EDITORIALS OF GotJiam Sweepstakes IWta B*marrat-3ftmwr Page 4 Greenville, Miss., Friday, June 4, 1965 .'. .', r Wcire it left to me to decide whether we should have a government .'without newspapers or newspapers without government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. -- Thomas Jefteison Why The Switch? P.: The proposed plan for the addition of two new fire stations seem to make sense. As Councilman ^Bryan Wilson has explained it, revenue from the state's fire fund would just about retire the bond issue necessary to finance both stations. This would mean no need for additional taxes, which Â·"always makes pleasant reading. Â·' But we question some of the coun- .cilmeh's obvious desire lo avoid a bond election. Council has asked City Attorney ! B: B: Wilkes to check the city's 'Â·special charter and determine ^whether it is not possible for the : cily to issue bonds without an _ election. Apparently there is a section in the charter which would Â·'allpw council to float a bond issue on its own, unless 20 per cent of the qualified electors of the city objected in writing. It is immaterial to us, if in fact ^the procedure is legal, whether *..the council does or does not utilize it. But if council intends to follow -this course in financing the fire Â·stations, it should announce its in- Â·' tention to do so in all subsequent Â· bond issues. -.. Some of the same councilmen who are now obviously in favor of going without an election were the same men who in years past were adamant in their demands that the people be heard on other bond issues. Arc the councilmen now saying that the fire station is not a fit subject for the electorate to voice an opinion upon, while the library, parks, city hall addition and police station were? + * * THE sneaking suspicion inevitably arises that some of the councilmen may think the fire stations project is more important to the city than any of the other projects, on which elections have been held. If so, something is wrong with their sense of values. If the people were competent to pass on all the other bond issues, they are competent to pass on this one. And in fact arguments equally as good as those for the fire stations could be and were made for the other capital improvement issues. But council forced an election on each and every one. Now it wants to set new policy, apparently just for this one time. That won't do. Either the people should be asked to pass on all elections, or on none. It's a little late in the game for the one-time prorjonenls of giving the people the decision on bond issues to switch positions. They're Really Interested If anybody ever doubted that foreigners are deeply interested in ,the United States of America and its domestic as well as foreign policies arid problems, a brief talk with the students from 16 countries who were here yesterday on a Delta Council tour could have erased them. The students, traveling on a -yud - Delta tour in connection ^wilh t h e Vanderbilt graduate course in economic development, were full of questions. And it was evident that they hadn't just thought the questions up to have something to say. They were hard questions, asked honestly. AND IT is difficult to explain to ourselves, much less an Indian or a Formosan, just exactly how a Selma, a McComb or a Chicago incident fits into the American sys- tern of freedom, justice and due process of law. Or how do you explain real poverty In the midst of booming prosperity. These and other very real and very difficult questions are in the minds of millions, if not billions, of people around the world. If we are to win them to our way of life, we are going to have to demonstrate to them that it is really worth being won over to. And we can not simply brush their questions aside with a what- differencc - docs - it - make attitude. It matters precisely because the opposition is more than willing to accept the entire world into its camp. Certainly we should not simply bow to world opinion. On the other hand, world opinion should be viewed as a significant factor which is due consideration when national policy or, in cases such as Selma, even local policy is determined. To refuse to fjive world opinion its due is to refuse to row ashore preceding a storm because the boat's deck is still dry. Gov. Johnson's Two Sides Gov. Paul Johnson is a strange mixture. He can manage to be at once one of the most perceptive political leaders the state has had in many years and one of the most riclicu- ous. Take his Impromptu press conference yesterday. His approach to the need for changing the state's voting laws was sound. The state should not try to "circumvent" the expected federal voting legislation. Instead it should change some of its own laws and make others more reasonable, the governor said. EXACTLY. This is the kind of reasoning which the stale needs Â£rom its governor. No breast-beating, defiance or militant poses, but calm acceptance of the job which obviously-must be done. - Unfortunately, the conference didn't stop at that point. The governor went back to what we had hoped was only a campaign position when, in speaking of the two- party system, lie said it "plays right into the hands of a minority of any type, whether it be black, white, labor or industrial." Shades of Stalin or Hitler, Franco or Nkiumiih. The way we always understood H, Iho inter-play of political parlies provides the majority a chance to make a choice while giving the minority a home base from which to operate. One- party systems have always been synonymous with the kind of authoritarianism Americans abhor-or should. Among our ninny problems in Mississippi, the absence of a viable two - party system looms large. Luckily, Paul Johnson can't seriously impede the growth of the Republican party, while he can play a significant role in shaping the slate's response to the changes which are coming upon it. And since a rational approach to the laller is far more important than a silly approach to the former, we'll just count our blessings and try lo ignore the nonsense. Bill Of Goods Or Bad Enforcement Commercial buildings are now ostensibly under Greenville's housing code, which means they are supposed lo meel certain mini- rhurh slandards. Looking al some .'8tour business slruclures in reenvlllo, we feel certain consid- ifeble latitude is being granted by ,, ,---. or the code is not 'slroiif! enough insofar as the com- Â· Â» . , ,....,.,,-are conc , rne[ ]. C!Â»MbulÂ»d by King Ftaturti SyndlcaU Â«tt* Jeff Davis* Birthday Comes While Several Up In Orbit Written on Thursday (i n hopes of meeting a dead-line), June 3rd, 1965, while Old Stuff is halfway listening to the Gemini venture in space, and noting also that it's another birthday for Ihe late Honorable Jefferson Davis, and his very nice niece some several generations removed, Mrs. Torrey Wood Jr. of Hollandalc, who was born Ethel Davis Ganier. Meanwhile Dove, Helen Spiars, Virginia Polk and Delia Strange have taken off f o r Memphis and the presentation of "Hello Dolly" in Ellis Auditorium. So Ihe Messrs. White McDivilt, those astronauts cx- Iraordinary, aren'l the only ones in the clouds, since Dove slays Up there, whenever and wher- ver "Iheatre" is involved. * * Â» BACK IN October of '57, we took a flyer in out - of - (own theatricals ourself, tripping lo Memphis with Louise Crump and Lucia Thompson to see "My Fair Lady". A few flashbacks of this venture include a rest- stop in Clarksdale and a glimpse of Anne Walls Flemming, a visit lo the office of Memphis kinfolks, where we chatted with Mrs. Evelyn W. Humphreys and (eased her a bit about her boyfriend, who has a pair of lovely sisters living in Greenville; an exchange of hand-waves with Bctly and Barthel Joseph, who were driving down Front Street on Ihe way home from Judy and Clarke Reed's wedding in Nashville the night before; nnd a very pleasant contact, out front of Ihe auditorium, with the Rev. J e f f Cunninglmni, who was pas- lor of St. J o h n ' s Methodist Church of Memphis at thnt time. Brother Jeff (he's pastor of Gnlloway Memorial in Jackson now) w a n t e d all the Greenville news, and we did Â«ir best lo brief him. About an hour prior to curtain time, as we strolled up Madison Ave., we met Sheila Spiars and her mother, and Beulah Weilen- man, all of them on a shopping tour, with Sheila's and Joe Weil- enman's approaching wedding in mind. After (he show, Dove, Lucia and Old Stuff were supper-guest of the West k i n , Big Sid, Sidney Jr., Irene and Mary Brodie, at the "Thirty Club", where we met Cat Alley, who sketclied Winky Ryait (belly - button much in evidence as usual) and autographed same, then presented us with this charming effort. which is still cherished somewhere among our souvenirs. So we recall a trip to Memphis eight years ago to see a play, and It's the by - plays Almanac By United Press International Today is Friday, June 4, the 155th day of 1965 with 210 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. The morning star is Salurn. The evening star is Mars. Robert Merrill, American baritone nf the Metropolitan Opera, was born on this day in 1919. On this day in history: In 1800, [he finishing touches were put on tire White House. In 1SOB, Henry Ford wheeled his first car from a brick shed in Detroit and drove il around Ihe darkened city strecls on a trial run. In lOW, Ihe Battle of Midway began and (he Japanese fleet suffered ils first decisive defeat of World War II by Ihe United Slates. In 19-K U.S. and Brilish soldiers occupied Rome, the first Axis capilal lo fall lo Ihe Allies. ~ KSEEES Vietnamese War Is Lonely For LBJ;, He Gets A Daily 3 A. M. Report; WASHINGTON - War, no matter whal Ihc circumstances, is tragic business. However, the war in Viet Nam has also become a lonely war and to some extent a personal war for one man. U.S.-U. S. S. R. aid, might induce the o'.her side to sit down at the conference table. It didn't for Ihree reasons: 1. N o r l h Vietnamese have been winning. Our bombing raids have not stopped the supply of troops and supplies from !y told his aides. And he means it. At first he griped lhat Ihe Air Force wasn't able to hit a bridge carrying supplies down from Norlh Viet N a m . Smarting Air Force commanders replied lhat if they were planning the r a i d This is not because tlie Presi- themselves they could knock the going south or the guerrilla dent began it. H began 18 years bridges So they sent as many raids by the Viet Cong. ed up ten years ago by Hise, ^ "Â£Â£ ." bHd^it^ J^TM ledt *Â£ mediarics ,were put on the spot by our bombing of the North. The Chinese have eluded them with being too friendly to fha ago under the French, was picked up ten years ago by Eisenhower, and increased four years ago by Kennedy. It's become personal today holocaust of bombs. + * * SUBSEQUENT photos show- bccause the President feels it so cd that Ihc bridge was knocked keenly and directs it so careful- out all right, nnd the Army rib- U n j l M | stales in the past, and ly. Every morning at three he bod the Air Force on using so h forsalsing lhcir alleged for- Ihc White many planes. But Ihe President who studies every aerial pholo- praph, considered it important that no civilians were killed. In addition to his care to avoid civilian casualties he is concern- wakes up and calls House Security room. Three in the morning is about the time the news is in from Viet Nam on the casualties and the nils af- Icr each bombing raid. The President worries over these, broods over them, wants to know, no matter what the hour of the nighl, just what has happened. If a Cabinet member or sub-Cabinet member calls him at two or four in Ihe morning, he doesn't complain. He has given instructions that mer role as the champion of small nations. So it's difficult for them to side with the United States now. 3. The Chinese arc delighted ed over any bombing mission which might stray over Ihe line into China, or give the communist Chinese the slightest provocation to enlarge the war. This is why Ihe war In and over Viet Nam has been a lonely at the predicament of both Moscow and Washington. They don't want the Vietnamese war to end. The longer it lasts, tha more the United States and Russia become at swords' po'uils, and the more the smaller nations of Southeast Asia pull away war, a persons! war directed by from the United States into tha they should call no matter what a man who goes to bed well aft- Red Chinese camp. the hour. er midnight, but wakes up automatically at 3 a. m. lo check ONE REASON for this perso- on the military targets he has nsl direction is that the President is worried over the possibility of enlarging the war. He knows how easy it is for bomber pilots lo make a mistake, or IN BRIEF, the military advisers who sold the President on the strategy of bombing N o r t h Viet Nam failed to understand which really stick in our memory. And back to the present, and the foursome which pulled out this morning to see "Hello Dolly", the by - play still stands out, like Wednesday afternoon on the way out of Ihe supermarket, when we heard our name called, and there were Sheila, Chris and Joe Weilen- man Jr. on the way home from a fishing expedition, with a buckel full of fingerlings (is that the right term?), vintage catfish, sun perch, bream and whathaveyou, all so small that Joe Sr. may already be planning a backyard pool wherein his sons' catches might get their growth. * * Â» SPEAK1NO, of theatre, "Thousand Clowns" really cleaned up with the "Malsy" awards, in direction, presentation and back stage too. So orchids plus to Scottie, Hod, Ralph. Burrell, Col. James, ami Bobby, and con gratulations for the honors that came their way. Orchids too lo the Twin City Guild, f o r t h e fine party l a s t Tuesday evening at the Down- towner, Ihe excellent one-act play (with Helen Spiars. Marie Suares, Potti Fallen and Katie Rose), the refreshments and the socializing. There's nothing like having a flair for public relations, which spells out ticket sales nnd better theatre, from one year to the next. P. S. And speaking of souvenirs, we thank Mrs. A. M. Arpin for the lo:m of one of lier own, a poem alkjut (lie Bigleben Train on the Y M V, which first appeared in Ihe Rolling Fork "Deer Creek Pilot" in the year 1915. Incidentally Mrs. Arpin was born a Bigleben, and very close kin lo the famous locamolive engineer, Adam R. Bigleben, for whom the train was named. BC personally pin-pointed. Under the Constitution, h e tells friends, he is charged with oriental politics. Though he in- the conduct of war. But regard- heriled the Vietnamese prob- less of the Constitution, he lern, they sold him on enlarg- how dangerous it can be to jet- knows that if there are failures, ing it into a mess that could ei- lison Iheir bombs on their way or if the war spreads, he will gel ther lead to world war or is al- the blame. So he is taking the responsibility. home. On the usual wartime bombing raid, a mission will fly over a larget, allempt to knock it out; but if the clouds are low or an enemy plane gives trouble, the bombers may drop their pay load indiscriminately on the way back, regardless of milita- er ry targets. Not, however, with Ihe war in Viet Nam. Johnson has given strict orders lhat only Ihe targets he picks out are to be hit -- nnd these are bridges, ammunition dumps, railroad centers, and military installations. "We're knocking otit concrete, we're not hitting women and children," he has frequent- without serious WHEN THE President outlined his Baltimore peace proposals they were also personal, es- most insoluble loss of face. The CIA is using a mysterious airline that calls ilselt Air America, to drop weapons and supplies to our guerrilla fighters in pecially his plan for a giant scr- Communist-held areas of_ J-aos ies of dams on the Mekong riv- to benefit all the Indo-Chinese countries, including North Viet Nam. Dams and reclamation pro- and Viet Nam. The CIA is trying to giva the reds a taste of their own guerrilla medicine . . Senate investigators have discovered that the Central Jntelli- jects are something very close gence Agency not only watches to his heart, he having been the suspicious mail, but actually father of the little Colorado pro- opens the letters as part of its ject in Texas when a young con- secret intelligence work. How- gressman. ever, senators will protect t h a Johnson had hoped that this, CIA, will not reveal this in their coupled with his olfer of uncon- probe of Government eavcsdrop- ditional peace talks, plus joint ping Differences With ADA Indicate That Hubert No Longer Runs Show (Zoteland CtiabA fa4 fabert t WASHINGTON -- When the cy of Mann provided another in that Humphrey, recognizing tha liberal Americans ior Demo- a growing list of grievances by political necessities, has vowed Action (ADA) recently liberals against their old champion. Painful though the B l o w disintegration of this 20-year-old love affair may be, however, it could put Humphrey in the White House some day. cralic demanded that the highly capable Thomas Mann be fired as Under Secretary of State because lie recommended intervention in the Dominican Republic, one of ADA'S founders protested privately but heatedly. The protester; Hubert 11. Humphrey. Vice - President Humphrey (who resigned as a national vice-chairman of ADA when selected as President Johnson's running male) chided his o I d friends for trying to make Mann their scapegoat. He made clear he never will disagree with Johnson, administration policy. Herein lies a paradox. President Jchnson is using Humphrey to shore up his left flank -- to preach LBJ doctrine on c i v i l rights and foreign policy among the super-liberals. But the major product of this is rot so much a soolhing of the liberals as a blurring of Humphrey's own m i l i l a n t l y liberal imago, a requirement if he ever is to be he was 100 per cent behind both nominated for President. Mann and the Dominican inter- Q u j l e apart f r o m politics, the Vice-President is performing a useful function -- even though less than a completely successful one -- in trying to moderate Ihe super-liberal positions on venlion. The result: the ADA still har- b o r s an emotional prejudice ngainst blunt, hard - boiled Tom Mann. But Humphrey's advoca- *WaAkfa$t9* Cwtn That Nasty Old Filibuster May Aid Liberals^ William Â£. WMte civil rights and foreign policy, + + * HE TELLS civil rights leaders that all possible legislation BUT BEYOND the necessities lies conviction. Humphrey never was as leflish as Republican propaganda painted him -- particularly not in foreign policy. Adhering to the ADA's original stance of militant anti-Communism, Humphrey is convinced that the U. S. must continue in Viet Nnrn -- for years if need be -- unlil the Communist V i e t Cong are crushed. Contending t h a t foreign Communist aid keeps the Viet Cong alive, he hotly rejects the widely - held liberal notion that this is an indigenous civil war. Indeed, he rejected It in most undiplomatic terms during ft nose- to-nose secret discussion with Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Fedorenko at the United Nations recently. Some Humphrey intimates, who sense Sen. Robert F. Kennow is on Ihe books and this is nKi y moving up for a confron- the time for them to consolidate l fl tiÂ«i at some future Democral- t h e i r gains. While civil rights ic National Convention, fear Ihe WASHINGTON - The gravest domestic issue before Congress, an issue so profound as to dwarf even civil rights, is approaching a showdown in a dense cloud of houses of the states have, like the United States Senalc, been apportioned on factors other than mere head-counts. The historic purpose has been to give hypocrisy from the knee - jerk some protection to minority gco- libcrals lhat is quite remarkable graphic interests. Precisely this lo the stales, for Iheir adoption for iis double-talk and d o u b l e - is slill done in the Uniled Slates or rejection, a simple constilu- Senale. where lln smallest slate has Ihc same voling power as [he Liracst. Against this extraordinary ukase by the court -- a ukase which evoked powerful dissent from its fairest members -- Sen. F.verett Dirksen of Illinois has proposed that Congress submit Some of them, and particularly some of Ihc empty ones, wouldn't make good slum dwellings. Olhers need lolal rcnovalion just lo insure Iheir continued stability. We wonder whether the people were sold a meaningless bill of goods when City Council expanded the code to include such buildings. If not, some signs of progress ought lo be forthcoming in more than one location in (own. HOODING CARTER Editor and Publisher IIODDING CARTKR. Ill JOHN T. GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager slandard. Tin* professional liberals, led by Sen. Joseph Clark of Pennsylvania, intend lo resort to Ihe very weapon they have so cm!- Ic.^ly denounced, Ihc filibuster, liy this means they are determined Iti prevent an obvious majority o[ Ihe Senate even from attempting lo save something of a reasonable power balance between t h e urban and r n r a l and small-town interests of Ihe coun- Iry. The bnckfircuiHl is this: The Supreme Cmrl IKK held Ihnl Ihe se;ils in nut merely une bnt Imih branches of ttie state legislatures must be nlliic.itcd horender on the basis solely of population figures -- nnd must he even if Ihe people of a .stale voswl otherwise. Historically, most of the dis- Iricls in Ihe upper legislative IN A WORD, what is at slake is much of Ihc whn!e concept of government of checks and balances, which is the single most distinguished aspect ol the American system. Strike down this wise weighted balance -- which assumes that momentary majorities a r e n o t necessarily nlwoys right, as thmigh Iheir ideas sprang from ihi' fnreliftul of Clod -- and w h a l is l e f i V A Gallup.poll democracy which can completely overrun all Ihe wishes and needs of less populated areas. This is i n s t a n t governmcnl, as in insirml coffee. It also involves a rejection by Ihc S u p r e m e Cnnrl of nearly lÂ«o ccniurics of law and custom. tional amendment. It would s a y t h a t the people themselves could decide, notwithstanding Ihe new law made by an unelccled Supreme Court, In mninlain in Iheir upper houses a weighted allocation of seals -- and of power. Dirksen happens to be Ihe Republican leader of the Senale. But here he acts in a far larger role; and he has many companions, in bolh parties. He acls in defense of an ancient and part i a l restrain! on overwhelming majorities -- a restraint t h a t requires ihem to prove a case liefnie making il law. BUT CLARK and his associntes -- all urban - Imcd and all con- slanl shoulers for "democratic procedures" -- are maneuvering lo use lhat nasly lliing, I h e filibuster, to Mop the Oirksen bill from being voted on al all by Ihc Senate. For if voted on, they fear, they would loie. Clark in particular has made a career of atlncking not only the filibuster -- that ia, when it is used by Southerners, conservatives or other automatically bad types -- but also what he calls "the Senate Establishment." In plainer language, the "Establishment" is made up of those Senators ol special capacity, of special talent and thus, inevitably, ol special influence. Tirelessly, he has protested a dreadful slate of affairs in which a minority can lie up (he Senate and so, as Ihe saying goes -and goes and goes -- "deny the majority will." Now, however, (he shoe is on the other foot. And with lhat shoe Clark and company a r e kicking at "Ihe majorily w i l l " radicals preach hopelessness and despair lo Negro youths, fickle liberals turning against Humphrey. Kennedy, in fact, did Humphrey tells them that t h e Improve his standing with liber- American system Indeed c n n nls Dv opposing the poll tax nnd Iho work. On foreign policy, he tells foes nf U. S. involvement in V i e t Nam that turning Southeast Asia over to Communist oppression certainly is not liberalism. He emphasizes that the U. S. is fighting for freedom there. These moderate positions have not set liberals' blood to coursing. Downright dislurbing to thorn has been the Vice-President's support of tho President in opposing the anti-poll l a x amendment to the voting hill and in ordering troops into the Dominican Republic. Nor have liberals been pleased by Hum- Dominican intervention. Nevertheless, visceral liberal apprehension of him as the ex- rackets investigator endures. Besides, liberals don't select tho party's nominees. If Humphrey is really losing his ADA brand, that's a big political plus. Indeed, if ho had dona so 10 years ago (as some friends urged), he might even be President today. Quirks without (he IcaM embarrass- p| lrey ' s aptn cou rfng of the mtnl. They want the big - city m , ss c o m m u n i t y, penple who elect Ihem to have not juM lhat Ihrce-fotirlhs of all tire real national power (hey already have, hul every lasl useful ounce of il. The filibuster is n pe DROPOUT BILL CONCORD, N.H. (UPD-Tlie New Hampshire Legislature ia studying a bill aimed nt de- Hul undercover grumbling by creasing the number o! high liberals Ihnt Humphrey has sold Ihem out reflects o basic lack ol polilical reaism. "Some of our boys got the fcclly l e g i t i m a t e weapon. Il is, screwball idea llt.it Humphrey however, arresting lo see it appealed lo by men who Invc sponl so many years so bitterly con- exile." onc o( ADA's more real- dcmning its use by others. istic leaders lold us. The Irulh is as Vice - Prcsidenl was going lo run an ADA governmenl - in- schoo! dropouta by taking away the right to drive from persons under 13 who are rot in school. Rep. Richard Riley, D-Hook- seli, said he sponsored the bill after a poll of school authorities indicated m a n y dropouts quit school to earn money lo keep lhcir cars running.
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