Â» TV^T "*L Valley News Review BY BILL BAILKY Herald Cily Editor A N eld old blues song with a newly-added verse was being sung ^ M n the Lower Rio Grande Valley. The main chorus wafted to its highest crescendo at Brownsville. Situated fartherest away from the large produce market centeis of the Middle West and along the. Eastern Seaboard, the Valley has for many years been confronted with the problem of excessive railway m *Servcd by onlv two railroads, the gigantic, spider-webbed Southern P-rific and the 'cumbersome, sprawling Missouri Pacific Lines, the. Valley haft battled against a rate differential oftenesl referred to as the Rotastown Gate d i f f e r e n t i a l Only by producing a superior quality of fruit and vegetables has Valley shippers and growers been able to compete in the markets o f ' t h e nation, although the two deep water ports at Brownsville and Pert Isabel had eased he situation to some extent. Now, however, even water transportation was threatened wuh a r a p i d ' c a r r o t l n g unless t h e Interstate Commerce Commission takes some action t o give t h e Valley relief. , , , . , _ The new notes of the old song were being walled with a deeper nhacle of indigo last week when it was learned that one banana company, and perhaps three others, were transferring headquarters tn Galvcston, f a r t h e r up the Gulf Coast. i The reason--a saving of $100 on each carload of bananas shipped by rail. Company officials said that the added expense of an extra day at sea for their coastwise vessels was very much less than the saving in rail rates. Thus far, it was merely a singing of the blues by those benefited by the tropical f r u i t business at Brownsville and * wearied "ho hum" from those who could do something about it, Firemen To Observe Week yr*^ imported; catfish, 2,232; croaker, pcrffou, 7G3: b" .lenccd buffalo. 75 week ending Friday. Of that; amount, the following 18,042; redfish, 0,717; snapper, 5,- * Â« * Â« An outwardly calm negro couple. Friday heard likeable Federal Judge Allen B. Hannay pronounce sentence upon them after their conviction in U. S. District Court upon charges of using Uncle Sam's mail service to d e f r a u d . Mathes H, Coleman. well-known throughout the Vallley and who speak* unusually so/t and good English, was sentenced to serve five y r a r s in prison and another five years was suspended with supervision. Hi* wife, Ruth, stretcher-ridden in "court, got a two-year term with another two years suspended along with five years supervision. The couple had been operating an orphange for negro children near the "Combes Mountains" and were accused by the government of usinp a nation wide letter campaign to raise funds, Black-haired, bustling Former Governor James V. Allred headed the defense counsel for the Colemans aided by Ronald Smallwood of Hr.rlmgen. Their defense was based mainly upon testimony that f u n d s received from the appealing letters was used solely to finance and develop the orphangc. They paraded Valley residents, mostly from Harllngcn. as witnesses who testified that the Colemans were honest, law-abiding citizen* with a yearning in their hearts to better the lot. of the negro race. The government had Its innings too. Former Cameron County . Sheriff Tom Morrison, studious Jack Winch, former county attorney, Booming: John Barron. public school superintendent, and Harllngon's Constable "Jake" Children testified In simple, direct words thai Colemnn'* reputation as to voracity and RÂ« A. law-abiding citizen was "bad." Climax to on* of the longest trials In federal court at Brownsville In years, ramp when the Colemans transferred the orphanage lock, t/vork and barrel to the Catholic Church. Bishop E. B. Led v i n a , hend of I he church diocese at Corpus Christ!, however peeked Into A "gift horse's mouth" and emphatically nixrd the transfer. The Ink was hardly dry upon the first deed when Smallwood fll*-d- a corrected deed transferring the Institution to the Salesian SiMers of Lnredo, who wasted no time in sending representatives V C:mernn county to take over the orphanage. It was the seething behind-the-scenes story of the trial which Interested the largest number of Valley citizens. The courtroom was m a r l y bare of spectators during the trial, but telephones into the Herald's news room were kept busy answering Inquiries regarding proBrrrw. of the proceedings. When the Colemans were before the bar r.f justice for sentencing Friday, behind them sat and stood a packed audience. CMeman told reporters t h a t the press had treated him fairly and t h a t he had only two objections r.o news dispatches. HP did not likft being referred to ns a former janitor nnd a mtniMf.T he said ^because "I have nevor been a Janitor and I could nrt be n minister because T nm a Cntholic." A n o t h e r h l K n l i g h t of tho t r i a l which carried much drama, for tho.Â«'.e on the Inside wan the appearance of W. F. Pohlen, formerly M Brou-nsvllle nnd San Antonio, who was brought Into court upon a s t r e t c h e r after an order was Issued by Judge Hannay. AreorcWng to testimony, It was Pohlen who contracted to conduct the letter campaign. He Insisted that he was required to show the Colemans proof of every letter he d r a f t e d for mailing. One of the inter* presented In the Indictment Included a paragraph: "Buzzards, bit:. blnc:k evil-looking vultures nre circling over our cottage. What w o u l d happen, dear benefactor, If you did not chase them away from our h u m b l e home in Santa Rosa." Testimony revealed that the letters were mailed through the t f i f f i c e at Santa ROSA, although the orphanage is located near Combrs. * Â« Â» Â· "TWO other smouldering Issues were bubbling and boiling underneath and had those sitting on the lid Jittery that the volcano would Eddie Valent, chief of the Brownsville Fire D e - partment, said that members here will obscrx's "Texas Firemen Week" proclaimed by the Governor, June fl-14, The bill was signed May 15 setting' the second week In June to coincide with dates of the state firemen's convention. The convention will be V held at Amarlllo as the 71st State Convention, June 10-11-12. In signing: the bill the Governor said, "I earnestly call the attention of every citizen in the State to the service rendered a-ncl sacrifices made by the men who constitute the membership of all fire departments in Texas." Dealer* For* ADMIRAL Â· ( Refrigerators and Radios BEND IX EUREKA Vacuum ' Cleaners EASY Washing Machines Â· SUNBEAM Electrical |f Appliances \ WESTING- I HOUSE " Radios and } Appliances DELTA fuANDRESEN'S , , rrME BA^icR, Marshall Seeks Program On Cooperation In Europe CAMBRIDGE, Mass., June 7 (/?) --Secretary of State Marshall, has called upon the countries of Europe to work oufc together a great new program of reconstruction. He promised American economic assistance and support "so far as It may be practical." And at the same time he pledged the United States to oppose "any government which maneuvers to block the recovery of other countries." Without naming any foreign country or party, Marshall declared in the outline of an address prepared for a meeting, of the Harvard Alumni Association: "Governments, political parties or groups which seek to perpetuate human misery in order to profit therefrom politically or otherwise will encounter the opposition of the United States," Marshall did not specify how much monoy the American government Intends to make available but said Europe must have "substantial additional help" during the next three to four years or "face economic, social and political deterioration of a very grave character." Ho disclosed several weeks ago that his policy planning stuff is engaged in a gigantic survey of world needs. Marshall said United. States financial and other help "must not be on a piece-meal basis as various crisos develop. Any assistance ha I; this "ovrrnment may render in the future should provide a cure rather than a mere palliative." Tho secretary declared "our policy is directed not against; any country or doctrine but; a gainst hunger,- poverty, desperation and chaos. "It is logical thai; the United States should do whatever it. is ablo to assist In the return of normal economic health in the world, without which there can be no political stability and no assured pence." The purpose of such an American policy should be to revive "a working economy," Marshall said, and thus "permit the emergency of political and social conditions In which free Institutions can exist." Cross Faces Charge In County Court Here A charge of "driving while license is suspended" 'was filed against Thomas G r i f f i n Cross in Judge Cox' court yesterday by County Attorney P. T. Graham. According to the court docket;, Cross wos found guilty and sentenced to pay $4.2,50, including costs, and 15 days in the county Jail on a similar charge, Apr. 4. Cross was before the court, Aug, 26, 1946, on a charge of aggravated assault with a motor vehicle. REPORT FISH IMPORTS A report issued by Hugh T. Wood, deputy collector of U. S. Customs nl; Brownsville, showed thnl: a total of 41 ,'182 pounds of fish were 1m- Onr of these was the alien labor situation which was reportedly \ working smoothly once more a f t e r the off-ngain-on-agaln Mexican o f f i c i a l s changed their policies again. The Bank of Mexico heads at \ Ivfvnosa announced t h a t it would refuse to take deposits from A m e r i c a n farmers for return of aliens to Mexico after their JotTM wr-Tf- finished. Then the next day, they reversed themselves and Announced t h Â« depowlts would be accepted. ; M e a n w h i l e , h i n t s t h a t all employers were not making application : to c o n t r a c t for the services of alien workers came out of a meeting : UM. wr-rk. A. L. Cramer, 701 sa, and one of tho leaders in Inaugurating i Â».hr program in accordance with an agreement between tho two \ nation,*, pointed out that employers /ailing to make proper appllca- ' l i n t t l r . i i mployers /ailing to make proper appllca- ! . . . fared the probability of seeing their employes taken Into i ruf tody by the U. B. Immigration Service and deported a-cross the ! Rio Grande. j The second situation was the proposed removal of the 100-acre I l i m i ' n t l o n upon land ownership irripatod by reclamation projects. 7*he Valley was sharply divided upon- the question with Cameron County Judge Oscar C. Dancy, Harlingeri Attorney John C. Myrick congressmen and a group of realtors opposing tho limit lifting. Caught in the middle were Texas senators nnd congrcBsmc who seemed uncertain of which side of the fonce was best after all. 7'hr answer was anxiously n waited. Air Scouts Receive Invitation To Camp Brownsville Air Scout Squadron 2OI, sponsored by the 20-30 Club, har been invited to attend the en- rarnprnem to be held at Randolph Pi fid Junn 7-14, The e n c a m p a m e n t is an annual- rvr-n? sponsored by the regional office of the Boy Scouts of America MUST COMK D O W N ; Â·RADIATORS* FOR AM, C'AKS A T H U O K S I.Â»rr**t Stork in South 'lraÂ» WIST Q U A L I T Y AT LOWEST P f l l C K S F O R D A - I C n r t l n t o r i i Â«'4?.7ft C i l K Y K Fn*Â«. K n r l U t o M J'JR.in .vw r u t * v i v o ritic;K ONLV Sfi.OO 1Vi h.itf t h r ftaclUtnr EXCEL'RADIATOR EXCHANGE !Â·; K. n t h . st, Uro in cooperation with the Army Air Force, Moro than 300 Scouts from Oklahoma, Texas and New Mexico are expected to attend. Doro Bestciro Is squadron leader of the Brownsville group, assisted by Kent Copenhaver and Ra- rnon Garcia. Subjects scheduled for intensive study Include navigation, weather, radio, and airplane instruments. The Scouts will be instructed in operation of the "Link Trainer, 1 which is the alre forces' device .for teaching instrument flying on the- ground, OFFICERS ATTEND BARBECUE More than 200 peace officers of Cameron and Hidalgo counties attended u barbecue Thursday nigiii. near LÂ»a Fcria Riven by J. C. Dunn of the Quality Products Inc., of La Fnria, Sheriff Boynton Fleming said Included In those present were members of tho sheriffs' and constables' departments, the FBI., and county and state officials from both counties. K R I O 1000 WATTS/ \|L J FULLTIME lyl S O O N Let Us Analyze Y O U R I N S U R A N C E NEEDS A N D SUGGEST AN I N S U R A N C E P R O G R A M TO FIT THEM. OBLIGATION? NONE, JUST PART OF OUR SERVICE DODD - MITCHELL AGENCY ntiUflinjr Tel 100-1830 IS YOUR CAR IN A-1 CONDITION? If not, .come in anytime. We will be glad to put it back into perfect running condition in a m i n i m u m of time and expense, Our moving 'difficulties are over and we are now ready to serve you more rapidly than in the past. Don't forget that vacation time is almost here and you will want to avoid any mechanical troubles that will cause you delays. C O M E IN T O M O R R O W . . . . W e will be glad to check y o u r car over for y o u . F R I E D M A N N M O T O R S OLD OPERA HOUSE PHONE 105 TENTH AND LEVEE KEEP TUNED RIGHT HERE o K TDU Â· Bm n i..$0,300 WATTS -- CiS .PITTSBURGH HALLICRAFTER Ecliophone Radios Dealer* For* CRANE, KOIH-ER, F.LJER numbing Fixtures RHEEM DAY NIGHT MISSION, CLARK Water Heaters MONARCH Ranges PLASTIKOTK Paint KKMTONE Paint DEXTER Washing Machines REYNOLDS Eskimo Deep Freeze Boxes CLUB Aluminum PYREX WARE WEAREVER Aluminum The Valley now has it's f i r s t FREQUENCY MODULATION Stition. The E C H O P H O N E , M a n u f a c t u r e d by HALLI GRAFTERS, stands on top in frequency m o d u l a t i o n research and has produced one of the finest combination Radios of modern times. Stop in tomorrow, to see and hear this great instrument. TRU-HEAT IRON General Mills $1150 PRESSURE CAHNERS Burpee And National 4* Burpee And i^anoiu t $18.35 $19 Â· THERMOS JUGS 9 i And 2 Gallon Â· $4.80 up LIFE PRESERVER Army Surplus, For Beach $1.00 WHEEL BARROWS With Rubber TireÂ» $28.80 LAWN SPRINKLERS Various Types And Size* $1.10 up ANDRESEN'S HARDWARE APPLIANCES -HOUSEHOLD -PLUMBING PHONE 4 2 0 l?-32 ELIZABETH ST. C 4 TIME F 1000's of YARDS JUST RECIEVED FOR THIS FABRIC SALE! 49 C TO $3. 50 Quadrigas Seersucker Linen Whipcord t , Gilbraes * . Â· . . Chambray . , Â· , Balloon Cloth . , . , Chintz . . . Pure Silk .Rayon Crepe. . .Satin. . .^Shantung. . . The -finest fabrics money can buy to busy the fingers of the summer sewing circle. Gay, w o n d e r f u l , tubbable cottons in floral prints, stripes, plaids and solids to fashion y o u r Bummer wardrobe, Here are prize winning fabrics at surprisingly low prices. HOME FURNISHING BARGAINS FOXCRAFT 81 x 99 SHEETS 2 19 each These won'I; last long at this price, So you had better h u r r y on down and get yours! TOWELS 49 C Big-, thirsty, double- thread terry cloth towels! It's been n lontf time since you have seen a towel like it. Seamless MATTRESS COVERS $0.95 Full bed size, . . . Yes, t h e y Â«re w MS liable too, Y o u ' l l w n n t one. for every one of y o u r mattresses. 30-Inch AWNING STRIPES 59= I n all colors of the r a i n b o w ! At this price you r a n a f f o r d to rep l a c e those old worn out awnings.
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