The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on July 27, 1960 · Page 4
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 4

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Wednesday, July 27, 1960
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Marlow Says H6D01NG Udilbr and Publisher JOHN t. GIBSON General Manager Greenville, Miss., Wednesday, July 27, 13UO \Vcro it left td m6 tb iltclde Wllttlicr wo slioiild linvrj ft ^overmuch! \Vllliont nc\VSf»hfler's or newspapers wltllbut fioVOrrt- nictit, 1 slibilld tiot hcsltntc n moment to prefer (lie Inttcr. --f:limins Jtftfcrscm GOP Finally Backs '54 Court Ruling Sometimes 1 Feel Slightly Frustrated! 7 T1 -i + r ' l i / ^ v /"i ,-v What Will Our Congressmen parly \vill be intense on these men to joih the bolt, but they may well be far more interested in effective proposition that a third party be Southern representation in Con- OV. KOSS B A R N E T T lias moved one step closer to by backing down oil his formed, but his adamant support for independent electors means trial ho has not yet come al) 'S* way hut of the Clouds of self- deUiSioh. S i n c e the Governor's word is law, it is A safe assumption that the state Democratic Executive Committee will support him in this stand today. There is some question about the congressional delegation however. Rep. Johh Bell Williams, \vho as a national Democrat has been a By JAMES MARLOW Associated 1'resS News Analyst CHICAGO (APMt has taken the Republicans, as 4 patty, six years Id get around to they thitik the Supreme wns right ih oullamti_ lion in public schools. The Demo* crats, as a patty, haveA't said It yet. The court handed dowfl its decision May It, 19M. The first chance cither parly had Id come out flatly in approval of Ihe court's historic alid faf-reacliihg aclioti was in their pariy plat' There is another factor opera- forms In fhe 19K campaign. Doth f i v e here which was not at work backed away from a flat ap- gress than in p l a y i n g for the grandstands al home. in 1948. Sen. John Kennedy, tho Democratic nominee, is no Harry Truman. He is a strong-minded and in many ways a ruthless man. If he wins over the strenuous opposition of some Southern politicians --and he is most likely to do so--he will be far more prone to cut theni out of the party than was good supporter of John Bell Wil- Truman. There will be Ho bolatect proval. Both parties of cmirse, had their eye On the Southern white vote. Too hearty an endorsement of tlic contt ruling was a cinch to cost votes in the South for the parly bnld enough to try it. In their IDSG platform (ha Republicans wouldn't go any further than saying their "party accepts Ihe decision of the U.S. Supreme. Hams' own personal ambition for a long time, has Indicated that he \vill s u p p o r t the independent electors plan. So has Rep. Willinm Col me r. But. how many others among Mississippi's congressmen and senators will do the same thing re^ mains to be seen. If any kind of prophecy can be made, it would be that Senators Eastland and Stennis, at least, and possibly several representatives, will adopt a strictly neutralist attitude, refusing to publicly back either the indepencU ent electors or the official Democratic Party nominees. They will have adequate precedent in this, since it was the course adopted by many Southern political leaders In 1948, including Herman Talmadge and the late Walter George of Georgia. The pressure from the state readmitfance to the national party Cuurl thal raci:l1 discrimlnniioh in and C o m m i t t e e leadership for P ub| idy supported schools must defectors this time. be progressively eliminated." [his was quite a long Way from This may have no meaning for saying the party approved what Governor Barnelt, who is oblivious to anything save the wishes of the clique around him. And it could be brushed aside by John Bell Williams, whose eyes may still be --as they were in 1958--on the governor's chair, and W i l l i a m Colmer, whose retirement cannot be many years away. the court did. President Eisenhower hihiself set the pace for such a caution by avoiding saying to this dfly that he approves the court's action. Demos Cagey fiut in 1956 the Democrats' platform was even more cagey than that of the Republicans. The Democrats, wlwse Southern members But for m a n y other Mississippi have been a constant obstacle to and Southern leaders, who honestly Want to support the Soulh's position where it will do the most good, in the U. S. Congress, the temptation to bolt w i l l be more easily resisted. The manueverings befofe November should do much to separate the demagogues and the flag Wavers from the truly effective spokesmen for the South. The Loss Of Genius "qpODAY'S Education May Pro- JL dlice -Fewer Geniuses" proclaimed a headline in yesterday's toemocrat-Ti.mes. The story went on to quote a psychologist's report that mass education in the school system nf today is reducing the factors which had led to Ihe flowering of genius in the past. The psychologist who made the study w h i c h substantiated the story eritienOy didn't think that this was suc)i a bad thing. About the quality of genius, he said: "Superficially an enviable piece of luck, it is actually a fatality which exacts tribute from the pos- pessor. Extreme absorption in very hard work, with sometimes broken health, is one of the penalties. Isolation f r o m contemporaries, often increasing wilh the years is another." A better statement of what is wrong with many educational the- rrie=: today couldn't have been foiinrf. Snare us the gifted child: r-are us thfi intellectual: spare vis t^e BP"U=. W^at this nation needs is not a Rood five cent cigar but a peneralinp nf mediocrities. That is the road to Utopia. civil rights legislation in Congress, contented themselves wilh this: "Recent decisions of the Supreme Court of Ihe United States relating to segregation in publicly supported schools nixl elsewhere have brought consequences of vast importance to our nation as a wlrale and especially to communities directly affected." It was hardly news that the court decision was going to force big changes. Two weeks ago at Los Angeles the Democrats produced the _. , . , . ntrongest civil rights plank in The progress of mankind moral- llleir i listorv _o ne w hich mav cost ly and physically is not half so important, this segment of the education world tells us, as the well i n t e g r a t e d , organisation man. Rather 1000 nonentities than one unhappy genius. The 20 men used in the study of the distinguishing trails of geniuses by the psychologist -- who found their ability a costly gift -included Voltaire, the great philosopher of the Enlightenment; William Pitt, prime minister of Great Britain two centuries ago; Goethe, the German author; and English poet Samuel T a y l o r Coleridge. From such men otir modern mass education will deliver us. What it will offer in return -and, we arc led to believe, so infinitely belter -- is a group o£ well- adjusted, integrated, mindless little herd creatures, whose coming and going will be recorded in history as just another cipher. Tt is lime we rethought just w h n t a man is. and whnt ho should be. If loss o[ genius is to be the toll exacted by modern education, there is ?nme- Ihing radically wrong w i t h t h a t system -- not with genius. Congressional Quiz fj ..^ 6. h ihree nf the following five with Iheir roles at the Republican National Convenlion: (0 Charles A. (a) Temporary chairman (2) Cecil H (b) Keynote speaker Underwood (3) Walter H. Judd (c) Permanent chairman (4) Thursloil R. (d) Plnlform chair- Morion ninn (5) Charles H. (c) Republican Percy Nallotlal chairman A--House Minorify Leader Hidleck, jvjr- mancnt c h a i r m a n . \Vcsl Virginia Governor Underwood, (cmpornry c h a i r m a n . Renre.s- enlalive Jlidd (R Minn.), kevnolcr; Senator Morton (R Kv.l. nalional cEiairman; Percy, plalform chairman. them some Southern white votes -- h u t still avoided flat emlorse- ment of what the court did in 1951. Southerners Unhappy Southern delegates at the Democratic convention were unhappy over the whole civil rights plank of the parly. Then the Republicans moved into Chicago for their convention. Southern while Republican delegates fought against any strong civil rights plank, though Vice President Richard M. Nixon said he wanted a firm one. Negro leaders told the Republicans that if they expected Negro votes in the November elections, they couldn't afford to come out wilh a civil rights plank weaker than the Democrats. For days the Republican Platform Committee--a! a time when it knew (he Democratic plank might cost the Democrats some while Southern vo'.os -- fiddled around with the ides of coming up with a \fxs fuc(bright plnnk than the Democrats, In the end it produced a civil rights plank which in some ways wns a little lonelier than the Democrats' promises on civil rights ami in other ways was a l i t t l e softer. Rut the Republicans' civil rights plank \vour.d up being the strongest the party had yet produced, And, on the subject of the court's IDS! decision, the Republicans went further than the Democrats have evvT cared or dared to go. The Republicans saitl flatly: "Wo supporter! Ihe position of the Negro school children even before the Supreme Court, We believe the Supreme Court school decision v.js right and should be carried oui in accordance with the mandate of the court." TODAY'S BIBLE VEUSE But the Lord shall endure forever: he hath prepared his t h r o n e for J u d g m e n t --Psalm 9:7 The Delta Democrat-Times This newspaper welcomes letters to the editor to be published so long as they remain within the boundaries of decency and libel laws. The name of the sender may be withheld on request, but all such letters must be signed and return addresses given il they are to be considered for publication. Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday by: The Times Publishing Co., Inc., 201 Main St., Greenville, Miss. Subscription Rates Delivery by carrier 35c per week. Mail subscriptions payable in advance to subscribers living in Washington and adjoining counties not served by dealers and carriers, $12.00 per year, six nionlhs, $6.50. By map all other areas withtn United States: One year $15.00; 6 months SSOQ; one month 51.50. Notice To Public Tho Delta Democrat-Times does not intentionally misinterpret any individual ihinfi-. Correction will be cheerfully made of any erroneous statement called to our attention. The Associated Presj and United Press are exclusively entitled to use for rep-jblication of all tha news dispatches credited to them or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. AH rights of republlcation herein are also reserved. Entered «* Second Class matter al the Post Office at Greenville, Miss., under Act of March 8. 1879. we minutes Distributed by King Fealuret Syndicate Today In National Affairs GOP Platform Is Improvement On Demos' By DAVID LAWRENCE CHICAGO -- It is difficult lo avoid being cynical at these conventions, irrespective of which parly holds them, For things are not always what Ihcy seem to be. The words in the platforms and speeches are meant largely to catch votes and not necessarily to express any formula for governmental action on specific prcn blcms. The row here over the form is incredible. Just a few weeks ago the critics were say ing Dick Nixon is a hard-boiled ' ' r e c allonary" and that not .a drop of "liberal" blood flows through his veins. Today he is lined up with the newest of the "liberals," Ihe governor of New York, Nelson Rockefeller. And Ihe news tickers have been telling the public that there was a chanCe of a Rockefeller-Nixon combination being formed to fight some of the platform committee's "moderate" recommendations. What a change n few bits of dramajic by-play really make! Actually, the Republican prat- form is basically a document that seeks oil the worthwhile objectives which the Democrats ex- toll but looks for sound ways to achieve them--without bankrupting Ihe Treasury, raising taxes unduly ar,il killing o f f Ihe free- enterprise system. As for the £ame of semantics on foreign policy unit d?fense, II is doubtful whether the average man cares a whole lot a!xjt anything except peace In the world ami a big enough deterrent power lo prevent a war. Iligh-scund- ing phrases by themselves don't build missiles or keep our overseas bases manned with bomb- er.s for counterattack. On "civil rights," Ihe Republican p l a t f o r m is characterized by Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round a sane realism. It doesn't propose, as do the Democrats, to change things "!h all areas of community life," whlcii is quite an order embracing doubtless trie integration of private schools, private dubs and fraternal organizations where obviously the federal government at present has no Letter to Editor Ferry Ride Is Disappearing From Scene To The Editor: As most of us know, the Mississippi River ferries are fast became jug fotid memories to many of Us. The "Wheels of progress" are replacing them with modern steel structures to spall the rivers and remove llie necessity, and thrill of anticipation, of watting on the bank for the ferry to dock. The pleasure of riding the ferry is almost a thing of the pasl. My family and I made d very informal, unscheduled inspection of the new bridge at Helena, Ark. Sunday and we gave our boys what was their first, and possibly last, ride on a ferry. The old stern wheeler gave them a great thrill. Of course it goes without saying l h a t the parents enjoyed the ride, too. As a suggestion to you who still enjoy a nice Sunday afler- i non ride, try a trip to Helena and n ride on the ferry there. It may i:e your List chance to beat the march of piojjress. W. L Goodwin 237 Benuchfttnp Tooth-Aid Station CHICAGO CAP) -- The Chicago Dental Society has arranged for a round-Ihe-clock standby dental service d u r i n g the Republican convention. constitutional powers anyway. An Improvement The platform writers here arc convinced that they can capture the South and keep Republican strength Ih the North by being fair lo both races. The Republican plulforrn. speaks of ending discrimination "in all areas of national life/ 1 If this meAns areas of life wherein the national government has jurisdiction, it's atl improvement over the Democrat-' ic platform. There Is Something noticeably present irt this convention which was Conspicuously absent at the Democratic convention. Here they denounce Communism comprehensively a n d don't j u s t lightly touch on it for fear of of-' fending the fio-cniled "liberals." Former President Hoover for Instance, in his memorable address, snirt to the convention: "\Ve have also been brainwashed with another Communist basic tenet. They insist that love of country, pride of n people in (heir history, their ideals, and their accomph'shtnenls Is wicked nationalism. Ever since the war, (he Communist fronts, nnd the beatniks, and the egg-heads have conducted a national chorus of denunciation of this wicked na- tionalisiru" Poured II On The keynote speech of representative Walter H. Judd of Minnesota poured it on the Democrats on another theme--the Idea expressed by leading Democrats tEiat the Republicans are responsible for the misbehaviour of Khrushchev, The oilier day former Governor Averell H n r f i m n n of New York blamed the Republican administration for every untoward ovr-nt abroad and said "Look w h a t is happening in A f r i ca." Senator Kennedy, lo;, in his acceptance speech at Los Angeles said: "As our keynoter reminded us. the President who b^gan his career by going to Korea ends it by staying away from Japan." Brodle Crump'* Mostly Old Stuff So lit the best Boy Scout tradition, which call] tor the doing of n good turn daily, We tried Id help the White Cadillac get back ill business. A bit more t h a n scoullng-lort was Involved III Ihe gesture tow- ever, for there was Ihe rcsoluilon wo made one night along the main-drag when the situation was reversed, and Old Stutf was sorely needing a push-off. We knew otir old truck's battery was perilously low on voltage, and should have had a recharge, but we muddled along thinking we could rebuild the deficiency oil our own, And just then a traffic snarl called tor hasty braking, which caused Us lo kill the engine, nnd the battery was so shy on juice that we couldn't restart the motor. There we were, In the right- hand lane, and stalled for sure. We stepped trom the cab, nnd faced the oncoming trnf'ic, hop-, ing to be recognized ns we announced our plight and asked tor a push. Hie cars kept cutting around us and whizzing by, ns our ap[)eals were Ignored, though one driver did reply In passing, quote, "Nothing doin' Bud, our bumpers wouldn't match" end quote. Finally a car did slop, tracked into position, then gave Us Ihe little shove which wns All we nnetled. It's driver and his passengers were colored people, and they tailed ns for a block or so to make sure we wouldn't bog down again. We waved our thanks yet, to this day, our benefactor is Incognito. In the more lhan ton minutes we were stalled and stranded Miefe in the six huntlfcd block on Washington Avenue, we kept thinking niaybo Efheal \Vnldauer would drive along to help us out. Why Ernest, of all people? Well this gels back lo one ot linen Wortham's adventures with his old hornetown revisited. Ebcli ("Brother" to Mrs. John Kirk 5r.) has lived nearly thirty years in Nashville, Tennessee, during which time Greenville certainly hasn't been Blinding illll, And I few years ago, when Eben and his wita Mallmla Hampton -(ot tho Nashville Belle Meade Itimptons) were guests ot Hie kirks, Mr. Wortham took i lllllft Walk ono day, from the 1. C. depot lo tho levee and back. Washington Avc- MUO was Crowded that morning too, as Eben remembers It,.yet he only saw one person he knew, and that Was Ernest Waklancr. We reau 1 in Ih* "Deltas In Service" column where Cadet Edgar Motxty ot Hoilanttale is taking a tour weeks summer course with the U. S. Air Forte ROTC at Craig' Field, Selma Ata. (Ross Hodge, as told here recently is stationed at Craig loo.) We told here, sume years back, ot our misbehavior when Cadet Moody's Mother and Daddy, Lorene nnd Edgar C.-were newlyweds and stopping for the night at Hotel Greenville. Between us and Pat Barcroft nnd the telephone these young tolks were leased unmercifully. Yet through il all they were wonderful spelts and, even now, some twenty years or more later, Lorene Moody says they loved the ribbing they got from U). Meanwhile Daughter Gay Moody, whom we wrote up when she became Sweetheart of the Holtan- daie High School Dand, Is now a student at Southwestern in Memphis. The ancient pop-bolltc which turned up in low water level of Dcef Creek recalls other old bottles, and a story Dr. Ernest Butler fold about the old colored woman who brought the case of brtnvn coke'bollles to (he local plant in hopes of some sort of trade-in Value. Who remembers when cokes came in brown hollies anylxw? The lute Q. Strange, co-owr.cr wilh his Brother Joe, gave the Old woman fifty cents, and then «ug- geslnl thill shfe try them On tho Smithsonian Institution in Washington. BC Bennett Cerf's Try And Stop Me Sotnn book publishers are suspicious sollla. A group of them was gathered at tha Yale Club recently, and laughed upronrioljGly ot a timely willicism. A competitor at a nearby table observed them anxiously. "Only one thing can be that funny," he muttered (o his luncheon companion. "I bet one of those so-and-So's has stolen hiy best aulhon" her Mr. So-nmi-So Is ill today of hot. ITiafs his office back there. Look (of yourself." Tlie visitor rolled back Iho fold-» ing door of the Boston publisher'* office--and thraa scagulli flew out. Anotlter publisher had occasion to visit a competitor in Boston wl.o had an office with a window facing the Charles kiver, but he only came in about one day a week, so didn't have too many opportunities to enjoy the view. When the visitor announced himself in fact, the girl at the svvilch- Iward said, "I don't know whet- So Congressman Judd answei 1 - cd with a few remllxlers of his own, as he cried out to the convention: "It'wasn't a Ae|.iiblican administration which al Potsdam gave llie Soviet Union East Germany and left West Berlin cut off from the rest oE the free world." Mr. Jmld added some reminders nlso alxiut Ihe giveaways to the Soviet Union at the Yalta and Teheran Conferences, conducted hy a Drmocratic administration, as "CM,WI8.D9 people disappeared behind the Iron Curtain." This is a sample nf what the (c)l«Q,by Bennett Cerf. Dlstri- butcd by King Feature) Syndicate argument about "lowered prestige" in the world may be like during Uin coming Campaign. But the average American will want to hear something besides IneW words--he will want to know what Ihe policies will really IK lhat will keep America out of another war. For the Republicans are already pointing to tha record uf the last half-century-with World War I, World War II and the Korean War all happen' ing under Democratic administrations. (Copyright, 1560, New York Her-' abld Tribune Inc.) Nixon-Rocky Meeting Riles GOP Backstage --» m'tn the t-* S~ (jreat Doorts DESCARTES When it is beyond our power to discern the opinions which carry most truth, we should follow the most probable. Even although we notice no greater pro- babilily in the one opinion than in Ihe other, we at least should make up our minds to follow a particular one and afterwards consider it as no longer doubtful in its relationship to practice, but as very true and very cert a i n . , , This principle was sufficient lo deliver me from al tlhe penlience and remorse which usually affect the mind and agitate the conscience of those weak and vacillating creatures who allow themselves 1. keep changing their procedure, and practice as good, things which they aflerwards jud^e to be evil. CHICAGO -- The Republicans are able (o keep a united front much bcller than Ihe Democrats --at least on Ihe surface. But backstage they erupted fiercely and at tenes passionately over the secret New York meeting between Governor Rockefeller and Vice President Nixon. Three women ar.d one man on the Plalform Committee wept when told they would have to rewrite the planks they had meticulously d r a w n up for the GOP. I.en Hall, Nixon's campaign manager, erupted like a volcano when he learned , at 3:30 a.m. lhat i Ihe man he was supposed to be managing h a d been huddling in New York wilh the political enemy Hall hates most. And in the Republican Finance Commiltee, five states flatly refused lo contribute Ihcir allotment to the Republican Nalional Committee in protest against the Rockefeller-Nixon plalform. H took all The persuasive influence of Spencer Olin, Finance C h a i r m a n , and of Sen. E- McKinley Dirksen to keep more of the committee from revelling. Son. Rarrv GflMwatcr of Arizona touched off ttis fireworks. lie entered the closed-floor meeting of the I-'inanco Committee almost shaking wilh anger. "I am boiling," he said, in icy (ones. "Do you mirul l( [ lake a drink of water to cool off? Can you imagine a meeting of l\vo men I,MO miles away usurping the work of this convention? Since when has the Republic,TM party become a rubber stamp for this kinrl of surrender?" Nixon Didn'l Tell Goldwater's tone was cold hut his words were scathing. He said he had talked lo Nixon on Ihe telephone Ihe day before and the Vice President had indicated his egrcemer.t with Goldwaler's own coniervaliva vlewi. Nixon had not even mentioned his plan- ntd trip to see Rockefeller and h:s surrender to a platform "loo liberal, too f a r to Itie left." Concluding the senator from Arizona dropped word privately thst if the Republican party assembled in convention was to be over-ruled, he might well go home. Robert Snod^rass of Atlanta, f i n a r c e c h a i r m a n for Georgia, was just a] scathing. So was Richard Hapy of Louisiana. Ife f l a t l y refused to contribute the allotment which Louisiana was due to contribute (o the nalional campaign fund. So did Roger Mil- likvn, the big textile m a n u f a c t u r - er from Soiilh Carolina. Arkansas' grizzled Harry N. Pollock of Ft. Smith, wns blunt and to the point. "I have Ihren ballots in my hand," he said, holding up three pieces of paper." One says 'I pass'; the other says. "I lake a walk"; the other says, 'Take another look. For the time Iwing I'm going to vote the last, "take anolher look.' " Pollock left the clear implication lhat if the Republican party adopted the liberal civil rights platform agreed lo by Nixon anil Rockefeller, Arkansas would take a walk. Finally. Spencer Olin, b i g balding f i n a n c e chairman of Alton, 111., head ol the giant Olin- Malhieson industrial empire, warned the Finance Commillec that it was 15 per cent below its quota. Olin is not an inspiring speaker. Usually he looks at Ihe floor ami the words come haltingly. But now ho became almost eloquent as he appealed lo Ihe Republicans not to split up like Democrats, bu( lo unite. Despite this, five southern stales held out. Some GOP money-raisers looked a little ruefully at the Hit of stales behind in their cmolas and womleral whether they could raise the S-l,300,000 more in addilion lo the $3,500,000 already on hand--in Ihe four months before elections. Clear It Wilh Sidney As the GOP Platform committee irrilably endeavored lo adopt a considerable portion of the new Rockefeller-Nixon platform just handed them, the two New York delegates regialcred reservations. Joe Carlino, speaker of the New York Assembly, and Miss- Wilnla Sibertsen, consistently held back their vole on the ground that Gov. Rockefeller had not seen the final text. Finally, as John E. Cobb of North Carolina was asked to vole on one seclion of t h e plalform, lio paraphrased the famous slate- ment attributed to President Roosevelt in 13(0 when he said he would have to clear the proposed vice presidency of Jimmy Hyrnes with labor leader Sidney Hillmon. "I reserve my vole," said delegate Col.b, "1 havert'l consulted Sidney." Glad Hand Vice President NKon tins set up for himself the mosl stupendous hand-shaking camera-posing program in history. In Chicago he plans to greet every singlo one of Ihe 2.621 delegates and al-' ternates, pose for a personal photography, whisper a few privata words and ham! him a plastic campaign kit. This is being organi/ed with lha efficiency of ihe assembly lines at the near-by meat-packing plant whore the packers save everything but the pig's squcel. A contact man has been assigned to each delegation lo report lo Nixon's regional chiefs w h a t each is interested in. Just bcfora Nixon visils each delegation, atl advance man will lesl the poll, tical climale nnd brief Nixon on whnt he should say. After lhat Ihe Vice President will speak to each delegation for about ten minutes, answer a question or two, then pose with each delegate separately. The pholos are ex- pec Ied lo make for good publicity

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