The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on June 4, 1965 · Page 1
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 1

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Friday, June 4, 1965
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NO RAIN IN AREA Beflfo RED STREAK! FINAL 76th Year United Press Internationa! [UP\} Greenville, Mississippi Friday, June 4, 1965 Price 5c No. 236 Russian Bombers Near Hanoi WASHINGTON (UPI) - The State Department said today that the Soviet twin- jet bombers detected in North Viet Nam possibly could have been delivered by Red China or some other Communist country. Department spokesman Robert J. McCloskey said he did not want to leave the implication that the recently sighted planes did not come from the Russians. But he observed Ihere was no firm evidence that the Soviet Union supplied the planes. "fn terms of who delivered them, we arc uncertain of their origin," he said. * * * McCLOSKY said (hat "six to eight" Ilyushin-28 bombers were spotted "quite recently" on a North Vietnamese airfield. He said it was impossible at this time to assess the significance of the appearance of the offenive-type bomber in North. Viet Nam. Russia was understood to have promised only defensive equipment. \a response to a question as to what other countries might have supplied the planes, McCloskey commented "Communist China has some, as do Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Romania, Poland, Bulgaria and North Korea." Other officials said that if the planes did not come from Russia, the most likely source would be Communist China. There was no firm assessment from U.S. officials as to the significance of the new development. But tlie fact that Russia apparently had supplied at least a few offensive weapons to a country which hitherto had received only defensive materials was causing some concern. JT WAS expected that Washington might take the occasion to deliver a stem warning to Moscow of the perils attendant on giving the Hanoi regim? any ^weapons which -could intensify the biller Viet Nam . conflict. Weather Space Duo Break Marks In Second Day Of Orbit Backing For Olympics John Cope (left), Don Shilling, and Mayor J. W. Fore, {riphl) spearheaded a Hollandale Chamber of Commerce drive to raise $500 and expenses to send Rulh DonM (above) to the Deaf Olympics in Washington June IS. Ruth was the first person in the stale to qualify to participate in the competition. An outstanding shot thrower, she was the guest of the Hollandale Rotary Club this week. (Staff Photo) More Choppers Join Farm Labor Strike By JOHN CHILDS AND NOEL WORKMAN A group of cotton choppers today joined the farm labor strike, walking away from a field on the Dean and Co. plantation near Tribbelt, according to John Dean. They h a d come t o t h e planta- ' ' waiting for the choppers this morning on the longer route to Dean's office. Greenville attorney W. C. Kcady. who is also representing Andrew's Brothers, was jeportcd to have made speeches to workers at Dean and Co. as Chamber Plans Highway Forum On June 15 NORTH MISSISSIPPI -- Partly cloudy with little change in temperatures today and Saturday. Shower) and thundershowers affecting 2MO per cent of the area Saturday. High this afternoon 88- M, low tonight 68-78. Outlook for Sunday, partly cloudy and warm with a Jew showers and ihunder- ihpwers. U. S. Weather Observer Brodie Crump said today high temperature for the 24-hour period preceding 7 a.m. today 91 degrees, low temperature 68 degrees. Temperature 73 at 7 a.m. · tion in a truck around 6:30 a.m. Two civil rights workers were sitting in the road at the Bogue Phalia Bridge near the Andrews farm as the truck approached. The two moved when Chief Deputy Sheriff Earl Fisher's car came into view. The truck, with 40 to 50 choppers, proceeded to the Dean and Co. offices at Tribbelt with strikers find civil rights workers shouting to them from the road. * * * A DEAN ' and Co. representative took the workers to the field where they were again met by the civil rights workers. After a brief series of shouts between the two groups, the farm workers abandoned the truck and swarmed the civil rights workers' cnr shouting "strike." Some 18 choppers sat on the civil rights workers car as it pulled away and the remainder followed, walking. Civil rights w o r k e r s apparently h a d a truck available (o take the choppers home. Fisher said the choppers had two opportunities to abandon the truck before reaching the field. They could have left the truck at the bridge or at Dean's office, Fisher said. THE CIVIL rights workers end strikers were apparently // President's Salary Matched Sheriff's, $100 Million Results Did you ever s t o p to think what the President of the United States would make if his salary were proportionately as big as that of a Mississippi sheriff? Some of them report an income of about £40,000 a year in counties with populations of ·bout 80,000. That amounts to 50 cents per person in their jurisdiction annually. * * * IF THE president made proportionately as much for each of his 200 milion constituents as a .Mississippi sheriff does for his 40,000 he would gross about $100 million annually. If the secretary-general of the United Nations made an amount proportionately as big, he would receive $1.5 billion annually. Now even the most vigorous of the opposition hasn't accused eithe- the President or the UN secretary - of m a k i ng that much. Incidentally, I would like to extend sincere appreciation to what seem to be two of my most avid readers, Malcolm Graham and Ayres Haxton. Their letter to the editor Sunday indicated that they not only read this column thoroughly, but regularly. And they remember the content longer than even I do. » » * I AGREE with them completely that the front page should be reserved for topics of the greatest importance. But taking a long look backwards, and a little look forward, it occurs to me that frozen foods and communication with porpoises may be more important in the long run than who's running for mayor of New York. Pre-packaged foods will be remembered long after what's - his · name - who was -mayor - of - New York City - before - Wagner is forgotten. * * * C O L O N E L Cityside heard that the four of the Fairview to C a u s e y area, including Kirk Circle and Wortham resulted in a mark of "satisfactory" on the City Beaulifkation Committee report. However, there were two lawns uncut and grass clippings were strewn along the curb and street in several areas. The committee will lour the Washington Avenue - Main St. area this weekend from the C G to Goldstein, the colonel heard. They've asked homeowners across the city to keep lawn clippings in boxes or wheelbarrows. It's simpler for the trash Iruck to pick them up that way, the colonel was told. The colonel is also pretty happy to see bright yellow lines on area highways. The highway department has done a good job marking the lanes and deserves the appreciation of all area drivers, including that of Colonel Cityside. early as 6 a.m. today. Comment on the conlent of Kcady's addresses was not available. John Dean said the evacuation of the choppers had not affected his farm's operation "as far as I know." Keady refused to comment on reports that wage increases had been granted to field workers and tractor drivers at the Dean place. * T * LAST NIGHT 150 farm workers and supporters were urged to mount a "slow-down" campaign. Tlie Rev. Lnurice Walker, an area civil rights backstage organizer, grabbed the spotlight as lie challenged Negroes from the surrounding area to "stop running in these fields and start crawling." Walker, an ordained Southern B a p t i s t m i n i s t e r working with tlie Delta Ministry in Greenville, told the open air mass meeting of 150 people near the labor - troubled Andrews farm south of Leland that "your enemy is the man in the big white house." The recommendation of a work slowdown followed a lukewarm response to a call for additional farm laborers to strike with the 12 former Andrews tractor drivers introduced to the group. Only two volunteered to join the strike. About 25 promised a work slowdown. * * + WALKER WAS preceded by Mrs. Fannie I.ou Hamer of Rulcville, Mississippi, Freedom Democratic Party leader. "We've get. to stop the nervous nellies iind the toms from going to the planters," she said. "I don't believe in killing but a good whipping behind the bushes wouldn't hurt them." She also scored "chicken eating preachers" and said "these See -- Farm -- Page 2 OAS Teams Seek Solution SANTO DOMINGO (UPI)-A new inter-American negotiating team sought a solution to the Dominican crisis today. The U.S. Marines remaining here prepared to pack up and go home. The negotiators -- Ellsworth Bunker of the United States, Ilmar Penna Marinho of Brazil and Ramon de Clairmont Duenas of El Salvador--were expected to confer at once with leaders of the rival Dominican factions. Soon after its arrival here Thursday, the leam conferred with Jose A. Mora, secretary general of the Organization of .American States, who has spent about two weeks trying tc settle the situation here. A "How To S o l v e Our Highway Problems" area - svide public forum will be sponsored June 15 by [he highway committee of the Greenville Chamber of Commerce. Committee Chairman Joseph E. Wrolen yesterday announced t h a t J. Alton Phillips, a stale representative from Macon; Taylor Webb, chairman of the Mississippi Economic Council transportation committee; anrj M. G. Acker, past president of the Mississippi Oil Jobbers Association, will each have specified periods to present their views in the subject. In a statement to the participants, Wroten said the program had been arranged because there seems to have been a polarization of thought, on this subject, especially in the area of what, if any, priority should be assigned to obtaining further revenues for highway purposes. SCHEDULED for 2 p.m. nt the Downtowner on June 15, the prepared presentations will be followed by a question and answer period. Invitations are being mailed by the chamber to the governor and other members of the state executive branch, members of the Mississippi Senate and House of representatives, Washington County and municipal officials, members of the State Highway Commission and the highway committee of Delta Council. Also invited are area chamber of commerce managers and selected members and area news media representatives. Interested area public officials are also invited lo contact the Greenville chamber for additional information. ji , V-'J Marines Maul Viet Cong ; In Heavy Engagements ·; SAIGON (UP1)--Two U. S. Marines wore killed and 19 wound- ; ; ed today in the Da N'ang area in llieir heaviest day of action since /: they arrived in Mnrch. But they inflicted a heavy toll on the Viet .; Cong in a scries of stiff engagements. : A U. S. Marine Corps spokesman said [he Marines killed 10 i.; guerrillas, and wounded 11 in the fighting which swirled near Da !'·: Nang and nearby Phu Bai, 3S5 miles northeast of Saigon. They . captured one guerrilla and detailed -!3 suspected Communists. *,'; * * * £ THE spokesman said the actions involved five companies of Mail rincs added up to "the most active day for the U. S. Marines = :- since they landed in Viet Nam." f4 ; : In one of tlie actions the Marines beat off an attempt by 50 ;*; '?··'. Viet Cong to encircle a bridge (hey were guarding six miles from t( 1} Da Nang. Three Viet Cong were killed and two Marines wounded !.'] -.-. in this brief but furious fight. :.\ \-\ An Army spokesman disclosed that American paratroopers f, ;·'; ambushed two groups of Viet Cong near Saigon Thursday, killing :| ; j five guerrillas in the action near Dicn Hoa Airbase where Aus- ;.{ A (ralian troops took up defense positions today. ;"_ ? - Nullifying these two minor victories were reports the Viet ^\ ; f ; Cong staged a series of liit-nm raids in several areas today. In U ·f. one of several actions they ambushed a government convoy and Sj ;*.- killed six men. Tn another they carried out a terror raid on a H ;:"~ police station, killing a 12-year-old boy. ^'| iX : *S»*" K : : ·'";" i" ; -i-·-.-·'·}: -if. ··:.;:, '; : :-3;?s;; i.; -;;.? '.'·' * ^fKfSfXSK 9?SK!K' irjl Program Is Planned For Farm Workers CLARKSDALE -- A government official last night told a biracial group that an adult farm worker education program will be set up here with federal funds provided by the anti-poverty bill. The program will he "geared to the local labor market and economy" and will include education for an estimated 500 unemployed farm workers. It will be conducted primarily in off- seasons, the official said. SPACE CENTER, Houston (UPI)--Braving garbage and saving gas, Gemini whiz kids James McDivitt and Edward White today raced into their second day in orbit in a bid to rewrite the U.S. space record books. Pasl midday, Gemini-t had One observer estimated that SI million in federal funds will 6e set aside for the project. About $14 million of the $15 million allocated for the program under Tide III B of the anti poverty bill has already been promised to areas in otlier states, according to Thomas Karter, chief of the Migrant Branch, Office of Economic. Opportunity. * * * KARTER said the Clarksdale program will be directed by the Southern Recreational Educational Association, a group including state NAACP President Aaron Henry. The exact nature and operation of the program will be determined locally, Karter told the group of white and Negro fanners and community leaders last night at the Haven Methodist Church in Clarksdale. The program is unique in that it will provide stipends of $30 per week for students enrolled on a full-time basis. One observer pointed out that this is more than cotton choppers normally make when working fulllime. Karler said Congress has realized that welfare is not enough. Without education, those on relief will be unable to properly educate and care for their children and the cycle of generation after generation of Congress Considers Silver-Cut Proposal WASHINGTON (UPI) -- Congress today took up President Johnson's request to eliminate all silver from dimes and quarters and sharply reduce its use in half dollars. ' Treasury secretary Henry II. Flower testified before (he House Banking and Currency Committee at the opening of hearings on the administration's proposal, which Johnson announced Thursday. CHAIRMAN A. Willis Robertson,D-Va., said the Senate Banking and Currency Committee would consider broadening :he proposal to remove silver entirely from 50-cent coins. Other congressional news: Right-lo-Work: The rival American farm Bureau and National Farm Union clashed before a House labor subcommittee over the proposal to repeal the Tafl- Hartley law provision that permits states to ban the union shop. The Farm Bureau said Congress should not "extinguish the power of the people of a stale" to decide the mailer for themselves. The Farmers Union said the laws weaken unions where Ihcy exist and prevent them where they do not exist. Reorganization: A Senate- House committee heard suggestions from lawmakers for making Congress work more efficiently. The proposals included one for an "office of administrative management" to handle housekeeping and management chores. They were advanced at a hearing by House - Senate committee on congressional reorganization. Foreign Aid: The Senate brought up the administration's foreign aid bill today for floor debate. A major question w a s the Senate bill's provision calling for an end in 1967 of the present a i d program w h i c h lumps technical and military assistance together. The House bill authorizes $3.57 billion for o n e year. Then Senate hill aulhorizes $.1.35 billion for each of the ncxl two years. The House bill docs not contain the IWi? culoff provision. poverty will go unbroken. "If a man stays on welfare, you'll be supporting him the rest of your life," the government official said. He repeatedly pointed out that the program will be for "unemployed farm workers only". "If a man is operating a traclor on a full-time basis, that's fine. This program is planned to help those who have no regular job," he said. * * * "WITH education, the unemployed can became an asset to the local economy rather than a liability," Karler told the group. The federal funds will provide money for teachers, rental of a facility and stipends for students, he said. Karter added that every potential free facili- ly should be investigated before one is rented. The local school board has barred OEO programs from the public school buildings, a Negro attending the meeting said. Karler said that any community or non-profit agency is eligible to apply for participation in the program. No definite limit to the amount of funds or size of the area which can be included in a program has been fixed, he said. Leaders in the Clarksdale project said they hoped to have the program ready to begin when chopping is over in mid-summer. LBJ Makes Peace Plea WASHINGTON (UPI) -President Johnson was embarked today on a search for a new consensus aimed at uniting the American and Russian peoples in the determination that "the world shall not walk again the road to darkness ... into the valley of war." The Chief Executive, speaking at a Democratic fund-raising dinner in Chicago Thursday right, coupled an unusual direct plea to the Russian people for peace with a dramatic announcement that he was ordering all remaining U. S. Marines out of the Dominican Republic. " . . . This I would say to the people of the Soviet Union: "There is no American interest in conflict with Ihe Soviet people anywhere. And no true Soviet interest is served by Ihe support of aggression or subversion anywhere. SAVING COINS BLANTYRE, Malawi (UPI) The Reserve Bank of Malawi sakl today in a statement there is a national shortage of coins because African villagers are hoarding them in the ground. covered 400.000 miles in space --nearly the dislance of a round irip lo the moon. The cosmic twins were only hours away from a U.S. space endurance record nnd a chance to match Ihe GO man-hour total for all previous American manned flights. * * « THE U. S. space endurance record of 34 hours 20 minutes is held by Mercury astronaut L. Gordon Coojwr. This record will fall at 9:3G p.m. HDT. See additional stories. Page 2 They were approaching the 18(h oihit at 2:10 p.m. EDT. A space agency spokesman confidently reported that, de- spile a rash of minor troubles, including n balky hatch: "Everything is moving along very nicely." This finned the probability that McDivill and White will long a full four days in orbit before tiiey splash to an Atlantic landing off Bermuda Monday. Ground controllers told pilot McDivitt and his spacewalking co-pilot lo go easy on the fuel, and cancelled a pair of orbital changes that would have drastically reduced the supply. As Gemini-4 soared across the northwest coast of Africa and finished ils first 24 hours in space at 11:16 a.m. F.DT, project chiefs assured (he rookie pilots their obil--101 to 119 miles above earth--was enough to keep them aloft a full 07 hours and 49 minutes. * * + A FUEL supply depleted by a futile chase afler anolher satellite, clouds of "paper and stuff" thnt began to fill (he cabin, nnd continued problems wilh communicalions headed a lengthening list of minor troubles plaguing the mission one- fourth of the way to its goal. But flight chiefs at Houston appeared unworried -- and White and McDivitt, refreshed by plenty of sleep and a successful return to their original flight plan, took dead aim at the U.S. space mark of slightly more than 34 hours, set two years ago by astronaut Gordon Cooper. They reached the 24-hour mark in Ihe 16th orbit, entering it at 10:58 a.m. F.DT. At 24 hours past lift-off--11:16 n.m. EDT--the astronauts had compiled this record of space triumphs and setbacks: --A 20-minule, walk in space by co-pilot White using a twinjet space gun to maneuver, in exhilaration, he frolicked oul- side Ihe capsule eight minutes longer than assigned--and thereby doubled Ihe 10-minute opcralion in space by Soviet cosmonaut Aiexei Leonov. --An aborted altempt to rendezvous wilh Ihe burned-out second stage of the Titan II rocket that hurled Ihe Gemini twins into space. The experiment was taking more fuel than it was worth. Governor To Call Legislature JACKSON (UPI)-Gov. Paul Johnson said unequivocally Thursday night he will call the legislature into special session this month to consider a major revamping of state voting laws. The governor promised to announce Ihe date for the special session by Monday, afler he had an opportunity to rearrange his work schedule. Johnson met with newsmen following a two-hour strate^ meeting wilh legislative leaders and other state officials. The high-level conference was held behind locked doors in the governor's office. * + * JOHNSON said Ihere was a "meeting of minds" on the proposals but declined lo reveal any of the recommendations lo be submitted. He said he felt the proposals could be handled "in a few days." "They do not call for many bills," he said. Earlier, Johnson said there were no plans to "pull out by the roots some of those measures which have protected our people for years." The governor disclosed two groups of attorneys h a d been preparing bills, one to draw up the measures and one to screen them before submission. He said Ihe special session would be restricted to the one issue, -ABANDONED the related attempt lo have White approach and possibly touch the tumbling second stage. When he took his walk, Ihe 27-foot-long stage was C5 miles ahead of (he capsule. --An on-the-nose record for maintaining the flight and performing other experiments despite an abrupt change in flight plans. --A smooth working capsula with all systems "absolutely" functioning as planned. At (he slart of the second day, each pilot alternately had got eight hours of sleep. The first four-hour segments were fairly sporadic for (hem. The second four-hour segments were deep slumberland sojourns for both. Pinchhitling f l i g h t director John llobbs said loday the as- Ironauls probably would not make a pair of fuel-consuming orbital changes thai had been planned for early Saturday and again early Sunday. A space agency spokesman said the reason was that "they already have a good enough orbit." Nevertheless, ground stations were keeping labs on a tight problem crealed when McDivitt used more control-jet fuel than expected Thursday when he unsuccessfully chased another satellite--(he Tilan-2 second stage booster that put him in orbit- in America's first attempt at a "rendezvous" in space. HOUSTON control, aflcr making sure "we had enough fuel left" for any vital maneuvers, ordered McDivilt and White to "do as much of the experiments as you can without uing fuel." The most important "gas" item ahead was a scheduled attempt to lower Gemini-l into a "fail-safe" orbit just before landing Monday. When the maneuver is finished, the capsule should be close enough to earth to reenter wilh the help of atmospheric friction in case the reverse rockets fail. The trash problem apparently was becoming an annoyance. Hobbs said the cockpit, smaller than the interior of two telephone booths, was "beginning to f i l l up with bits of p.iper and stuff which they are supposed lo be putting down in the foot well." Communications problems started almost at blast-off Thursday. Hobbs said there were two troubles, one with the worldwide tracking network and the other with the capsule itself. * * * BUT AT Ihe moment, he said early today, "we have quite satisfactory communications." Officials admitted that a hatch problem that had plagued them in ground tests cropped up again in space, when White reeled himself back inlo Ihe cabin and Iried to "bulton down" aflcr his joyful jaunt inlo the void as the world's first self-propelled human satellite Thursday. Hobbs said White's space door is held shut by a simple ratchet - like device with a plunger that has to be held down before it works. "You need three hands," he added, "and apparently Ed didn't satisfactorily complete! that." "Tney worked on the hatch ' o r a number of minutes," Hobbs said. "They had quite a bit of difficulty." "From what we can gather," he explained, "the plunger has sluck down and the handle ij free."

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