# The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas · Page 14

Publication:
Location:
Brownsville, Texas
Issue Date:
Friday, June 6, 1947
Page:
Page 14

THE BROWNSVTLLE HEKA1JO DREW PEARSON Â· Â· Â· Che AN INDKt'KN'DKNT NEWSPAPEK. Founded by Jrs.io O. WhecUvr, Jtuly 4. 1892 B n t n r d f i y n n d S u n r l n y morninu f u h l i s h p r l c t r r y n f f . * i r n n n n The Brownsville Herald P u b l i s h i n g Compuny 1 nut n i.!h d i x l Adiu'flft Jitrr:Â«HS 0!0 E o \VKN8 Publisher K O KOF'FBTEN. JR AasoclaU Publisher CURTIS VIN5JQN ^._._ . . - . . . . . . . Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Editor J^u^cd a* Bpcond-CluBs M u t t e r nt Uio I'ostofflcu at Urownivllle. TexaÂ», UiÂ« Act of Congress of M a r c h 3, Va;ii-r y e a r ) . $10.00: By Msill UP 25 C 5 By Mall In tho Rio Grand. y e a r )$13.00. PRESS of all the A s s o r t e d Press !s e n t i t l e d e x c l u s i v e l y lo tho uso .'or r e p u b l i c f t t l o n l o c a l news p r i m e d In t h i n n e w s p a p e r , ixs wdl an nil AP news dtspiucnei^ Do The Railways Rule Us? AS a resident ami a t a x p a y e r interested in Browiw- v i l l e , its d e v e l o p m e n t and its progress, do you propose to sit i d l y by and w a t c h ,H r a n k discrimination i n r a i l w a y t a r i f f s a p p l i c a b l e t o s h i p m e n t s f r o m here t h r o t t l e the port's growth and deal a paralyzing- b l o w to the e c o n o m y of the. w h o l e Lower V a l l e y ? Do you propose to p e r m i t r a i l w a y systems now o p e r a t i n g i n the. V a l l e y , systems t h a t have f e d f o r v e a r s o n t h e r i c h b u s i n e s s o f t h i s a r e a , drive away o t h e r e n t e r p r i s e e s t a b l i s h e d here a n d discourage f r o m c o m i n g n e w b u s i n e s s t h a t i s p l a n n i n g t o locate? Do you w a n t to see the t h r i v i n g ocean s h i p p i n g n o w m o v i n g i n a n d o u t o f P o r t H r o w n s v i l l e , busi- n o s t h a t i s b r i n g i n g h u n d r e d s of t h o u s a n d s o f doll a r s t o t h e c i t y a n d t h e r e g i o n a s a w h o l e , slow u p , f a l l o f f a n d t h i n d o w n t o a m e r e t r i c k l e ? Do you w a n t to see the y e a r s ol: effort, the g r e a t s u m s o f m o n e y , t h o p l a n n i n g a n d t h e d r e a m i n g t h a t h a v e gone i n t o the. b u i l d i n g of Port Browns- v i l l e n u l l i f i e d b y a n a r b i t r a r y rate d i s c r i m i n a t i o n c a l c u l a t e d to d i v e r t b u s i n e s s f r o m t h i s port to other p o r t s of T e x a s at the w h i m of the r a i l r o a d s ? Do you p r o p o s e to do n o t h i n g a b o u t an u n f a i r a n d a n ' i m i u . * t f r e i g h t t a r i f f d e c r e e t h a t vital ly^ a f - fects y o u r b u s i n e s s and the business of v^Xir neigh- b o r j u s t b e c a u s e t h e r a i l w a y s h a v e l a i d down t h e - l a w and say it must be t h a t w a y ? Â· ' If you dg p r o p o s e to do these things, without s t i r r i n g a h a n d to h e l p y o u r s e l f and your comm u n i t y , y o u h a v e m a d e a f a i r start. For b u s i n e s s d r a w n h e r e b y t h e port, business t h a t had e x p e c t e d to h a v e \in even b r e a k h e r e , is b e g i n n i n g to l e a v e . O t h e r businesses w i l l do the same if t h e r a i l w a y s a r e p e r m i t t e d t o c o n t r o l t h e situation i n b e h a l f o f t h e i r o w n i n t e r e s t s . * * + * \ N ' N ' O U N n O M K N T w a s r e c e i v e d y e s t e r d a y b y Port 1 B r o w n s v i l l e a u t h o r i t i e s t h a t n e x t w e e k the Pan- A m e r i c a n B a n a n a P r o d u c e r s A s s o c i a t i o n , Ltd., o f M o n t r e a l , C a n a d a , w i l l t r a n s f e r i t s operations from B r o w n s v i l l e t o C l a l v e s t o n . T h e ; r e a s o n , a c c o r d i n g to o f f i c i a l of the comp a n v n o w h e r e , i s f o u n d i n t h e ^discriminatory f r e i g h t r a t e a p p l i c a b l e t o s h i p m e n t s o u t o f here. o b a n a n a c o m p a n y w i l l e f f e c t a s a v i n g o f - S I 00 a car on s h i p m e n t s out of G a l v e s t o n as red w i t h s h i p p i n g costs o n m o v e m e n t s o u t of B r o w n s v i l l e . T h e P a n - A m e r i c a n c o n c e r n does a n a t i o n - w i d e busim-s* i n h a n d l i n g t r o p i c a l f r u i t . It h a s been l o - c a t e d a t Port B r o w n s v i l l e f o r a b o u t three years a n d h a s o p e r a t e d t w o s h i p s i n t h e b a n a n a trade between h e r e a n d M e x i c a n ports. T h e c o m p a n y h a d planned t o p u t a n o t h e r s h i p i n t o o p e r a t i o n o n this run. S h i p s of the c o m p a n y h a v e been u n l o a d i n g from 350 to n O O t o n s of b a n a n a s h e r e a week, or between 20,000 to 25.000 tons a y e a r . By reason of the d i s c r i m i n a t o r y r a i l rates app l i c a b l e t o s h i p m e n t s f r o m h e r e , t h i s sizeable business is now p u l l i n g up s t a k e s to l o c a t e in another Texas port w h e r e the rate s c h e d u l e is more at- t r a c t i v e . , Both - t h e M i s s o u r i P a c i f i c a n d t h e Southern P a c i f i c l i n e s , o p e r a t i n g i n t h e V a l l e y , a l s o operate i n a n d o u t o f C a l v e s t o u . I f t h e y c a n h a n d l e t h e b a n a n a m o v e m e n t o u t o f G a l v e s t o n a t t h e lower r a t e , why 710! out of B r o w n s v i l l e ? It just d o e s n ' t m a k e sense. * \f * * Â£TFOKTS b y t h e B r o w n s v i l l e N a v i g a t i o n District a u t h o r i t i e s t o g e t s o m e t h i n g d o n e a b o u t this i n e q u a l i t y h a v e b e e n c a r r i e d o n o v e r a l o n g p e r i o d . T w o s u i t ' s f i l e d by t i n - D i s t r i c t a g a i n s t v a r i o u s r a i l road.- w h i c h o p e r a t e i n Texas a n d - o t h e r sections o f t h e I ' n i t e d State:--, s e e k i n g t o g e t t h e d i s c r i m i n a t o r y t a r i f f s a d i u s t e d , a r e n o w p e n d i n g b e f o r e t h e Interstate- f o m m e r e r - P o m m i s s i o M i n W a s h i n g t o n . But: t h o s e J - ' r i n g s t a k e a l o n g time for settle- m e n t . I n t h e m e a n t i m e , t h e Pa n- A m e r i c a n B a n a n a Prod u c e r s A s s o c i a t i o n . Ltd., w i l l h a v e located i n a comp e t i n g p o r t . T h e d e c i s i o n o f t h e P a n - A m e r i c a n c o m p a n y ( i f l most i m p o r t a n l . O t h e r c o m p a n i e s m a y b e t h i n k i n g of f l y i n g t h e sa m e . B r n w M s v i l l o V o o r t w i l l s e r v e a s l i t t l e m o r e t h a n a h a r t " Â· - : ; / e f o r f i s h i n g c r a f t i f t h i s sort o f t h i n g c o r. t i 1 1 ^ . I t V :Â·Â· ' I ' l e s l i o n of w h n is to d i r e c t the. a f f a i r s of R r o w i m v i l l " . w h o i s t o d e c i d e w h a t i s f a i r a n d j u s t f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f B r o w n s v i l l e a n d t h e Valley -- t h e p e o p l e o f B r o w n s v i l i e o r t h e r a i l w a y s . R i g h t n o w i t l o o k s l i k e t h e r a i l w a y s a r e doing i t . f ^ l ' S S I A ' s a b o l i t i o n o f t h e d e a t h s e n t e n c e i s inter- e s t i n g I n A m e r i c a n * , a-i a n i n d i c a t i o n o f t h e cur- r e n t S o v i e t s t a t e o f m i n d . T h e a c t i o n seems t o sign i f y a n i n c r e a s e d s e l f - c o n f i d e n c e o n t h e p a r t o f t h e g o v e r n m e n t a n d a d d e d p u b l i c s u p p o r t o f that gov- e r n m e n t . But p e r h a p s more i n t e r e s t i n g t o A m e r i c a n s i s t h e k i v - v , l e d j / ' - t h a t t h e d e a t h s e n t e n c e f o r m e r l y v/as r e s e r v e d a l m o s t e x c l u s i v e l y t o p u n i s h c r i m e s a g a i n t t h e s t a t e . I ' m l e r t h e 1926 code pre- m e d i t a t e d m u r d e r c a r r i e d o n l y o n e t o 1 0 years' loss r . f i i b e r t y - - - a p r e c e d e n t w h i c h reportedly c o n t i n u e d u n d e r l a t e r a n d b r o a d e r laws. T h i s i s o n l y a n o t h e r e x a m p l e o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l ' s s t a t u s u n d e r t h e H i i p i v n M ' - s U t t ; s e t u p which t h e Soviet g o v e r n m e n t is p l e a s e d to c a l l d e m o c r a c y , Famqus Fables OI T OF P K A C T K ' r ; : When humorist Don Marquis v/fts writing his c o l u m n for n NYv, York p n p e r , no did his work nt home, r a r r l v showing up a t :iu: o l f i c e . Ono morning, tru; efficiency minded pu!-iir.hf r d c r i d i - d t o put, a slop to this. "I've b r i i i r h i r i ' . t m ; y o u r a I t e n d a n c e record, Marquis," ho ?;n;ri "You \ n f . r t t i n r . ' t u a y w i t h m u r d e r . From now on you will br in tr.e o.'fico i r . u i i n i n e lo f i v e , l i k e every other employee." MfuqiiLs t h i - i w up hi.-, hmul.s in despair. "Plea.',?.: d o ' t m a k e rue do i.hai," he begged, "I've been a columnist too lorn: to to had: 10 work!" * Â» * Â· i f A K D To Ti:i,L: Trvln Cobb a i t ended the oporn with a group ol friends. One of t h Ijniies in the p a r t y was wearing a low- c u t , sfrapir.'-s tjown w h J f h l e t t an appreciable portion of her epi- derrms exposed. " P r e ' i y (inriw: Kown, i.sn't it,?" .someone remarked Lo the humoi is 1 . " C h - h u h , " M i r i Gobi). "I can't tell it sho te circled for the o;'Ta or an operation." IN OUR VALLEY By E, C, OSBORN pROM now ori^ we are going to feel very friendly to all folks who go' by the name of Smith, We feel this way because of a ' chap named Smith (we can't think of his first name) who works for the oil refinery at Port Isabel. .Wednesday night while returning from a meeting in McAllen we had a puncture. A search failed to reveal our Jack, ao here we were. We tried 'waving- down a car but had no luck until-This follow Smith came along, driving In the opposite direction. He wheeled around and offered help. He took Judge Oscar Dancy in his car and they (drove to San BenlLo nnd returned shortly with a jack. Smith did all the work of changing the tire despite our protests. When the Job was completed, we stated we couldn't think of words to express our thanks. He helped us out by saying, "You all can show your thanks to me by doing the same for someone else." There would be no wars if the world was, made up of fellows like the one named Smith that we met the other night. Â· Â» * ""THERE may be a prettier moon but we will take the Rio Grande Valley one that has been shining the past few nights. We may not be very high above sea level but it does seem we are awfully close to the rnoon. In fact closer than if we were on a mountain top. * * * DOB MARTIN, athletic director 0 in the local high school, calls up to tell us he is getting his summer recreation program under way. This program should have the backing of every Brownsville citizen and each should be interested enough to look in on the program quite often. You should do your part to help In the juvenile delinquency program -- not depend entirely upon tho other fellow to do your share of the work. + * /~\NE of these days the expres- ^ sion "Lower Rio Grande Valley of Mexico" will be just ns familiar as "Lower Rio Valley of Texas," At least we gathered that much while attending the water meeting at McAllen at which I,. M. Lawson, of the U.S. International Boundary and Water Commission, spoke. * + * '""THE brideship had plenty of *Â· cuddle seats aboard and thore was a great deal of mop." The above sentence makes perfectly good sense, according to the Encyclopaedia Britarmica 1947 Book of the Year, which carries an article on new" words added to the Enerllsh Inntruage, A roucrh translation of the sentence would read: "A ship carrying large numbers of servicemen's brides had aboard manv small seats for babies, which arc seats hung from a stran slung over the shoulder, and there was n great denl of a mild form of hubba hubba." * * * A LBERT FERNANDEZ is put- tine- on an extrn smile these davs--nil because of that new building t h n f c is going up next to his pharmacy. Spring cleaning time is when the whole family is called to Join the scrub team. 1 * * # Why is it that no one can put a hat on your head and make it feel as if you put it there yourself? * * * The fellow who writes ideas on his cuff usually has something more up his sleeve. Coal Barons Outsmart Lewis In Labor Bill Squeeze Play WASHINGTON--John L. Lewis, who has outsmarted a lot of people In his clay, outsmarted himself in no uncertain terms last week, In so doing he also left the entire labor movement outsmarted' regarding a Presidential veto of the Taft-Hartley labor bill. ' ,, . What really happened was that the coal operators .called Lewis's bluff on wage boosts and walked out--in a coolly ' ca.l- , culated move to put Truman on the spot so he would have to sign the labor bill, They knew that with a coal strike threatening the country, it would be difficult for Truman to veto. Usually it is John L, Lewis who walks out. But this time Lewis was caught flat-footed. A few hours before t h e ' breakdown, his lieutenants were spreading word that statement, at least with the northern operators, was "imminent." The operators themselves were cagily maintaining the illusion of a "quick settlement." In addition, Lewis had two friends among the coal operators with whom he confidently . felt he could do business--Charles O'Neill, top spokesman for (the northern operators, and- Harry Moses, negotiator for U. S. ' Steel's "captive" coal mines. Both men like to boast that they can "get along" wih Lewis, even in a tough wage fight, and Moses always makes it a practice to call on the United Mine Workers Chief, when in Washington, for a social chat. Reversing 1 Mr, Lewis Lewis wasn't unaware that the Taft-Hartley labor bill might affect his own negotiations, but as one close friend put it, "John didn't think that Charley O'Neil or Harry Moses gave a damn about using the mine negotiations as a bludgeon to force Truman to sign' the bill." However, the burly mine-labor chief got the surprise of his life when he walked into the meeting with the operators. For once, O'Neill nnd Moses didn't want to "do business" with Lewis. T h e ' t w o operator spokemon were about, as cooperative as cigar- store Indians all during trie brief and hostile conference. Lewis had opened with a demand for a 35-cents-an-hour wage increase. This is usual in wage dickering. Lewis always opens high, waits for a counterproposal, then compromises at a lower figure. This time, however, there .was no' compromising. O'Neill flatly refused to consider any wage boost above the 15 cents ho had offered. It was only then that it dawned on Lewis that the operators apparently were working with business leaders on the outside and intended to use the mine negotiations to put President Truman on the spot. O'Neill carried out his role to the last with fine theatrical flair, staging a red-faced, belligerent exit from the meeting. It made good headlines, and it put responsibility for a strike party on President Truman's lap. Note--John L. Lewis is now in an extremely difficult bargaining position. Recently he told friends: "Before, I had to negotiate with an injunction and a jail sentence facing us. Now I must negotiate with the sword of Damocles hanging over my head." . Merry-Go-Round Elliott Roosevelt has completed a new book based on hitherto confidential letters from his father. Americans for Democratic Action (Mrs, Roosevelt's and Leon Henderson's new liberal group) is hanging one million tags on doornobs reading: "greetings, your rent is going up." It's to combat the GOP drive in Congress to raise rents. Ex-Mayor Ed Kelly of Chicago has told friends he will oppose Senator Scott Lucas ot Illinois for re-election next year .The Chicago machine is irked at Lucas's anti-labor votes. ' Promotions have really zoomed in the Army.' Twenty West Pointers, class of 1940, gathered in Washington for a reunion. Under the Army's peacetime promotion system, none would have been higher- than a lieutenant colonel. Yet the lowest rank present was major. The others were lieutenant colonels and full colonels. At long last Senator Tnft's joint Congressional committee on the President's economic report will begin a full-dress investigation of how to block a new depression. Senator O'Mahoney, ranking- Democratic member of the committee, has been needling Tnft. He will demand " a renewed Justice Department' drive against monopoly. Retrying South Carolina. Lynchers Though public reaction has subsided regarding the .South Carolina lynching case, the Justice Department has not. The case may reach the Supreme Court yet. Attorney General Tom Clark, who comes from Texas, and Assistant Attorney General Lanmr Caudle, from North Carolina, both believe that Southerners must demonstrate that they can handle their own lynchig cases. 'Accordingly thc-y are working on an entirely new phase of the South Carolina lynching. The 26 self-confessed lynchers were tried for .murder and acquitted. But they were not tried for violation of civil rights. Furthermore they wero tried by the state of South Carolina. And while the federal government cannot retry them for murder, it can try them for violation of civil rights. The important point is that state law frequently differs from federal law. In many of the Southern states, for instance, operating a whisky still is only a misdemeanor. But under federal law, it is a felony. Furthermore, federal juries usually represent a more intelligent cross-section and there is a better chance for conviction. These are some of the factors Attorney General Clark and his Assistant Attorney General Caudle are working on in their plan to retry South Carolina's self-confessed lynchers. Mail Bag- H. J, 1 T. H., New York--there were two Axis Sallies, one broadcasting to U. S. troops in Italy, the other to troops in Germany. The Italian Axis Sally has been tried and punished by the American Army in Italy. The German Axis Sally will be tried for treason in the United States--provided v,he Justice Department can get two witnesses of her broadcasting activities. These two witnesses have to testify to the same act of treason; they cannot testify o different acts. However, several ex-GI's, who wore in German prison camps when Axis Sally, asked them to make Â· radio recordings, have volunteered as witnesses and it looks as if the government had a reasonable chance of conviction. v So far it has been impossible to convict Tokyo Rose, nnd will continue to be. There were four different Tokyo Roses, all broadcasting at various intervals to American troops in the Pacific. One of them now has a sister living in San Francisco. The difficulty in getting 1 a conviction, however, is duo to the fact t h a t we had' no witnesses who saw any of the four Tokyo Roses broadcast. No \Amerlcati,';. wore in Japanese broaden .sting stations wherp they could witness Jnp radio work. Furthermore Tokyo Rose did not visit prisoner-of-war camps in Japan, as did Axis Snlly in Germany, TEHUANTEPEC LAGOON ANGLERS' PARADISE--B : - CurtU Vinion Stilwell To Write On Fishing In Mexico To pick up where T left off yesterday in my recollections about the Isthmus of Tohuan- tepec, provoked by Hart Stilwell's plans to do another round of the fishing spots of Mexico, it was Texas-born Sidney J. Stewart who told me about the Mar Muerto along the Pacific coastal reaches of C h i a p a s state. Stewart, who was born in Clairette, Eruth County, is a railway and bridge man and was at Arriaga - on the Pan American Railway superintending some railway rehabilitation work when I rolled into that picturesque town. Arriaga is only a few miles from the Gulf of Tn- huantepec and this Mar Muerto, or Dead Sea, is one of the many salt lakes or lagoons hemmed oft" from the Gulf of Tehuantcpec Well, I was in Arriagn and that's what Stewart told me. I don't know whether Hart'll get down Arriaga -way but I can tell you I really had him in a swivet when I pot through recollecting about that, region. Yes, sir, he was really listening with b,oth ears. I hope he. does get that fur because he'll run into enough tales there to keep even J. Frank Dobie interested. Frank lives n t Austin too, you know. Helps 'em run the University, I hear. Writes a lot, of prime pieces for the papers and the magazines also. Frank comes from Bee County which is north a piece from here but still pretty good country. I haven't seen him in a coon's age but I used to know him when. he was a student at Southwestern by long barrier reefs. Six or se- University instead of a college ven miles southwest of Arriaga, it is some five miles wide and perhaps twenty-five to thirty miles long. The finger-like barrier that hems it in from the professor as he is now. About the same time Rufus Ransome went' to Southwestern. Hart was born up in Lavaca County, not very far from novel, The Uncovered Wagon, a story of fronr^r life in Southwest Texas. The time is in thÂ« first decade of the current century, about 1907-08, some four or five years after Hart's father brought, him to Brownsville in Â» stage coach of that, storied period. Â·Well, in case the publisher sees this, I'll be mighty interested in reading: The Uncovered WÂ«.Â« pon for the benefit of our book review department, A.s for that Pishing in Mexico volume, I just hope Hurt gets down to Arriaga. for A look at thnt. Dead Sen. It's not that I don't believe every word Sid Stewart told me about it. Great snakes and little fishes, no! Stewart's a very conservative sort of fellow. I'd just like to hear some more about the place--giant rays, sharks, flying fish, and four-eyes. What couldn't I do there with a pole and line and a can of freshly dug worms! Yesteryears In The Valley FIFTY YEARS AGO June 6, 1897 -- Reports about the condition of James Dishman state that his condition is still very critical and chances for hiÂ« recovery are against him. Dr, J. K. Combe is still with him. Â» * * The various schools of the Â«ity are now going through the annual grind of final examination* nnd nlso making extensive preparations for the closing exercises, which will take place thÂ« latter part of this month. * Â· * The telegraph line between her* and El SRU?, is down, * * Â· Tho hole in the street just, beyond the Horald office wns filled ^ t ^rrisr:, s K wiun,rTMmTMuTMo;^ s ^ i^'^ursT**Â«FSZ about, T n o i e me iscnooih 01 u u m . Qy lor fruits On " Flying fish skim swiftly over the - w ] ( h k l l h o surface. One most unusual form ' ' ' of fish l i f e there is called cimt-ro ojos, or four cy6s, by the mUivos These fish have two eyes on each side?, front and renr. arid swim sea, except 'for a narrow inlet, Prank's home county, at Yoa- is about 400 yards across. There kum. (no, it wasn't named after is a passable' dirt road from Lil Abner's family. The spelling Arriaga to the lagoon through even is different.) That was a dense jungle growth. The bar- ' ' ' Â·""Â·" - ~ J -'--- "--* rier itself is covered with thick Vegetation. Stewart described the lagoon as "the only really virgin fishing grounds I've ever seen and I've back in 1902 and since Hart is a third-generation Texan it puts his family in the real pioneer bracket. Stage Coach Journey Even in 1902 a good deal of ^,^ I J been up and down the Atlantic pi ^ n 7e rin 'g' was"Bo"ing W on in" these and Pacific coasts of Mexico l [K Har(As fatheV) H _ G SUJ . and the United fatatcs. This brought him to Browns- was in 1943 but there seems little reason to believe conditions have changed much since then. Fisherman's Paradise Fish of a thousand varieties literally make the waters of the i . ville in 1903, when Hart was only one year old. The journey was made in a stage coach. Part of it must v have been aboard a .streamliner of the old Alice coach line about the comings and goings Â»-' - . , * j i J f i . f i i f j w i i L / i r i i i . i W ' V * f t ) j J i 7 H t ' tit * Â· Â»-4 p Â» Â» v / * * * Â£ Â« Dead Sea alive though the sur- Qf w h j c n (ho] . e ls freqilGnt]y an face is calm as a rule. Giant rays lie motionless on the bottom, but you can see them 'through the clear water. Sharks cruise about, glutting themselves on tho smaller fish. Porpoises item in our fifty and forty years ago column. Mr, SUlwell, who was keenly interested in the science of horticulture, was here first in 1801- experimented at tho time r n l u r n planted near Brownsville the first commercial citrus orchard in Cameron County and - - - - - . n Along about 1008, when Hart about with their eyes above the n f c f i wns just R ( M l n g j n l o h t R water line. MEMORIES OF NORMAN LITTELL AFFAIR -- By Peter Edson Senate Committee Just Ignores Biddle Appointment growth, the family moved to San Benito and there the older Stilwell cleared the first tract Ruardiuns. * * * FORTY YEARS AGO Juno Â«. 1907 -- Tho first of tho son.son of 1907 in the en- t i r e UnHod States were shipped from Brownsville today, June fith, by the Rio Grande nurseries! This moans that Brownsville la just six wooks ahead of t h r f a m - ous California vineyards In ship- of land in the San Benito irri- j n a f n , i t , ]or w n ich people all *i-.i 4 t st%i -j io *i/Â·*f n ^ r^ ci fi vl oH fj n n Â« .. * . / . j 11 Â· _ _ - _ ^ _ _ WASHINGTON (NEA)-- The Senate Foreign Relations Committee may be taking President Harry Truman off of a barbed and rusty hook by refusing to ' do anything about; confirming former Attorney General, Francis Blddlo for the \$20,000 a year tax-free job as U. S. representative on the UN Social and Economic Council, to succeed John G. Winant. The President nominated Biddle for this job last January. Republicans in the Senate gave it silent treatment for a few months, Then the President was asked to withdraw the nomination. He refused, and another showdown fight such as the President had with Ed Pauloy became necessary. Under urging from Democratic Senators Alben B. Barkley of Kentucky and Tom Connally of Texas, Chairman Arthur Vanden- 'berg of Michigan agreed to have Biddle before the Foreign Relations Committee to explain his political views. Biddle is reported to have let on that he wasn't the 100 per cent New Dealer he was supposed to be--even though it was known that he and Harold Ickes were ringleaders with the CIO-PAC in supporting Henry Wallace for vice president at Chlc.ago in 1944, Biddle's defense was that he had opposed Roosevelt's court-packing plan and the ^NRA. Â« This apparently got an "uh-huh" from the Republican majority of the committee, which decided to pursue 'Us past policy of doing nothing about the Biddle appointment. This is perhaps the kindest thing tho committee could do. The fear that Biddle is too ardent R New Dealer to bo confirmed for a UN Job is just window-dressing--polite stuff to show the public in covering up an embarrassing situation. Skeleton Dljfglnjf In order What Harry Truman knows--what every senator who served under his chairmanship on the War Investigating Committee knows-- is that if the Senate Foreign Relations Committee had to go into an all-out investigation of the former attorney general, it would have to dig up a lot of skeletons. Twice before congressional -committees have been on the verge of Investigating Biddle's administration of the Department of Justice in wartime. Both cases wore outgrowths or the Norman Litteli a f f a i r of 1944. Llttell had been assistant attorney general in charge of the lands division under Biddlfi, Frank Murphy, and Bob Jackson. Litteli had given off tho record testimony to the Truman commit- tee on a number of cases handled by the Department of Justice --the Breakers .Hotel ease, Sterling Products, Empire Ordnance, Savannah Shipyards, Elk Hills, Oanol Pipeline, and surplus property disposal. All were notorious scandals of the early war years. The brunt of Littell's testimony reflected no great credit on Biddle. In fact, they attempted to make much of Biddle's close connections with Tommy Corcoran. Corcoran and associates represented Sterling Products, Empire Ordnance and Savannah Shipyards among others. , Some of this background has recently been dug into by Howard Ambruster nnd put between covers of a book, "Treason's Peace." It's more about the doings of the German I. G. Farben Thurman Arnold in the process, runs all through expose. The Gout Gets The Last Laugh For his testimony before the Truman Commit i oe, T^u-H was accused of disloyalty to the attorney general, who asked for his resignation. .When it was refused, Biddle. carried Die case to the White House. President Roosevelt settled it by firing Litteli in December, 1044. Democratic Sen, Harley Kilgore of West Virginia and other members of the War Investigating Committee favored opening up the whole cane and doing a job on i Biddle, to purgr the party. But Harry Truman had in the m e a n t i m e boon rU'cird vice-president and' Sen. James M, Mead of Now York had succeeded him as chairman of the War Invesliffnting Committee- Not wanting to wash his party's dirty linen in public, Mead dropped the issue. Litteli was, therefore, made the goat. Ho went into private law practice in Washington and is apparently doing nil right, at it. Also, he is entitled to the last laugh in the situation. When Roosevelt died, Truman--knowing all this background- lost no time in accepting Biddle's resignation which had boon submitted as a formality. But then the pressure bo^an to be applied to Truman to find Biddle another job. Ho was given temporary work as a Nurcnberg was crimes judge. Now hr noods another. Only out for the President now is to h.-ivo BiddJe n,sk that his name bo w i t h d r a w n , and go to work in private law practice, as his predecessor Homer dumminfis has done. Ration district and started another orchard from which he shipped grapes, peaches, plums and other fruits for a number of years. ICntcretl Fourth Estate Well. H a r t , just went on getting his growth and f i n a l l y ho got: it, like most folks do if they keep at, it. He must have also got pujnter's ink on his hands some- whore along the line for a f t e r g r a d u a t i n g from the University of Texas he came back to the Volley and got into newspaper writing. He did free lance writing, correspondence for various papers, wrote for magazines. It; was about 1924 that he did his first work for the Brownsville. Horn Id. From then until 104-i, or for twenty years, he had a connect ion 1 in one capacity or another w i t h The Herald. Ho was editor of Tho Herald in 194U- 44, Then, in 104(5. he moved to A u s t i n and settled down to w r i t i n g about fishing and h u n t - ing nnd other ihinps. Before ho got out of t h o Valley, however, Hart t u r n e d out his first book. Border C i t y , which WPS puolishod in HM5. It's not vory hard (o pin down the locale of ' t h i s volume, which was f a - vorable received. to Brownsville. Then, in 194(5, H u n t i n g and Fishing in Texas was published. In the meantime there was, and has been since, a flow of articles to Esquire, Field and Stream, Collier's, Cosmopolitan, Now Republic and other magazines. Frontier Novol Scheduled Scheduled to come out. next September, under the imprint of Doubleday nnd Company, is a over t h e land are willing to pay fabulous prices. Â· Â» Â· Gen. A. E. Garlington. inspector of tho army, t e s t i f i e d to the .sonuto committee on m i l i t a r y affairs that, ho hnd failed to pet any positive evidence of the prutrt of tho necro soldiers nnd of the investigation of other officers which caused him to hold to the belief thru tho negroes did the shootinp. but had ncroorl t o pro- t o r t each other by remaining silent. Â» * * TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO Juno 6, 1922 -- Plans for organizing a company to produce juices from tho culls of tho grapefruit, orange and lemon crop in the Rio Grande Valley were outlined before t h e directors of the Chamber of Commerce by W. A. Sargent of Houston. * * * The Willncy county ouster suit against County Judge- S. L. Gill and W. A, Harding, T, St. Ciftir Thompson and T. C. Richards, county commissioners, probably w i l l tfo to t h e jury tomorrow ove.n- inK or tho 7ioxt morning. So They Say IT-isgenerally agreed there must be greater democracy in decisions to strike, --Sen. Claude Pepper (D) of Florida. Â· Â» Â» THE notions of t h e majority of juvenile criminals wore--and nro--directly rein tori to the conduct, of their parent, 1 ?. --FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.