EDITORIALS OF Brita Pago Â·) Greenville, Miss., Sunday, June C, 1935 Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. --Thomas Jefferson D-Day Omaha, Juno, Sword, Red, Gold! Have we forgotten the day 21 years ago when the Allied forces, commanded by Generals Eisenhower and Montgomery, stormed the beaches of the Cherbourg peninsula breaching the seemingly impenetrable w a l l of Hitler's "Festung Europa"? What kind of effort did it demand to crush this monument to Plus 21 human depravity, built on the bodies of millions of Jews, Poles, Dutch, Slavs and French? The answer lay in cooperative action against a common enemy, the laying aside of national differences and discarding prejudices in the face of the greatest threat the modern world had known. We should have learned our lesson! Great Day For Mankind There they are and the mind boggles. We are back at Kitty Hawk and the Wright brothers are pushing off the sand spit to the jeers of the world. We watch Columbus embark on a voyage which all know is doomed : to inevitable failure. The atomic bomb is exploded over Hiroshima. And man -- each of us -- stands and gapes. WE FIND it virtually impossible to understand what Ed White and James McDevitt must be feeling For a lucky minority the shot into space is a goad to the imagination, and there is no age limit on the observers. The young, who can foresee the day when they will be participating in more sophisticated versions of this pioneering orbital flight, eagerly await their chance. Older citizens, knowing they will never be able to shoot toward the stars, live vicariously with White and McDivitt, grasping to comprehend the enormity of their enterprise. THIS IS a day, a time for mankind to be proud. Not Russians, McNamara Attacks Junketers; LBJ Faces Hard Choice With Colemanl WASHINGTON -- In the nation's capital you get your driver's license revoked if you roll up loo many points for traffic violations. In the Defense Department the Secretaries of Army, Navy, and Air Force get their right to junket congressmen around the world revoked if weighs their mail on Viet Nam they roll up to many points by taking congressmen on junkets. The point system for entertaining congressmen has been worked out by Secretary of Defense Bob McNamara as a private mailer between him and the secretaries of (be armed services. He is not entirely against taking c o n - gressmen on joy rides. He just doesn't want it overdone. Ami al times there have been so many congressmen and brass hats us- man and Colemnn was assistant to a Mississippi congressman. Both Sen. Ted Kennedy of T h e y have been friends tve* Massachusetts and Sen. B ob since. Kennedy of New York are get- ling more mail opposing any a charming, likeable man. lie has handled the defense of the Mississippi congressmen, In tha lion mail sent to the two Kennedy brothers. regulation of rille sales than on any other subject. It far out- . The ex - Governor of Mississippi is a persuasive lawyer and the Dominican Republic, move lo unseat them, with skill completely ignores the fact that ami brilliance, their brother was killed by was kille y a mail-order rifle. Teddy Kennedy Is answering his mail in Â« rouline way. Bobby gets rather indignant about his. Other members of Congress are also receiving a deluge of mail, most of it inspired by National Rifle Association lobbyists. Some of Ihe propaganda But as Governor he signed into being the Mississippi State Sovereignly Commission, which became Ihe watchdog for whita supremacy and allocated funds to the White Citizens Council and lo lobby against lha Civil Rights bill. When running for Governor against Paul Johnson, Coleman also bragged how he had taken ing government planes that it in- put out by the lobby is pure fie- care of the integration prob- Icrfered with Ihe normal move- lion, such as the rumor that the lem at Ihe University of Missis- ment of troops. new legislation would prevent a sippi by having the Mississippi All this gets down to Ihe fact sportsman from carrying his ri- Highway Patrol pick up Clen fie from one stale to another. This is untrue. Nevertheless many irate gun owners are writing Congress protesting against Disiribuied by King Feoturti SyndUol- and experiencing as they whirl not Americans (although it is im- through space, day after day, incredible maneuver after incredible manuever. For White, it is an existence experienced by only one other man as he casts off into the vast void which surrounds Gemini Four. What are we, earthbound, to know portant that we have moved so far, so quickly with our competitive effort) but h u m a n beings -it is as such we applaud. There are the limits of our obvious mortality which encompass what man shall do. There are the deep defects of the human spirit Birthdays And Anniversaries Fall Fast During This Warm June Month that the different branches of Ihe armed services like lo win friends and influence votes by taking congressmen on "inspection trips." It helps with appro- something that isn't in the bill priations and is one reason de- a t all. Enforcement of Ihe gun law, if and when passed, will come under Internal Revenue's alcohol tax unit, and as a result Ihe Whtie House is turning over its gun mail to Commissioner Shel- DISCOURAGE Congres- fense budgets breeze through Congress while money for Ihe Labor Department, Education, Food and Drug, etc. is scrutinized, haggled over, and chiseled. of what he has felt and discover- which can so easily subvert our ed? We remain tied to Spain as our adventurer makes off for the new world. And so for many of us the only reaction is a blind acceptance, because comprehension is impossible. Having seen the world changed more drastically in our lifetime than it had in all the recorded history of this planet, we are no longer able to absorb the meaning or the science of space j o u r n e y s a n d interplanetary probes. We accept, because we highest achievements to the lowest uses. But today, as we strain to understand and stay to applaud, we can take pride in what we, as mankind, have done. Samuel Eliot Morison o n c e wrote of Columbus, "He enjoyed long stretches of pure delight such as only a seaman may know, and moments of high, proud exultation that only a discoverer can experience.' ' This is the delight and exultation that McDivitt and White know they are up there, but that must know today. It is one we can is all. share, if not fully comprehend. The Self-Fillfilling Prophecies The propagandists Here we are one whole week deep in June, and our .second grandchild is liaving n fifteenth birthday in Pennsylvania. Pcr- hnps our readers will remember Micky (the baptismal name is Charlotte Burton Adams) who w r o t e the Mississippi theme way back in Hie spring of 61, aidcrl by some potent assists from Jim Hand of Rolling 1'ork and a host of other well-wishers. Here at home. General Eva (Mrs. Frank Sr.) England is having a June 7lh birlhdny loo, and so is one of her grandchildren, Miss Karen Leigh Thompson, of the Massachusetts Colony- ness liist Saturday morning. Back to D-Day, don't fail to read William S. White's thought on the subject, in his column for last Wednesday, June 2nd. It was beautifully done. BACK TO birthdays, Mary Lee Hamilton (Mrs. J a m e s ) Trimble, had one yesterday herself in Port Gibson. We remember Ihis because, when all the guessing was going on in the spring of 44 about the invasion date, Mrs. Trimble stood pat on her prediction that it would take place on June 6th, which was her birthday. Mrs. (Mrs. Ralph) Haxtoii said after- tr I'.':' -.-ara.TTT- -cgsr.~JTT.-ynCTr.TJl Quirks her who ward that Mary Lee and husband (Slick" Trimble) was overseas at the time, might have set up some sort of code to get by the censorship of letters, but we still think it was a matter of coincidence, pure and simple, and nothing more, Mrs. Trimble and Mrs. Gene Gannon of Greenville are sisters. TO sional junkets, McNamara now limits these trips by subtracting points from Ihe Army, Navy, and Air Force for each one taken. Thus each military service must now be more selective in currying favor with congressmen. McNamara allows 300 points apiece lo Ihe Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. For each day that a congressman is a military guest, one point is charged against the secretary whose service invited him. The Secretary must also pass personally on every invitation. don Cohen of Internal Revenue lo be answered. So much mail has been received that it's already cost Uncle Sam $25,000 to answer, PRESIDENT JOHNSON now has four vacancies to be filled on the U. S. Court of Appeals, fifth circuit, and the selection of these judges will influence southern race problems for the next decade. non King, who wanted to register at Ote Miss, and put him in the Whitfield insane asylum. * * * COLEMAN'S appointment ij being pushed by Sen. John Stennis of Mississippi, who snubbed Lady Bird Johnson when shs toured the South last fall. When southern judges cama up for appointment under the late John F. Kennedy, Sen. Eastland, D-Miss., Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, exercised considerable influence. As a result, some of the most reactionary appointments of a decade were made under Kennedy, including U. S. District Judge Harold Cox, Eastland's classmate at Ole Miss, who dissmissed the indictments against the alleged murderers of the Philadelphia, Miss., civ- The fifth circuit is the main jl rights workers; Judges Frank TODAY IS another anniversary for D-Day and Ihe Normandy rights groups and the rise in ex- Beachhead. We have reminisc- more gearing up fheir pet phrases tremist organization membership c1 lierc ^torc now of the early to describe the planned summer within the state, and find that P h Â° n e - call from Mrs. Harry (Miss Eleanor") Bnll, June 6, J9H telling us that she had just turned on her radio to learn thai the invasion wns underway and going well. Twenty - one years later, the telephone rings again, al 5:50 a. in. on June 5lh to be exact, and it's Mrs. Formigrmi calling to tell us lhat Tony has a cotton bloom, a pink one meaning that Ihe news is already one day old, and thai he is pacing the floor even more excitedly lhan he was when Ihe children and and grandchildren were born. Brother John ami Tony planted this cotton on April 2nd. Sloneville 2-13, (herewith a plug for Oeorge Rea ami company) and hope Iheirs is Hie first bloom to be reported. In fact, they may have hccn silting on Ihe rioorslep of W D D T . blossom in hand, when Ihe broadcasting station opened for busi- civil rights work in the nation. And once again they are deliberately intoning, over and over, the phrase, "A long, hot hummer." As last summer proved, this can be a self-fulfilling prophecy. Just one time we wish the activists would confine themselves to going about their work, leaving the headline- making to events rather than predictions. A contributing factor in 1 a s t summer's violence -- small but definite -- was the steady drumbeat of publicity which some of the more demagogic of the civil rights leaders released from January on. They invoked the possibility, or rather the probability, that federal troops would be stationed at every courthouse in Mississippi before the summer w a s over. They spoke of tens of thousands of volunteers coming to the state, when in fact there were less than a thousand. THE emotionally unstable, the ignorant, the haters and the potential killers read these reports and geared themselves accordingly. It should be possible some day for a historian to plot on a graph t h e increased tempo of news release and wild assertion from the civil they match closely. This is not said to let the state, or its responsible people, off the hook for what happened here last summer. Responsibility, provocation or no provocation, lay ultimately with a failure of decency, of law enforcement and of leadership in too many sections of the state. An unwillingness to face reality and to accept the law of the land lay at the bottom of our violence-torn three months in 19G4. But the deliberate f a n n i n g of existing emotions, the provocative forecasts of mass trouble, fans the flames where water is needed and allows fear and hate to feed ever more fiercely upon themselves. Hoy Wilkins of the NAACP have deliberately steered clear of the prophecies of armageddon. We only wish some of the other civil rights leaders and organizations would now do the same, not only in regard to Mississippi but throughout the nation. Even with the coolest possible heads we are going to be passing through an exceedingly difficult period for some time to come. Deliberately encouraging the hotheads is an an act of total irresponsibility. SHOULD EXPELL WASHINGTON (UPI) - Sen. Clifford P. Case, R-N.J., says the United Stales should expell foreign diplomats who flout U.S. laws, traffic or otherwise. Case told the Senate Friday that any embassy personnel wlio violate local laws where they are assigned should also be sent home. Likewise, any American official who violate the laws of the country where he is assigned "b\Vjuld not be continued in representation of this country," he added. OKS BILL WASHINGTON (UPI) - The House Agriculture Committee has approved an emergency bill to help farm victims of floods, tornadoes ami other natural disasters. The bill, cleared Friday, would permit farmers unable to plan crops because of disaster, and who signed up for the 1565 f a r m program, lo participate in the program without actually planting their crops. * * CRUELEST M A I L barrage received by any member of Congress is the anli-gun regula- So time gets away, and we trust that none of the good folks mentioned here today resent being reminded of another birthday. Speaking for Old Stuff, we are grateful every time w e make another one, grateful that we still live even in so dubious an era as this one. And it often is a case of here today and gone tomorrow. Like going into the little hardware store on North Street a few days ago, and expecting the usual cheerful greetings from Mr. Hale Thompson who has clerked [here (along with' Daddy Joyner and the lale Broughton Henderson Sr.), only to be told by Mrs. Williams thai Hale Sr. has passed on. *Â· * * MR. THOMPSON was so courteous and friendly, so accommodating, and seemed to take a personal inleresl in our W ...,.,,,,..,.,, lillle problems, like a broken --Â·-Â·Â·"Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·- ..Â·:.;Â»::.*Â·..,.. hoe-handle, a ferrule for the hay-fork, a few feet of sash-cord or nails and staples for the da ^ lh _ a ^ *Â« j^?!^TM 11 ' fence. He also knew our dogs by name, as well as their pedigrees, and seemed genuinely concerned at the passing of Smoky Joe," of the Cnliihoula strain that he knew so well. It is a mailer of shock, as well as of sadness, for us to be saying goodbye lo Hale Thompson, and we beseech blessings for his memory. tribunal for the South, extending from Texas to Florida, and if President Johnson, first southerner to occupy the White House in a hundred years, appoints the friends of southern senators to these positions, much of his courageous work for improved race relations will be stymied. If on the other hand Once the 300 points are used up, no more congressmen are permitted to go on junkets until the next year. NOTE -- McNamara has one other rule: No freshman mem- he appoints judges of the caliber bers of Congress can be invited picked by Eisenhower, race re on junkets. The freshmen apparently aren't important enough to waste poinls on. This is probably a mistake, for the freshman congressmen this year are one of the best crops in history. lations in the South will go forward. At the moment it's reported Johnson is planning to appoint his old friend Jim Coleman, ex- Governor of Mississippi, to Ihe fifth circuit bench. Coleman and Johnson got to know each other when the President was a young assistant to a Texas congress- Ellis and Gordon West of Louisiana; and Judge Robert Elliott of Georgia, who, after the Supreme Court had ruled against segregation, decreed that thÂ« Supreme Court was wrong. In contrast, Eisenhower appointed Judge John Minor Wisdom to the Court of Appeals in New Orleans, John R. Brown to tl:e same court in Houston, and Elbert Tuttle lo the fifith circuit court in Georgia -- all among the finest judges in the nation. President Johnson has dons more for the Negro cause lhan any President since Abraham Lincoln. Friends say he is not likely to undo this achievement to appease some of his old cronies on the Senata Judiciary Committee. All-Purpose Press Release Should [(Lighten State Department's Load tfrt Things happen so fast these no longer has time to put out a statement for each crisis. To solve the problem a friend of mine has devised an all-purpose press release which is being sent out to newspapers, magazines, and television stations throughout the country. It goes like this: ..DEPARTMENT OF STATE ....(Date) For Release . The United States government welcomes the progress, during the past twelve hours, toward freedom and increased stability in . While reluctant to condone any resort to violence, we regard the events in as a significant step toward more orderly democracy and t h e strengthening of the work]. The President and the National Security Council met today to discuss the situation and the President is sending . as his personal representative to give him a firsthand report and to make future recommendations. This in no way shows his lack of confidence in Ambassador Â· .---, who has We pledge our firm support for been called back fo Washington Gen. -- of the party, and are encouraged by his promise fo return in due course to civilian rule. Powell Guest At Aurnial Buckley Roasting There Go The Weeds At this point, everyone is tired of talking about the overgrown vacant lots in Greenville. The City Beautification Committee is tired of it. The properly owners wish everyone would go away. We on the newspaper are weary of the reminders, the occasional pictures and even editorials such as (his. Â· But there is one group which is even more tired and more annoyed by the whole situation than anyone. These are those people un- fication I am advised by my conscience that I have not done my duty this season until I pay my respects to Adam Clayton Powell Jr. I confess that I need to drag committce to spend its ,. , . . time prodding this property own- %Â£\Â£ ^^ 'Â° ^ fortunate enough to live near the isance. er or that one if, just as soon as he cuts his lot, he lets it go to weeds again. Looking at two of the lots close fo the Delta Democrat- Times, we wonder why anyone would be interested in locating anything on either. But these are only two out of scores of similar lots all over town, in which the Johnson grass competes with the insects for the title of biggest nu- weed farms which have cropped lip all over town. ! IF THEY have small children, 1jhe lots are a distinct threat, for What is hard to understand Is why individuals who wouldn't think of letting their own lawns go more than a week without a In days gone by, when the Reverend Powell was a hero to significant members of the liberal community, it was different. I have expended, In my lifetime, as much first-class indignation on the rascal us on anybody in the world, regardless of race, color, or creed. And it was not, by the way, all lhat long ago lhat everyone agreed to hate Adam. John I". Kennedy couldn't wait, having taken his oath of office as President of Ihe United States, to toss a testimonial dinner for Powell, to which he dis- be Immune from the assaults of Ihe highest princes of America: because Ihcy were there. Or most of them, anyway. And I can prove it. * * * THE LATEST effrontery of Adam Powell, which has the New York Times so worked up it quite literally can't stand it, is this. Mr. Powell has what you - say, a way with women. A couple of years ago he scandalized by taking a couple of Miss America-types to Europe to investigate women's rights o r G r e e k culture o r something ( " A d a m contemplating t h e Dusts of Venus," National Review entitled its editorial comment). Congress, of course, paid Ihe bill. t t * MEANWHILE THE Incum- matters Involving the Reverend Powell's al-homencss with the Federal Treasury, Congress, passed a resolution to the effect that any remuneration to a member of a Congressman's staff may only be for services rendered either in Washington, or in the Congressman's home district. * * * THIS RESOLUTION disad- vnntaged Mrs. Powell because she lives blissfully, steadfastly, in Puerto Rico, Rev's home away from home. Congress went lo the trouble of reaffirming this resolution in January of this year. Results? Zero. year ago. "Adam," said Amsterdam, "has seniority. That ij what he has." Indeed. He is head of one of Ihe most import- toward for consultation. "Gen. . is considered a friend of the United Stales, having studied at the War His actions have spelled de- P ) " ese ' in . Washington, and he feat for the lyrannical forces of f as . p . rom 'f d slr Â° n e- forceful M General (b) Colonel (c)Pre- ?"?" Pf J 0r , T~' . s T Clh ' ng sklent (d) Premier (c) Prince t h a t has bcc " 1ackin S In (he P ast of the badly split party, and have given new hope for the free people of . Our support for Gen. 's g o v e r n m e n t represents n o under the weak regime of Â·--Â· and his so - called democratic government. (a) General (b) Colonel (c) President (d) Premier (e) fy u i ii i IL ui ii IL i iiijivaujiib nu r ^ ' . , , . i change in United States policy Pn " ce ~ has Sou 8 ht P 0 '' 1 "* 1 r J nsvllim in fho rvmK^cci* ant committees of Congress, whence he stalks Washington, dispensing and withholding favors. At home, in Harlem, he has nothing at nil fo worry about. The fiercer the pressures to exercise Congress of his presence, the broader his smile. Â» * * YOU KNOW why t h e y don't like me?" he grins at his audience. "Because I travel first class." It brings down Ihe house. They "resent him" -not because he is a demagogue; Nor does it change the United States posture vis-a-vis or Â·--Â· or . To help the people- of -- get back on Iheir feet, the President has authorized a special fund of dollars to pay for the salaries of the army and new government officials. Tie President has also promised --- dollars in loans to and lias promised military aid and advisors to prevent another The U. S. Fleet has been asylum in the - embassy and will probably be allowed to leave the country. Almanac they harbor rats and snakes, mos- trim are so indifferent to their ob- patched no less lhan two C.nbi- bent Mrs. Powell had been se- cjuitoes and flies. If they have no children, they must grit their teeth $s they watch their neighborhood ligations on their own property in their parts of town. Since they are, net members -- who arrived drunk, one hopes: as the only lady, who continues lo do her duties in Puerto Rico, 1200 miles or so away from the offices of her h u s b a n d . The "Times" lecled from among his pulch- wants to know why Congress ritmlinous staff. She had been doesn't do something about it. The checks keep going lo the no( because he is a scoundrel; however, the city has the obliga- wav to deaden the shock of Irav- making $3,071 per a n n u m . A Good point. Begging the super!defaced by the negligence of oth- tion and the legal authority to ellin Â£ (rom lho fresh-blown rhc- month after their marriage, she or point, why doesn't Congress Harlem are littered with their ers. It docs no good for the beauti- by proper action. force a new sense of responsibility lolic of the NcwFTM"'"-. " 'I' 6 HOODING CARTER Editor and Publisher HODDING CARTER III JOHN T. GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager gall of gourmandi/ing over the virtues of Adam Clayton Powell Jr. I have tucked away a list of the sponsors of that affair. Charily compels me to Keep it under lock and key. But come lo me demonstrated such superior ad- dÂ° somthing about Ihe Reverend minisiralive skills as to war- Powell? What does Mr. Powell have that other people dcn't have, that gives him Iheso numinous prerogatives? I heard a liberal not because he flouts the law. But because he is uppity. And we Negroes have to stick together. The crowd goes wild witn loyalty. way the internal affairs of the Responsible Negroes have fri- country. The fleet had been reed to depose him. The sireets of ques tel by Gen. and under Ihe agreement we had no By United Press International Today is Sunday, June 6, tha 157th day of 1965 with 208 to follow. The moon is in its first quarter. The morning star is Saturn. The evening stars are Venus and Mars. American patriot Nathan Hala On this day in history; In 1816, ten inches of snow fell in New England beginning SECRETARY of State D e a n the "year in which there waj Rusk denied that the fleet was shed and to protect American there. sent to no summer." to influence in any In 1933, a motion picture "drive-in" theater, the first of its kind, opened in Camden, In 19M, D-Day began, ths bones Martin Luther King, for choice but to provide American greatest invasion the world had Â· f i l l K i e nratAne-istno inn't Â«.- - * . . , _ -Â·Â·Â» nvn in IIQVI rant a raise to $12,374. Months later, she was raised to a salary of $18,907, a salary approaching that of a Congressman. Prodded b y Representative all his pretensions, can't, or at least doesn't, resist h i m . If President Kennedy can back Adam Powell, why can't they? take- editor ask the editor of the Arn- ,lohn Ashbrook, who brought up sterdnm News (New York's from whatever direction, I shall the matter and other related Negro paper) Ihe question * call me, I'll call you. support to prevent over. Mr. Rusk promised that as soon as things stabilized he Indeed, why not? It would be in- would withdraw the ,-- Fleet, Army Organisation in Algeria lerestmg to hear Robert Kenne- and Ihe Marine Brigade called on their followers to dy's view of Ihe matter. Dcn't which was landed three days Â·go. ever known, under the command of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower. In 1962, leaders of tin Secret resume terrorist activities against independenc* groupt.
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