The Corpus Christi Caller-Times from Corpus Christi, Texas on August 18, 1971 · Page 11
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The Corpus Christi Caller-Times from Corpus Christi, Texas · Page 11

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Corpus Christi, Texas
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Wednesday, August 18, 1971
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Page 11
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12A CORPUS CHRIST] TIMES, Wed., Aug. 18, 1971 Europe Due Another Jolt: U.S. Troop Withdrawals By PETER LISAGOR cj Chicago Dally News WASHINGTON -- Western Europe, still shaken up by President Nixon's new economic program, faces another jolt on the issue of U.S. troop reductions. The President has told congressional leaders that he will submit his own proposal for withdrawing American troops in Europe "at an appropriate time" later in this session of Congress, according to Senate D e m oc r a t i c leader Mike Mansfield. Mansfield sought to cut the troop level of 310,000 men by haif by the end of this year with an amendment to the draft bill last May. His proposal was defeated 61-36 after the White House mounted a powerful campaign against it. The President said passage of the amendment would be "an error of historic dimensions." Now, caught in a foreign squeeze on the dollar and mounting deficits in the balance of payments, Nixon apparently has decided to make a cutback himself. From the anguished outcry the proposed Mansfield amendment caused, it is assumed bere that an administration - approved reduction will revive allied anxieties, especially in West Germany. For his part, Mansfield has Los Angeles County Said To Have Lost Population in mind a phase cutback of 50,000 troops a year. Altogether, the United States has 225,000 men in Germany and 75,000 elsewhere in Europe. Including their dependents, the total of Americans putting an estimated $1. billion-a-year drain on the balance of payments situation amounts to roughly 525,000. Until now, the President and liis associates have argued that the United States should attempt to achieve a "mutual balanced force reduction" in negotiations with the Russians. The idea has so engaged NATO strategists that By BILL STALL SACRAMENTO, Calif. If) -B o o m Town, U.S.A., the . sprawling megalopolis covering Los Angeles County, has lost population for the first time in modern history, a state report says. The net drop during the 12 months ended June 30 was 9,600. The county now has an estimated 7,024,600, still the most of any in the nation. Millions have migrated to Los Angeles County -- nearly a million in the 1960s alone -because of the lure of jobs, the sunshine and warm climate, the orange groves and easy poolside living. Now many leave daily because of the smog, overcrowding, jammed freeways, urban blight, crime and the depression in the aerospace industry, a principal employer in Southern California. The county has had a net out-migration b e f o r e , said Walter Hollrnann, director of the Population Research Office in Gov. Ronald Reagan's state Finance Department. But this was the first time it topped the natural population increase and produced a net decline in population. Hollmann yesterday estimated that 90,000 persons left Los Angeles County during 1970-71, as compared with an average yearly migration increase of 59,300 during the years 1960 to 1965. ·* The first major outflow was in 1965-66, after the Watts riots, Hollmann said. Los Angeles County has more than 75 cities and towns -- 20 of them with populations exceeding 50,000. Los Angeles itself, has 2.8 million people. Hollmann's figures were disputed by Robert Marr, direc- tor for population research of the Los Angeles County Regional Planning Commission, who estimated an increase of 35,000 residents for the year ended last Dec. 31. Marr said the difference between the county and state figures are in how the experts interpret basic population indicators such as school enrollment, Social Security records, electric service connections and building activity. New Planet Study Set WASHINGTON 1P -- With a new radar instrument, scientists hope to, zero in close enough to Venus and Mercury to determine then" orbits within 164 yards. And besides snooping closely at Jupiter, astronomers will try to make de f ailed studies of two of the planet's 12 moons. The venture involves adding a more sensitive, high-power radar transmitter to a 1,000- foot-diameter radio telescope in the mountains of Puerto Rico. The National Science Foundation said yesterday that the new radar will make the Are- cibo telescope "the most powerful antenna in the world for making radar studies of the planets and their satellites." For nearly 10 years the telescope has received natural ra- diowaves from planets but has had a limited ability for bouncing radar signals from the earth off distant worlds. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration will pay for the radar, while NSF will finance modifications of the antenna. 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Despite the apprehensions of the NATO allies, however, they were put on notice that the United States is growing impatient with its deferise.out- lays by a : little-noticed speech made by Treasury Secretary John'Connally at an International Bankers' Conference in Munich, Germany, last May 28. While widely reported in the European financial press, the Connally speech was largely ignored in the United States. The Treasury chief, who has been the chief spokesman for the President's dramatic new program, told the bankers that the United States was spending nearly 9 per cent of its gross national product on defense, nearly $5 billion of which was overseas. Much of it, he said, was being spent in Western Europe and Japan. Declaring that "financing a military shield is part of the burden of leadership" and should not be "cast off," Connally nevertheless reminded his "audience that the nations of Europe and Japan were again vigorous and able to vastly increase their contributions. He said it was both an "impressive and depressing fact" that the underlying balance of payments deficit "is more than covered, year in and year out, by our net military expenditures abroad over and above amounts received from foreign military purchases in the U.S." Connally also foreshadowed the President's actions covering trade by asking a series of tough questions highlighting European restrictions against Japanese imports, which led to 30 per cent of Japanese exports going to tiie United States, and limited access to Europe for American agricultural products. "No longer does the U.S. economy dominate the free world." Cgnnally said. "No lo^er can considerations of friendship, or need, or capacity, justify, the United States carrying so heavy a share of the common burdens. . 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