The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas on June 8, 1947 · Page 4
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The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas · Page 4

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Sunday, June 8, 1947
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ft, Sthe ^WB^ ^"^ ^" AN NF.W8PAPK* Founded by Je»st O. WhUeler. July _4. · · ·· " ' "·' ' ·"-·"·" " - - '" y 1«03 Published rr.ry »Jt«noon (except flMnrdny. ».ml Sunday morning The BrowiifTill* H«r*ld publishing Company Thirteenth *nd Adnmi etreeta Publisher Publisher Editor ITtTred"·«8«ond7 C UM Matter ut th. PaitoIflM M Brown.ville, T«a., under th» Act of Con»rft»§ of Mikroh 3. i«« LZO * OWEMB » O. HOFTSTKW. CURTIS VTNBON JB. It Can Be Disastrous THIS rail rate discrimination against Brownsville w h i c h , as announced Friday, has caused one of the largest of the b a n a n a importing companies using t h i * port to d e c i d e to transfer its business to Galveston and may cfl.use others to do the same has become a definite and menacing threat to the p o i t s f u t u r e . . in a d d i t i o n to driving away established business it looms as a c l u b raised against the location here of new enterprise. . . x . * -^ A c o n v i n c i n g example of how existing tariffs discriminate against, Brownsville--and the explan- a t i o n of whv the P a n - A m e r i c a n Banana Producers A ^ o c i a t i o n . Ltd.. of M o n t r e a l , C a n a d a , has decided to" move to Galveston--is f o u n d in a comparison of the rates on bananas from the two ports to M o n t r e a l . ' . The rate from Galveston is $1.87 on the h u n d r e d pounds. This rate includes both w h a r f a g e and loading charge. The rate from Brownsville, on the other h a n a , i« $ 2 4 0 on the h u n d r e d pounds. In a d d i t i o n , the Shipper at Brownsville has to pay % of one cent on each b u n c h of b a n a n a s as w h a r f a g e c h a r g e - a n d $8 a car as loading charge. Thus the shipper at Brownsville has to pay 53 r e n t s more on the h u n d r e d p o u n d s than the shipper at Galveston, phis w h a r f a g e and l o a d i n g charges, representing a d i s c r i m i n a t o r y d i f f e r e n t i a l that is p a r t i c u l a r l v u n j u s t in that Brownsville is only about 300 -miles f u r t h e r from Montreal than is Galveston. All these points and others as well are brought out in a c o m p l a i n t against the St. Louis Brownsville and Mexico R a i l w a y C o m p a n y and 200 other carriers of the U n i t e d States and C a n a d a , f i l e d May 2 bv the B r o w n s v i l l e N a v i g a t i o n District with the I n t e r s t a t e C o m m e r c e Commission at Washington, No date for h e a r i n g on this has yet been set * * * · THE obviousness of the discrimination by the rail- wavs against Brownsville, is so pronounced that It i* s o m e w h a t d i f f i c u l t to u n d e r s t a n d why the f n t e r a t a t p Commerce Commission has permitted It to exist and for so long. The tariff s c h e d u l e s show that w h a r f a g e and l o a d i n g charges, for instance, are absorbed by the rail rates quoted at all Mexican Gulf ports--m Florida. Louisiana, and Texas--with the exception of Port Isabel and Brownsville. This process of rate f i g u r i n g stops on the swing a r o u n d the Texas coastline at Corpus Chriwti, The r a i l w a y s , in f a c t , have made f l a g r a n t exceptions of B r o w n s v i l l e and Port Isabel, never having accorded either recognition as a port in any of their tariff schedules except w h e r e compelled to do so Ever since Port Brownsville was opened the fight to obnin this recognition has been going on. The Texas Lines Tariff No. 21-R, filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission, governing the tariff on w h a r f a g e and loading charges and con- t a i n i n g r u l e s and regulations at Texas- ports, is in effect at B e a u m o n t , Corpus Christi, Galveston, Houston, Orange. Port Arthur and Texas City--all the Texas Gulf ports except BrownsVille and Port Isabel. If this is not discrimination, the word has taken tn a connotation far d i f f e r e n t from that accorded bv u n c h a l l e n g e d usage over a long, long time. TUST what this stubborn, u n r e l e n t i n g discrimin- ·* ation against Brownsville by rail lines that have e n i o y e d rich h a u l s of V a l l e y p r o d u c e for m a n y years Means in d o l l a r s and cents to the c o m m u n i t y can be illustrated by citing the e f f e c t of the decision of P a n - A m e r i c a n B a n a n a Producers Association, Ltd. to p u l l up stakes here, By reason of the m i g r a t i o n of this one c o m p a n y a stevedore payroll loss to the c o m m u n i t y of $12,000 a m o n t h will be sustained. Port Brownsville will take a loss of $1,200 to $1,500 a m o n t h in w h a r f a g e and harbor fees. These two items a l o n e represent a total of $162,000 a year t h a t w i l l migrate f r o m the port with the g-oinjc of P a n - A m n r i c a n . In a d d i t i o n t h o u s a n d s of d o l l a r s from ,other sources now spent in the c o m m u n i t y by reason of t h a t one company's operations here will go elsewhere. ^ The company ships were f u e l e d and provisioned here. Truck line's h a u l e d some of the banana cargoes u n l o a d e d . S h i p p i n g agents, s h i p repair plants, ship c h a n d l e r s , stores, b a r b e r s h o p s , restaurants, service .nations--all w i l l lose some revenue, by reason of the c o m p a n y ' s departure. "fHE going of one c o m p a n y , while regrettable, is not. of course, too serious n development. But if one leaves to avoid discriminatory rates, others may do the same. There aro already reports that three other c o m p a n i e s h a n d l i n g b a n a n a s are considering f o l l o w i n g the e x a m p l e of P a n - A m e r i c a n . ^ This becomes more t h a n serious. It can be disastrous. The reason for b u i l d i n g a port 'Is to d e v e l o p business, to serve a c o m m u n i t y , a region, a state or a n a t i o n . In c o n s e q u e n c e the c o m m u n i t y to be, or b e i n g , served has the right--more than that, it has the o b l i g a t i o n -- t o d e m a n d the removal of obstacles t h r o w n in the way of the project's f u l l f u n c t i o n i n g . Brownsville haa b u i l t a port but not a port to be h a m s t r u n g by arbitrary, discriminatory t a r i f f s m u l i s h ly and shortsightedly m a i n t a i n e d by the r a i l w a y s . It wan in M a y , 1 9 4 4 , t h a t the first b a n a n a cargo was b r o u g h t to Port Brownsville. D u r i n g that year 46,500 tons of b a n a n a s were h a n d l e d at the port. The total j u m p e d to nearly 81,000 tons in 1945, to more t h a n 96,000 tons in 194(5, to make Port B r o w n s v i l l e second only to New O r l e a n s in b a n a n a t o n n a g e that year. Port officials hope to h a n d l e 150,000 tons this year. B u t if the r a i l w a y s h a v e t h e i r way, not only may t h a t o b j e c t i v e be missed but the b a n a n a importers h e r e ' m a y , like the Arabs, fold their tents jitid silently steal away. IN OUR VALLEY J. By E. C. OSBOHN W. PUCKKTT, highway engi- neor with headquarters at Pharr, is the senior employee of the state highway department. Ho has been with the department 30 years. * * * VV/HILE it will not be in op** eration for several months, a radio system from law enforcement autos to a central control station is assured for Hidalgo county. The county commissioners have put their okay on the idea and those who break the law in Hi- · dalgo county are in for some trouble. "lY/HETHER you know it or w not, Lower Rio Grande Vai- Iny cabbage was exceptionally popular throughout the United States last season. · Incidentally the Valley raised 45 por cent more than the total of nil other states reporting to the U. S. Department of Agriculture. * * * ' · DAYMONDVILLE is planning ^ l,o get "lit up" one of those nights. . ' New street lights will be installed according to Charles R. Johnson, mayor, as soon as the new equipment arrives, * * * C ATUR'DAY we had ft couple of ^ telephone calls concerning the -city "dump." You may be sure that ' we hoard nothing complimentary about this health menace. In fact wn can't print some of the words used. One of the biggest complaints was tho odor that wafts its way from the piles of trash. One of the persons who called thought the city should at least cover this dump with DDT to; kill off the files and mosquitoes that could spread disease. * * * '"TRAILERS that, carry produce 1 and merchandise to and from Brownsville In an unending stream, tire getting Just a bit too large. Recently one was so high that It damaged an electric sign hanging in front of the White Kitchen, ' When that sign was erected years ago, Jimmy" Lotos had no idea it would be hit by a truck, * * * HTHE Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas, Prod Vahlsing, vegetable grower, and, Melvln Giese, mayor of Elsa, got a lot of publicity recently. A magazine article told of the extensive vegetable holdings of Mr. Vahlsing. Mr. .Giese .and the Valley come in for quite a share of the word picture. * * * . TT IS too bad that folks all A over the United States can't taste Valley grapefruit now. The flavor Is just perfect (at least we think so) and could^ hardly be mentioned in the same breath with tho fruit that goes out first each season. CONGRATULATIONS are in ^ order for Jack Humphries of Donna and the Mission Chamber of Commerce. Humphries has just been named manager of the C of O at Mission. ^ Annoyed Over Wallace Attack White House Snubs Roosevelts · · · IN WASHINGTON - WASHINGTON -- Various democrats have accused Ham 7 Truman of deserting Frankln Roosevelt, but the nearest real break came two days ago when the entire Truman administration almost walked out on the Grand Old Lady of the Democratic party, Mr«. Franklin Roosevelt. , . Despite; the fact that Mrs. Roosevlt was the honored speaker at the Jefferson Day dinner in Los Angeles, and despite the fact that the dinner, was being arranged by James Roosevelt, eldest son of the late President, the White House for a time orderer a com- P G Secretary of the Treasury Snyder, scheduled to speak alongside Mrs Roosevelt,' canceled. And Democratic Executive Director Gaol Sullivan was ordered to cancel. .. In the end, Sullivan persuaded President Truman to reverse the boycott at least to the extent of letting him speak alongside Mrs Roosevelt. Ungallnnt Secretary of the Treasury Snyder, however, never did get' off his high horse. He remained in a huff in Washington counting his tax-money. , Basic reason for the hushed-up dinner-party fracas was Henry Wallace and the Truman Doctrine. . When Wallace spoke in Los Angeles recently, the local Democratic committee, under pressure from Ex-Attorney General Bob Kenny, County Chairman Rollin McNitt, and Jimmy Roosevelt, finally voted to welcome Wallace. Wallace Assails Truman Doctrine Wallace, attracting the largest Democratic political crowd since the days of FDR, assailed 'the Truman Doctrirre, was roundly cheered by local Democrats. When word of the Wallace triumph filtered back* to Washington, Secretary Snyder rushed over to the White House, told Truman he was going to pull out of the Los Angeles Jefferson Day dinner. Snyder, long one of the closest men to Truman, also sold him on the idea of "Discip- plining" Los Angeles Democrats, Accordingly, Truman went to the extreme length of ordering Executive" Director Gael Sullivan to withdraw from the party campaign dinner, leaving Mrs, Roosevelt sitting high-nnd-dry on the Los Angeles platform all by herself. Informed of this simultaneously, Sullivan an adroit hand at healing party breaches, warned the White House that in a Democracy, there, must be room for people with all sorts of opinions, A purge, he warned, was bad business. Truman was readily convinced, but not Mr. Snyder. He wouldn't budge, Note-- in order to hush up the hot intra-party feud, the White. House whipped up the lame excuse that an urgent Cabinet meeting would keep Secretary Snyder' in Washington. Merry-Go-Roimd Democratic nnti-Wallaeites recently started rumors thnt Wal- · lace was "anti-Catholic" because he qpppsed , war with Russia. When these rumors got back to Henry, he .replied, "I campaigned for Al Smith when Harry Truman was supposed to have been a member o f t h e K u Klux Klan," - , - . * ,, * Democratic anti-Wallacites recently started rumors that. Wallace was '"nntl-Oa.holic" because he opposed war with Russia. When these rumors got back to Henry, he replied, "I campaigned for Al Smith when Harry Truman was supposed to have' been a member of the Ku Klux Klan." Men's clothing is slated for: another 5, per cent jump in tne fall because of higher textile prices. . ' Jouett Shouse, former Democratic National Committee chairman, sometimes described as having, "the finest 1923 ^ mind jn Washington," has now become one of President Truman's unofficial advisers'. .Shouse never could get near the White House in Roosevelt's day." 1 Harold Stassen has turned down more than 4,000 speaking invitations in the last two months. But he's filling a thousand--about twice as many as any other, politico could handle. Assistant Secretary of State Bill Benton has set at, least one diplomatic record. He has only attended four diplomatic dinners and three cocktail parties during two years in Washington. Steel industry officials say they've shipped more barbed wire to Brazil this, year than they did to Europe during the war. The Bilbos of Michigan Two Senators from Michigan are employing unusual tactics in blocking Democratic procedure and the coiir.se of good government. 'They are Arthur Vandenberg and Homer Ferguson, both Republicans, who for five long months have been sitting on two important appointments, refusing to let the Senate take a vote on confirmation. ' s Senator Ferguson, chairman of a Judiciary subcommittee, has been blocking a vote on Philip Perlman of Baltimore as solicitor general of the United States. And Senator Vandenberg,chairman of the foreign relations committee, , has been blocking a vote on Francis Biddle as U. .S. delegate to the United Nations Social and Economic Committee. Both Michiganders have been sitting on these appointments since January. January to June is a long time to hold up important appointments. It so happens that the solicitor general's is the second top legal post in the U. S. government. His job is to argue all cases before the Supreme Court. However, despite an extremely busy court calendar, Senator Ferguson did not even hold hearings on Perlman until May 14. In othftr words he waited from January until May without even giving the friends or enemies of Perlman a chance to be heard. . No government can operate efficiently under such delay. Senator Vandenberg was- equally slow. Though Francis Biddle is a former member of the Cabinet, served as U. S. judge to try the Nazi war criminals at Nuernberg, and is a former judge on the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Vandenberg simply sat on his nomination. Finally, in May, he held one brief hearing, but since then has not permitted .either the full Senate Foreign Relations Committee or the Senate itself to vote on Biddle. Some -of Vandenberg's own GOP colleagues, including Senator Capper of Kansas, have complained about his sit-tight tactics, pointing- out that the Democratic system is supposed to give the Senate the privilege of voting yes or no. Likewise, leading Republicans in Maryland are irked at the way their fellow-Republican, Senator Ferguson, has been blocking a vote on Perlman. But the two Michigan senators continue to sit tight. Though both have good records in other Senatorial fields, both apparently have forgotten that the U, S. Congressional system is based on the right to .vote, not the Bilbo system of withholding votes. NOTE-- In Democralc cloakrooms the two Michiganders ("both voted against seating Senator Bilbo) arc being called the "Bilbos of Michigan." '...Little Lost Sheep Gone "AstrayTfcaar Baa,"Baaf Of Books And Authors THE MOONLIGHT, by Joyce Gary (Harper; $3,00) Will Amanda, an Intelligent, wellbred girl in her early thirties, marry farmer Harry Dawbarn or her distant cousin Robin Sant? This is perhaps the principal question -which the absorbed reader will want answered in this ro- marknbln novel. Bvit this triangular a f f a i r develops in a complex situation richly imagined; a swarm of people is introduced to us, indeed begotten, born raised and carried off to the grave be- 'fore our eyes; the genteel vies with the earthy; civilized, sophisticated man is set against man's nnimal nature; love that is poetical is contrasted stirringly with a callous but insatiable reproductive urge which reduced a girl, in the words of the book, to the status of a walking womb. In a large sense, then, this is not just a love story but a picture of two Irreconcilable ages, one that began with Gladstone and another winding up with Chamberlain; or of the equally irreconcilable ages of conniving adults 'and lovestruck youth. It is the endless struggle between what we want and what some one else wants for us, between - the opposite uses of n grassy bank by night, "to have, fun or to get n husband. One kind of morality extends its unrelaxing hold into another kind of world. As Amanda explains it, is isn't a question of seeking happiness but of doing what . has to be done. There are fascinating characters: Aunt Rose with her implacable control over the members of the Venn family; Aunt Ella whose fear of doing the wrong thing can hypnotize her into do- v AUTHOR OF THE WEEK LETTERS TO THE EDITOR High Rail Rates Sabotaging Progress, Citizen Says 'To the Editor: Truly the loss of the Pan- American Banana Producers Association's business is ft matter that, concerns von and me and the whole Valley, and it discourages other companies from coming to Brownsville. Sometime ago you mentioned something about ratns for' bringing railroad cars across the International bridge. I t h i n k that the rate for bringing a railroad car, empty or loaded, to or from Mntnmoros, was $LTi. whilr In Laredo it was .$9 for the same service. Public Ignored I can't figure why, if the railroads are interested in the growth of this community, (they) don't revise their rate tables which worn writ-ton probably twenty-five years ago; or at least explain their reason for the great difference in prices applicable to this section. I have been 'looking for some logical explanation to this but so far they have JuHt I ignored the. public and the .result is that the public and the ] business man are beginning to j take notice. i I don't bciliovc! that any organi- sation can last very long with n \ "public be damned" attitude. The , railroads know this too but they : arn resting on their laurels, con- | ftclent that there's nothing any- · body can do about it. But if- , public opinion i« aroused enough they'll have l,o jfivo tho Valley · the same facilities and rates that : they give other suctions of the j state or go out of business. Action Called For This is one man's opinion but It, represents that of many more thafi I know, people who, like myself, are not affected directly by the rates or services rendered by the railroads, but who have f a i t h in Brownsville and believe t h a t In fairness to the men who made the deep water port possible we should do something so that their work, efforts, and hardships have not been In vain, · It is a shame to the citizens of Brownsville that we have put up with this sort of thing so long. . We who pride ourselves (as) immune to dictatorships, political or otherwise, h a v e let a p r i v a t e dictatorship force it-self an us to the extent that it is sabotaging our progress in one of the whole Valley's most important assets. Why Not Cooperate.? Brownsville needs the port, the railroads, and the industries that they attract Why can't they all cooperate together and get together and give each other the facilities, duo them? It's for their own good and CLhat of 1 ) Che community which they serve. The railroads arc as interested in the growth and industriajiiza- Yesteryears In The Valley FIFTY YKAKS AGO . June 8, 1897--The surveyors of the Brownsville 'road are blocking out a way for the Iron horse and the people along the line are eager and enthusiastic. , * * * The many friends of Mrs. John McAllen are pleased to learn that she is progressing towards the recovery of her health, since the difficult surgical operation which she underwent two weeks ago, * * * Fish from La, gun a Madre have been conspicuous for their absence from the city market for the post two or three, weeks, owing to the fact that the entire supply Is' now sold for shipment to other places by the fishing schooners. * * * .Watermelons and tomatoes are now about the cheapest thing going in Brownsville, the former vefniilng at- five Lo 10 cents for choice specimens and the latter at one cent a pound. FORTY YEARS AGO June 8, 1007--The sale of 4,400 acres .of ;laiYd in .the lower part of Starr county was made recently by the St. John Land and Investment company, the purchaser being Dr. A. A. Luther of Springfield, O,, and the ven- lor Judge D. B, Chnpin of Hidalgo. The price was $35.200. * / * * The residence of Mrs. T. D. Futegnat on, upper .Elizabeth St, has been rented for the summer by Mrs, M. D. Cooper of Greenville, Texas, who has bought some land in this section, + * * Remember, when you ore tnlk- ing about the difficulties of establishing municipal waterworks, that "It takes a live fish to swim up stream; any dead one can float down stream." Get together and talk and work for a pure water supply. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO June 8, 1922--Five dusting machines to apply poison to cotton to kill the boll weevil have been bought by farmers of Willncy county, Recording to Charles Johnson, editor of the Willncy County News. Won of Brownsville as anyone else, yet it does not seem that we are getting a fair deal from thorn. If there be a reason, let's havn it. We may be wrong in condemning them If we are we will take off our hats nnd np- proach the problem from aother angle. But, please, lot's settle this. We don't want to run off the industries we now have and surely we do not want to discourage those wanting to come to our Valley. Jose Cantu 1400 Madison · * * AMUSED To the Editor: Here's an offering for your .Letters to the Editor section. Being f a m i l i a r w i t h The Hernlrt, I doubt if you'll publish it, but here it is a n y w a y . . . I was amused when I rend Harry Truman's indictment of modern art In Drew Pearson's column Monday. I see democracy is still working properly. If our .government (by the people, for the people, etc.) is to sponsor any form of art, shouldn't it be the art cherished by t h e vast majority of good, red-blooded Americans? Qualified To Comment. When Harry Truman enunciates that old stand-by, "I-don't- know-anything-about - art - but- Defeated in its ambition for | t-know-what-I-like," w;e see that he is qualified to represent the herd, at least in the field of art the designation by the board of nrmy engineers as the point for a new harbor on »,hc lower Texas coast, Aransas Pass will spend its own money in bringing dnep water to its door. * * * The S. O. S. movement is progressing but all', too slowly to suit- those who are impatient to see work begun on our seaport. · * * + Property owners at the foot of Levee street in the vicinity of the plant of the Model Laundry, are considerably' concerned over a. fissure about- 150 feet long running parallel* to the bank of the river. . . , Ho not, only u n d e r s t a n d s but shares thoir point, of view. As he endorses realism and praises the servile copyist we can visualize his own experience -- billboards, magazine illustrations, calendars and jig-saw puswle.s. With this rich background ho feels well qualified, like most Americans, to criticize art in all its manifestations. Yes, democracy is still working properly. Long live tho t.riln, the vapid, and the mediocre. Neil Ray Hcndricks ^528 NW Elizabeth Joyce Carjr The author of The Moonlight, Joyce Gary, spent a long time getting ready to write novel*. Donegal-born and Oxford-educated, he served in the army and his country's colonial administra- tration, tried to write, stopped to .study some more, and then went back at it again, producing his first work in 1930." The Moonlight is his eleventh novel, his fourteenth book, and his second to be presented to American readers. This stands a good chance of creating for him in thU country the same enviable rcpu- tating which he enjoys at home. .·... Q .-i ing it; Harry, so grubby and common, so calculating a wooer; Aunt Bessie, so adept at making the best, out, of the worst-; hair-lipped H a n n a h . And there .are a couple of memorable scenes: Mrs. Raft's mad blast at. immorality, and the country fair, a kind of rural Lupercalin. Gary dodges back and forth with matchless skill between the old generation and the new; once, you start to rend, you can't put the book down, you can't skip a syllable. He doesn't think too highly of the human r a c e ; ' b u t the human race doesn't need to be discounted when It can produce so sharp, competent and understanding an observer of its myriad weaknesses. WGR .. Q---- niOTOUK, by Norm* Ciracl (Doublcclny). Lu. who married Tony in spite of Rick, and stayed with him, at least for a time, in spite of Jim, is t h o .character on whom this young author invites us to center our attention. Lu and Tony, who run a night spot, have their troubles with waitresses, who have their troubles with men, who have their troubles with the Navy which drops them in this little Florida town long enough t« take a drink but not long- enough to get the benefit of it. About some of the people and incidents there is a tawdry reality, nnd Miss Cirnci handles flashbacks deftly and works in some effective "contrasts nicely. It's an intelligent first novel, but not a. moving one, long on brains but short on heartbeat; the author has done something unimportant f n i r l y well, and from this s t a r t - ing point, she may turn good, or facile and popular --WGR -- o-The public school of the future will be open all year 'round, nnd tho school day will be as long as the working day in the workaday world, Dr. Paul R, M'ort, 'professor of education at Columbia University, and Dr. William S. Vincent, who holds similar position at Pennsylvania State College, predict in their new book, A Look At Our Schools. THE RING ANT) TTTE DREAM, by M it TIC a ret Osborn (H*rp«r; ta.75). As thi* novel opens. * woman with nlmost priceless jewels and man with barely enough to buy himself a drink have started along the fateful paths which lead to an isolated house on a dark night. Julia Fenimore was one of thos« Baltimore belles, and Jim the tycoon paid court, married her and loaded her down with Jewels. The diamonds and other precious stones have a double weight, around her neck and on her wrists and also on her conscience, for the karats represent killings in the. market, an unchecked and ruthless ambition, and suffering in the New England village of Cold Falls. A conversation overheard in an auto, a scrap of newspaper, and rumors and gossip add up, in the tramp's mind, to just the sort of luck which he had run out of at the race track. It sounds too good to be true A house full of untold ftnd easily transportable wealth, and two feeble old women to guard it. But while he lays his plans, the novelist backtracks through Julia's life* to the love she had always felt so deeply for Jim. the evil which had accompanied 'the possession of great riches, the harm the Penimores had done in Cold Falls with one hand while with the other they distributed largesse. To her mind in her lonely old age, the jewels have become the main link with an existence for which little good can be said. The extremes of excessive wealth nnd excessive poverty, one ns reprehensible as the other, converge in a climax with a twofold impact: Spiritual nnd physical, with the act dramatically^ corroborating the Idea. The sound development and writing «re the least t.o be expected from this author, who is the sister of Christopher and Oliver Lo Farge. WGR ,,_. f\. mm MUST HAVE PEACE Snow (Random $2.50). Snow presents his case on the American-Russian problem in four parts. He begins with explanation and illustration of the language barrier; for instance, it is just because we can't hear, or don't want to hear, he maintains, that we read warlike intentions into Stalin's February. 1946, speech. He proceeds with a description of the way we loolc to the Russians; tells why Stalin, however he may talk or however we may think he talks, need* peace, and winds up with his own formula for getting out of hot water. The most interesting section. I find, concerns the Red-eye view of the wicked old U.S.A The Russian, says Snow, is bewildered by the ! democraticvspectacle. In brief he can't tell which we hate, or which we hate more, Fascism or Communism, when he notes among other things MacArthur's support of a Filipino who was a Japanese "puppet." and letter? in the American press urging war on Russia. The Book Find Club's selection for May, this slender volume is provided with an "introduction" by M a r t i n Sommers. foreign editor of the Saturday Evening Post, which printed the first three sections. The fourth, in which Snow claims that the U. S. has the greater responsibility for keeping the peace and therefore should lead the way even if it costs money, was not previously printed, and Sommers disagrees with all or most of it. I can't always decide whether Sommers has written an intro- dution, an apology or *. warning. WGR

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