EDITORIALS OF Brita 'Incidentally, boss, How did that Teach Â» In work out?' rnasr Page Greenville, Miss., Thursday, June 3, 1965 How They DU It la Rankin County Bankin County and Brandon in particular showed how it ought to be done last week. Civil rights groups worked up a freedom march to protest various grievances as they saw them. The march went on for two days, winding through a county which has seen church - burnings in the past and which has its share of radical segregationists of the bomb 'em now variety. So what happened? Certainly not what has been seen in Selma and ;on the road to Montgomery. Nor ;Â°even- what has been going on in Bogalusa.' Instead the marchers were given full " protection by state and local authorities on their inarch, then .were received courteously in Brandon and at the county courthouse there. As the New York Times_.reporter wrote: "T h e seemingly irreslislable civil rights movement ran into an immovable wall of official kindness in this central Mississippi town today." The story was buried well within the Times Sunday paper. If it had been the more usual kind of story, it would have been page one copy. There are still those who are quite willing to provide that kind of copy. But they didn't down in Rankin County, and it should be noted. That it is also n matter of basic decency and the observance of constitutional rights, as well as smart tactics, should not be overlooked. We may travel strange roads, and travel for strange reasons, but little by little we arc approaching the place we should have been long ago. Graduation Footnote High school commencement is a proud occasion, a landmark on the difficult road to adulthood. It is also a jpyous occasion and deserves to'be recognized with festivities. We :ap}plaud the graduates and their parents of Greenville and Leland-for carrying out this spirit in the recent graduation night activities. Parents of the graduates spent much time and considerable planning in carrying out a long evening of healthy, well-supervised entertainment. This has not been so In many communities where commencement night has been an excuse for Guest Editorial drinking, carousing and predatory activities often ending in tragedies. Police in our two communities had not a single complaint during the entire period of festivities. Any parent knows that to do his job well requires much time, work, worry and thoughtful consideration, but that all the bother pays off in an adult willing and able to accept his responsibilities. The main ingredients that made graduation night a memorable one for the whole community were the parents' hard work and concern and the graduates' maturity as they took their first step into the adult world. The Best Men WASHINGTON, May 29-- Very little that makes sense has been said about the Sonny Liston-Mu- hamma'd Ali affair the other night since Sonny, after lumbering around under hot floodlights for ninety. seconds, assumed a restful positlofi oh the canvas and listened to cash registers jingle until somebody counted him out. Some of the most curious criticism has;;Come from the people who want boxing abolished. They contend that the Ali-Liston affair clinches their argument, but it is hard to see how. For years the abolitionists have based this case on the argument that boxing leaves men maimed, and sometimes r!ea"d..for public amusement. ;,'-...*Â· .* * Vai : Sonny went off to collect his $600,000, he was unbruis- ed, and during his brief period in the ring he had not taken enough exercise to wind an octogenarian with cardiac trouble. Equally unconvincing were the complaints from the sporting set, whose members sighed that the affair had been "bad for boxing." These gentlemen show a weak grasp not only of recent boxing history, but also of what boxing is all about. The record is convincing. When a heavyweight championship ex- hibltibrv is in the air, no matter how quickly one party assumes the restful position, the "fans" can be relied upon to provide a million - dollar gate for the next show. In recent years, Jersey Joe Walcott has had himself counted out in the first round, and Floyd Patlerson has done it twice without reducing the faith of the "fans." The "fans", it should now be clear, are blessed with an impregnable gullibility. They would probably not .believe it if told lhat there '.was no" Saiita Clans. * * * THUS, it would seem that the Ali-Liiston affair was. in fact, good for boxing. It proved again I h a t boxing can be entertaining and financially rewarding without anyone's being hurt in the ring. Sonny and Muhammad have brought boxing into the twenlieth century -- fat purse and no public savagery. (How that fat purse will be split in private, and how savagely, are other matters.) They have done for boxing what Paris has done for woman's fashion. They have made the public pay through tht nose for the charm of being bilked. The male who paid $7 to watch Sonny's two- minute shuffle on television may have cried "Fake!" but he gol his money's worlh in indignation alone. Birchites Have Launched Campaign Frenzy In Wake Of Big Defeat Diitribultd by Xing Ftohire* Syndicate j Backgrounder From Administration! On Clay-Liston Fight's Fiasco! In trfc same way, women for years have heen paying $700 for Paris gowns foisted upon them as the ultimate in feminine chic only to discover that, next year, the ultimate has become the living end. These regular annual betrayals have not disillusioned the women, and there is no reason why they should embitter the men. Sonny and Muhammad have simply applied the modern principle of chic to the manly art. ("I was there! I paid $7. I tell you it was a fake!") * * * BEST OF all, they have saved the savage crowd from itself. One of the most telling arguments against boxing used to be that it debased the spectator, Like Cali- gula come to the Coliseum to watch butchery, the boxing spectator has been painted as a depraved citizen who lakes his pleasure from seeing men beaten senseless. This criticism has been heightened by the fact that fighters have usually come from the hungry classes and were risking their brains for the titillation of the overfed. It can be highly corrupting to be so overfed that you have to pay two hungry boys to beat each other to keep you from yawning. Muhammad and Sonny saved the crowd from all this. Some critics of their encounter have called their show a farce. They are wrong. There was nothing funny about the main characters. It was a morality play in which two of life's losers -- the exploited _ t u r n the tables and exploit their exploiters. * Â« * WHAT WAS funny was the wounded fury of the mob. Believing in Santa Clans. Head f u l l of childish notions about the clash of good and evil. Duped by a pair of canny codgers who, except for rare musculature and reflexes, would have been doomed to toil for peanuts at a shoeshlne stand or cracking skulls on the picket line. Liston did it with considerable dignity. He took their money and left quietly, without ever breathing hard. M u h a m m a d , u n f o r t u n - ately, jawed too much afterward to be really impressive. If he were a politician he would be called a gas-bag, but the gas will probably lure hack the "fans" another day. Good for boxing. A toast lo Sonny, and another to Muhammad. Thty were the only participants in the whole thing who emerged unscathed in dignity as well as hide. -- (Russell Baker, New York Times) WASHINGTON -- There is a tendency in Washington for important officials to hold background sessions with the press. These meetings are held ostensibly to clue in the newspaper on American policy, but w h a t they arc really held for is lo just i f y Administration actions, no matter how badly they turn out. Having attended some of these backgrounders, 1 can't help wondering how a high Administration official might have presented the government's case for last week's Sonny Lis- tcn-Cassius Clay fight. A TM*|orler starls the back- groumier. "Sir. do you consider the Liston-Clay fight the disaster that Ihe newspapers have indicated it was." * * * "NO, WE don't. I think the newspaper reporters on t h e scene have been talking to the wrong people -- since they are there, Ihcy tend to get caught up in the hysteria of the moment. Washington doesn't consider the Clay-Lislon fight a disaster at nil. It went more nr less according fo the way we thought it would." "The rumor is, "sir," another reporter said, "that the Aclmin- islration was caught by surprise when Ihe figlit ended in the first round. The CIA had predicted it would go at least 10 rounds and possibly 12." "This is nut exactly true. We knew (here was a fight cooking and we knew it would take place sometime this month, hut we weren'l snre exactly when it would begin or how long it would last. As a mailer of fact, our people hnd talked lo both Clay and Liston and tried (o persuade them it would be againsl (heir best interests to fight. "We couldn't talk them out of fighling, so we decided to send in a Marine color guard lo protect Robert Gould when lie sang 'The Star-Spangled Banner." * * * "A STORY indicaled l h a t at the beginning of Ihe fight the Slate Department was supporting Sonny Liston, but when they realized he didn't have a chance, they shifted their support to Clay." "We categorically deny this. The Slate Department remained neutral, and our only role was lo keep the fighting from getting out of hand. I don't believe anyone can deny the fighting was kept to a minimum and a great deal of bloodshed was avoided. Our critics have failed to mcnlion this." "Sir, could you comment on the role that referee Joe Walcott played in the fight? There has been talk that he panicked when Liston was knocked down." "We feel Mr. Walcott did a magnificent job in a very difficult situation and we felt at ihe lime lhat he had no choice hut lo do what he felt was necessary to slop Ihe fighling. Remember, (here were extremist elements involved in this fight and the United Slates could not a l l o w llicm to lake over." * * * " D O E S THE United States prefer Clay to I.islon as (he world champion?" "It is nnt for us lo decide what kind of heavyweight champion the people should have. But we have lo deal with Clay whether we like it or not. No matter wiiat you may think about Clay, he is anti-Communist." "The first reports from t h e fight, sir, indicated that Liston had been knocked out by a left. Later reports said it was a right lo (he jaw. Why didn't the Administration clarify this?" "Once again I feel you people have been taken in by the newspapermen on the scene. We still believe it was a left, though we can't prove it." * + # "THERE IS a report that Cassius Clay may fight again in the near future. What is the Ad- ministralion doing lo prevent this?" "We've asked the Organization of American Boxing Commissioners to prevent any future fights. If llrey are unable to deal with it we will probably send in the 82nd Airborne Division, under a Brazilian general, of course." (This column was written by Jack Anderson.) BOSTON -- Almost any evening, Robert Welch, Ihe high panjandrum of the John Birch So- ciely, can be found in the quiet of his book-lined study in Bcl- mor.t. Mass,, his feet sheathed in slippers, his gray liead bent over a map of the world. The map presents the nations in varying shades of reds and pinks, denoting the degree of Communist control. "Even the m o s t right-wing dictatorships are colored light pink. Welch regards it as his messianic mission to change the map to a politically pure white, which unaccountably he now assigns only to Western Samoa. To achieve this Communist free map, Welch not only intends to preach the John Birch gospel across America but beyond the seas. Already the missionary work has begun. From documents available only to the society's inner circle, this column can reveal lhat he h a s made significant headway. * * * RECRUITS ARE signing up in record numbers in this country, and the first converts have been made- overseas. Chapters reportedly are organizing in Australia, Brazil, and South Afi- ca. Welch lias seized u p o n an event that has demoralized most other deerxlyed conservatives: the smash-up of B a r r y Goldwater's presidential bandwagon. The day after the elec- tin, Welch began grinding a new slogan through his propaganda mill: "Now will you join the Jchn Birch Society?" He has capitalized on the despair of the conservatives, offering them an outlet for their frustration and a goal for the future. Through his right-wing channels, he has distributed thousands of bumper sticker, proclaiming: "26,000,000 Americans Can't Be Wrong!" and "Barry in '68." To those who hearken to the call, he peddles his politics of conspiracy. He has ono simple answer for all setbacks: "Treason's The Reason." He sees this country ( a deep pink on his map) as virtually taken over by the Communist conspiracy. To combat it, he has launched a frenzied counter-conspiracy which lie would now like to broaden to bring in respectable conservatives. * * Â» OUT OF Ihe ashes of November, he hopes lo build a militant, conservative movement dedicated to fighling liberalism. He is aware that lo attract conservatives less extreme than himself, the John Birch Society has to refurbish ils public image. His new line of persuasion has become more plausible, less fanatic. He no longer suggests that "Milton Eisenhower is actually Dwight Eisenhower's superior a n d boss within the Communist party." This passage has now been amended to read "boss within the whoic left wing establishment." Where once the society shunned publicity, it now seeks the limelight. The press, once beyond the pale, is courted. The society has been buying newspaper ads, including a l-page color supplement which has appeared in some of the nation's largest newspapers. * * Â» LOCAL LEADERS are also coming out of seclusion to defend their views in public. During a Kansas City debate, the Rev. R o b e r t . Hatch, a local Birch bigwig, declared t h a t while the society "is extremist -- extremely patriotic -- it is not a hate group but a love group." This brought a retort from the Rev. Allen Hingston that the JBS Is a "one-man society" dominated by Robert Welch. "If Mr. Welch tomorrow decided to wage war on marshmallows," said Father Hingston, "the members of the society would have no choice but to follow." Behind ihe political plastic surgery, has Ihe face of the John Birch Society really changed? NOT AT all, Robert Welch, the retired candy manufactur- er, is still the same slightly man with the sour soul. He goes through the motions of consulting an executive council, but his word is still the unchallenged dogma of Ihe sociely. An insider, who would not permit his name to be used, confessed to this column: "Welch pulls all the strings. He decides, for example, whether a senator or congressman should be defeated. A discussion might follow, but it will concern only tha ways and means. Welch makes all the decisions." There is room at the top for no one else. His own writings have put it even more bluntly:! "The John Birch Society will operate under completely authoritative control at all levels. No collection of debating societies is ever going to stop tha Communist conspiracy . . . tha men who join the John Birch Society are going to be doing so primarily because they believe in me and what I am doing and arc willing to accept my leadership." Welch scoffs at Democracy, which he has called "a deceptive phrase, a weapon of demc- goguery and a perennial fraud." He believes the only way fo fight communism is to get down to the Communist level, to fight plot with counler-plot, to oppose one monolithic society. with another. Welch commands a disciplined following who -- like Ihe reds they profess to hale -blacklist isliopkccpers, intimidate school boards, decide what books shall be on library shelves, bully local editors. N o b o d y knows how many Birchile boycotts have succeeded, or how many lives and careers have been damaged by t h a t oilier Birchile techniqua also borrowed from the Communists, of the smear letter and the deadly whisper. NOTE: John Birch chapters have standing orders, for example, to bombard newspaper! with letters denouncing D r e w Pearson. -3m*KSa Outlwk Cotton Measurers Carry Heavy jLoad With Revamped Requirements^ AJmanac -.^^ fzzs ";*-Â·? yiy By United Press International Today is Thursday, June 3, the IHlh day of 1965 with 211 10 follow. The moon Is approaching its first quarter. The morning star is Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy during Ihe Civ- 11 War, was born on this day in 1808. On Ihis dny In history: In 1940, the Allied evacuation of Dunkirk, France, which began on May 28, was completed. In 1963, Pope John XXIII died at the age of 81 after a lengthy illness. Along the dusty turnrows of Mississippi's cotton fields, a significant but largely unheralded change in the o!d status quo is underway. It is cotton measuring time in Mississippi. In the cotton growing areas of the state a small army of school teachers, college students and other part time summer workers are beginning the annual job of checking to see if farmers have overplanted their acreage allotment under the federal farm program. * * * THE difference in Ihe situation this year is that workers employed hy local county units ot the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (AC- CS) are operating this year under a s t i f f new directive on Yet Another Propaganda Film On China HOODING CARTER Editor and Publisher HOODING CARTKH III JOHN T. GIRSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager "FOR THE FIRST TIME . . . THE REAL CHINA CAN BE SEEN! The only major film ly nn American or British producer since the Communist Revolution. Felix Greene's CHIN'A! In spectacular color." Human blood, which is a speclacular red, dnes not. however, show up in Ihis new documentary l h a t opened in New York on May 25, ar.d is on its way to make Ihe propaganda rounds. Its thesis? Why -- lo use Ihe apt derision of one of t h e British journalists who accompanied Clement Attlee o n h i s Polemkin t o u r through China a decade ago -- Ilint "there are no flies in China." That was the satirical title given to a book which expressed contempt for tlic Red Chinese equivalent of Mussolini's famous bonsl lhat he had made the trains in lialy run on lime. Aboul Ihe movie, there is not much unc-x|x^c[cd lo say. It is good professional propaganda fare. II anyone desired lo dn :i historical documentary of Hitler Germany depicting it as a wildly exciting place lo live in -- full of energy and joy! -- we would find Ihe producer of this movie, Mr. Felix Greene, Ini.illy qualified 10 manipnlale the prisms. He would Know how lo avoid those unsettling aspects of Hitler's regime which, because the free world had net the bcnciit of a Grecne-lype view of the country, caused us lo go lo war to end that hideous regime. The propaganda movie is full of tha joy of discovery. In Red China, "every morning t h e streets are cleaned -- fsll t h e streels." Imagine! And an Shour day is "standard Ihrojgh- oul China." Marvelous. Want to Chrisli.ini/e in China? "Every large cicy has ils Christian church." Dominus vnbiscum, Mao. t * * FELIX GHEEN'E has teen at this kind of thing, in behalf of Red China, for roiile a while. In 1561 he published a piece of Red Chinese flackery called "Awakened China." "I knew something," he wrole, "iif Iho suffering and blotxlshert thai h a d accompanied Ihe hinh of this new China. Bui all Ihis seemed trivial in the li;;hl of (he accomplishments that I cou!d see aruund me wherever I went." Just the impression one gels of ihe G r e a l Pyramid, is it nol? Trivial lhal Â·10,000 slaves spent Ihoir lives creating il. The oulhor. lo (|iio!e Iht publisher's blurb, "a I s o found t h e cicy lo be extremely clean, with almost no flies." Absolutely amazing what y o u can do if you slaughter 25 million people (the figures are the result of researches by the AFL- CfO), enslave 700 million people (the figures are the World Almanac's), and wreck the peace of a continent (the figures are the morticians' oi Tibet, Korea, South Vietnam, and Laos). Who is this gentleman, so impressed by the fact that there arc fewer flics in China lhan slavemasters? Felix Green's newest book, "A Curtain of Ignorance." is advertised at a reduced price in the journal Far East Reporter, whose editor, M a u d Russell, was identified as a Communist in sworn teslimony before a Congressional Commit- le. The relationship between Ihe author and the editor is not the plalonic one between a bookseller and a slray auilwr: Mr. Greene spoke al Ilic 701h birthday dinner honoring Mami Russell in 19CX He is an Englishman who lives in t h e United States, served lime as an official of I!BC and appears regularly lo visit China, where he has interviewed Mao Tsc-tung. + Â· * THE MOVIE he has produced v.'.ns financed, lo jwlge from the credit line, by the Louis M. Rab- inowilz' Foundation. The head nf which, Victor R., is a lawyer who filed in 1950 nn amicus curiae brief in behalf of the Communists who were convicted under Ihe Smith Act for the trivial offense of conspiring lo make America like Red China. He counselled Joanne Grant, in 1961, when she invoked Ihe Fifth Amendment before Ihe House Commillee on Un-American Ac- livities. Come to think of it. Victor, whose foundation is tax-ex- empl, also pleaded the F i f t h when asked if he was a Communist. And his dutiful daughter Joni is not a part of that generation that revolts against one's father. She belonged to the F a 11 Play for Cuba Committee, and attended the 8th World Youlh Festival which was Communist Parly dominated. "For some," the movie advertising says, "Ihis film will be an artistic de-light . . . to others, il may be as disturbing as the flight of Ihe first sputnik . . . to all Americans il will be A SHATTERING EYE-OPENER!" Let us hope and pray it will be nothing less than that. I wonder, were there any flics at Bu- search lhat, and give us anotn- chcnwald? Felix should re- er eye-opener... Paul e q u a l employment opportunities. What the government directive amounts fo is a no-nonsense requirement that Ihe percentage of Negroes employed by the federal agricultural agency be equivalent to the percentage of Negro farm population in the county. And what is really significant about the situation is lhat the directive has been implemented by the community and county committees in each of I h e state's 82 counties. The community committment of (he ASCS is about as close to the grass roots as you can get. They are elected by their neighbors to represent them in the administration of the massive government farm programs, and they in turn elect a county committee to carry out farm programs policy and adjust inequi- lies in cotton acreage allotments. The government's directive which called for immediate evidence of equal employment practices for Ihe ASCS program was authored by a hard - nosed North Carolina native, Horace D. Godfrey. GODFREY, as administrator of the ASCS was told by his boss to put the directive into effect after President Johnson in- strucled Secretary of Agriculture Orvillc Freeman to take immediate action throughout the massive USDA to implement Ihe equal employment opportun- ily portion of section VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1351. Mississippi's local commitfecs, made up of whites almost without exception, got Ihe bad news in a series of closed door meetings with state and district officials about a month ago. What ASCS state director C. W. Sullivan of Jackson wanted emphasized lo Ihe local committees was the part of Godfrey's two-p.ige directive which made it clear that if local committees would not or could no! implement the new policies, they would 1Â» replaced by commit- Icemen who would. On the slate level, Sullivan moved immediately to put one Negro on the five-member state ASCS commiitee. In addition, a five man all Negro advisory commillec was set up to represent Ihe Negro farmer's point of view in farm planning in Jackson. "This is a bitter pill for us to swallow," said a commitleeman in a county which has a Negro farm population of about 37 per cent. "But if we fail to come to grips with the problem, it's not going to go away. It will just be turned over to someone else who may make things even worse," he said. THIS reaction is the significant aspect of the change lhat has come to the government farm agency in the deep South. And the reaction marks a change in Ihe thinking of Mississippians of the grass roots caliber of community ASCS commitleeman who evidently feel lhat the traditional "never - never" approach to this type of problem in Mississippi is simply not good enough. The toppling of this 80 year- old sacred cow, at least among the ASCS people, raises t li e question of how this might affect the political climate of the state when another big election year rolls around. Implementing Godfrey's tough directive has been difficult in many counties, especially those like Madison and Leflore where the Negro farm population is far greater than the white. Not only does Ihe directive require equal employment, it also requires lhat Negroes be given the opportunity to run for committeeman posts in the next elections. Now that Ihe local ASCS committeemen have tackled their problem, "so they can k e e p their hands on it," they ara anxious to have their neighbors understand why they chose the course they did. In retrospect, many of them hope their fellow Mississippiana will come to view them as iho unsung heroes of the quiet revolution in Mississippi in 1065. They feel they are playing a key part in avoiding conflict, chaos and turmoil in the administration of the federal government's program for agriculture, Mississippi's most important industry. Needless to say, (lie more than 2.000 community commilteemen who represent a cross section o! rural Mississippi, will hardly appreciate politicians in 1967 who go out of their way to complicate Ihe position in which they have placed themselves to do what they thought best for all the farm people in the Magnolia Slate.
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