The Daily Messenger from Canandaigua, New York on January 16, 1948 · Page 3
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The Daily Messenger from Canandaigua, New York · Page 3

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Friday, January 16, 1948
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CANAXDAIfiUA EEPOSITOBY ' CANAXDAIGUA MESSENGER *'·· HIE DAILY MESSENGER ftamded Established in 1797. Vol. 151. No. 13. COUNTY UPAP Weather ri«-» .cwftter, low««t t 'to ^ ; Saturday now fl«f- CANANDAIGUA, N. Y.,. FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1948 Single Copy, Five Cfcnts Irs German Tax Bill Indicated White House Embrace ppposes Any Bail Cutting Federal Revenue i i Declares Knutson Measure Would Create Deficit in 1949 (Fiscal Period ': .WASHINGTON, (^--Secretary of the Treasury Snyder today virtually premised the Republican- con'trollci Congress that President .Truman will veto any attempt to reduce income taxes without boost - .ing other federal revenues. i He laid what looked like an administration ultimatum before the. house ways and means committee, 'whose GOP majority is bent in passing a tax-cutting measure .quickly.''it went like this: "The revenue loss resulting frc-m any tax. adjustments should be offset by upward revisions in other taxes. There must, he no reduction in aggregate revenue." Backs Truman Plan Snyder said the president's own plan of a $40 income tax cut for each taxpayer and dependent, matched by a new 53,200,000,000 hite of corporation profits which exceed a prewar average, would fill the bill. But he declared a measure by Chairman Knutson (R-Minn.) of the ways and means committee, to cut income,,taxes,without making up the loss .elsewhefei would wipe out. part of this year's budget surplus, and create a $2;ODO,000,000 deficit in the 1949 fiscal period beginning-July 1. Furthermore, Snyder, declared, the jinutson. b|ll would cost the government ,$6,200,000,000 a ~year instVaH ·'of the -$5;6GO,000;000 estimated by -th£ Minnesotan, : said,-.-".that. 'pra^^fcijfecOTipTOSG'Tron'- ditic/ris"'.'budgetary" considerations, inflationary .pressures . .and debt mai^gement.ptobj£»is require the maintenance k qf government revenues -at p'reaeht "levels." · In his prepared statement as opening witness at .the committee's tax.,hearings Snyder stopped short ,oi;. Calling President Truman's : plan. the only one the administration will accept 'But he ·..called jt the ."fairest" arid-"most eqWlC^bifi" ,\vay of making .a "cbst-oMiylng tax adjust- men,t" to ease the hardship of price I increases on. families, with low in- 1 comes. ·. - , · : ' . · . · - , - He, said ; the Republican-favored | Knutson,'bili would ,eb; less for the i poorer'taxpayers and above all it would -cause a'critical loss of govern menj"revenue. Republicans have declared the president's p l a n "dead as a mackerel." Introduces Third Set oi Twins State Employes Mrs. George Lowery ol Savaanah, Ga., introduces her third consecutive set of twins to the other two sets, Khunell and Gwynell (left), three and one-half, aiid Brenda Gail and.Gleiida Dale, one year and four months. The new arrivals arc Geraldine Sandni and Jerry Andra. There are five other children in the iamih. Canada Restores Price Controls On Meat, Butter OTTAWA, isPt -- Canadian consumers, .ueset- -oy- sieauny soaring living ~cosis. looked for at least partial relief today in the government's reimposition last night of I price controls on meat and butter. ' In addition, the government said it will a'sk parliament to extend rent controls until Mar. 31, 1949. Controls on meal and butter were lifted last fall, and since that time prices have climbed, accom- Marshall and Taft Headed For Collision On Aid WASHINGTON. (JP -- Secretary of State Marshall and Senator Taft (R-Ohio) appeared headed for angry protests of Daniels Funeral Rites Set Saturday RALEIGH, N. C., t^)--Funeral services will be held at 2:30 p. m. (EST). tomorrow .' for .Joseph us Daniels, .85-year-old eclilor and publisher of the Haleigh Ne\ys and Observer and last survivor of Ihe original VVoodrow Wilson cabinet, lie djed, yesterday. j The services will bo in Raleigh"?' Edetoii street Methodist churrii where Daniels insisted on attending church Jan. .3 .after contracting a severe cold. Bishop W. W. Peele of Richmond, Va., former | pastor of Daniels' church and a close persona] friend, will conduct the services. The 'cold developed into bronrhi- tis and then into pneumonia. Renjt Jikes By Senator panied by the consumers. In Ottawa, butter is currently selling for 73 cents a pound wholesale, and residents who have a fancy for good beefsteak find it priced at 60 to 65 cents. (Butter costs consumers around 95 cents a pound in New York City and steak costs them from 65 to 90 cents .a pound.) Finance minister Douglas Abbott, who announced the re-imposition of controls on the two prime staples last n i g h t , said a ceiling price would be fixed -on butter in a day or two, pegged on a wholesale price per pound in Montreal of 67 cents. It will take about two weeks to evolve a meat ceiling, lie said. Although Abbott said meat ceilings will mean Canadian wholesale and retail prices for pork will be considerably above those of a month ago. they will be less than many prices reported during the past fortnight. Beef, lamb and veal prices will be fixed at prices "moderately above" ceilings abolished last October. Canada, Abbott continued, wiii retain price ceilings-- carried ever since the war-- on sugar and molasses, oils and fats, certain canned fruits and vegetables, primary iron, steel and tin. u n t i l circumstances justify their removal. the 'European recovery plan should cost . . . . . . . . Taft suggested of an informal organization of .20 senators who want, to .make .some f h n n w o i ir the Ttroeram. Taft, who is a leading candidate. for the Republican' ^presidential , nomination, told a Providence, R.I., $1,000,000,000 ' audience last night that Marshall's (billion), slash in foreign aid spend- W unt position on European" aid is ing last night, while the secretary "utterly indefensible."' was warning that any 'radical change would endanger the whole Marshall plan to aid Europe. "The amounts requested," he said, "are based on the vaguest of estimates. Many assumptions '''have Taft, chairman of the Senate (been made which are impossible to 1 Republican policy committee, has j prove. · said before that the administra- "In any event. Congress would f - m « , ?c onn nnn ftnn ·· - t » u 1J1 «" v cveni. v_ujitLtt:^ wuiuu firslM 6 nSSTthf lu'SpS ^ a"'*"* *« constitu^nal duty recovery- plan is too high. Others Agree. A number of other Republicans have agreed, and a cut in the 'lo- talrias.been predicted by Senator j department." Ti.r. 11 C T H.T : \ .-.' _. f ut t. ^ j ^ i *^ if it accepted without the jriost j minute consideration the amount demanded by -the secretary of state, supported by a propaganda carefully organized out of the state Ball (R-Minn). one of the leaders FATALLY WASHINGTON, /P- -- Senator Bricker (R-Ohio) urged .today that .congress open the way for landlords to increase rents o f f millions of tenants who have failed to · si£n ..'leases 'pejmitfyig "voluntary" hikes of up to 15 percent". At tlie same time, Senator Myers (DrPa.) said he is going to "fight 1 like hell"" to strengthen rent ..controls in^ line with President TrUniaiJ's i.' request in his anti- inflat.ipn progjfa'hi. The present" Vent control law is scheduled t6 expire 'February 29. A senate banking 'subcommittee starts hearing's tomorrow on legislation to extend U, BULLETINS INDIANAPOIJ8. (.f) -- The National Labor Relations .board today sought a temporary m- " junctioij in th;. southern Indiana .*: U. S. o^it^ct court here afCkitist the Infer^aiiwna^t'ylpiJgTajihkal ' union and its officers for alleged .violation of the Taft-Hartley act. SCHENECTADY. t/?--Stephen P. Garvin. 22. of New York City. a Union college student, was injured fatally yesterday when t h e car in. which ho was riding crashed into a parked t r u c k . I Vital Considerations j Marshall said in a Pittsburgh I speech t-hat while Congress cer- j-tainly could improve the aid pro: gram in some ways, it had been . planned with "utmost, care, to meet ! many vital considerations affecting i the national interest." j "Radical alteration of the .basic structure," he added, "woulcti I ·fear, jeopardize the prospect that the measure will successfully accomplish the purpose for which it is designed." The 51,000,000,000 cut Taft suggested would be made in the ?4, 882.000.000 total the administration ; wants to spend during the year starting July 1 for the Marshall plan and food for occupied Germany and Austria. The Ohioan did not Much of Nation In Frigid Zone By The Associated Press No relief was in sight from midwinter's severe cold wave- which sent temperatures in the. Midwest and northern New England today to subzero marks in the 20's and to below freezing in southern states. ' . The bitter cold covered a wide area from the eastern Rockies to the North Atlantic. While some sections of the gulf states reported higher temperatures today than vos'ordny, th" mercury dipped bp- iow freezing as far south as nor- j European aid figure, but he indi- thern Florida. j cated that he would like to see it The Midwest's arctic belt ex- i held to 55.000,000.000. tended from the eastern Dakotas j -. . -..-. , ... -- . . . to Illinois with temperatures ranging from 25 below in Minnesota to -2 in Illinois. Sub-zero marks also were reported in northern New England, with the -2-1 at i Houlton. Me., the lowest in that j area. j Colder weather was the fore- | cast for most of the north central j region tonight and similar pre- · -.-pnft rir c nf propose a ' dictions made for many of the sov.in and southwest states. Digging for Buried Treasure CROSS CITY, Fla., (^rV-Ei persons were injured; none w ou-sly," when sli' cars of the Soul'hlafid, Chicairo -to - Tampa passenger train, w^re derailed early today. CIO Auto Workers To Seek 25-Cent Increase in Wages DETROIT. l/PV--The CIO United Auto Workers announced today they would seek a wage increase of 25 cents an hour and an additional five cents for other benefits in forthcoming negotiations with the motor car industry. The demands, approved by the union's " 22-man executive board, are aimed at obtaining a third round of cost-of-Iiving adjustments j since the war. j Also included are d e m a n d s - f o r ) a guaranteed weekly wage and a tfiree weeks vacation fpr workers I w i t h five years seniority. I A 25 cent wage increase would j boost average pay for the 'auto I workers to roughly S1.75 an hour. The additidnal five cents an hour would cover hospitaiization, health, medical and surgical insurance. "A 35 rent wage increase is ne- j cessary," the board's statement (said, "to restore the buying power of auto workers' wages to the level attained in June, 1946, the last month of effective price control." Of 15 Per Cent Compromise in Negotiations Expected Next Week; Employes Asking 25 Per Cent Boost ALBANY, iJPi--A pay increase .of approximately 15 per cent ap- j peared in the making unlay 101 most of the state's 66.000 -m- ployes. Governor Dewey's administration and the civil service employes association still are negotiating but are expected to reach a compromise next week. Informed sources on both sides indicated the boost would be in the neighborhood of 15 per cent except for those in the high-salaried bracket. This group, which includes deputy department heads, is expected to receive somewhat less. The civil service association has asked for a 25 per cent boost. The administration has not disclosed publicly what it feels it can give but has let it be known, that 25 per cent is out of the question. Adjustment Favored' Governor Dewey in his annual message to .the legislature said that state employes had received "no overall adjustment in their scale of compensation since 1946" and were being "seriously curtailed in their real incomes, especial! v because of the rise in food costs." .-"In all justice to the state, em- ploye?," Dejvey promised, "{ £hall Yec.bnim.end. .an appropriate adjustment an ineir pay Three wartjifte "emergency" increases were granted to state em- ployes orid these were made permanent last year.' It was reported unofficially that the planned salary increase would "be Classed "as ' "temporary." This would permit the. state to coritinue- the new schedule o'hly $d"fon n s it felt .c.ost of living conditions warranted it. ' . Retirement Benefits ^.The civil service .employes association, 'wh'ic.h .(palms' a membership of 3ftC(pO state .employes,, announced las,t _nigbt,'it.. would 'sponsor legislation to increase .state retirement benefits. The bifl would provide''a minimum of al least SI, 200 annually and approximately 51.800 for most' retired employes. · There is no fixed minimum ;iow. The association reports thai retirement payments average about $1,000 a year. . Meanwhile. an authoritative source fprecast defeat for ihe Yourig-Milmoe bill to increase State aid to education bv $103,000, OQO. ' . . . . ' " ' . Dewey and members of \ h e toard of regents conferred yesterday afternoon on fiscal aid vo 'common" schools, after wjiich it was disclosed that the amount of increased state aid to schools had not yet been determined. The boost is intended primarily -to assist the poorer school districts, which were hit'by the state- mandated teacher salary increases last yoiii. Walkouts Linked With Red Plans Authorities Fear Trouble Will Spread, 7 5 , f t O O Workers Reported Job By Wes Gallagher BERLIN, (^i--Some 75,000 German workers were, idle today "in four Ruhr valley cities 'in strikes protesting foot shortages. Authorities feared the strike move- mem would spread .- swiftly ...w Germany's industrial heart wMer* hunger grips 4,000,000 wofkeiX Many of them are living on Starvation diets. ' ; . - · . German newspapers in the xve^t- ern occupation .zones linked .the labor crisis with .what they eall-a communist master scheme,. "Pro-. tocol M," to wreck the MarslisU plan. "-',.".,· About 50,000 workers walked out at Duisburg, Muehlheim aiid Dinslaken, quietly . . and . without demonstrations. About '·.·"S/S/Q - .! ready were,, on strike at Obef- f i a u s e n . ' ' · " · ' ' ' . . . " ' - President Truman stoops to take Terry Tullis, three-year-old Laurel, Miss., infantile paralysis victim, jn. his arms as .tiiejipy Watli* U4*-M Ute Ciuei e.vecuttvv ut V«juiifttuii. Teii.i.iuu) wcc»t oC- lecfed as the "Poster Boy" for this year's March of Dimes campaign to raise -funds for treatment of infantile paralysis; · (AP Wirephoto) Trains Halted - . Coal m.iners .and most workers in essential services remained /dre their jobs. Shiploading 7at r f TKEASURY REPORT WASHINGTON, --OP)--The position of the "treasury Jan. 14: Receipts, ^136,241,385"OS; expenditures, .$64,547,987.03; balance. $2,729,422,169.89; total debt, §256.- 544,708,072.99; increase over previous day, $2,137,091.15. Farley Ridicules Wallace As Taft Assails Budget WASHINGTON, --Democrats moved to shore up their defenses against raids by Henry A. Wallace today a? Senator Taft (Pi- Ohio) hammered at what he called President- Truman's "war spending" budget. Taft, who is seeking the GOP presidential nomination, told the Providence. R. I., Republican club last night that §3,000,000,000 can be cut off the president's S39.669,- 000,000 budget for the year beginning July 11 Taft proposed an increase in air corps"* funds as an alternative to universal military training and a 51,000,000,000 cut in foreign aid spending plans. He accused the treasury of juggling figures to prevent a tax cut last year and demanded a cut now in individual income levies. Meanwhile James A. Farley, Democratic national chairman during the first two terms of Franklin Dewey Is Entered In Oregon Primary SALEM. ORE.. /P--Gov. Thomas E. Dewey was entered yesterday in the Oregon preferential presidential primary scheduled for May 21. He was the first candidate entered for either party. i D. Roocievelt, lashed out at Wallace in a speech at Lynchburg, Va. He said the third party candi- j date had failed to find "happiness" j in either the Republican or Demo! cratic parties and expressed the | hope "now that he has a party of | his own, he can be happy in it : and loyal to it." i Farley said it "seems to be a I one-man party" and may "end as I a one-man party." - Taft leveled most of his fire last j night against the Truman admin: istration and the Democrats in i general on the domestic front. | He said although-the president's ! budget calls for taxes that will j take 30 per cent of the nation's in! come, Mr. Truman is "not satis- ' fied" with that and is proposing j a new one-half of 1 per cent pay- j roll tax for a compulsory health j insurance program. ' He said that while the president j now estimates a 57,500,000,000 sur: plus for the current government i year, last summer "the president and Hi" secretary nf the treasury i insisted that the surplus would be only 81,500.000,000 and on that ground the president vetoed two tax reduction bills." "It seems to me we are entitled to have correct figures without-ef- : forts to influence public opinion : for administration policies," Taft said. "It appears now that there never was a justification for ve- i toing the tax reduction bill." to Repeal Ban on Use of Margarine In New York Public Institutions Introduced v - At *ho Bottom of this hrtle hrfhg'madc by (Ir^linV al Green .Cove Springs, F|».,' SO-y«jrr-oW J. B. Mobfc.v hopos 'W firtrt $4,MM),0*0 in "pirafe sold. Building in rear is city office in Center of toivn'wStich has population of 4,000. (AP Wirrplioto) WATER SUFi»LY CUT MARATHON, (/P ·-- The water supply of this Cortland county village of 1,000 was almost x:om- pletely cut off today as the'result o'f a supply line break, fdrcing Marathon Central school to close down. ALBANY, (t -- Proponents of a bill before the legislature to permit the use of butter .substitutes in public-supported institutions hoped today for Governor Dewey's support. ^ They estimated that use of mar- garines, now banned by law, would save the state and local governments about $4,000,000 annually. Senator Arthur Wachtel, Bronx Democrat, introduced a bill yesterday to repeal the statute against the spending of state, county, city and to\vTi funds for butter suhsti- tutional use. The ban was lifted temporarily during the war but was restored last July 1. Normally Republican upstate farm and dairy blocs consistently have opposed the use of butter substitutes in public-supported institutions, but the high cost of butler 'has brought strong agitation, especially among hospital groups, for repeal of the restriction." Proponents of repeal look for support from Governor Dewfy on the basis of: i 1. Reference in his annual mes- j sage to the rising cost of food in i state institutions and his call for j prudent management in the face | of inflated costs generally. j 2. Legislative approval of a S26. · 217,900 deficiency appropriation. j of which a sizeable amount was to I cover deficits arising from soaring j food, costs in state institutions. 3. Recommendation by Dewey's state food commission t h a t the use of oleomargarine he permitted in public-supported institutions "in tho interests nf ;jrod nutrition." The state division of standards and purchase says that about 2. 100,000 pounds of butter are used annually in state institutions and that prices paid since July ranged from 55 cents to S5 cents a pound. Margarine currently sells for between 40 and 50 cents per pound less t h a n butter. Some hospital groups have estimated t h a t use of butter substitutes would save as much as $25 per year per bed in (heir institutions. Others estimated the statewide hospital saving would run as ! lii^h as 52.750,000. ] Other bills introduced would: j Prohibit t h e employment of j women bartenders (Senator Joseph E. Parisi. R-Brooklyn'. Require landlords to paint leased premises once every three years and prohibit them from accepting more than one month's rent as a deposit (Assemblyman Richard M. Gold water. D-Bronx). I Establish a maximum 40-hour j j work weok for municipal firemen j (Assemblyman Richard 11. Knauf, R-Broome). Continue until July 1, 1919, the limited mortgage moratorium on owner-occupied one, two and t-hree- family dwellings (Senator William Rosenblatt and Assemblyman Law-! rence P. Murphy, D-Brooklyn. Suspend, u n t i l July 1. 1949, summary proceedings for eviction of tenants holding: over without landlord's permission a f t e r .expiration of lease. (Rosenblatt and Murphy). Increase workmen's compensation maximum weekly benefits from $28 to 535 and permit payments immediately instead of after seven days (Senator Parisi). burg, the huge inland- port at tBe junction of the Rhine and RuKr rivers, continued uninterrupted. Freight trains were halted at Duisburg, but passenger trains were running. ·-· - - · . - , Simultaneously, Germany's spat* tering political situation boiled up. Several old line German Communists revealed they had split "wttn- Moscow-directed. Communists. and formed an opposition fifty. \ · Moscow jBrmJnBrt« .- - - The Moscow radio addwl its bit to-^he- Ruhr's ^turbulent political pot by. broadcasting-a special .firo- gram 4.0 hungry B«hrmb»ers'S*ek- ing to prove that the way to more potatoes was through the Communist party. · · . - ·· The Ruhr, which has remained comparatively quiet since last winter's food riots, sprang sudde'h- ly into the European picture when the 1,550 calory subsistence ration level dropped in many places to' : .li- 200 and even 1,100 levels. Although British-American fpjpd' imports have been on schedule, collections from German fanners have not. American and British military governments blamed German officials for failure to collect/ ; German officials -in turn blanied^the military governments for hqtTjjiv- ing them power to .enforce "collections. · " · Against the advice of their .union leaders, Ruhr workers have launched protest strikes. 100,000 Off Jobs Starting with 25)000-- yesterday. the ranks of the strikers appeared to be swelling well over the $00;000 mark today and a general strike involving most of the 4,000,000 workers threatened the .entire Ruhr. In the midst pf these ; developments, the "Protocol 'Si" dbeunilht popped up simultaneously at several places in Germany. j ;;. "Protocol M" was reported ..to be an operation order from, the Cominform--Communist " "international information bureau"---fpr a paralyzing strike in the Ruhr in March, aimed at smashing the Marshall plan. " Details of the alleged plan first were published in the French-controlled German newspaper Der Kurier, but within a few hours military government officials, the British foreign office and German Social Democrat leader Dr. Kurt Schumacher all said they had copies of the "secret" document. Foreign office officials in London said they believed the document was "genuine." Whether it is an actual document of the Cominform or not the plan's orders closery follow known German communist aims and it appeared that hunger threatened to touch off the desired general strike two months ahead of schedule. Communists Split Interviews with known old line Communists disclosed that the differences over the Marshall plan have split the western German Communists. Veteran Marxists who declined to be quoted by name said a small dissident group, has been formed under the cognomen of KPO (Communist Party Opposition). One Communist who spent. 12 years in a Nazi concentration camp and worked under the old Comintern, explained that the new group was a small minority who believed in old line Marxist-Communist thought and deplored the new Communist subservience to Moscow directives. Many of these old line German Communists favor the Marshall plan as necessary for the rebuilding of Germany, While not favoring the United States, they have opposed the calling of poJfllcaJ strikes to sabotage German In* dustrial recovery.

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