EDITORIALS OF In The Eye Of The Beholder Pago 3 Greenville, Miss,, Wednesday, June 2', 1965 WerÂ« It left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without government, 1 should not heiltate a moment to prefer the latter. --Thomas Jefferson Preventive Work For Highway Ugliness During last week's W h 5 1 e House Conference on Natural Beauty, President Johnson asked Congress for legislation to erase billboards and auto junkyards f r o m t h e nation's highways. Greenville should be among the first cities to say, "Aye," although many citizens will cry, "more federal takeover." Greenville has considered itself a leader in city beautification, and rightly so, but much of its efforts have been in cleaning up existing ugliness rather than preventing it. Tree and shrub planting prq- jects of several civic and garden clubs are commendable, but a small part of the total picture. Long range planning and supporting legislation are needed. * * * CONSIDER Highway 82 East between Greenville and Leland. It already has many aspects of a billboard jungle, with an unhealthy share of auto junkyards a n d honky-tonks. One has to imagine but little to envision the same scene 10 years hence if no controls are enacted. The Johnson plan would allow no billboards to be erected within 1000 feet of interstate and primary highways, and existing ones would be removed by 1970. County and slate governments could well add legislation m a i n t a i n i n g a 50-foot right of way on each side of highways at city approaches. This would insure park-way like areas in the cities themselves as they grow rather than the alternative of neon and brick canyons t h a t smother today's city motorist. A few progressive cities have eliminated billboards from their approaches, and have, through the cooperative efforts oÂ£ merchants, set up roadside parks complete with shade trees, picnic tables and city map and directory -- including advertising space. The highway thus remains uncluttered, city businesses advertise, and the traveler enters informed and tranquil. Now is an ideal time for Greenville to consider controlling construction and advertising on its highway approaches. Not yet a victim of "acute urban sprawl," it has m u c h room for lateral growth. We can avoid the ugliness, congestion and many of the social ills that accompany them in large cities, by planning while the city is young and relatively fresh. But whatever is done should be soon. The Bankers Speak Bankers are by nature fairly conservative men. They are so in part because they must deal daily with us fallible human beings, and they know too well just how prone we are to escape from responsibility whenever possible. This makes the recent resolution by the Mississippi Bankers Association endorsing an end to the stale's liquor hypocrisy all the more remarkable. The state's bankers must have felt the atmosphere Is more favorable to change in this area than we have been able to discern from way up here. The bankers were meeting in Biloxi, which may have had something to do with their attitude. Biloxi has long shown it is possible to operate npenly, in defiance of the law, and get away with it on a big scale. Anyway, the bankers said in part in their resolution: * + * "WE CALL upon the legislature of the state of Mississippi to take such steps as may be necessary to see that the prohibition iaws of the slate are full, completely, uniformly, and consistently enforced in each of the several counties of the state, or forthwith and at the first opportunity to pass such legislation as may he necessary in order Guest Editorial to permit the several counties of the state, by vote of their people, to remove their counties from the chaotic conditions which now exist and to place them under some reasonable tyje of regulated sale of intoxicating liquors." Bravo, hut we just don't see the legislature responding with a rush or the governor, conscious though he now is of the need for good law enforcement, of endorsing it. We can think of a few counties, and we need not go very far away, in which some citizens positively blanched when they read the recommendation. Washington County would pjrobably take years to recover if it were either forced to shut down or continue doing legally what it has been doing illegally for so long and with such increasing frequency. But the hankers passed the resolution, which must mean that the folks they are dealing with are coming around to their point of view. If they are, and proper legislation is passed, we lose a good topic of conversation, but we would also lose one of the stale's biggest sore spots: its inability or unwillingness to enforce a law which has been on the statute books for generations. Paul Was Not Present At the Citizens Council statewide mass meeting in the Coliseum in Jackson frequent calls were made from the audience. Loud questions such as this one was asked, "Where is Paul?" The questions were asked in derision. It is no secret that Gov. Johnson was the man the Citizens Council loyal to their precepts and their program. It should be observed, however, that the other candidate was the former governor, J. P. Coleman, who was never regarded as a friend of the Citizens Council. World Poised On Brink Of War| Because Of Vietnamese Fighting dJu^M Sometimes You Can't Tell Anything i By Only Looking At The Picture kk;^-r,'3 ^^s^^^^x^-,."^sr^s3-Â£^3s^^ No one should expect Gov. Johnson to permit others to make his decisions for him. He can receive advice and counsel. But the decisions are his to make. He has given ample evidence of recognizing that he fully understands this fact. Another fact has entered this sought to elect. They may feel that picture. There have been changes thev deserved to have him remain in Mississippi. Many of the nega- - - Â· * .. .. tj ve things advocated earlier in Mississippi have been found to be fruitless. Not only does the governor know that negation is fruitless but that it can be damaging to the best interests of all of our people. Still further, there have To quote our o!d friend Albert Huchins (the late "Mike") Mc- Lemorc of Greenwood a n d Greenville, "you can't Icl! how you look, til you get your picture took", and even then there are times when a picture can be deceiving. Like thai threesome on Page 3 of last Friday's Delta Democrat-Times, Roy Myers, Mary Lake and Nancy Newton, the ladies all smiles and dimples, and our first impression was tlial Mrs. Lake was getting weighed in for something or other at General Hospital, and she was pleased no end by Ihe calorie situation. BUT WE read on into the cut- line lo learn that Mary, though undoubtedly getting a lift out of what was going on (with Nancy concurring), wasn't b e i n g weighed in at all. And the gadget which Administrator Myers was manipulating was strictly for hefting purposes and in nowise a scale-beam as Old Stuff had first suspected. Furthermore it took considerable coin of the realm (nearly two hundred bucks as we recall it) for General Hospital to come by same, a sum that was raised in its entirety by the Hospital Auxiliary, of which Mrs. Byron Lake is president, and Mrs. Ike Newlon is chairman for the bake and cake sales via which Ihe funds were secured. And now patients plagued by immobility can be transferred from beds to wheel - chairs and vice versa, with the minimum of strain upon the muscles of hospital attendants, and much credit is (hereby reflected upon the line ladies of the hospial's auxiliary. All of which reminds us of a rather poignant situation in another hospital, in another city not loo far away from Greenville, some several years ago. H involved an elderly person, bedridden and considerably overweight, and her daily transfer, from her room to the sunpnrlor and back again. The trip, via roller-chair, was simple enough, but the business of bed to chair, and chair back to bed. was fast becoming a major problem. F.v- erybody was fond of the patient, who had been a very important personage in her day, and wanted to help, but the male attendants who were doing the lifting were breaking down . Then it was that (lie local fire department stepped in, on a volunteer basis, (probably remembering kindnesses to them by the lady when they were little boys), to take on the burden, of her goings - on and comings - FIREMEN often go in for weight-lifting as a hobby, so this seemed like a happy solution. But there was the hazard of their being absent from their posts of duly in the event of a three-alarm fire, so the situation was actually compounded instead of solved. Apparently a practical lifting- apparatus had not yet come on the market, either that or this wasn't exactly on the ball. All n[ which points up the fact tlial Greenville is. and always 1ms b e e n ati up - and - coining lown. And t h a n k you, Mary Lake, for what you said about a slory tn!d in Old Stuffs inimitable slyle (your quote not ours)! Of course yen could be prejudiced, like some Presbyterians have sometimes been known to be regarding other Presbyterians 1 . * * * ATTENTION, N'orflcet (Mrs. Elijah A.) Fleming. We have several front-pages from last Friday's newspaper, the ona with Ihe candid camera shots of several seniors on graduation night at Greenville High School. Perhaps the boys nnd girls in the pictures would like an extra to send Grandma or wlio- havc we. And perhaps Mrs. Fleming cculd hand out these tear- sheets on a first - come, firsl- served basis. And they might come in handy, for the twenty- f i f t h reunion in 19DO, w h o knows? Or whal about the thirty-fifth in 2005? Quite a challenge, and a privilege too, isn't it. Class, this business of living in two centuries. BC TAKES OVER FORCES NAPLES, Italy (UPI) Rear Adm. William S. Guest, former commander of a U.S. Navy carrier division in the western Pacific, look over today as deputy commander of North Allan- lie Treaty Organization striking and support forces for southern Europe. WASHINGTON - Last March writing from Moscow, I report- Ihnl the United States and Russia were cm a collision course. The reason, I said, was that American tombing of Norlh Viet Nam whic.'i tind cut the ground out from under Khrushchev's co - existence policy, set Ihe Chinese to chortling that coexistence wouldn't work, and played into the hands of Ihe old Stalinist, anti-American clique inside the Kremlin. Lasl week. Cyrus Eaton, the Cleveland industrialist, returning from Moscow repotted that Premier Kosygin had told him American jwlicy in Norlh Viet Nam had le!l Russia with no nlternaiive but to fight nnd thai Moscow would retaliate against American forces "with every- t h i n g w e have" unless I h e bombing of North Viet N a m comes to an end. Â» + Â» N E X T DAY, Secretary of Stale Dean Husk issued what wns descrilied as a stern warning lo Russia and China not tn widen the war in Vie! Nam. He revealed that a new SAM missile site had just been sighted in the Norlh. Rusk, when working for John !Â·'. Kennedy, had held KuK-siaii SAM missile sites to Iw purely defensive when c o instructed in Cuba only nine- 1y miles away. Hut he viewed them with alarm 9,000 miles awny. Previously, R u s s i a n diplo- m a t s hud conveyed informal lr.it quite definite warnings lo the Slate Department that if Russian missile silpj; in North Vicl Nam were Ixjmbed. Russia would liavc no alternative but lo retaliate. They have not, of course, been Iwnibcd ninety miles off the Florida coast at any lime since placed there lour years ago. So runs the dangerous game of diplomatic tic-lac-tce belwen two nations which have the power, wilh a single push of Ihe nuclear button, too wipe out sixty of each nlhcr's major cities. Like small boys with chips on their shoulders, each dares the other, while each accumulates more chips and more grievances. The United States has now sent or is sending a total of 65,000 troops to Viet Nam. three times the number President Johnson found there when he took over from the late John I-'. Kennedy. THE NORTH Vietnamese government is now stripping its key government ministries from its capital. Hanoi, and moving them lo areas where they c.in- not be easily bombed. This is the act of a government preparing fur a long siege, not one ready to talk peace. Rcporis from South Viet Nam indicate thai Ihe Viet Cong is ready lo take advantage of Ihe monsoon rains by coming out of the jungle for prolonged ground battles; also is preparing U set up embassies in every m a j o r counlrv lo claim that it, no; Ihe frequently changing government in Saigon, is the Irue representative of this troubled area Tn brief, the American policy of bombing North Viet Nam, sold lo Presirlent Johnson, by Gen. Maxwell Taylor ami White Hmise adviser McGeorge Dundy, has been a miserable failure TAYLOR HAD left the army during UK Eisenhower Administration to write a book, "The Uncertain Trum|et," in which he advocated small brush-lire wars for settling international problems rather than relying on the Eisenhower policy of pushbutton war. Taylor sold his ideas lo John F. Kennedy, who brought him b a c k into Government a s Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. However, Kennedy never entirely bought Taylor's theory of brush-fire wars. He dabbled with Ihe idea in South Viet Nam, hut never gave Taylor free-rein. II remained for Lyndon Johnson, Inheritor of on insoluble military and political mess, to appoint Gen. Taylor as ambassador to South Viet Nam n n d tell him lo go all out lo solve the mess he helped create. G e n . Taylor K o o n deviated trom his original idea ol brush- fire war and extended Ihe war lo his disastrous policy of Navy- Air Force bombing of Noth Viet Nam. This has failed. And with the beginning of the monsoon rains, we are now right back where we started -- fighting an unseen j u n g l e enemy which sleeps by day and raids by night -- the kind o! warfare which the Continental Army used against the British when conducting an unpopular war against thirteen relatively weak colonies in 1776. * * * THOSE thirteen colonies won -- partly because they were fighting on iheir c-.vn soil: partly because they were fighting for something Ihey passionately believed in: partly because British troops were fighting a long ss-ay from hnme for something they did not believe in. American troops half-way around the world in Viet Nam are in the same position today. They are lighting a battle which continued eight years under the French, ten years under American "advisers," and will continue another eighteen years, or even more -- for the simple reason lhal the Vietnamese are fighting on iheir own ground against foreigners and white men. Signifirantly, the G e o r g e Washington of both North and South Viet Nnrn is Ho Chi-Minh, now the leader of North Viet Nam. But as the father of inde- le['.dence he is revered in the South as much as in the North. T H E F A C T t h a t I h o "George Washington" of Indochina is viewed with love and admiration by the people of the South whose alleged independence we are trying to preserve, is a political fact which no bom- ing of bridges or raids on supply trains or skirmishes in th9 steaming junglc-s can eradicate. And if Cardinal Spcllman had not sold President F.isenhower on protecting the migration ol one m i l l i o n Catholics, from North to South Viet Nam immediately after Ihe signing of thÂ» 155-1 Geneva Treaty, these two unlin.npy peoples might well be happily united and completely independent of Reel China today. - 13 ^Washington Cctntnenta^- ;ir D-Day Anniversary Is Occasion For Double - Edged Unhappiness j Â·::.; W-::': ai: rKJ WASHINGTON -- Two days for the remembrance of things past come now, separated by a single week, as a peaceful May -- in (his country -- quielly merges into a peaceful June. The nation has just celebrated Memorial Day. paying some Ihuughl lo the dead of all wars. Soon -- next Sunday -- falls the 21st anniversary of Ihe greatest -- and yes -- Ihe noblest military action ever undertaken by American and Allied arms. It was the D-Day landing in Norm- anily across the channel from a tired, battered and gallant old England which though then not quite t h a t "other Eden" of the poet, was all Ihe same heart- breaklngly green. f * Â« SOMETIMES it seems that a lifetime has gone since that well A . i ..';Â·: i't'l'.A i.tf iJTS mi ^William Â£. Mite remembered but also immensely distant H- Hour when the landing craft - infantry bounded down upon a French shore that was leaping under Ihe fire of hidden German batteries and boiling with the waters of a channel wildly inhospitable to our purposes. The head of that F r a n c * whose liberation by Allied armies was begun 21 years ago now lirelessly condemns the o n e land that spent the most blood for that liberation -- (he United States of America. Reported On DR Meeting WHEN GOV. Johnson made his inaugural address he made several statements which shocked the members of the Citizen Council. He stated with forthrightness that he would not permit his administration to be predicated upon hate and emotionalism. In the months that followed it became clear that Gov. Johnson was determined to make his own decisions and not to permit the Citizens Council to make them as was the case on a number of occasions when Gov. Ross Barnett was the chief executive. been many Mississippi leaders who have told the governor that only a positive program for our state can succeed. Gov. Johnson is trying earnestly to be a responsible governor. He has indicated that truth in many ways. Yet, it is a known fact that he had to make some decisions which would be unpopular with many people who supported him in the race for governor. This answers the question as to why Paul was not at the meeting in the Coliseum Monday. --McComb Enterprise Journal Â·\ HOODING CARTER i Editor and Publisher ' HODDING CARTER III JOHN T GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager SANTO DOMINGO - Of all the mordant disputes between the United States Embassy here and leaders of the revolution, none had the dramatic impact of the April 27 confrontation between Ambassador W. Tapley Bennett and hard-pressed rebel chiefs in Ihe Ambassador's private office. If was this pregnant meeting that led rebel leader Col. Francisco Caamano Deno to proclaim to Ihe world that never again would he meet with Bennett, a soft-spoken, class one Foreign Service officer from Georgia. Caamano publicly denounced Bennett in bitler terms, alter this one-hour confrontation, for beliltling the revolution. Now for the first time, it is possible fo report the United Stales side of what was said between Bennett and the rebel leaders, who vainly sought his intervention as mediator between their reeling forces and Ihe temporarily dominant military machine of Gen. Wessin y Wessin. Â» * Â« SHORTLY before ^ p.m. on April 27, one day before President Johnson's fateful order to Molina Urena and about 15 poli- tical a n d m i l i t a r y advisors knocked on the Embassy's front door nnd were admitted lo Bennett's office. Molina Urcna had just inherited the "Presidency" of Ihe republic under the 1063 Constitution. He was heir to Juan Bosch, who had been driven from oflice 18 months previously. Bennett's visitors were in dus- ly combat array. He asked (hem to check their tommy guns and rifles in the lobby. (Sidearms were permilted.) Molina Urena was nervous, dejected and not at ease in his role as Ihe coun- Iry's new President. He came quickly to the point: unable (o contain the superior military forces of Gen. Wessin y Wessin (whose 26 tanks had just crossed Ihe Duartc River into rebel- held Sanlo Domingo), Molina Urena asserted that his move- menl wanted lo negotiate. He asked Bennett to attend negotiations with the Wessin forces and help arrange a Iruce. Bennett replied that the killing.? must cease, reminding the rebel leaders that they themselves had started the fratricide three days earlier and that this had called forth a counter-ac- tion from Wessin y Wessin. Bennett recalled the U. S. had supported President Bosch to the end and had made clear its emphatic disapproval of his overthrow by the Generals. But thai, he said, was 18 months ago. * * * THE EFFORT lo r c s I o r e Bosch now, he went on, had obviously failed. The U. S. was compelled to slay strictly neutral, urging bo!li sides in equal terms to stop shooting. The U. S. Ambassador, ior diplomatic form, spoke quietly but emphatically. There was no question, he said, that communists had lakcn advantage of fhe legiiimate movement to recsla- blish the 1963 Constitution. Communist help had been tolerated, even encouraged, by the Bosch- Molina Urena forces. The communists had been given free rein lo distribute arms lo civilians. Widespread looling and mistreatment of innocent people had aiso been tolerated. Bennett asserted that this communist infiltration was undeniable, citing Castro-slyle propaganda over Ihe rebel-controlled TV station. He was accused of talking details. He replied that his government regarded that type of detail as important. When asked to use his influence on Wessin y Wessin (o halt the air and naval bombardment of rebel territory, and slop the lank advance, Bennett claimed ( h a t the U S. Embassy h a d succeeded four times the previous day in stopping Air Force bombing. Each lime, Bennett said, rebel forces had tried to take advantage of the cessa- I i o n The Ambasador , wilh creator emphasis, then struck hard against the disgracefl incident at the Ambassador Hotel that every morning, when rebel riflemen forced American civilians lo Ihe ground and fired over Iheir heads. BENNETT again declined (o attend truce talks. He had no such authority, he said, and anyway it was the U. S. position lhat an accord should be reached by Dominican.! talking lo Dominicans. The meeting ended en this note of disagreement. Within an hour or two Molina Urena foresook the revolution for the haven of diplomatic asylum in the Colombian Embassy. And the revolution passed suddenly under more overt control of communist elements. To recall il all now -- the crossing through the night of June 5-8 under shelter of a mighty Allied fleet of ships: the small fires dancing in the assault vessels as Ihe young infantry officers burned Iheir orders when we approuchcd the far shore -- can do no great harm. It is slill not unconstitutional to take some pride in our national past. For this bloody day iyas also a day of unforgettable gallantry and comradeship -- and yes, of self - sacrifice -- among Vanks and Britons, many ol whom have lain these 21 years in a great company of the dead back from those terrible beach- fs. II was a moment of fear but a longer moment of grandeur never to return lo thousands of both the living and Ihs lost. The junior-grade skepticism, Ihe jejune cynicism of those who cannot lolcrale any "flag - waving" Â«t all, long since has belittled this and all military actions. For many have become too scornfully "sophisticated" for words toward the "military mind." and too contemptous for words of any mere "military solution"--in a world where sometimes only mitilary solutions can stand between Ireedom and its loss. * * * STILL IT remains an indestructible truth that this invasion was a memorable act of decency and honor; an unexampled act of human rescue; a climac- lic act in a drama cf just retribution upon the most malignant evil ever to curse mankind. This ami nothing less, was Hitler's Germany. The chic new pacifist "objectivity" nol merely concedes our national shortcomings bill denounces Ihe good in our history as well. So the indestruclible truth has been forgotten by many here -- and by many morÂ« abroad. Last year this columnist was a member of the American delegation which returned lo France for official commemoration of D-Day. President Charles de Gaulle coldly snubbed such superbly big, superbly modest men as Generals Omar Bardlcy and Lawton Collins and others who drove the Nazis from France. This was bad enough; it was so small an action as hardly lo be believed. * Â« * BUT IN THE year since, da Gaulle had proceeded from this fo an incessant sniping at every effort of lha United States to check armed communism -- as long ago it checked it for France Correspondents in Paris report a continuous hostile propaganda against us from every government -- controlled source, a bath of venom. Who, then, can remember 13- Day again without being twice sad -- sad for those who fell then, and sad for the lost bigness of an o!d alliance now cheapened by envious littleness and grandiose malice? Notes From The News IT. ^.. :.lLj. :: "j "i ", l :JT!;i V*--?.1"-.'-T^'-rCT.-J EDUCATION CONFERENCE WASHINGTON (UPI) - A White House conference on edu- calion will be held July 21 to promote "a lively exchange of views on Ihe major problems confronting our schools and colleges." President Johnson announced (he conference Tuesday and selected John W. Gardner of New York, president of the Carnegie Corporation and the Carnegia Foundation for the advancement of teaching, as its chairman. He also named four stale governors as v i c e rhairmen-at- large: Democrats Edmund G. (Pat) Brown of California, John B. Connally of Texas and Richard J. Hughes of New Jersey, and Republican John H. Reed of Maine.
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