The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on July 21, 1960 · Page 4
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 4

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Thursday, July 21, 1960
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HOODING CARTER Editor and Publlthor JOHN T. GIHSON General Mnangcr arcenville,"M1ss., Thursday, July 21, 19GO~ Were 11 left lo mo lo decide whether wo should linvo a i;ovcriimc»( w i t h o u t newspapers or newspapers without tfovcrn. inonl, t should not hosllate n moment to prefer (ho Intlor. --Thomns Jefferson Ethics On The Editorial Page '"jpWO reputable newspapermen A in Mississippi--both editors of daily newspapers -- tliis w e e k engaged in a practice which is totally indefensible. They ran pressure group handouts as the official expression of their paper's editorial policy, and neglected to indicate in any way that they or theh paper's s t a f f were not the editorials' authors. Both handouts ran on the newspapers' editorial pages. Both run in the column traditionally reserved for the paper's public voice. And nowhere did it appear t h a t the editorials were lifted verbatim from "news" releases from the National Association of Manufacturers. Indeed, one of the editorials not only was word for word, but also had the same headline as the news release. The other one differed slightly in headline only. It is certainly the prerogative of any newspaper lo reprint f r o m any source any information or editorial which the editor desires lo carry. This newspaper does it on man." occasions, w i t h n credit line clearly attached. But aside from the simple question of plagiarism -- the copying of another's work without proper credit being given -- the matter of journalistic integrity is also involved in the action of the two newspaper editors. Either the man A Misused Word '"B'lHE word egghead, as a dis- -8. paraging term for an intellectual, has always seemed to us to reflect more on the user than on the subiect. It also reflects some thing on the values our American culture lives by--and those values do not seem Very high in the reflection. ' - · This being n political year, and Republican -- and some Democratic -- political orators being what they are, the old sneering reference will probably be trolled out again. We hope that those who hear (hem will also have read the following statement by Ken Purdy in the Democratic Digest, as quoted in Editor and Publisher: "Whatever illusion to the contrary they are currently enter- who calls himself editor is responsible for what his paper carries PS editorial o p i n i o n , or he should publicly state t h a t it is the undigested opinion of another. There is nothing inherently wrong with pressure groups. In n complex society, where fuels are often piled upon unrelated facts in bewildering array, lobbyists and public relations men have a worthwhile f u n c t i o n t o perform i n informing and persuading. Nor do we have any particular ax to grind with tho National Association of Manufacturers, although ils policies to us often seem founded in extreme right- wing delusion. The NAM certainly has as much right to put ils viewpoints before Ihe public as does the political action wing of the CIO, with whose loft-wing policies we also often disagree. But ethical questions aside, the full-scale reproduction of pressure group handouts as editorial opinion -- with no source attribution -- leaves the n e w s p a p e r s of America open to charges of being a "kept press." During the last century newspapers have evolved a long way from the propaganda sheets for factional interests they once so largely were. We need no resurgence of the bad old days here in Mississippi. l a i n i n g in Washlnglon, the fact of the matter is that the world, when it is a place w o r t h living in, is run by eggheads. "It was an egghead, not a practical man, who f o u n d fire, an egghead cut the first wheel and wrote the first law. The bow and arrow was invented by an egghead, and the aloinic bomb was made possible by an egghead -- a longhaired egghead at that -- who sat for a long time staring at some f u n n y symbols on a blackboard. "The practical men -- charac-v tcrs with the talents of bricklayers who wear signs on their chests saying 'I Am a Production Genius' -- are apt to forgel that they owe their very reasons for existence, always and in every case, lo an intellectual." The Question Of Survival could modern man do - _ if he s u d d e n 1 y were set clown in a wilderness with only an ay.e, nocketknives, salt, a rope and P. ball of twine? Could the average {··*lier. with two daughters, 15 and 12, an 8 year old son, and wife, i'mo'-ow gather sustenance and f '^1'er, all without matches, guns, o:- u'.rns'l'? It's an interesting question, in view of what an atomic holocaust could bring, a pressing one, and it is being answered in part by a r e m a r k a b l e piece of newspaper p r o m o t i o n put on by the San Francisco Chronicle. The San Francisco newspaper has sent the Bud Boyd f a m i l y out into the woods with only the clothes on their backs and Ihe Items mentioned above. They will stay in the woods for more than a month -- if they make it. There will be no direct contact with any Other human being. This is the idea, anyway. From the material we've seen, it is difficult to determine whether Bud Boyd is a q u a l i f i e d woodsman or an average city dweller. He must be a newspaperman, or a writer of sorts, since he is writing an account of his family's travails for the Chronicle. Kven the best oul- doorsman, however, would have to a d m i t that the problem of survival in such a situation would be a difficult one. Frankly, we often wonder if Ihc ordinary run of American cilizen. including ourselves, could make it if forced lo exisl w i t h only tho utensils the Boyds took w i t h Ihem. Our attachment to the comforts of civilization, and our dependence On them, Is a well-established fact. And it's been a long lime since Americans had to hack their way lo survival. B u t n e c e s s i t y c a n produce stranger results than n soft people enduring hard times. S t a r v a t i o n and exposure can force even the most pampered to rediscover the q u a l i t i e s w h i c h helped m a n survive for thousands of years. We hope t h a t Americans or other men and women around the world never have to face the unpleasant question, for the Boyds will be luckier now t h a n llicy would be in reality. Failure for them may only mean a d i f f e r e n l conclusion for a good newspaper series; f a i l u r e in reality would mean the end of the hitman race. TODAY'S BIBLE VERSE Stand in awe and sin not: Commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. --Psalm 4:4 The Delta Democrat-Times This newspaper welcomes Isttm to tht editor to be published so long ns they remain J i t h m the boundaries of decency «nd libel l«ws. The name of the sender may be wilh- ne,d on request, but all »ucti letttn must be signed »nd return addresses given il they *re lo be considered for publication. Published every afternoon (exMpt Ssturdty) *nd Sunday by: The Times Publishin= Co.. Inc.. 201 Main St., Greenville, Miss. Subscription Rales Delivery by carrier 35c Mr ««ek. Mail subscription* payable in advance to subscribers living m Washington ind adjoining counliei not served by dealers and carriers $12 00 per y««r, six monihs, K.M. 8y mail all other areas within United State*: Ona year JI5.00; B months S3 00- one month )1.SO. Notice To Public The Delu Democrat-Times does not intentionally misinterpret any individual thing (Correction will be cheerfully made of any erroneous statement called to our attention The Associated Press «nd United Press are exclusively entitled to use for republicat'on ?,.*!! ?* 1 W1 di 'j» ld « "edited 'o them or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. AH rights of repuWicitian herein are also reserved. Entered *J Second dus mirier lit the Post Office at Greenville, Miss., under Act of M*rcli S, isn. Marlow Says Rocky May Be Pointing To '64 Attempt By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP)-The most puzzling Republican of I SCO b still New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller. He dropped his bid for the Republican presidenlial nomination last December because, ho said, tho party bosses didn't want him. Apparently they still don't, but a few weeks ago he edged back into the picture by saying lie's available. While he's willing to be drafted for the ticket's No. I spot, which he says he feels sure he won'! get, he says positively and absolutely he will not accept Ihe vice presi- denlial nomination, which might be offered him. Mild Applause Wlicn he expressed his liberal views licforc the parlys Plntform Committee in Chicago Ihis week, ho got mild applause. But there was an ovation for Sen. Barry Coldwater of Arizona, spokesman for the party's exlreme right wing. Rockefeller said he will campaign actively for the pnrly and the ticket. But nt Ihe same lime lie .snid he may publicly disagree with offichil parly doclrine during the campaign. At a time when Republican bigwigs seem (o yearn for unity, he has been a constant irritant, criticizing both the Eisenhower administration and Vice President Richard M. Nixon, wlto seems fl sure-shu'. for the presidential nomination. Some Softening Yet in Chicago this week some observers thought they detecled some softening in his difference w i l h the administration and Nixon which would seem to be necessary if he's going to campaign for Ihe ticket n? all. Whether this is so--and, if it is, whether Rockefeller is seeking some kind of reconciliation wilh tlie more conservative elements of the pnrly -- still isn't clear. But one Ihing seems to be obvious: fn Ihe November elections t h e difference between a national Republican victory or what may be Ihc difference between carrying N'ew York or losing it. The party will be in lough shape if Rockefeller should sit on his hands. Nevertheless, the party bosses have shown few signs of en- lluisiasm for the governor, at least to the point ol buying his ideas for the plntform or giving him the presidential nomination, lie hns been n goad lo the party, perhaps an embarrassment; with his proposals and his criticisms. His only purpose may have been lo try lo have a liberalizing effect. Or perhaps he was thinking aliead. Groundwork For '64 If he's not on this year's ticket and it loses, Rockefeller has laid Ihe groundwork for what might be his own selection ns Ihe Republican presidential nominee in IDC4. When Rockefeller snid earlier this year he wouldn't consider being -No. 2 man on the ticket headed by Nixon, the vice presidenl seemed to be taking him at his word. Then the Democrats came 'ip with their Norlh-South combination of SHIS. John I 7 . Kennedy and Lyndon D. Johnson, a formidable array of political lalent, as Rockefeller acknowledged this week in saying Ihe 19CO campaign would I* a tough one. H w.is after ibis lhal Nixon's Leonard W. Hnll, said lhal if Rockefeller withdrew his firm stand agnin^t second place he would I* open to consideration for Ihc No. 2 spot on Ihe ticket. Hut after the cool reception he i;nt in Chicago this week before Ihc Platform Committee. Rockefeller may feel more determined Ihnn e\er to stny out of the pic- luro altogether since the prcsi- dnial noniiiintlnn for him seems out of Ihe question. Noles From The News K. ASSURES CASTRO MOSCOW (AP)-- Premier Nikila Khrushchev hns formally assured Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Cas- Iro's government that the Communist bloc can supply all the necessary goods that "Ihe United Slates and cerlain other counlries now refuse lo sell Cuba." A communique on talks Hie Sov- viet Premier had wilh Raul Castro, brother of Ihe Prime Minister, said (he trade would be on a barter basis. Soviet oil and other products In exchange for Cuban commodities. ASSASSIN CHARGED PRETORIA, South Africa (AP) -- David Pra!t. 52, the wealthy British-born farmer who shot Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd was formally charged today wilh atlcmpted murder and ordered to stsr.d trial in tho Supreme Court, "Has there Been Any Pressure On You, Governor?" .V-' . ^tv. Eshrlgge Crump'« Delta Scene Today In National Affairs Kennedy's Immaturity Shows In Acceptance Speech By DAVID LAWRENCE . "But before he (Nixon) deals, LOS ANGELES -- Time was someone is going to cut the when an acceptance speech by the cards." a presidential nominee was dcliv- 'The Senator later defended his ered a month or more attcr Ihe plunge into personalities when, national convention. With "the in a news conference, he said he tumult and the shouting" over, would be bound only "by the there was an opportunity for ser- rules of facts." Sous reflection and for the writ- are embodied in state laws. There are many passages in the acceptance speech which will cause an arching of eyebrows, but none perhaps more than this one: ing of a thoughtful presentation of the main issues of the campaign ahead. The "All over the world, particularly in the newer nations, young More Dismay men are coming to power--men There were other statements who are not bound by the Irn- whtch caused dismay. Thus, for ditions of Ihe past--men who are instance, there are many who not blinded by the old fears and -young men circumstances surround- worl(!er j u s t wnat was m ^ an( by ]]ateg and r ;' va | ric ,,,,_,, ing Senator Kennedys speech this paragraph in the acceptance who can cast off the old slogans gave the appearance of its hav- speech: and the old delusions." ing been prepared in a hurry - "But the new frontier of which there were many changes made I speak is not a set of promis- The worl d is witnessing in the In it between the time the «d- es _jt j s a set O f challenges. It Con B° w h s t som e of the "newer vance copy was given to the SUI j, s up not w |, at j j nten( ] e( i to nations" are doing. It is witness- press and actual delivery. o(rcr thc American people, but '"§ als ° *« "se of "youll," in The objective, of course was what l intend to ask of tiiem - « Cuba ' f pecially i[s Bearded lcad to get votes from the mass .au- "^ a J-° their P rWe - not lheir " Wh °,,T, makeS Dc °T° n dience assembled here as well as P^elbook-it holds out Ihe pro- f a u s e TM lh Moscow Rashness before television screens through- mlse of more sacrifice instead of * a characteristic of youth-no- out (he country. The assumption more security." lhl "8 'hat is old appears to be was lhat Ihe voters would be what does "more sacrifice "^ Bood. The wisdom of past concerned only wilh appearanc- inslead of more security" really generations, including the words es-lhe "image" created by a mean? How many of the listen- ° f the Greck philosophers and of good-looking young man with a ers understood those phrases? the founders of the American Re- forceful style of speaking; In another part of the same P u TM'?.~ Washmgtoi., Jefferson Violates Rule speech, the nominee extols the But in that same acceptance P art V Platform which speech, the Democratic nominee more and more money and fav- violated one of Ihe basic rules of ors ' or every group with enough fair play in American campaign- numbers to bring in votes. Eving: "Never impute a lack of en the so-called "liberals," who . honesty or integrity to your oppo- are used to making extravagant t u r n out diffcrcnll ' llia n i's start nenl." promises, were taken aback by im P lics - Maybe youth in Ihe end The attack which Ihe Demo- Ihe unlimiled scope of the plat- wr " resDect experience. The and Madison -- these are freq- nrorrn.,,* "ently brushed aside as obsolele. promises For .^^ ([]e urg(j ^ ygwh of ten is to eschew "the traditions of the past." Maybe Ihis campaign i m m a t u r i t y and lhal he would he kept." , |n Kennedy's rheto- carry himself will, Ihe dignity be- Poses Question ri cal question: "Can a Lion or- fittinj! a man who mi K hl become Does Mr. Kennedy, however. ,, an i zc( | ar/1 govcrn ed such as president of the Uniled Slates, really intend, for instance, to ful- u ,i rs e ni | urc .?" Mr. Kennedy, however, impetu- f i l l the platform pledge which Perhaps it ought lo be para- ously clawed at his opponent promises the right lo vote to any phrased as follows: "Can a na- whcn he said: man or woman, whether or not tion 'His (Nixon's) political career ha: ly toward none and malice for cs lo do away somehow with the (Copyright, I960. New York Her- · ' ' lileracy tests for voling which aid Tribune Inc.) Drew Pearson's This Is the first time as far as I know Ihnt the spirit ot Christmas has mode itself felt In Greenville in July. Tho weather is certainly not conducive to thoughts of snow covered trees and ears ore not ready to be tuned to tho jingla of sleigh bells with summer vacations still in the offing. Never the less, pcopta arc thinking of Christmas and the parade that is, or is not lo be. No matter where you go the pros and cons of the question are being pulled out, aired and new ideas added. All conversations seem to lead right to it making you know that the spirit is here olive oiul vibrant in our midst. 'Hie Spirit of Christmas is like thnl, an clement that can't be denied. A few days ago I was one o[ a group discussing the future of Greenville with Mr. Frank Keest- ler. No one had mentioned Christmas or the Christmas parade mxl then suddenly it was there pushing everything else aside. "It seems to me," Mr. K. said, "[hat, costing as much money ns the parade costs, we could work out somo way to share it with towns that ore out of our trade area. When that much work and thought goes into anything it should be seen by many more people." It's a wonderful idea and the thoughts of a Christmas Parade of the stale are exciting even in July. afternoon tea was served during Iho rest period. Tnc second term of the camp will open July 25. There arc plans for eight more girls. Interested parents may contact cither ot tho camp directors Miss Betsy Gully, phono 2-8731 or Miss Sandra Parkinson, 4-3721. The Gully - Parkinson afternoon day camp that has jusl been held licre was such a success thai campers are begging for a second term. Started as an experiment, designed (or girls, aged 10 nd 12, the camp was held at the Community Center and on the grounds adjacent. Swimming, dancing and team games were enjoyed hy Ihc 25 youngsters who attended. And And now something more about the parade, a lettor to Iho editor: Dear Sir: In Ihe report of the enthusiastic and constructive meeting held Monday morning for the purpose of saving the Greenville Christmas Parade, a very odd mailer comes lo my attention. It is contained in Ihe paragraph where one of the civic club representatives asked what, primarily, was Ihe purpose of the parade. One meeting attendant stated lhat Ihe parade was intended to promote the business and cultural interests of the community. Another said that the parade was one of the two spectacles tho other being the Summer Carnival) which help lo set Greenville, apart, and offer entertainment for the cilzens and especially for the children. All very well and good, possibly. But, shouldn't we still put, according to St. Paul, first Ihings first? A Christmas Parade should be thought of first of all, as a dignified celebration of our Lord. Jesus Christ: We are all loo prone, during the Christmas season, to think of it as a lime for commercial promotion, a period of gift swapping, a period for parlies. The Christmas parade, itself, has always been a d r ^- nificd ami tasteful one, and commercialism and adverlisemrnt have been kept from il. But, let us all realize, please, lhal t'ic birth of a holy child in a lov. !y monger is the raison d'etre of everything connected with Christmas time. (Name withheld by request) Bennett Corf's Try And Stop Mrs. Montgomcrncy treated herself to a very expensive new upper dental pinto but unfortunately it didn't f i t . Before she had a chance to have it adjusted, she had to give a dinner for a British consul and, fearful that one of Ihe noble guests would see it slipping, cautioned her butler, "Don't lake your eyes off me. II you see the plate slipping, signal me and say 'Mr. Ginsberg is waiting outside to see you'." The dinner began and sure enough Mrs. Montmorcncy's plate broke loose from its moorings. The butler signalled frantically but it was some moments before he managed lo calch her eye. Finaly she saw him and asked fearfully "What is it Johnston?" The butler told her sadly "Mr. Ginsberg was waiting outside to see you Madam but he just fell in Ihe onion soup." Behind every successful man surmises Robert Cummings you will find a proud wife and an amnzcd mother-in-law. (c) 19M by Bennett Cerf. Distributed by King Features Syndicate .. , "· """·«", iTi,ti,, c t ui iiwi nun governed by political clap- His (Nixon s) political career he or she can read or write? trap and campaign hypocrisy en- is^ often Deemed lo show chari- The plalform as adopled promis- dure?" ' ' ce for " (0 do away somehow with the (Copyright, I960. New Yo t k Hcr- lileracy tests for voling which aid Tribune Inc.) Polaris Missile Program Lags Behind Highlights By JAMES BACON Al niovic-TV Wriler HOLLYWOOD (AP)-For the first lime, a trade pajwr reports, London lias made more films in she last 12 months than Holly- wand. British aclress Mnry Ure can lell you vhy. "Actors receKe slave wages-horribly low in England," says Ihe Wo:-.!le heauty. "Even American companies who shoot (here pay far bcloxv what Ibcy pay in America." Miss Ure, wife of British play- wright John Osbornc, says she is .ishamaed to disclose what she got for making "Sons and Lovers," Jerry Wold's prcduclion of tho D. IL Lawrence novel. "I negotiated my own contract, so I guess 1 have no one to blame but myself. Even Trevor Howard, one of the finest actors in lha svorld. got far below his American price in London where tho movie was made." Miss Ure believes that American stars demand ridiculously high salaries. "It's ahsurd to think an aclress is worth a million dollars a picture." she s?-s. "It's ctjually absurd for an actress to work for what we make in England. There should te a happy middle ground." WASHINGTON - It may have been pure coincidence, but (he Navy and Aerojet finally managed to schedule their first Polaris missile launching from a submarine just as the man who has been so critical of Ihe defense program and Polaris, Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, was about to testify before the Republican Platform Committee in Chicago. Gov. Rockefeller has been one of the few who have tried to counteract t h e soothing - syrup statements issued by high administration offi- / \jfSy. cials indicating jTVyf lhat the Polaris r\f missile is alrea dy one of our bulwarks of national defense. Attacking Eisenhower's 'b»r- gain-basemenl" dtfense program in his famous statement of June 8, Rockefeller said: "For all our reliance upon the Polaris submarine, not one is operational now, and only two will be operational at (he start of 1961." Rehtr.d this statement are the following fads: There are supposed to be three Polaris miss- iles, only one of which, Ihe Al, is actually ready. It has a range of only 1,000 nautical miles. The other two Polaris missiles are far behind. The Polaris A2 is still very ex- pcrimenlal, isn't anywhere near a point of production, and Aero- jet experts are having all sorts of trouble with it. Then there is Ihe A2a, lalcr to be designated Ihe A3, which still is only in the proposal sl«ge as far as acceptance by the Navy is concerned. Much of the hardware has been developed, some chambers have been statically fired in test bays, but it has not even been bought. Yet this is the Polaris with 1,500 - nautical- mile range which the public has been led to believe we already have. Most of this year, administration officials have talked about the ability of our atomic-powered submarines to approach enemy shores under water and re- laliate with the powerful Polaris missile. Yet only Ihis week, Jiut as its chief critic, Gov. Rockefeller, testified in Chicago, was the first Polaris put inside the USS George Washington for a test off Cape Canaveral. Note--Real fact U that Aero- jet's construction of the Polaris has been so slow lhat the army is now pushing its Pcrshinp, Missile for acceptance by our NATO allies as a more practical weapon than the underwater Polaris. Power of Censorship Though Ihc prime contractor for the Polaris is Lockheed, tic company responsible for (he vitally imporlant propulsion i.s Aero- jet, a subsidiary of General Tire and Rubber. The operalion of both companies is inleresling from two points of view--Ihc alleged lobbying of retired admirals and generals now employed by Aerojet; and the fact that General Tire and Rubber is one of the bigger owners of TV and radio stations in the Uniled States. It exercises dictatorial authority over who shall appear On its TV programs, and anyone who has been critical of Aerojet's Polaris missile delays runs the risk o[ being barred. General Tire and Rubber owns TV or radio stations in New York. Los Angeles, Boston, San Francisco, Washington, M e m p h i s , owns and operalcs tho Yankee network and owns or.e-third of n powerful Windsor. Out., M.itinn which dominates Detroit. Adver- tising and network conlracls being what they are, ownership of this block of Radio-TV stations gives the practical power of censoring unfavorable news of the Polaris missile unless it comes from someone with Gov. Rockefeller's aulhority. The power of censorship, however does not apply to the more courageous members of Congress and last year Congressman Edward Hcbert of New Orleans hauled Dan Kimball, former Secretary of (lie Navy, now head of Aerojet, before his sub- commillee regarding brass hat influence peddling. Democrat vs. Democrat Hebcrt is a Democrat. So Is Kimball. He was a member of the Truman Cabinet. And Congressman Hebert developed the fad that Kimball had continued to hold his stock in the parent company even though head of the Navy Department and even while awarding missile contracts lo Aerojet. This is supposed to r,p in violation of Ihe conflict of interest statutes. "Were you required to divest yourself of any stock in General Tire and Rubber?" Hebert asked, referring to Kimball's appoint- ment as Secretary of the Navy. "No Sir." 'You got by lucky," commented the chairman. Hebert developed that Aerojet had hired a lolal of Co admirals, generals, commanders, colonels' and lesser ranking military officers. Bui when il came to answering the question of whelher lhese officers had solicited defense department business or participated in discussions regarding defense business, 26 of them gave identical evanive answers dictated for Ihem by Aerojet. "A number of lhese questionnaires were answered in longhand," Congressman Hebert commented. "But when it camo to the two key questions, the answers were identical and all writ- len apparently on an IBM executive typewriter . . . this is the only company of all Ihe companies' that followed this course." The House Armed Services Subcommittee never did get a real answer regarding the alleged lobbying by retired brass hats and what favoritism may have had to do with the lag of the Potari'j missile which is only being launched from a submarine this weeic-

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