HOODING CARTKK and 1'uMiitm J O H N T. GIIJSON General Manager Greenville, M'iss., Sunday, July 24, I960 War* If left lo me (n decide whether we should have n foveriuuent w i t h o u t newspapers or newspapers w i t h o u t government, 1 should not hesitate Â« moment lo prefer the Intlcr. --Tliomns Jefferson We'll Have The Parade IT AST week 24 Greenville civic, Jl-^siuvicc and garden clubs were riv.checi by the Christmas Parade Corn:viiUeo Â«nd ssked if their members, officially or as individuals, wijijld help raise the money to put on the Christmas Parade this year. Several club representatives were out of p o c k e t , but this group seemed representative. They were told that the idea would be dropped unless three- fourths of them wanted to help -nobody wanted to force the parade on the community if it was unwilling to support it that way. At the week's end more than the required three-fourths of the clubs had responded -- in fact more than the clubs requested lo had agreed to help, either with a donation, or workers, or both. The number Saturday stood at 26 clubs, and as a started they had added $640 to the growing fund for the parade out of their own treasuries. This is a warming response and typical, we think, of Greenville's community spirit. We feel sure that the people called on in the door-to-door drive next Friday will respond in kind. As of today the C h r i s t m a s Parade seems assured. The children will not be disappointed after all. Santa's little elves will go back to work on the floats. Fantasy- land will move out on the streets of the town. The bands will play. And G r e e n v i l l e will keep this sparkling spectacle that has drawn so many thousands of people to the hospitality of our city. The clubs have offered their part -- the rest is up to the residents, who will have a chance to put their dollar's worth into the parade next Friday. True Loser Is The Taxpayer T HE Causey Drive-Greenway Park controversy, whatever the relative merits of the cases presented by the many parties involved, boils down to one inescapable conclusion. The citizen-taxpayer of any community has a full right to know all aspects of every action taken by a public body when it concerns tax money expenditure. The controversy also is the best argument possible against closed meetings of appointed or elected public officials. It seems apparent to us, at any rate, that the public would never have condoned the use of Greenway Park land -- which many consider to be illegal on its face -for roads or power line towers if it had known on what treacherous ground the City Council was operating; But the public, and perhaps even some councilmen, did not know. And now we have the possibility that city revenue may be used to tear up a street paid for by city revenue, if the court so rules in a suit expected to be filed by some p r o p e r t y owners along Causey Drive. Without judging the merits of the suit, this should be the final straw for the voting, taxpaying people of Greenville. The argument is traditionally used by public officials who wish to deliberate in secret -- and our representatives in local govern- mÂ£nt have an on-again, off-again prediliction for this method -- that the public needs no accounting for reasons so long as it knows how the money is spent. This is obviously untrue. There can be no coherent public objection if al! the facts behind an action are not made public. And no one can judge the worth of a decision unless he knows the whys and wherefores and all the facts involved. It is sometimes embarrassing to individual officials, or to their pel schemes, if all the facts are made public. And full disclosure often makes a difficult task more difficult. But what is more difficult lo explain, and more obnoxious to do. than to spend tax dollars for the destruction of facilities paid for by tax dollars? What is more embarrassing? There is only one way to conduct the public's business, and that is in public. Putting all the cards on the table and playing them face up may cause problems, and if certainly tips your hand, but it also insures a fair deal. Every citizen has the right to demand no less from his duly elected representatives, because it is his money being gambled with. Some people may feel sorry for the property owners along Causey Drive, and with good reason. Some of us may feel sorry for the City Council. And some may even sympathize with Mississippi Power and Light Company. But the true loser, no mailer how the issue resolves itself, is the taxpayer. The Democratic Platform N UMEROUS editorial writers have attempted to delineate their feelings about the Democratic Party's platform. Some have called it a "bold plan for the 60s." Others have referred to it as "communis- tie" and "utopian." But the statement which best summed up many of our objections to the platform's planks was carried in The Christian Science Monitor. We reprint part of it below. "Consider the challenges it makes, the sacrifices it promises: "Taxpayers: They are asked to get along with no increases, to bear up under reductions if arms can be controlled. "Farmers: They are promised the hardship of "parity of income" which will presumably require them reluctantly to accept higher subsidies. "Veterans: Some are asked to bear the burden of receiving increased pensions. "Workers: They would have to endure a higher minimum wage, more power for unions. "Business: It would be handicapped by various kinds of paternalistic interference -- including tariffs. "Slate and Cities: They would be asked lo take federal money for =lum clearance and school buildinp. "Consumers: They would be re- [Uired to manage somehow with lower prices. "The promises to 'this or that Â·,'roup' in the new Democratic platform 'cover the water f r o n t ' On the list are some real needs, some places where federal aid- property limited--is justified. But just where are the challenges, the sacrifices? "Which way does this frontier .'ace? Does it call Americans to the grim competition with the lotalitarians in which every segment of American society must gird for action and effort, dropping every soft self-indulgence, every every form of prop or feather bed? Or does this frontier face toward grab-bag government, i n v i l i n p every group or special interest l; scramble for federal favors, to ho apportioned according to politic.- 1 pressures rather t h a n justice or national welfare? "High-minded theorists amon" the Democrats may have their vision of a new frontier. But how U- they expect to reach it by challenging Americans to compete not in sacrifice but in pleas for federal aid?" The Capitol Dome Differences To flare At State Demos Conclave By JArilLS SAGCUS Sharp diffetcnces aro expected to arise among state Democratic leaders next month when the slate party reconvenes its convention in Jackson. Capitol sources said rebellious elements in the parly are putting pressure on state convention delegates, but are meeting with resistance in some quarters. In addition, the sources said, these rebel elements are divided among themselves on whether Mississippi should support a third licket or independent electors. Among those who lean toward loyally to the national ticket are (hose who feel that a bolt would solve none of the South': problems, and if successful would only postpone a permanent solulion four more years. One state official said he would support Ihe Democratic licket because lie had been elected as a Democrat and felt a moral obligation to the pa;ly. Gov. Ross Barncll's forces, who were in control of Ihe convention l.isl month, are expected to win o'.it. but only after a fight. Ilic differences of opinion among Democrats docs nol mean they differ much on the party's platform or presidential candidate. Most are extremely unhappy with both. The difference arises on what to do about it. Four major schools of thought are current. The schools and their arguments arc: Third party -- neither major party cares aboul the South or will lo anything to help the South. It would be hyprocrisy to go with either. Independent elector -- neither major party will help the South now and a Ihird party would give only temporary relief at best. If Mississippi and other southern states wilhhold their votes from both major candidates and neither gets a majority, Ihe South can let them bid for its votes. Loyalists -- Mississippians are Democrats and should settle their differences in the party. A bolt would jeopardize the powerful committee assignments Mississippi holds in Congress. The Democrats certainly are not going to he frier.dly lo tlwsc who fight ihem. Republican --Since the Democrats obviously feel the South is in (he bag and will make no concessions and since a third party or independent elector strategy offers no permanent solution, the state should try Ihe Republicans. The GOP is more like Southern Democrats than the national Democratic Party. If Ihey see we can be wooed and won, Ihey will treat us belter. A two-party system would evenlually force both parties to seek our vote through concessions. Things are still too much up in the air to predict which route the average Mississippi voter will choose. The [one of the GOP platform, to be adopted next week, will hive a bearing on the selection. "The state officials probably canr.ot afford (o po Republican," one Democratic leader said. "But ulh N'ixon the more conservative :if the mnjor candidates a lot more y?ople are lalking GOP than ever before. A ccnservativc tone: to the Republican platform might mean Â· i:c beginning of a two-parly sys ;em. "Most of the vote Eisenhower Â·jot u a s personal vote rather lhan narly vote. But I'm hearing a lot more favorable comment on Ihe Republican Parly itself these days." Supporting the arguments of those- leaning toward the GOP is the fact that stale papers, columnists and editorials arc talking GOP more than ever before. Some of Ih'e mention is not com- Â·riimcnlnry, but it appears that the writers are taking (he GOP serinusK'. The POWER of FAITH Louise E*krlgge Crump's The Delta Democrat-Times This newspaper welcomes letters to Ihe editor to be published so long as they remai' within the boundaries of decency and libel laws. The name of Ihe sender may be with held OP request, but all fuch letters must be signed and return addresses given i! Ihe' are to be considered for publication. Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday by: Trie Times Publishir. Co., Inc.. 201 Main St., Greenville, Miss. Subscription Rates Delivery by carrier 35c per week. Mail subscriptions payable in a.ivance to subscriber.' living in Washington and adjoining counties not served / dealers and carriers. 512 Â»: per year, six months. $6.50. By mail all other areas within United States: One yet,; $15.00; 6 months $3.00; O:H- month $1.50. Notice To Public The Delta Democrat-Times does not intentionally misinterpret any individual thin" Correction will be cheerfully made of any erroneous statement called to our attention ThÂ« Associated Press and United Press are exclusively entitled to use for renublieation 'I all Ihe news dispatches credited (o them or not otherwise crediled in this newspaper. All rights of republication herein are also reserved. Entered is Second Class matte/ at the Post Office at Greenville, Miss., under Act ol March S, 1S7S. \fmeminutis .-- vitH tfit *-* f~ (jreat nooks HERODOTUS The Persians urged Cyrus: "Since Jove has given the rule Â· o the Persians, and lo you c.iicfly, 0 Cyrus, come now, let us quit this land wherein we d\ve!l--for it is a scant land and rugged. Let us choose ourselves :ome other belter country." Then Cyrus, who did not ;reatly esteem the counsel, told hem they might do so, if they . ii'itpcl--hut he warned them not (o expect in that case to continue rulers, but to prepare for lx.':ng ruled by others--s o ft countries gave birth to soft men -there was no region \\hich pro- d.:ced very delightful fruits, and nt (he same time men of a warlike spirit. So tf:L- Persians departed V t i t h .iltered minds, confessing t h a t Cyrus was wiser than they; and chose rather to dwell in a churlish land, and exercise brdship.' t h a n to c u l t i v a t e plair.?. ar.d be the slaves of others. Delta Scene \ frica was really dark when David Livingston brought it a measure of faith, health, knowledge and human dignity in the Nineteenth Century. "I encourage myself in the Lord and go forward," he said as he braved lions, spears and malaria in an unexplored region. "You have no idea how brave you nra until you try." Not only was he a missionary but an explorer, a teacher and a doctor. He fought victoriously against slavery and helped atvaken the Western world to Uie capacity of the African. He discovered Victoria Falls. Falling ill during the course of his journeys ho wrote, "I cannot hope for any good Samaritan lo come." But one did come -- Henry M. Stanley -- who brought him food and supplies and wrote, "In him religion exhibits its loveliest features. It governs his conduct towards his servants, towards the natives . . . all who come in contact with him." Livingston died kneeling in a posture of prayer, and his heart was buried underneath an African tree. Today In National Affairs Rocky Will Be On The Spot If He's Asked To Take Second Place By DAVID LAWRENCE SAN FRANCISCO -- All over the country there's a deep curiosity as to what's behind the tactics of Governor Rockefeller of New York as the Republican National Convention approaches. Is he really trying to be drafted for the presidential nomination? Would he positively refuse the vice-presidential nomination if drafted for it by Ihe convention or if personally requested to accept it by both President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon? What would be Mr. Rockefeller's reasons, under those circumstances, f o r declining to take second place on the Republican national ticket? The answers t h a t some of the professional politicians in both parties give in their conversations are significant of the weakness of the convention system it- Drew Pearson's self as a means of reflecting public sentiment. Little Chance There is, of course, little if any chance that Governor Rockefeller actually will be "drafted" for either place on the ticket. The only nomination that's really open is for the vice presidency. The delegates at the Chicago convention next week will not do the picking to fill that spot. The selection will be made by the presidential nominee, Richard M. Nixon. This has been the custom and the practice. But if Mr. Ninon were to decide to ask Governor Rockefeller to run. he would doubtless do so only after conference with President Eisenhower, so that it would be a joint request. With what arguments would Governor Rockefeller be confronted as he turned over in his mind ~nch a request? First, the governor would have '.Q convince himself that his own chances of becoming president some day would not be adversely affected by his refusal. If both Mr. Eisenhower and Mr. Nixon, as the top leaders of the Republican Party at present, should ask him to run in order to help the party and he nevertheless declined to do so, he would have two strikes against him with the rank and file of the party work- era in 1964 if Mr. Nixon is defeated in November. S u r e l y there would be another attempt by Mr. Nixon to run four years hence, as he's only 47 years old. The probabilities are that a declination this time by Mr. Rockefeller might even cause such feeling inside the Republican Party in New York state as to impair his chances of being re-elected governor two years hence. If he's defeated for governor in 1GG2, his political future will be dim indeed. Why Should He Decline? But why should Mr. Rockefeller decline? It is understandable that just as Lyndrm Johnson kept on discouraging all talk of a vice-presidential nomination while t.fembcrs (A Greenville's Triad Club are receiving calls from Mississippians preparing to take trips who want "Mill America" tags for their car. One caller reported thai she- had had a Miss America tag, bought when they went on sale along with regular tags and that it had been lost or stolen from her car and she wanted to replace it. The Triads havÂ« ordered additional tags and within a week they will be on sale in the Sheriff's office, at the Washington County Court House. It's a wonderful way to advertise Missis- Â»lppi, Ihe home of Miss Americas. So, if you haven't one of these tags, get one, and let people know that Mississippi has something to be proud of. One day last week I asked for two recipes for a gentleman friend who has a longing for, one, salt rising bread like his mother used to make and. two, sourdough bread of which he has read in Western novels. No response has come from salt rising bread makers, but from Laura Carroll (Mrs. S. J. Jr.) comes not just a recipe for sourdough bread but a story that goes along with it. Two years ago the Carrolls had a visitor who came from Alns- ka and she came bringing with her a cup of sour dough baiter, and instructions for making this bread that goes on year after year. This batch had been started in Alaska 75 years before. The starter cup of dough was placed in the refrigerator next morning the visitor took it out and added one scant cup of water and mixed it well allowing the bailer to be some what sticky. Then she covered it and let it sland for one night in a warm place. Then the next morning, one cup of the batter was taken from the pan and was put back into Ihe refrigerator, to form another starter. To ths remaining batter wax added one tablespoon of some kind o( Wjortening, one tablespoon ol ngar, one egg, ono half teaspoon of salt and it was then mixed, And to It was added ons fourth (scant) cup of warm water into which had been put one half teaspoon full of baking ooda. This was not beaten, just 1 folded in and tha dough was baked Â«i any other hot or griddlo cake. Maurine and Howard Barwick will be traveling this week end, heading their car for Tuscaloosa, Ala. There they will meet their twin grandchildren Carla and Eddie Barwick of Winston Salem, N.C. The twins, now thirteen years old, will have had Ihe thrilling experience of a day and night trip on the Irain, their first, but better still they will be coming to Greenville for a visit. The twins were born here ar.d lived a good part of their lives here until the family moved to Winston Salem. They will be renewing old friendships in the days to come, but best of all they will have grandmother and grandfather all to themselves wilhout their parents on hand to interfere with the spoiling that bolh parties will so thoroughly enjoy. It's nice lo know that people don't forget you and I'm sure that when the Rev. Jeff Cunningham, feature speaker at the Adult Conference at Lake Stephens' Methodist Camp saw Greenville friends in the audience he felt as if they were a special and wonderful gift to him. And they were. It's too hot to drive many miles to hear a talk unless you feel a special kind of loyalty to the speaker. In the local delegation were Miss Edith Haynes, Mrs. Dudley Waas, Mrs. Skelton Harden, Mr. and Mrs. Charles McCormick, Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Robinson and Mr. and Mrs. Hunter Moorhead. there was still a chance of his getting first place on the Democratic ticket, so also the New York governor has to keep attention focused on the Republican presidential nomination until the balloting has actually been completed. But when the time for decision arrives, will the New York governor really refuse? Political logic would seem to say that he cannot refuse. He speaks, for instance, of wanting to serve the nation and his party. He declares he is deeply concerned about public policies in a critical period in American history. He has expressed himself recently in a forceful way on current issues and has said he is thinking only of the public welfare. Does anyone think a governor at Albany, N.Y., can influence federal policy better than a vice president who sits in the cabinet in Washington, altendes the meetings of the Nalional Security Council, and is in a positi n every day to confer with leaders in Congress? Then there is always the contingency that fate sometimes makes a vice president into a president overnight. Accidents do happen in these days of airplane flights in all ki\rfs of weather. Would Nelson Rockefeller ever forgive himself if he turned down the vice presidency ami someone else --perhaps former Senator Henry Cabot Lodge -- thereafter became the chief executive? Would Have Free Hand It could be that Mr. Rockefeller is absolutely convinced that, unless he runs at the top spot, the Republican Party cannot possibly win in November and that the acceptance of second placa would tie him too tightly to a defeated administration, whereas, if he is not on the ticket this year, he would have a free hand in 1964 to criticize and differ from the present administration's policies. If Governor Rockefeller is sure in his own mind that the Republicans will lose this time, he, of course, has every right to keep out of the contest But politicians have long memories, and much will depend on how earnestly and effectively Mr. Rockefeller campaigns during the next threo months for the Nixon ticket as he has promised lo do. It remains, however, to be seen whether the governor will be forgiven if he declines to nin for vice president in I960, even though asked by the present president ar.d vice president. Maybe that's why Governor Rockefeller is hoping he will not be asked next week. (Copyright, 1960. New York Herald Tribune Inc.) GOP's Social Register Gathers For Conclave CHICAGO -- Seen and heard around the GOP convention: Ethel Merman, vacationing from "Gypsy." Her husband, Box Six, runs Continental Airlines, is a great pal of Ike's, got some new choice air routes from the CAB . . . Alice Roosevelt Longworth, who has attended almost as many GOP conventions as Chip Robert of Georgia has been lo Democratic powwows. Her daddy. Teddy Roosevelt, did lo President Tafi what Nelson Rockefeller is trying to do to Nixon; but Alice has been a right-wing Tail Republican ever since . . . G o v . Goodie j Knight. He's TV commentator! over KCOP L o s Angeles now. The Republicans w o u l d have been belter off had they let him run for governor again; (or his purge c a u s e d the biggest Democratic swsep in California h i s I o r y . . . ambassador John Lodge of Spain, no-.v a delegate from Connecticut to promote his brother Henry Cabo! for vice president . . . Joe Pew of Sun Oil. He and his family gave S2l6,SiOO to the GOP in I53Â« . . . glamorous Clare Roothe Luce, a candidate for vice president in Chicago eight years ago, now not even a candidate for ambassador to Brazil . . . statuesque Bill Rogers, the attorney general who a Nixon's closest friend and could become his vice president . . . Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield who persuaded Ike not to criticize Sen. Joe McCarthy when Ike ran the first time . . . the William Pal- eys of Columbia Broadcasting. Lhey contribuled $12,000 to the GOP last time around, though CBS is supposed lo be politically neutral . . . Herbert Hoover, Jr., the under secretary of state, one of the biggest contributors lo Nixon's JI8.0M personal expc-nse fund . . . not seen in Chicago: Sen. Margaret Chase Smith o! Maine who, like Senator Kcfau- ver of Tennessee, is sticking to her election knitling . . . Lady Jane Campbell, granddaughter of Lord Beaverbrook, who caused so much commotion in the Harry Luce Time, Life, Fortune Family. "Dem" United Nations? Irene Dunne, Ihe gorgeous, su- per-duper Republican now looting for Nixon, dropped In to see "The Best Man" in which leading man Melvyn Douglas ribs the Republicans in a rip-roaring political satire aimed at Nixon. The beautiful Irene is such a good Republican that she did not comment on the play. However, he presence reminded other Hollywood actors of what happened when Myrna Loy, for years active in UNESCO, was trying lo stage a dinner in Los Angeles in honor of United Nations activities. Miss Loy tried several times to telephone Miss Dunne--without success. She was not able to gc! Miss Dunne on Ihe telephone. Finally Miss Loy hat] to' leave Hollywood for New York in connection with her UNESCO duties, but left word with her secretary that she should call Miss Dunne lo pursue the m a t t e r of Ihe UN dinner further. Finally Miss Loy's secretary reached Miss Dunne's secretary--which is protocol for Hollywood. "f realize that Miss Loy has been, calling." replied Irene Dunne's secretary, "but Miss D u n n e can't understand why- she's calling about the United Nations. After all, Miss Loy must know that Miss D u n n e is a Republican." NOTE -- President Eisenhower has now appointed Miss Dunne an American delegate to the United Nations. Crime and Chicago This Republican conclave to nominate a president meets in a cily reputed to be the crime center of America. That fact, of course, is pure coincidence. Last go-round the Democrats also met in Chicago and the time bo- fore that bolh parties met here. It's an invigorating city and Ihe lake front is beautiful. But only a few blocks from Ihe delegate-crowded hotel lobbies you will find B-girls l i n i n g the bars of some of the most sordid dives in America, while in the jam- packed Negro wards of Chicago no white man can enter alnnc at nighl without danger ;o his life. Almost unmolested, the big crime syndicates regulate the bars, the taverns, the bookie jnints, and even decree where they shall buy their beer and their ice cubes. Eight years ago a young senator from Tennessee, Estes Kefauver. starled to investigate, the vast ramifications of the underworld. It made headlines. It also won him the undying enmity of the big city bosses -- some of whom controlled hugh blocs of Democratic delegates. Kefauver was the favorite on the convention floor but not in the smoke- filled rooms. The bosses killed him as a candidate, later killed his Senate investigation of the underworld. This week the Saturday Evening Post prints a startling expose of the same leaders of the Mafia whom Senator Kefauver called to the witness stand. Kefauver had put Frankie Costello out of business, jailed for contempt, also for income tax evasion. But the Saturday Evening Post expose shows how younger leaders have come forward to replace Coitello, how the Malia has continued to thrive ever since the Senate spotlight was dimmed. What the underworld needs to- i!ay is another Kefauver investi- ;ation. Caribbean Contrast Just as the Republican Convention gels into high gear, Fide! Castro will get into high gear wilh a terrific celebration of July 26. anniversary of (he Cuban revolution. Caslro is planning world-wide attention. Attracting little attention, but more significant, will be another anniversary, one day earlier, when Puerto R:co on July 25 celebrates the eighth anniversary of its self-government. It's celebration will highlight a period exactly the reverse of Cuba's. During those eight years, Puerto Rico has encouraged American investments, not d r i v e n them away; has built up its tourist trade to 300,000 visitors a year wilh an annual revenue of $40,000,000, unlil it now allracls five times as many tourisls as all the countries of Soulh America put together. In a few short years. Puerto Rico has increased its per capita income from $121 to $513. And every year recently, its investments in plant and equipment have increased 21 per cent. Last year the establishment oi 162 new industries was announced for Puerto Rico. In return Puerto Rico buys $700,000,000 worth of U. S. goods annually. All this was accmplished under the wise statesmanship of Gov. Luis Munoz Marin and Ihe commonwc-allh self - government plan initiated by Secretary of the Interior Oscar Chapman. It prevented Puerto Rico from conlinu- ing as an impoverished island which could have denegeratcd into another Algeria.
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