The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on June 1, 1965 · Page 6
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 6

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Tuesday, June 1, 1965
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IDITORIALS OF "Fights Aren't What They Used To Bo Anywhere* B*ttuurat-9ftm*a Page 6 Greenville, Miss., Tuesday, June I, 1965 General Hospital's Choice "Whenever t h e Attorney General receives a complaint in writing signed by an individual to the effect that he is being deprived of or threatened with the loss of his right to equal protection of the IHWS . . . by being denied equal utilization of any public facility which is owned, operated or managed by or on behalf of any State or subdivision thereof ... the Attorney General is authorized to institute for or in the name of the United States a civil action in any appropriate district court of the United States." (Title III, Civil Rights Act of I9C4.) This title, abbreviated here to eliminate a few conditional clauses, is essentially what faces every public institution and enterprise in the nation today with the exception of public schools, which are covered by Title IV. More specifically, this is what faces Washington County General Hospital, ·as was brought home by the request for desegregation presented by NAACP officials here last week. GENERAL Hospital is partially segregated, and in particular its two patient wings are operated on racial lines. It is a public institution under terms of the Civil Rights Act. In the past the hospital, a federal Hill-Burton Act institution, h a s received federal funds. It undoubtedly hopes to receive more in the future. Under Title VI of the act, no more funds will be made available by Washington unless the hospital board agrees to nondiscriminatory practices. This means an end to segregation. Thus the hospital, as the schools have already done, must face the inevitable. There is no question that it will be desegregated. The only question is how. The hospital board knows this. Board members have already discussed it several times, but no public report has been made on their decision, or lack of one. PERHAPS they have decided that, in face of what on its face was an ultimatum, they are going to wait to be forced to obey the law. This, given human nature and Southern white sentiment, would be understandable, but it would also be unfortunate. Fighting when certain defeat under the law of the land is the only result simply makes that defeat more painful and the after-taste more bitter. What would be infinitely better for all concerned would be a good- faith start toward compliance on a planned, announced schedule. Other hospitals in the Deep South have done this already, as have many schools. Greenville's library, parks and other city-owned facilities have long ago been desegregated, and there has been no revolution. Only the hospital board can make the decision, of course. But today, following the Civil Rights Act of 1964, there is one other possibility. The decision can be forced upon the board. The public should understand this, because in either case segregation at General Hospital has just about come to the end of the line. Volunteers To Count On For the second time in as many weeks, volunteers of the Washington County Civil Defense Rescue Service have been called up to assist as tragedies struck the area. Sunday about 15 members of the service assisted the sheriff's department and the Federal Aviation Agency conduct an investigation and guard the wreckage of a downed private plane. The preceding Sunday, many of the same volunteers helped recover the body of a Greenville youngster drowned in Lake Ferguson. * » * WHO ARE these Civil Defense workers? They're our neighbors who are willing to donate a lot of their time and often a portion of their treasure to provide auxiliary emergency s e r v i c e when its needed. "Those boys are always the first one on the scene and they are the ones stuck there the longest," a sheriff's department spokesman said Monday. He added that they're doing it without pay, with a $4,000 annual budget from the county Guest Editorial and with a lot of volunteer teamwork and equipment. We tromped for a half hour through the insect infested, steamy wood that contained Sunday's crashed plane and can imagine, what sort of Sunday the all-day Civil Defense guards must have enjoyed. If ever there was an organization dedicated to aiding its fellow man this is it. And, until we must call upon them for our own personal disaster, each of us is unable to appreciate the job the Rescue Service is doing. But the police and sheriff's department and o t h e r agencies readily testify to the dedication of this group of men who have pub- lically said, "Call me. I'll help." A news account of a drowning or a crash or any of the many disasters which calls for the Rescue Service often crowds the Civil Defense volunteers into a paragraph or two. But at the accident site, they are a dominent factor and a positive force for good. They deserve our continuing support. The Danger Of Radicalism At a recent meeting of the Mississippi Human Relations Council a film was shown. This homemade movie was prepared for us in "Freedom S c h o o l s " throughout Mississippi. The Mississippi Human Relations Council is to be commended for bringing this movie to the public's attention. From all reports the movie reflects a dangerous trend on the American scene. This trend is one of negative criticism to the point of repudiation of all existing institutions. Anarchy and a spirit of revolution are the pioducts of this type of criticism. * * * THERE IS no denying the fact that there are those who feel no sense of responsibility or loyalty to existing institutions -- church, public, or private -- and who feel perfectly justified in all things to be a law unto themselves. While Catholics maintain as a point of conscience that no manmade law is binding if it is in conflict with God's law, the Church insists on loyalty to political institutions in the interest qf the common good. The silent majority of Mississippians must exercise effective responsibility in this state if we are not all to become pawns of a frenzied radicalism. * J}H Walking ton' -^^^ ^'-~^**w^^-:***-** Plays Surprising New Role In Santo Domingo: What Is It? President Johnson's decision to order the FBI into the Dominican Republic came as a surprise to many people here in Washington. One of the reasons why he did it, according to some sources, was to find McGcorge Bundy, his White House aide, W!K had been missing since the teach-in debate in Washington, D. C. n few weeks ago. The last seen of Mr. Bundy, he was discussing with the loyalist and rebel factions some sr- lution to the problem in Santo Domingo. Bundy's final words So President Johnson called up J. Edgar Hoover and said, "Get me some communists in the Dominican Republic, and pronto." Mr. Hoover offered to go himself, but the President vetoed the idea, and said "Thai's how Bundy got away and Ah don't plan to let it happen again." According to reports, the FBI will have two functions. One will be to investigate the communist menace and the second will be have to have FBI clearances before they can rule in their own lands. The real problem facing the FBI in the Dominican Republic is what do you do with the CIA. We must assume the CIA has infiltrated the left wing in Santo Domingo, and with the funds at their disposal probably control it. What will happen when the FBI informers move in with their funds? You'll have two factions fighting for power, and to clear possible candidates for neilh " *'« wi » knmv the r .. . :_ _i _i.: c iL- a future coalition government a job that in the past has been before he disappeared into the ] e f t to each country in the hemi- jungle were to Gen. Imbert of sphere. the junta forces, and he was t * * quoted ns saying to the General, "Well if you won't agree on » Unit- Not only are we threatened by the subversive radicalism of the revolutionary, but we are threatened as well by the equally subversive radicalism of the extremist to the right. There is a real danger that in the interest of conteracting one radical element we will be placating another. In the middle lies virtue, and we desperately need this kind of virtue. We do not need a driving wedge between the poor and the rest of society; we do not need burning crosses; we do not need gestapo-like methods as have been recently employed by some Catholics in this state. It is almost impossible to believe the reliable report that in one Mississippi parish a priest's sermon was recorded and later played in the police station . . . These men are asking for and deserve excommunication. They but reflect another aspect of the radicalism which threatens us. We need frank and open com- raunication between all responsible members of the community. Negroes and whites in Mississippi must build the future together or chaos will be built by conflicting signs of responsibility -- but they have not yet become a light shining on a mountain. BFL (Mississippi Register) coalition government, would you consider becoming the 51st state?" The Justice Department has denied the FBI was sent to the Dominican Republic just to find Bundy. * * * RUMOR HAS it they're being sent to infiltrate the CIA. The CIA, as you remember, were said to warn the United States of a communist takeover in the Dominican Republic. When it was impossible to produce any of the communists President Johnson got very mat! and said the FBI could have produced a dozen communists on a half hour's notice. Most of them would have been FBI informers, but they still would have been communists. t;.". ! .Turri.-)j IT'S A NF.W function for the FBI and it isn't too far - fetchd to predict that some day all Latin American governments will Almanac By United Press International Today is Tuesday, June 1, the 152nd day of 1065 with 213 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. The morning star is Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Mormon n p o s 1 1 e Brigham Young was born on this day in 1801. A thought for the day: Ogden Nash wrote: "There are two kinds of people who blow through life like a breeze. One kind is gossipers, and Hie other kind is gossipees." also working for the ed Stales. There may even wind up battling in the streets of Santo Domingo, which would put the U.S. Marines in a heck of a spot. Who should they fire on -- the C. I. A. informers or the FBI undercover agents? * * * THERE IS also a morale factor to be considered. If the FBI digs up more communists than the CIA, it will look very bad for the Central Intelligence Agency, and they may have to bring in some Castro communists from the University of California. The only solution, as far as I can see, is to send Bundy b?.ck to the Dominican Republic to negotiate a coalition Secret Service made up half of CIA agents and half of agents from the FBI. Otherwise you may have a confusing situation in the Dominican Republic, and nobody wants that. Congressmen Are Going Abroad Despite President's Urgings WASHINGTON -- Despite the Irving Whalley, R-Pa., Stanley ate was at that very moment President's proposal that U. S. Tupper, R-Me., Mark Andrews, engaged in vigorous debate on R-N. D., Robert Stafford, R-Vt., Vemon Thomson, R-Wis., Armistead SeWen, D-Ala., Sidney They almost meet each other Yates, D-I1I., and Donald Fras- coming and going at the tax- er, D-Minn. payers' expense and at the ex- * * · · ' ' THOUGH ITS supposed to be secret, there's t very good reason why mail is flooding the Senate Finance Committee op- citizens forego unnecessary foreign travel, Congressmen ar« still junketing hither and yon our balance-of-pay - pense of ments. No less than 23, led by Sen. Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., and Rep. Cornelius Gallagher, D-N. P 05 '^ the Medicare bill. J , recently spent four days in Ottawa and Montreal, Canada, discussing "issues of friction between our Congress and the Canadian Parliament." Negro voting rights, and even though Bagge had been a vigorous o p p o n e n t of permitting Negroes to live in th« swank Chicago suburb, Deerfield, III., which has been hi] home. pany, Meantime, three House mem- ««" ^"' s l ° nood the . Senate R. Committee with mail. It's inspired by a private letter from Alexander Hutchinson, senior vice president of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Com- . ... , · ,,, .· n-,,,.. instructing all Metropoli- m S that he was a leading Deer. On April 14 the Santa Fa Railroad attorney, whom LBJ picked for the Federal Power Commission, wrote a long letter to Sen. Warren G. Magnuson, Chairman of the Commerca Committee, emphatically deny- bers -- John Kluczynski, D-II1., Kenneth Gray, D-I11, and Frank Clark, D-Pa. -- were sojourning in Lima, Peru, while discussing the "development of highways and highway transportation" with Latin Americans. The United States has the best iys- tem of super highways in the world, but the louring trio apparently figured there might be something to learn below the border while exploring the ancient city of Lima with all expenses paid. * * * REP. ADAM Clayton Powell. the Harlem globe - trotter, will show up at the International Labor Conference in Geneva Inter nance In a three - page letter directed "to the field force in the United States," Vice President Hutchinson instructs all Metropolitan agents regarding Metropolitan's insurance program as compared with the Medicare bill now before the Senate. "It is important for each person who shares the opinion that these provisions of 'Medicare' are not in the public interest to communicate his views to both Senators from his slate," wrote the Metropolitan executive. "Member of the Senate Fi- field, 111., Segregationist But Arthur Shay, writer and photographer for Life magazine wrote and later testified that ha had listened to Bagge on Nov. 23, 1959, make a speech in which he said, "Many of us have worked all our lives to move away from this kind of people (Negroes) on the south side and cams here to get away from them. 1 ' After that Bagge changed his position. He admitted, in effect, that his letter was a misstatement. He called it a "mistake." * + * DESPITF, this the Senate con-. firmed without discussion a man who will have sweeping in June then junket to Algiers i"K hearings on this measure, on June 29 for an Afro-Asian Please feel free to use any of the It conference. It should be noted that he did an excellent job for tKtt United States at the Ban- dung Afro-Asian conference, defending American progress toward civil rights. Four members of the House Reps. William Bray. R-lnd., Otis Pike, D-N. Y., Richard Ichord, D-Mo., and Charles Chamberlain, R-Mich., leave for Viet Nam on June 10 for a ten-day inspection of the conflict area. NOTE: Others besides Mansfield and Gallagher who went to Canada were: Senators George Aiken, R-Vt.. the Chairman, Leverett Saltonstall, R-Mass., John Sherman Cooper, R-Ky., Len Jordan, R-Idaho, Everett Jordan, D-N. C., Gene McCarthy, D-Minn., Frank Moss, D- Utah, James Pearson, R-Kans., Pat McNamara, D-Mich., and Hiram Fong, R-Hawaii. Also Reps. William Murphy, D-I1L, Harold Johnson, D-Calif., nance Committee, listed on the attached sheet, are especially important for they are now hold- power to regulate the cost of nav tural gas and electric power to millions of Americans. Tha Mansfield - Dirksen steam io\- points made in this letter with which you agree, but be sure to ler for getting things done in put them in your own words." the Senate was working so well that most Senators did not know Then, to make sure that Metropolitan's agents did write, Hutchinson added this kicker: "I would appreciate a report on the reception of your efforts, through each district office." NOTE: Metropolitan is probably the biggest life insurance company in the world, with thousands of agents all over the U. S. A. It will be interesting to see what impact they have on the Senate Finance Committee. * * * SOMETHING awfully funny happened on the way from the t h i s background. W h e n they looked at it later, some concluded that when a Federal Power Commissioner does not slick ta the truth, he can't be dcpend^ ed upon to stick to the public interest in regulating gas, oil, and power. NOTE -- Bagge was nominated by Sen. Everett Dirksen of Illinois, the Republican leader, because the vacancy on the FPG- required a Republican. Sines Dirksen has been in the process of helping the Administration Senate Commerce Committee to pass a Negro voting rights bill, the full Senate when it came to the confirmation of pro-oil Commissioner Carl Bagge to the Federal Power Commission. Bagge got confirmed with no discussion and not a dissenting vote, even though the Sen- Democratic Senators and tha Administration wero not anxious to oppose appointment of his man to the FPC, even though the appointment could affect' American economy more than_. the Negro voting rights bill. '" Snick Radicals Staking Everything! On Success Of Seating 'Challenge' I fea WASHINGTON - As Congress nears passage of its toughest voter registration bill, civil rights radicals are fabricating a new crisis with a potential for far-flung mischief. The signal was Riven last week by the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee , (Snick), most radical of the civil rights group, when it unleashed a new propaganda campaign for The Challenge. replace three of them with Neg- the Americans For Democrat!* ro women FDP "candidates" Action (ADA) and the DemocraJ- who never were on the ballot, tic Study Group (composed of 4 ^ * liberal Congressmen) -- at least SNICK IS dead right in claim- W^y are withholding «,* The Challenge is the quixotic attempt by the Snick-sponsored, lenge will fail, predominatly Negro Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party ing that Mississippi's Congressmen were elected under a political system that systematically excludes Negroes. But there is no legal precedent to unseat them. Nor are there sufficient votes in the House of Representatives, where the matter soon will be decided. The odds are roughly 100 - to - 1 that the chal- But in the course of that fail- (FDP) to unseat all five white Mississippi Congressmen '?« 7ke Hard-Liners Giving Way To I have first - hand information parently indifferent to the infor- the political problem, which re- pretty much for the pleasure of HOODING CARTER Editor and Publisher FIODDING CARTER III JOHN T. GIBSON Associate Editor and Publisher General Manager from the Dominican Republic. The situation there'is as I feared out loud, in an earlier dispatch, it had come to be. There is indeed a conflict between the hards ami the softs within (he Johnson Administration, a nd the forces engaged are those whose thoughts are governed by considerations of W o r l d Opinion. The word is, the softs are winning. My informant, an American whose judgment I ; know to be sure, gives it as "hard, irrefutable fact" that what was launched on April 24 as a military coup by ambitious and disgruntle elements in the armed forces was rapidly transformed into an organically revolutionary situation. Radical leftist elements look hold of the movement and would have taken power except for the arrival of the United Stales Marines. Those same Marines are now being used to protect the forces they were originally sent in to repress. * t * WASHINGTON, initially impressed by the conclusively persuasive intelligence repons detailing the corruption of the original movement, is now frf mation that continues to come in on the personal ties dominating the so-called "constitutional government." What is row probable Is that the United Stales Marines will in effect install a new government which, however anti-Communist its nominal leaders, will be permeated with Communists at all levels. "There are few American military, diplomatic, or businessmen here in Santo Domingo today," writes my informant, "who disagree with this analysis. The Embassy, the CIA, ami the military are bitterly frustrated and angered over Washington's altered course of action." The formal decision to guard General Caamano's rebels from extinction by the forces of General fmbert was made on Thursday, May 20. Well before t h a t , the rebels had run out of steam and would have licen overcome quired, first, doing something ibout their image. * * * THEY WHISKED the known Communists out of the limelight. But those who know them. well, can spot the red faces in the modernistic Copello Building, the rebel headquarters . They are there a-plenty, consulting cabinet ministers, bringing news, suggesting military and political stratagems. The foreign press is especially courted. "Even while the pages of La Nacion, the leading rebel newspaper, were vilifying U. S. troops and our Ambassador, its editorials praise U. S. newspapermen, and even offer them free hotel accommodations in their territory." the thing. "It is ironic that if a free election were held today there is little doubt that the winner would be Trujilfo's successor, Dr. Joaquin Balaguer. Balaguer is the people's choice: ask the peasant ask the poor people of the city, ask most members of the laboring classes. No one, not even his bitterest enemy, denies that Balaguer is honest, a good administrator, cultured; altogether a distinguished figure. His sin is that he was associated ure, responsible civil rights leaders willl be faced with this unpleasant choice: surrender to Snick or risk being branded "Un cle Tom." Worse yet, the virtually inevitable defeat of The Challenge will add to the cynicism of the idealistic young Negroes who are so attracted to Snick. Any good feeling engendered by the voting bill may be erased. Indeed, it always has been Snick's underlying goal to minimize the voting bill. In a March 24 memorandum privately circulated among its own staff, Snick makes the outlandish implication that President Johnson introduced the voting bill only to defeat The Challenge. * * » SAYS THE S n i c k memo: "Whether it is intended to do so or not, the introduction of vot- "The lower classes in the Dominican Republic." my informant relates, "are politically immature, and it is largely on that account that there has teen cha- except for a series of reprieves os. The middle ami upper class- that resulted from the arrival of es are hopelessly divided. They successive missions of one kind or another -- the OAS mission, the Mayobrc mission, the Bun- with Trujillo. For this reason ing rights legislation into the U. S. Congress at this time functions to divert attention from the MFDP Challenge, and, if it is passed, it will erode support both in Congress and in the nation, from The Challenge. Yet . . . . the final enfranchisement of Negroes in the South depends iruch more on the effective of The Challenge than it he is unacceptable." Not to the Dominicans understand. To the State Department. Which believes in self-determination. The prognosis of my friend is gloomy. It is relatively easy to predict at this date that there will be few friends of the U. S. left in the Dominican Republic when we withdraw. The right, dy mission. The rebels, having early run out of military fire- do not like Imbert, they regard Caamnno as a weakling and a tool, and they despise Bosch and his cronies, whom they regard as vindictive men who en- power, began to concentrate on joy stirring up class warfare avoided." does on the enactment of any the liberal left, and the center new c!vil ri hts Cation." of this country will all have plen- Rather than risk Snick's scorn, many Negro leaders -that with just a little more will including Martin Luther King Hubert Humphrey constitute * and determination in the space -- fully back The Challenge. But hollow mockery. At that point of a few Iwurs on tlie 1st of May, the legal case for The Challenge 1965, all this could have been is so weak lhat many crusaders ty of cause and ammunition to curse us. The tragedy of it is port. Noting the Negro's progress through the courts, these liberals insist on a firm legal foundation. But Snick consciously decided not to take its case into the Federal courts after last November's election, thereby amputating its own legal legs. Unsealing Mississippi's Congressmen on an extralegal basis, one liberal Democratic Congressional leader told us, would be "an invitation to chaos." '·'· Here again is the Snick pat-: tem of se e k i n g the unattainable by means calculated to insure defeat. Why? Perhaps to "prove" hypocrisy in the American system. · i * * * 'i. SNICK'S attitude is revealed more openly than usual in its March 24 memo: " . . . The whole racist structure of the enormously complex U. S. government provides thosa who govern with too many 'outs -- the Constitutionalism and legal ism which always has been used to explain why the U. Si government must condone lynching, mass murder, (and) sy* tamaric terrorism . . ." This open attempt to dissuade Negro youth from trusting their own government collides with the current missionary work by Vice President Humphrey. He tells young Negroes, that, with all the new legislation, there is real opportunity for tha first time. Humphrey has enlisted Negro business executives to relay this messag* on to Negro college students. But at Snick centers all ovef the South, young Negroes an being told hope is found in Tin Challenge and only The Challenge. W h e n The Challenge fails in Congress, Snick will proclaim that the voting bill and for the civil rights -- Uw NAACP. the confrontation with long avoided by the may b* «t hand Snick liberal!

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