Founded CANANBAIWA MESSENGER FounAed 1802 THE DAILY fygSS Founded 1S07 Established in 1797. Vol. 151. No. 12. "Weather JPAPERUFOR LiffM *NÂ«W W4 0Â«t 10 tonlfkt; Â·Â«**Â»Â£ FriÂ£p; ^ soutftweftt .viols ^Uttaft northwest CANANDAIGUA, N. Y.,. THURSDAY, JANUARY 15, 1948 e Copy, Five Cents Plan Or Work Under Way On Final Plans For New School Overall ! Cosl of Project, $l,47;gfff,otild Be Financed Through 30- Year Bonds The development of plans for the proposed new elementary school for the Union free school district- of Canandaigua has progressed a major step during the last month, and work is ajready under way on the preparation of working drawings and specifications, Arthur E. Warren, superintendent of schools, '.'Pvcalet! today. Cost of the entire school project including the new building, furni-: ture and development of; the grounds, is estimated at $1,478,867. Under present plans the school project would be financed by 30- year bonds, which could be retired at an annual cost of $65,000, including interest, school officials say. The Buffalo firm of architects, Lynian and Associates, has been, directed by the local school board to start work on .the drawings and specifications following approval by the state department of education on Dec. 16, of the revisions in the original plans agreed upon at a conference of members of the Â·local school board and of department of education officials, at Albany, Dec. 2. Economy is shown to be primary concern to the state department of education in a letter from Don L. Essex, director, division of schools and grounds, in which he indicates his approval of the revised plans. In the letter, which was addressed to William F. Lewis, president of the board'of education, Director Essex writes: Cubage Reduced "This is the third set'of plans * T --. ,,'., i,r~ ' vi~n/-ft^f nA nnr^ f*nv- ries out the agreement which we reached at our las); Conference on Dec. '2; 1947. It is encouraging to note that 'the ciibage of the build- lug has '.been -TeiJiUd::irom-^se6r 000 (cubic feet) "in the previous submission to 1,710,000'in'tlie next submission. "We feel'that the,.ulmo'st economy has been practiced -in, planning the building, and that there is rib resulting loss in efficiency." . In.the same -letter Director Essex shows that reducing. the size oJ the proposed building has .not anaterially affected ; its usefulness. The director's letter continues: "On. the basis of a good program ilie building will.have 'a capacity of..aiiout '1,000 pupils. As the present enrollment (in the present Union school and three neighborhood first to third grade schools Ls 864 exclusive of four-year old kindergarten pupils (for which classes would be initiated in the new school) and as census figures Â·would" seem to indicate an increasing .enrollment, it Is obvious that the building has been planned conr servatively for future''-growth." . Fuumcing Discussed Regarding the anticipated cost and financing of the. new school, Superintendent Warren released the following statement, which, he said, had been approved of by Charles P. A. Persons, vice-president of the board of education, acting "as president during the absence of the board's president, Mr. T^ewis, who is wintering at Florida: "The lowest per-cubic-foot cost of school construction during 1947 of which, we are aware was 75 -cents. If it were possible to let a contract for the construction of our proposed building, which has a carefully estimated cube of 1,710,000 feet, at 75 cents per cubic foot, the total cost for general construction, heating and ventilating, plumbing and electrical work would be $1,282,894. ."Architect's and engineer's commissions, legal fees and insurance during construction would add approximately Â§81,000. Site development, including roads and walks, is estimated to cost $25,000 and the. purchase of furniture and equipment is estimated.at $90,000 making the total cost of the project $1,478,867. "Bonds issued for this project would undoubtedly be retired throughout a period of thirty years. On a bond issue of $1,500,000 maturing in 30 years, the average, principal payment each year would be $50;000. The present interest rate at which school bonds would he issued is about two percent and it is felt that the rate will increase only slightly during the next few months. If it were possible to issue bonds for this project at two percent, the average annual interest payment during the thirty-year period would be $15,000. $65,960 Per Year "Undoubtedly bond retirement would be arranged so that during the first years the annual payment would be largely for interest while during the latter years it would be almost entirely principal. In this way annual payments throughout the thirty years would be about the same amount each year, and for a bond jssue of $1,Continued on Page 3 Annisike Only Alternative dais Assert Truman's Tax Proposal WASHINGTON, (#' -- Republicans today pasted a "file arid forget" tag on President Truman's proposal for a "cost of living" cut in income taxes balanced by a new excess profits levy on corporations. With even key Congressional Democrats showing little enthusiasm for the White House plan, the majority leadership signaled instead for action on a measure- by Rep 1 . Knutson (R-Minn) to reduce tv,,;* Told Fertilizer Prospects Better ROCHESTER, W--Fruit grow, ers heard today that granular nitrogen fertilizer probably would be in sufficient future .supply to eliminate the need of buying special machinery to distribute anhydrous or liquid nitrogen. Dr. Damon Boynton of the Cornell university department of pa- mology said in a speech prepared for the 93rd annual convention of the New York State Horticultural society that over-all fertilizer prospects were better than last year. Prof. N. B. Hoffman of the same Cornell department discussed in a prepared speech the merits of dinitro compounds and app-1- set, an auxin preparation, as sprays for thinning apples. Bo'ynton reported the supply of granular nitrogen was short now and probably would remain so for six months because of "an unprecedented demand for fertilizer in this country, abnormal shipments of nitrogen abroad" and a lack of plant facilities. "The over-all nitrogen prospects are better than they were last year because facilities for producing granular ammonium nitrate will be increased considerably during the year," he said, adding: "The future supply of these granular materials look bright enough so that it will probably not pay our fruit growers to equip themselves with special machinery to distribute anhydrous or liquid nitrogen." $5,600,000,000 (billion) a year, mainly on a percentage basis. The House Ways and Means committee which Knutson heads was summoned to- take up his bill tomorrow. Secretary 9f the Treasury Snyder was invited as the first witness. The president's proposal went before Congress late yesterday after he conferred at the White House with Reps. Doughton (D- NC), Cooper (D-Tenn) and Din- fi-p-11 (D-Mich). all members of the Ways and Means committee. To the surprise of many it was introduced by Dingell instead of Doughton, who is house manager of tax matters tor 'ins pafTy"~and headed the committee wlien Democrats controlled Congress. "I wasn't ready.to take a position," Doughton told reporters. "I wasn't consulted before the bill was drafted." The measure would: 1. Give each taxpayer a flat Â§40 a year reduction for himself and each dependent dated, back to Jan. 1. Thus a man with a wife and two children would pay $160 less in 1948. This would remove 10,300, 000 persons f rom the tax rolls and reduce the taxes of 54,500,000 others. 2. Recoup the $3,200,000,000 (billion) loss of federal revenue by a new 75 per cent excess .profits tax on corporations. Corporations with profits of $50.000 or less would be exempt. Others would receive an exemption of 135 per cent of their average 1935-39 profit plus $50,000. A corporation with an average net income of $100,000 in the 193539 period would figure its exemption by adding 35 per cent, making $135,000, and then another $50,000, bringing the figure up to $185,000. The 75 per cent tax would be levied on any profits above $185,000. Taxes on profits of new corporations would be measured by a capital investment formula. Afoove is the architect's view of the proposed new Union school building, which would replace the 70-year-old, structure on Main street, at Greig Terrace. The drawing- is based ..on plans revised according to agreements between the local board of education and the State department of education, made at a conference at Albany, Dec. 2. The proposed building, of an overall width of 375 feet, is designed to contain 34 classrooms, numerous auxiliary rooms, a cafeteria, auditorium, and gymnasium. Tile complete cost of the building is estimated at nearly $1,500,000, which, it is proposed, could be raised through a bond issue maturing in 30 years. The new school should, serve the community without additions for 0 years, according to conservative estimates. Canandaigua Shivers at 2 Above But Is Warm Compared to Potsdam Anti-Communist Measure Introduced In Legislature! ^0.. . . . .,..-.. . 3* ALBANY, (JPi -- Assemblyman' Frank J. McMullen introduced in the legislature today a bill "to expose Communists" holding civil service johs. particularly in education and vniblic welfare. j The bill would require an affi- i davit of all civil service employes, Arab League Plans Occupation Attempt CIARO. /Pi -- .r^sad Dagher, chief of the press section of the Arab league, told a news conference today the Ifeague has recommended that Arab nations occupy all Palestine with regular armies when British troops leave. Britain has said she will terminate her mandate in Palestine May 15 and that the deadline for evacuation of her troops is Aug. 1. Asked whether the plan to occupy all of Palestine with regular Arab armies represented the decision of each individual Arab country or the recommendation of the Arab league, Assad said: "The Arab league recommends and each state is not forced to take the recommendation." ACCIDENTS INCREASE ALBANY. (.'P)--Industrial accidents in New York last year totaled a record 787,245. almost 80,000 more than in 1946. The workmen's jompensat-ion board said the number of industrial mishaps increased in all areas of the state. BODY .FOUND IN LAKE GENEVA, /Pi--The body of Fred Weinman, 43, of Geneva, who was last seen on Nov. 17, vtfas found in Seneca lake harbor yesterday. Search was not started until last Friday as Weinman had told of plans' to go to Florida. Opposition Appears Among Democrats to President's Request WASHINGTON, UP)--Sharp opposition to the administration's anti-inflation plans cropped out in Democratic ranks today in the wake of President Truman's new appeal for compulsory action to curb living costs. Senator Maybank (D-SC) contended that "-all this talk about rationing and price control is only serving to frighten people and will do more harm t.han good." The South Carolina lawmaker told a reporter he is "all for anti- inflation, hut let's be reasonable about it." He said he was particularly irked by Secretary of Commerce Harriman's testimony that the administration plans .to slap price controls on textiles and steel if Congress grants the cost of living powers Mr. Truman is seeking. j Canandaigua lived up to its i name as "the chosen spot" last | night by escaping the paralyzing i cold which left much of the state | shivering -in weainer ranging downward to an unofficial -10 degrees below zero at Potsdam. |. Unofficial city reading here, al I sunrise today was two degrees I above. Only one degree above the i lowest thermometer drop reported i here this winter. | Canandaigua's cold weather ' casualty list was confined to cars that refused to start while other ; parts of the state faced more ser- j ious problems. Albany listed one Â· unidentified man found frozen in ! a .snowbank. : "Some snow" was reported by I the Associated Press, moving from the western section across the state by tomorrow morning. The weather bureau predicts a rise, in the mercury tonight. Official city reading at 1:30 today was 19 above UN Considers Indian Warfare LAKE SUCCESS, #)--Deadly conflict resulting from partitioning of India last summer comes up in the United Nations today with the security council opening debate on India's charges against her sister dominion, Pakistan, over fighting in Kashmir. Gopalaswami' Ayyangar, Indian minister without portfolio, prepared a 27-page speech detailing his country's complaint and demanding that the council order Pakistan to stop, aiding the tribal invaders of Kashmir. Pakistan was ready to deny the allegations and in turn seek to broaden the discussions to cover all differences between the two dominions. Fighting has been going on in Kashmir, a princely state in the northernmost area, almost since the paritioning of British India along Hindu-Moslem lines last Aug. 15. Approximately 77 per cent of Kashmir's 4,000,000 people are Moslem, ruled until recently by a Hindu mararajah, Sir Hari Singh. He requested affiliation with the dominion of India and New Delhi agreed pending a plebiscite under conditions to "be specified. That move touched off the fighting. India considers Kashmir a part of her territory, at least provisionally, while Pakistan insists that the state remains independent and thus subject to affiliation with either dominion. which substantiates the weather : bureau's prediction for tonight. I The unofficial 40 below report j' came from the Henry Norman Dewey Urges Support Of 'March oi Dimes' ALBANY, (--Â· Governor Dewey today urged publi'c support of the "March of Dimes" campaign to raise at least $30,000,000 in the fight against infantile paralysis. The governor noted that the polio'rate had increased "definitely" in the last five years and costs of medical care and treatment had "risen tremendously with the progress of inflation." The national foundation for in- fanlile paralysis is conducting the drive. Late Bulletins RALEIGH, N. C., /P--Josephus Daniels, Raleigh publisher, died *t 1:35 p. m. today. He wits 85 years old. HOBOKEN. N. .1., /P--An explosion in the empty tanker Elks Hills ripped a 50-foot gash in thf large ocean-going vessel today but caused no injuries Â»mong repair Â«rewÂ» worklnpt ?n the ship at the TMd Shipyards drydock. reading at Potsdam was minus 24. Owls Head, traditional icebox of the Adjrnndacfos, reported minus "287' Saratoga Springs registered a four-year record of 22.5 below. The warmest spot was New York City, where the mercury dropped over-night to 8.9 above, lowest this winter. Other below-zero temperatures: Canton and Ticonderoga, 20; Elmira, 18; Utica, 17; Oneonta, 16; Poughkeepsie, 15; Rome and Glens Falls, 14; Malpne, 13; Cortland, 12; Fort Plain, 11; Newburgh, 10; and. Syracuse and Rochester, 2. Wife of Senator Included on New Grain Trade List both state and local, swearing they are not now and.never have been members of the Communist party "or any. organization advocating or teaching the overthrow of the U. S. government by force." McMullen, a Brooklyn Republic can, said: "Charges have been made ihat there are Communists in our teaching positions and in the New York City welfare department. "W;e know that reds have infiltrated both these bureaus as well as other departments of the state and municipal government x x x. "Out In Open" iiv'e. ele- National Would Nee4 to Spend Billions for Be* fense Forrestal Says WASHINGTON. VP--Tjro.of'inV nation's top defense chiefs tola- Congress today that substituting a strong United States'; ajnned fqr-c$ for the European recovery plan would be only an "armed armistice" and may mean drafting men- for military service. ";.'-?. Senate and house committees conducting hearings on. the proposed Marshall plan for aid ta Europe heard: .: 1. Secretary of the Army Roy.aji testified before the senate foreign relations committee that the alternative to the recovery plan is "going back to the draft" unless- nieans can be found to increase' voluntary enlistments not 'now "producing the manpower' we need." Â· ; 2. .Secretary of Defense Forrestal teU the house foreign affairs coim- mittee that creation of a strong l defense force would be a "fa!lai' j oiis" substitiSe for the aid tfrftr gram arid would mean only ;an "armed armistice." ;: --^Forrestal said, such a niewe would fail to "accomiflish the obi jectives of international economic? restoration and stability and tiSafr its cost might approximater $ttv 000,000,000 (billion) annually odhj- pared with a current national de* fehse budget of $11.100,6oO;o'00. '-' Prevention of War V. "Creating this power would-'lh^, volve mobilization of so mttciutif pur money and manpower; las" $Â£*' deny ourselves economic .security;''. Forrestal said. He emphasized that the objective of the aid program "is the prevention, pjL war" arid should no.t be considered "a threat against ' 2 Die, 8 Hurt In LITTLE ROCK, Â£--Two persons were killed and at least eight others injured today when two Rock Island trains collided headon at the western outskirts of Little Rock. Dead were W..L. Martin, about 58, North Little Rock, engineer of a westbound passenger train, and an unidentified Negro woman passenger. Martin was scalded to death in the cab of his locomotive. Grady Herr, Little Rock, engineer of an eastbound freight train, suffered severe burns and G. W. May, 26, North Little Rock, Herr's fireman, suffered the loss of his right leg below the knee. J. C. McDaniel, Martin's fireman, received minor lacerations about the head. Both firemen jumped from their locomotives just before the impact. Transport Planes Speed Evacuation Of Missionaries CHENGCHOW, CHINA. ff) -Transport planes sped the evacuation of missionaries from this Communist-menaced center today. Civil war fighting, however, hid the fate of an unknown number of Americans and others who had sought safety in Laohokow to the southwest . Four have been killed in recent days--three of them slain by armed Chinese who shouted "Americans must die!" and the fourth was fatally injured by a grenade explosion in Communist - government fighting. As missionaries and other foreigners gathered at the busy Chengchow airport, one American said the spread of civil warfare and of anti-foreign sentiment had convinced him: "...it's time for us all to get out of China again." (There are more than 500 in danger spots, mission leaders said.) WASHINGTON, i--The "Mrs. Edith Thomas" turned up on a new list of 5,651 cotton traders today as senators investigating commodity speculation -continued their study of transactions by Senator Elmer Thomas (D-Okla). The senator's wife is named Edith. When .the same name appeared on a similar list last week Thomas said his wife has her own money and trades in commodities. He said he, too, has dealt in stocks and commodities -but has never used any "inside" government information. Mrs. Thomas declined to com- j ment. I Later Thomas furnished a senate j appropriations subcommittee. head- jed by Senator Ferguson (R-Mich) with a memorandum of his own trading. Asked by newsman today whether the committee will invite '.Thomas to appear/as, a witness, Ferguson replied: "All I 'can say is that we are studying the memorandum." The committee 'has taken secret testimony from several men who said -they were commodity traders and friends of Thomas. Asked Â·whether they will appear at public hearings later, Ferguson replied "we do not announce the names of witnesses unless we are going to hold an open hearing." The only open hearing now scheduled is on Jan. 23, when Republican presidential aspirant Harold E. Stassen and Edwin W. Pauley, special assistant to Secretary if the Army Royall, are slated to be heard. The committee made public yes] terday the record of its closed door investigation of trading by John Kerr Rose, a Library of Congress employe who helped write 'a world food report for the special house committee on foreign aid headed by Rep. Herter (R-Mass). Rose said he made a dozen or more transactions in .the commod- j ity markets in 1947, most of them in oats futures, and he said he suffered a net loss of Sl.744.75. SAFEST CITY BATAVIA, # -- Police Chief Forrest A. Gray believes this city of about 18,000 must be one of the .safest of its size his annual report shows there was not a violent death of any kind in the city during 1047, "Jaycee Week" Set By 'Governor Dewey ALBANY, Iff)---Governor Dewey today proclaimed the week of Jan. 14-21 "Jaycee Week" in recognition of the work of the New York State Junior Chamber of Commerce. He said the activities of the chamber "have .been of particular value in the disturbed years following the end of the war." "As a body and individually its members have cooperated with the government of the state in the fight against inflation," Dewey added. McMullen said he would introduce later in the session a bill to bar Communists from civil serviep positions. "The federal government is contemplating the expenditure of some 20 billion dollars to stem the tide of Communism outside our borders," McMullen said. "We certainly should be in a position to defend ourselves." Earlier this week Republican State Senator Fred A. Young of Lowyille introduced legislation' requiring all state employes, and officials to take a loyalty oath. Demands for legislation hitting at Communists in pupljie employment shared the legislative spotlight today with a renewal of the Democratic fight for more state aid to cities. Favorable Reaction Senator Elmer F. Quinn and Assemblyman I r w i n SteSngut, minority leaders, sai.d in a joint statement that there had been "widespread" favorable reaction to the party's proposals for increased state aid to localities. "This hasibeen particularly true in rural areas whiph have been hard hit by the state's arbitrary action in .mandating increased educational costs without .providing funds for the local communities to carry out the program legislated by the state." the leaders said. They reported they had received many calls and letters of congratulations from municipal officials "in numerous counties' pledging support to the Democratic program. The program, based on proposals made last weekend by the state conference of mayors, will take shape in three bills to be introduced soon. State Would Fay The first, by Assemblyman Philip V. Backowski of Buffalo and Senator Peter J. Dalessandro of Watervliet, would require that any increase in educational costs be borne by the state. The second, to be sponsored by Assemblyman James Lyons of Mpnticello and Dalessandro, would initiate a constitutional amendment prohibiting the state from mandating local expenditures unless it provided funds to finance them. The third would repeal the section of the 1947 permissive local tax law insofar as it earmarks county levies only for education. Assemblyman D-Cady Herrick of Albany and Dalessandro will sponsor it. Meanwhile the citizens public expenditure survey reported that state aid to localities had increased $179,900.000, or 91.4 per cent, since 1936. 800.000.QOQ (^illioni, rfQj-.Othe i Jltsl; 15 months of the recovery^. p^dK "' ""' MEAT INSPECTION ALBANY, (#Â» -- A statewide meat inspection system to prevent sale of unfit meat is sought in a bill introduced in the legislature today by Senator Thomas C. Desmond. ^. TREASURY BEtORT ; WASHINGTON, (^)--The position of the treasury Jan. 13: Receipts, $254,717,070.56; expenditures, $184,415,396.53; balance, $2,643.426.148.94; total debt, $256,542,570,981.84; increase over previous day, $10,781,612.02. Tlie" army, "secretary... .t^fiflfed' yesterday that u'ftless tfi'e recovery plan is accepted, the army 'ani.its budget will have 0. be. Vpif^ai2 and immediately" increased! "''Â· Asked how this can be lished, Royall said: either an increase in voluntary ments, which he said U doubtiruX or "some method of selefitiv ice." -Â· ( - Â· Â·Â·'; Â·Â·Â· Leayea Only Diirft If we assume that vpliijirit listments have not produced;, as many men as necesiry; tliaÂ£ leaves only the draft, Lodge commented. .; ' --.'. ^~'~"^:-Royall replied that this is cw rect . - . ; ' ' . ' 'Â· ',.., ' : .Â·: " -I'- In other words, Lodge said, we have the alternatiye of the European recovery pldtn, or "else going back to the draft." Royall said this -is the "logical conclusion" unless sqnws yrays can be found through uicrtased cp pensation or some Qther- Secretary of Defense ; meanwhile told the houSe affairs committee, the objective ^f the recovery program 'iÂ£--tlie. prevention of war" arid bulcf'fidt be construed as "a threat against any nation.". . .". " ! ' Making his first appearanc* : b*- fore a congressioriaJ committee en the so-called Marshall plan f Qr the economic rehabilitation -of European nations outside the Soviet orbit. Forrestal said: .--"Â·Â·-:' . Not A Threat "Neither this program nor,, ow national defense expenditures ftre designed as a threat against any nation nor as an effort to restrain any nation of to dominate a group of nations." . . Senator Ball (R-Mirm)' predicted Congress will make a "sizable" cut in the Â§6,800,000,000 (billion) asked by the administration for the first 15 months of operation. Ball said Ite thinks most Republican lawmakers share, this view despite Secretary of State Marshall's msisfance that the* amount is a "orecisioh" figure. Democracies Study Red Plan to Smash , European Recovery ' BERLIN, UP)-- British ai)d American officials studied today are- ported corninform scheme-- Identified as "protocol M" -- for smashing the Marsha)! plan and crippling the industrial Ruhr. The antl-cbm- munist German press, which published the alleged Communist program, denounced it as a proposed "putsch." There seemed little inclination in either British or American officials' quarters to doubt the authenticity of the plan. "Protocol M," as published fcf anti-communist newspapers In Berlin today, set out the operational procedure for creating mass strikes in transport and metal industries of western Cer- many "to break the monopolirtk- capitalistic attack of the so-cal!#4 Marshall plan."
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