The Lawton Constitution from Lawton, Oklahoma on August 26, 1963 · Page 3
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The Lawton Constitution from Lawton, Oklahoma · Page 3

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Lawton, Oklahoma
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Monday, August 26, 1963
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Page 3
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Civil Rights Marchers Will See City Of Great Contrasts THE LAWTON CONSTITUTION, Monday, August 26, 1963 EDITOR'S NOTE - The nation's mention focuses Wednesday on Washington when thousands o£ civil righis advocates mass lo dramatize the struggle for Negro j ·iKhls. The city thai awaits them j !s sketched in the following ar-1 jclc. i By STANLEV MK1SLER j WASHINGTON (AP) -- The civil righis marchers may not sec it all, but this is a city nerved by power, lined with marble, vibrant i-ilh areas of beauty and blighted by contrasting areas of squalor. I .It is a city of great monuments ! and slums, of complex law a n d ! petty crime, of history and leth- ' argy, To the 100,000 or more civil ! rights marchers expected here Wednesday, Washington will be a symbol of national power, a capital where men and women petition for redress of grievance. They will gather at the base of the soaring Washington Monument, the center ol a vast complex of greenery and marble, a monument that looks east to the Capitol, north to the White House, west to the Lincoln Memorial and south to the Jefferson Memorial and the Tidal Basin rimmed with cherry trees. Then they will march a few bio down huge avenues and across parklands to the Lincoln Memori al. a temple in the style ot the Parthenon of ancient Greece. Wednesday's March Much Like Gandhi's By JAMES MARLOW Associated Pres News Analyst WASHINGTON CAP) -- The Supreme Court set equal treatment back by more than half a century when, in 1896. 'it ruled 7 I it was constitutional lo segregate w crowd is bigger, the waU shorter, j SQ , as thev ^ equal but Wednesdays m a s s i « o v i l i This WM a ' contradic . nghts march w Washington has the same symbolic purpose as Segregation by ' meant 'inequality. Mohandas Gandhi s unforgettable : · soil march to the sea in 1930. i let. as early as 191, the court Gandhi was 51 then. With a loin- began undoing what it had done cloth and a cane and TS followers in lS9b. It outlawed a LOUISVI e he marched 2-11 miles to the sea ordinance which established while in 21 davs lo inspire his people and Negro residential districts. to protest British rule and more | Bit by bit over the following immediately to a British' law : years the court banned other which made it a. crime for any | forms of segregation in suits Indian lo have salt he hadn't paid · brought by the National Associ- 1ax on. By Ihe lime he reached j ation for the Advancement ot Col- 1hc sea :housands of Indians had ored People. joined him. | But it wasn't until May 17. 1954, Then on the beach he picked ' when it banned public school seg- up some salt lo'; by ihe waves, gregation, that the court threw Thai was all. After that he with- i out entirely ihe 1S96 opinion by drew. It was enough. Along In- ' declaring thai segregation was | ilia's long seaooast thousands of ; unconstitutional. Indians waded into ihe water with ! Nevertheless, the South has pans and helped themselves to : fought school desegregation so salt illegally. ' adamantly ihat today, nine years !t was iheir way of showing . later, less than S per cent of Ne- they were fed up. They got their · gro school children in the souih freedom bin not for another 17 j go to desegregated schools. That years. · has been a slow, painful road. The march here will cover no ' Suddenly a Negro seamstress more t h a n a mile between the ; and a few Southern Negro leaders \Vashingion Monument and the i speeded up the whole pace ot de- Lincoln Memorial but perhaps ' segregation, oven if the schools 300,000 people, white and Negro. : lagged. The woman was Rosa will lake pan. 'Parks ot Montgomery'. Ala. It will be notice in a gigantic · On Dec. 1, 1953 she was ar- ·way i ha i Negroes are fed up wi;h rested for refusing to move to t h e the injustice of discrimination and back of a bus. A Negro Pullman segregation inflicted on ihem poner, E, D. Nixon, called the through all American history. Rev. Mr. King that night and More immediately it is nonce said "we have taken this kind of 1hey want Congress to pass a civ- thing too long already." il righis bill. He proposed that Montgomery Only a few Indians shared . Negroes boycott alt buses. The These are the symbols of government and beauly and history that draw almost 5 million, tourists to Washington each year. But Washington has other faces, loo. In the last decade, Washington has become the only major city in the nation that has more Negroes lhan whiles. During these years, 200,000 whites have rushed into ihe-nearly all-white suburbs ot Virginia and Maryland. Their places have been laken by Negro migrants from Ihe South, many forced into slums. A rise · in crime has come at the same time, Although the crime has received wide and often lurid publicity, it differs little from crime rates in olher big cities pi America. Washington is ninth in size wilh a population of 784,000 but 13th in crime rate- Some obseivers see signs 6[ discontent among Ihe city's Negroes s.nd evidence of rising tension . between Ihe races. Last Thanksgiving, a riot, bristling with racial overtones, erupted at the high school championship football game. Negroes say there is job discrimination in the city and housing'discrimination in its suburbs. The people who live in Washington do not rule themselves. They now have the right lo vole for president but. since the ISTOs, they have not been allowed lo elect their local officials. The ultimate power lies in the hands of Congress -- specifically in the committees that handle District of Columbia money and problems. Most of these committees are ruled by Southerners. Some residents say_ these congressmen have no sympathy for a 57 per ceht Negro city with integrated schools and restaurants and stores. As they drive through the cily, the demonstrators will see very little industry, and il is industry that usually yields mass tax revenue for a city, To make up for this, Congress appropriates a lump sum each year and hands it lo the city, The cily always complains it is far less than [he amount that would Dow in if federal property were taxable. The marchers likely will find a hoi and muggy cily on Wednesday. That's- usually the way of the city in late August. In 1805, Rufu's King, a senator, said. "No one. from the North or the high country of the South, can pass the ! months of August and September there without intermittent or bilious fever." Like India's New Delhi and j Brazil's Brasilia, Washington is a i city created as a capital, with no other reason /or life. It does not have die vitality and culture of Paris or London or Rome or even Mexico City. Washington has had many episodes of demonstrators marching on the city and pleading for special causes. None has been as large as Wednesday's march promises to be. Some have ended in violence. In 189-1. "General" Jacob Sechler Coxcy of Massillon, Ohio, announced a march on Washington. The nation was in a depression, and Coxey wanted '.he federal government to print 55QG million in paper money and put the unemployed to work building roads, Coxey said 300,000 would march with him, but only -1DO came when j he did show up on April 29, Cox- | ey's army marched up Pennsyl- j vania Avenue to Ihe Capitol Ihe next day. Thousands ol spectators j watched. j Coxey and his me.-i tried to march on Capitol grounds. Police, : using clubs, stopped them. Coxey i and others later were arrested and jailed for walking on the Capitol grass and waving banners, In 1S32, al the height of the depression, 20.000 World War I veterans descended on Washington and demanded t h a t Congress pass a bill giving immediate bonuses to veterans. The veterans were put up in some abandoned buildings on Pennsylvania Avenue and in a camp in Anacostia flats. The house passed a bill providing the REAL ESTATE LOANS FHA-Gl-Convenllonal Prompt direct service. Oklahoma Mortgage Company Security Bank Bide, EL 5-6212 Law-Inn Council t2S7 KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS MEETS 2ND A N D 4 T H TUESDAYS 8 P.M. K OF C HALL 7119 I l i l l l o p Drive Speci.il Welcome lo Visiting Members For Informnlion fill EL3-3IK3 SUBSCRIPTION RATES Second cLiss POSUIRP pild .11 Umlon. Okla. (Payable In Advance) CARRIER SERVICE IN LAWTON AREA (Per McnlhJ Mornlnj; Press .'.· Sunday SI.55 Constlfjiton £ Sunday 51.55 C o n s t i t u t i o n Prrss · Surdny S2.50 Monday Cons:l!uLion ( r n l y per copy .05c (Delivered Lo Press Subscribers) Sjilurday Preps (only) per copy . -05c (Delivered to Const. Subsc.-lhcrsJ M/UL SUBSCRIPTIONS CoTnftnche. Coltor.. TlHi^nn. Klown, Cnd- do. Cr^dy. Slcpr.cns. Jcl/crson tint JccK- *on CounUcs I bonuses. But President Herbert l Hoover said he would veto it, and ; Ihe Senate then rejected it. Two months after ihe bonus army arrived, the government ordered the men ou: of the Pennsylvania Avenue buildings. A riot broke out, antrlwo veterans were killed. Hoover then ordered the U.S. Army to clear the bonus i marchers out of Washington, I Under the command ol Gen, Douglas MacArthur, using tanks and tear gas, the Army evacuated the bonus seekers from Washington. But such turbulence is rare in the quiet solidity of the capital's marble monuments and the serenity of its parks. Conn:, ft Sunday Yr. 3 Mo. i Mo. I 5.10 .157 l.'-'S! S.IS 5.1D 3.57 1.2S Cnnsl Press Sun. 1S.S II. 22 5. SI 3.06 j n.il.incc In OW.lilom.t £ L.iv.ton P.O. Boxes Cons:. Ci Sundny S1-I.2S :.16 S.'.O 1.7S , Press Sunday H.2? S.16 5.10 L73 ' Consu Press £-'Su.n TI.-N 15.30 S.15 3.67 '' OntxUIr Oklnhomn ' C.'onsl. Sundny S1S.3* lO.'JO 6.12 13! I Prcw i Sunday 15.36 10.20 6.12 2.35 Con;. Press /L- Sun. 30.60 :o.JO U.22 5.10 ' Sunc/Hy Ccinslliuilon-Presi f n n l \ - i yr. 7.P5 i 'Less lhan : ycar'i subscription. 20c per | ct.-py plui l.'i.x. ) Prices Include 2 Per Cen: S.ln'.cs Sal Burial Insurance Sold by Mail . . . You may be qualified for 51,000 life insurance . . , so you will not burden your loved ones with funeral and other expenses. This NEW policy is especially helpful lo iho.se between -10 and 90. No medical examination necessary. OLD LINE LEGAL RESERVE LIFE INSURANCE . . . No agent will call on you. Free information, no obligation. Tear out this ad right now. . . . Send your name, address and vear of birth 10: Central Security Life Insurance Co., Dept. M-S27, MIS West Rosedal, Fort Worth -1, Texas. Adv. Gandhi's dodicatio» 10 ihe belief Rev. Mr. that jusiice could be obtained by bought this non-violent means. But millions listened when he preached H and not always were blood King and others idea of direct, non- tried lo practice it. successfully. There baths. In this country, the Rev. Martin Lmhcr King Jr., a disciple of Gandhi and probably the most violent resistance, For a year | Montgomery Negroes stayed o f f ' LAUNCH VEHICLE FOR MOON Little Joe II launch vehicle, that will power the initial flight tests of the Apollo moonshoot program command section, rests on platform at White Sands, N. Mex.. for sosrepation. Next year nine children were kepi out of a Little Rock school. The federal government widely known Negro leader, h a s . sent in troops, preached non-violence, too. N c ; Mrs. Parks, the nine children, crocs have not always listened ; the government's support, and and sometimes responded 10 vio- Ihe realization o[ what could be knee with violence. ; done by direct and collective ac- No doubt thrrc will be more o-[ : lion inspired the Negocs. On Feb. il before discrimination is ended. 1. I960 Negroes moved in a new Because Indians loved Gandhi so ' direction. Four of them, college students. iMumi:vijiLi v iui;iw;, ftirt^iru uu .. j .. . ,· j .. , i · i m, - i the buses. Then, on Nov. 13. 1956 : expected start of tests this week. The two-section launch the Supreme Court ruled ou'i bus \ vehicle, 29 feet tall and 13 feet in diameter, is powered by seven solid-fueled motors that ignite simultaneously and produce 310,000 pounds of thrust It will lift dummy models and a flight model of the Apollo command section 30,000 feet in a test of vehicle's flig-ht worthiness. The Apollo program alms to carry three men to the area of the moon, land two of them on the surface, and return all three to earth sometime before 1970. ACCUSES XASSKR WASHINGTON (UPII - Sen. Kenneth B. Keating, R-N. V., wauls Congress lo take a "close look" al Arab activities Middle East and Egypt widely and because he was Ihe symbol o: Iheir hopes, he could began a sit-in at a white lunch persuade them to end violence by counter. Sit-ins spread through threatening to fast unto death. ihe South. So did demonstrations. American Negroes have no such In 1961 more than 1.000 whites single leader or rally point. In and Ncprrocs took part in freedom (voling more aid lo the fact, the Negro leadership is s p l i t ' r i d e s led by the Conp-css of Ra-JArab Republic (UAR). although the various groups are' cial Equality. · -- joining forces for the march here. ; By then Negroes had grown im- Thcy will no doubt be divided patient with the NAACP which again when the march is over, i had relied so long, and success- The Washington march cannot . fully, on seeking progress through be credited to the inspiration o(. court action, a single individual. It has deep ! Negro demonstrations piled up roots, watered for centuries b y ' until this year, after racial ex- white Americans who hugged j plosions in Birmingham and their racial prejudice and for i Jackson. Miss., President Ken- j in the before United O'CO.VNOK IIOSPITAI.IZKI) R1VERHEAD, N.Y. (API-Basil O'Connor, president of (he National Foundation - March of Dimes, remained in fair condition today ai Central Suffolk Hospital where he is being I rented for an ncule lican condition. O'Connor, 71. suffered a heart atlack Saturday. history ex- ncdy sent Congress a stronger ] civil righis program than any; in the last president has offered in 100 years. I much of American ploitcd Negroes. It has been only nine yeans that Negroes have i li's loo restrained to suit many learned they could hasten equal ' Negroes. But Wednesday's dem- .treatment and the righis guaran-1 onstrators will be pressuring Con- Iced them only through direct and | gress for this program by their collective action. i presence In Washington. Need back-to-school cash? Get an HFC Shopper's Loan Shop now for the best dothing values. Pay for books, tuition, supplies. Borrow confidently from the oldest and largest company--HFC. Borrow up to $2500 Keating said Sunday in a radio- j television broadcast on New York ; stations that UAR President Ga- : mal Abdel Nasser was trying lo j inflame feeling against Israel i through his propaganda cflons. j A R T S T U D E N T S One Stop for All Supplies LYONS' HOBBY ART CENTER Cliche H1. Sq. EL 5-S7S7 1 i [ l 1 ' i C O M I N G . . . S O O N "20-Year Warranty Homes" Watch For Them! with up to 36 months to repay Ask nboul Crcdic Life and Disability Insurance at group rate on loans above $300 HOUSEHOLD FINAN tOANS AOVE S300 ftADE BY HOUSEHOLD FINANCE AND THRIFT CORP. OF IAWTON, INC. LAWTON OFFICE 324 D Avenue PHONE: Elgin 7-1686 , ·Hours: Won., Tues., Wed., Fri. 10 lo 6-Thur. 10 to 8-S«t 9 te BOOT ii FASHIONABLLSHOES.: Choose From The Largest Collection of Famous Brand Shoes In The Southwest! SAVE 25% TO 50% ON EVERY PAIR! MEN'S SIZES 6-14. 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