The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi on July 20, 1960 · Page 4
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The Delta Democrat-Times from Greenville, Mississippi · Page 4

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Greenville, Mississippi
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Wednesday, July 20, 1960
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HOODING CARTKH Kdltor and Publisher JOHN T. GIBSON General Manager i r Mei ! » ( ·Jii a. Greenville, Miss,, Wednesday, July 20, 1060 Were .It left lo mo to decide whether we should liave n covcriimcnt \vllhonl ticwspfipcr.i or newspaper* \vlljioul guveru- inonl, 1 should not licsltutc a moment to prefer (lie Inttcr. --Thomas Jefferson £ Last Chance For Parade ·c. T EADERS of 24 Greenville ·cc Jw civic, service and garden clubs xii were told Monday that possibly In the best thing about the Christmas in Parade Committee's plan for ssv- "· ing the parade was that it existed. ne No more time needed lo be lost debating on the best way to raise ? the $5,000 needed to put on this ^ year's spectacle, io. We can think of several other lei merits in the plan, ai For one thing it had immediate y appeal to ail who had worried l*£ about how we were lo salvage our 1 big Christmastime show and come 5tl to · no satisfactory conclusion. Fpr C j another, its community-embracing lj a characler gives opportunity for oi everyone to accept some responsi- n £ bijity, however small, for seeing ol that our children (and a good num- he ber of adults) are not disappointed. C But most important, it can iai suceed. n If enough of these civic groups ""represented are willing to parti' cipate, if their members agree to put a small amount of effort into .a door-to-door campaign, we have complete faith that the people will respond. For more than ten years we have been privileged to see free one of the finest Christmas parades in the entire South. Certainly it is worth a dollar a family who has ever enjoyed the parade to have it go on again this year. We feel sure the members of the civic, service and garden clubs will want to give the people from house to house this last chance to save our parade for this year. We are certain that if given that last chance, the people who saw the 1959 parade will see to it that glittering pageant from fairyland will not be the last parade. Meanwhile everyone is welcome to give the one-day drive on July 29 an advance boost by sending a contribution to Christmas Parade Fund, Box 1018, Throwing Our Vote Away ISSISSIPPI may be determined to go through the ritual of supporting a third party or uncommitted electors -- if Gov. Barnett and his cronies have their way -- but there is grpwing evidence that the state will be virtually alone in this course. Senator Goldwater of Arizona put the quietus on an abortive attempt to name him the candidate for a "conservative party" ticket by advising all .concerned he didn't believe in third parties. Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina politely suggested that Gov. Sarneit might have been "misquoted" in saying the South Carolina senator had agreed lo head a thinking Mississippians as completely impractical and a reflection on the intelligence of Mississippi voters. "Either the Republican nominee or the Democrat (sic) nominee is going to occupy the White House in 1961. "It has been pointed out that even the entire South standing together has Influenced only two elections in the last 64 years. A vote for an Independent elector will amount to a vote for Jack Kennedy for President, or else will amount to throwing away one vote." Perhaps Mississippians are so third party group -- which was a , used to being led astray by the nice way to tell the South's last '^nightmare world illusions ol the hope where to head in. Arthur "State'* leaders that a majority will Watspn, Jiead of Louisiana's Con- go a [ o n g with a third party scherrie. We have been so assiduously guarded from contact with political reality for so long by the Barnett-Citizens Council faction that it is difficult at times lo see the national forest for the local trees. We may very well lose ourselves again I n . a f r e n z y of emotionalism. But political action outside the context of the two-party system is a road leading to nowhere, If we follow it again in 1960 as we did in 1948, we will have B far vention 1 .delegation, has refused to endorse talk of a parly bolt. And Gov. Buford Ellington of Tennessee snd Gov, John Patterson of Alabama have flatly stated that the national Democratic ticket will get their full support. The Republican Party head, quarters in Jackson put the matter in a nutshell in a release sent out Monday afternoon. Although we disagree with their conclusion, w h i c h was that Mississippians should vote the Republican ticket, we agree with most of their logic. The release spid; "The announcement of the possibility of a group of independent so-called states rights electors is being instantly recognized by harder time regaining the true road to political effectiveness. And we will add still another touch to the distorted picture Mississippi persists in presenting to the rest of the nation. Which Convention Was Rigged? N interesting contrast occurred to us after we received the full text of the minority report filed by the ten Southern states at the National Democratic Convention, It was not contained in the report itself, which upon second reading seems to be as sound an exposition of the South's position as it did when read by Georgia's state D e m o c r a t i c Party Chairman Janes H. Gray at the convention. The contrast has to do with the difference between the state and national conventions in relation to a free and open expression of differing opinions. For contained at the bottom of the cover sheet of the minority report is the phrase: "In accordance with the Rules of the Convention, this Minority Report is personally signed by more than ten p e r c e n t of the members of the Committee on Resolutions and Platform." Ten percent, after all, is not a very large number to obtain. But when the Mississippi Democratic Convention was held in Jackson, our Democratic delegates undemocratically elected to make a m i n - ority report from the resolutions committee dependent on some 43 percent of the committee signing It -- or three out of the seven members. As an obvious result, no minority resolution could get to the convention floor, and specifically, Charles Sullivan never got a chance to present his resolution calling for a recessed convention at a certain date. Now we don't happen to agree with what Sullivan wanted to suggest, then or now. A recessed convention -- which our state leaders are now supporting with the apparent aim of a party bolt -- is political nonsense. But although the ruling group of liberal Democrats at Los Angeles didn't agree with the Southerner's minority report either, they made the rules flexible enough for the South lo be heard. Which convention was really rigged? The Delta Democrat-Times This newspaper welcomes letters to the editor to be published so long as they rtmain within lha boundanei of decency and libel laws. The name of the sender may be withheld on request, bqi all fuch l e t t e r j must be ilgned and return addresses given il they · re to rv considered for publication. Published every afternoon (except Saturday) and Sunday by: The Times Publishing Co.. Inc.. 201 Main St.. Greenville, Miss. Subscription Riles Delivery by carrier 35c per week. Hail subscriptions payable in advance to subscribers living in Wajhinplon and adjoining counties not served by dealers and carriers, $1200 ptr year, six mon lis. JS.50. By mail all other areas within United Stales: One year 515.00; 6 month" $800- one 11,50. Notice To Public The CVlls Democrat-Timis doe» not Intentionally misinterpret any Individual thing. Ccrfc.tion will be ch MI fully mai'e of any erroneous statement called to our attention. The Associated Prc« and United P.css are sxcluslvely entitled to uso for reptiblic-ition rf all the news dispatches cred::c:f to them or not otherwise credited in this newspaper A!| t i ^ i t j of ^publication herein nre also reserved. Tntcrcd «s S,-«nd Class matter at the Po«t Office at Greenville, Miss., under Act of March S. 1(79. Marlow Says Both Parties Tend To Be Conservative By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press Newi Analytt WASHINGTON (Ap)-Tiie p«m- ocrati almost fractured them- Klves on the civil rights Issue In Los Angeles, But they're not the only ones with troubles. Look at the Republicans in Chicago. The imago of themselves which the Democrats and Republicans would like lo project is that of two political parties representing a clearcut difference on issues and solutions. Cut since both are composed of liberals and reactionaries at the extreme ends, with a broad band of conservatives in the middle of both parties, their problem is try. Ing to whip together a campaign platform. Must Soften Stand It comes down to this: How to take a position which, while it can't possibly reconcile tlie three main viewpoints inside each par, ty, will at least not be so indigestible that it will compel any of (he three groups to leave (he room. In Los Angeles last week the majority of Democrats approved a civil rights plank which goes furlher in support of civil rights for Negroes than any plank in tha history of the Democratic party. It infuriated Southerners, some of whom as a minimum wished to demonstrate against the plank on the convention floor, An open break and Southern walkoul was avoided. But the Democratic party hasn't heard the last of It, even though it picked Sen, Lyndon B, Johnson of Texas to be its vice presidential candidate, a move clearly Intended to keep the Southern states in line. As late as Tuesday Mississippi's Gov, Ross Barneti was taking the lead in urging a Southern bolt from the Democratic Parly. He called the civil rights plank obnoxious, horrible and repulsive. Republican Wings Clash The liberal and extreme right wings of the Republican party collided Tuesday in Chicago before the GOP committee which ii trying to nail together the Republican platform. On the liberal side was New York's Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller . wlip has run head-on into the ideas of President 1 Eisenhower's conservative administration, particularly on defense spending. Rockefeller urged an additional splurge of 3'/ 2 billion dollars on defense, although Eisenhower has long made it clear he thinks present defense spending is enough. The extreme right wing of the p a r t y was represented In Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona. He calls himself a conservative and Is so far from seeing eye to eye with Rockefeller that he previoui- ly suggested the New Yorker run for president on the Democratic ticket, Clinton Rossiter, a political scientist, in his recent book, "Par- tics and Politics In America," goes into great detail to try to distinguish the differences between the parties and within the parties. Wide Gap "There can be no doubt that a wide gap of Ideology and aspiration yawns between men like Seni. Case (NJ), Javits (NY) and Cooper (KY) and Sens. Goldwater, Capehart (!nd) and Bridges (NH). "The lofty figure of Eisenhower has kept them all working amiably together, but the split may yet deepen into a serious wound. .," No one who watches Congress year after year can doubt that except in times of extreme emergency, like the depression of the 1930s, the leadership and the bulk of the action in both parties in Congress It pretty conservative. Notes From The News LOVE CASTS REDNAL, England (AP)-Rog. er Cadbury was fined three pounds or (58.40) Tuesday for "driving a motorcar In such a position that he could not have proper control." He had a girl on iis lap. SCARED BATHERS LONDON (AP) - Lightning struck the Eton College bonlhousc while it was crowded Tuesday with boys sheltering from a storm. Tiles were hurled about. Smoke filled Iho boa (house. Six pigeons in the rafters were killed. But none of the boys was hurl. HOT FLASHBULBS HONG KONG (AP)-Lena Woo. JO a beauty who is lo represent Hong Kong at an international beauty congress in Long Beach, Calif., next month, has oeen confined to bed. She was stricken with heat exhaustion after posing all day for photographers under Hong Kong's Mistering sun. Brodl* Crump's Mostly Old Stuff On Labor B y J o h n H e r l i n g By JOHN HERLING LOS ANGELES - Not surprise, but suspenne, characterized the nomination o( Senator John F. Kennedy. For days the question had been not if, but when and how, would the great prize coma to him. Behind the drive for the nomination, the work of labor-oriented delegates and the thrust of labor leadership played a significant part. As of this moment, while the leaden of the American trade union movement consider t h e nomination of Jack Kennedy good, they will hold off formal endorsement until mid August when the AFI.-CIO genera! board meets in'Chicago to make the decision as between the Republican and the Democratic candidates. Johnson Against Labor But formal shmormal, I h c main fact to remember Is that In the' critical pre.Deniocralic convention period, the various leaders of American labor . [n their separate capacities had made their judgment. This judgment was that the role of Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson was on balance sharply tipped against organized labor. More precisely the spokesmen for the AFL-CIO came to their 'moment of truth " behind closed doors. They angrily denounced Mr, Johnson for applying th e squeeze on labor by allegedly threatening political nnd legislative reprisali. They unbuttoned long pent-up feelings thai the Johnson leadership -- so far as labor was concerned -- was an uncertain quantity on whose credit they could not bank. The pile-up of important legislation -- m i n i m u m wage, medical care, jitus picketing -- they believed was a result of Johnson's preconvention maneuvering Drew Pearson's rather than the inevitable legislative snarl. Although opinion among the labor representatives -- delegates and non-delegates -- \wts not unanimous, disbelief in the motivations of Senator Johnson practically unified their convention endeavors. Quite early it had become clear that Senator Kennedy had won the bulk of labor support. Senator Stuart Symington had the backing of several international presidents, Adlai Stevenson had scattered and deeply sincere support and Herbert Humphrey's labor delegates were still imbedded through frozen commitment. Sentiment Is Synchronized This combination of proKenne-' dy sentiment and anti-Johnson indignation was synchronized into vigorous activity by labor representatives. The frantic weekend of activity by the Johnson forces among delegates generally and labor areas in p a r t i c u l a r aroused concern that if Senator Kennedy's drive was stopped. Senator Johnson and no o t h e r candidate would be the beneficiary- So, inside delegations and key industrial states -- and some farm states too -- the labor oriented delegates became an active Kennedy nucleus -- even though a small percentage remained loyal lo Messers, Sym, ington and Stevenson. Before and during this pericd, words of protest began lo pour out of the Johnson headquarters. Individual labor people were called on the phone. Some were r e a c h e d . AFL-CIO President- George Meany, on a round ol visits to the candidates .to ascertain their views on the platform, found himself closeted with Senator Johnson more than 45 minutes, twice the time he spent with any of the others. Senator Johnson heatedly denied he had pressured, or tried to pressure, labor's legislative representatives. Whereupon, Mr. Meany pointed to Andrew Blemil- ler, AFL-CIO's chief legislative man on the hill and said: 'You tried to pressure him." Mr. Johnson denied this. Recrimination vollied back and forth between Messers. Johnson nnd Meany, and finally the session ended in an unsatisfactory standoff. But tire net of all of this confirmed, rather than reduced, organized labor's displeflsure- with the Johnson attitude. On the positive side/-however, organized labor Is jubilant over the platform, which highlights labor's position in ever)' sector of their special and public Interest. Realistically, they believe this reflects the tlirect Influence of organized labor and its allies. They also find this the result of Senator Kennedy's convention leadership. He had consulted with t h e i r - representatives over the last few months both on specific legislative measures an d Ofl the philosophy by which a Kennedy administration would be guided. Notes From the News BACKGROUND MUSIC JACKSONVILLE Fla. (AP)~A surprise awaits the thief who stole $168 worth of phonograph records from a car Monday night- All of the recordings are in Arabic. PROTEST U.S. FI.IOHTS LONDON (AP) _ Twenty-five banner-waving British Communists picketed the U.S. Embassy last Tuesday night and handed in messages protesting American reconnaissance flights over and around the Soviet Union. A Communist party spokesman said seven more Red deputations will stage separate demonstrations at the embassy in the next week. It pays to advertUs, If you don't believe Old Shift, just «k Myrt Watden, Gen. McArthur, John Ditto, Dub Kooning or Uncle John Carter, And you don't have to be plugging topnotch merchandise or a *econd-h«n4 washing-machine- In ord«r to get result. If you don't believe thti, just try publicizing your adversities. Last week's report on the hijacking blue-jays and tholr sacking o f ' our (omalo-patch had scarcely reached our reading cli- enlejle when the tomatoes commenced rolling In Mr, Knolls, Hal Burdine and Edgar Johnson brought n (wo weeks supply in the aggregate, and very thoughtfully supplied them in varying degrees of ripeness. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson also brought Kentucky Wonder poloboans, and Betsy and Eustace Winn Sr. sent roas'n- ears, butterbeans, squash, beels, okra and cucurnbm, and yesterday Hazel Stuart followed through with an oulsized mushmelon, Meanwhile t h e r e were hind words from Mrs. Wolf Hellmers at the [rcsh vegetable-counter in the supermarket, where she (not we) was buying corn and tomatoes. But when she said she liked the piece about the mocking-bird, we knew Patsy was bestowing laurels which belonged rightfully to Dove, so we dutifully relayed the compliments upon our arrival at home. There's a postcard from Ruth and General Paxtop overseas. !t's a picture of the clocks in Liverpool, England, taken from high up in the Liver Building which sports the golden Liver-bird on top of same. (Liver here is pronounced like diver and not like the liver in the famous breakfast- combination with bacon and onions.) The older one gets, the more one appreciates little attentions from old friends like Ruthie and Galta, so thanks. Folks, for the eard and its interesting messages. If what the General terms "that dangerous memory" Is clicking the Pnxtons' first visit together to the British Isles was in 1933, and someone snapped B very nice picture of Ruth and Galla at the foot of the gang-plank just before thoy went aboard their chip in New York City. Mike B*Uon mwfc th« honor- roll (hit put lemester of his wphomore year at Die Miss, and if now attending (ummer-school «t Millssps College working for »om» extra credits with which he fiopei to gain admission lo Loyola University 6E the South In New Orlwni. Mike plans (o study dentistry, and a couple of local and prominent alumni of Loyola, Drs. E. F. Butler and W. D. McOraw, aro much interested in till career. John Puprel is attending the National Boy Scout Jamboree in Colorado, and look along some good o!d delta boll-weevils embalmed or encased in plastic for. trading-purposes. If you haven't read about It, one of the features of the jamboree will be the swapping of trinkets amongst the scouts, like in tho good old Indian days, though we doubt if Johnny will come home with Manhattan Island or any deal quite so good as that. it's B girl for Susan Martjndalo Clay and Ben Magruder Disharoon In Port (pardon us, pole) Gitjson, find she will bear the name ol Mary Martha for her Grandmother Clay. Well, if the young lady possesses half her grandma's charm and fun by the time sha herself reaches grandma status, this most recent Mary Martha will, indeed, have It made. Uncle Jimmy Hodge assures us Ihst when Pete and Rosa werq mourning Rusty with tears on the back-steps, he (Jimmy) was weeping inside the house. Anil there's appreciative response from the most recent godmother to our growing herd of spring and summer calvei, said response being turned very cleverly in rhyme, we quote: -- "To your most excellent memory f must now defer Cause just like you said, you named the heifer Take care of my namesake- long may she thrive And become the most sought- after bovine alive, Many thanks for the honor which on me you bestow Most fondly, Lawana Cuny, Apache from Texaj, you know!" End quote. Bennett Cerf's Try And Stop Me A man from Manhattan wa» sitting in his automobile one Sunday morning in a seaside resort, reading the headlines in the sporting section of the paper ne had just bought, when another car rammed into his rear bumper at approximately 40 miles an hour. The cop who came to investigate promptly placed the blame squarely on the shoulder- of the outraged Manhatlanite. But why? demanded that poor soul. "I'll tell you why," bellowed the cop. "The boy who ran into you IE the son of the mayor of this town, and I'm engaged to his sister. Any more questions?" In the pouring rain, an impa- t i e n t mm stood under the marquee of a Park Avenue hotel, trying vainly (o spot r:. unoccupied taxi-cab. "I've just got to get out to Idlewild Airport," he toll the doorman- "Keep your shirt on, sir, 1 Iht doorman told him. "In weather like this, those big planes se]. dom get off the ground on scheduled time." "This one won't," agreed the impatient ?ent. "I'm the pilot." (clD50,by Bennett Cerf. DislH, buted by King Features Syndicatt Congressman Cannon May Have Changed History WASHINGTON - Sen. Jack Kennedy, who has written a book on tense and courageous moments in the lives of senators, someday may write the story of a tense and historic moment at Iho Los Angeles convention w h e n key delegates swayed in the balance and almost deserted him. If so, American history may have been written differently, j A n o t h e r m a n might have got J t h e n o m l n a - | tion. However, since Kennedy w i l l be busy with other matters for some lime, here it lha story as I have pieced it together. It boils down to the fact t h a t , despite his shrewd and intensive organization, Kennedy may owe hlj nomination (o one man--Congressman Clarence Cannon, 81 years old, representing the Mark Twain District ol Missouri, the parliamentarian of the convention. The itory begins several weeks ago when Iow« Democrats voied (o support Gov. Hcrschel Lovc- Irss for president. Kansas dcle- i?!itcs were also pledged to support Gov. George ocking. OfVr:r! Vice Pr« "--cy Prior l» the convention, hcm-ev- er. Kennedy forces mads overtures to both Docking ami Loveless separately arxl privately t h a t they would be considered for vice president if they delivered thejr votes to Kennedy on the first ballot. Immediately thereafter, bitterness broke out inside the fowa and Kansas delegations as lo whether their two governors had the right to desert the state Democratic pledge on the first ballot and, if so, whether they should vote for Kennedy. Governor Loveless made no secret of switching votes on the vice-presidential nomination. He approached Ellsworth Hays of Hamlin, la., who has a stale job and was for Symington. Hays switched to Kennedy. The governor also approached Mrs. Doro- ihy Malone of A t l a n t i c , widow of tire highway commissioner, who switched from Senator Johnson to Kennedy. L a u r e n llullinger, a delegate from Cedar Rapids, was for Symington, but finally yielded to pressure ami voted (or Kennedy. D. C. Bergc, of Garner, a Stevenson man, and Aldcn R. Godwin of Intliar.ola, a Johnson man. also got worked over and agreed to switch lo Kennedy. However. Governor Loveless li.iH tr.-iu u .!c w i t h sevc-f.l Stc.en- son rls'.sgates, eriacially Mrs. F. 0. W, Voi£ht of OAalojsa, Slier- win Mprkamn of Des Moincs, and Stephen Garst of Coon Rapids, son of the famed corn farmer who entertained P r e m i e r Khrushchev last fall. They flatly refused to be pressured. So did Dr. R. G. Moo;e of Dunlop who refused to desert Symington. Mrs. Voight was so upset at the pressure t h a t she turned in her credentials and sat in the gallery. "I had an alternate fake my place," she told me. "I felt lonesome sitting in the gallery all by myself, but inside I felt I had dor.e right. "Governor Loveless is s modest, liberal man," Mrs. Voight said, "and a good governor of ·losva. But 1 told him he couldn't count on my one-half vote. He sakl that I was embarrassing him, t h a t T was standing in the way of his becoming vice president." "Did anyone else pressure you," I asked, "Professor Galbraith of Harvard came to see me from the Kennedy people," Mrs. Voight replied. "But he didn't pressure mo. He was very tactful. He asked me why I was not for Kennedy. He talked to me several times. Then Clem Smith, the governor's campaign manager, talked to HID right while Mrs. Roosevelt was speaking. Finally Steve Garst came up to him and told him to lit down and let me hear Mrs. Roosevelt, but Smith didn't pay any attention. "Finally Garst came b a c k again and said: 'The First Lady of Our Land is talking. Mrs. Voight has a right to hear her. I wish you would leave.' He did." Cannon Reverses Governor Loveless exerted his greatest pressure against Sherwin Markman, attorny for the Civil Liberties Union who h a d gona to Congressman Cannon on Tuesday, July 12. to ask for a ruling that Governor Loveless could not withdraw his name, and that Iowa delegates must therefore continue voting for him. Cannon ruled that Loveless was bound by hi own state convention and could not withdraw before the first ballot. "Loveless raised hell with me," Markman explained. "What did he say?" 1 asked. "He threatened to ruin mo politically, But then overnight. Congressman Cannon changed his ruling. He reversed himself and ruled that Lovelcis could withdraw his tume. I jpent f om . hours next day arguing with him, showing that all hli own prece- dents were to the contrary. Senators Humphrey (Minn.), Miko Monronoy (Okla.), Gene McCarthy (Minn.) and toward the end, Sam Rayburn, were with me, all trying to get Cannon to go back to his original ruling. But ha wouldn't." The ruling was all-important. If Iowa with 26 votes and Kansas with 21 had not voted for Kennedy on the first ballot, ha would not have made it on the lirst ballot. And on tho lecond ballot Indiana and Maryland were really to desert him, plu» some important defections inside New York and California. Thus, by the ruling of Sl-year- old Clarence C a n n o n , hlitory was made. "Who do you think talked to Cannon overnight?" I asked Markman. "I don't know, but somebody did," Later I learned that nnother vlce-preildentlal p r o m i s e w a s danglcd-thls one teforo Sen. Stuart Symington of Missouri. Hii friend from Missouri. Clarence Cannon, was trying to help him deliver. In HIP end. neither Lovelcst wr Dorking jwr Symington got the No. 2 spot, but they sura holpcd Jick Kennedy get tht No. 1 spot

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