Sp.) 18 Observe 19 Trumpet poncnUV ha 1 ~n, lie allowed East to win the tlrst Irlck with the queen of clubs. When n cluh was returned, South won with the ace, having planned the use ot the third club as »n <xll card 59 Relieves VERTICAL J Cooking ufensil 2 Age 3 Hazard « Great (ab,) 5 Shout 6 Meadow 7 Sea eagle 8 God of love 9 Declare mouth 10 Eisenhower's 21 Essential being nickname. 23 Anatomical tl Cereal grass tissue . 17 Lines (ab.) 25 Greek god of 20 Organ of war hearing 28 Frosler, as of 22 Tree fluid cakes 23 Philippic 29 Chief god oi Memphis • 30 Symbol for rhodium 31 Proceed 32 Army order (ab.) 33 Behold! 34 Low haunts 37 Encourage 39 Elder son of Isaac (Bib.) 40 Go bj 41 Drop of eyt fluid 44 Waste allowance 46 Capuchin monkey 48 Harem 50 British money of hccount 53 Philippine peasant 54 Comp*ss point 55 Fork prond RA&Of Kl ^C 24 Reverberates 44 Symbol for 26 Birds of prey tantalum 27 Discharges, as 45 Ceremony a weapon 46 Musical 35 Country direction 36 Take court 47 Swiss river action against 49 Rot flax by 37 Mimic 38 Conductors' rods 42 On the ocean 43 Pause exposure 51 Scottish sheepfold 52 Onager 56 Medical suffix!
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